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December 6, 1950
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Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617A00110004000L1-4 74 CONFIDENTIAL' CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY INTELLIGENCE MEMORANDUM NO. 329 VULNERABILITY OF CHILEAN COPPER INSTALLATIONS 6 December 1950 CJ $ , WC CHANGE 1N CLAS { Q W", cKwGa) GLASSIFIEO TCt 1" COENT1AL 5~ Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617A001100040001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 CENTRAL I23ELLIGBICE AZI WT CONFIDENTIAL 3.I IJ G?I E A,MiO it .)t1M NO0 329 VUL! RABILIPZ OF CHILEAN COPPER INSTAUATIOVS 6 December 1-950 - CONFIDENTIAL ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 9 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617A001100040001-4 NFIDETIAL @ fir' ~e ~i =TC a:3s? c~.,.~. r@ s ? ? ~ m a ? a r ^ ? rs n e a a s 3 ~ Ckmika` ti(".lsi.:y ?::r .Ik.oaRai 9@:.itrug'.I..:'..cai t% an Arxrl; e a ? a e a a ~ y. C~, t.~Darp G i.~ii,:.Ldera CJiow .a .L.rad ik5- e a m a Q 4 -. n 7 Q 9 s a a a a 9 G I i~; f POLL IC~1L1.~~ ECGI10,000s000 metric tons., averaging 1.21 percent copper. Ore this site is of lour-~r'ad3 porphyry, about 65 percent of which carries copper-sulfide values and the remainder oxide copper. There m:'e two large industrial unions at Potrerillos , the nine workers' union, controlled by three 3oeial:ists and two Radicals, and the plant s controlled by two Socialists and two Radicals. Three other workers' union j SECRET ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040061-4 ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 unions of less significance, *t the port where the ore is shipped and'on the company rai.l.road, are each controlled by Socialists and :tadis. Prior to 19148 these unions were all Co inau ist-controlled, according to company officials who now state that all the Socialists in its unions are affiliated with the Socialist CTCh. ,bjLle the number of Communists reaoved from i'otrerillos during. 19148 is not known, the company estimates that there are some 1:00 to 500 Cat- munist Party members, and 300 to 14J3 Cc sympathizers are still working at Potrerillos. Some union leaders Lolicve CoGmnnist strength increased among the rank and file during 1948 because of the.corkers t dlcagreenent t . t1i . the government's anti?Cosnminist policy expressed in the Defense of Democracy Law. In May 1950, there viers 2,1473 persons employed by the Andes Corporations In general, labor relations are probably better at Potrerillos than at Chuquicam ata. Labor relations are better at the mine than at the plant, primarily because day-to-day grievances at the mine are settled on the spot while those at the plant are carried to higher officials, and because miners receive incentive pay and higher wages than plant workers. The Medium and Small Producers. About four percent of the totma production of Chilean copper is from seventeen smaller mines. Some are controlled by French and some by US in- terests. Of. the minor producers, the most important in 1948 were the Compagnie 7iniere de 141 %.aita at Chagres, near Valparaiso, and the Compania Minera Jisputada Las Condos., east of Sa.atiagol he remaining one percent of Chileaz copper comes from numerous very small mines,, all operated by Chileans.. The attached tables give statistical data as to Chile's exports of refined and blister copper from 1930 to September 19149 by area and country of destination; Chilean production and world production of fine copper for the period 1930 to 19148; and Chilean production and world production of smelter copper for the period 1930 to 19143. The Co er Indastr as aSource of Revenue to the Chilean Government. Copper provides a sub;;tantial portion., 15 to 20 percent, of the Chilean Govcrnacntts revome, in the fora of taxes, duties, and other levies. For the year 1949, the govern entt a receipts of foreir,n a::change from all sources in all currencies totaled t 210,000,000, out of which the throe large US- in copper companies provided an estimated total of ,116,730:000 in the form of dollar exchange alone. i`he largest side source of dollar exchange provided by the major copier con.?anies resulted from a regulation governing peso payment for production costs. Under this regulation, the companies were required to purchase pesos at the rate of 19.37 per dollar to cover production costs., c19?? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 ? ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 SECti,E. wiiile i.he ~;ovorzuent cold the dollars at a .auc:" hiZ;hor rate, ranu;ina from 31 to 60 pesos per dollar, A prelixunary estimate for 1949 indicated that the i;overnyent would receive 363,500,000 from this. source. A second tax on the large cazpanies is on heir not into:ios, on vAlich that' ;gay a normal tax of 13 Percent. To this is added an e:eraordinary tax of 2 percent, with a 30 percent. surcharge on both those ta.+es, resulting in a total tax rate of about 19,5 percent on not income. The US-owned companies are further required to pay an additional l0 percent on profits or income from all their Chilean irwoataonts and oporatLons, to which is affixed a.3 percent extraordinary tax. A tax on copper sales became law in 1942. This extraordinary tax 1aw stipulated that., for companies producing more than 20,000 tons annually, 50 percent of the difference between a base price (1J cents for electrolytic, 9 3/.4 cents for fire refined, and 9 5/8 cents for blister copper) and the actual sales price must be paid to the government. In 1947 these base prices were modified to provide for price lluctuatwons, For the smaller companies, the tax is based on the difference between the price of copper on board ship in New York and the price that could have been obtained prior to January 19142. Government receipts from 19146 sales totaled N17,50J,000 and from 1947 sales totaled approximately ;25,000,000. An emergency measure applied during the 1,,st quarter of 1947 included a provision to increase by 20 percent this extraordinary tax, which was estimated to have yielded an additional 33,000,J00 to 34,000,000. This tax applied to only 50 percent of the total. 1946 tax and proceeds from sales during the last half of 1947, In 1948, the Covernznent received an estimated w50,000,300 from the income tax and the extraordinary tax on copper sales. In addition$ customs duties paid by the large companies, totaled an estimated ;3,230,0 0, 2evenue from, the wall mining companies was an estimated 36,200,000 .in 1949. By comparison cn_th tho amounts paid by the large operators., the small * producers provide a negligible cuu for;ards govt neat income. Effect of the Comer !,ndustr;r on the Chi] can Eton in emphasizing the importance of the copper industry to the Chilean Coverr~nent as a source of revenue, sight should not be lost of its greater importane!; to the over-all economy of the country. Other than providing over one-third of all dollar exchange for the nation, the amounts of money returned to the country in the. form of wages and payment for sup, 41ies and machinery are immense. The additional benefits accruing to the nation through secondary industries largely dependent upon the copper industry, (railroads, steamship lines., ports, power companies, and the many other services and products needed by the industry and its workers) are of great magnitude. ?20p SECRET ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 SECRET Attitude Goverment toward the Copper Industry. The Chilean Government is in an anomalous position regarding the copper industry. Since the industry is the overwhelmingly important factor of the Chile= economy and the chief financial mainstay of the goverment, it nut be treated with a healthy respect; but since the industry also is often regarded as a symbol of foreign intervention and because it has such great influence on the national economy.. it can be blamed for most of the country's ills. The former is clearly the dominant attitude, and the latter is resorted to only occasionally when the government feels it necessary to dirart the public's.attention in order to relieve government action from close scrutiny. Although the government loses no opportunity to extract revenue from the industry, its efforts in this regard are generally very well, calculated so as not to endanger the profitable operation of the industry and the industry's contribution to national revenue. In general, the relation between the industry and the govern- ment has been one of unequal. cooperation. The industry ban invested enormous Bums of stoney in its installations, and although it has extracted great profits from its operations, the country as a whole has also benefited greatly, not only in actual returns from taxes and wages but also in the extremely important advantages accruing to the nation as a result of the development of railroads, ports, power plants, roads, etc., which have been accomplished in a good part by the copper (and-nitrate) industries. While the industries have been actively en- gaged in this activity, the government has cooperated mainly in a passive sense in that it has generally allowed the industry a free hand end has facilitated its efforts in regard to construction of necessary adjunct facilities and in matters concerning labor. The small copper mines are maintained