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December 9, 2016
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September 19, 1974
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Approved For Release 2001/08/08 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100340006-4 INTERNAL USE ONLY This publication contains clippings from the domestic and foreign press for YOUR BACKGROUND INFORMATION. Further use of selected items would rarely be advisable. 4 OCTOBER 1974 CHILE SPECIAL Destroy after backgrounder has served its purpose or within 60 days. Approved For Release 2001/08/08 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100340006-4 'Approved For Release 2001/08/08 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100340006-4 WASHINGTON STAR 19 Sept. 19141 r By Tom Dowling Star :Yews Staff Writer Here in brief is the: meat of the CIA Chile scenario: $11 million was shelled out to cor- rupt the free Chilean electoral process in order to guarantee the election of an incor- ruptible, democratic government. Accord- -in- to Gerry Ford, part of the money was spent to insure the survival of a free press and flourishing opposition parties so that Allende could be overthrown and murdered in order to install a regime that would shut down the press and jail the dissenting oppo- sition. Well, that's inflation for you. Why, in the old days we used to be able to destroya Vietnamese village in order to save it for the PX price of a Zippo,. a box of flints and a can of lighter fluid. No, the dollar just doesn't stretch that far any more, especial- ly in Chile where a wheelbarrow of pesos doesn't buy a good steak dinner, much less a tidy, old-fashigned Yankee-sponsored coup. THE CHILEAN ESCAPADE has stirred l up a considerable uproar; leaving some commentators to suggest that the CIA be; abolished, a Gordian knot proposal with which I hasten to associate myself. All the . same, it is bootless to waste any breath; chastising the CIA as the culprit of this shameful affair. There is a rna;dm in the, philosophy of logic known as Occam's razor which states that it is vain to explain the whole with more entities when fewer will do just as well. It is therefore not the va- garies of the CIA's operations which are at issue, but those who are ultimately respon- sible for supporting and activating the CIA. After all, the CIA is merely a bureaucratic instrument wielded by the President and his mystical 40 Committee, and overseen by Congressional committees. The CIA Chilean conspiracy is scarcely a flabbergasting departure from what passes for normality in American post-war nation- al. security doctrine: right wing coups in Guatemala, Iran, Greece; U-2 flights; Bay of Pigs invasions; secret wars in Laos; Watergate complicity; the manipulation of the National Student Association. These schemes, whether they backfire or nor, are fundamentally inimical to the idea of human freedom, which makes the CIA an institution repugnant to the democratic spirit that presidents and congressmen must necessarily support at least to get reelected. NOT SURPRISINGLY then, the only hon- est statement to emerge from this whole Chilean fiasco was made by director Wil- liam Colby, who questioned the wisdpm of his agency's informing Congress of its fu- ture "dei:cate" activities since candor in the Chilean fiiatter had revealed policies so outrageous that Congress had no choice but to expose them. In effect, Colby is saying that to oifciently subvert other democra- cies the president's 40 Committee members must either lit! to the Congress, or. exact promise that truthful testimony in executive session, however grisly' its moral content may be, For Re will not be taken amiss byApproved a few loud-mouthed con gressional hot-heads., To give Colby his due, he has a neat and unarguable point-as far as it goes. The rub is that, on the one hand, there are per- jury laws covering con- gressional testimony; and, on the other, there are increasingly fewer congressmen whose de- sire to hear the truth is strong enough to merit risking their political sur- vival by an advance pledge of blanket support for the truth, however repellent it may be. AS A RESULT, you have a CIA nominally controlled by a president and overseen by a con- gress, all of whose self-in- terest requires that they remain as profoundly ignorant of agency activi- ty as possible. It's the Watergate principle of deniability all over again. Of course, Chuck Col- son doesn't want Howard Hunt to tell him what hap- pened inside the DNC headquarters. Such infor- mation only makes Colson more liable to a perjury count when he goes be- fore the grand jury. Of course, no president wants to know exactly what CIA projects his predecessor allegedly set in motion. If the