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December 19, 2016
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September 19, 2005
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July 23, 1975
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117358 Approved For Re16QW 9 QIV: IA R lied the scent by now, and it soon came out that Nedzi, as chairman of that Armed Serv- ices subcommittee, had been briefed on CIA assassination plots more than a year before and, once again, had done nothing. With .this news in hand, the select committee Democrats rebelled, demanding a different chairman. But "Speaker Albert balked at dealing with the controversy, advising pa- tience, and the full House later gave Nedzi a resounding vote of confidence by refusing to accept his resignation. This left Nedzi in committee with. which he re- tused to and the investigation came to A major reason-for that vote and the sub- Sequent select committee stalemate is what was happening back at Armed Services. Gurtously tila$ o r? 3 .te's leaderghtp_ija np~t}~~_[1.ueatinn nP ml~ accEe?- tided to take tcr"its--tla sifecl files--stemmlr from tt,e C;fl-Xe--contraver;yiiina _ mnntha-Zie?o=mat ti[e-very'moment when Mr. Nedzl's failure as an overseer of intelligence operations had come to national attention. On June 10. five clays after The New Yorlc.Times broke the story of Nedzi's inaction on assassination schemes and at the height of the controversy over his remaining as Seleot Committee chairman, House Armed Services met in an Improperly announced closed session and, 'without a quorum present, voted unani- mously to bar me from further access to its files. No notice had been given me that this action was being considered-in, fact I didn't find out about it until two days later. I won't dwell on the several ways in which this action, rearmed at a later date by a narrow majority of the total committee, was itself a violation of House rules, except to say that a committee cannot take away the privileges a congressman holds under. the rules of the House as a-whole-one such privilege being access to all committee records, regardless of committee member- fillip. A mom telling point is the action's glaring hypocrisy. Columnist Jack Anderson, for example; was iluick to say that he has received leaks of classified information from many mem- bers of House Armed Services on many oc- There are only two ways to avoid that posi- tion. You can stick your head in the sand and ? let the administration handle such things, or you can challenge the terms of the game Itself, for the game is basically a fraud. Certainly the United States heeds a first-rate intelligence gathering system, and maintain- ing that system will require that -we keep some secrets. But the acceptance of a clas- sificatlon system gone wild-the mindless rubber-stamping of every conceivable piece of information with the national security label-has obscured the distinction between legitimate intelligence gathering and manlp- ulation of people and institutions. It has provided the cover for almost every-kind of - crime and impropriety at home, and it has sanctioned covert adventures overseas that have done tremendous damage to our inter- national standing. After 10 years of Vietnam and the Water- gate affair, the American people understand this, They know that their leaders have lied routinely, cloaking arrogance and bullying and greed in terms of the national interest. They know that a secret agency that. ,can overthrow a foreign government is a threat to democracy here. They know that a Con- gress that will turn away or masquerade to hide those kinds of actions can, also dis- semble in its handling of just about any- thing else. The Congress knows this, too, but refuses to admit it. And that is why the House Investigation of US intelligence oper- ations will remain a touchy undertaking no matter who is diong the Investigating. In the - back of every member's mind is the uncom- fortable sense that the biggest scandal in the sordid story of CIA wrongdoing is the failure of effective oversight-the cover-tip by the . The SPEAKER pro tempore. Under a previous order of the House, the gentle- man from New York (Mr. BrNCNAM) is recognized for 10 minutes. [Mr. GINGHAM addressed the House. His remarks will appear hereafter in the Extensions of Remarks.] casions---"X have no difficulty getting secrets. out of that committee when I want them,"he said. There are tolerable leaks and in- tolerable leaks, apparently, and- the chair- acterizatton depends not on the strict dictates of the rules but-on the current in- terests of the committee leadership or the Executive branch. -- The Armed Services action was perfectly timed to- shift the focus of debate on the handling of classified material from Lucien Nedzi to Michael Harrington. And at least over the short term, the tactic seems to have worked. Certainly it contributed to the out- pouring of affection for the harried select committee chairman who just happened to have his resignation considered by the House