in operation at the expense of the large mines. Tames and the effects of the government's ex- change rate program largely finance the operation of the Government Copper Sales Corporation, which purchases all copper from small producers at a subsidized price, and the smelter at Paipote which is operated by the government at a loss in order to utilize the, production of the small mines. While it is evident that the operation of the small mines and the government smelter is economically unjustifiable and constitutes an unnecessary burden upon the finance. of the country, continued operation in the interests of national pride can be expected. Attitude of the People toward the Copper Industry. The Chilean people are well aware of the importance of the copper industry to the country and realize that foreigners and foreign capital - 21 - SECRET Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 .have boon z cponsiblej) to a. large extent* for the groat dcvelopase t of copper and other indtastrias. As a matter of pridop the Chiloanc t ould Greatly prefer seeing the copper industry nationalizedD or at leant oporated by Chileans; but as a ratter of cold practicality they k o= that Chilean toehnici t and management have not yet reached a stage of devnlopraent that vrou'ld ellan then to operate the corxplox far-flung industry in the highly efficient runner esrantial to profitable operation. Although charges of "inhur n slave labor",o "cruel ozploitation% "miserable living oonditions" 0 rind the lihe are ooraionpluo acou. sae-loud against- the copper industry,, it is 3. notewrthy fact that coj~per miners are considerod the "olito" of Chilean laborers by the laboring ola ca. Ho, copper miner vnuld rillIngly give up his higher v", a. ooxi scary shopping pr vileges at reduced prises, and free housing and madical care for a "non- exploited" job in a 100 percent Chilean organisation. In all probability* those most busily on-. gaged in vilifying the industry (other than Cor=aniat militants and organizers) would jump at the chance In join the ranire of those "aoploitod" by the Yankco mine oaerso As will be discussed in the following pagoda strength has been concentrated in the rants of the copper eorlors; thi ap how. evcro does not neoosaarily indicate that these u rIc rs are partieu.. 1a Ar Cora ,.st.inelinsd nor are they particularly anti-capitalist or anti-US o It does indicate that the Comte ats, realizing the ig)orthnoe of the copper industry have concentrated their efforts on the industry, sand that US control of the industry has been an exoollont subject fbr their vituperative propaganda. The laborors, th omselvets,o enjoy political activity, and thcay greatly enjoy attending political meetings and demonstrations and listener to fio: ywtongued demagogues, even though they may not have definite idoas about the purpose of it'allo If it appears that the laborer atfusds a reasonable chance of earning more money by ib+lloving the loaders" sugveationa, then his enjoyable pastime nay also become rar::utaerativeo It is believed, hot ovor. that the laborer trould roow tune 'to fblla than dictates of radical leaders to the point of action against the interacts of his governcntd That point is be mg reached at tb3 moment; the Defonoo of Democracy L= has umrned Chi.lcsn laborers that they may loco so= of their rights by follow., izC. t ha Cor anistao L impor nt,, the lam has attached a certain amunt of stigma to the Communists by declaring thorn to be illogale In general, the antic-Coz nict attitude of the ggvarnmant is roflectod by the people, and although all Chilean ooppor rrerlflers are no U rniaro of all the questions invol'vod,9 most of them are-aware of the basic issues at stance and in that respect can be expected to ?o.larr government loo adorship a 0 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 SFCRE Future of the Chilean Copper Induotrv. The future of the Chilean copper industry, since expropriation is not probablos is that of the US?'ornned copper installations. Chile is contirnaing an extonsivo program to improve its position with respect to coppor. This can be soon in the expansion program which have been authorized to the US insterost and in those fbstorod by the Chilean Government. It is believed that the govorrmant will cooperate with Us industry to solve copper probleu m footing the national oconar lye . At present, aarld dessnd for copper is strong, and Chile should have little diffioulty in fiisding outlets for its productions Also, the long-range outlook fbr Chile's copper futurd appears quite favor- ablo, Per capita consumption of copper in the US is increasing while US domasrtia mine production is destined to decline inasauoh ad deposits an being exhausted faster than the rate of now discoveries. General Information. Communise has bad a rough path to tread in Chile. While early in its oxistence` considerable enthusiasm was engendered in the minds of Chile's laboring classes for the pror]iaod benefits of oolleotivism and Comnaaniat shsrrings of capitalist aobievements, this first easiness of conquest me lessened in direct ratio to increased benefits derived from advanced social legislation adopted by Chile. At various times since its inception, the Coirunist Party of Chile has suffered repression from dif'feront governments. The first such repression was in the period 1925 to 1930 under the dictatorship of Thanes, and the second was in 1040 under President Aguirre Cerda. The Party is presontly illegal and has been drastically curbed by President Gonzales Videlaa The economic dislocation caused by the depression of the thirties gave additional impetus to the Cormunists in their struggle for pacror. Tho oursalativo effeota of this period resulted in domination of the CTCb, by the Communists, and the weal nine of their arch-enemies, the Sooialistsa, who wore forced to net up their own labor organization in 1947, in order to escape Commist dominations From a high point in popularity reached in 1947 when some 601,000 voters were registered an Comauaiets, with an estimated total strength of 130,&000 members and symathi zers, t Party tumbled to an estimated 26,000 members in 19480 lost its privilege of voting, and since the Party. had been declared Illegal its rumeborss woro subject to arrest* To achieve their position of porer, the Communists utilized all 28 SEC&ET 0 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 avW.lablo me=* Labor organ re rangod the long ch of Chileg front org misationa set up 'in every level of Chilean society included child.. care clubs in.the alum districts as vroll as aassociatiouz of intel*. lootuals asaong the aristoeraay. Apparently little of this effort t'm a otwLlly rbse*rr-directed, or in the event of such direotion, efforts to lo3ep it secret mare sucoos". The success of the Co wiete' program may be attributed to strong local leadership, although the Chilean Communist leaders have at various times been called to 11oscar,? for covers repriwm4e vhen affairs have gone badly. Today, Chilean Cor meta must be considered a definite potential throat to the political and oconamio stability of Chile and to US security interests. The party has had a long existence in Chiles at one time it hard a considerable number of political adherents; its strength within the labor organisations t greater that that of w W other g roupi and its present members are exporienced,, well disciplined, and thoroughly indoctrinated regulars. In Juno 1948, the American sy in -Santiago stated that, "it'vrould seen fair to estiaato that Coru niet strength, from the point of view of military leadership, has dratrtically declined but that these still persists a relatively strong group of Communist orlrers affiliated vrith important unions,. In this respect, officials of the Braden and limbs Copper 'using Cozies. and of the nitrate mines seen to be in general, a aaout that the" in still sufficient Centunist strength among the.rank and fib to be potentially dangerous in the event of a crisis. The Communism CTCh is still roceiving some support from a r nDrity of construction VOrlZra, a relativeley small percentage of textile unions, a minority of port and dock vnrlcers, sore public utility workers,, a majority of ohz~affeuraa and scattered unions of miscellaneous saamafacturing enter- prices in the larger oities". Since the Party tint underground after the Dofona!