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November 3, 2016
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September 25, 2013
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? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25 CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ? PI OFFICK or rrottommic WASHINOTON. b. C. Tot Chief, MO Prow Jan P. Libich tF SUNVOTI Presentation cf MO Material to Military Authorities, tr 26 MAy 1P46 1. Nxperienc, has hown that when the aid or the military 14-1140,10 IN needed ror nome MO operetion it is often verj difficult oexplain the point verbally. The meaning or psychological ',error', and the targete entered often seem atrange to military commanderm, And they especially hemitate to contribute the noes/teary asslatence If the task In queation would rink the lives of some or their men, SECRET I ( 2. For example, APHQ/Caeorta refused at rirob to allow planem or the lbth Air Force to carry OUP mailbags mftd papere into Geramy. However, after they had been shown samples or raked Gerionn letters and other MO items they became very lulgaito. One aoneral calling others into his office 14.atiliitiKrtiee what bhone devile have now thotko,ht oft" Thoy then offered their wholehearted 000pere- tion and the i-loossory. orders were obtained within two hours. Prom then on everyone was enthusiaotic, and even the los* or two planes and several fliers or these special mission* did not hamper the zeal or those concerned. 36 Itis therefore suggested that A etan6ard explanation or mo am ft potential weapon or wAr be printed and submitted bo the military authoritiee concerned, to- gether with samples of MO material each time e new project is contemplated and the services or the tilitary roroes tro needed. Anni-rwpci For Release SECRET '..,,?4:4,esir?,AKO.C.12.1"1, ? "?", ": -.440 ? 044.01,15*,1 OVAkCIfor0 ,A0114.-A' 3/09/25. 13X00001R000100410007-2 A Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 4." ?1i 44.4444 the end or April 1040, our last target had dis- appeared, and bfte liquidation of our DriAnch began, 411 the mombore of MO production were released for reaosignment gnd 1, with four other member* of MO, embarked in Neples on 11 May 190 and reported back to Mornsshington in good hoalth and good spirits on 02 May 190 with the feeling that 4 good Job had been done. Furthermore, I ma more than over convinoed or thA effectivenom, of MO ae a powerful weapon either in war or in peeckis Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ? I ? ? i'seif 02' si Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 I ? s1.0 --ANIMISM., 4. z - ? - , ? ? ? a muoh lesser degree in Yugoslavia, Ralf of the illiterate sa population would never believe much In the power of the printed word and will not take great risks to bring it to the enemy. I was led to believe that no other Branch of OSS had *gents or representatives inside Germany, and learred only later that SI and X-2 had had contacts in these oountries during all this timand that there would have been a possi- bility to use one of their agents who had been parachuted or Infiltrated into these countries to carry MO material. The Mailbag Project "Cornflakes" solved part of the MO operation* infiltration problem and can certainly be used in any future / was partioularly surprised at the leak of coopera- tion that existed between MO and the other Branches of this organization. The reason for this was partly because the Central European Desk of SI and RacA were in different towns (Caserta mnd Bei), and therefore very little personal contact W as available. On the ether hand, we received most valuable assistance from the N&D tranoh, under Captain Allison in Rome, who produced wonderful faked German forms, oanoellation stEmps and other items on the shortest notice, It was also a great A tw, newspapers--sometimes ht help to receive regularly from Si/Switzerland a batch of only eig daya old. German Having many social ?contacts in Rome, some of them dating long before the war, I had an excellent opportunity to jet many items of political and economic intelligenoe that were not only valuable for MO, but for various other branch them. (SI, Plnanoe, X-2) and seemed to be greatly appreciated by deRothermann and I developed quite a system to collect the right type ofirstelligence, and were very gratified to get many complimentary lettere from various OSS Branohos. During the eight months In Rome we submitted more than 80 reports to these Branches, and many of them were reproduoed under our (lode name "Mormon and distributed through the Reporting Board. We were pleased to aee by the violent reactiona of the enemy newspaport(article in Das Sohwarze Korpe--German soldiers' , paper--*Mittellungen fur die Truppe") that we vioally seemed to have worried Gorman propaganda Isadore. We ??=ere also very gratitled to boar from 2o zany German POWs who had aeon the papal* or our le4flots that they had gotten our material through the mail, and thataany of them had hidden on their peruon the secret momberahip card of the DND Party. Also the fact that the Gorman Abwahr tried to infiltrate an (Agent to reach MO MO. (X tkaombe g), all of Which definitely proves the importance of is?s?grANI Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ? ? },? ? 4?0 ? ? Declassd and Approved For ? Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R00010041Uuu 1-4 ????-- ? ? lam SECRET copied in our prints:hop and mimeographed on the reverse side were subversive leaflets, signed by German soldiers/ committees, such as "Bund Deutschll~ Grenadiere" and others, the cover story being that same disgruntled German soldier got hold of a bunch of these forma in some battalion headquarters and used them to tell bis comrades what he thought was wrong with the Nazi system. This method seemed quite successful as various German Army newspapers warned German soldiers not to fall for these "cleverly devised" subversive attempts. We further started a special production line address- ing Austrians, mimeographing and printing Austrian underground papers, leaflets, stickers, instructions, eta. Under was away from Rome most of the time working with the "Sauerkraut's" in Sienna, and later in Florence, 30 that a tremendous amount of work had to be done by de Rothormann and myself. We had to collect Ind analyze all available intel- ligence, interrogate prisoners, plan, write, and edit all items, than to copy-and proofread them, make the layout of the paper, and translate the general idea of the items to the Chief of the Branch. The greatest difficulty for the whole Branch was the question of distribution. To produce before distribution has been arranged does not seem to me to be the right way to do it. In my opinion, there should first be created as many ways of distribution as possible; all efforts should be concentrated 4n exploring every possibility. Then the production should be adapted to the available methods of distribution. It means that if you can only reach the troops in the field there is no use writing philosophical editorials; whereas, if you can reach the civilian population you must concentrate on domestic pro- blems that seem more important to them than any military question. The "Sauerkraut.", while very spectacular, are only needlepricks, as every soldier going through the lines can only teke 3 to 4 pounds of WO material with him. He will also try to get rid of the stuff as quickly as possible, since it would give him away as a apy if he were to be found with this material on his person. On the other hand, MO material found either in No- Manta Land or just behind the lines will hardly convince the enemy soldier that it comes from the homeland. Air drops, even if made black by some device such as "This copy of u GoIrman underground paper has been found in an occupied German town" (Pig Iron), will not necessarily make m item oleo& in tile eyes of the native population. The best thing to do seems to be infiltration, even in small quantities, for if a hundred items would reach the enemy by mail or were to be pushed under his door they would be more impressive and 'would be far mom likely to have the desired effect than if 10000 were to flutter down from the air like "white" FWB items. Distribution through partiaans in German-oocupied countries was aucoessful in France and Northern Italy, but to Le, _s SUR Pa09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007- iAase 2013/ 2 6 - Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25 CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ? St A ,t/414.3110111/Avio 6 ';`???? - thi s,. SECRET dialot WO to hoot* any mows or distribution Aici Oormonys Our only distribution wi044 through aortal doops?To )10 Pronoh vs mi. and soms ihipmonta to partition* in Yugoslovio ond 4 It*1 s At that timo 1 h air ad eady submittod bo Mr. Wr onor the 1 irat pion or whAt lator boots* tho "Oorntlakoo" mmtlbog prO4eet. We also plmnted ooploi of our (Inman popoo in bpainw The first edition or utia pwpor woorod on 16 Juno 1044 Know we hod ogreod on tho nom* "Das Neu* Doubmohlond", In tho middle or July, our Oranoh W AA movod In dtr.. retreat ooholono trom Algiore to Homo, I WOO 0)111 in Algiora whorl tho nom amt.% or tho attempt on Mb:torts lira. I put ONL throe lostlots grid had them mimoogrophod kb ON mud arranged tor distribution so that thoy wore droppsd to bho Woonoh moor - round within 30 hours or tor bho now* o: tho k ti ti glitlP I) on ttlerle lire hod boon nunlioisocil In on oditorioi ror Deo N*1.40 NU timOhl WA, Wbtu:11A on ti J'uly end printed on lb 41141 T luta pointed tmo, bib bh44 0031AAll (41v11014041 atior, stotoipoariA thitt tho won td bo lost, may try in A 4101414 Limo to grit) vid or Hitter by osoomainobing him, On CO 6tuiy L044, I 414-4,1 yeti In Nome by plane trotti A torsi Working pod printing reo.11.1b1ee in gonorol win,* muah better and &leo at that4 b tine *Another tletimAn wig berp Misn deltoth- etetatvn, had been branererred bo us iAti n400 bheb bima on wa worked olostil togebher? Oho rbly or tor hn 'Abeittpb on hi biers* aro, tato tint "uotiorkrout" Nutt on had boon abort...It-1 by Male Milder? Osman PoWs woro soot beak through bhe Unman itneee in Clorittan nnitoreno. with OA Moil OriddoM AlS ? 60 il I Liiibiltn MO 1,941)011AI behind the onosty lines, Theverore, lb 000urred bo me bhokb lb WAS a very good opportunity bo aprood tionrusion by plonting rsico oartattn ettlitery orders behind bliF.o rronb .Linissa ly tiloaely *bud:Ong ooptAired Oermen doourne mentof 1 A tAistAd LO p 1401tiON rik Ad urdere, andwe aohleved very grttitying outmossoo in tide new projeot.. We frequently rem. oeiveo aoatmente frvin Own. isrenoh Military Intra1itgenoe. PW), and our own X.4) Dranoh. proving Velab Wen failed order* hod been I. ken rot, genuine Ooremn order* Dub Whoil; WAA Mt) PO portant ond gratirying was thot tal* rill Ali Army redlop and even Plel(1 Marehail homsolving )Ammar, in a tipool al Order. had to deny the outhontioity or Immo or tholgo rtdend duountenbri. Later, we *leo stertiod bo rake 0011tioni. 014/1.11 oak 40-elln1 I tre4ive orders in the olionlio, Fluent) tilL, kOnti brew tilte and polit tool. ti fold all or maw!, or 000pso, wl: bh ft hidden subvereive meaning. We mien developed * aohemie to LA144, &flip 1 AA or (ientimn military roma ouob so losvo woos* promotion N)lan, bosIvol pewits, death reeorci toms; etos, hey were A notirAtoly 6 44eVt:A4L'qW15?.re n. ri nd d For Rel ? ,...,,,,.......tmchwikenriiitesoPlett- 4-41v lb 4", t- ?,,akt,6411* - 2013/09/25 CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 t 1 r Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25 CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 "'UM": 4111121611111ralid"?1111111111111 ? r&441 k'i NA, 4 gb Witty ig40 i ttt i?') /7 Cit((/ i' Tot KO Breneh, OSS/Washington I, iii j, , irI, rroliet Jan P. Libich /it ( *% , SONECTt FIELD REPORT Y I SECRET ? ? Prom 4 June 1044 to 11 May 1946 I worked AS 0 civilian field representative or the, MO Branch of OSS. I left Washington Or 4 June 1044 by plane, Rnd arrived In Algiers on 6 jun* 1944 to take up my duties se pollttoal advisor, Oetwian writer and general ideas man with the MO 15shoh. When I arrived there wam only one Unman *riter- a young Austrian boy, gddie Under?who had been rooruited in North Afrioa a few months before. The Oilier or the )3renoh, Mr. Eugene P. Warner, *leo kept two German POWs In a villa and tried to une them ai writers for German material. flosides some Italian. items previously produced, there were a few mimeogr*hed leaflets written by Under, stiokers and "Wie Lang Nooh" series brilliantly denigned by Lt.(jg) Saul Steinberg, and slogan, that went with them that were not quite or the ammo standard. We started Immediately on bhn production of n German monthly newepaper uhet wen mupposedly the mouthpiece of el exittent 0,rman subversive Pesos Party. I was Able to convince Mr. Warner that one of the first rules or Mo ohould be that no artieleo or items first written in English and then transleted into German shold ever be used, for it was impossible to make any type or translation sound the sem* as the original, and that no person ar a different nationality is ever able to have exactly the same trend of thought or to express himself correetly. Working ocnditions in Algiers were very difficult. We were in sun-biked huts, working on oonverted orange boxoe for Ways, with one German typewritor. At that time our printing facilities were verl limited. It took weeks to get the Oerman "umlaute", but I didn't want the German paper to be printed mad releaeed without them. Neverthslees, every 038 wan Otat worked in Algiers at that time will remember the wonderful spirit and th- eling ofaihievin$ 9004hing that rut through the Whole _fit. Wan very disappointed to rind that no radio facilities or Any. kind existed for our Opihatto and thut we SECRET ? Afrt,..." as ? na ? ri nd d For Rel 2013/09/25 CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 I Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ? 1* Nr* Wish served in Algiers as political adviserp writer sad moral ideas man 44 Germanys Pablished Vas Neu* Seitsehlamdw and was the originator of what beeame the seeraflakesio mailbag projeet 2* tatiltration is suggested as the but moans of distributing NO material* Mach time a new project le contest.- plated amd the eoeperation et the military aucleirities is ,- Needed, a standerd explanation of NO as a *vapor of war should 1041 printed and submitted to the military authorities oonoerned toiether vith samples of NO material* Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 CIA-R0P13X00001R0001004-1 uuv Tb. Director of the Office of Strategic Services -- because the individual was not familiar with the job with which he had been assigned. b. Under General Order No. 63, Paragraph 3, Section C, the specific difficulties of which he personally became aware. In the assigning of individual, to work with the Chinese on special mission the Chinese are very "rank consoious" and are very reluctant to work with enlisted men* In my partio6? ular ease While traveling alone, relying on Chinese modes of transport, I was introduced by my interpreter as a Major. If Chinese officials became aware of any foreigner in the military servi*, as an en14.sted man, the scope of his activities would become very limited, Intelligence infor- mation would suddenly become scarce, wethods of travel would become nonftexistent in fact the very subsistence of the individual would be eeriously threatimed. This ia because of a very strict class syatem in China. 6* All film, both mobion pioturs and still made by the writer from 20 June 1943 to 16 June 1944, was turned over to the Commander U.S. Naval Group, China, as I was under the Commend of that activity during that period. No photographic assignments wore completed while under the command of Lt. Col. I. Tolstoy, AUS, Commanding Officer of project "Saddle" from 16 June 1944 to 30 November 1944, atter which time the writer returned to the UtOt. Reap submitted, who,144116.1.41.4"..."" bort Eastman 081)(1) ), USNR Field otographic Branch oaipase 2013109/25: CI 'A-RDP13X00001R00010041000712 ,t34, ? ? ? ? ? ? wFs. Declassified and Ap ? roved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-R0P13X00001R000100410001-4 ? ? ? Itt it tit; The Director of the Office of Strategic Services 2 transfer to the OSS Dot. 202 in that area. 3. on 15 June 1944 I submitted to the Commander of the U.S. Naval Group, China a detailed report of mi activities (lowering my trip to and from Camp No. 4, Shoop*, Suiyan Province, which report also gave a detailed history of the activities of the Camp So. 4 personnel, difficulties encountered, territory ?overeat Chinese Uilitary Foroes reviewed and a generalu written report of lale situation in Northwest china an economic standpoint. This report was also submitted to Major Wilkinson, Command1ng Officer, uranoh Eq. Dot* 202, Cbungking, China, on 16 Am* 1944* 4. Ou 19 June 1944 I received orders to report to the Commanding Officer, Branch Eq, Dot. 101, Caloutta, India, to *useable a photographic set-up to acoompany projectt "Saddle", to which I had been assigned as group photographer. I gathered together what equipment was available in Caloutta, India than proceeded to Diet. 101, Eq., Nasira, Assam, where I Joined the Commanding Officer of project "Saddle", Lt. Col. I. Tolstoy, AUS. Together with the other personnel of project *Saddle" we proceeded to Dot. 202 Eq., Kunming, China, where Ise re-assembled all the gear which was to b4 taken with this project* On 12 August 1944 I was assigned to Dot. 202, Branoh Eq., Chungking, China to assist Lt. Col. I. Tolstoy, AUS in the preparation of Intelligence material for project "Saddle", while waiting for this project to get under way. On 8 November I received orders from OBS Eq., Delhi, India to report to OSS Dot. 101 Eq., Nasira, Assam for further duty. On 29 November 1944 / received orders from OBS Eq., Delhi, India to report to the Eq. Field Photographio Branch, Washington, De O. for further duty and leave. I arrived in Washington, D. O. on 11 December 1044. My period of service overseas was twenty and one-balf months* Under General Order No. 63, Paragraph 3, Section B, the oonditions in the field that sight be improved - the ens suggestion is that the Supply Officers might give to the members of Special Projects a little more cooperation in the matter of getting together and transportation of their units, sometimes "hard to get" supplies. / found that tklo usual attitude was "it's y)ur little red wagon, you pusn it". Not being familiar with oonditions that always exist in *soh individual location, it is very diftioUlt for a newcomer to arrange for and transport unit supplies. In many OWAOS the individuals took the attitude of, arta looking out foe yours truly',, It was found that sometimos this attitude was taken 40, 1 c v4' n'?-? P pi A2 se 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ? Declassified and Appse 2013/09/25 CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 roved For Re lea ? ? ? r ? , OFFICE OF STRATEGIC SERVICES WASHINGTON, D. C. 23 March 1945 To: The Director of the Office of Strategic Services (1) Chief, Field Photographic Branch (2) Secretariat, OSS From: Robert J. Eastman, CSp(P)(PA), USNR Subject: Overseas Returnee, Field Report 1. On 23 March 1943 I left Washington, D. C. on tempo- rary duty orders to report to the Commander, U.S. Navy Group, Chungking, China, suzh temporary duty to be of indefinite duration. I arrived in Chungking, China on 20 June 1943 and was assigned to the duty of setting up a station film labo- ratory and processing station, located at the Rq. of tho U.S. Naval Group, adjacont to the city of Chungking. In September 1943, I was transferred to tho city of Calcutta, India on temporary additional duty to set up a supply system of photo- graphic materials for the field camps and hq. laboratory in Chur3king. The duration of this temporary additional duty was about one month. In October 1943, I returned to Chungking for further transfer to Camp No. 4, U.S. Naval Group activity in Northwest China. I loft the city of Chungking on 15 November 1943 for Camp No. 4 for duty of an indefinite duration, under the command of the U.S. Naval Group, China. Inasmuch as the duties outlined in the above para- graph were completed while on detached duty from the OSS, Field Photographic Branch, and that a complete report has been submitted comerning the activities of the Field Photographic Unit, which was on detached duty with the U.S. Naval Group, China, by the Commanding Officer of the Field Photographic Unit, the writer has no comments to make. 2. On 28 April 1944 I received orders via radio dispatch to report to the Commander, U.S. Naval Group, China, via the first available transportation for further transfer back to the Branch Eq. Dot. 202, the OBS activitY in Chungking. I left Camp No. 4, the U.S. Naval Group activity, located in Shompa, Suiyan Province, China on 17 May 1944, arriving in the City of Chungking on 12 Juno 1944, where I reported to C~ander of tho U.S. Naval Group, China for further . ? PAIease 2013./09/25 CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ''?-",00,1?*? ure4444 4., ? 40- 4r 4 ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 . ? S. 7 Dirootor, 08S Soorotarioto OS: ?Not, Field Photo, Srartoh, OSS? Ovorootts Roturnoo hold Report rot Robert 4 Akettootto 0811(P)4 UONR JOHNWI O1OL1611, Lt., UM Sitooutivo ?Moor Piold Photogrophio Bronoh, 03: by dirootion ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 '14 a tta ? Metnerandatn ? UNITED STATES GO le,(At I Acting Direotor DAM- 29 Wy 1941 Secretariat A- :.4A714,04,.., ?told roport or Robert J. Nastmon3 pp(P) MINH ,t, Iir 14' C e%* dutlinoa hia itIn@ropy and tlescriben his dution At Chungking, Caloutto and 21 clio recommend@ that Oupply orricorm in the field sibyl@ ummbern of Spocial Project,' MOP@ 000pormtion in transporting unit nuppllon. Ho note@ that Cincao or? vory ',rank conooloue ono aro riatioLAnt Lu work With onlistod mon. I 4 " , Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 to% 11:14:4 a ? ?-? a ? Le Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 a4-1"1 .. fiEr 5. With reference to the problem of relationship between Ala and Si In the field, steps are prsely being taken to improve the situation, which has for sometimeent been recognized as meatier-, factory. An effort la being made to coordinate the dispatch of intelligence directives by. liScA and 0I tn Wainon, and to arrange for closer cooperation between fiel :r on, representatives of Si and R&A in Athens. The problem has been partly one of personalities, and RIA, Washington ls presently seeking to replace its representative in Athens with a man who Is less afraid to overstep what he maw believe to be the limitations of his directive. Actually, in in ()axe: as small as Athens, intelligence requests sholald be farmed out kr the Chief, OSS to whatever individuals have the contacts and facilities most nearly capable of producing an adequate result. In a larger office, this function should be controlled by an intelligence officer along the lines indicated by Wes Crosby. 6. Concerning insufficient office help (parn. 0-2), this situation was only too clearly recognized in Cairo prior to the establishment of the Athens office. The original Young Plan, Jr. allowed for sufficient clerical assistance. However, Ude Plan was drastically revlsed by directive from Caserta which was rigidly interpreted by Ciolonel Aldrich. It was exceedingly difficult to secure permission for other than the absolute minimum of personnel to be dispatched to Athen,. insistence upon the necessity of more cleric./ help, if the operations of the office were to be run effently, was of little avail. As regards Misa Crosby's criticism, I woUld only say that It was not the Greek Desk which was at fault but 4 higher policy. The oxporlence ln Athens should definitely be a les4fk:n to which proper attention should be paid in the future. 7. Miss Crosby's criticiem of the training of Si agents has been repeated from Cairo and Athens on a great many occasions. Ai has been pointed out, this situation has been altered radlcal4 1 for U. better in recent months, and it is to be hoped that future 1 field representatives will reech their posts in a bettor condition I, to do the job demanded of theft, than were the early samples sent to the fleld. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ? 0, 11. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013109/25: CIA-RD -iuw, ? ? ? OFFICE OF STRATEGIC SERVICES WASHINGTON, O. C. !Mai : Stephen B. L. Penrose, Jr. SUBJECT : Field Report of Miss Margaret Crosby - I. /4,1S-3 "0. r`ui 12e-to:I 29 hay 1945 1. Mien Crosby's report is of special interest and importance boloiume she has been an exceedingly effective officer in the field, and ner judgment is usually calm and well-balanced. She was in Atheas all during the strenuous period of the Civil War and did her work well under terribly difficult conditions. It is rather sig- nificant that she makes no comment at all upon this in the brief paragraph in her report in which she refers to her activities in Athens (para. A-2), 2. The comment made in para. B-1, concerning the desirability of more frequent contact with Washington, might have been made from almost any field office. The situation was perhaps more acute in Athens than elsewhere because of the strenuous conditions under which the work was performed. An effwit was made on the part of the Cairo office to maintain constant touch and to give Athens the feeling of dependable support, which would mean a great deal to a group as isolated as that one was. However, appreciation from Cairo is hardly as satisfactory as appreciation from headquarters in Washington. 