scheme goes well, he can't take .any public credit for it anyway; if, as seems more likely, it backfires, the blame can always be subtly shifted to a prior administration . as with the Bay of Pigs. Of course, Congress doesn't want to hear how the CIA actually plans to spend its appropriations. After all, no one. wants to wake up one morning to see Allende's corpse in the newspaper and have to say to himself: Oh, yeah. I remember now. That's what they :wanted that SiI million bucks for. AND SO THE CIA goes its way, in an instrument presidents and con- gresses are pleased to have at their disposal, as long as the honor pre- cludes any responsibility for controlling it. Instead, the Congress instituted a gentlemen's agreement to up to, then you fuzz it up and lie a little bit and the- re'll be no hard feelings. 4i-'hat the hell, what we don't know can't hurt us. By and large, it was a .serviceable and safe com- pact. But, in these par- lous Watergate times, the .good bureaucrat is well advised to cover his tracks with maximum prudence. So when they hauled old Colby up to the House for closed CIA hearings, he told the truth, which is said to set men free-from perjury raps among other things. And in telling the truth the whole elaborate gen- tlemen's agreement came apart at the scams. Be- cause, of course, Colby's predecessors and associ- ates had all been expect- ed to lie. Some of them did it with suppleness, others with baldness, but all of them with slavish elan. Their president and their congress thought highly of them for it. SO NOW THE suave Richard Helms faces the clink for lying so loyally. Kissinger is once again accused of deception. As- sorted other State Depart- ment and CIA minions can look forward to the ruination of their careers, if not convictions for per- jury. With a unanimous tut-tut of horrified aston- ishment the Senate For- .nq rat) eign Relations-Committee will conduct hearings on the Chilean prevarica- tions. Even I am disinclined to accept such an esti- mate of congressional ob- tuseness. The fact, obvi- ous to anyone, is that Kissinger's successful foreign policy m-achina- tions .to take merely the best example-are based on his immense gift as a liar. The enormous appro- bation he enjoys among presidents and con- gresses alike resides in the facility. the sober integrity, the self-effacing wit with which he envel- ops one whopper after another. His success abroad is predicated on the fact that foreigners believe him. Indeed. his lies are so credible that, even now that the rules of congressional testimony have been changed on him in midstream,-the Congress and the Presi- dent can look us right in .the eye without blinking and say: Gosh, he sounded so convincing, I believed him. It looks like Henry, the $0 committee and the CIA pulled the wool right over our eyes. And mugs that we are we'll buy it, content once more to let those with re- sponsibility shift the blame to others. WASHINGTON POST Olt October 197" . Anti?CJ A Group l,i_)DO\-.Former CIA, agent Philip Agee an- nounced that an interna- tional committee would he formed to campaign against the intelligence '-wherever it operates'. 110 sa:d ih ` ._4 `un .taut, in- clude former CIA agents. At a news confercenlce here, Agee also released a list of tzeople he said were CIA operatives in Mexico. leatl, I% "~ P77-00432F~000100340006-4 Approved For Release 2001/08/08 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100340006-4 WASHINGTON STAN, 19 September 1974 '-W llfan F0' c llev The word is out that Ambas- sador Daniel Patrick Moynihan has expressed in a secret cable the dismay with which he meets the news that the CIA' attempted to "interfere" with the election of Chilean Presi- dent Salvador Allende. Moyni- han is a man of great principle, and he is especially embar-, rassed because he personally reassured Mrs. Gandhi that the United States was not inter- fering with Chilean politics., A State Department official, while not conceding that we have done anything improper in Chile, acknowledged that Moynihan was indignant, but then remarked that "Pat is always indignant." He has a lot to be indignant about. THE CIA-CHILE controversy' is hugely subtle and interest- ing. Last year Moynihan per- suaded the United States to` tear up several billion dollars in notes owed by India to the United States. Now India is a terribly mis= anaged country, and the pov- rty there appalling.. There are ndians (I know one, a very rominent Indian) who believe hat U.S. aid to the govern- ents of India during the post- war period was arrant interfer- ence in Indian politics. We took the position that we were mere- ly performing humanitarian deeds. I do not doubt that was -our motive. And I do not doubt that was our motive in attempting