+ of D aooraoy L eras passed in 1948, no estimate can be made with any dagrco of accuracy an to the present strength of the party xpr the aumber of adherents in the various labor unions, In a later section, the o in a ' table listing all the principal. unions in Chile ,4th the eon ; accurate figures obtainable for oaoh union's membership. Communist Electoral Strength. In 1945,' Comm- .st electoral strength was estimated at between 46,130 and 53*330, In the mLsnicipsl oloctions of April 1947, the Coismanist Party advanced from 34th to 7th place in number of votes recoived in comparison the munioipal oloctions of 1944, a gain of ix-ro than 150 porconto In the first municipal election held after the outl.csrring of the Cozraaniot Party, it ryas oloarly demonstrated that U an outlecred party, it had groator difficulty in elooting, its, candidates than''rhea it vas legally rogisteroda The last runicipa . elections in which the Cor unie?ts rrero a legal party were .held in -14 SECR1`'' Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 0 0 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 . SECRET 1947 and resulted in the election of 187 Coz lists out of a total of 1542 vacant positioned The first such elections& after the Party had been declared illegals, Irv hold in April 1950 and rosulted in the election of only 30 Coxm mistafront cendidates out of a total of 1268 positionso Foroontage-visop the Co niats suffered a drop from 12% in 1947 to 002 a in 1950 in the air of their candidates elected., (These ?1gures& the on]y ones avrailable are estimated from nearly complete returns fbr the 1950 oloctionce In the mjor mining arease the vote rooei d by the Ccn vniist Party and Corm mist-front organisations in the 1949 Congressional elections decreased substantially from the large vote received by such candidates in the 1945 Congressional elsotiono . The following table shows the percentage of votes in the mining districts cant.fbr Cozxnsniot and ComaunistQfront candidates in the Congressional elattione of 19419 19450 and 1949c 1941 1945 1949 Copper mines Chuquicamta 57e3 47.6 x607 Sell 3500 4006 000 Potrorillos Do candidates 604 I'litrato mines Tocopilla ) Pedro do Valdivia ) 5307 5007 1806 Toco Coal mines Iota Coronl 6101 5906 1501 It is obvioue from these figures that the Co=.suiiets h. vo lost a very :Large percentage of their influence at to polls, on the elections of 1945 to those of 194.90 the nunbor of eligible voters in the zain; areas decreased in the fbllo .ng peroentagso due in large part to the Defense of Domorcrccy Lc ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617A001100040001-4 (in peroentagee) Chuquioaasseta 20 Sei ell. 29 Potrerilloe 33 Toaopilla 17 Pedro do Valdivia 34 Too* 49 Leta 68 Coronei 30 One of the rest interesting aspects of the 2049 bleotiono in the twining arose vas the esurprioing victory of the govarnint pa rtiees as shun by the ibYlaving table: God Parties Radical 2606% Liberal. 1306 ConaserV tive 13.2 Socialist of Chile) Desworatio ) Omani ticn Parties Falange iiacional 1667 Popular Soolaliet Agrarian tAboiites ) 28,,O% Co=fiat Labor Strengths Prior to the coal a rikv of .Ootobcr 1947c, the boat eatiraatos of the strength of central labor organizations in Chile gars the Socialist CTCh 20 to 3Cf,"o of the organized txorkre,'saith the Cozztmlat CTCh having 80 to .7q; a and approximatni r 1C indopendent or affiliated with the arsroho..nyzidicaliat CGT (Confedoraoion General do Traba jadozwes ). Song obacr +ers, boliove that ainco October 1047a the Socialiate have in r. crossed their strength to 50 or 6C of all Chilean labor while Comet atrongth has deoroasod to 10 or 20;.', and r r unions which +sro pro. viously affiliated with the Cozrna int CTCh have booome independents, Moe ostr hates *y very rrol bo too optimistic* Until the coal strike, of 1947s v n the governznt arrested a groat =my COnZaanist labor loaders, the Socialist CTCh depended fbr its strength largely on unions of govermnt eraployeee, xxunioipal v or3aex'ass bokera, ch nioal and pherr aooutioal woricarar, saxes maritime and dock iiorkerss, and scattered unionn in Santiago faotorieso Since the ra- narv ii of. Conumtst labor leaders from the principal mining and sow Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617A001100040001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 SECRET otter industrial unions, the Sdoialists have seeds so= headway in mining representation on the boards of directors of thass organi?. nations but. have not dsaonetratod sufficient etrw3gth to alai= the oo>dplots allegianao of these symdicatoese The Socialists nw olain that they have three .of the five directors of the Sea>xell Union and all five union directors at Caletonee, Coyaa and Renoa^ uao Although thin Statement could indicate that their peer has inareaned oonsidsrably, it dust be roaambored that these elections are on a local level and Trill not naaoossari]y result in affiliation of these unions Trith the Sooialist CTCho arose the mixing unions are still affiliated vdth the national Federation of Uinera, which is Commniet dvrd~tod. The arrest ana relegation of several hundred leaders of Coimunist unions have tonporarily put an obstacle 'in the oy of continued control of the ma.joritV of labor bar militants of the parry, Dan he have dovelopod experience over a period of years, particularly in the ain3aisg unionaa have been rowved, and it appears that in mauyr instances these unions have not de eloped nw aggressive leadership. For the time being, therefore, it seems probable that the Comunists have lost direct control oP Chilota most Important unions. In the last year and'shalfa reports have indicated that the Chilean Conamista have effected purges and reorganisation of the party to' create a moro reliable, basic organisationp to ro indootrimt a members in Coragmiwb prlneiplesa to place greater emphasis upon labor infil.. tration, and to attempt to regain political o'ta'o agth through cooperation srlth. Other leftist parties in a labor unity armpsigi. aovarrn t Attitude toward Cow Chile has a reputation for epresidents o enter from the left en4 leave by the right "O an ?=mple being the present incumbent Gonzalez Videla, Who, elected with then cooperation of the Co=munistaa has now . outlawed the Paste He is presently aoeking support from the rightist croupse It is believed that the anti..Contmmist stewed adopted. by President Gonzalez Videla is einceree VJhile it mast be ads ttod that he is an astute politician and-is regarded by nuW as a rank oppord tanist, in dicatioae are that he has realisod the threat Commimn holds for Chile and affil continuo his offbrta to reaken its strength. In his visit to the US in April 19500 President Gon*ales Videla- stated that his government v uld-cooperate with the demooratin oountrioe in the event of hostilities botr esn the US and the USSR. Since his return to Chiloo his govermasnt bee announced that to will two all. mocssary atop to assure the free flow of noeded Chilean mteriala to > industries of the dmmooratie countries. In speeches in various SEC Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 part's of the oozurt ra _ the President has omphaa iised the dmger of international Conmmism' and has praised the US as the major bulwark agairct the advance of an aggressive USSR. Defense of Dmaooracy Lsaw. Irr~~riYA The mat l orta nt out of the change of attitude of President Gansusisz Videla towards the Co=mists was the Defense of Do oraa:y Lwb passod by the Congress in September 1948, which Came the President power to intervene in labor disputes and which outland the,Co=unist Party, A corollary ler granted tho'President for a limited period, speciaal powers to remove loaders to amps in remote portions of the aotm s'y, to arrest suspects without a warrant, and to Impose censorship on radio and press, The efficacy of the Imx was demonstrated in the first calendar year of its operation, 1949, when there ware but 23 strikes as compared to 174.strikss in 1947, the last calendar year prior to its enassatsoianta This reduction in the number of strikes ban be ascribed =dnly to the Iaw, but a not inconsiderable amount mist .be laid to the foot' that, during this time, Chilean labor was in a confused situation, Divinion of the CTCh ints. tw factions and lack of criteria by which labor leaders could determine hair the lox nuld be applied, contributed heavily to this confusion. The Socialist labor loaders whe had in. herit ed the top, labor positions: walked warily for a time in their new roles, lost. they themrssolvres should feel than effects of the Iaatn and be relegated along with Comsnimisat loaders to the camp at Pisagua. Politically, the law had three effects: it outlawed the Corsauniat Party, scattered its rw mberehip, and set up a violent protest from =W wn.Co=snist sootors of the Chilean political world. Upon its inception the anneal of some 60,000 alleged registered voters were throatened with being struck from the electoral roles, but this. figure ores reduced to scene 20x,000 name on the outcry of z=W Socialists, Radicals, etc., who had been included (erroneously, they claimed) in the lists This action did not end the uncertaintr and conflict' occasioned by t1 hart, Trio years after its enaotaont, it continues to be a source of'msioh political conflict, Labor in general to opposed, to it. The lef tlst parties we also apprcov ed, and even a =Labor of rightists have spoken spoken out against it as an unwarranted invasion of personal rights and labor prerogatives. In view of an inorQase in the number of labor distan=bancoa that have ocourred in the first half of 1960, it as be expooted that the administration will resist all efforts to repeal the I= t n , in vim of the present intornationva situation, will be suooossei al in maintaining its pmof a under that legislations The God =W indeed press for reinstat mat of the Special Power Act (which expired In Z.ieroh) on the claim that the world situation nooessi. tetess a strengthened C' Zilesn government. SEG86'!~ Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617A001100040001-4 3ECRT ESTI,ATE OF TI SITUATIOIZ IN EVEUT of Uf R 1fllrrr11f9rertr111fi - Attittad9 of the Coa:csunists in Chiloo It is to be presumed that Chilean CoMunists would not be in. lbrraed beforehand that the Soviet Cov lent intended to provoke or risk open war with us o The danger of 3omprrm ising specific information of this sort would greatly outvia .gh the advantages0 It =y be assumed that the USSR would depend an the ability of Coamzuniat agents and sabctcure to correctly road the signs and thoreby discern the appropri. ate marlent for an all-out sabotage effort or, a definite break in the international situation having occurred, to carry out immediately all possible sabotage before preventive governmental action could be made affective* Sabotage of highly important installations would probably be Intrusted specifically to.Soviet trained saboteurs who have long maintained residence near their objectiveso Neal Connists would probably be utilized to aid and protect Communist agents in their efforts and to perform minor diversionary sabotage in more remote areas. A wave of strikess labor demonstrations9 and violence should be empeoted shortly after hostilities 'break out. Although as previously mentioned,. the strength of the Comautnist movement in Chile boa been weakened, it can be anticipated that Coi iniat militants would be successful in Initiating a certain number of strikes and slowdowns and in prolonging other strikes v4iich might occur. A certain avDunt of confusion and disorganization would be expected in the early stages until the anti?Comraanist attitude of the majority of the population assertae itself, A great propaganda effort no doubt would be unleashed by the ormmiate, but, as Co=mist printing plants have already been closed,, printed propaganda therefore would necessarily be limited to small shoots and leaflets printed hurriedlry on clandestine presses, Radio facilities have been denied the Cownusists, who would have to resort to small ' (possibly portable) transmittorao Comiazniat propaganda by. seems of rord?ofonuth, including speeches at front organization and labor union meetings would, of course, be intensified, and right well have serious offeots , Attitude of the Government in Evcnt of rarer irlrsi - rm~sreaw This. attitude of the Chilean Govan=ant toward covering relations with the Axis powers in torld Wax. II cannot be taken as indicative of the probable attitude in event- of a war in which the Soviet Union was involv'edo Duo to the long-tint residence in Chile of large numbers of Germans who had contributed considerably to the development of the nation and to- cordial oonaaroial and diplomatic relations with GermaxW, It was with reluctance that Chile broke relations with the January 19430 S ECRET, ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617A001100040001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 There is at ,proaont no such feeling of ?riend7 mess toward the Soviet Union on the part of the goverrm t, nor on the part of the over.. vbelxaing sority of the population. After a brief flirtation in 1940.5. iioh resulted in establiabnont of diplomatic relations with the USSR, Chile broke those relations in 1947 vrith accusations that satellite diplomats were plotting against the Chilean Qoverrment, and the recall of representatives from both countries engendered oonn sidarable bitterness. An indication of the probable attitude Of the Chilean Goverrnmc3nt in the event of war between the US and the USSR in provided, by the pronpt expression of solidarity with the UN expressed by Chile upon the invasion of-South Korea by Northern Korean forces. doted Aotign of the Chilean Govermmmt in Event of star. Basing the estimate on the pxsent administration, in the event of. goneraal rtar, it can be expected that the Chilean Government will take prompt action against the Coacstsniets and against Cormu Ast attempts to sabotage critical and important points and indu>;strios, but it. is not likely to tales prior precautionary measures$ and the offectivoneas of the aotion taken after the out break of hostilities met therefore be expected to suffer from certain linitations, as followas 1) Considerable time w uld olapse after the actual declaration of rear, or other unraistakablo sign of the impincnoe of war, before carabinoros and soldiers could be alerted, transported, and placed on'guard at vulnerable, points. It is impossible for the goverwant to main- tain forces in close proxira(i to all the vulnerable points, and bocauso of the tiro required for obtaining and moving, forces, and tho great distances botaoen lo- cations and the number of vulnerable points, several days could possibly elapse before reasonable protection would be achieved. 2) A)parent look of idontifioation of covert Com list, or Corruuniat trained saboteurs would procludo their izs iediato apprehension upon tho first indication of hostile activity. During 'arold ::ar II, the Chilean police (with assistance. fron the CS I bassy) oampilod a list of individuals and organisations inimical to the Chilean Government, which contained' the mm~es and identification data of known and suspected Corramists. Un- fortunately, on the assumption that the function of the list has served upon tho and of hostilities, it ms destroyed. It is believed, h moor that the present adninisstration has begun work on a second list of this nature, and in all probability, information-gained tljroubh the diuonfranchisemont and suppression of Cor waists, and experience gained in quelling Com mist Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 violence in tho coal riots of 1347D would be of considerable value should tho rapid ianprehonsion of Comhi become necesea z7. 3) The copper industry itself is vulnerable not only to direct sabotago but also to sabotage in any one of a great number of locations and industries closely related to itD ri za r of mhioh are very important to the general ooonu r r of the country. This group includes s (a) potter and water li neab particularly in the northern regions,, (b) rail transport and electrioal oos nioation system, (o) port fa oilities, and (d) mangy smell businesses engaged in supplying articles of daily necessity to the general population. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 SECREI? TABLE 1 COLE INIST ESTIM&TE OF TABOR STREGTGTH FOR Como Soo T&W __ CTCh CTCh Other Private employees 116,000 115,000 Mums 650552 630667 1,895 Govern m t employees 23,,457 230457 Seon Govto employees 37,607 269303 11,304 Agricultural leers 37,805 520 711 640 49 554 Conutruotion workers 320766 32,032 733 Railroad mDrkers 24,810 24,810 Tax tile work 219421 139737 40120 30564 Ibspita1s, etco 130910 6,784 4,635 2,491 Lunioipal workers 8,450 50230 30220 Tlet 1urgiaal vrorkrs 14,120 120409 1,101 610 Leather vorkers 10,430 80161 40 2,229 riwftins t Port workers 10,372 7,344 1,034 1,0994 Lurdber 90366 50237 10701 20427 Gag.-Eleotrio Telegraph 80902 7,383 10619 Due drivers o conductors 70350 70350 Bank employees 70394 19704 30249 20441 Fish~erx sn 70769 78,096 165 608 Chem sta 4 Pharmacists 40647 10640 10607 10500 Bars 60992 30977 20222 793 Printers 60957 30500 3,457 Strrcetoar operators 50000 50000 Teachers 50030 49086 945 Posts a Telegraph 4,200 40200 Flour Till workers 30592 29706 261 625 Wineries, 20059 19567 502 Ilbtels & Bare 20793 20793 Taxi dri ra 2,998 20240 485 273 Pantry workers 20771 2,701 70 Bre ery workers 20821 20 821 Venders 30067 20902 165 Graphic Arts 10225 10226 Barbera 10026 10026 Nurses 10438 10438 Da5.ry workers 1,170 1,,170 RR Firemen 755 755 615,020 324,916 209674 1660181 00 32 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 SECRET COI, IST E S OF LABOR STR NGT$.F'G$ ~I1~fN i11b0ari.3~1iP~Yli ir~ i1 l. W ~ 1 I Mii l ~sRJMll~lie Or~sstioa Tam. Ca sst CQT Iyade~ nt .~, Private OMP3.oyeo8 I15,000 1158000 t 'a 65,000 258000 508000 Gove t ona 1oyvess 500000 500000 8e t.uGovto amplcjcet Agricultural wsske 588000 388000 20,000 Cons ruction wrk x 30,000 5,000 60000 200000 Railroad aorksrc 2b1OO0 500.00 208,000 Tile workm 35,000. 109000 209000 5,000 Th epir s, eft0 180000 1,000 150000 20000 Lbntoipal mrkers 150000 100000 60000 13eti1u rgicnl ` crko>Ce Lear vor o 9,9000 30000 .60000 Ibsitim & Port inr1 100000 49000 .60000 Lumber 10,000 10000 8,000 10000 Gass.Elc triaTTe!samph Bus drivers & conductors 7,000 50000 20000 flank omployeea hermaa Chemists & Phurn ,fiats 70000 70000 Bakers 6,000` S 60600 Printers 40000 10000 30000 Stood opatorss 5,000 5,000 T0aolss Posts E:. Telegraph. 6,000 6,000 Flour hill erlsaarss 30500 600 500 2,9500 111reries3 4,000 1,000 3,000 Hotols Bar, . 40000 1,0000 3,000 Taal driverts 3,0000 22000 19000 Pair Br ry T nrlsnrss 39000 1,000 20000 ' rss Gr?sphio Arts 2,500 600 20000 Rwb ss 2,000 . 500 10500 Bums .RR Firein 496,000 93,500 1160500 13-000 236000 M33-a SLCRET Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 TADIL 1.0 COIiTROIL ACM SOME ESTIUA 0 MBOR STBIId!TI1 PVR 1949 Or a~tiszttidn Tot ma Coate Soo Rad Cone Do= Pal CGT Trade 0 Prim-to eiployeam 1150000 100 t.fia rs 550000 Govor=nt amploycoa 670000 12 70 Soe 'Govto employees 40$000 15 20 60 6 1't 'iccsuultural 't rkers Co struotl on vao rla 40,0000 40 10 10 30 Railroad corkers 300000 30 60 20 Textile wori ra 15 85 lbspitalea eta* 158000 10 80 10 thnioipal. vrorls9ro 280O0 100 bet-lalurrioa1 morloers 11.9000 70 30 Leap - vo rkez'a i this C: Poz?b makers 200000 60 50 *r 120000 35 66 Gas Elootz io4Telegph 60 40 Buis drivers 0 aonduator 8x500 40 40 20 BonYc e*1oy009 25.0500 10 90 Fialaerx n Clmiists & pllsts 10,0000 25 16 60 Worm ? 