3, The unfortunate fact with regard to the entire Greek operation was that, although intelligence coverage was excellent and emplote, there yes actually very little American interest in the Greek scone. Our Greek Section was in the position of a man all dressed up with no pia** to go. In Athens and in Cairo, I have had expreeeed to me man, times an acute ~emu of this situation on the part of repreeentetives of the Greek Section. Under such circumstances, unusual efforts must be mode by headquarters to indicate appreciati4n on its pert of the work which is being dans* 4* Ths concrete suggestions ARA' by Miss Crosby in para. P.1 (*AM are constructivn and have been acted upon. The dispatch ;or nom *lipping, to Athens rAS begun before Miss Crosby returned. Slope are now being taken to provide more specific tnformation con.. wiling the evaluation of Greek reports. iguM, Daipase 2013/09/25: CIA-R0P13X00001R0001 0410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 .640,444, _4 , f310.41 .440 0001..)tlitc;? VIL) tonoy 1;01.1 1:1 4110 ,1.11 , .1 It (Ion 0411 t 't 01, As (;41 ,?,: ? , ;. uptt, 4-.?0(1110..,, t41,,e.t,1,11 , 't) ?1 or%) v'cori thr) (114.).,'. .1. it)ti if041 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 '11 low:0 a .* Oa atrT.1 dat :fry omAll unit ou h ao t4ht 411,AU6110 p000ibly ?owl, thavbat &0_104otantly roaom -,00lootions alLy or 0011Pa0 00n0P6.4 001v0o Mi 00mmunto trom.0ur *totomorb aro Whiv04ro. t pArt from th000, whioh APO Wricult if not 111006- ,Aihinztot ooula holp tho RaDorto 0Moo Athom?11 O1An colootion tn a numbor of opOoirio wayo ouoh fig NO ln WashitOon ooula bowl ?hot* licit to AthOnd roporto from Athono wort) not aloaominatoa tod itz.-whioh olaoolfloatin and'or 0V4luntIon ogod nail, Wily, otos iah itthti tho oruanization /J.)0611'100,34 ana Vorci 0110.1tIoo, opiA11 bo aukcd to 1 out ovtqUation ohdoto ,z a ,aon000mt4lit voup or any. or 50 Athono roportn, indi- tatkW, which thoy round motul, Cruoolo ott . hotio ovaluatIon iohooto oculd thorn bc mont to Athonos os Ooomilanally oonel to Athuno &itclip1)1H:;o on Gr(,oco from covcra mpr000ntativo 11,4wap4poro ( uow York Timoo Ana WaohlwA;p11 Foot tor oxaMplo ) tor n 61von porio0 ot ton Jaya or two wolkos MonsWOOd Wotal (UNto Atilonn ir wilftt typo- or vopolit, tho 4mt1on tnVaohlton vinIc vof)f1, anl orn bu OWIttt!I boolagoo quato no444PaPor aovollat;0. ZAH t..11.4...?:0 %LAT 0, tho aop,Iratio,1 n 1V4A ano, UX oorini,toki imixploa,brri- in'h41011wt intolnclonco. novo, ao probr;,ly in othwp ama4 unit rlOod ow:at:dodo tho airitinotion by typo or trr u,D000,a0 Tho natal Int0111n01100 mon in Athono, ono or,, vglin to WM - I turn In both IVA ana SI matopial which ocomo 11;041 wad, an daoh ono lumdloo tho oubjoct maritly ln whioh it lo 000orrttlbn, 110710V01', oOrlotiMQM bloolvod by Poulin pt 1 that Thollin6ton ana/ols OuIro Inaot on a otriot oto604 :AgttnOti011 ;Atwo-vin braichoo awl on duo croOit bo bho )OjV TAio'rcoulto it tho thnb a qUooti,M rvoM MA mtibt iia 6'.4e by A4444,una *no rrom a pooaralcao of who io moot oo it tOit At tImoti thr'71,4 hi,r1 tavo boon tmuuo cU114 1.on :.fk;i0414) 0X tho tact that WA P01104 waturlal 0000 not oltmr - NA4PL th* ax rtiportiloTttoti.' milAino)Mont ;131 Athond goom tO' f.go i4t61118onmq oraofir ( whothOr ho bo :t; 1LiRom fotd 0 fl ()Qr. tota-r' }.)T) tillvt to pit ) thvoll 4,00-0 qLt9 ;J olottliOa? _ .nto)-In Ai-Junlap,h06flji hu: )140 mA40-Vto,orvoioomnion NW, opfitm0t4yj ouatjto,,1 vg1171 too OX 1 WIMP S Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ." t, ? 1 I .0 .. , .. _ Q11 4.15 4ung q4) 0,xvin Ouqt) '60)16 LILO; ,?,0t1)). B040 to o4At Gvook ropopta An Onlvco, 710p ' ,,11:J41 Oal:tio b41 onou6h 10.16ovor ,oc lgon,? .6 to,th0 011ooJc Dook 41 OtAtAlo to Oo PP VI, 611 INpolltn boropo thoy wovo 4ont pn to th V.!i 00, Thgv6 X wlo lin ohApepo 14 )1'0,000.01)1 41' 1.,-;011011, mlorto I'vom Olm000. TbAn 441volvoil.pori,t ot,141 AO ,It onmo 1n, o001,411(1 witLil 6110104.41"0 ovIzY hrtnIlinf,f4 *lab aloOd bo 1;111104 oNoklne; t46"ntilvo botoro thoy I. 6on.t to bo voturioallogal poualwtho-wWntag ori 0 tr4nolopot ohookinGtrelalAgonno 1,131'1 tliwtho nouomb14 eihfl tiro', vouj1 oaltIn of thy vopovto tioVovo thoy wciviu oftt on to tho RQ,Ivni3O Orvlo, , .:r. ?X. 11 1!'''1, , 4a v?Tovta .41Vioop ln Athono, v WOW; w ( mmah Vtiv 40.). h .4iAl10 Kw: t4)ll000molbWty X'oll tholAn4 ,7)6,4411 tiogmln4-1 A oV tho vopoalta4 Thovo X AlN0 pal000t4oa 41' mpuIf)0(.3 ,goow:og fm tho Plold An0 tho olltmllv, 1.ntoIlc -ct,r1i1)144n. po , - 4,00MA ,4R11,,49 ".........?? ) 1,1 o Ulo Opoq.% Nog wf.,, tv6wp1111(10 to t:,;noolltao I W41:41 ihol,o,lo holp. Pitt Owedlc ropovto. 011 oxpival X 4nkoq tW pont h000 mil CAWW64woltr 41.11 1:41tlon 4t thv ONO OV )41)11.11411y who4 Gh (1001nd.ono-o 70 wvo 711hod? A% the voquo.:t or CaA4v, X 4010;AL Athon4 an krJixqt,o 0:CV,ocip rov two monthq, , t E 444 v4r ,L110 '..ltio of Lho Atilono W? O oica by f p4TA-L, Intomot tPom An0 10114 1 "4401,0V3,44. XII -Ath000,, vo P44 ti,i',. er, . Y" U442e0P WI nOVOr141 ' 4.'. ,''' , ' '040,fif 01?_ 1 , 1.41,1,0,*1 , Th-tri'i ' .. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ??? ? ? `46t4'.41. ? ? 1?3('' 4'.if???:,24;t','?, 4 '.47* .T4 ? *Noel Athens, written breve IWO Report from above tree her assignments in comments on her report Divisional Deputr for '?6 14{ 144.1i.al de A qir ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 1.? *Meer durivgas Reporting Boajjt warn days from 7 November 1944 unto MAy 190. She also work1:. with the SI/Greek Desk In Caserta and previously In CtIa.l. 2. More frequent contact with Washington should be maintained to Increase both efficiency cf reporting and morale. The Washington Reporting Board should regularly appraise field reporting and send representative news clIppings to afford comparison. Branch distinctions 4as between SI and R&A should not be allowed ,reporting in the field. of 3. Mr. Pornrosels appra1s111/Miss ' Is att4ohed. .1 'Ace 4.41.144,14,141, - - e Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CiA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 1111 * * ? I. ? S. .? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ' ???? .??????? ? ? ..41447.440P ? 4 )", A S' f Jct. t Caw; neat* refer to the report on the Third Area Aoti*ities loy04$440 Yralman and write me briefly your estimate. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ? ? wimmigermeiminiee Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 5110ww-- 1 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 .4w Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 .1) !, f _ or" , ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ?????? C.A.RaOLL, LT Er 15,,611 OWEN ? T G z?GE 151666 COI:PCM 15,676 HAIM zt 4$O JO 15 ,695 ? ? ? V.? - - " ? 'No ? 411 ? -0 15?, 4s : ?tr.441,e?.. . ? ? Al& 41, ? _ ?".'" S. ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 - , : . ? 0 ?e? . ?,'?i4.;],"1-fil,. ..-4 . ;:,,--t . - ? :. ;???,:z.1.....!,.. , --4. ?... . . . , 4,..P,,,.. .!f? ' -.131?..i'v iff' ' i 7-- _ :---. ; - ? : : ? ? ' . -1" - . ? --..t--' -11* , P . 4.r-V., ? t.'. . '.-4.--qe-cil'.0, ? :k,, .....- .? ? - . .....--..? `. . J. . Ji..?. I. . ' ' . - . . ..! :, ?, . ' ? .., ' .-1-714111. ', - - ? -,' ? _: - .. ....?`7., I O.'. I ? - .41 I ? . ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 41?? , ? -???_?! ? .1???? ? ? ? .n. ... , .? . :.:. ? : ?.: .. . ? ,..e... r :,, ... , - :i.-.11- ,-; Sr. ,-, r ? -.4iL ,?..1 i? ? . ' - ? '3 Slit' ? ?-?:41.;?!..b??, ' ''' - '? ?? ,P ...,), ,g-? ? ???'.-74*1- " 4 ,&???'? ? ? %?-4.i "t eq!' se. " --; ? rs,". ' :?4?:-??-?:?,-,: ' trA,Hmt?e"--;?" -_, -,,..,.. ? ??.7. ,...?,-",!' '-i-? ????11. ?,,,o?,..1,,, ,;,;,.?1, ?? ,.v ? 14, .',1??,..iv11?0,..4. ?i,. ,?q?! I ,1,,,,,, 1,41,- ;j, , ?,,,m' r? ? .., , f,.? i 1,, i, ,? 1,, i ''''.?. ?;,,,;41 ?,,, .? ?:i ! , , ?!P', ? ? ??; t ? 7 14. $ e E?T ,11 ??,?*114?, ? i? vrt! 110 41. !rot, ?l? ti401-,' 4trill;4.'?-, ? 11,1 , '143 ,*?-? ? ?I':?P. ,r;2??,,L 4*;1- 2.- . , ? :37 ? ? '...?.%"."'7?.'ik..?:,!?:;c-?,'-'41:.? ? - ?.; - 44.241_ F VI, ? ????,7 -1 ? ? h., ? .? s, ? . ? * ? ? :? .- ?? e ? s ? V. .? i-j. ? Sa ?- . . ? ? - ? : Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 .? ? - . ? ??? ' ' ; ? ? . ; Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 -,r+YRik?1. There ta attached Field Report freak Xejor Aubrey Liiiihreeed, 4044 4 Yovember 1944, Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ? * .? t . ? . ? ? : - I'?? ? . ? fre ? Ilk ? ? :4, ? ? ??? _.%???'; i?? ? ? ? ?? ? - ? ? ?:. . ? ? ?? ? - . VcI ? ?') ? , a ? '?,0* ? et. ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 e** I ? ?? ? ? ? ?' 41.1.????10.0.4 ? ". Asigula_41103,2&sLES a lovember? 1944* I was transferred to than Dretteh on the 15 Jac', 1944, and *triveti London on 30 Omni, 1444. At that ti01# there was no fmnotioning German Section UM Continental Divielok of St LTO, About 101J4y, 1044, iihn Seotion was eiwp.' tsolithed so p&rt of the Oontinental Division and t was ap.s. poZate4 Aating Mast. A4 %mit ttio Mk following pere*nnel were aseigned tO the Soo-11am itoorr Sayler wbo /lad been sqga1e4 in researoh work* Sgt. Guttman a 4sw who had bees tentative1Y Iseleisted to- ' an, *Was vtici was dropped on socena of his oa'aot,rL 0 'stow; ? 4. aolmeider who we* reosiving a Wit obisree pkt Milwatlitee4 saln Who was 0217 tontattvely &listened and X.W4r rira ton/starred to the 143rd Army. t.3Mok3 who was not in good health and was .14tgr re*s, ta th. States for that rika130* T's were.ao pleas of opsration for getting 4orsaa7 *1* for, obtaining int* ligenoe from *crew tt eAsept reports whish wars being oblialeed throughint4l scrams. of Allied Government., Furthermore, no elOtio avolUble for the :resulting of personnel for the Set#0 toe iblailamo amid torsos, fad ao training staff wae Ova inotruet La the German language* Older the oireunetanee0 was rem se4. an U? The *word, that the Goma* Seetton was * art *viaLs o reisoga2004 4h1C-, it wokot hits to alma* 0541 itnitatioa ; to romputt permit% ji*10Xes, rst*rVsd to later-. I the tilioe the Germ** NO e =of OT the 4004 Mosel Wo*011 **Aim( a e tAls tus rs Vs a Vilito toI Aree e C ? nt. tit .74, ' ? Y A.:14 3. ? iGA. WOM SAblith will 0* of OA*4. ? ft-air :- ? . . ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 1.0 a et+ V.04 4itti41 taet.01.1 ._;.:-.15Z .."-)W..',:',V.!? , ? ,,.. ...; , ,-, , ...t, 7.st,IS-"t.:???-,r . .411 ? v. V.' l\to ? ', -.. jr?;?.:. - ?,. a ? 01? -? 410, ? 3- Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 .O.b ? .aoroo0 o 'Pt ',"????? ?60 ?ego +so 0 ?:? Sovireel eseVilogs were held with Major Gallena and member* of his **matt incluAing Major Day and elm. Lt. 041 brook (Irsil4pg * neer) alati Lt. Col. Gardaer, IA vault reonalsoil that the robiEw was entirely efferent rive the elm *Lich the Ocselsx plan wao developed to meet, as la, thait ease the personnel Was recruited bit' the Fronoh authorities., the operation was to take place in friendly territory with Rem- tioa C0motittems and eat* aesses established in advance. ?nigher nwamh. reasption or the Susses pleawalt in July, 1943, whereas we wirrs. faulAs an Infinitely owe Ai:Moult problem in July, 1944,1. At 0* fttst meeting ef Nalai, Gallskinrand Colonel BrooX*,140 devatoped that Ow had, ta *tat text *kw neeeseerrpersonnel sAftvz: bat scoured among the German prisoners of war. A. an alloznatlosit It wee suggeinot that efforts should be made to Obtain psrlIonnel fro* the Allied 0oVitivientsp especially the ?%. Dow SeIgian illetish)? ?rem* (Alsaelan) an* also froe among' @ trie Go. !man refugee* irUtter* ?ertlett Any eo.cealied pioneer veto Wftita swabs-rod around 100, i4 Men. Attar softersa awaittagis And aciatitterable atseuesion _oheolciAg beitililelt* CoIassi Saakell end ottiere and. learning that it Init. the 040121140 or op/a** UM prisoner* of -war were not dee1rah,le4 ak, its ttnally drovrt up to be known as, 'Ithe /Cent plan, ' ' -It -030n.i. O. reerialting of )').4eana by both the Iritieht and our? tows to sonetet of Wool!~ awl VAT .operator. : pro? for treleit, thop Obeerser in the USO.0f11000,:, praietiti. The personnel were -tex. he steiirett? fro% sailtUGAirlit atimay AMU& fOlitorimoritl 0, iScrliilik:, glu-i iad prteere of %A? - tM latter .eettraiie he 1014 retort. The pIaa4400?601sted loot trot 14,041 : alneL 44 portal of 44' ass 0:0,_ reerniting OW tra4SS ? *oliWitifely 04000404 it isef ji' Onin 'bra, the- stkq* a** was tit0te4AWO vAng reset 'tweak ot 0040004 floalsontior Ailiouti-' At. Soo the ationot 'sae Merits lite and At e'en Ible that, OW linat a4hi dlie overthrOwa- in Vv. partispe lik part tit 1 tokti*n and to ot4.0-_' Vidifor mot agitsidietatIONO Coaiiiiiapir Cohen finally*otoot Itigot itzlit tvaipt dodo.* no to to ,40$004 With thik,i-00 4 - 44tritions *hi* *plir,ently influ00104, eisieti so provenwi th ts001, t ? to: 1 ' ittitatt4 " 4. , kts. 44*?. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001Rnnn1nn4innn7 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 - , tr. They seemed eonvineed that the *hence% or gettinte4onste into Gelman,' were not very bright and that oar min who 1,4"ArWPW in that country would have so Shame of survival unlese be:ws!,0 lour. of bikinis sheltersd hy friends who would feed WAS out of their.' rotions. They were of th* oplaion that the counterfeltingul le the German lpeuments' %es a treaes4ous1y undertaltlac and se to tome of thsm,suoh as rat ton tickete,. a timoti041 400141. bility. 40. They felt that taking the war situation as it was ad the prospect af revolutionin Gersany togethor with twhe time re4u044 t* develop the rrognicrathst tine- ooviek be spout to better taco in other cols. d, aildition to the recognised tliitioultiita iz obtatn* tbsi aeoessarr personnel, it was aleo regtognieed that neithit,we *or the eritish had available officers suited. to ooncluot soave,* nor diet we have the physicial facilities needed, Eriterir.oe w-2-4 made above itt the lisitation wrson rs0141 *attritive of Olt in the United timg4401. rt see _sied hessevor to determine just what the likititation wee and how it tett, In one,- of my conversations with MaOr oaflesX eUy asked his what hia -lowlerortsuading rooming this was, that before WS oratersd thediritiah Isles en agreinken- *a rsaiozad between the_ State DesArtmikt and the. ' - mi attic. providing that no lisaepesdent oporatione w spot-edQU 014% tor 014* itrItil* without the eons -respocidia,1 tl authorities a with the provlso a an7 ditterenoe* of olltimi4* the matilM 1410 lio the Novae 411111414 00*0114#4,This being4h1agr - 1wLta 1A4 adtesod t4 tiltti na &POI ? it seeiloid .011141)oratioa with **mowed S.,* plan* $ rfisAtiihtate,e_ ar * *attain relUOtan0 oft as table 14th our /MUM eatintorPartii whileIt uses* to W 600 1A,War4it Alltoit agir0400* geasrais ii oxperloom ? koxtratlik rook:1%4 at very trttiswil Ihkv PritrUli itait 1 wows torivil to tar wettor This *4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ? :?? 1 V. a ? ? a? ? a. That a survey he sada or ail parsonnel in OBS ETO to awirtala those Who had a kmuiledg? of ths German languaga and 4ho 116'4 111,64 in 04promq* with a'view to oinking **salable *owe goal:Mad versos*. This intOrm4t1on was obtained bys examining all Otreonnel reeords covering military, naval, WAAO amid aveaun pirsonnel and was submitted along witn the written suggestion/. No tetion was taken. b.Toltowing oonforonoes with Shaer, with 0.2 Inoue& and with dotonel Oills ProvostMarshal the neceasary procedura tp earosning, **looting and trarsterrint (Hyman prisoners of war OAS was wark*d out and a propeol su 'sifted in imiting that tht. ^. be umertaten try OS Ulnae in mind not only the needs of t Drench* bay also )O, :(4 and poesibly'1144. It was **cert. thet L4. C121. i90114413,114 Wmt Lina position with a Largii etsft of Interrogator* to co-operate with us la this attempt and t*t ht brother Najor Soolcsohll4 lois In our X.2 Drench. Oolone Provost OtarothAt we* moot oomopertytive an# aseurad ao of bit ? Support, The general feeling at this tI was however,' the aim ot Geramn priaoners of war as agents tor the , vition Gernstay. , fm. The *mite of ilsaoh of the *mations in the'Oontinent Dtviston deaIl4g with the alliod intolligenoe agencies were 1Otst4d to pro's.* IndeponSently on behalf of, the Ocotion *ad endeavour So have Uwe Allied agatoilis make available to-ut P*144nnei qualittol to sorts ao agents in Germany. The x'eeute 1041r4 nogyittteo - ??r ? ????., Aroual I. Ao*Otto 19444 or shortly th4reattar I was ' odvimotitbat 2 ho4 boot voluted to scoompany the MS 1Porw*tl? to It Pithlr stop Noti? *ma Z o0upleted arrangeiontS to 00044a to ,P4404 0% Ole, On tho int,* le dowel*** wir, Z*So Mitioset that it tie4.3plion VW' 4T- rorptiteentativc tellh thtf:forfooki A 444y er tw iatCrlt Was *4,40#4 Ott LC041...'.14414. !sit liOU 4,1010044 from Wm where04 - " 1044 Mets IntOrmod that he would, be in 0 sC aM be sok his du-tiee and rilllv ft saw* lia4o for *4 to, VA4 to 40t: II tortfik Ut ot417 to ardsevOUr to personnel_ for the onotto- -* to. Gorolot Soot -T1 infAltriitod through 4014 oftwe ttittk *X** 014100 144/14, serve in th. poet-war those UM* Us* ? ? ? ? am. . . 4 ? .. t 411411. I . AL. .. . . ,.. ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: bIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 41,1, ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 S7 ? A. ? ? ? ;???. far the wast 1.11.1c,t-A.ous aasigamastot person, who would be willing to servo is?tor the Nati controls began to break down would be or ..i.:.*;*root ao,woll as %Omit ?ho weroprtioulartY Tha1iflo4 fizikr the :-.14t ...war period. Conforon000 were hold with tho top *Moors or WAAL bore and lottors of Introduction war* socurtfd to col000. Rouliers mr. trete end I Its.% London on 24 August, 19444 and took " a, sleep with us* ws IaniRed an the Continont on 30 Augusto, 1944 #A4 FM01114404 tft St plire our Nor baying been instrwotod to tura to Lt. col. *sere t whose Ii hid been ii Valonge, aariwu procoadod to Paris we continued to Paris and arrit zyt itetwts,t, '044. Contacts were ilabediatoly ottablishodi Roullicr of the BORA.; with Lt. 061, Drunstioret Ohiet-W'wr Deut14140 Etureou of th*dtrz, wit4 the 0.02 Section of Thecif Or* vith Major WSOO4rg of Abe YrD4 )1280, with C01* the tnterrosatiibln Division of the Argy, -AWN torooft tain Sacks of 6* Tau Popo*. '1044tod ait Pettit 20-?. 'spurious other rooeiblo source*, through thito isr3.ius -so * nomtber of prowpeets were wade Available andt aftOr offartt $mut bodloo woroo recruited as Moly proopeete* b*mn tintstively wewiarstood before leaving London that h00 troinlng futilities for personnel solocted would be WC** Vajr alone' Nowt*, Armond 15 SeppenDer, 1.0441 Colonel Woken. held Ak tm ?*rt 4 fltllowinee Gonforenoo with 00ftsro1 tonovantan tia$ h* stated that *II otrth4 **phut* ebould e on.ta tntelligeneot particularly on the *tato of datimolts of rrie4'1,1n4 sad vtormiting Should log coneeoliratod upon weed* who owlo Intittretod Oro the Zino's, 1, Vett af tho 1441200, 2eotiOn v04 to proceed tO e- *orn in Vito siolotAbott of ihe *rim anti Mots and inrceriod Sc lot SO UV the gen0r41 ardStinse forest and At this sowfa7cao* it woo 000061 that _it unlik4 ** .wmid have VI** serven *44 fOttot *001 otoeure tho at vritonsrs of wAr fur nee ?16, agents in P.1 Wort* cOntinuel to the Iieriwaroa grer-Ott-3" dirrineplie Sat Mho?. * ts4 $1' rotoritN?'.?144. Om* at thole *Mt JAPi-AilrImr Soolg Oft ati '14 Vere at 1* Abo intorno& tat WU %be pat ? ???? t . ? A ? NI - f Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 mmaimmimmim., Ii Vne,tql Sto C pr 1 r?req t Ertzah 11:t; , ? :* Germain and thst 15 bodies were take* there 01'\ I proceeded %o take charge and wits Joined by Mr S. In4,ddition we- onlr two Sit who were *was, Jo guards were avallablat al tt was pointed out at the ttlie that sot* of the bodies. bad ;loam frost prIsoaer of war *Agee alba in had lad no (thanes toii the*, and mo X...? e1e4kraneee had been esousedoto ., .L ? Among the 15 bodies was a essoh known *a Iliok -who **looted to aot as a, stool paean. /A the. ease IA aexed to photograph it finger print ea4,11 ot.therc data they requested was malionitted, with a view to 01) ottiferalaoe. At tr.15 point the questkon of etourity ,olearanee , ooze to a ttead, Z was Clear that than was nO, ritot she**104 *Uhler tr.*, stories or the- reteresofi Oven, ere' ot woo and all that eould be dorm to eloot t 41b. tbe franeh aeourite 4i. ttI4r$ and alir?Lown Wee tftLI TWA* ita* purely legative? molowei 4ocorsiti arrive& in rarta ikrotand the iui asTASmber with Dr Ad*** **4 10* pral*I0art *or** boats tfas, oolipleteds It we* tentai.47.L7 deold- sat emt riA at the other 64 ? At v latt xtreagra ettootmdiatiO. *but*d SOMO diatAAV* be .thi WIeg eit 43,10ft VitilOtONV iftr4-1 be mote to .st*1Uih. M tMe.Mst itinti lIii woembot 6 of Msat I 040 sad tttoe stiosiiit to 4 IMO* 4tilitt COIN IVO* tL lt hair itopvii4 to 11611011vOq ferinetds ? ?.1 Orre, 7 OttitO 441 44, IA? - .4kL- - 4"f. ,-???;H"--1 ? '''4.t`;;ril "I Z' ???L 14* .1! ????,. ,;14.r.1 ? 1,44.41104.40A0MosotwriOa'-*4-4 a 4r, ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25 : CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ' , 4.4 4 `07tImi. Statu n ' rt.,.:?/ t st. two building been req,valeirtiorted at Itpernay and ttard on* was ten,tiativisly reserved, atter our arrival, as te? two wk* aort very wall suited for the purpose it WW1 SO WWI* lat a clatter of a week, or ten days. 10 *timers of war who WO been *preened by tip wore 44atversa to MIA Base B. *beet wire in addition to the two brought from It, Gertsalni iMittlU Billy and ?inn, Likewise Men was delimit& troll the Mt 1th Amy. No guard.* 11114 been made availtbie and the problen %.? etterding the man was swats. Om ono of sly trips to Pit enklit.fr, our* No* 7 at ComplAns I mot Colonel Palmer who inforaeCms, that bad toven detailed to ealtina a complete survey and repOrt the use of Gelman prisoners, of war 4111 agents. X* informed that ilatd ascertained that the BrItish had sort/sued by lutersp. View or essaivinasion .5,1riseusr records a approxliately 1O), (OO Strain prisoner* of war Or tile.* 1,04 bad been tentativeW., ? oeleeted and sent Io a holding area or observation and fur% eiraterting, Out of the 1C4i, le bad been tbi&lly eeleoted, thk, beano at the vete of about 0,4, or $60 ? ? ? ? AA Oolorel Palo/roe request reviewed our wit prtsonere of war shed the problem amid the oonsiderationtillik* toovw.0 to bill inv*1,414. 41140,03.40114 lath regard. to %be mattim31, motteatioe. It was pointed out Wit atm /ID Ofloore or :o *ere dots* the preltiaaary sorsiainc bed 'Ivry 11,0* tato qdr requirements* iDOlog theseelvt* expert* in intor risomers to inta1lige*4* stit4, Also that *oil ofthose thown% migat be of Amtereat to ve, had Inen tifthtth a thIp imull 4 few WskititAl pretilOwit to *sir selection. A.os, rata Imo taw were latotericiristatodi or Prot with an oc? HIGO. tthougist that Oclowel Piaster bo4 all tholes, ?molder_ ser7 moil in Lint tolvt he Sopeared t detlikitely be of the, 440*-: statt, wile** a ootiortehokoivi. re,eivesk should be developed with s $44 And 444100040, 0*4.0401 torlheidiettairi sereeningc end 5:ealiore a *sr (1,A*10444, outtati ? guar** whin need ileve they await be _ - ;I 20 Oetober* .11tOrearski vlolts&- t that Wing oonforoit000, osel WON't it seemei i sosiably .er*Ln " watt. Mike avallsb1eMd that we 1004144 prioossoro or Iwo It Welt istespled wit ostimioto Jr* tbiv, ':0111111. ,,-tte0N - .:1040 ?" 7 .??? ? :ea V ? '1 "7 ' 4 ? " 'r"-????1"1",,FP ttoit .11,..a.0 e ir ti T."; tr .?f,T ?. r- 20.11ffIi "4300004,0r,,At.gmiel - t '1:ts ? ,tt ' - ? - Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25 : CIA-RDP13Xonnn1 Pnnni nnA nnn?, n .0 ? 4.1 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 laltittd :Slut qril" 1-11C..4S .? ? voNd.16?41174Srer.7....".`?,.. Several day* latier It. Itabateupou returning fro* a trii'io Parley banded me order* from Colonel Weave stating that he ? Witmer( advised by wireless of the decision that no-6ormat prisoners ot war would be used among the personnel for the !Mew' trtegla of (ilerm4ny afld therefore *11 $4441oners of war held at s rield base $ should be Immediately returned to the nearest loner at vex, enclosure. PUTUVAAt to these inctruotions I Tersvnallr delivered the 141 bodies, which we held, to prisoner of law aneiosurs ? at Camplenge and obtained their rooskpt. ? C'. 2.5 October, 1044, Captain Maoy reported fop duty/ Yield Base 8 to relieve met and Y pro...46d to 'aria' the fOI14WIng da$. Or/30 Ottoberi 1944, / Val directed to r0000d to Len' on _ beutng mete applioution under date of 26 Ontober? 1:044* th404 4 be retuamed to the Uhited States under the proylsionOk gortiph a m* War Dippart*palint otrealar 041* lia?Mtlit ? DO'f dated? August, 1944. I arrived in Londcn on e NOveuber:: otiw, ? ? t, ".* SI ; '";424' ilgi:444100AVr?