to help the resisters to Allende. Moreover, if we had succeeded, Chile would have been spared the miserable; dirty, despotic tribulations it is enduring at this moment. That doesn't, of course, dis- pose of the point that State Department officials apparent- ly. misled., congressional com- mittees. Put that aside, for the moment, as a democratic dilemma. IT IS A PITY that critics of CIA involvement in Chile do not put the situation in context. It is made to appear as though we uniquely desired to fashion the will of the Chilean people. In the year before Allende came to power: 1) Soviet and East European films were shown regularly in commercial theaters, univer- sities, clubs, and on television -paid for by the Soviets. 2) The Soviet Union pub- lished a -picture magazine edited for Chilean consump- tion, with a circulation of. 10,= 000. (In U.S. terms, that would be the equivalent of 200,000.) 3) The Communist party of Chile, under Soviet domination, produced a bimonthly theoret- ical journal and a daily news- paper. 4) The Soviet Union, Cuba, Czechoslovakia and Poland participated in trade fairs in- cluding cultural and technical exhibits, including one, exhibit of over 500 Marxist books contributed by the USSR. One exhibit was devoted to "Yankee aggression in Vietnam." , 5) Communist news agencies included China, Cuba, East Germany, Tass, and Novosti. 6) The USSR broadcasts 73 hours per week in Latin Amer- ica, East European countries 84 'hours, Communist China 28 hours. And Cuba 163 hours. 7) Soviet officials made available program tapes to provincial radio stations. One station carried a weekly pro- gram produced by Chilean stu- dents at Lumumba University. The Communist party conduc- ted regular programs on a Santiago station and on six provincial stations. WHAT SHOULD the United States do, under such circum- stances? In another connection, INQUIR t THE PHEADZURTA 2 SEP 1974 Should CIA. io public? To judge from his comments to the after all, it does belp us get what we want. That, we hope, is a minority view cress this week about the Central Intel- right now. Beyond that, -Yr. Ford seems ligence Agency, President Ford has de- convinced that the cold war is still on tided on a new policy of candor and and still justifies any tactics we may plain speaking. He frankly said the CIA care to use against governments we will go right on being as deceptive and don't trust. Former President Nixon's underhanded as ever. That's letting it, optimism. about an "era of cooperation all gang out.,, instead. of confrontation" evidently left Mr. Ford had to say something, of the scene with him. course, and his choices were rather lim- Obviously this country must have an, Ited. He couldn't very well denounce the efficient worldwide intelligence system. CIA, particularly now- when congress- Pe Qb comes when. the system starts men are queuing up on,.all :sides to in- making other governments' decisions for vestigate its role in bringing down the them, and enforcing the decisions by Allende government in. Chile. On the criminal means. Whatever this approach other hand, he couldn't come out four- may` do for other countries [not much, square for unlimited undercover med- we suspect], for us it succeeds mainly dling by one nation in the internal poll- in setting off riots outside United States tics of another. ... _ . embassies and discrediting American in- So he took a middle course, explaining tentions and policies everywhere. ThQ: time may have come to change that everybody engages in this sort of meddling and suggesting that it is very bad except when we do it. The explana- tion is not, let us say, perfect. After seeing one President destroyed by Watergate, it is not comforting to hear from the new President that there's something to be said for lawbreaking- Ambassador Moynihan., in- dignant over America's supine presence in the United Nations, cabled prescriptions not in- applicable in attempting to understand the Chilean situa- tion. "There was a saying around the Kennedy White House: don't get mad, get even . . . what has come over us? Forget about a slander on our honor? What have we become? Any country that does not support ds on a matter of consequence not only damages the United Nations, but must quietly be brought to under- stand it is damaging itself. I looked down the list of those who go along by abstaining. In half of them the present regimes would collapse without American support or American acquiescence. To hell with it. "Something specifically bad should happen to each one of them, and when it has hap- pened they should be told that Americans take the honor of their democracy most serious- ly, and never issue warnings to tl'-se who would besmirch that honor. When that happens, something extraordinarily dis- agreeable happens next, and the victim is left to figure it out for himself." But for that sort of thing, don't bring in the CIA? our .approach to the whole business. Tr e .might, - for instance, deembhasize the cloak-and-dagger scene-which is get .g a bit'old-fashioned. and counterproductive anyway-,-and try something really new: A public-spirited CL4. A force of frank, manly, plainspoken intelligence agents may be just what the world is wait.