on .the day of the second Armed Services vote against me. From the swirl of pub- liclty over another member's endangering of the nation's defenses, Mr. Nedzi was borne up on wings of 'angels. The vote was 290 to 64. If one talces P. step back from all of this, what emerges is not a narrow controversy over a chairmanship and a member's prerog- atives, but a pattern of congressional acqui essence in the seductive game of shared secrets. It starts with. the pleasant feeling of being privy to things unknown to the ordinary citizen, but it works very much like blackmail. The more you know about dublous secret operations,, the more you are respon- sible for hiding, and the, more you hide, the tighter the grip of the State Department or the CIA or the Pentagon. A large part of Lucien Nedzi's problem is that' he got to know so many and such distasteful secrets HEARING OF SUBCOMMITTEE `ON MONOPOLIES AND COMMERCIAL' LAW OF COMMITTEE ON THE JU- DICIARY ON JULY 30, 1975 The SPEAKER pro tempore. Under a- previous order of the House, the gentle- man .from New Jersey (Mr. Roimlo) is recognized for 5 minutes. ?- Mr. RODINO. Mr. Speaker, the Sub- committee on Monopolies and Com- mercial Law of the Committee on the Judiciary, of which I am chairman, an- nounces- that it will hold a hearing on present and past energy investigations by the Department of Justice and the Federal Trade Commission on Wednes- day, July 30, 1975, at 9 a.m. in committee room 2141 of the Rayburn Building. TIIE WEEK OF WEEKS---CAPTIVE NATIONS WEEK '75 The SPEAKER pro tempore. Under a previous order of the House, the gentle- man from Pennsylvania (Mr. Fzoon) is recognized for 5 minutes. Mr. FLOOD. Mr. Speaker, the 1975 observance of Captive Nations Week, was, indeed, a week of. weeks. Sym- bolically, accidentally, partially con- trived or otherwise, during ? what week of the year is there packed in one a 0020Q24=3 July 4J y _..L-975; captive peoples, the President's sllppoxt,. of the week, Kissinger's declamation _ of. the Russian writer as- a threat to peace,:':`. ciom fighter, the orbital detente Apollo-Soyuz, and the culmination of'the hers are interested in many examples of the observance as compiled by ' the ;Fist, proclamations by Mayor Vincerit'v A. Cianci, Jr., of Providence, Rx,; Mayor Bartholomew F. Guida of New 73aven,'.'' Conn.; Mayor Robert 13. Doyle, Jr.' oP Mobile, Ala.; Mayor Jack C. Hunter; of.? Youngstown, Ohio; and Mayor Tliolnas- G. Dunn of -Elizabeth, N.J.; Second, an editorial on "The~Spec'ter, At The Feast" in the New York Sunday News;. and Third, an essay by Dr. Lev E3. Dobrian- sky of Georgetown University on !,'The Illusions of Detente" circulated by .:the Americanism Educational League- In Cal. ifornia. ' - - - - The articles follow: PROCLAMATION FOR THE Crr-r OF PROv'mmF:NCE. nY His HONOR MAYOR VINCENT A. C:IANCI, JR. munists have led, through direct and-in direct aggression, to the subjugation and en-. slavoment of the peoples of Poland, Hungary,' Lithuania, Ukraine, Czeehoslovia, Latvia; Estonia, Byelorussia, Rumania, East. Gee- many, Bulgaria, Mainland China, Armenia., Azerbaijan, Georgia. North Korea, Albania, Idel-Ural, Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia,. Tibet, Cossackia, Turkestan,. North Vietnam, Cuba, Cambodia, South Vietnam and others; and Whereas, the desire for liberty and inde- pendence by the, overwhelming majority of peoples in these conquered nations. coasti- tutes a powerful deterrent to any ambitions of Communist leaders to initiate a. major war; and Whereas, the freedom loving peoples of the captive nations look to the United States as the citadel of human freedom and to the people of the United States. as the lead- ers in bringing about their freedom and in-?- . dependence; and Whereas, the Congress of the United States by unanimous vote passed Public Law F18-90:- establishing the third week in July each' year as Captive Nations Week and inviting the people of the United States to observe, such week with appropriate prayer, cere- monies and activities expressing their.sym- pathy with. and support for the just aspira- tions of captive peoples; Now, therefore, do I, Vincent A. Clanci, Jr., Mayor of the City of Providence, hereby proclaim the week of July 13-19, 1975, as Captive, Nations Week in Providence and call upon the citizens to join with others in observing this week by offering prayers and dedicating their efforts for the peaceful lib- oration of oppressed and subjugated peoples - alLover the world, PROCLAMATION OP THE Crrv or New IIAVt:v. Come. Whereas; The quest for general relaxation of tension and world peace, is the key object tive of all freedom-loving peoples and oar Approved For Release 2005/11/21 : CIA-RDP77M00144R000400020024-3 Jul f 23, 1975 - _ . not have jobs; they ApOrmlli Consumer prices this June were more than 9 percent above the same prices in June 1974. And another serious aspect of the price increase is that it is across the board. Almost nothing went down- This can only mean more hardship for the consumer, especially the unemployed worker and his family. It undermines economic stability, and it is another blow to economic recovery. It is further proof of the REPRESENTATIVE /' HARRINGTON AND THE SELECT COMMITTEE ON INTELLIGENCE The SPEAKER pro tempore.. Under a previous order of the House, the gentle- woman from New York. (Ms- ABZVO) is recp9 ' 30 minutes. Nis. 