18000 40 60 Prim. Strdtear operators 30000 60 40 Teafalzears Pos":s & Te1o ph F1ou .' M11 workers 15,5000 56 10 35 Wimries Hotola Bare TWO. drivers Paa=~-z vz rkern Brmiery workers Vonalir Graphic Arts Berk Imes Dairy workars RR Pirav n 4750000 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 3 08m' DALUM ESTIPJATE OF TABOR STRENGTH PM 1960 2M:Lsatf n Est Tout Com S Other Private employees 1160000 116,000 Maws 650000 60000 100000 60,000 Gov wmatarnt aea=tplogeel 550000 65,0000 Seat-Gov , er p1or r es 40000 50000 300000 50000 A au to a1 workers 38,000 80000 10,000 150000 50000 Con. ion morI rc 35,000 5,000 6,000 20,000 50000 Raj*troaaad trorkars 300000 58000 50000 209000 Textile wrlDrs 30,9000 50000 10,0000 108000 50000 Ita~tpi tele, eta0 180000 10000 168000 20000 L ini eipel tgorkera 168000 108000 58000 L;otalurgiaa1 mrl1re 168000 108000 50000 Loather morkerata 108000 1,000 - 1,000 2,000 .60000 rarlt E6 Port vmrla 10,000 20000 6,000 20000 L=INW 10,000 19000 8,000 10000 (ko-Faeotria.-Telegraph 9,000 40000 2,9000 30000 am drivers & oonduatoraa 80000 60000 12000 18000 Da.nlc aployoei 80000 8,000 Plabumn 8,6000 50000 2,000 1,000 Chs mots 4 Pizataaiaats 7,0000 3,000 20000 2,000 Bakseras 6,000 20000 5,000 1,000 Printers 6,000 20000 48000 streetcar opermtwo 50000 10000 , 4?000 Teachm 50000 60000 Pouts & Telegraph 5,000 40000 14,000 Flour .L111 *arloer1& 40000 10000 3,000 Winerleaa 4,0000 1,000 3,0000 iotelaa & Big" 30500 600 30000 Teti drivers 3,000 2,000 500 600 Pastry trorkarrn 3,000 2,000 Goo 600 Brasery 7orbers 30000 600 600 2,000 Vorders 8,000 1,500 500. 10000 Gz e.phio Arts 20000 500 1.600 Barberm 10500 500 1,000 Rursen 1,600 18600 Dairy do ricers 10500 10500 R8 Firemn It AV1 i_llfi 5848000 76,500 1128000 568,000 27,600 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 UIICYASSIPIm CMM PRODUCTIOI. AIID TIORI,D PRODUCTION OF =IE COPPER 1930-1949 (L't wia Torah) -Yew Chit Z7orld Chile d as went of world's prodo IMF'-'i~l~f1111~11r~i/ ~ Y Yiflil 1~1~1~ 19=30 220000 106060000 1931 228,0000 1,0403x000 16 1932 103,0000 909x000 11 1933 163,00O0 10045 ,000 16 4934 257,0000 lo284m088 20 1938 2670030 104960000 1s 1936 2569000 1s726900O 18 4937 4130000 29329,9000 18 1038 2 000 2g063Q000 17 1939 3391000 29192,00O0 16 1940 3529000 2x439,000 14 '941 4664,000 29634/000 18 1942 48890000 226860000, in 1943 5090000 207149000 3944 499?000 2,5261000 20 194 4460000 24I41aO. 21 1946 3890000 lp846?000 19 1947 4140000 2,0210000 1948 293210000 949 367030 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 MICLMS fl IED TLBLIE III CIIIL &Ii PRODUCTION AUD UORID PRODUCTION OP SLIELTLR COPP1 R 1930-1949 (Lfet c Toes) Chita -7orld r- - Chile's percent of wor1cbprod0 rrm ~nasirrr r is~r -~ r rrr rr 1930 208,000 1,574,000 13 1933, 2160000 1,363,000 16 1932 98,000 9488000 10 1935 1573000 130508000 15 1936 248,000 1x3230,000 19 1935 260,000 1,6280000 19 1030 245,000 1,7198000 14 1937 396,9000 2,343,000 17 1938 338,000 2,038,000 17 1939 325,000 2,I75,000 15 1940 337800 2,480,000 14 1941 464,000 2.6350,000 17 1942 478,000 2,766,000 1? 1943 489,000 2,786,000 18 1944 490.000 23584,000 19 1946 "00000 2,186,000 20 1946 352.000 1,850,000 19 1947, 409,000 202610000 i8 1948 426,000 28341,000 18 1949 361.314 37 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 UI~LASSIFIFD TMB3 IT =M IS EXPORTS OF RIi FIIID AM BIXSTRR COPPER w, tin tbtriG Toes) United States South Amaric Ewro All Otbw Tots a 1950 69s600 1931 75,306 1932 37,679 1933 19,300 2936 64,730 1935 89,806 1536 60,542 1937 108,828 1938 .67,164 1930 132,805 1940 515,850 1941 45,181 1942 4.689594 1943 1944 443,565 570,608 2x945 397$875 1946 1947 1948 169,243 202,876 278,9258 16 1260485 196400 2 1350431 211,739 2 82a421 1208102 6 1338080 3,0636 156,522 3 14607 5 29,288 239,806 2 144,183 26,166 .259p767 209 163,077 158410 239,,258 10074 249,784 23,663 5838249 1,4 262,366 188345 3498520 905 157v409 11a126 322o246 2,934 23,759 14,4460 557,003 18;,531 16,174 439,886 25,808 494,402 60758 449,323 11,484 4620092 14,554 19,274 431,188 20,604 176,,817 7,350 874,014 280309 151,322 4,758 3870262 9,699 116,629 10,142 414,603 1949 1862575 $254O 60,450 I L429 2569994 III~APr19r IPPIIi~~Qi7b~11Q'~E lAI - ~IituY rniiF ~lv~l'~~i URCIA,SSIP7I 7 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 ? RAILROADS IN CHILE Tiveni yy-tno percent of the total mileage of rail-nays in Chile is ounod by British and tNorth American capital (13 British and 9% American), and 3 ,51, owned by mixed British and Chilean capital. The Chilean state railriays constitute 50% of the total mileage, and the remaining 25 is made up of roads owned by private. Chilean capitaal and minor state-owned lines. There is no uniformity in the management of the federally-.ounod railvaysThe Puento Alto a Volcan Railroad is operated by the ;;Iar Department; the Forrocarril Longitudinal Porte, geographically a part of the Antofagasta- Bolivia Railroad, has long been run by a British Company; and the Arica-La Paz Railroad is under the administration of the Fonento, Seccion Ferrocarriles. The mat important of the foderally-o%lned lines, ' the Ferroc^arril del Estado, has two main branches, north and south, and 3o oral. minor branches. All are under the namo. nt of an autonomous system,, La Empresa de. los Ferrocaxriloo del Estado, Almst all the railroads are steam-operated; only five roads have electrified track, and,, except for the Valparaiso~Santiago line of the state railr aya, most of the latter belong to foreign-owned mining railroads. Gages are as follows: l,O(i0 motor. 383-3/8" 31 1.676 " 506" 8 1.435 " 08-1/2" 6 1.067 3161, 4 0.762 3 0.60 " . 21 THE CHILEAN STATE RAILtAYS The Red Central Norte of the Ferrocriles del ietado is a neder-ga:e, single tract.: steam road runninc from Chanaral in the northern Province of Atacama 1,061 kilometers south to Calera Just north of Valparaiso. Its branches total 489 kilometers, and sidings total 122 kilometers. 'In 1940, the lino took over the 39 ki.lometor San Pedre-Quintoro Railway, Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 SECRET Southern Line . The Red Central Sur of the Ferroearriles del Estado runs from Valparaiso through Santiago, southruard to Puerto i `ontt in the Province of Llanquihue, a total route distance. of 3265 I;ilometerso Con nocted uith this trunk are numerous branches totaling 1,079 kilometers, iihich link the central, valley with coastal ports, Sidings to the amount of 750 kilometers and 197 kilometers of do,phl o traclt. bring the total track length to 4,091 kilometers, The Val- paraiso-Santiago section of the main line, together with its branch to Los Andes on the ' sandean Railway, is noiu electrified; the Santiago-San Antonio is also electrified (in I ?rogreas in 1942). OTTER GOVERNMENT RAILiIAYS The Arioa-La Paz RR&,.wa The Ferroearril Arica a La Paz is a met-gage steamy railroad running from the port of Arica in Tarapaca to C` na on the Bolivian border,. where it joins the La Paz section. It has one brach to El L9olina, In Chile, the total route length is 207 kilometers, and the total Chilean trackage 1s 233 kilometers. The 'Bolivian section of the road is 241 k lometorsa At kilo- meter 165, the Arica-La Paz meets the Villa Induetrial-Tacora Railroad, Theue-Pintados Railpa The Ferroc arril Iquique a Pintados, a peter-gage steam rail-way, runs from the port of Iquique inland to Pintados, a distance of 129 kilometers, Branches bring the total route length to 211 kilometers, and the track length is 252 kilometers. At Iquique, it meta the Nitrate Railways Company, Ltd, and at Fintados it meets both the Nitrate and the Chilean Northern Rail-mays, The Puente Alto-.Volc n RailM, The Ferrocarril Puente Alto a Volcan is a singlotrack steam railnay of 0,60 mater gage running from Puento Alto in the Province of Santiago 62 kilo.. meters eaatts to Volcan. At its western terminal it connects Pith the Llano rraip6 Railway. The total. trackage of the Puente Alto-Volcan Railway is 67 kilometers PRIVATELY--93M RAILROADS The Nitrate Raiirravs Cornpat, 'his Forrocarril Salitrere do Tarapaca is a British concern serving the nitrate areas of the southern half of the Province of Tarapaca. It connects Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 0 ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 ? SECPET the ports of Pisagua and Iquique, at the latter point 1meting the Iquique.. Pintados Railray and at Pintados joining both the Iquique-IPintados and the Chilean Northern RaUnays, (In 1942, the Chilean Government was considering, the aequiuition of this railwty and from an item in the press in June 1918, may have done so,) This railway is steam operated and of 1.435 meter rare. Since it is the only cocoon carrier in Chile using this ga;:e,, this company's equipment cannot operate on the lines of the railroads with vthich it connects, In 1938,, the total route length of the railray vm 622 kilometers, but only 131 Ii,Ionaters were in service. Although it is a single-tracked roads sidings and -ax d tracks brim the total trackage to 719 kilometers. The min line runs fry. Iquique to Pisagua, with a branch to Pintadoe and Laguna. In 19399 the Chilean state railiays uere authorized to take over operation of the Iquiquo-La I1oria section, rhich had previously b3en operated by a 75. year concession. In 1936 this concession expired, but In 1940 (and perhaps later), reports of the Nitrate Rt iltiay still included the Iquique-La Iloria section. The Taltal Railtsay Cosipany. Limited. The Ferrocarril Taltal