%*W.0 1*-V4.4 Narweexti Malort ADD. r.cic 1496.4; travi-igh itlY7 0.400, ? r ? Gt. 4 ; Acccr?c}P. 1.0 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25:S S CIA-RDP13X00001R0001 0041 nnn7_9 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 - mmt ? .1f.k" ? ' Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ntg -4?4x ' Fr= boabSectI Setretariat aavArrit of ?Moor Returning rrmn the Field. A, Me above manttonsd officer, Ccmmander John Ford, USNR, armnot-, Mter of Field Photographic Section, left Washington by alr Aprtl for t!.;e United Kingdom, arriving in Londort On the eit*otrvt or April 6. I made a routine investigation of con.. ditto** Utter. and found them very satisfactory. Plaid Photo- crw>hic wse in Nr.fect Record and working in close personal eon-mot with AdmIral tark and Rear Admiral Barry Wilson, hit Chief* of Statft who were happy tio- enjoy their tallest confidenca. Altto the, tropl, Nmploting a picture tor Air Chief Marshall Douoles: iiead or Coastal Gcmitand. Immelltotelv put In i41,1vttl Lt Utte EV, Cot* ma* emoto theowth ttom MAW *ommandi borrio vheitotrephy for tbal 1?,r4te ttra do tied ex deli A mad otart*4 to work* Otttishr Duttal, 201 havtng mar-Wont m 44to 414 of vory 4**ffi ic141**44 gottco Plotlft thittrgmtgirttliso for mot, ttrft4to4 WI bits oat viattfl Ala 04 migoo4 ftxsd aostor *ow htoOt r tosaimisa 4olic* Og WiNntolms et tlw 04_434, tel. ttvio Pltotog oalftotrao VA tRa4*# MO* Kowss*Oitta *lax pro)) wimtm of tho tvssillt*** 404-4 40.0 /CU/4 kitivtistr tft la flog4t4S ?; Mtn VW Wet-Ur** a 14e riona4fl1 Cb' .14$05 h` vroitt otos 44. ?' len .1a teAlOtopiaph every 0.342. isiroaatOlOczto when an or44a, Do take ere of the 's** I. tvecUori of Golortel in rom Atte, nal& . _ -,a. fla, 'Vs If:41ticlaat ,d'P 4, 0 ira installaloris4 , gap., I enli3telOG Otoveno, famoulifl , 9- d to cover 1 and 'di, ,0,,J 4litt?." -*lit*: 1 j0 OOM 14., ay ? TI .6:44 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and A proved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Atter t1-0 men wero assigned, I held separate meeting' vtth he Nes'', Cestst luard, Army, Canadian, 5ritish, and the diff4rent national camera f;roups. We ran pictures, blackboard .Nketehes, ano I gl.ve a talk on 0.S.S. camera mothods; each talk tezt !al hour sndit halt, They were told primarily ttat they shvuLi show their own particulor groltps at War. They wv,rel hi-hIT enthusiastic, welcomed the chats, and were anxious rar moro.ti, resuits or these indoctrination lectures were nast, sta!sractory, The photographic results of the ae* borne !rtvasion have been a4-:..lainted bkr the Public Relations Orfices the nalpr .kni the other United {tions Public Relations 1A,a superb' I went on the invasion on a U.S.S. destroyer, which r %ftnigvw woulJ be aro., of tho first to hit the beach and where I Afoul?2 in position tri ;et around and tontact the other men. hs lalt.tin4 was rathr soft, as 1 had fllured. We suffered no casualtte otR serious nature. Only on of c-ur mon, John ttStIP? wse blown in the **tor, lost hie os3n*1a amid J:var* but 1)ein.t a auporb swimmer managed to in to amftor, .4443troplyr.I went on the beach and true, to my expectatiOns found tt-at thg majority of my own outfit had disobeyed orders anA 1,40, :me noun the. beach with the -invading troop., I u$i- rlt kIcked them all back on their shils and then disobeyed 0100v3 Ay'salf afrnd wont forward to the taxing of Orandeampi 'Pals wsa tyAoused because I wa* studying inftlteration methods *hiflh ANimht Iter be useg. brip,34$4 After roturotng to* 117 the Aisle were, vie., but Ctie, *4r1.4 bell. The Oerman* td a new typn'ox flare whioh staya saspen4e4 by some sort ,of hest,roplaapion from la to 15 ;Tinutotoi. Jut AG this, time we weveien aonsteAt alerv and sleep wee; Imponnible# I aent numlotous mattstmot tvadenorAl,Wpolisq, of*r tho IhIp*a telephone tOMa ortilmr4 but wao never answered, eor% %two upo. tisael awl Poetin# were not there go we were tyn our omou.is hsal rnn tsM9e ar4adys/4urost but theze paturs h**, not rt trhia r, b f thon loAlled Lt. fterono 44,144 wore lath Commovi v. int* egutoi; Priol*t:ely receive * OA)! 0,6t6i21740had SAWS viral' re Ate t Aga t nvt Ntrodtro Reitintirts ?etty O1 sr 41, ET Siltiwgrimal *biro we staftgl eor fr phc4ogreptir fcr nt and around, Cherbourg; VItov rvfarlOng It full t diutrope ol*fto* htUilf t;he roolobt tl ,,r,.a.ht..cawifg-0-A4)0A4sAVOr er-* Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25. CIA-Rnpi Declassified and Ap roved For Release 2013/09/25 : CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 -*hot* tbe boys lived. This am* thty were oaiftinft over in fives. 4'1 noved moat of rihe Quttit to Dehhaft in the country. At this rlus lab withdrew Field Photoqraphic from the invasion ctmst ;4aick to 4nrIan4 and mm1/fled them to Lt. Comdr. 4pencter, mho Is ,totng the Tt.Ko Coverage. We atarted work at Peterborough !Ind I sco oosttive they are gotmg to do a fine jobs I then re- trnod the United States. 41, the above mentioned, I cannot recommend too hi011y the wnrk ;tone by Lt. Comdr. Prederittk Spenoer? who did a magni- cAcent !oo or staff work in preparing the entire United Nations borne effort. I cannot praise him too highly tor hie work vket in accordance with the wiehes ot the V. 5. Navy nigh Command ftn1 ttrttith Public Reletionc Office, rteoommended him ror the 'd CtMerits whIch I am aorry to eay our Board of Awards ;ay to tomere ., The vork or Field Photogniphie in the United KinSdom it 1)re---ostirc! favorably* noir *re at present working on. a -+otootraphic report of OiCS, activities ikx-the United 414144. aLla L. am sure e- se will com out a thoroughly satisfying photr-p. 1110 dominant. ?Quitre ondi 6 i Chink that 0. tbe Mold under Chi, cepa ft.rok 0,eroughlr opt em4 micovot t,0?, br screw possitAft* *9.31h i* Cho s in the field that might be improye tn general dose remarkeoly well tn Arpsderohip ori4oloAsi David Bruce. 1. vtants434 and 0%7111'6014 'prepared, ? ert. t*. they 0014111, to lukvii trans- ream, n ?Timor* ilm-rf,A oup or sit valkr,14rps mtartUld to 144r,:t.lel 414et roe ?tnta Imicom*4 ad the monk 9 l'ireliticriph one that I *I, 144-11000 to tbo 901 Air 10 taion rot ColOneX UtD1eu1ties. Ne-were ?r Akre dolt; a fin , _ oFt* ..f ? Declassified and Ap roved For Release 2013/09/25: Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 -914e ef004-. Gener..1 Dix:.;v,r1 Secretarioat Field Rei;ort. oy Ur. Ruatington iitArris L.Attacaedjs a report from Ar. Huntington Harris, who sIlloved Ati, T....at, SI bratIca, at firs,. vndor cover in Portuguese Ea t A rtcit, Alle later openly as cntef of OSS in British West ikfrica. T.11:. report contains not ouly Fpecific recommendations far 001 far-riaacning sugge:3tions regarding the rola- Yrts pveenment agencies in peace as well as CncernLag tiva follovo.ng statements: That although relationo betgeen clostor tnan is the cuse with on certain occasions It would be wpory floLd agent to communicate 640MCi ohould be tighteuedy and to do tnis it is Witt O.) Po ono t not directly concerned should * or atioaaL vgatters. eitiona, nrormation should be kept only ti o# ovoratto4 tAt except by explicit instruction tiN4o Dtrtctorw (3) %Kati. ootra S1OA should hale its own atyp 0Plc, internal organization of 068 Mr.dRarris wverte 'r!,0 Mitt/to tor* 00/Washington and Lt government highly desirable directly with the Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 SE c. wiL2 act os agents should be awarded a 34-4tt4zilcz citatLan (naval or military) for services rendered J. Witn resiert?, to OSS relations with the State Department sugge,Ita, tnat complete autonomy of the agent in the field 11 necessary. Tike agent must be responsible to his ml-orlor, In only (with the direction of the organization rescponzlIol ts, trio Secretary of State in peacetime and to wArtIxe.) 4 tr. iiarris also feels that a central planning con- 1ttee3rAfftld ar.d operated under tile Joint direction of th- StAt W.As o_nc. Navy Departments shouid be set up in Washington. t coaimIttee ,411 no intelligence should 4t crh4m4La,!. Thi committee should be responsible for formli- L4L114g v,)gzitai setting forth intelVgence needs anci for poo3 itkr; 41,L L';srttor* In WaJhilagton, al;:l the fiela. /1 W. B. 'antack Capt.) LC. Report Officer Aft,tmeMme004 ? ?et , C - - fkwflite411r711.-!5*1-".71t**1-.1, ,r.,474.15.1.11:1?:,-;.17F.--,,,,:i??; s to: 1 4 ojr?-41 in. ? ,C; - ?tt - 1...31;17#7.-464 "LIT ? *kr " ? ? `',.:- ?? ''.."?;,':,'..:'? ,?f.;.:',.;,:. . -,:;?,...,.... e-, :,?,.. '' le_r.,,,,,, ,', LI; '?I' ?, --,?, t-J-,',..,--, .4.1 ? - ..:: ?,::.'...,. ,,?.-,:t.,......r.,,4'?:-..$ :;`,1?`"?5,,`', Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25 : CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 r; .0. 64 f uca Office Memorandum Memorandum ? UNITED STATE GOVERNMENT ,c- 51 Ti) 1K:wirier* COIS DATE: 1 Dosasber 11144 'Rau West* SI 15,1 crt Plata Aspect ilbastingtes arris Nom is atilasiked a field vow% siabsittiot Wit asatairtas anis. as fiat sigigiiiisss is horloasesse last Atria* sad iiritisk boat Atrisa. 4:01osasims0 .orwigtv,vro4E,ApoRAVOrturdxsw' ? tf, ? ? -,qt70.1t, '717% - - 7 .2- "- ' ? ? J11,1 41* ? ? . ,441:c. , Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 114 -tir4,rt SECRET 30 Novolottor 1944 Frost Itontington Harris Subjesti Report on te1dConditions in Portuguess Bast Africa and British Rost Africa I. Alms stiviomws Subjeot was slut to Lourenso Marques, Mast Africa, in Novomber 1942 and ramaincd Lt that post until is 19644,0 Re was under sever of another govornment agency. Fr oa Loureneo Marlow* he las ttansferrod to Agora* British list Africa, *tore he held tho cpmn position of Chief, NS Missies. West Africa. U. MIK MORTAngt Subjoet had an open oharter to engage in wiretevor sslismage and counter-espionage seemed in the but interests et the' Milted States. The objectives it 41 in Lauren.? Marques defined themmeIves es fellows. a. Ti soils.% all rosin's strategis information about orirsosoo last Atrisas bly To disecver the nature of enemy astivity in Portuguese In. 10SX Di. ltirktsig tin wreppratiew with is SI agent is Swat AM**, an SI roproweatativi, is the Won et South arias, imp British SIS *ad SON ropresontatiwee is both the tlates,and, op Snot LOU*, the tolleetag 'se 400e. owl Maw& if the instlable "retest* latenowties .I.e.,,1*4 4 Declassified and and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 " P: e? &tops Imre taken *doh have resulted, in the effective citsotruistion eC the sneer orgenisatiun in Portuguese last Atria*. d? The usual work at the 'veering ageney wets serried on. es In Amer*, 3ritish West Atrioa, the usual liaison and ad. etretive work of that office lilk s oarried oas IIIICCIPAISIATICKSk Fres his overtones in the field, this agent feels that the renewing ressasendatiods are in or?eri as Be ions with t (I) It is asasseli that mush 6,4 motility in the presant and flootviik depends epos a clear working uranium*, with the hate Departnent. Xeworver, affeetive E*vexations Irequire impiety autonomy for the agent in the ri14t. ?hie sows that the *goat nuet have satire privaey of 110111111/040640 tisiios with hi* supierises within the ($1 ergenisatios and that the agent it its riespeasitle *sly to these superiors. Ibteepties to this arranissionst 'vial* tie *a& tear tio,mse rare eases iskere. whether through failure if *So *WO egotatioa or Fees vielutisa of the law if the *Embryo the wiliest has Uwe potestly wool*** or hartstui and the State Departasst ropey, reswPtst- a* ranititt overosmest ettisiaIt mist istervelies (2) The eosplete autesitnit et the field agent is iseediskit is the of this apsitto boom* sit Vol, eeessitial nature of the PriAligs iSSrseks. au* protawialsoal 1,4404 itAiNv porsi. toroollolirr ** iWo Ootiositislly Ib1its figwilos, they min ad* (m4 Wait tor sot tootsitto it prosorriboi locoolkiriires -sad atORET Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 N..1.4.111,-tiktct ctkt,f,k 4'r II, SECRET these butundaries are traced to describe the dignity and rights of the Onited State* rather than their entire interests. There iv little roma im this conception either far SI or for the tind of security within tie State DeTartnent at bone or abroad which is essential to secret ?per- *time, This at aim cite oases where an unsympathetic Foreign Service Officer* under existing arrengenents, could and did wreak important oper- *tie's*. (3) Asemaimg the need for an autonomous SI organisation and sdnitttng the necessity of full integration of all information gathered by Whet4ver source in the field, the direction of the organisation should be wade responsible to the Secretary of State (but only to hia) in pesos- time sod to the JCS in wartime is whenever the situation seems to warrant., Sash WI arrangement would ovoi4 wasteful snd harmful disputes on jurisdisi. ties ti the field between the State Department representatives and SI agents Kali **sure *complete integration of fereiga intelligenoe in %baking- tart* b. lolatioss otko...Goverossat moles Abroad (I) la Oa oxperisaso of this *pato fairs is a groat i:oal of lugteati of Wert tot the eelIeetien of information among various wornoien *broil, eve* though, the interests at wrganisatiots other than *Seto msed OSS aro partisular reithAor than gssors4 ead lams Of IMO le unavo1loh1e, but te ai4nre AOet *fleetly* use of all infeemap ties, WitoWast imoorst or ?pea csairal '4W-dug of all 'pooh iatormatios b? ootiablishod in lnehingtem# (2) 411 tiopoolisry emit Owning simalttioo should to of... Ilasitiagaaa to irn *gory its* of font. latellionso (oport---- la li 14" \1.1 ?fi a.. ? ? s Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25 : CIA-RDP13X0000iRnnn1 nnA int-1;17 n ? ? C. - "i Declassified and A proved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 tional inforaAtien only osoepted) should be sent and by "Isiah I:atoni- c*** moods woed be formula:tea. rt should also arrange for pooling of imfearmation in the field wherever possible.. It should be staffed and operated with the most rigorous seourity amd pissed under the joint di- relvtion of State, gibr aad Wry. so Internal OrimViatinm et 053 (1) While relations between Washington and the field, in the emperiorsca *f this agent, aro *loser in this organisation than they are itt Stem* "sr and Sim, they oould ant should be 'mush *losers The reason ter this is that the agent *aurally works without precise precedent snd is highly particular and seastimes danger*** situations. Very formal re* lotions of the sort that appear to govern the field personnel of State, 1? 4104 Ilavy are Inadequate to offieiont $1 aetivity. Omeswqr of tighten* Lag the connection and impreving the ensfidesoe between 'Washington and the field would be to allow *very field agent of the organisation, the right to 4 emsmon4ea1Ie diroatly, by letter er sable with the Director. It mould be madorsteed that no *bus* of this privIlegewould be allowed. (2) The internal security of 048 should be improved to Nash sztont that tbrYlutely no emo who is net directly ocaserned with *per- stions sitteuItt have any Vmooledge if them. In tho experience of this agent, to defiattely boretwl to the, offisieeer of 'merle in the field ti Zoom tto,t *Wore *Soh he trosto with the "Festoon oirevosorpootien ars6lemi. rAtlivo Otto low aurgiaatism. To the earl ef creator seenrity the orgifedso4144 the tel wise skirold be (.4,) IDOL aportwkilatd istas *Add *we it. ova or %Ow" its aim willows* Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25 : CIA-RDP13X0000iRnnn1 nnA nnt-17 : Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ;404If (b) no operational information should be seen or kept any- *here but 40.t1%. tho operating unit eseeptins on explieit instruction of the (3) If the feelings or this agent are any guide, acme arrsnge- *old 'be sad* in behalf of under sever civilian agents to the eud Vest they oats identify thwarelvils lit having boon slowly oesserno41 with ** wartttheir MS IOW. $uch agents tot nouc of the benefits of .siili- tary servieo mad eon get may of its 11404ps. kt the *sae tine they tort* no very immovable way a desoribing their astivities during the vox sad protably .411 suffer im oessequowse of the 100k. It is suggested .01tot en* way or remedying *is um* would be by oamterring Wage suitably iiiirer %Litto7 for naval deeoration upon thee* spats of *is *lass vilio are mcnistat90/4 dooserving. lb* sitation wculti singly be for servioes rendered Owing Os wart *ere *Pula be no specifieation of the kind of activity uiii/ortickla* it* auspiees* Oir it* tisk* and plase? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 .? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ,OP 2.majagum MOO 110101 Mit it* LOWNIMOSIMPV000. ortmgagme Snot Atria', to invechoor ISO emit remilmed et that poet /14144 $o Imo mew sewer at smother government agenolto Prom Looromee Mnegneo sem trionforree to Amore. UM*. Wein *Moe ikon he WA One goo postgame of Woes OW Stootoo. inet A/Plow 1.1/* I U. 101. Osejeot had am wpm ohortor te wow W 4M~ oowtomege ame osemienooplomege sweet to the hoot inheroeto imio *Mod note** The oft4oettoot at 41 ta Unripe* Virogifie att themootiom no tellomes o* *GUM* *13 pos.1144* otestbegilo iStilrielt tell 1~ PINVIONOWS* ak.St Urtglik. b. I. 644#401W MOW* sow oittvity in Persspeas ? t12.mum *1004 * seevenouon Id* so $l sims* to #*a. Most 60,4*** NO yoproommbetivo to ttioftiols atSi** A074.04 *el it*Ik U* *141" ATS am* ON mimps044itiow is 1100 the Mu am. pwsNowo 0.** oftmt$ tb* tv41**410** Om. 4* Mitift et* **043014o 41.0hipte tmeerimtiem oomeering ? ? ec assi le an pprove or e ease I 09 : A- Alb ? 't Ptp. 4 T: ?t"" I. - Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 4. SECRET perintim.. Disk Attlee 'ma eseervio Mob see iliseerseted Woo* seamy tatteity in Perinegees? Most Attie& VIA Woe Wall et Una AtiVisit? it, Ships 'eel* WPM WO* have remaismIt is the ?~1,* ileefe~d et the mew ecipmelsWites is terOmmemeee kat Atries? fit. Tim weed meet it ifte eseeellag *ow see tarried is. oil Its Mere. Pritielh IMP* ?frt.s svievel aiM seAl eito iskitafirsitlyst vest se Um% sense los siorilmi sae Vrn prraNalliiiMiet Plres bIs speriemee is titoo field* this moot tools thaei tb. itaisetsg nwslIMIMIIIIMILAIRS ars is orders " f"...apieteleetwa (1) It le esameeedi UNA sue '13 *Met* is the 'meat ma Mery *speeds epee Ow seelilsiins&p id% ths Stets Departatist? lhoweer eirse4ive Iepereitise* aeopiebe estimsew ter the spat is the itedge 1%i.some lima O. sem* ow* Wm Ware wriesey et etkesseideso tMaes eatiliiL.espertare *Malt 111 Isternsisetpies sod iikett tkos own west eiespeatillehe may be those esgeottetee 1100041141110 110 oreiteipimemt emthil be side ess4 la iiitrnes PIM woe ibwei til~r Wm. taller* eir ma ~et loutOttes gime iitealehtto ft its* lot Of the etreelmry. the Agont toomu bstootelky erk Itorotei we the lite4pe iltegt~tt slood? troomootito. of resither sopesommon. orinutial iroth tatesPoom (11) The eamplate erioriato ft the MIA *yet ia oteditdo ht the otowertemett ft cilda esumbi botieess of i.eitomoilidel Wow0 et the Ilterellips Wets* alit the oraihossimiet pine* ellit vim titt it perimeseel. fitumigto Sorii Soo ottittmere ere ottiorefrettlIf 001104111 kilkipoWgi titer loot oel, (WI Many OW %outfit) *Alt few mph sti erred ltfootioritreg foe Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25 : CIA- _ ? ? t ? ??JI: eqS t, .1??? 1.4 ? tt ,&???1, r7,7;:..i ? ? ? 4...7 . ,:- ? ' ? r. - = qt. ..): ? .1- - it. 17 r. ? ??? If ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ? T:or 1;! ? SEOR bapoppeprimpo ore troppipt to dosicettobs atissity eM fit&Mte VW %Mod itlitim* rafter *mut *Wit olortb* totoreetts. There to litlito sow In tido ad tot otishor ter SI or tor the ttipt st oosiorit *Hilda SlOorte Wife? allraildWiie ii 111431401*0. ils swot spere? *wok rid* *psi ems *Ate moss *mom set loollyoilothotile InvestiP airld** Ottleoriptwornietto* smottookomito. .4444 oat 4i4 week tepoolloat efoor. Aissootog *We loped tor on omatiommooko oraostoottool sad tiodittiog tiro, aimmisitrC tIU tafoovpololoa 4otioro4 lotortorror ~pip la Oho ft.346 the litraiiiiikt fit timp orsoatootto* okoo34 to solo t000penotiole Ups illooroftry lie moo" say to ids) la sipoompo Um* erg to The At *a vortiopp for likwoomsvo 1010. 1Migit *411.1410 4111,111 omit *mita losetetol, allot bonktilki dertikoo 4111 4$14114 idea tok taie tototi toOmpot tbo IMO tlipOlt000klittlioot Lei la - soots oopt moo* ,fiopipleto it tool. 000.111040 144.14$4.!, los yr. 1M" 4*t44 4 4101141001ft Ot WOOS *al *It 041114**** mesa loot goo orts *Awe 11,0$4110 1.1100114i SON bitaggek* Sao* idOoPthoo, owe* or Irmo et alNih - / ' *I? 4'4 ' 3,4 ries2,11 ? , ? ?.? : ? ? ? g.," ? . , 1 ? ??? ? .-. ? *.gA? Declassified and A roved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ' . 4 r A' ?'' ? ? ?.?. ? ? t i ? ? ,,4?,C.??., : ; Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 SEORE,..T ? timbal tatormatisa may ollesegobe4) elleeli be *oat sad by Week latelLtm game mod* "salt be forma/mt.& It dwelt alas soma. ter 'writ% ot tatermat:An ta tar SUM *homier poortblos It *Mold Imp *batted and operated Iota the mot rtigaromo soomrlty end Oared mad** tho 4etat It. resides et Steam, Mir rod Wavy. *0 liamiaatatiftja CI) VW* volatioar booboos' iskebtalbea sag Or field, /alike sapertrows or at* &goat. aro */***, **US* oreeeteettes thee 'Wry are Sr *tat*, tar sod Very, amp **old sad a14 be amok elem., the rraoru tar tble ts Shah tho agent eseally *rota, 141hoot prosier promodrat sad Sa 1614117 partleolor *ad rammothoor doagaroal eitomitlase. Very fervid rem /whims* et Ma *art tbat appear be poem %he tiot/4 persomaft/ et litate. War rod 1bopy ere lasiegmate to ettioteat SI estivilip eme lay et iSibtee. Sag ft* mosmartles sed tr.s is reeMbriami Wows %Aida*** se, Us tte;o6 road be teeny/4m.y field spat at lbw Orpaslatirs Or rtibt be sommmasets dirroallity Uttar or osigo id% tho Dirostore It weal& be emdlerebeed Mei so doom et 141* poSiotkose ese14 be snesie40 ' ? .-.. . ? ? (b) tillenia Vilairillr et MI aloYeld be*woe* to ow* ea eateo* Von titter4.*Ity eso as* do le eat Olipsobly emelermod iebb ego* ? **tow isom14 leme Isso~ et Om its Oso emperiewse et Okis 4~40341 mamba isa tAor ettSolemoy eig fig* in the MU be loons ibis 114~. *Usti Sks tread ION .001004 eimespielles SOPO SIPM60 OW. 44414A0 411. 1osTipt41ee****6 filo, mil eit oyster wort* *MU Use oolewitsolaito taw telneolft 6.44 be delis 40000#004 Motet." 0.44 ben 24* i emptiOare1011 poolesussit missy Hie ft* 0.1.110 sto NIT r. ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X0011 1 Ia tr' ?St? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 SECRET opratialpel istortotteet **at be Welt er leapt ow Imre Wit vitialta the ormrating 1tterAfiltiag ea eapiriett instreftes. at *I$e 16i,reekketi. CS) It the IWO. We twat ere ear3? 6,440. ease &meow met ettre14. Ut met* la w tower esegAs te the osi gaol *iv omm. limosetiete as *rift Wes 'deftly 4.0seettsel!k- Stk tlitt ver, Seek sigeote gat miket the toesionte Of* . %MT weitikto eedi mai mit Amor at its Mitektipeor At lib* aim* t$147 Awe vh. retry tifeserielikle ear ,st disierfittag their Of lihrities brie; Woe 100 sat proliseaoly Ifl eartv 4ieamesotesee at ihe lotto It le tiiiteete4 *et ISM WV' 11,00/41/4 *MS 300 1110144 WI* esitierthig *ear elltteci ft. oriel dieeerettee *gee Mum. *pets at *I* osompUtorioi dineorialig? Tim ettetterk voile simply be lifer amortitee reikft? V* yen tbasem* ireet4 b s. iteireitteetioa elt him Nat * atiairity eimmettikear.i. aospiess. MHO* p 14,4*. 4+i? 4.-r4 .1, 1 4.., II 4 v t .? v A 1 , 1, , ..? k Altit sist, 4 -T , ? t r, t+r rri 4..".4tylt.t.c.Frzu +,1 'r ? I Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ? ort?"-s to: **John O'Gara Dtt*:12 a. 12/144 g Re:_Attachtd - He cnietarlx and ldmajotJ eepotP of ,Ps /mewled, 'lease opeak to me about tne G.IDWARD BUXTOS 1 , r 1 r r, - ? "let ?3 ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 11/1/44 Derettd glilltanset SECRET ROUTING AND MORD SHEET Aeoession No. ?.. Id. ViliCREIAR!AT Dot* R*e 1111.00.11110.1M11010.01111.1.1.11k Date Itirrev4th rePtir3/4 1104* timeliest*" 0111S? tiro lOst- 0.* , elogiotir**11041414, irioetip-reit t4 eottotoi ? sow oitralit 04,0 vki.1441T,, tort berAfiloird SgE 1,44441 4* tif /0.1W4OVIV trt _ ? . 1 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 F42 f Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 1v-#kr Mr. Williamson: As per your request, I a...herewith submitting my report. I thoroughly enjoyed the conversation with yon after my return liver: the ETN and with our talk iz mind, I have made a sincere effort to give you as complete a picture as poesible. mr poeitice regarding future plans for 4parations has, since our talk, beea changed by our grew + misfortune - the LoOp of aur smn, Lt. Viggo Brix, usta, who was killed in acion over Italy shile on his 34th :filmdom. It was a terrible blow to us, and to me a challenge to make molar *wallah/4i to the country for which my eon now has made the sup- remo sacrifice. Nita! qmprtseioas and Opinions? I hope to have made a worth- Waite onetzi.4tieun towetre the future protection of our country. Thle material is saturelly placed at your full disporial. I tumor at your suggestion, written to Mr. Frederick Shoninger toed vrugnt-no. ta forward a copy of iv paper "Compolidation Opera- MOWS ivk .64 rw.tr t - ta yov. Usy cpresel my leap appreciation of the opportunity to serve ria a aembitt at the Office Strte Service*. :144117-:". Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25 : CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 4,p? of. Ar* Vawid Williamson, Chief Soropeam and Sediterraninn Operational Office of Strategic Services maostangtonl D. C. Dear Ur. Williamson% 7 404 it Chicago, OttGJer BC, l944. X A' 49 As per your request, I SA berowith submitting my report. thorou4hly enjoyed the conversation with you after my return from the ETO? and with our talk in mind, I have made * sincere effort to give you att complete a piaturt as nossibIe. mr position regarding future plena for 06.0 operstima bas, since our talk, heels changed by our great misfortune - the lnes of our on Lt. Viggo Brix, UsAAri who was killed in action over Italy *hills on his 4th mission, It was a terrible blow to us, and to me a challenge to make myself available to the country for which my son now has made the sup- rsmo sacrifice. ? With m "Ivressions and Opinions" hope to have made a worth- aontritution toward the future protextion os: our country. This material is maturally placed at your full disposals I have, at ycur stggestion, written to Mr. Proderick Shoninger In toondma requestir(g, Mu to forward * copy or 4, paper *Consolidation Opera- ttnet in Denmark* dire4 to You. limy I express my deep appeals:dm of the opportunity to serve so *ember of the Offiee of Strategic Services. OKA *It* t02% Arsil,f,tot *we* ChtosiiP Pr* au Nast sincerely, ???? , n 451 .? i? ' ??????-?4-4, ?? ' ; ; ?P???,-.9. 1/4 kre 1, .;?? ..;" ?^ s .4.01 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25 : CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410\007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 -tv,4 At the instigation of Lutere.ew, amd the subassion of 'Area 614 from April 25-26r after $amuel Scrivener, Jr Att ded *Ares im from *sky 8-4une 17, 1944. Was *alertedo June 14th mnd Mew York oa June 22 on board the *Queen Ittimabeth* arriving in Loon t7 Wan, trust %Lwow oak June 29i, 1944. Reported to MD heedquattere on June 50 and was assigned to W. Fred- zit $rI.reith instructions to establish a Scundinexian sectiots fancy' coneultstions with Ike. Rat. Smith I prepared a plan for 'piaci- ortrutions IA Denmark and Solvay infull 'coordination with .the current otall vcopelp for the *040110-100t Of German Soldier,' and Workers' Cosidt- the brooking down of Gerson morale and the formation of Mr. Walter Xelly of Chicago, and after several Oa required personal informtion, I attended wiAch ftnal arrongemints were made with Mr. and flOt tho *Ai TOON*. kit part Of thie Aso Iprodneed leaflets directed at: .tdi* in-sort sad, Worioer pourrting to come. ***east urtini Olosoldiers to fora ooniktik.es,t ut Mj.rsi officer", fiVitins iMP fiterU ism or aersimi? to 000 Tool nning TAT, ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 doemeN 4 r" Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 forelgn workers. -German Social-Democrats through a purported plea from Danish and Norwegian Socialists to take the loladership in organizing the German workers. -Tho Danish tarmers. A series of conversations between a city me- chanic and L typical tanker, who like other Danish farmers have mute good money on selling food to the Germane, and who misunderstand the eebotwur and the neceesity for resistance against the Germans. -.The four *operate resistance groupe in Norway with appeal to consgidate the home front end to resume active and militant roai- stance against the Germane sae the Quisling government. ,A certain German garrison in Denmark purporting to come from another German garrison in Denmark, who had actually revolted against their transfer to the Russian front, urging that they too should organ- ise and demend the truth about the retreat in the last. -Norwegian Quislings in the form of poison pen lettere. Wrote a paper on *Consolidation Operations it Denmark* for the immedi- ate po* ear period. Transferred August 29 and became a member of "ND Intelligence, Research Section**. Wrote A dall news onanery end oommontery, which Was forwarded to our eltrim ?Ma** Did sow vritimg for one of COW German mem Took pert in the weeding out and ohanneling of all available imtolli- room material* Amalisis ot oeptured *new document* and mail. Formulation of ideas Opt *bilm*** Iwo in newsipapars* radio, leaflets* eiokers and cartoons. Specific reamaroh ow !weep% ot other departmm*ta. TM* seotloo also amAntained a nonitering unit of three sorabarsi Loft art Oleo 4, 1944 or to 0* ID* and roportoN1 in Wash. OelkOW cflA 1944* .47.7 *4 0.4114 1. r 17AfYr 11?4 ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13Xonnnl Pnnni rinn I 44. lir 4./ r i ? ? tIR 1 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ? 6444. kattMMOI- Military equipment is plentiful. Uniform is worn only when on special misaions or when assigned to a Combat TOM More civilian clothes are necessary. Autta . A written or printed schedule of sfiTstan, such as police registration, ration regulation, living quarters, etc. should be handed each new arTivsl Waggjasnjos . In order to cower actual living expenses in England, it id nee- onsavy to, allow $100-4150 monthly in addition to the regular subsistence pair, which differs in accordance with the base pay. anglatkuglia. The handling at Dew personnel is done in a very haphasrd foo often son are placed in the wroog pew, and excellent talent salted away in unimportant routine wort. Such methods have proved very dis- heartening to nanr et our mon, and has materially reduced eur effec. t etroek se, as well as micy others, that the London Once woo eaffering from loalt of sadreralve attitude end oeordinsted ltsantort on4 *peaking treslar 4, with folio? toward none, the soli, respostilatirfs this daretion lilts with, MO. Me floith sod his sdi* floors. Wo *Okra sod MIN tredetiek Ohosioger, primar14 oxlp toemastipt e4worsi4ef mad spoilisigp iptbo looks tha prop**, pirOhologpsal Woo" tri too. tO VC, OWN Otos* sat sn4 ott itti too s 001 itittioits 41110444 be aids to yortisSot ? ? ? - 4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001 R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25 : CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 1 Smkth's patriotism" which cannot be qusstioned, but with this apparent attitude' it Om rightl7 be stated, that our offensive wryer really got under way" and the reeult is, that we are playing second and third fid. dle to the Britieh. This is unfair vs intellisent and capaLle Americans 1 1 who *nem. were stymied in their progressive attitude. Proposal* were shoved aside" set with roams and superior arguments" but with remarks ' /Ikea oirs have done it this way for four year*, why should we cluing* ! now?* or *Itis have t? live with the Germans after the war, when you go haslet* Such atmosphere is mot conducive;to spirited production. The London office was overstaffed wasting valuable men and break. %awe been rearmed sr" it poisible, placed with other OS$ units. The staff lacked up-to-datt information on current directives to their work. Procedure within the Ta2101111 groups failed through lack of con. srencee to make for coordination of individual efforts. Pros sir own parlance', as mab$r of tha Intelligence' Research and Planning Sec- tie', I towed that our dail7 conference' I believe the only one in the whale SM orgonisgtion" wan extremely useful in sifting materiel awl Wisest presenting someone fro* going off in the wrong dircetion, mad %sowing roperts en accepted and raleets4 matertal. TWA **dim roStrty imams woof the most produstive units. Its director was 116 WO* 4111er* coo &lag radio west in tarts. ir*iMappoWskists4 umantowild memeraadusa and a moral 44 agolictomak. the wo,4r4 nortstriticao ihccool'Imirt 1 , kit-IL*4* 04+ I 16-00iii?:, 44, 4'. "*""tet44434$004V47"11604E4,4444.10.4441;;," Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25 : CIA-RDP13Xnnnnl PrW /1/1A Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 impoorible task, since many man were not given an opportunity to show their worth. plionWom - While I am not 1:ami1iar with all the activities in London, I would like to give fsivorable mention to our groups working on radio station 0Soldaten$ender* and the newspaper *Nachrichten far di* Truppe0, where excellemt and effective work is being performed. Also in the interro- getird of Gorman war prisoners and intelligence contacts with the 8th and 9th U. S. Ar mr Air Corps. * * * 'r"'rl.rf'404,1i664.4? .fet. ? ??? ,r,...4-1441opeosSig.e4Stirxtfaq 1...tigksroat,4**-A,.: 4.. .0 4.14 - - wo....t000g.o~loatocc.?000kiti4 7.. ??, VP. ?;";7)t-?:' ;?,b?-lirl.-,77.14!1X? ? "' ,1-Lv:tt f, ? -5, Declassified and and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25 : CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 4 S S fRESElfj.1 apikrylt * * * In addition to the present war activities of the OSS at in natural setmemoat be considered A second phase, that of the occupation period, and a third Om*, of possible peace time operations., ftrAggEsligga - The final *valuation of OSS activities as 4 war agency moot as yet be written, tut it will be an honorable ea., because our military leaders haft already acclaimed its tr.-- modicum value, in the war agsinst our enemies, ammelisILSibantAssa . Its second phase of operations, occupation activity, started with the Italian campaign, where OSS Combat same proceeded MC administrative groups end took over ued operat- ed civilian agencies* A new task I* Aow approaching as more and mere Germ* territory fall to tht Allied armies, tattaaNOWLMIL The American people no doubt is determined to do everything itt Its power to prevent all possible aggression in the future The inexiti000 of human lives will bring home to,our people, es nevir before, the urgent necessity of instituting vigi lent maawares for the saintanante of pease and the full protection 1 of our nationol frooftob nod Independence* We cam* p.tm1t that the slighteet threat to our nation's in- t/smelt be allowed to develop into a danger on the oo of the pr000lts doolliot I. moot proper* now to lemurs our notional oatoty in the future, *o moot vootisol Mot tit,o Simi mot 41, gletAl idlooloctex not tr. isiott,044 ogoimotrootbso, iont foosahit- ono at intonational rolatioOlut 4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDPiwnrinr,4 :1 L??4??? a Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25 : CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 .512(.7 in itE: place. That the desire of conquered nations for revenge must be watched and turned to human understanding or be crushed. That recurring friction among nations must be watched and elimi- nated. That political developownts and alliances must be watched for sinister purposes detrimental to peace. That we shall need a well trained and intelligent world listening post, an agency capable of detecting &mew: in any sort of cloak and capable of activities designed to prevent such danger from becomitig serious friction and developing into armed aggresaions 9ecause of its backgroucd, its specific training in the analysis, control end direction of an Ojective, because of the valuable ex- pv-rignce it ts csinIng through the present conflict, and because of imaitIon aptrt fru* any and ell political influences, The OBS is the logical organisation to undertake such work. Its cations must be guided by the sole purpose of ruthlesuly protecting America's freedomand integrity and world peace, novi,r to bacova a party to political or commercial conspiracies, but to funs:- Slob creditatir end in aeoorMance with democratic conceptions of in- terootionml jueties and peace. Its activities should be considered as too coordinated efforts. Tirat, to observe and report, and next, to initiate preventive action. We' ot hoist groups whether , ? t ? ? ? 4, -?,;? `.4 ????., their intent and tactics and their leadere wa.s.t4i-P .",akal**Naao.a01111#441401.0 .? ? , I _ Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001Rnnninnainnn7 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ae well as all !Jailer popular nveenonts. All tendencies within *Lifting and new alliances of groups Of power's The resets and tendv-imias of all existing and proposed conger. ciel maltances end treati., Econoute stab:111V anei tendencies. The tendencies in ell oducaticcel institutions. Tits tendencies et literature, stage, film, radio and press. bilItairy training, eqUipment lnd personnel. LatvgataR_Aalimas. The nature of preverefoive action shall be comprised of publicity, leetutemp film, exhibit. and gnod.will services to public ono conger- eta/ pow*, and such actions es lent be designated by order of the State Deportenat, - All actitrities a* CA OSS agency must be ImPt *Wetly sonfldsntialp but in order to insure freedom) ot movement a cower soft le .abt* f palls gm.. The *pito nay *mar ea * press bitreast. tonsj. orisentapendost, news serviest advettilinir liponor ocommortiad. roprosantatin? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 It' sit Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ,4ky,f - Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 2.4 - Chief, Seoret.ariat It has been requested that the Schools and Training and Medical Services branches submit loint resommenCations to the Director on the question of how. to implement in Washington the suggestions made by Lt. Council concerning the combating or disease in the field. It would be appreciated if such joint recom- mendations could be routed to tae Director through the Secretariat. .; ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001Rnnn1nnAi nnt-17 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 leo otr': 1-7-"Ii';35 ev suggestions me& by Lt. Council awl even goes beyond it. 2. This trainimg program may not have been in effect at the tine Lt. Council received his training. 3. Request that the inclosed pamphlet be returned t* this office since it is the property of Major Lostfogel. ? VISTRR C. M1SAAL ? Colonel, M. C. Chief Surgeon ,e *Alva Services Office ?14 Mit Imiloels 6 treistag Omsk, llsoking,ea, D.C. 10. Mei aserellariat? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ST"ET . ? . ? , ? 4 . . ? .7.. ? , . te beat GO) treitiing IMO,* MOM Vitt") D?C? Somber 1944 Ng:to Chtledi Son+446414A? = 1. Asprovid4 rat diploit samots Triaskisip wax, ALWN Wirt TA lampattre for Trainims '. ,t+-" 1 ??:".:--?,::? :.:A4' es:-;k I Mal est. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Pt. raihrb Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25 : CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 woRET OFFICE OF STRATEGIC SERVICES WASKINGTON. D. C. 4 4- aro'. 11 August 194 MUM Utz DS.reetor TIGICSE: litft?, ca. Carl 00 lieffamma IWO Lt. kitrrr Ge oelessis SailICT2 Assort Om Warn Prom The 111014? / 1.46 NI &steal tor mae the rewriting" training sad leadiag native (taehte) troupe in adios spinet the *awry to harass and damp& all hie imermavatol nth this, Wr 3414 Ma aloe to get imisseittisa a all saw easseatratiams? fertifieatioas improve- mestor smassitiee dive* stereo houses sod to mart all neve- samtos am* if peseitiler to ideatify ell enemy visite involved. Sto Nitu-selt is DIM has beta developed by reseureefal aad ter siallited *MAWS SA *WIN to a very eftteleart ezt?amtv The esseat sad lateLiUsmea wits is the Mad freS Mitt, 101 Ism all mods a time reserA for thaaselveit as tin lowest ervaaintlea? The Cemseeding Calmer* et 011.111% IQ him taloa full aftssedasp 4 Us .St Ibritiela perseaael presses is the theater Awe e ftao vrarlidag lamitsiledge, Una. year* ef experiease, of aU tits timoritery, people end terrain ismolvedo et Wein* led by NM, lUt *Sneers litve oat oaiIi sad vesply Woo seisis ao to asks may ofaiorouts Sayseadlktfai viet?wiss for alliedi military feremo fiditiag So Derma* IhroesPlIttlia St all ate target" slim ems iris' et* the NOW destag last Swiss amp Mit OMNI 101 field salts ea daily imittled tile eitatem*** loreastTM 1144 Osaimatas Ofilier omagosaaesto? ol laaktima dloasatiptian at Ups tarots ttio oral So Odwak 1e rosalto ion repartadi es mot* emir is th? timil4 is *tows. Una haat seta. ore at 1.04344411 sersiosim sad mttimg ? Mitt. %a statarisie as a j5 staaaro umersotot as& bps amipataery? 1131, wok tale Ulf fiat 4/1/111,01 be t e eali moo svmallatitan? I hillOssit tiasic all pooloasuiel seles, to %be tbsilidt Woo esitiais or Mat MA. Maw Woo ? ?41.? ?4 1 45. t6.11, 4".4410:4164k44 ''S). ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25 : CIA-RDP13Xonnn1 Pnnni nrIA ?? ??? rilrahaLvidWaw ? - Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 - -?.?? ;i?? ? i?-.47?:?:?? rt. n-15r. zr:crt-t>4.tf %:31.0-1,41M. in V:P14.,ts /Aobln scadiers have been lost due to ths lack of this. W* lost very frs 'Cochin*, but several Chat we did lose oould have bean sawed if tbe loaders present hod known what to do. Many wee were on the *sick list" a great part of the an* because they knee nothing of camp sanitation and so suffered free dysentery. 4. Difficulties encountered: Sanitation b. Malaria control es The unsuitability of the terrain for loving anything the t a coolie can't oarry? HAMM G. CODNCIL, JR, 2.1 Liaut?t Infantry Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 - 1?4?061.444,-.44144.1004,1ft ..????44 .001141004?00,00404400.440?????40000 044'44* ?:' 4Ir "Mike Mak 211 emorandum ? To learester, 111 log areilloos?Iliepert hold ttesiftteso htemehea to Irby leentrate report ea field eemilittese, Iheteemear 14 te Cletebor 25, 1%I6 CONFIDENTIAL !suit( UNITED STATES STATES GO ItNMENT tiOti r? %TE: Ilereaborr 27, .944 C; c? - , ,?????;?: ???? ? l?-? - ? - ? ( 0.44'04.000#414000....(41WA 444 440L-444'!?4r', 410:' J r? ? :...."- ; :1 t'? ; t-i-- rl 1,.. !,".' ? -4: t 1 -- J -..4....? - 4:rs: ,!,:'...,I. ? '"" '''''., l'' -11:_ ,!. ?,?. ?? e... . ?,.; .? - . ".. h ??? ? ? : 3/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 i. ? - AIWA * 10 rember 1944 ItENCRAND'all To: Chief, S/ From: 1:r. Ray F. Kauffman (SI-SAC) Subj: Report an Field Conditions, February 16 to October 25, 1944 A. Personel Activity in the Field 14P _ F: The writer has been training personnel, organizing field problems, and then conducting agents into enemy territory. He has also had charge of the planning and organizing of four missions, three of which were executed. These missions were carried out an two SA1 patrols, the first in July and the second in September. See operational reports (1) Ripl'y 1, (2) Caprice, and (3) Ripley /I. B. Progress of work The results for the most part were gratifying and con- slaerlible information of value, both military and economic, we obtataed. Sixteen indonesians were oaptured and brought back to Ceylon; five of these are prospective &goats and two have been succes4f011 rlintroduced into Sumatra* Two wative canoes mere brought back, both of which have been irmluab14 for subsequent operations. A radio relay station has been eatablished in Sumatra and to date every schedule has been made with the base station at 'r inc Documents* including personal passes, ship registration papa.s, smell boat certiflostes of registration, crew and carp maalfeets and many other mimeellaneous papers were obtained. Japoseee eocupational guilders, clothing and personal effects, wore obtained end have prwven invaluable for the estab- Ilatimeat or clever for agent, being latroduced into enemy territory For rOi1 reports en the seemplishments, see operational marts memtiomed AA *A* above. - Ae AL44.!H' ?77 ? ? - Wff 1.;401,11*.:esieitAg4 voler 5 Declassified and Approved For Release 201 t 4,1 3/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ?-; ?1. '7 1 A ? -? ????? . ? ' A 4??? ? 4. 4 , Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 IOW 4 ?. , - 2 - tql, tat.?????-???,,.--.4???????4?44,..4?4?? :41 ? 's C. in the Fluid vihich mit be roved Conditions /nth. field are good and the machinery is there and well set up for execution of all projects contemplated. Some zild friction exists among the various branches regarding their prerogative, but the writer doers not feel that any handicap has been placwd on say individual or group desiring to do a good job of work in the field. Morels, as in any outfit, ia in direct proportion to the amount af work an head. Therefore, because of a shortage of transportation (see ItrOP below) there is a normal amount of con- plaining because several individuals feel that they are not active enough. 3orevars, it is obvious that if OSS is to play a major rote Ln, SW, considerable backlog of men is necessary. Also, note peire-ouriel arriving in the field cannot, except in rare instances, expect 'modiste and axciting action, D. eitio Difficulties There are twu Tljor diffioultiee (1) transportation, and ( ) good Agents. (1) Trunsportation is short, particularly for the southern part of tho Theater, wimore 4(g met be used. Mfg can be used within their range, but for ilmiouit reasons are a poor substitute for Alts MU has an elaborate program for the use of their awn shipm. Iltkeugh the writer is not fully informed on this program, hes feels that its ovoutmal susoosa at this tto is vostioaabl*. Muss advance balms* lam. The Andaman Islands are taken. their program should be extremelY effective. (2) Recruiting of good riots Is a difffonit problem , booms* thee* are nat enough of them born. Further, it Is extremely tiffloalt to ladectrinato Ortmstals, sho are apathetic, passive, . sad abort smtiroly lacking in aa w Orem( motivating form, such U hatred of the mow or a matioaalistio or patriotic spirit. Thorofare patismes and umderstouldiag are ossmatial the part of Was (footnoting Offloor and porleaal friontship and trust will vs, a log may ilk overa;miag their lack of other mativos, Te vs-um swan* that more comootratod effort 'ie. mad* to rolrott *gots. thc, ocoupiod osfuntricoa, and that Uorks.caakidzig ,swojeot* incluied im all 11/14 *pantie= gatkorevor psoolible, ?"?,,,?? .4.11! ,T ?4. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 er,Fi 71?4,9r, 41 g:".? * ? ? 1 . 1 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 \ Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Um*a. atiashed Stela report lit Philip D. Ousniwrilowlak ft* avitemate at ibis report tie earlie, 114 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 .7" Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 trimadons. sows Ns. et ce Memorandum ? UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT chief, SI DATA: November 24, 1944 De Detardelebom Philip De Garashosiek amt his report en Fielt Conditions / hat,* ma aommrst to make ea this report shish is lath- oat c.1ae. it is formerkied ealy to emplete the reserde Mire evraekesiok is a jean *as et tvestroesso oohs sow reervalted by the St Wallops Soetioas St, im September 194Se le arrevod at Dart ta liarek 1944. At Bari No roasimed,apparently sithout antis* et say hapertemeo,mtlil his rotten be Waebiastm sm Sevember 220 1144. Proper oortboillgrois the 11e14rep*rts that Ouraskevish's saaser et porteemasee et the duties assismed to Mayas mantis. thoterye To will he separated tramOSIsitbeat delay. ON" /..tfi,f3 D. tell? ? 1 alahr 40a0,000.10.0Skt.00Weifie.044.300404,REN0,09400.000 ?- .,? ; a 4 ? - "V:!: L.0,41f0121.0... "44114 A ?. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 OFFICE OF STRATEGIC SERVICES alMNSI?mumamlal? ? icrlcet( INTEROfFICE MEMO Ditiwt*T. Js .,401 Chief of II was: 24 November 1944 WOW Philip D. Guavtotkoiimh, aspOrt :a Irield ComdAtlacs `? Ao lha* I did in the fie14.1 Meat of my tine is the fiwit vas spent preparing to go on a mission. My activities were therefore mottly connected with schools and training. There were two radio schools that I attended one in Algiers and the ether in Bari. The mall otheT course I had tokenism; paraehute school was solely under the supervision or the British dray. Avery teall part of my activities upon first snivi* in Seri was to interview TUgoolar prieonsre who had been released *ken the Allies liberated certain places. Thsee mon. of course, were prospects to be reersited for tagoelsv. X. le....the MV paraeaute sod radio trsinig were bot t completed in Uri. That Is was released from beth schools supposedly prepared f*r fieldwork. obeervatieme est * inlets of oomditions in the fields 140* first arriving ia Mae field there may have been certain diffi- culties that I might have been soar* of. But after almost a year. It wee otertairly ehileue that theme difficulties were ironed out in dee *tee,* tittfintltims in the fieldviHirtiloh Lerimmtaa beetums wares ow& C. ober** Ai" 0/ /414;ba t4 Oursekovicik .????? Oko011Otrtiol.' 4111zarAWItirigik00???,..c...e, . Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 41. ra'"*.t.? '4'13 .11117: 5.`"S'1:146114i.' 0 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 4. ? , ; ? " :?` '71! :?-.:.4 , , " ? ,. 1 ? ?;.?ir';':-..-' '': if:$1' ,- ! ., .. ? ii'' ,-,?,:: Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 jr ? , * - -4. ? ..agel) gale* ree. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Office Memorandum ? UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT (".?"- 18 December 1944 4( )( ILL e To V=e TO Genera.:. ivi nom : 6ecr?4t,i-1,t DATE: ??"r susiscr: F1e1,1 RE;-ort 644. B. aoaer Hall .0/ 10//' *L.,%ttached report from Mr. S. Homer Hall Iontains in az:count c: activities in Italy. Mr. Hall's trip to lealterrane,121 wAS made for the purpose of establishing SI desk Ln taat theater. Tirla tenor of tao report is most optimistic. The ict1,7.0 is on of cooperation at all levels, between tke v.triou.I? ues&3 of 61, between OS ,i and G-g. and between OSS .1:14 t"a Air iThces. An example of tLa latter can be found ill ale oklItazion describea on vp. ) and 4. zi1. states that in any but the most exceptional 'ZiA.;02 ,.1n5 f4 illaiLViSoDle to 3end civ!lians Into Italy. Attachment 7,17? W. B Kntuk Capt., A.C. Reports Officer ? "V ??