'ABZ Mr- Speaker, last week, lect Committee on Intelligence. This ac- tion was taken largely to remove Reprg- sentative Mlcii3t HARRINGTON from the committee. I opposed. the removal of Rep- resentative HARRINGTON, since it was done in response to a courageous act he took after learning of improper conduct by the administration and others. Mr_ HARRINGTON has outlined the events involved in that episode in a, re- cent article in the New Republic titled "Congress' CIA Coverup-Getting Out the Truth." I would recommend this article to all those interested in an- accurate chronicle o, the events involved in this congressional action: CONGRESS' CIA COVFTtuir. GETTING Osrr TIIE TRUTH .. GRESSIONAL RECORD - HOti SE make special arrangements to view the about the context in which those letters had classified transcript in the committee been written, saying that he had a copy of offices-the privilege of any House member-- one of-them. I told him I didn't want the and after some lnitlal difficulties with the Issue raised in this manner end, suspecting staff there, I got my first look at the ma- he may only have heard a rumor. I said I teriai on- June 4. What it said left me ap- wouldn't comment on the substance of the palled- letter until I saw his story in print. Ho as- The authorization of bribery, the funding cured me I could read it In the Times on of political. factions and propaganda cam- Sunday, two clays later, which I did. paigo., the fomenting of strikes and Shortly thereafter Mr. Nevi .i asked sae to ord. Not only does that record Indicate viola- had not gotten the story from me or my of- tions of standing treaties and other affronts flee. But this was not satisfactory, for the to Chilean sovereignty; It also shows that point was raised that house flute XI SeQtlots President Nixon and Secretary Kissinger had 27(o) says that no evidence or testimony -lied repeatedly to the American people about taken in secret session may he released or our involvement there and that some ad- used in a "public session" without the con- ` ministration figures bad apparently perjured sent of the committee. A further issue wag- them-,elves on the matter before certain com- the pledge I had to sign In order to read the' - mittees of Congress. Chile material, which said that classified Determined to get some congressional. Information would not be divulger? to any action that would bring these things to light, unauthorized person. Unauthorized persons, I approached Mr. Neclzi?and asked him what the ensuing exchange made clear, included he planned to do with this information. He other members of Congress. replied with a philosophical shrug. Ile had This meting did not maintain the highest taken the testimony as I asked-what more level of discourse-one nseinber compared lne could one do? This information, after all, was to Benedict Arnold--but I tried to make- to secret ? the subcommittee a. distinction between gen- Knowing full well from my short-term ex- nine concern for the national security and perience as a member of the Armed Serv- the facile use of that label to cover Official, Ices (ending in 1973) that Chairman F. acts or duplicity and illegality. fhiggesttnu Edward Hebert would be even less inclined , this distinction was Otte of the principal Ter,.- to pursue the matter than Mr.- Nedzl, I sons of Vietnam and Watergate, I maintained: spoke with several subcommittee chairmen that the cover-up of US actions in Chile wan of House Foreign Affairs, of which I am yet another case of national security's frau- now a member, and then with some of my dulent application- My remars did not' set staff. I also sought the advice of Larry Stern well with the subcommittee. of The Washington Post, a personal friend Nevertheless the stormy seemed to-ss_ The, who clearly understood that -the story was next day I wrote to Mr. Neds:i asking that, a. not to be released. But the reactions of the transcript of the session we ?iacl just com-- subcommittee chairmen and other Foreign pleted be made available to me when It was. Affairs colleagues, though generally sympath- prepared. The letter was. never answered, and etic in tone were equally lacking In commit- I concluded that Armed Services bad decided gent. Yes the Chile story sounded pretty to drop'the matter_I went Orr to campaign bad, but that was. the province of another for reelection. - committee and besides, the information was Meanwhile Mr. Hersh had turned over an secret- other rock, and In December and Janiar;. I. finally wrote to "Doc" Morgan, chairman wrote a series of stories alleging that the tor Ful- CIA had conduct f ll mmitt e nd t Sen f th d r e u co , a e o a e a p ogram. of ma.4sivo (By BIICIIesi, J_ HARRINGTON)- o