a Cachirtal is a British-ouncd corrta.n carrier, located in the southern part of t ho Province of .Antofagasta in the northern Chilean desert, Government statistics and company figux.30 as to route length differ, The Company reported a length of 257 kilometert and branches of 109 kilometers, It is a mingle-tracks 1.067 meter gage stet n railway. It runs from Taltal across the Chilean Northern Railway at Catalina to Cachinal; the termini of its two main branchs are Santa Luisa and J.A, Moreno, respectively. Spurs -lead to Tricolor, Britannia, for do Ch31.e, Bal le a, Guysel a, Lnutarao, Alianza, Sal.initas, and Alemania. The Tocanilla-Toro R,ai.l.uay, a~~ rs.r~..rrrr.v..o The Forroearril Tocopilla a Toco was built by the Arlo-Chilean Ilitrate and Railray Company, and was acquired in 1924 by the Ang o.Chilean Consolidated Nitrate Corporation, a Guggenheim concern, The railway urovidee transportation to the coast for the nitrate plants lying in the central valley of the Province of Antofagasta. It operates in conjunction with this cote tiny lines of the two large oficinas, Laria Elena and Pedro do Valdivia. In acbiition it is prepared to serve a number of smeller salitreras such as Sap. Andres, Iberia, Grutas,, Prosperidsds Rica Aventura; Buena Esperanza, Goya,, vnd Vergara. It runs from. the Port of Tocopilla up? the coastal mturtain ramie to Barriles and east to W. Ti e, tiara it splits, one line extending nortls3ant to the Ofieina San Andres and the other southeast to the Oficina Pedro do iTal.divia. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 SECRET The railway is a single-track line of 1.067 meters gage and ha3 tour prinoipo3. sections, totaling 245 kilorietors. The first section from Tocopilla through to Pedro de Valdivia is 117 Idlonstors long, the El TigreiToco section in 48 Idlometers, the Toco-San Andrew's section is 29 kilo- maters., and the Toco-Oticina J. F.. Vergara section is 51 Idlonoters longs bringing the total trackage to 293 Idlornters, The MU M. The Fbrrocatril Mineral de Chuquicannata ryas opened by the Chile Exploration Co mny in 1914. It connects pith the Antofagasta (Chile) and Bolivia Rail ,y Company, Ltd., wshich handles all incoz4ng and outgoing material for Chuquicacata through the port of Antofagasta, The.railway has a total route length of 51 kilometers and a track length of 59 kilometers, Although the gage is 1.435 meters, the plant railway is equipped wtith a ti-drd rail to accomodate the rolling stock of the rater ,gage Antofagasta-.Bolivia Railroad, The U egulus-T nie tte Rail. r. The Ferrocarril Rancagua a Toniente is ocaned and operated by the Braden Copper Company and runs from Eancagua, a station on the Chilean state rai1vay#, 72 kilometers to Seiiel1, In addition to the resin line., there are some 5 kilo.. meters of branchs, 3 kilometers of sidings and spurs, and 23 kilometers of yard track. This railroad is of 0.762 mater gage, is single tracked, and is steam operated. The Pueblo Ilundido.-Potrerillos Railnay. The Farrocarril Pueblo Hundido a Potreriitoa is owned and operated by the Andes Copper Mining Company and runs from Pueblo Hundido, the junction of the Longitudinal RaitvaaW and the Northern Line of - the state railway, 99 kilometers east to Potrerillos;. an additional 60 kilometers belonging to the Northern Line are operated by the mine railwaay in order to get to the port of Chanaral. There are eight kilometers of sidings, The line is of meter gage and-is steam operated, The, Cruz Grande-Togo Railiav. The Farrocarril Eld'otrico Cruz Grande a Tofo is an industrial line built, owed, and operated by the Bethlehcaa Chile Iron Nines Company, a subsidiary of the Betblohem Steel Corapatyr. It is an electrified line running from the port of Cruz Grande in the Province of Coquimbo, 25 kilometers to the iron ore deposit at, Tofo. Except for 2 kilometers of doublo trade, the entire road is SEC M Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 RECRr.~ single tracked, and with sidingss its total trackage is 30 Idlometers. The Sage cif the line is 1.435 meters. The iln illanGo-ltuna Loreto Rail. vo The Ferrocarril I igalluanes a Liana Loreto is o fined and operated by private Chilean capital, The total route length of this rater-gaffe road is six kilometers, and its trackage is eight kilometers. The C, onconcion~Curat~ilah~..R~h.,. . The Ferrocarril ConcepeAn a Curanilahue is- privately otined by Chilean capital. It runs from the city of Concapci6'n, a station of the southern line of the Chilean state railways, south and mat to Curanilahue, The total route length is 99 kilometers and the trackage is 127 kilometers, Traction is by steam, and the gage'is 1.676 meters, The Villa Industrial~ T acorR 31i, The Ferrocarril Villa Industrial a Tacora Has built by a Chilean corporation, and the concession for its operation belongs to the Cia. Azufrera Nacional. The line runs from Ltount Tacora in the Province of Tarapaca, 24 kilometers south to meet the Arica-La Paz Rai-way at kiloetor 165. Its total trackage consists of 25 kilometers of 0.762 rioter-gage single steam track. The Antof.aota CQ=Ae an Bolivia QMaty Limited, 0 This name is applied to the railroad lino belonging to the conpatW of the same nano and operating botueen Antofagasta and La Paz, Bolivia, This British corporation also operates the Caleta Coloso-Aguas Blancas Railuy and the federally-owned Northern Longitudinal Railway betuoen Pintados and Pueblo IIundidoo The ono company oms and opordtos both the Bolivian and Chilean sections of this railroad, the line is hold in perpetuity and there is no option of government fie. The lino runs from Antofagasta to La Paz, the rain branches operate betrieen Ollague and Puente Alto, Rio L zlato and Potosi, and Oruro and Coohabanba. Minor branches run from Antofagasta to IIejillones and from O'Higgins to Cerro Negro, Nueva, and Augusta Victoria. The main line in Chile comprises 4.44 kilometers and branches account for an additional 334 kilometers, giving a total of 828 kilometers, Of this total, 809 kilometers are single-track and the renaming 19 kilometers are double-track. The Bolivian section is 1,202 Idlor eters long, including branches owed by the Bolivia Rai,lyy Company, and operated by the Antofagasta-,,Bolivia. No part of the line is electrified. The gage is 1,0 meter,, but 21 kilapsters are equipped iith a third rail to accommodate 0,762 meter gage rolling stack, 43 8EML41./ i Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 SECR3 The Caleta COIOShA ..s Blancaa M& WO The Ferrocarril Calota Coloso a Aguas fiancee is owned and wed by the Antofagasta and Bolivia I'dltigp Corps., It rune from Caleta Calosov just belon the city of Antofagasta to Aguas Blancas on the Longitudinal Railway, The total route length, including branches, is 254 kilomaters, and the total trackage is 273 Idloraetors. The gage is 0.762. Haters, and traction is by steam, The Llano 29 IZLi , The Ferrocarril Liano de tipo is ounod by private Chilean capital, Originally constructed for steam, it lime been electrified. It is a meter gage, line running from Santiago south to Puente Alto just north of the Rio L ipo; its total length is 22 kilometers, and its trackage is 28 kilometers. TteAntuco Trat~sandean faibav. The Ferrocarril. Transandino per Antuco is orned by a. Chilean corporation. It is a motor age, single-track# steam railway running from Ibnte Aguila on the southern line of the Chilean state railways to Poicura, Just north of Antuco. Its total route length is 76 kilometers, and its trackage totals 80 13lometers, The San kartin Transandean R, ay. The Ferrocarril Transandion. per San Llartin runs from Los Lagos, on the southern line of the state railways 40 I.llometere, to We Rinihue. It is a meter-gage,, single-trackced; steam railway with a total trackage of 43 kilometers. The Antofagrwasta?Salta Railna w. .rra~+rwww....~.w.~ The-Ferrocarril Antofagasta-Salta runs from the port of Antofagasta in Chile to the island city of Salta in Argentina and was constructed by the governments of the two countries. The Chilean portion of the line is approxxr tely 330 kilcmetors and trill be operated under a provisional contract with the Antofagasta,-Bolivia Railuaya LABOR UNIONS RAILROAD Y)RK There is no exact determination possible in Washington of either the strength of labor unions (mem)ership} or the number of Communists in that membership. In ).947,.a Comunist estivate of . labor strength assigned a total s ber- ship of 2., 10 to organized railroad labor unions ovor which the Comma iate claimed complete domination. A 1948 estimate by the US Embassy gave the total warship as 25,000, of i+hich onir 5,000 were considered Communist- SECRET Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 sE'T dom-d.nated, and the great bulk, 20,,000, were classified as independents A Controlled Aaerioan Source ostimate in 1949 gave 30,000 as the total rrabor~. ship, of tihich 30 percent were considered under Comi!unist damnation, 50 percent under Socialist dom natiion, and 20 percent under Radical Party loader- ship. From these var mg figures, it is estimtod that of the 30,000 organized railroad worker,, 5,000 are under the domination of the Comnonniist CTCH; the saran number are affiliated rlith the Social: st CTCH, and the bulk of the rail- road rorkera, 20,000, remain. independent of political affiliation? Tweurtq acts of sabotage on the north