- ???,s: ?,,f1 t?-Reffk. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 nr"-: ? ? s ? 4 - an Fore rer? ? ? ? . SECRET ROUTING AND RECORD SHEET Accession No. Doate Retc'd. SA c /144 r Roca pat* Officer's Initials . Comments \...... , . , . ., ? _ , * : ' War. SI itit)IP -111 r , : , , Per yew sipliture 1 . i tet. Celt t 1 11~~??411.111k00~ 'IR , , .. j . OP r 1^04111. W . . - , , , .. ? - t 11. 1 . - ? 11111111111 ? . . . . 4. _ . 1, 4 ., 1 t . .. . .1 , . . . , r , - _ - . . r , .114 tie. adobeiritca to trerrrosiotinti with tositirsivr is To ottitotivw ? ttomit oltoolts 3,* wool impost, 41604it wider gokslt. orguicrit Witirtatow Vitt-,0,ftinkt, fotauld in To catiouct Swat linemo, 41414$4.14 at .4411: t PAO* ear ffltY 110 foot tut thitrat rout inf *twig eoticzirstt alt rikot ;vett t MOM, *bon lit 14 1.116 komee tit comigelitti 00 -OM ittta* 4114.01?' OPitiatiAS al 1-tvirq Li* eitiitr4414 tet 111410141170 grIalt If '4,144.!= Oct* iolocotte ow* veltst*** 0110.1ttit: 1: it I dr 34.1,r To.:1 ? R,aqis*kirtkiaM.:1474,4 4.tt ??, ? ? - '1.???11. 1;3,0 ? I. 414 Declassified and Ap roved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 For Release 2013/09/25 : CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Alormirion? It .4410,4. 47 roma vritk 44. us..,16.6 4 1:-.1tIcL. sts) igo .? 14.7,1,4, ce Memorandum ? UNITED STATES NKENT , r I - TO Dirootors 06S DATE: 24 Sovolaber 1344 OM N 1\1 C VD FR Chide, SI f nitsjacr Field Upset *low Soll 13horo isattaoliheg a mat report andisitto4 by Saw loll sot Ittoolook to MO. ig:111.1114--) 1 ,turt, ? ' ? 44, ' Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 - t. ? qt,k? 24 Noviefber 1944 Ifs T. IL Deals. Lt.. 114.1.1t. intalts R. boor SU striatters litseloa to =TO Upoe ayr errivai Algtors on Am* IT. 1944. I teu* a.Oo? 2S7T`th OW (Prow.) t* a easplato *tato of flux, due to mouser: proparatioss la coanostio* witk the regpesatvs transfer to San Weis, Despito tio geseral oesatastea, I was ablo to dig up *sough Swiss aakleo ftea co yot aapaohot riles to sake the dissovery that operetta** ? relataill to Deno. Settserleat, had hoe* ovorlookod. lot because of sitgloot, t tarliavea bat larsa417 ism to tb. fast that no single tadtvidual bat 11100111 eherged with the duly or sotivatias Swiss infenkatioa and seggestag sparattessa. teammates had be passed along to 0-t is a dtlatot7 nanior b wane to "roma II who happened to thi:olz amok and such so its. night be valualils. sod a fens pia-petat aissiesks bereft to %rasa bail bows *arriori oat is Italy. Preottsally all II duty orate to la halt ittoriag the transfer of porseamel sad epoodpeoat to /*sly. The nem wes stisplatat 1141 Jely 10. although allow filo* sad squirms* coatissod to triohlo Lti, tor sass time wooks? After 'steeling* a typewritimpeiddsh I stood for about Ursa* *sake later eine the trepply Miser diseovered ay thoft--aod without seramtarial assist's**, ex Wise ass sot wp is ***Janette* with Oaptats liastarsts, Italiss SI. as& Lt. Sal losissess, fresok SI. This sot-re paved mmOr-aky bwmattelal all *moa4. vs debst stops, a* I saw tbwa, versa 1. To shortest Oa pubes at 001141111ilatielk fret kris via Ban Lade to Operations lases is Stases Mawr shosibers potato, Deri? (It had prowlawaly taboo 20 figs for sparatissal plass to **oak the sotivoldag *sits, Goupasios "A" .siA 1019. l olistutiug previous dollops eat issoisotraklis *Aft basoniass tissi sassiessii ta tramasittal at istoossitos was out to *IS itsyskp Ulm sr esparto* it woo out still fortiori 2. To ostabliak rolostioss 04, AIM. I. Toi relsktioss milk Or Air Verso, AMP? SECRET Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25 : CIA-RDP13X00001R0001004.1nnn7-9 PP,p, Declassified and Ap ZS. P ? i,f---7,--4.,-,z5-Z;:ri:VA:`"i".:',J":-N*4 I found 3-2 henry tor istolligenos emanating fruit Switsorlaud. A shortage of transportation within OBS did net permit regimental headquarters to assign the Swiss Desk a jeep. but 0-2 solved that little problem by orderimg one of its own *Maori to milks the two sad ome-balf mile trip trot AIM, Caserta to Sae Lesion twioe daily for the sole purpose of pita g up intelligent.e items from the Swiss Desk. Nes?* the close of oltstiosien, I paid. my departiag respects to 04 and lecot them Wormed N.hat intelligens* earning fret' the Swiss Desk, SI, 101 by far the east tmportant information it reoeived free vsy sours*. Offieer* Lir ftroe were far more cooperative than I had boa* lod to suspeet. Within a short time, Calomel Hull, Chief of AV Intelligens*. after roosivimg a frank *tory of Swiss-ttaltan OSS Operations, agreed to plum a squads.** at our disposal upon oall. Lt. (Jr) Robert ftesbspek. t13D. who arrived to assist no and later take over the Swiss 2e,164 rnasequentll had as many as three and four squadrons placed at his ocesasad within three hours of requests. tipess agreemomt by all hands, it was decided that SI sad $O, Italy, should be *to:related with $I sad SO,Dame, with the he04 of the 9wEss Desk, 21171th Itogi., San Luoiair &sting as a sort of "Waimea of the beard,. Tor the gent week or tom or', I praetically attached vomit to Italian. If, end, in ecapasgraith Captain Mutest* and Major Riot* of that latter *Doti**, went to tha, field for the pmrroas of viewing oporations as esarrted en by Captain Mhz Corte and Lt. Jinwasts, oessaanding Company "A" sod Company *D", respootivell. yir admiration for the we* of these two last aimed *Moors, their commands, and the whole pioture of Italia* SI is umboundied. I reported at length on this matter to Mk. larl Drennan in an ~nor muserandue that was routed through Mr. ihitmoy Shopardooe. Without the seeletemso af thesesems, it mould have been an exoeodingly difficult teat le astablisat a *wise Desk in Italy. Subsequent report* fres Li. leuehope. end achievements resulting free the merger of the two Sections, aro preof positive that this* harmentoue relationship is being maintained and that MI, timss sr* imaist nackitrstry, if you'll pardon Ole sliehe. r*ILmsing the Ulf north of Immo I admitted three reports to Ihdiagsactowss (a) Usweral leareafiradatiews (111) Suarstei Plan ter e*trelistian of amite?ttollos aporotieses SI; (0) Suggested Flea for Corr,Asides or ardalwatoratiorrh les Ina Ns* alight Om.' these 110,41 s000rte4. oboe* the signature of Dr. Rogimold Poston ideareshile, eight eleeiese to lowlier* Italy, to be lod *yam 1.004 Owitisorissito wet* trasseirtyg to Ursa' The ohaneaft, 1?111 moor** tiosoastiely alai Ilak4di atedOillf wors laid ono Iitriso trourtia*, %ammo, gemathers Virkorts. *vowel eo *woo Os gelato look fampletod borers I lett SU Elotiltrof lord the *Uwe* tfloptittor ittb. saw s4ttJ Eristratioars ltavo AssiP Ise* tirtesebili iresiosostva einelselowo " -* "-'-'"e.rd,"-',ed-,-wklwe,c.ritiolVIA-PkRiTOM IP War+ 77, -0 appigmeww4t4tmagwmosummwoNewamsowillio ?"i nt? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25 : CI4. A-RDP1 qwww 4 ii Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 - 3 From the sanest the Swiss Desk became an actual fact, cable traffic *oared. Praa about 13 Eu1y, when Berne was informed that the Zesk wee ready to do tweinecs, to about 4 August, mare than 390 items of intelligence were received igroa the field via Berne. Over 95% dealt with 80 beah targets, banb damage, train troop movements. Reports on war plant ?redaction, etc., comprised A% of the intelligent*. Less than 1% consisted of miseellaueoue subjects emit as *new morale, enemy code nanes, etc. The percentage breakdown by countries shows the following distributions $O, ?rano. 30%. Germany 10, Austria 0.5%, Gibraltar enemy sotisa ftlend 0.2%. Lt. Wauchope, arriving in Italy on July 15, assumed charge of the Sides Desk :on or about Aaguat 5. Judging frau same 16 pouoh reports received tram hta sine. that date and word-of-mouth reports !ram various idmale returning fran the field, the Swiss Desk has become one of the nos/F.-if not the nest importeat--Osaks in the OSS jurisdiction in that Theetre. Thelmirhighly illeminating reports, now being aeld by the Swiss Usk* *atter* Surepeam Seetica? V/, should be read if Lt. Wauchopets commendable activities are to be fully appreoiated. There follows a single example, from among maw, initiated sine. thw esteklistment of the Swiss Desk in Italy' On September 9 Italian. Partisans were badly defeated by the Germans at Cannata. This was serious as it meant the Partisans had lest acetrel of the Swiss border. On September 22 the S-siss Desk reeeived word from berme that the Tel D'Ossola beads planned the recapture of Cannabis on September 2S, but needed air support; they named targets, certain boats en the lake and barraeks alerts the shore line of Maggierre. Derse asked for reply by neon, September U. Lt. irauehepe, after oeseetatiom with Celenel Redrige, presented the request for air sippert 40 Motel all, Chief of MAY who obtained the *emending generare permissiom te dirmst ISUIP to give the neessesry import. Due its foul weather the morning at September 25, MAW stated that the missies Gould net be news. Later the weather cleared, however, sue the eforetiftwea oarried out. The efriwisl report hoe Perm followai *rso Woking was a smaploto sueeess. Landing stags* at Luisa were destroyed sad six lake 4100sesere dime.* at the pier. A large stesoor serrytig $00 twist? was weak 1z' the labe est the Wise brameh Gotthard railroad 0'4 0.4 0'440 e-.44v...,*,44.$AM-1#011.04 WOO , to. ????? q StCi-ft. , Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 totoodigateemifi \ C. 4: ' Noo Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ' ..V`-- 4.11.414r".. - 4 - line Ins umrocred but not .aeriously? The haebiss took pia** at the came time as the Ikarti?eas sattaekr the recapture of nansobia hbisg sueecesfely aeiempliskeds The l'arldsase are now in costral of the whole testa* to a point *forth of Tatra. Ass result of this operation, morale has been greatkv raised is all of slorthers Italy. The Parties** are grateful for year lacadiate reeposse to or cable ???* This single eptraties has boos reported as successful frea several potato of views (a) Cassolota law recaptured sad ?patrol of the region mobs wres1ed fres the 441111112111 sad !sae jets. (Iii) Morale was raised in northers Its*. (o) CU presties was boosted in norther* Italy at a time wites IA was badly seeileds (d) OSS care is transmittingall tarp* istelligesee to SAY, both by Deports SiNitialk disseminations amid by SI lista** daily, has paid off is valuable VW cooperations Orteg to the fast that my time in the BOITO was United, sad that I: was there to do a particular job, it was soeessery that / keep sy nose *a LYt1i5 S. Therefore. other than to sots that the *orate swag ivalikete?Cises and /weer rank *Meer* w s at a low ebb, I OS lilkaable to make Ivet ow* reams:scuds-tient It wears to no inadvisable to DM *twills* mos/oeer vales* tiwy are is the *scare* estegore *lass or Alin a 411011041 military beshgreassita to the Italie& theatre of Operaticuas Tba Italian show* as operated Akelli I was there. weds strictly military sat "goddess,. 1 strillams* were at essolihisi of a dicsdrantages The Theatre should be lett to the milltery? There oat but three seeds for the Swiss Desks Italyt (1) loolgoomist it a jeep. or Wher meter votio2of Woolly to this rook' (2) Aeolosiesit at a ipoolosot or first Liowtonast to soloist the goad of the *Wk. (3) Atilgematt of a soorotaty (folualo) to vtostly dirkr with the DoOlu ?too latter 000 moods are Wag takes *aro se, the film* is *matter sr le little **operation from Traorportotios, WO* 044 Serithlegimesto OSS (Prov4) at OW Imolai ? t'? tosmiticot* 11, ?F-FF-p- ; 4 . Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001Rnnninrminnn7 SECRET er.-. ? ? /. igititk.10""?"10.1 c't , / I. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 \ Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ???". 474- Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ..???1?Aohm.-010.1L?01????? SFCRET /).-1 r 7177.7-farr--6"? November 30, 1944 To: General Erna* J.Donovan Frac G.Edward Buxton Subject: Attached Re ort-Geor e 0 Pratt presume Mr.Pratt bas seen the elcnange of cables between you and Bruce and Armour, relative to mall communications. The attached cables are to the point. I think also Pratt's comments on transportAtion and communicatioL should be given to London and Paris. So far as the comment about sail ed an dealing with German officials is concerned, this can be mot, an he suggests, by amotlorising tnea to operate In civilian clothes &ad under civilian cover, / would think SUCh cusviot bettor than any tilitary rank other than t of field rank and I think the Germane would be :Awl as reluctant to deal with a second lioeunant as a corporal IR matters which involve collaboration of Labor units, AtitrealhOWNIARW1444i5Miliki 141611401`, Ott keg n????,-L. A r f J, ? A , SECRET as Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ? .? Declassified and Ap?roved For Release 2013/09/25 : CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 OFFICE OF STRATES/C SERVICES WoamiwirrOm D. C. Director *t Strategio Services Zief, S/ - VIA Sxmoutive Offioer, SI ?14 ct F SEUittj.-- IS November 1944 Mais Goorge C. Pratt SUSJSUT1 Report on Sield Conditions t* As Chief of Labor Divieion? Si, ST00 I have been qurrmatly engaged In the direction of Labor Division operations in the Z. The Labor DiYisice has been primarily ensaged in work direatspi towmrd the penetration of Germany* Several agents have boom di4pswhed* ,;onourrently reports ma a number of intelligenoe ragreets have been furnished to the Reports Division in Paris and Laadon *ad have tmen disseminated appropriately. 3 ds 4.. Transportation and oommonioation reports the primary hellascholl in the fields Often it has taken three days for a oalde frms London to Paris, four days free Paris to Bern, eto. Mall tram London. to Paris require* from fOur days to two *1103. This Lsapperently loomed up in Army red tap* - Iva* it *enact be snot/0.'1W tee much that tho holirt of an intelligence servibe is sommunisations, and milees these are the best possible, an inte*ligenoe *mem? it osAsik. Rut transportation and eommunioations, though the *sat imporont aro mot the only diffioulties. In Parts telephone &maimataatton ? biegen lacking and it has been eliffloult.to get alothinc empplies tor our agent personnel* The handling of nail has keek mossy. Stoyo should be takes immediately to authorise the use (*feast, mail oidreee other then IOU Deteshment. sob only for Faust insii also staff per?dinnel. This ditleit sees muoh is London Vot le too obvious ter staff personwil woricing up forward near the Ispramm ltnes* If, have S, aiOms etres4mmonts aloe for hewing ammo of ftr sAperioao We work es alai lags* Apparently we malt get thru 00migtfatmas *a4 that Isot $* Wilda* a wino ?' *04 is their viork? t 40k1t WRVS %oat 0.4y, oaast or 400$ try or ?. t they ire taaperamOnta. . Our emoirglos at mt. et ove mom et ens * rospomeiblo oftioiel ,'41pelamr Vet olva is OW* ttoepors1, to the Voitrely appromehos the Amemi h.* *owe m ftrif loot millosto et ieORot that the limited SUM* , :47todi 10447-.4.1 ,loskt.o. ; Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001Rnnn1nnA1nnn7 "A..01110% ,..001111 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ?,-31, ? ieport ?la Field GOP . 15 Nov 44 era:, sends a ;:orperal to J.,1thJs supposodly Important job. he would gel; a It further if he were 1, officer. Failing that, he has to be given wathority t.) work as a ,J4 V Akw- ,., IS)? ' 4A-9 ' ---.4d-r-ir0471Wir/Runt, 6 Labor Seotiont SI TO ;11 3,:14?li?:74.... :Ma Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 IWO* 11 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Its Dareater of etratitta gerviesi Vie to SI VW liesedrive ruw POW 4 141, 111161191t1 aepart ea rt Oisiditisisee Vie VON 4st 666.06, is tie itt0044 atliAssi Wik 100010, rtashior 10044 Ur* itea loorsiorit 1110401 seats 104* eli WOO Of iii0034/41.1000 OA?* sra?-? " 4 .;=.? s...) lismoloor 11144 II 16 SP. I ION* Wm et UMW eilriatga 410.011401100 - 1 , ??? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ea*. 11119011 1110,14 assiliteila Mr SW 414 may woes esrpors1 do *SA hipertaait job* 114 wad fit ? 1/44 firths, St vim ea 411140ert 144104 *at, tuie io Om, 'Wawa*, ta wpirkt ea a 6$41$04, t.., 141?Vst %sties* 5X VIO WrslittOm4o r:. I SS ?c4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Office Memorandum ? UNITED STATES GUYER: k " r' Direeloor 01115 DATE 25 Nervember 1 rxost Chiot, SI 46 ,)?/ E k # ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDPi P ? ts,Pi? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 k+r onr?OVN? J ISAL44NDUl4 MOT OFFICE OF STRATEGIC SERVICES WASHINGTON. D. C. Noverabn- 22, 1944 res C.hief, SI Brenohl Washington, D. C. Attention, Exeautive Offieer John q. iayes, Jr., Captain AUS rwrjlljt 317BalG. Report au Field Conditions I.at the 4fficer or Civilian Actually Mks leen Doing in the field. Reporting Officer sated as Administrative Officer, SI Broach. London, tram September ZO, 1943, to October 21, 1944. As such he sated as 44jutant for Vale Branch* His ?Moe prepared all requests tar tral4sfer of personnel to or out of the Branch, requested orders for personnel of the aranoh. aesisted the Chief of the Branch in preparation of Tib end control of ammo, prepared promotion papers of 7,erskynnel of artnch? prepared Warning ReportsN Branch Orders, personnel Report .r, arranged transportation for personnel. Section conAlated or two officers, four enlisted personnel, and two female stenogrsphers. The Administrative Office had under it (a) the Supply Section of SI *ranch* consistin6 of OP* officer and two enlisted men; (e) he Ca?)10 Desk, consisting of the head of the Cable Doak * two 44,7 m$aistaaAs. istpro civilian assistants, and one enlisted man who sat-gd as ;okitior end helped wIth filing. 2. :h* Prneress of the ?fork, ac Well as Any Achievemmsts, in Lts Pert:cular Activity in Thal neater. Oen the Reporting Ofticer arrived. In London there was no /AMU, VIM: v* 4octian within the SI !Wallahs The Brarcsh oonsistsd or 1-240 *IA 014~00 about as Many enlisted men, and possibly twonty- Mt. assortsd Weill-otos* A* of Ostober 24th the Brattish Gone /tea " "44W Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25 : CIA-RDP 1 3X1)nnn IDry-If-II/If-IA A Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ?_ - :LI approximately one hundred officals*, une hundred thirty-nine enlisted personnel, and ninety-six civilian*. The 4dmin1strative Office* SI 5ranah had sradually taken over from the Adjutant, OSS London, *nd the Services 3r8rob 3SS, the serrloin6 end administration of the persotnm 1. ConditIons In the Field Whioh Might Be Improved. 4hatevet was accomplished by the Administrstive Section, S: ranoh? was with to assiatanoe of the Adjutant* the Supply -Iffteer* end the Services and Security Branch* OSS London. This incsion ot the dranch dio assist in makin6 the Branoh a more work- able amit se it grew -- could eiulp and move peraonnel more rapidly ths2 if me ?Iasi to aepend entirely on other Branches of OSS -- and was in a better position to keep traek of scattered personnel and service tham than the Adjutant's Jffice wee. A. Specific 14fficultie3 in the Field of Xhich He Nirsonally Became Mare. Oftfionitiee and shortcomings were* a) Constant shortage of administrative personnel Caws to T/0) as the Braneh and work grew; h) The feat that the Branch consisted of Army. ifavy, Min* and civilian personnel made administrai. tlqu naturally dirt/mitt o) Nith evrey (Menge at the top of the Branch thaeo were eneuin periods wawa, the chain of oommand wcs airxt idalerri clear and there followed a alowitteup and diseromiaation at the adsdnistrativo Iowa; di There l& a real need in the Branch for a fizItas experlenoed PorsoansliOftioor? The Admlatstrative gootlaa was doine some of the work ead Wajor Cohen was dotn4ai port-,time pcvsnnael ?lob along with OA*r responsibilities with the result that there was overlapping of jurisdietionfand daviSSos* were not made and proper reeord* were not matnteUed. el Mere hiaW an established chaft of oomand Witwaint ti s Atalaiwtrstivo Offiegrand the Saftcwa4o* .4ficer la transit* alsd all ordsrs sod 444,rsotivvf to tho kdadnistrottvo OtTlas should sows ?As-Parr-fit K.:use:Ili, 10."' Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 :Kyr t.5 -;etrr, V!,eat-t , nt 1L-r? ' tram or el.ar throu& the Sseoutive Offioer. This would rave L=mh duFlioation of work knd oanoelling orders. rn ;Vs J. G .7"74-17.g.grYk.-- Cdir& ".4fr#41Crdie" J. R. Jr. ?,) !44A01,41f7: ? 4;;;;1411.: Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 :14 v?-v_ ftt _ C." ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 4- Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 .- /.477/ y r-ilt K)yAAJ 21 November 1944 yed Pc% t XI:71"Is SECRET 11.0: The Director, OSS Prost: Stuart W. Rabb, MO Subject: REPORT ON MO AND FWD ACTIVITIES IN FRANCE 1. At the request of Kr. Morak, this brief report is prepared in advance of more complete estimates which should now be en rout* from the ETC. Mr. Frederick Oechsner is now in possession of the Hollander report, a full description of PE aotivities in France, and a separate report on the contributions of MO to the Psychological ftrfare D1a31021 t ell livels. 2. At present, (O, like mTy other regular military organise." tton, is bringing to bear against the enemy in the ETO a cutting edge of apparently mall dimensions. However, it is thought by regular Army a.Licers that this cutting edge is no more out of proportion tothe main 'hod: of the orgmaisatim than the cutting edge maintained by an Army, for instance. There are three places in which MO is conducting operations against the enemy in Western Europe* (a) Through its contributions to PID, particularly to co*- at tem2s? In terms of well-trained ptrisonnel, MO is conducting an extremelyeffeative *white* propaganda campaign against German troops. 033-40 has provided all key personnel and most of the hulk of Col. Powell's 12 krmy Group PW detachment. This group has done and is doing AhIghIy *Mott,* job in ell of the accepted media, plus several new ones, and its value has been recognised by Generals Bradley, Sibert, and Pettom in signed statanente? In addition* Divisional G-gts of con' bats outfits have gone on record In writlkng with statements praising PW operettene.n Zo'Ultbutions to the loWD-SBAEF consolidation tuns* although ebmlouclysmaller tit term* of actual numbers* were surprisingly runt* Of WI* three PWD-tRiEr consolidation teams actually in Prat, the= commanding *officers* of two were 083 men, and Maro14 Volk. (4. tb, Although It got a late *tort* Major Stacy Lloyd's nblackw euttit* attached So 12 AG PW under Col. Powell has dons and La antra/oily offectlive job. Co) The WO *bleak? base operation in logaend has continued ec tit1oak efreetivoly *nd tell, wo7king smoothly In cooperation with WA* Orttialt since several meth* before Di/4*y. It is understood that Lie atlas la being enlarged and expanded at present. 16 ?ha ittfloultios nradow "Mob both /VD and MO have operated liale* 0044 sassovoug. Ma retrespiet* however* It would appear that moo. tieto condition* whieN tend to hanaeap operations of this Undo IN... a 1i) & leo* at di and asap:Leto devotion to duty by if ($) ler, We tell all le l of the v.r the or IV type of wer arc. ti""1 S i K , 1. 4 '410.....44.41,....4401044., ? eVioartwow.ilemeice 4 Via3/41,44,4131~Ali ftS402111,430.4 W0.4, v? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25 CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ? .1????? :14 . 4 4 t Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 I. errardMallilbtala&bra&Mr94010464...- 410;rtunately, that particularly during the early days in France, oertain ind1vidua13 attached to P sections -- and this includes military orsannel ea well as civilians -- simplig went at the job in a rather tic manner. Men were sent out on specific missions and in all too many cases, they took advantage of their beingit the front to do what they pleased* makins excuses later. As Col. Clifford ?oxen once pointed out, there never were enough men who wouad, upon assign:m*4RM' carry out their jobs and reportyromptlY back to their bases. Too Li , many persons wandered around Cho front playing 1ayohol6gra1 Warfare by *sr. 434rentual1y, this sort of thing got in the hair of the military and operated against the most Important objective in organising psychological warfare: selling the illitary on what you are doing and enabling G-2's and G.45's to know and understand rhat you are doing. There were organisational difficulties, some of which still obtain, 1r Which Impede full and complete understandink between the regular military and PS. In addition there were the usual personal jealousies ! and ambitions mhich hampered relationships internally and with the military. The military, obviously, is best sold by results, but even !results unexplained are not enough. Now that the operation is being completely shaken down, liaison with the milMary is becoming more and more effective. 