- for. CL4 agents could be clearly identified by lapel badges. These should carry the agent's full name and say something engaging, like "Hi, there!" Operatives should be friendly but frank with the people they're spying on; interviewees should be asked to speak up and talk directly into the agent's martini olive. Any secret drawers around should be plainly labeled "Secret Drawer." It would -be a wholly new, tharoly American approach to spying, and it would completely paralyze enemy agents. They'd spend all their time try- ing to figure out what we were really up to. pp or vet For Release 2001/08/08 :'CIA-RDP77-00432R00010034000'6-4 Approved. For Release 2001/08/08 : CIA-RDP77-00432R000100340006-4 LONDON TIMES 20 September 1974 Activities of tile CIA. in Chile From Mr Miles Copeland Sir, In their present isolationist mood, many Americans will be at cross as you appear to be to learn that, once again, their Government has been meddling in the internal affairs of a foreign country. On the other hand, there is a growing realization in the United States of the extent to which we have allowed ourselves to become dependent on resources which must be imported from abroad, and that in the inter- ests of survival we have no choice but to practice- a bit of imperialism here and there. For good or for bad, right or wrong, the have committed our- selves to a technologically based economy which requires iinpot'ts ranging from platinum from South Africa to aluminum from Australia and Guinea, as well as a number of minerals, known facetiously. to bur national strategists as " chronim- iuni ", required to make steel resist. ant to high temperatures, to tnanu' facture high speed machinery, and to maintain our electronic indus- tries. Our Government no longer publishes lists of "strategic " and "critical " materials (there is no reason we should advertise to our suppliers the extent to which we are at their mercy), but in the course of some enquiries I recently made on behalf of a client I was* told that we are no more than " a few months " ahead in our stockpil- ing of some items on which our industrial complex is "absolutely` dependent. We buy what we need at current world market prices. If we see one of our supplying countries about to come under the domination of hos- tile powers which might deny us what we need for survival we expect. our Government to do something about it. Since gunboat diplomacy and other "overt" means are um workable these days, we must turn to the covert means which are-or should be-in the hands of the agency which knows how to use them discreetly and efficiently. If helping independent electoral can- didates to stand up to candidates. supported by the Russians, the Chinese or the Cubans is "imperial. ism ", so be it. The fault of the CIA in Chile was that, being gunshy from the bad press it had been getting in the days of Vietnam, it came in with too little too. late. Although intelli. gence estimates clearly indicated that something in the neighbour. hood of $12,000,000 would be re- quired to match aid which Allende was getting from abroad, the CIA put up something less ' than 55,000,000-11lost of which, Ameri- can business concerns in Chile are convinced, was never spent. That e CIA late $3 000,000th to "destabilizes" Allen, de's Government is nonsense Mr WASHINGTON. STAR 20 September 1974 aSpBt l r 1 6 Milo 1o Y,ttrki4 When the White House press corps challenged President Ford on U.S. intervention in Chile, they squeezed him' into a tight little crevice between the morality anti practicality of foreign policy, That press conference produced the rare spectacle of the President of the United States admitting that we use our wealth and our might to try to control the destinies of other nations, partly be- cause we assume our ideological foes are doing the same. As the only newsman around who has been a member of the Forty Committee, that small offshoot of the National Se curity Council which approves and oversees U.S. clandestine activities abroad, it may help if I give you a re- port on just what goes on -- and how the issues of morality sometimes conflict, THIS IS A RUTHLESS, dirty world where, despite talk of detente, the ideo- logical struggle never ends. So the powerful meddle constaptly in the af- fairs of the weak