and south lines of the state railways were coraaittod in Ibx 1946, and a number of 0amnnista uero -arrested who allegedly confessed to the perpetration of those acts.. After passage of the Defense of Dor oracy Lair, and under the Special Powers Act, 300 Communists Mere dismissed from the state railways on 1 April 1948, and it was reported that from that date onrard, a total of 3,500 workers were dismissed from the state rai via , allegedly for economic reasons, but really in an effort to week out 0o st (ni.14tants) s Cont m i stn who :sere dismissed from the state railways presented a petition against the Defense of Democracy Lan to The President in June - 1948, -It use also reported at this time that the Co mats had asked the branches of the organization of. railw r uorkera to be on the alert for Instructions and to present numerous petitions asking for wage increases and other benefits. . . sA 43 SECRET Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 SDCRHT TM PORTS OP CHILE Listed below is a brief compilation of~the principal ports of Chile and, when available? a description of the facilities and their oanarshipo 9ntofap;Qetm, Terminal facilities are practically non-existent so far as for-' oign vessels are concerned. The port works has berths for nine teals alongside the combined breakoater, pier and dock, but thcr area usually reserved for Chilean cabotage vessels. Loading and un- loading is doe with ship's gear and electric cranes on the break- wtere . The following companies own their own piers (small steel - struotures) a Grace y Cia Lautaro Jlitrate Cozapany Antotagae s and Bolivia Rail= Pacific Steen ilaxvigation San Antonio, The bey at San Antonio is divided into two parts by a concrete mDlco Loading and unloading is done by ship's gear an the lighters Electric cranes we available at berthing spaced All port facilities and cranes are govor nt aced and are operated by the Port Authority, Grace Line, Braden Copper, and test India have nose facilities for their mm storm and administrative use, but not for loading or un? loading0. Africa. There are no docking facilities here for large vessola3 an cargo is_ loaded and unloaded by'use of ship*s gear and lighterso There are two piers (both mmall) a one for cargo and the other for passenger*s. The large cargo piers of concrete and steel construction, has rail- road facilities and is owned by the goverim?nto It has six oranes? thz of which are electric, and three are steam operated. Grace and Company have lighters in the port, and apparently all lighters ark owned by private companies fl There is no informtion as to ownership of the passenger pier, Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 0 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 Cha`anra3. A tar proportion of the populace are worlmrs and o rs of Coacaznist-dominated labor union. There are no facilities for dock- ing of large unseals; all loading and unloading must be use of ship's gear and lighters. Thero is a small steel pier owned by the government. Grace and Company has toonty lighters. A large proportion of the populace are workers and members of Coastasanistadominated labor unions. There are no facilities for dock- ing of. large vessels; all loading and unloading, must be done by use of ship's gear and lighters. The Andes Copper Cody has a concrete and steel pier with railroad facilities. Corral. There are no dooking faoilitiess cargo zmust, be pork d through use of ship's gear and lighter. Th iea is one m ,,,U pier for passereer landin99 453xbers are maned by privato coi pe Mao. There are five mall piers used for the loading and discharging of lighters. 1. -owned by Forrooarril S alitroro 1 ocaaod by Gibbsss. i~i.lli.a> on Dtd.f, reprosonting the International Petroleum Compaz 3 ?. CA S clitrera do Tarepaca y Anto fagas,ta Lighters are owned by the Chilean Port Admini trationa Gibbs, Williamson., Ltd., Cia Sud-Arnerio* na .do Vapores, Cia S a itreraa Astoreea y Urru icoooha, and Grace y Cie. Talc~u hus, There are no large docks or wharves; cargo saint be 7orbad by ship a s gear end lighters. There are thmreo goverment and thirteen privately- -o ned rlarehousaeu. There are, small piers as. follom 3 owned by Grace y Cie S orsnod by -7illieneon, Dalfour 4 =nod by Chilean Port iu iuistration 7 owned by small private cox paniese The Chilean ilavy has facilities harp including whamso aranes? and sbopSo 7 ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 T`Y ltml o Fiscal Ible US Salitrera Tarapaaa, 1t~.tofagasta Imes Alfredo Cordero Lisle Railway Ible (Taltal Railroad) Lautctro nitrate Coapoy T?oloe Theprivato companies orris the lighters they use. The captain of the port has authority over all the bay and the immediate beach area. Taloalni=e till active moles are really. under Amorioaxi or British management. There are 93 lighters, 8 odd by Ci'a U iriera do Tocopilla0 and the balance ovnned by Anglo?Chilean. Uitrato Company, which also 4 tug boats. Possible piers areU 5 o Anglo hiiean Ilitrate Cow (includes ?'Roily ay ible" ) 1 -.Lkwicipality+of Talcahuano 2 - Sloman CSIC CST y A 1 Ca l inora do Tocopilla 3, ft Chile Exploration Company. All cargo is handled by ship's gear and lighters. Ilitrate is loaded onto lighters by chutes. Yal~ara~s?e The port of Valparaiso is protected by an artificial broalamter, Berthing facilities within .the artificial port consist of ono 750-foot pier . and a marginal wharf 3180 foot ioxs TIo fort, with an along lido depth of 36 foetm is used by oaastal vessels. and the latter, with 30 Loot of rater alongaideo is used by ocean-going vessels. Ono mile oast of the artificial port is a 660-foot concrete piers formerly used for coal for the state rail=ye but n= ,used for (;oneral cargo. Beyond this is a small mole for inflammables, All facilities are operated by the Port Administrationn LIiBOR UUIOIPS LIARXTILE AND PORT WORMERS There is no eat detormination possible in jiashingtoia of either the strength of labor unions (nsmbership) or the nu ibex of Conmvnists in that bers'hip, 0 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 0 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 A 1.947 Coraraznist estirmte of labor strength assigned a total 'i erahip of 10@372 to organised maritime and port workers' labor unions, of vrhioh the Comma cts claimed 7,544, the Socialist CTCh 1,034, and others 1,994. A 1948 eatimmxte by the US Embassy gave the total membership as 10&000, of which 4&000 were considered Co istadordxmted and the rox airing 6,000 were classified as Socialist, A Controlled Aii rioan Source estimate in 1949 gave 20,000 as the total menborehip, of which 50 percent were considered under Com?aniat domination and 50 percent under Socialist leader. SUN .Fran these varying figures, it is estimated that of that 109000 orga4sed r ritim and port vorkera, 29000 are under the domination of the Cosritmiat CTCh, 60000 am. affiliated with the Socialist CTGh, and 2?000 ra:amin independent of political affiliation. Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617 A001100040001-4 CHILE. fl1 IGl ATION POLICY Apparently, the Chilean Government has not adopted a firm policy t=vxds iraaigration. From all available informations, it appears that individual cases of 3iigration of single persons or groups of persons are decided upon by the merits of each case.. Instances are reported wherein groups of peoplo of a certain nationality are permitted to imacsigrato to Chile in one case and denied such. permission in.a similar canes. Chile bass never attracted a large im igraation. Only 2#851 nataaralisation papers were granted from 1800 to 1926. Of those natu- ralized during that period, the Germans were the largest number with 722, Spaniards second with 382, and Peruvians third with 365, The s al rain in irmigration from 1921 to 1328 vas slightly undor I per- aonto During 1936480 the not immigration was around 3,000! anauue117o Germne comprised the 'largest proportion of i=igrents aftc* World tzar la The number of foreign born in the 1930 comas cros as follows s Spaniards 23,349 Itaaliens 11,070 Germaura s \ 10,861 (Conflicting source states.30,000 Bolivians 10?366 szith 100,000 of Gorman desoont) Argentines 70048 Peruvians 6,223 EncU st 5,292 French 50007 United States 20078 'rlhi1o the majority of Chileans W o of I5'uropoaan, chiefly Spanish and ?1)cequo origin, there is a considerable infusion: of Indian blood, especially in th laboring clam. British,, Irish, Germans, and othasr Uuropean. national .ties have oixod with the largely Spanish upper aid middle *lasses* Chile apparently follows the Intornationaal Refugee Organisation procedure0 In August 19480 747 displaced persons oama to Chile, 156 of scion ware listed as of Russian or Ulcra niaan nationaaality. In August 1949, 484. irm Gra nts, of when 30 were Russian or Ukraniaan, were ad. mittad to Chile. Chile, however, rofusad entry to 2,000 vihite Russian refugeoc in September 1949. In 1b y 1050, Chile aaamounced that 20000 red ,goca, principally Italians. and Austrians, and comes Germans, would be admittod. ,. 50? SLVi.~.C/A- Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 0 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 P"sent Poationo In the last ten years, the population of Chile has increased by 740,000 persons, to a total of 5,7G4,650m It is inteirestinG to note that there has booze a definite pat; ern in this graath; the pities of Santiago, Valparaiso, and Antofagasta have grown vhilo most other cities have diminished in pope ationo Of the 25 Chilean provinces (states) $ 1 (Llanquihue) had praotia wally no change in population, 7 decreased in populations and 17 in.