4. It must be pointed out that despite its troubled career in the ST0* MO has done what must be recognized as a job of very large proportions. gor stould the personal ditwasiattatut& of returning tourists prevent one from seeing rEtThas been accomplished. More important, those MO operators who have stayed on the job in Washington, ridivg out all the storms and vicissitudes of an agency's career and xistening to our constant griping, should not be persuaded by the long- sced mantry returning from Surope that the outfit has been a bust in the SO. True, we probably haven't done as well or as much as we might have dens. 2ut WO has done a job -- and a pretty good job. And to any- one familiar with tbe roadblocks in our path, it ought to rank as a con- siderable achievement. ek'Vii?W !: I k4fi',",?1. 4t,a`:3;&,,q.404,434146.10,140??O? :???.??? r retr&,.t mirectogrou rzr.mitrtgorrirortreur.,?? t ,1?1, t ? at.,;: &ea ' , SECRE1 71-.4.- ? 49 ?a?A??,%......14.11.118,440421(c&-,..4.444 Nots..&40. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 kt ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 VD Branch - parts 25 October 1944 1. At a, pm) saw, meeting in London October 201 General McClure cad his deputies decided that Radio Luxembourg would not broadcast black procrams. 2. The 10 Winch had, 06 severaloccasions rsquested time an tali transmitter and had filed with PWD ISA Pits plans and pro- gram ideas. 3. Pollowizg General MOClurels ruling in London, Comdr. Armour, major Dibmrt and Sward Baldwin discussed with Sir Robert Bross loekbert eod Gereral Brock- If psi the possibilities of an MO alatk radio broadcast over .._,Ish facilities* The decision mac finally reeebed that U10** radio teehnicians could work out rotor time on the pis tramosittera time that would in no way con - Wet leitb er? Delmer's program, thik MO leanch would move its retie crew free Parte to 'Wet, , and there become operative. 4. On 24 (*tabor Calomel Clifford powell of NOT, 12th Arm, Group and Capt. Patriek Dolan propes4d that they attempt to have Gemeral McClure eaotel his previous ruling so that Radio tommbours slight be used for bleat tactleal broadcasts between the boors et two cad five aidno At a meeting on 24 October with Colonel *mom, calomel powell, Neje? Stasi Lloy* and molar :oho Harris, petite* Dolan, P. Co Osehmmer sed Seward Aldwin, the pollst- er the MO lwommatommisAlair eortata porsonool for this &Wok wore theeseghlp disoossoC Colonel bruits stated it I?h Was that soder the plan to sedum. the NW personnel %s tbil ?beater to a mdnisna, to hod approved a plan strengthening Wet Lloyd** NO t144 mita und Ue Mora of the 1O-Paris per- soma *a &endow to ago.* all possibilities of eperatiuM radio the IW4. Is mast thoreforsi opposed to revising that Oosis ordler m partiskpato Sat the isetleal %leek operative 00immeil *Cop** lolste? 4 * Other re4SOOS fee elopooting te the plan in spits of its 4 treint(*) thiS 111120016 ;mold sot tatdretpask* two opsOatioom Ot 41, .44144,.. is/111..14 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25 : CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ,,,14?, Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25 : CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 , ? with its limited, qualified personnel; (b) the MO Branch did not 4onsider the hours available on Radio Laxembourg as adequate; (c) HO Branch was opposed to further attachment of its personnel to POD SHAW; and, (d) havIrig entered into preliminary negotiations with pit in the U.K. the MO Branch felt duty bound to explore *very possibility of a radio operation in Ragland before undertaking any other commitments. 6. In all ot these negotiations and discussions, due considers. tion was given to Capt. Dolan for the excellent 4ob he had done in attempting to reopmn the question of ttae on Radio Luxembourg. 7. It was clukai4ere4 doubtful by the 088 officers other than Capt, Dolaa that General McClure would, under any circumstances, favor such a program. (signed) Howard 4win 90, -? ??????????????- ? - 14T4- L44 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25 : CIA-Rnpi?lYnnnn Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 51. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 OFFICE OF STRATEGIC SERVICES WASHINGTON. o. C. 2 Decembar 1944 , TheDt rector P$ Prom: 1/4.T...tef, MC no: Fteld eports of Mr. Christ Brix and vr :. F. Harris 416 1. had read subject reports prior to trans" towl ' your ofttce. They are relatively mild a=pared .0 somr or to others submitted by returnees. -e are suffertng 7r1evous ills, dues I think, to trrespons%Ole es :mates of neods arrived at during the early days. 2. At present most of the eXcese personnel has r/rtqraed to thetates, nnl T am confident that Velar Aollor wtil stre.ghten out the situation which onen extremely unsatisfactory for a long period. K. D. Mann, Col., AUS ,ahlet, NO ? *NC., ?-? 3 r.4 4. ?I t. ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25 : CIA-RDP13X0onni Rnnnl (VIA n Declassified and Approved For Release 201 3/09/25 : CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 A.41'4?4tath 0111101?04 'OM 414 oth. We Memorandum UNITED STATES 9,OVER ( Jonov.1: 04Ta: 27 November 1944 t1 Sec-t!triit r.oid Rdport., 1r U. Christ Brix and 144. J. P. Harris 14 0.4;.4c441%1 Ar? two rep.)rts frihm ofricer4 rot4rn1ng from vit-4 40,6TU. g.r. Christ Brix 41.71s submittew rtwort which erittql, tz1. oale detail, itIcluaing obsorvcAtion$ on tne present CJtorv ptolLti,n1 rtizzoorisibUitititil of OSS, as well at3 a oa c.)144u4tt.i ruco4utatdations xi conditions in ne. tht; 1^4,)ort forwArued 0.11 :Jai. S. P. Hams is confined largely . arsons!oL 4fitt oritctiees in MO/ETO. AiplanA aoro .34.4nif'c4nt points brought out by these ortioeri .4 rip 4, A riZ"or gonor41 rroM both officers of Ur. q, Altt04 gaj. durrit points out that Mr. Coith, while u man ortAlt4nt tuckn the administrelLivo exporience nveoluxi 4thie.r of a br4noh. Mr. 3r1x stutea tut Mr. Smith's piorrAa4N towftrqn psywlillocioal warfare has been from u distinctly STIV...v) ;Nth of view. b7 44t.j. UrriaL di4t4r4 d b the) diffinult position in itetsoiO4 Ao, 04014wIr *al (Agouti In W. onniotlag rolcs us Chief Or 414; CiWILIk4 40;04tryt tO tab Ch4Of Ot PWD? V. Brit pintd ot4t. triut; litro Howard midwin and Mr. ti:ukoettsitt 44011114w et Lao twit pt 3p4r kto. ppropch to w..wr 0.11f,10.0. .4.4*%;;10414 4. r^* ' t^??,:- , ? ? I 4 t ? ' ???? ?'???".. 210no 404910.0100kr,?441[?.?"?, ? v.4?,40,4,1c- n A nnt-rwed For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 e NOW* 4%,,As and 1,As been consicier- u.:)14-+-tultir. break-down of morale. Maj. rr-cx1?lar, 'cats 7.1t .'elieves that tl)e f..Lt is lart:ell the t e poor reeraiti.lig i.racticot; in the early days f .401. ;le oAt tliat laneuage quail- f!.cationi Art. of prIllary impoztanco 11 AO rperuiting - a matter fee.; 4.?.; not ocetl sufficiartLy 1tat d. X, j. Harris t.'..tt no fartier per z( , DO sent t..) the tae2t..!:- c..tyt t_oz4e o n.tve aighly sp t!1cLI.1.,ed talents and maan L; 4,:njWi tat oeCinite need existn. Kr. Lirix abserve_ Liat taose rson. wool civilian clu7atzaj tlieater 3noulu be warne6 to provide themselvee 4)e c>r.r.tng. He Pirtier ILtggiastq that. on arrival all A. in:3%;ruction sheet coritaining informa- tion nttrs ,r,)lice registration, rationregulations 4vc4 .. Brix tatio observe6 thetc in order to c-over oxwenie4 1TE LnglAnd a sum of 41U0.00 to $15u.00 in addi- t4,), r4gular 44()%t1t4nce pay is necessary. .1 F4. B. Kantaok Capt., A.C. Reporta Officer 2-4,) att4rn4laal.; 4, a?Altoic???0 01,0,04 ,00, ? ? ? 001,0110,04;400,-00.,,-, '40 00,0 4, .0?., Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25 : CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Prima Through SUBJECT% Declassed and Ap ? tr roved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 The Dtreztc,r* OSS Major John Pi, Ra.rrio e f NO REPollif ON NO-gibe 4411r.:0-7,% SEORET 1$ November 1944 *.????????n ekefj* i? x I, The var.lous aoategaiAtionts of MO.-TO are too thoroughly *averred thft periodie Progress ',Oporto to luatify repetition berein* Nty purpose shall be to Ow:Ulm) *roar ly to wlaat, In mr opinion have, been dtmonotrated weakness,* &trims th* ten month. I have been aikaigned to the Branch. tiO would have had an oven bettor r000rd had it not einfortmatitte niseastiqg of its prinoipal ortarsetersi Kr Rae Salta, until 1 October 1.44 Calle of 110.410sisman or rd.& oharteter and bzi11isi attainnonto. No is* howevor, ortaarttly g idea The need fro* tho first wao to have atsawbottl norfeof th. adainiatrative typo se CIAO of thle Broneh. en the. one han41, this would 4ave saved the idea oate fro* .de. footle* oonaittorable part of his ti3se in attending OCilktOtille-011 ISM routine organiiiational *tatters; and on tho other*, istourod etwitokor end better itiapiestaatatione of the.idaaLpropentods, Iwo ettehenerst a *so of ocialally WO but dilferent orgaliftttatztonst was placed by elremetanoes in a complotely ritiosilao situation oboe yea simultanoously Chief a' and eivratoolt Detorty te the ii it of 1,174. tkt. two positions razttagi "pith, caw szotilors. and he oonotatitly; in the situation havittig itv, rule mot not hisiatolt in on. ospokotti en* the other* A further 4 titsrtsf4issitgoogo woo the poor $obt or talc:mit et oortein tor *lassos or ito oporation. Zt ti.!asnst *iitt EA o tasitivi4u44 m.X.4tt4?.4i4 not pou.ss aktri3i.itiesit "but my* et trtraftetertt kfnotoloollso t real needs it Wit 4 ifs ? 001400004 GOO osuto retor goollter, after the tttdividut ? teItelA ihettort, More as no use otasit000ver tor p tsilassto, *f t;kettio indtviduals wore hold an for 0041. I Lit Mt se thin t 4?v.,p idtioh, 4frtoi# -*Ong notii IlioessVAsPpt spa Oroattd alief I*?2c.t :biltt 'Weir aosoota 1 the ftlto port ot ifitotio0s0 least 04, tfit * 4) stet 401016 vivito OoloOsiat ? ?????ttr,I. ; g c.,timde tt-o, ?-? '? ? I" A 4J-1 ? Sri Declassified and AP Proved For Release 2013/09/25 : Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 seoFw.mir MO, Warough the last year in the MO, has also suffered tram directive trouble. It ilaz held back literally for months throutth the inability qf FWD mad va-ious other military agencies to determine exactly what it was to be permitted to do. As it ulttnately has worked out NO now has FWD directives authorizing it to conduct agent operations in the field, to carry on black broadcasts" id to perform all the other functions which are in its natural scope of actiTity. Had it seen given a free laand tram the start, however, it would have bcoms operational in its present sense long before it did. I sn of mixed emotions as to the value to OSS of die contribution through NO of some seventy bodies to FWD. It un- questionably aar) been to the credit of OSS that Vith few exceptional as I kgkew from personal observations, the outstanding accomplith- moats et thin the MD organization have been made by NO mem, I ma of t. optnlonv however, that had these same talent* been utilized in strictly NO operations, and had a green light been given early anouth in the gone, in even better record would have beenmade, Inasmuch as NO is an integral part of the ra organize,- ttom end has contributed largely in manpower to it, personol cptvlons an that organization may be germane to this report' PWD has onquestionably mad* valid contribution to the war effort. believe," however? that it would have done even better hat it not had tu3t an sywor-oliaborateltganisation, and had tried to do Its lit* with the minimum at sanpower inatead of taking an *very- body 13 *Quid get Its hands on, end had it not suffeitsed from the AelustOn that successful propaganda was only to be measured quasktitIvely. Pot the Marie of NO-11700 raccestendations are theist U) That an ammative la the type of the present Chief of Sranth tiettlyntitrued Jo, that position, (2) that there be tomsdiately reoruited mad dispatehed to London in opposite number to Nr" Senon DeImar' so that maximum 4,0 may be mad* of the phialoal fasilities for brcadm assieng stash had been made aval4able to NO by ram. That no Ems further be tent to the Theater wsoept Owe Gr exsopitifte tio4 saoiaUi.d teiesta for which they. Se known 02-1*t spoctric Ob. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25 : CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-9 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ???? , Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ???.? 10) 4 to Sttitakikl tOtai SLIP ? ' Vicr** atom. 411, Istettes... *.?1,;_x w. ? rt 3. 411.1Mtorwoorpciord.... roP?0"..^."0..""zwiloo? ,? I*; - la* tcti tiCtI OIS ?????????"'"" -***?????? (I???? Ii4:14 :4' le"' ifx...A-4f eni ijovveria j e.44.4An40.44 - der yw #421. 44 ??-,4 J -*palm Ji t-? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Ap roved tr For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ce Memorandum ? UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT rD Mom Secretari?J, su3j;4T of Lt. Ug; J. 0. Coii.004, D\IT 11 November 1944 ... The attameu rt,ort from Lt. (R) J. CoiTock, recentl; retu-nec ,k tour of uuty in ETO Lna MUTO, Lt "i' oellef Lnat In Ooth theaters morale iu fair., -00d t? C t4lAt there is no apparent s4lortage c/f cerixa.t11., or esiuipment. * Coriock op1nt3 out, nowever, that Planning roup accument.,-, wore u,.,eu very little. This Day be of esecil- intPrelt to yo; in comection with your circular Oat Attacrimmat oi ttlich -kt,tacheci. ?s? d'\,0 ro" IN!%? 'I; tijr cA. 11% Mr a ktb W. B. Kantack Capt., A.C. Reports Officer a .P- AarkNOPee11,4441111000.* 4,1P kA aL. 4,t+,,,a, ?lt,01#.41.7virt,..S ? , 1 . . Declassified and Ap roved For Release 2013/09/25 : CIA-RnPiqynnt-m4 4 ? - -41:7 ofillar? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 1 ? k: OFFICE OF STRATEGIC SERVICES t.t..A.if it INA21401400t4,0.C., C c% oc- Et tic caber 3.944 CCD frl t! is6 Tot tareotor? ()SS Throught Seersteriat . rrost Lt? (JO J. De Cc X, VSNR? Mediterranean Theater Sub3ect: R4port on duty In ETO and ODTO Office 1. I left lew York on 22 July 1944, arrived In London 24 July, remained in London until 19 Septeicer, proceeded to Caserta on 19 September vie Cosablanair, TunINI and Maples, errIved In Caserta 24 September, spent from 24 September to 11 October in Caserta, RawiertiOn*, arrived in 'Perla via UrseLlles lf October, spent 12-16 October in Paris, spent 16 17 Oetdber in London, end arrived !a lashington 20 VI principal observation is that, 'within the gaol* of 3. Cc ber 1944. }SS pions and conceptions of function, there are Solent people In both %beaters. Naturally, Individusl oho/ogee 'Ill continue to be necesesry* lif t woe rather dlia7poilated to dleoover the weal use to onloh the nannies aroup documents were b3ing put. The relates* are diverse bmt remediable. Vhfortuzatelit reports on eotiotoltise have nevor Win mode vith *lose referense to theme p1sMe in spite?t regossts to that offset, The news otalt sod PlannIng Start should be per 1 4petint Ottento. VI ng Wle pro Ito C0001 s Von sponsoring,* SECRET ?: Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 otwA Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 81 OFFICE OF STRATEGIC SERVICES wAstaNer.>m, D c. ,7.14."~INITIT.....mAllitanalbeatilkia0 SECRET 2 4, Suppales and equipment seemed to be ample, in general, allhonsh specific items were difficult to get. The shortage of motor vehicles in Italy is remedied, at least in part, I vaderstand. Much of the material haa to be wheedled out of the mrmy rether than be obtained as a matter of right, however. The need for air lift, eepecially in KEDT0? has been pointed out loatly t1aes. 5, Vany people in both theaters are discussing long-range 60.0440.11,) plans for OSS or its type of activities. Many people thinkithe,N intellivence organisation should be civilian from top to bottom, except where mIlitary *over is of peculiar use. Several suggest %kat a new orgaMsation, entirely iLdepondent of 083, should be atimileng riOht 0401W for the post-war period. Several stated that 11 OSS at such is going to operate for some time after beestilZtles, arrangements should he *Ado for wives and por- hap* fmailies to go overseas. 64, Coral* seemed reasonably good, on the whole; it was probably bettsr in MOTO than in 1110? perhaps because of the somewhat tighter ergenizatica in the former. There is perhapi * Mae danger of the tighter orginISStien in MOTO hamper Ing the flexibility which has cbaraeterited O33 operstiont %Wm ter. g-ts, 114 ? *pogo I made detalledcrel row** to Caosiol Olovin ofticr 10,- tot May, s$ CoIcomd RtaboOds, ttott and to Commondor 3ostf. SECS r, ? i!r,????,t1 ? 7#,2 -,=" ? 4. _ ? ? 4`4 ; ? ? t"" .14 ' ? ? 1- -r. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ; 1 tr-7,73 It-404' " I 1,s17. ;-" , e , % ? ..'? ? -. ?. 7: L' L , + ???,-,,,;-,,..,::.7.., , , , ,, .. L ,:',',:-:;"-L--?-?'; - -'0-? 77. 3/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 sroown*, PAW*lk Olt nakillWrz General Domivan Secretari,-*t Report of C ptAin George H. Owen, USMCR DATE: 17 November 1944 I. The aZtacfted report from Captain George H. Owen, MUM is largely confined to an account of ais uuties while he was assigned to R&A in MEDTO. 2. Captaln Owen points out the value of aerial pilotographs in connection with SO and SI work but he doel not elaborate this point. Attatekisitert t 4.'"9"--viotokopOoliftettiompiorpowitiolui Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ? ,504,4t Aftit P'ert , ...Au .PPPAPP rd.* NINO Mk OW f- W.01 Ei ? ? :=3. Memorandum ? UNITED STATES GOVERKIAEN, X 04 14 tAN 'ftt A tse General rilliqm J. Dono-ran 7 November 1944 , ; ? Capt. George H. Owen, U8I1CR AMWD Report sad* on return to Washington frmm duty la NATO IR X lett Washington during the first week of December 1943 and reported to Col. Glavin at OSS Algiers,. I was assigned to MIA Urget Section it Algiers which was at that time boaded by Lt w Ruesell U. Derr. Mon Lt. Dorr lift Algierp. in April 1944, I become head of Target Section for work on France. Thos Target Section was working for the Speoial Projects Operatiors center (MC), Saint US and British organisation which conducted all special operations against the enemy in Prince under G3 Special Op*" APR. MA Target Section Nati- cipated In all the operational intelligence for SPOC on request of Col. Baker ar OSS who was 3-2 of SPOC. Work was based on maps, aerial photograph interpretation and s21*ouroes or ground intelligence (ces and others) and air reconnaissance as well as research material, all regularly re- by MA Algiers for this purpose. All relevant intalli." ena* was processed and indexed and all target possibilities tept on * current caged index file. The main types or targets were rail and road communications, power installations, teleeammuniettions, and ammunition and rola dumps. sit* 1. It. Sehryver who arrived in Algiers in m'y to *setst me had 'complete charge of power anti telecommunication' etelf d*ing all analysis and briefing on these targets. X load rall'oedes road, end dumps for my own work. Our 4**11 * with air force intelligence officers were in the vaintlimtted to coordination of spimia1 operations with air **Semis, This also inoluded preparation of "safe area" maps fog the air farce. A. an Outgroith of the Target Seetionfs current operational. WeIligenso files And main4enanee of aerial photograph 114rimy, we gave /cob or our tlise to the Reporting Board of OftAlters misting in editing and checking SX ground inMittligisse? marts for dismainsition4 This was mccausiv04 awatIonol totalls*nvo work* 04. Polb4Pt, r4AL WOO Ocfiati*OPPOVOIOPWIHNOst*41061.0404440 itgotomdv4WN Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ' Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ?-MVStgtlIV I geMIIIMECIMMiltpalvwegeggpx.m...."..w ,qt z?ALCISVIII1349,-:*3 lie, 111.1eg,. triAtt.~ The Target Section provided a liaison with air rl-,itc; units for all branches of 033 .1141dieres Mon actual operations toy MC esesed shortly after the landing IA ?MI thorn Prowl*, it was planned to tend me to France for Interrogation of the 00 and other towels that had been sent in and later, in view of iv education la Prances I was to proceed to Paris to assist the political reports section there and contribute to wh,atever other work of a "target" or "special operations" nature' that Tsight develop. irbli was objected to 033-beadquarters in Caserta on the round that I could be veed on central turopean work. I wen* to 03$ Bari where 30 was considering the poir.mibilit of evesial operations in Central Europe. In Bari, I worked seoelar for the Reporting Board. It was also planned to use sot on one of the *tome that were to be sent to Zuropean waits-to as soon as they fell into Allied hands for political cad *osmotic reporting. Before an assignment was decided ono hiotieverv orders t* return to 'Washington brought me back* A* for recommendations. I can point out the value of the use or aerial photographs in several activities of OSS (Special iiitierkS it SI operations, and Reporting Board) and the adnM? e ?loss relationship between R&A 'target BiletiOD tiflBoard in sating military intelligeace reports. ? :-. ? i ? ,-0 , : Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25 : CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ropeJ and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Memorandum ? UNITED s To Cilenera roor.ovan secretari.4t $1)J*Ct Re.,;ort frotl Lt. ) Franz M. Carroll Fr.Anti C-rroll, Deputy Chief MU/TO, outlining his d tiIssigned to that theater. Att,ched also is a report giving u ful1 e4.41,4c.estWo Qperations aa carried out by the DIA:(I) in Lae Europoun Theater, This report itv,lude..) information on operational and intelligence 4ettiou.., well as dettilled intormation on all marine er41.1:.1rient ompLoyod, The last few pages of this report tru1.avOttn. !,z) a description of methods of carrying out alando 4inkt operations in the Far EasttZid A comparison ) trim used in the European Theater. Declassified and Approved For Release 201 3/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 comma ? on. - tt,1 t?? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 t OFFICE OF STRATEGIC SERVICES WASHINGTON. 0. C. e,re #1-44 e e .....771mamyrom7 ?144**1-e 4/Ze '11 0 X. ,74,Y November 'I9414' Prom: Frank MN Carroll, Lt. (jg) UM, Maritime Branch Tot Director, Office of Strutegtc Services. ? ? Subject; Overseas duty report. 1. Arrived in Angland in late April and proceeded to Dartmouth to co-operate in readying three kT Boats for clandIstine operations. These boats were attached to the Maritime Branch under the command or Lt. Comdr. Rate Guest. Several typos of special British navigational apparatus were Installed aboard the PTs and the crews were trained in their operation. The crews were slam drilled in the Intricacies of night operations, ship to shore communica- tions %filth agents, haadling small boats in surf, etc. 2. One successrul operation was completed on May 24. ,A PT approached the shore of Brittany at night and sent ? small boat ashore to pick up packets of intelligence from Brittah agenta. On May 27 the three FTs were detached from WS *Ad returned to the navy for regular patrol duties in coanection witik the invasion. 34 t then obtikined orders assigning me to Commander B.A.G. Davis, MI, in command of a British flotilla of MOBs and arlDs engaged In alhandestino operations in the ,Anglish Chanael. ?ram May 27 to July 10 1 acted as Commander Davis, undorst47, learning how to oo-ordinate intelligence,how to time an4 plan the steps of a clandestine operation, and Pow to brief officers and crews. I took part 'in many arillih operations to Os enemy-occupied coast of Brittany. Tho purpose* of these missions were to: io tend 3ritishmtraine4 agents. Land arms and equipment or the members of the under- .. 4;iI 111. ; round. 3* Pick up agent* whose cover had been blown or where job had been eomploted. 4. Vick up packet* or Latelligenoe reports from isolates elok up tronoh patriots who were being hunted bY tbe Ofeetap0. it up AmeirIssil end Witish airmen who had been- * down. 7. iliiik up Amprioan mod Ibrittekkisoen OAPs had sunk near the ripooth ocisato NW 10 the, t again seal es 14cluded t401 *1 root operattebe ernesT, pelmee orrutor enter, and rords*t...crii ; 4 ? Ott Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 z? ?:( 1,1 ? ! ; Ne? ? - I. 4. Declassified and Ap roved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 between the PT S.ivadron, the British Flotilla, and OSS in London* Three clandestine missions were successfully com- pItted, two for $13 and one for OM The British Jobs entailed piing up agents and intelligence', the American job resulted in the landin4 of three agentes S. The PTs were also used for high-speed emergency forrring or 0$3 personnel between England, Omaha Beach, Cher!aourg& L'Aberitranches and Dieppe, and in taking out agents and Frenchmen whose transportation by normal means might jeopardise security. 6. In late August the American tanks swept into Brittany and cancelled three PT operations which had been author- ized, planned, and briefed. From then on our work consisted solely of ferry jobs because neither OW nor the British contemplated any secret maIltime operations within range of the ins. From mid-JUly until mid-October a total of approximately twenty ferry *rips carrying 150 passengers ware completed. 