bright, In those two. long letters- of July surveillance of American citizens in direct If a President engages In a cover-up of 18,-I reviewed Colby's April testimony and violation of its charter. Although cynics government wrongdoing, as happened In the argued that -the Congress and the American might have, suggested that this only, Nixon White House, he can be challenged people have a right to know what was clone amounted to bureaucratic ovc-clap with the through the process of impeachment, which in our name in Chile ... I urge you to turn FBI, the revelation jolted Con_>resz in a. way amounts to indictment and trial by the Can- this natter to the attention of the Foreign that harassment and assassination of foreign-- cress. But what do we do if the Congress en- Relations IAffairsl Committee fora complete, err never seemed to--possibly because some gages in -a-cover-up? Individual members can public Investigation...." I pointed out that reports charged that the agency bad snooped be censured or expelled, of course, but what the Forty Committee, the Interdepartmental on senators anti representatives. In any case If the cover-up is institutional, a product of body chaired by the President's national se- bard on the heels of the Ilre>ident's- estab?-- the most time-honored rules and rituals? curity adviser had authorized the expendi- lishment of the Rockefeller commission, the This is precisely the problem that con- ture of about $11 million between 1963 and Senate voted to set, up a select connnittee-to fronts us in the unfolding story or CIA and 1973 to help block Allende's election and then investigate the full range of IrS its teIligence other intelligence agency misdeeds,. To be to "destabilize" his government after he won. activities- I proposed formation of a similar sure presidential decisions and actions are "The agency's activities In Chile were committee in the House, and a,.iter a month involved here too, but now we have a shun- viewed as a prototype, or laboratory experi- Iona minuet of maneuver and delay, we- hall tion where members of Congress, in their anent," I noted, "to test the techniques of a select committee; too. I felt pretty good capacity as overseers of intelligence agency heavy financial Involvement in efforts to dis- about it until the Speaker announced ills operations, had knowledge of the most bla- credit and bring clown a government." I gave choice for chairman- Lucien Nedra, tant crimes and improprieties and neverthe- a general breakdown of the amounts author- Lucien Nedzl, the man who had sat on hi_s less did nothing. The Instance I am most ized from 1962 through 1973, and explained liailc~a : c'ialrinaii qi' ,fat familiar with concerns the CIA's accomplish- to the respective chairmen that since acquir- committee on 1lttclligenca ztaiee 13F2; who, snents on our behalf In Chile in the early ing this information I had tried to persuade had listened to the ayeiiQy-gt5rrnr_._stnllc - 1970s. The reactions to that record by those well-positioned colleagues to pursue the 0i61dt the bhW'eoning_ of._.;, .demnoer rcy "fit who came to hear of it are a sobering.illus- facts but that nothing seemed to be happen- Latin America without no ninth as a nsnr-- tration of the great congressional weakness- ing. I said I was writing to thesis as a last our to his colieaglua--this was the span as the, habitual reflex of avoidance and acquies- resort- Rep. Morgan did not answer my letter. signed to conduct the special investigation cence, masked by the illusion of activity. Sen. Fulbright replied, but not very sub- that would logically include his own lack of In April of last year, CIA Director Wil- stantively, suggesting that the real solution action as a subject of inquiry- I went to the Hato Colby appeared at a closed session of to the problem was the establishment of a floor of the house on the day bin chairman. Itep. Lucien Nedzl's Armed Services sub- joint committee on oversight. stile because oftictkti and said I thought it committee on Intelligence and described his I felt ambivalent at this point as to bow wits an outrage. This Indiscretion, I was told agency's long-term involvement in the polit- I ought to proceed--I did want to stick with later by horrified staff and cone agues, wry? ieal process in Chile, where a bloody coup the congressional process but could roe no not likely to advance rn.y career -X haci been agaiuLst Salvador Allende Gossens - in Sep- obvious lines to follow. At any rate f.he mat.- given a neat on the committee srsyself anti tenibar 1973 bad led to the Installation of a ter was set aside in my preoccupation with would therefore have to work with hint- s.riiitary dictatorship. Mr- Nedzi had called the summer's major event: the Impeachment but I felt it had to bo said. Colby in at my urging, so naturally I wanted proceedings of the House Judiciary Commit- Other members of the selc-ct? comsntttee to know what the direr r had to s y 'For tie, Then n i'isc lncss zcatlp ipprovec For Release `Q "11$~f .'G1- f)13~' 60'4 00'0 '2M24-3'