7. By mid-October it became clear that the work of the PT* was through becaust, there were no clandestine jobs Ahmed for the Lowlands or for Denmark, and the imatner in the Channel was becoming too rough for ferry work. I then requested transfer back to Washington. Declassified and Ap roved ? For Release 2013/09/25 : CIA-RDP13X00001Rnnn1nnit1 nr,n7 47' '? ` ? ? r 2 REFERENCE Declassified and Approvedw For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 --wwwwwww ? ? ??.41'1., ADMIRALTY. SHEET. To_ MO, ?Moo of Stiotogio Sordloo usrgeTreit 1 1 1 1 loroloo. 1 WM Wel 9-tiv bit bilorastico rig frositc 12011.111. ottill000 ottlosro Waal 160 Wit iiii411 *ONO gc.t.4a sigiatikt, Usiloast ttio fa* la 000 ottotto as. loot mr i claw ohouto. opoottosts woo isatt bib ? 4100 100001, 111 4. ? or II. in* tolosogoo to, iilke-so II* OP" ."1 - lack? ; - ? :i'?`T ;.?' ?rrr.-'0 4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 tr4 AraJ DIVAOLMENTs orna% or 31ROM/0 MUM, ?ODA. P7th may, 1944 7rem4 m.U. Braneh, OSS Deatchmwnt ??? Musa. ?al Oosmandisw ?Meer, Naval Oomnimads 088 Laski:teen. DO. 1#144 Naval Personnel Officers 038 Detachment, Ntious.m,e 8Mbject: Lt. (4g) ?risk H. Oarrolls WM, Desorkp- tiem of Deity pprformed by. 1. ittibject ?Meer is assigned to act ea 088 :114:ontative and liat0On *Meer between the Office ategie Savoie*, wad the 0.D.0.D.(1) Oporatiosal Ilimmeks 8.0.04 at Dartmemlb? Belford: and wherever that:rowan may be overg$Ing. This duty is to last for at PEC146 Of opproxisiiisty *so slosish after Dopey* 2, Suilkoost or Is to assist IA the portiotiem shoteas the oih Ohanarl by Dig.D.00411 mon *SOW oirogadoes lave UMW 0 4411140 eat PIA. sitit:-.V.11.0?0?(1) L. No is to cripm. opeorsis vita Witish %Ms is the of seek tOessel after Vt *Orilla at O.D.O.D. Operation- el *egos 0.0,03 Nivel 04.11 of taw stud tow. est as an observer of maXiall pt involved in Datjkshossit liireass ? '? . ' e- ! 1 - ? ?. ?s I '-'4,4-? ., ? ' - : .-- * / H..,; T.,-.), .... j-14; ? ';',7:j.? - ' '. ? -, , ?07','?)!?:',,:?- , - ? . .--?,... li.:?i-,- -? f!-?!0 -----v I- ? 1 7 . . - ' ,1,?,-.:-. ,? ? ? ? r . ii. ? .. : ..? 'L .1....? i 1- ..ts? ...... ? ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 -7 C,^ aiN?ALAN Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 71"Welalro O. *. S. osri4maarr, itari%las Loodoss aro* *-11. 10 414 1144* Itt Atpilisat 10 Area *S. ft ilaritter 1ss i100,410 * t *61416 tAit tkirria 44. *mai. n41 ow 6041044 ko 04.1. 014,41wiliskli for tworarx taty? IX 41 bawl*. Z tiorat?Cje 'Mk ?Ottrolie *Mt io Um. %Mr Is Cr. LlooteCorroll reports 41riot3y to yi ilierttiAmo Ripolookk, Loodist Itor asictoroi Uri 1?Lorst?Cartell are Pcti Wirt** rikkuitirt? $340.4i5* 401111* 3/k too Miaow Sorrier. Pon Ottioiro 104411111 It. 1. GUI?* LAINNIr?11411111. ate, Mit? nu. ? ? 41. ,:?:kki ? ? - ?, ?4: ? F43Set,A)4????,,AHOWALI..,.-N ,?"."! 0,14..Ahdf - ;r1'.7,1?4. S,C,...ve 41 ev? , ;,...44,41,4*Sila!q;Mi?'7.4dAtife414.7*".i;14,4 .4,1 ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 kir Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 t r .ikrt . **11**111Mai4s ilwei ties area*: LOINAlio ? 24tA Alikwitet 144. Offiseire iikairitise anima .,10:010106 Of Oes 11144-11tesasho .) Pveak ILSIoartibil?llogratiers Ottiasus *ammo is bar*, stasiated sr, Deputy. *Will Mr 1010411011410 b. to eusr i make di seaseaary illostickesait Haritlan dirailltthille et this Srastik? it? 111, *Ni, LINA 44tiedlir so WU ? ? ," ? .4y -4494,48 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25.: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 . ? ????? ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ..???? . ? " ? ? ? - , ? ? -r ???? 4 ? ? ? t.) ? t. ? ' a r. ? 4/..? ? ? ? ? 44 ? ? ; ?? 4i ? . ??". ? ? ? ? .1 ? ? i ? ? t ' ? ? ? I, ? ? _SO t.t-'4?? -0-3..7744 4-4.4e si 04'0. ? ? ? ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ? fr? ? ( Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Mane : ITOSIER, 15,74 ? LIND/ GSTON W STANLEY 1,492 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 414 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 1061100040111110311L,111- SECRET ry.0,31,1- Meinerandarn ? UNITED STATES GOVEPNMENT F 2 November 1944 / B 0_ tcr ? VI" ; -4* {IxI. refer tO my conversation reporting that the State D'ePartaent had indicated the need for cert ei information which might reflect two policlee of soma ot our %Wes. Is Loportent in this matter, I susgest that a copy of the *sour report he trantmitted to the Department and also that Lt. Krammer be made available to the Department if uplift- *alloys of this report is requested* ."."..94"*"44FOWS0t1316,,,.1".104441'64*Ma,...it A ....A J,,__ t. and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Leber- faur dere et gettinc eaolleated end being introduoed to the verteee Chelan offteento I wee ordered by Lt. Colemel Moftwell to preesed to tie ler Norm rallirl neer truitetrae. 41121110tillt ? 1$1 IfOrt traaja oat Soptaabor Oth SOO AM by horseback, but on the link Iv* vow", attaefit.d by Pattioants wad immoral tintos had to detour duo *4. %mow 401011fte* ;eosin 4*trzeVie Thar. moo a party et won or ue ay. botrgurda,i Lioutosmatit Coneilila MO* Pialitteho a torsi?iir pilot la tbo Yucoolfersny(preobwarL, and avtoolit. Anise aaveral, alarraw 000apfoio, we arrived at Colon*" Xottoroirlob. -4. 14 Veikresiart*,* Soki 1*o ittoP*** Vialor. *Pair Erwprotto at a ttfritt 0411? Deli tettirtly Vkita tilaa was aft *art basit* thaw dayt boforot rWri t/4014,111iatioavAld 2 Thi .4).?? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ir#4.4.11,14,4*^44,44,-- '414.11 110.1114, laseerovich to go itith him Ishii, he inspected those reservesa and or *ours.i5re, subjected to s. lot of speoch-emiting, etc, I also .ftlkeit to nulbaros.ta Serbs.acetors, tomchers. lawyer*. ttudents. peasant*. etc, unreetricted. I had an interpreter !oho spoke Frenth. and with ay limited Vilowl4d6e of sipebian. I was able to understand the answers to the questions that I put rcrth. ) he Serbs could not laaderstsnd why the Allies, end particularly the Sgitish. had &skirted them after they had been the first country to de- aler* gverilla warfare agair.z-t the Gersten*, and as a result suffered 'heavy rorisels. The)! had 7.'.)0ers told 'oy the arltish to organise and remain quiet vaitit ordered to rise up in faros* They had been promised supplies end air et- but received none, Then the Allied Iffiscion wits withdrawn and Tito mkt the CesOrtwai at* were ukppertett by the Demooratio Auth. Allied planes veto tirovogisig awstassition nightly for tartistrat to kill Serb*, 24 the SisTba *mii voderstartd the borsbinss by Allied planes of matirtnry lariats, but why was that puletion tnBoltrade subjeoted tostraw-bonkiing, part/4030U on Iiittar Mado and the Kin& s birthday? MAO WWI - itt *it t Zigtf;rib rocelv. oaf* them coo beeilAtigt ,o)Th tilt thiat nag Potor le a prisoner of the British, sad 4eassiibP41. teytunt 44 Thal Ws* Saboasto$, ,$4 They want?plattonatt. taaarat, .4-4 Italy ha* 4 dioallalf tett eittwliviasiasa booemao they thousht that *Iwo 001 sesispist liesiotsfit Ihey oii4froinfigott Vie MVO terrors as the ?::, ? ? ? 04-?*",4444D44.44rw sra-...otiatic40.40 ;?4 _ ;. 4 r ' - c - ..., , .. _,,,? ,::' ' t . ::. 'tj.Ft .. et.'' ; .. ? N. ..., i l'ir ...C.:.0C..'4.S41,14'1?.-....!' l .. .4. .:L11' , =.. :r, .,';' yt , .. - Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25 : CIA-RDP)3X00001R000100410007-2 .' . . . . _ . .. _ .... ? . t"?:, ,L;:. ? ;;?, ' ?""ctift Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Partlitana mere now doing or else tura the government over to the Partisans sM perait wholesale plunderingi. T.) They vent on Allied Commission to police their country until a goverampat can be framed& Ss) The Ses think of .haerica a* their last hope. g They 'would linten to C announce the capture of a territory by .ro-e Partisan* mad them tura the program off because it was not the trIltho knew this beoause I have been in the territories supposedly captured by the Partioane? At a result the Serbs doubted most of the ann.incements by On September U I visited a village by the nose of Ridgevestica saw the bodr of a nano !Wire Paatelica, Se year* old,. the Mayor of the /Macs mho had been tortured to death 4, the Partisans the night ba- fore? thumb and forefinger had l'aosa pulled off sa4. after 'ing allowed to *teed Emitile* ite was shot through the back with a dwamiduo bullet blominc hi* Oidatiek oUto I have photos cf this atrooity. I (leo vent a report by trovidor to TA. Colone, Sorgyvi?n? Merop.iveollt 0 tle* ruing pteezber 11*0 the Partisane put in a light attack Wit tit moo . the gittetaik viltage ot Ratajo sight 1m. XS /W. *her* were *to Osman troop* and io facto there were It lir" whet*, *rot ex* 1000Erfilii and Xraljore proper. limed itedites-forte bsod egkil4I a* *Imlay irttsit lay nisei** fisol hist sm. effiesore *at -t4 we* to eiseuate at lied aiVIMM l''",:nille.401,4,, - , -' t-A4-molounot4,40491.1.4. 0409.94116ilithelbtelfthiltit40444-401. 44...:444,s,?, 4 - t ...:, :. I O. .- ip Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 1 that had ben shot down, obtain information or German troop activity and ?Axe to obtain any other information available. They asked me if it would ? ponsibIs for the Janes to prevent this civil war, and stated that they had wante4 to essacentrItte their efforts against the Germans, but every time they attacked cr prepared an *Art:sok against the Germans, the Partisans would jusp on thedr basks. I sent a note by oouritr to the local Partisan comman- der attsekivg this villaget silting for a rendezvous with the idea of stopping this local battle, betwean rugoslavs because, while this battle was going on, large German coIusni were passing through the Morava Valley from Prisren to Kruse*** and from there to Nis Amd Belgrade. The Partisan commander did not reply, but he told the courier. that ricans had no busloss beaming interested in the civil war in Serbia, St they had tetter get m'At; and, with, that, he had the courier beaten o sold that there lass no sash thin4 as an American lvsouation in Settia. Sowever, before I uame into Serbia I had been to10 by our aft,eraat SOS that Tito tied been informed of this mission, and had requested thoo .a of ail officers so that in ease of capture they would be unharmed. let CO M t the taorittago the Partisans put in a heavy oounterattaoh* 1.t oammaodOt or the brigade with *tax I was, Captain Gordloh, fteked aseshOier to eoumMoraitaok or retreat owl I replitd that I maw not the likommia4or of his troops awls, 1110000re, toultuot advise his but VW eotsly her* for obeerelogtigma# tit* 04-0-tailt rank* Vow, *or* *moot of all oslibros, arid make's* lolit tato bespitt4* ~mod or* waitod for a man to got lkit and this low tgrooro4 riflo? A insolial* oolititof had more than S Ntg,oriA?ZO Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 tartsidgee for his fin** Tfte majority had no shoes and all were drested The oaly reason they fomght so stubbornly was to prevent the Communists rrom ceoupying their villages. Thal Cbetniks did not adopt the method used by tha Partisans 411 removing the mem long distanees from their homes to fight' testified they mere used for defonse of their looslity. That day rye retreated north. back WW044 the Morava to Pala Voda. sent a report off of all information that I had gathered up to this time so Colonel MeDoweli by courier. The report yeas dated September 18. At leas4 reseerovicts Readque,rters peeked up masa were on the move Weems* the 'artisans were aontinuing their attait in foroe? Ws retz',etod for o Citi-aiptember *2nd, in a small village eight idles north of Drew's, I Woo the holies of eight latta (eiviliems) *ha had beim tortured ta death by WA. 0141411' 4140 had beAA slashed about the filo* with a knife and them their skulls bikatfot tn pith a title butt. Oat young IMO who had refueed to lotic Utei 'Pea book eerve4 up. pretty bear by the orders of a Partisan slido4 br.v. Ploiegrepha cf thee* 'Wiefe X sago have.. Unfortunately *OW testis Mot bee* tinel to* night* Isetret end eould not get there *Or Kam?, mid the beinea had otilarlart to 4.4tosposo. Moo foisi4 oit* tsva Partoon pritoners that they had swine orders Asian sad earititee '400* Mortis* eitteer "it& Ch;olisiatio The own Joirtikoci 4140*- inotto W00% Teritikst Neilkwitteh 4 :kb* Drug* Potion *ow litiottitt* Oistiostatokkow4 or 0* 40 rripleimordikak I Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Als4 upon my arrival back at Delta Today the peasant at whore hut I had bet...A stazrinc told um that to 21(A:re after I had left his place, a Partissua Lieutenant* two waken., and fzuskrdel came up to his hut* placed a guard around the hut* and then asked of the whereabouts of the Mario= offteer. even knew the corner of the rows that I slept in. / never htd slush tins to interrogate Part sem prisoners beesmse if I tit not get to then within a half-hour after capturr, they were executed by knit*. Prisoners were killed by both sides. All Fartione, dead or iscumided. were relieved of their boots, shoes and serviceable cletAing stediatelyi if the had any. Sinety perm-put of the Partisan prisoners were Moslat.:, trite Montenegro and the fiat &sew* that were with than claimed to have been forced into service seesped with intentior.s of surrendering at the first opportunity. thxso st ties. were not exesulkad., bee of the prisoners I interregatsd had ever few** spinal the Oermins in asw isaUle. I also saw scow Serbian women lest tot heft impressed Ire were under fire practically ell the tine by *pipers and harassed .01tottris (rstriff4o)0 AU ffrartiesso that I eavof dead or alive, 'Imre not in old:faro* ?toy had est poaceart- eiothee end did net even wear the red star "me atriouit tor lootit pirtki? to identify gaol% ether ill buttla sod ogetettsfie the OvrtnIke would pis.* a *hit* handkerehief or roc around their toOt anti* Cifrikeissits ealI*14 Ate* kir* ether areas mad pushed thc bOrticaOso too* tot Aloloodrograit* arcs if thls Nt4i sonsuilitten was, ettorglig lest tor 10his iJr? cia sotvo, 144114f .01*-101 figt ljt Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-9 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25 : CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ? small villag* onto a raad. I counted fifteen case* of Italian ammunition and smarter shells piled there. I do not know where it came fran because I didn't see the' vehicle that brought it; however, the Chetnike loaded it up to the flring line. Oft the afternoon of the 2nd, we were back in Bela Voda. The courier that had started out tolColonel Ifollowull with my report dated Septomber 18th, had returned because the route had been out by the Par. tiaans. / then wrote' am additional. report dated September 23rdo and dispatched that ou the 24th. I have aeon men die, because of the lz-kk of medical supplies, and only those with light cr superficial wounds could hope to live. Hatred rat co high that have 1041111% mem kick the dead after a battle. Alio in this battle I heard tank* firing but di4nit see them; how*. everm I we* told by the Chetwikso mad later on by peasant', that German iimaks had joined in, the battle' killing both sides. NI September Und I asked the eimetniks if there was a possibility it igetittog iii totiolt with bar Norikea softitiort because I had been instructed Celetael, RODOleello.it poisibleir to work subversive or 1.. le operations* woo sametwo the ebetnike arranged a rendesecus with an Austrian *Moor outmoide of gnomon.* lift told Sus that if the .Anericanm could peramstioe Oat all lerstauto who surrendered would bio evacuated to Italy. 404 Itia .14midesttiAeerteme prisons tes4er Anerlean oustodys and net trans* * tea 0.4 to the oestotty of the Ruisiolii for labor PIib1?frastiminilli *W. tettstila Seiko tore* would ooOspse* npHaRsified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 vra Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25 : CIA-R0P13X00001R000100410007-2 s. He said that it I took Ur.. e ftve Gellman officers and sent that tt Xi& and permitted them to write-4 through .the facilities of the Red Creea" to their men in Vie, Balkans, desoribing their treatment, that that equI4i be proof smooth., seat a radiogram through the Chetnik radio to Colonel McDowell hbs of thle romdesvous aad the eanversatioul *leo requesting ad. vice sad tnstructians but I reeeived, no reply. Usetworaing / *ant a note to this German officer by a peasant inlbe Kruse's** tollin4 hi* that I did not have the authority to aocept any et* his dimssads but eculd only suggest that all of the troops in that area suarrender. He imne4lately followed up by driving out with a German captain, (a 4o.tor) tn an autosobile direetly to Kesserovicla F4tdquarters, and I repeated the seise thtng. They taken wanted to give themselves up to ms as prisoners imnetaetely, out I eouldn't accept them teeauro I had no plc,e to beim thAa6 nor wane to protect thea. The doctor gave the Chetniks sone ristd dreg-sings that ho had brought with Late that ftftern000? 1 received a wire from Colonel MeDowell order. t* wooed to Alsareki Corpus near Relgrafti and most sa kairlean oetlee, of ocli*iesien by the naae *f Rayaoieh, but Kesterovich requested te, cbtaits. 2orsiesion to main .it him We days because heavy Partisan *stlivitt aik4 ovt the rout* trek trummpt to A gado, aad thnt he would an. 40atoor to ehalw 00:40 Perttsesof of therk so that I could pass throut wertit 14,1 *r title by *ire, vut reeeived 320 ropirs saw Out Votor*I ii.0110r0,1401 a2 so attecked, south or low _,;orawa ? I ' . ? - WM. jp.,;},rp ?n? ? I SECR oft --e :or?! Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP12Xnnnn1 (-Inn .1 A A an ?-? ?-? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 : sent word book, to 0* Cammadent, per hAs request 'cad to glad to moot hiut at $ mated of trvievec, Ee responded and said that hot eould not toep the rendevvous vintii he b.d further instructions from Bel- grade At the sea* ttm,. monitions rod vaclino vor, being silipped out of, trumovise* astwara by glide:N. Also an. the, ammo day, six huadred German parsehutioU arrived o protect, the emaciation of thle, material* I saw Oerm mdit ecovais poso through, turtissm Mad ?Walk territory unmolested. WO three tilidera mad isielmm transport plates fly north from Xruo the CaiwzOiki- satitiodw, 0,04 tbe Rum. had boon using gliders to relay tat frost on* city to soother beeavise the higtmelv *ere not safe. walk OM wsli104 for olopliet frop oweral ridiografts, to Colonel 44 - tar emu* Mlastructienas Wier et. LA the Oterpoon, I r000lved sita* ftlio tit atis- 00006414 igs rEtport to Mx personfal difik WOW* tt 4 KI,14704h, 04,4 06* pro& tihilorto *or et** Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 10 . (they did not know exactly>, ard both routes to them, place* had beall sevAred. They said if Ilibailorloh was in Bosnia, it would be too dangerous and would roquiro about 25 days on horseback, Today 1 saw a convoy of 00 vehicles with hoary artillery outer Ertl'. nevi* rem firseljovot I stood about GO feet from thin convoy on tho edge of this eV In this town ot lieserioa* 1 *ant a wire to ColonollioDowell informing him of my situation, end that wes procodint to the Alsokroki Corpus tomorrow it the route was at all sqrs,, At 11100 AV, I received a 'airs from 'Colonel ItoDowell adviaing me to preopod to Ultra* If tho route was surn..otherwise to remains tell to lea,* today for Bolgrade, but Yartlaans have cut tho rout. in fore. at Paraein. The Chotnik* asked so today1 that it thoy cep. hired tire/wow and traljevo, eoult %boy homro Allied air support and ammu. Isitiely-14A1Aat Oilman count*rattaekt, I did not have authority to answer ** r 00114 * *ire to tho Camila to tbat *Met. At isfnill this aft* wee notified thot radio eontact could ill*t 'so& Irtia aledswirtors ? 1 Thor* woo nottilog to do hut vat tor Imo mivisaivientit Thar* was WOWMiut kottilitift bin Vilir4a14100 Oft reporSet pantos am attack tram 1 ' 5 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Selgrade. OMAR 3t. Pillitioh dreosed in civilian olothess and then lost his nerve hefting* itmas reported tbst Chstaika had attacked Germans in the Belgrade ores ad t* is pitobed fight *filth the Germans and the Partisans. No answer from Colonel McDowell, 001001a I left this morning le go to trajacka Banjo with an escort of 26 Chetmiksiiit true*, and Pillitich? Captain Gordio and myself in on auto- mobile About sail,' trot the borders of truesyss, the oar and truck boom. *tusk ta the *ado mad while a tome of oxen was pulling us out, a German CORWIN, ism* up. t put my sop in my pooket end buttoned my raincoat around eseeollar to hide *II Insignia* I took my pistol out of its holster and Wept It Law hsn44 The Germs* officers asked who was in, the ?or, and they sere field that I wow oast of the Cheimik eanmandants, ad that we were going' 4o stew* * Parilloos troika* Alt it tho iroftvordo hAd orders to shoot it out with the eamverif Wow aeramse *pelted the ear doors. We got awe,' 001, 4-mt" rtnte I patvos4 *atm* et ?fowl Jarman( sad oattakstl-psok tzsino Notopilot to? no to fight the ituosisno? 11. adios* et Goma ild'astry wore at *1St oat is 1WORW .00000 04,0* boot. and oh*** *iprit well worn. It was at lilt troolpi other thaa stfiooro hod raincesto? The * ****40004 et 'oat hone. *doh hod evideatony b001000ttoskOest from tho posomato* those sogortilverse4O1t1i4 by witnik iiiitlAst? Pima thi- 0444 ftwadselittiink, 11110004 1 1 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25 : CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 e be 1Shite Russians or of other Slavic origin. / saw very few automatic, wespone. Rost at them were armed with the standard-esue rifles There wwre sppeullissetiay 60 Italian soldiers barefoot and with ragged clothing. Tlisfy were evidentally prisoners in N labor battalion beciause they were not armed sad carried no equipment. This particular convoy was coning fraa Prisms sod had .'videttally been in Albania, Also Usre were some Italians Ikarefsoted and ill.olothedi Cl 51 t listemsd to speeches and answered what questions I could on the 1lIle4 situation, %Id listened to Serbian history which is told repeatedly by "anti partunit urning to Krusevac area, I found a message from 1 Cotozot Haowittl ardertng oto to report to him personally. OCTOUR 40 I *evil * wire to the Colonel asking where he was, and that from the lest repur Ihad *f kilas kg wss believed to be in Bosnia. I informed his *gain the the route to Wiped. vies out by Partisans and guns, and repeated that t loss out at from 111***Aa by Fortisans and Germano. The Germans blew up the Kruavviss airdrome 'Way* 2 esw attnike walking about with rifles tm thm mama* Nyman foldiors# aotsitewr trate CoIonot# Russians and Partisans were proparing lutk Ow* tif* Volteridso ikloo 1.4144?4i. titr tiogltaiwommaris, free bolgrsdo, wh000 huibind woo a Sort Usfyiter. moot ha, MAI Wes Liopritgemel -Woo torsi 11 law 1kat4 40 a how*** fttow tricoorett platot owe timwr titwagOrt tre, thir myth flyitg, Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Caeaa S4 ronight r *WV thrice green flares from the railroad. yards and 'ate more et,lut onst.halfisile away. Bait an hour later, a plane of unknown identity cam, over and trapped four delayed-action bombs, and then ars westward* I do not know the damage domes but they were close to me. This was at 1115 PO. Itetserovie asked -le toJay that if the Americans wouldn't supply auwAtions would they oulply shoes for his men, (8000). OMAN 91 Thi t ChetAiks asked me it 1 would talk to a group or Serbs in the S*el Europa ixKrusevac, oind calm their fears regarding the approaching Ruesim Anct. The tThetztiks told me that the ?Wieland Ohetniks would ruaramtes my safety sokivast the German garrison. There must have been a group of nle thousand, pecple located in two large rAcms. One room had an cipltItor end loudspeaksT tn it. 1 told there that they shou1d remain calm mad: act to boons* penie..mtricken1 nor titbit to the woods when the Russians evrtved beceust thsy wort *en 4ieoipitned0 fla4 were al:1,1es of the Amoriodans qtad British, amd clhottl mtann the Ohetalks fired on th. RUOliaM0* the people tad ac4hIng to, fear* AIWA Ihie was, o$ dt30 PK, a tamk rollod up outelder and tha people 44esege *welter:sive bocams they thouOt it was German *doing in to take *. ,$.sr, but 1$ devolved thwt the ghoisiki atd WU. Ooopil had sur4 ths timok 44 400 aid 1'04044 the Omens to leaver avid 04 141410 t**0170, dr1V* tAilg Vardt eittei4e- 'Oho Islotool tor Jity proUotion: Otos, osootalt iota sfeestis *too**Z nowt tow tbArkti- * GOYIM tfctra offloor wou14 - neclassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 - 4.Ate liras at tho garrisou If the towns of Krusevaomad Kraljevo 4apitulatee. I toli %Iva that there wee nothing I could do because this was the Russian theater of war, and thet as an Allied ?Maar, : could not tere3cwswer, if thlity had ,arrendered, all that Iwould have done Invld hav* cornea to notify khe nearest Russian troops that the garrisons had QIGTOaaa 10x At 900 IX the iaeriaans sont word that they would oonforwith officers in Kra-14ov?1 and I saw a Garman Unk leave with amessenger frau Krusevao to Later in this day, I saw one hundred lithAte.Russian German soldiers leave by ilmtseb6c14 tor Kral,:svo. It was a German plane that had bombed Xrusewao# killing woven Chistnik soldiers, beeause X hid the Chet:ilk* dig up an unex- p2o4t4 bomb, I also learmd taday that Lt. Colonel MODewell was in Bosnia sissoovh,r14 sor it wes impoasible to get there from here %misuse Ohetniks were fteoitintt verstans tAAvt airsket Pile* hundred Geritsittot arrivad i usevao from Zajttoar sott route to irteries sktVt alotty Ts/hi eloso tarkt eked sisal**. They war, elookents of the th#13124 Swot Distally* from its. They bad beivIt in a battle with the Russians 4k,04 st slugs grantor srisrdvieth of 31500, over 2,000 had kie6r, killed or wounded meovi, eakeett * arossetivit of tketr ow* and luieian *rill:tents Prom what tholir sr t on appronisate soca 6f 56 and over. *so tattessoi Via looal Siereee that tba ifts4or1 of *toe troops had boos Zdie Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 gr. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 resident* of Yugoslavia but were of German nationality or descent. I had several Serbians circulated mmozg these troops asking questions arkd it was apparent that their morikle was low because, with the impending rapid ap- proach of the Russians tts1 had no safe place to retreat. These troops were better: clad them the troop that I saw coming from Prisren; the artillery and trane2ort seemed to be in good condition, and they bad plenty of lUb- ricao:t, and petrol. The Sqrbian people told** ithat the attitude of the GIIMSOM soldier towards ths local inhabitants was far different than it had aeon im 1942 beeause nos Ito were very polite and did nothint, whatsoever to oftlind the residents. At night, the patrols in the city usually numbered one /CO and twonty man. patrols also carried at least three light machine pas. Thsro was consieitable rifle firing at night also, but I do not know who the participants wort.. The Oerualts are preparing a large hospital for the waunglod. MOM la' I 0,015-t * 16,t* to cool KoPowelh with yesterday's information, Utak the RiAftildi wore-new AO kw" tram here. After talking to * German ottleer? he said all German* in the Balkans eroold, eaptitulets if Mertes"' soldiers, would ewe, ewes if for guard purposes that % ene * lt poeition, 1 Gould not got woor, Out * short diotoloo *woo on4 I had to ahoose between 110 'No tortiommo, Wing a pri0000r of the 00,10**0 vow Or rsll$1141 0* the *wow of th Ru.s1ans MI Mt ,a,??? ,,s,"04.*110251.6.1i4c. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 inumw, So I sent Lucite- to the nearest Russian officer for a rondervouss eaplainIng Utukt I had German military information that would enablu them to take the oity of Xrusevac without shelling; antl killing a lot of Serbian women and obildrem? The Serbs ver* votoldnime olosely as to ay reactions to the approaih. of the Waspiams? *tit* frankly : wes appreWwsives but 1 didut* dere show it by speeCh or aottwaw and all that I ?cad see looming up was a oourt martial forme it 'I got owa of themes* alive* *0.210464 rifle eculd be bought 'for lt000 Dinars, *machine pistol tor 14.000 d* 0*14 at asamatioes far e litre or rakije. HOwever, I saw a Wahe4 *Oa* betiMOM the 04011taa geerds wad Chotalks at the railroad yards amAiairp4411110Wittate, Cheek' tried to stba 'weapons and ammunition. The ' mass positoi sentries to 'used tho Creitht oars and some Chetniks *cold mat* 0.0040 eititrtes oonversatlorA, vhile others 'would attempt te steal lbo ismturviticso ?Mos eestriee were moutly the Otte Russian elements cr es loo*1 Mimosa wrist** I do, sot Itnow *by they opened fire on the' eimptet04 4wt a ahot es* tired, *ad all proaect joined ilo Rawer, the next Chetrik A04 avows soldiers making *bout the streets pay- P.* me eiltimitiostte testh csther. Th*4* soon ,balitle there must home bee* sij Warn litift *Olio* empfted. Few Oheilellts and too Geroans vore 1411.06 I taee eie t tweek1004, et smoll woo end isommitios leave Yousevae in Ofte1st* lior4.0. Wile Gamow silittres, Iwo simian ailerti. Vt. tinterititio won* oinita *Meer iggi *to Vat 'they logro tstatva O propkve0 Woo** 00 tool %V from $iV. Imodion, stiset Mow*, Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 azd to thou it vas *11 I.Lot air Lt 6030 lits I received *mother vim tram tho Colonel, ordering me to re-port to bin perooemilyt? -Xle0211,1t pont a *ire to Coional McDowell. **tin that 'I vould leavo tn throe digs* end that, Iwr him ardor** I was going to try to zako it through ParUsan and GeTTIMS, 11/11011* I requested Colt:m*1 Iteaseravioh tor *tea tough men as OA es*orti and Mt replied- that I would never Issas it olives I told him that Colonel 'McDowell boot mr(tored a* tor tho fourth time now, and it No did not *mom* la vitro, and order so to reatain or iolit tor & $ate rowto, I inki goir.4 through ovon it X 11A4 top go sloop, A little later* much to al surprise, a Russian *Moor met IMO thi* muit*nitiago. attd latorood oto tJt Iwolit* -troop", hat boon guided by Choi:Akio to iitiol3tor ,ohioh t* junt soros* on the north sift ot tho lap *rata River, and Mt thay oaLoatood arouod bahind -the Gorman took dotonso linos at litalso. W. blit the ostoraation that Ihod* sad ho toted Iso to soot his Major. wore abookot to 'Usti Chetnik IlOodOvitivtolso tho Germ an Oostrandant of Imo*vim" UP* 141444 stothor offlisorp and ft* intorprotor orrivsotio and_Ooionoi Ussormtviott *Id' his IA. ay promo*" that uggeloo he (the Cioriaol) surrendered tots tree's:* taw (thetailk* itild *Moo*. 1110iai Oast asked whv tho Ohotnirs did 41frOiti: ttkalp lealorircteh *sit tiol II* had prooioed, *jot Xrit4 tlght itsrlasate mut Nookarists mail" ita$ laciAmo *Aiwa* they *or* AllioSs Sittife tt$4,,p taft 041,4Net ClOrill0440011- 01 tOla * loan of .14)0Ot 50 Oarop. 14,, yory, eittokro tond Wort Lthot It is. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001 R0001 0041 0007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 tan on abite background. As I understand from the junior ()Moors, Ralsze thei was from Berlin. On his shoulder straps he had the numerals 111G, it* gave tho appearaace of being a very strict disciplinmrian and was orthePriustsien type, but t this tine he was exceedingly nervouse Wawa Iesserevich than told Major Knot that at the Cbetvik Head. quarters at this noneut there yore both an American and a Russian officer, and t onm Major Khei's 6atat shake. Via ftasian lak* ntet in the room at the tine* Intateed of theta he lee Mang *rowed behind ate house with a Chetnik hat and overcoat on over Mt wafers* resserwrich told ths Maps* that ha would give h:tm 30 minutes to coke al, his mind, The Gomm *racer left the roost and got into his oar apitt said he *Quid eight. Colonel tesserevich was going to make him a prisoner then and there*. best I would not permit him to, because any time that I hut talked -4th is German ctficer? I had been permitted safe custody. I thou lett the taisaissik noadquArters with the Russian lieutenant aad met the Russian *442..0, .an4, told no that he would not shell the town if the Chetniks a** a$ tot* LI, act *add not permit the Partisans to attack the Ohetniks It the litek* Se also said that V* Ohotnike could have the German prisoners, ittef tht0 he wasted' t4si Otte ittsissians for hiss and Us troops to tlo with as isigt At' Operompos the Alibetnik 'Moors present ordered the attack, and savlixatle0 gruisoleo, erst them 04011.1 Xesserevieh. 'Ow Russian Major Ina I ettzli tele.** by !Matte* troevo. The Ohatniks ha4 tho olity ti Leit folfsoet the "Wotan oratry? etestt 11010 Os* NOW Moth made speeehos trot the boa NA Oen *Wok beadle ',tit 1 Wow this ereiNI. ;"Pt 17 .044,14,14taf*T Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 after tet, the Partisans commenced attecking ()betake and the Russian MONT swat an on:10er to stop then* Shortly arter that, 5 Russian General arrived, and he ordered all Witakit iisarmed* I uaver saw any Chetnit officers after that. This they di in 4:1ie oity equeire out on the plaza. but permitted tho Nadia troops to rotate their arse, and then had me plaoed under armed guard with fixed bay- onet** They started to disarm me, but I told them tf they took wq arms, they were snaking an AIIAlid officer a prisoner of war. With that, I was permitted ? to retain Umma* I entered a reetaurent with a Russian lieutenant under whose oustody E ad been placed, and two German officers approaohad me; and one a Colonel Viatt der Ohevsilette, in perfeet tntlieh tnformed vs that hi had flown down with his Olot (the other *Moor) troll* the German General Chief.of-Staff to areange tor tM ePortAmlatton of graljevo, Xruseirao, 1n4 Xreruevac, and request- 04 as ta take their Aftlez. and notify tbeir families that they were prisoners 0 the Rusalsnii, mod he also bogged miss if possible, to request the Rassions pult 1s moi hi* pil4t, ZM 1.114 fletneman, under Tay cuctody, but 1 told him thief, vs* Ns had lands4 that :morning in the middle of the tattle tbe airdrom with * mn*II plate, and was eaptured before they could take ogt* After vatting tor about two hoursiii this restaurant# Ives told that thos aAors4 ilooni6d to speak to m** lie was evidently a Drisadior Oeserol, and times loitesupotaito e roan, AE4 We told 04 the; another senerallisnted te 000 00 Z wee too twe theroes. *tore the other sonieral thiveited. tits#00 offieere Weide* the Nowt At-4040 dlaroopito the tom It ;4., :4 , Rtt, 0101..44 Ye el n I ? POIM Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 (two litPktenann-colonels and Ill colonel). One Lieutenant-Colonel could speak a few words of English, and he staked Vv.:ay identity und what I was doing in Serbia. I told hi* that I was a "weber of the Mission to Serbta for the evacuation of ainaens and to get inforlottion regardixg German troop activities. 114 also said to the General that it was Just like the Americans to try to win by politics instead of Ee sas pWty rough in his *saner of speaking. and then he and the other hi.p;her officers left the room. The last thing he said was? *You are not a pridonor*. Rowevers T was still under *reed guard. Ihen I was leaving the rct I requested my gum and th,.# r*tended not to understand se. A RUWAUM soldier rith a bayonet bleeked soy to the bed where I thought ay pumas* Be potnted his bayonet so but I walked right by ignorIng Mao Md he alvideatNy ewe not quite sure of at to do. nen I pulled up the maftreas of the bed, I found my gie under it. Thom wes bud downstairs into the street where I waited under guard fi bre* wore hours until darts During that time. I saw the White RUNSitA *earls earohed by and herded into lot, and later marched off, the Alemolen tter Gefterel, who was VW most nervous and maniacal tep. *Oman t have ever seen* woe 'taking around, shouting order* to everyone. Aft lust *bout 41010. Iwo *the Ruicsiam Lioutenent4Olonel 'oho had interrogated Ass* *ad tiol ordered vie tato tar with mprilJed guard to be taken to mhere-1 tiemt hew" Itvtpg too. Way persoaa4 effecite. I heard shot/ trek the dtreetion Whims $ae Ohite Nolt*A. MA U." ilakOmv SomeboOy hati stelmalW Witin00001 that tines +had iky leather 00 004 .40A jH7c, Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25 :CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 The automobiles had been taken .11.cm the Chetniks. woo ordered ta drire cm* or the Fords, and a 1ieutenant-co1=e1 with a tansy- gum, sad a guard withft tamcl-gun, got in with**. 1The two GWVAU officers were loaded into the American weapons oarrier, with am saved 1;uftH,. and a Ruesian General and several under-ofticers got into Whoa I asked the Lieutenant-Colonel whew, ve were going he wouldn't ens- metros, 'ft left L.usevac in s northeasterly dirsotion, and when the oars broke dawn an the road severml Uses, they would yell for the Morioka and come back mud take mo tissia finally, both :Porde broke down, and we left one in a vtliate *hers ewe Partisans in civilian clothes, Int with a. red *tar an their cape, Artth toss, patrolliim this to* E thought, "This is the end este if ipreeeeded Ind they made at steer the car that was t,wed behind the weapons asrler. 14 arrived mt ft town just outside at Perasinwhere I was tttiorrogoteit until 2:30 in the warning by a 11044114A intalligenea offilor. hs44, to tgl hist the, ewes td,,ing that X, told. the *Meer* in [mamma, and X ',Oki. ht* Oreug4 as, interpret**, I* fromok4 XI tads-NA upon knowing *here trit4.04 t4tIald videl1/4 mid ity 04124,414aariso. imn I told I did not know, he fan* 0. WI" Sgairs'*1, tile Al.. i d**d$ oknot, where vti radio- Cloys *as* 1Thian, to14 hi* I di nc* bolt *44 boom* meediftir angry* *ivied $ot hts the oiremattiOsto of the morntass, mut h04, the eit4a4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 - Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 am e ?nazis school, Ze told ego t;hat I was 4ing and that he had attended caw undor British direction in &weal," end that he had the neves and dates et graduates of these schools In the world, and that he knew mine all*. He then uo If 1 had met or soot hey RUISW1 agents and, of course* / hadn't, and ha rwelled* *That proves haw clever our men I. demi/LA:led to know what special instructions I had, but I 'would not tfl tin anythisi. Be asked 1110 what the 3seos thought of the Russians, and told, kin that German premanda had :milt up a fear in the people of Russian terrorise* but that I had told the Serbs that the Ruasions were our Allies ana wi0a 4fl40141inod 711la ikeemns, to plotoo htme aftor I tsinterrogation, he sent is at into a rose in a hut with seven *ther Eturatia1, aiettpin on the floor around the roost., but requested sie tom, Alusetta be cui hedr.roll in his tom,- TOM Pit I lwe tiddan avrnotgelook Inside my clothing, but had left mother cue eart potkot lb hop** that if X vas seihreNtd while/ eileopi they 'would think the *a laity shirt posvot we* the oily me I had* when I returned to the rule *hors I had been Interrotated, I saw that srl sueette bag and all of my etrsoists hed bese eserohed* Ale* I had eater* inlay 'musette beg with the rile tti ifte.fts atro4ities that, had twos eomittelt showing soma Chstnik per.. alma/444s on tit I was 166king for my Shoving on:istpaism*. r unloadood the femora, , nipped 4-ive Ms oat* end suek in an *%4 1,00 outtidt to *hat*, End. 'A* RussAen MaJer eald to see 704 kW)*a Oitera ,tnyotr 444 Umtata. 1 had It" tiv tawtsitoliolg spot whon I Went outaide oeig "YOsi Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 bat Waif no good*. Htt ss.id, *Mat pictures have you blur. tol.-inkit" I told blzt that I had r:ot u,1(90c. savr pioturos because I couldntt get the film to work 611. Om ratcheti cnd did not think it was worth bothering with. I 1'U:tad the refesmea *as Gokrryitt it wits because it vas Vnited States GOTATTOICat yrOyartF* and, I was a4countable for it, but added,. ITOWW70r# you may have the collar* if ytm th,Ink rou cco, meta it work. end I will tell sr officers that I pont, tt to a Russian On* *gain he lzforitod se that I was not a prisoner. so I railhead hill thorei was en Ant-rice& Mission in Bulgaria, sad he said no. fle niked sie tom oxpeotri,4 to get in seataot with lay superiors. I told him if he return- ed, a. to. Srusweso. they would eventually hoar of sty whereabouts and would probabll !mod a plan* for re. or else they could notify the Russian Missio, itt Seri. So replied that they had AO eOntefti$ by radio. tht tit.5n *eked se save:rill tines how I *maid get in touoh with ny fkAd I told ii that I did, not knew Afire 'Ywe was, and therefore could not rit trwi tOuvrt witA hits. This he disbelieved *err istwoh? thortly atter that, Ines taken &On to tlwe road, end leaded VI an Misreisoal trite* with lite two earttitit *Meer** wand aim guards. ton oinutos *nor ottlto I woo Wm* ogAt ef there pad rt* into a eeptured Gertitai scout tier it tit lit iti rt41,010 11-usliwn Lieuterastst 0.1onel4 the two Gersten prioonikre, sad broitiom ttrwori, toretre ioavinto WI* tussle* Gantwein. cm. Olvile to lite and asked ise miter* etotlyois OM/ Gad 1 tist 11#34,121 tiwi did not Mire OM. With that* 4e. pelt44 Wtittor on lir 0114 mikat *Tiovfvo Irint tt) 1610,* ; atiiivtoirket klt7"# Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 J ' A 7. , 4.01.0vit",,_______ueciassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25 ? CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 -24i* saying that hos could prove that through hi* offioers in Krustrao; and when I waked hto etetre they were taking se* he refused to answer. He also said eon', ems cot aa Amerloan Viiiisiort in Bulgaria. I told him that T had heard. thore vel *ucha mixmisgn from tit annomn4ement by BBC. A.41n he said* ''You are not a prisoner, but we have to be very oareful because you mi ht be a Gar* n spy in an American uniform." He also informed .44* that coo* aletniks had atta,,eked Pussian troops at Varvarin, ead also in th4 Balli.eise area* Avothar t2* an Colonel asked for my carbine as a gift beoauce woulotOt a**d it an/moree Th. teI Uua officer*, the Russian Lieutenant.Colonel and I loft in a aorthrtaster12 diteetLon. $n touts we were sideswiped by a truok driven by RIsetab soldier. The Colonel got out of our or mid while the Russian sadism stood at salute, he beat hin unoonscious with hi o tammygun, and them ticked him in the Cao*. Re took his tommygun and tinv our driver over U he IlaApt putting a cash in his head. We then proceeded on our way, and the tint Lnkling T had army whersaboute was when the Russian Colonel tapped sor am Ow shoulder *A4 said "You are now leaving Yugoslaria and mitering 344srt*** The oice 4roke down, and we hitehhiked a ride into Vidin in an Amier200ft truek. the majority cf vehieies were American, and X countad allesty heavy R4.41$811 tacks els* convoye 1114114$ westward. *it gravy-a theles at 4*40 Eg mai pieced in a room with the Hunt, ftts ttlae* Lft* lMir juordt end they *ere taken out sinriy for interro? 0nm SECR t'?"--.", 75-:?,'af '-`'./gij"..it.:y.rfp.tasae*r.,J,red,tifizatiffpaytiVANtretaitiffilt#4.1.t itl.;"04.,`"."'"' " ''''..! "r'"??,' '":1 a 411104a0404,7 E?fle4rra 44?4,0,`,54..,,,''' -"">?,-4 ',- ? - ... I , 1 Ft -I.: t't '4'.'".- ? ' ,$ .1. ,, , : ' , - ., .-.-L-,lit, .,,,, .? . ..... - ?J . -.'1:---- ' . ,., .,, 7,, , ',... "4;4 .c.-?;': ". ?? - j?1 ,, ,?t...; _ :,..-...' ?.? l?-?? ' ' ? , .- 1. .-1-1,',:.' -', ,.... ,- - ?..".? ; 7-,?'.., t ? , " ?.?!..! ? a 4 y _,,,,?,,,.. ,... . 1,,,,e, ? 7.SILV:10 t ' ' , Ot ,..1 ? ..4,. 1,..,A 1 74.15-' ; ..- .V.;.-,:- .' e.:ezak:, ' --- Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25 : CIA-Rnip""^-- . .4 ' ???, Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 7he German Lieutenant Colonel told Ise that the night before he had been interrogated in relays -knd had not been allowed to sleep, and the Gem= pilot had been forced to sleep on a Chair. They had not been fed, and neither had I, up to this this. I was removed from this house and slept Ai ,, command office where two rftlgar laborers were sleeping an the floor, and I had a dirty, old, iron tod. Previous to that, they took me down to a MOSS hall ',old fed me sane riee and cold gravy with a bucket of weak tea. =MO leo: &boat BOO All? two Russl en Majors came to see me. One spoke English fairli well, and el, fter making the lime inquiries as all the others, they told me there was no miesicatn Bulgaria* Therefore, they would send a rt or t eacow to notify the American Legation that. I was here. t aliked them to contaat the Russian litosiou In Italy. They said they tad no, conta3t. They also said they had no planes flying to Italy. then asked them if there was any chance of giAtin g tc Istanbul, swered no. 71141 said 1 at wait until they received a reply Old Voscew, They again kid ae that I was not a prisoner, and when I arnkee than t f had the freedom of the town, they said it night be dam- 4'4MM !I.O.M.*. r s81ble Ul gartiu:t provoositors for r?syta13,04 on or U.S. ttosii44igte at 5efia* They 44404 ICIA, to tell thi about U. reeftnaissanee schools, and t 64,34? titalta tiwr wgro ikto diftetwitt tram the Itiasslas a frtr knew', old ust love* Isr for aerial pheegrophy. it. 040.40. 1?X nirfer thoivett an 4, ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 loeriaar ofricer had nerve mough to be in tlki3se govntries by himself*" XIS 'wet atraia. Cor my life. I was.-but I told him the i1.11.10s.iats had ileac :rave at StatirTrad. I asked for a Rtaszian a4)11.1.,r assm escorts oad for them to give him paper 31toitlasJJ tdatitity itL ,asse I War stopped ou the atresta. Frau this time tr. var meal* more sereoti at the Generals' mess. La this mornitgI 1AS notiried that a RUSSIAA Lieutenant Colonel ',amid tall ?or MA. with La awtmahile* * RU441.1S2. Lieutenant oallad for me, egad took Jae to a house where I was given a aig glass of Vodka, and a Itutsden Ratior,, a 44, rer end I were put tato a jeep. A 11114 UMUtellikrit Calconala a Russian Itajor and a Russian WAC with a Russian driver, ware in mmxtlitot Iparu?a oar* aan notvd hers ths.tt *II Russian officers tram Major on up, .lairss ;hosts= VAC. la up*. t*Txtry they wouldn't Worm me as to our destination* eve* on rtrete, ea, onewittfues in,diostitg. that we were headed for Oksinge4 vehicles sweral ikon, and was finally brought to the Wmfeettdol lotsUeett4r$eiti** At** iliAtsig teiltiVtiti* root for two hours* n-bin not 14%ov/i4 *SO vOet gotag *kg * Itiseetea itiattut os4 amid, to swe izt perreot battletto,:ftoitlotend' tige I. moo I would not be 101400ftle 000.4 Ole** libtsir? WZgsimir Mid*isai heortieene, there, WI Ithon . estow4140 owsitgliotteles Sr otmgrUi.411 i*,1146,01, illiktMlfrf IA* Juat , Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 sald they *ere British and tonericar offisers* An VeAntr later, I was taken into the office of another RUSCittA ti4utetant Col*nel and he informed me thst they. mould telephone the Ansel-toga %last= to owe an0 set me. Be then ordered t meal for me* arrlved 4t the Americuultissica villa at about 10:45 111,* I ova say the younger Russian offioers, 'were the most cordial to fo.d rwspected America, but not the others* The ,tussiuns were tntensftly ?roud of their ustufacturtng ability Ind thotr factories, 'vld scorned the peasant and agricultural countries of the BaIkens The, museiun army lived off of the land like t rmurm of lo- meta., smd the short time the tt I vita iAtalgaris, see told that the *bleak aarket* VOA itoreasing rapidly. The short time that Iloss in ilmloirta? I vas unable be see the coat system usod by the Russians in hoottng foOdi alma. other euppltesh but I lime told by a Dulevtan school tasahsr that rce4 was very *Woo ard diffieult to get, partio;:larly 044,00**? sa4bals, 46,n4 other locally $rown produce, The itheLitente of 114tamor* rereed tor wait for their bread delivery until lute iulhe afternoon oflor sal tirrittot belted for the itmetteA gerrlion end Russian convoy, poweite deo it *lee tofokelble, to oven obtain breed' In my ooriFerocx an with, a %Mies zAjort be avolegteed for the quality of the- elms* thel he4 tio 004 ate et filo 040orelot *AO beeeute %%to that time the %0INtillms /404 dot rioth*rwt to tromOrtirthoir tom-food. nen, IliMAybfed the Nolo #014tof #004 tt of Urge titles of veak;tee) baCT44 rt-0404. gr n *41 ollionit it 'with ooersti bleak ittrOwle tqotootor,? to.:4m. doslto brio tOit,0" Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 stapplies La Ai *001u Roes:tulip* A Bulgar* a former s?udett at the Amortean V-Iversity. $ofirs toln ',-to that th* Ruscians were paid oy the aAokricr, .;overumvrt La local eurreaoy aecsuer the Russians would not ceimit the* r4b-lo ta be exehlweedIn. 0!aria oy the soldisre* A ,,11.1ear echaca toaahor told ma that the Russigno wore well.bohaved qattl they started driulzint, and then they would shoot off fireunns And out to** * All sehoals ir vidin were closed because the 1:10.1dings were used .:Arreek* and ilcspit41** There were quits a few 04408 or typhus in the %espltale* laaeral nol, or tho Americ ission, told me that they had been httloted !two day' before of my presence with the Ruse= troops, and had expeottl no 4t ttm?, 4CTODOR 14$ About three In the aTte' moork. out Amterisan plans arrived with supplies elr thA*arteart lAsetena0 anArrived trt BAH Lct About ts16 PM* After r4porting to IIS r vitt out 01 the AftorloAx hospital aild Ent some slooping ,ostotsr-s tar the tIrst etoplets pleht's sloop 14 coven wooks? qttOvvt. OM faip sorlito4 or attobor P#I was advised by the ortioora At DAri *ovot vowold not !to tAro for me to vtoy tn hhAt riolutty1 and that alkovVe t4tota egr. Caserta* Tha ramson ga* advisod that it wcluldi b. un. 44-1$00trsivs 'VW* t-4 Uri WAS duo to tho fut that bho ftrtimann had twawA00#0 tlut aere41 at tho Hoop, ne h# orrioori with t1? Anarioan Mto? is4wgow,4140 01904 Ls Lha mold Itad tontt a floath warrant ond ordtri to *tli Apo* km Atortottn otrtooY* A100 Mr Wit wor0 bOmomint Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 more, dena.naimg in their if -rot already known of ofTiters with the lases sta Ins.r1, ! reroltinod requests from the Allies and oases were suspected attaoks having peen committed tzlinst Allied be placed on local Italitna. During sly short arted. arriviA t.t Caserta in the sfternocook Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 I 1 1 1 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ? t ? ??? 41! Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 ? ? ? ? 4 . P." ? ? ? ^ C.-???? ? - ? 4, ? ? 411 IN'??? r e41 . . ? ? ' , ? , ? _ 4.3 ?- ? :r.' ? II ? ? (??? *; _ ? t ??' ? ? 7 *4.; v. , ? - ?? ; i? ? , 41141 . *At Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/09/25: CIA-RDP13X00001R000100410007-2 7* ? ?? ? - ??.:"