- creased in populations Of the p.7 provinces Which increased, 4 (Gonoepoibn, Santiago, Velpa raicom and Antofagasta) wore responsible ib aln et the entire increase, The Province of Santiago increasaed by 672&566 persons to a total population of 1,8410071, or 27,5 percent of be total population of Chile, an increase of 30,000 greater then al the births in Chile during the ton years 100 to 1960, Ve1parWso Prorlwe Increased 97,578 to 5228643; Conoepeion increased 57,578; and An i'agaata increased 43,455. The provinces vhioh decreased, and the a n unt, wore1Ataoans, 8a , Cocptinboa 9,000; Acgnoa aa, 4,5003 L7aule, 7a,000; fiublta& 22,0O0z Ceut 53,000; and Chiloea. 5100000 It is forther noted that within the provineepa the rural arm dean ed in favor of an increase in the mining and industrial citiosm 51.a 3LCR Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 0 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 SECRET MAP ANALYSTS OTC VITAL FACILITIES OF TIRES C{)PPER =JIM AREAS IN CHILE The Chile Exploration Company, the Andes Copper Liming Company, and the Braden Copper Company are Chilean copper mining companies that are subsidiaries of US fisxra - the first two of the Anaconda Copper !!fining Company and the last of the Kennecott Copper Company, In addition to the mining and processing areas, t:.T operation of each of these companies requires the use of the land bet,oen the mina and the port from which the copper is shipped. The area with- in which each compatr operates is outlined on the map entitled Northern Chile: Roads and Railroads (Bap 11473). For each area outlined, a separate nap gives the ocat n of the mine, its transportation facilities, water supply, power lints, and other important installations. To provide greater detail,, insets on each map show at larger scale those areas in which vital installations are con- contratod. Accessory installations,, such as repair shops, storage buildings, and housing facilities, are not, shown on the insets. The data used on the maps and in the following descriptions vere taken primarily from large-scale maps available in the CIA h p Division. Chile 2cplorat3 on Cosaoany Chuauicamata, Chile, ~Mr~~rilrrridlYS r rrr~rG.rrrrrrrro~ The Chile Exploration Company, a subsidiary of the Anaconda Copper )dining Company, is located at Chuquicanata, in the Province of Antofagasta (see ?Sap 11617),. Chuqui about 90 miles east of Tocopi]la, where poser for the installations of the company is generated, and about 140 miles northeast of Antofagasta, the. port from which the copper is shipped. The huquieanata mine is an open-pit mine located north of the town. ter tanks and five powder magazines are located at the mine, Drainage is provided by a tunnel that extends from the rdne to a point southeast of Chuquicamata. Copper oxide ore is hauled by rail from the mine to the processing plant where copper is recovered, The vital installations at Chuquiaaaata are: Ore biro; Primary crusher Old primary crusher Gyra~.ory crusher Old gyratory crusher Symons crusher Old Symons crusher Solution sumps Leaching vats SECRET 0 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 . Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 NORTHERN CHILE ROADS AND RAILROADS BROAD GAUGE RAILROAD 11nclod.. 1.676 IS, 1.435 m and 1167 m. ni Cm.) NARROW GAUGE RAILROAD Onclud.. 1.000 m., 0.762 m and 0.600 m. in Cnn.l International Boundary -?-??- Provincial Boundary B Provincial Capital SOURCES: 1. BASE-MAO OF THE AMERICAS, ;000,000; Am.nn.n G.o(,.nhn..I So0.t7 Of N.. Yw., 1944. South SI,nt. 2. CARTAS CAMINERAS RROVINCA.LES, R.1, O.p.rt.nnnt. d. C.mirw., Cnne. MILES 50 100 150 200 KILOMETERS CONFIDENTIAL Ar.o of mop No. 11618 I / ? Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 1l~~ 0 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 SECR Electrolytic plant Snalter - 3 Power substations 2 water tanks Crater raclarzation tank Oil tank Oil warehouse Powder magazine Tailings and slag dumps Conveyors and railroad Explosivo storage (beyond linits of inset) These installations are located on an inset entitled Vital Installations at Oxide Plant4 Cht~ui~o Only those installations that are ossen iai to continuins operations are shorin on the inset, The plant at Chuquicamata is en- closed by a fence, The substation within the area inmodiately to the north of the electrolytic tank house is enclosed by a wire fences except on the north side. Copper sulphide ore is also found at Chuquioamata and will be mined and treated there as soon as the new sulphide plant is completed. The plant uill be completely surrounded by a fence. The vital installations of this plant iili bet. Concentrator 3 tailings thickeners Concentrate beds Filter plant Smelter crushing plant smelter Powerhouse Substation Tranformer Fuol-oil tanks Reagent storage Reservoir Slag disposal areas Conveyor and railroads to the installations After the copper has boon recovered from the ore and has been refined at Chuquicarnatas it is transported by rail over the British owned Antofagasta (Chile) and Bolivia Railvay to the port of Antofagasta. This railroad is a meter-gauge,,, single-track lines wrath sidings and passing tracks at certain stations. On the line sours of Calama is a plate girder railroad bridge across the Rio Loa,, rthich is about 20-feet aide at the crossing., There are no railroad connections i,ith Tocopillao uhueluicarata is connected by road u1th both Toeopilla and Antofagasta, road surfaces, unless indicated as paved on the gap,, have a surface of gravel and pampa material? At Conchi, on the road loading northeast from Chuquicamata toward the sources of rator for the mine and processing plant, there are tuo mead bridges that were forrx rly used by the railroad,, The bridge across the Rio Loa is 350 feet a`. ve the river and 450 feet long; the other, which i s shorter (dinansions not boon,) s crosses a dry quebrada, 1-53- Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 SECRET Anto^agasta is the port from which the cop; er is shipped; In addition, oil for the Chile Exploration Company is transferred from tankers to storage tanks by means of a subaqueous pipeline 1,600 feet long, The following installations at Antofagasta (sow Inset) are considered to be vital: Oil pxViM plant Pipeline Docks Chile Euploration Company property Poster for the mine and processing plant at Chuquicamata is also generated at Toeopilla, using oil for fuel, The rated capacity of the plant is 110,000 kiloratta, Power is generated at 5,000 volts and is stepped up to 110,000 volts for transmission to Cluxquicamata. Subsidiary transmission lines continue from Chuquicar ate to the nine and to the sulphide plant that is being built, The vital porter installations at Tocopilla (see inset) are: Powerhouse Discharge and intake tunnels Transformer building Oil tanks Fire foamite tanks 6 fresh-vater tanks 2 salt- wator tang A fence encloses the poor plant on the landiard side; no fence separates the plant from the ocean. Fresh and salt Hater is transported by stool pipelines to Chuquica?ata from various sources to the north and east? such as the foothills of Cerro Palpana and Cerro Polapi, A new pipeline, -which has its intake to the east on the Rio Salado Chico, is under construction, Nearly all of the pipe has been laid, including a section running through a tunnel 3,600 feet long. A dam 94 foot high is being built at the intake, A telephone line ouned by C3a, Tolefonos de Chile connects Chuquicamata rith Antofagasta via Calaca, and a company telephone line extends from Chuquicamata to Tocopilla. Information on telephone linos in not shorn on the map since it was not available at the tide of coznpilationq Andes QMM f Potrertttos Chi.].,, The Andes Copper Lining Company,9 a subsidiary of the Anaconda Copper ?.fining Canpany, is located at Potrerillon in the Province of Atacama} (see. Jap 11618) Potrerillos is located about 75 miles east of the port of Bakquito and is connected with it by a motor-gauge, single-track railroad. . Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 0 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617A001100040001-4 SECRET The .tome is situated southeast of the tours of Potrorilloc. The ore occurs in both oxide and sulphide form and is masted underground methods. The vital installations at the mine site (see - inssett) are t Mine entrance San Antonio shaft Hoist Auxiliary shaft and hoist Ventilation fan dater tanks Water tank and pump house Compressor house (vith power substation in building) The ore is transported from the mine to the processing plant at Fotrerillos by an electrified meter-gauges singl o -tram railroad, There are four tunnels along the line, all ofvhich are.12 feet hide and 13 feet high, The tunnels - together comprise 53 percent of the total length of the railroad, At Potrerilloo, the ore is treated and the copper. is recovered. Since oxide and sulphide ores require different treatments for recovering the copper, there are two nntallurgical. pl nto at Pots-LUoo, The vital installations at the processing plant (see in- set) area La Ola reservoir Fr?osh eater reservoir Mine reservoir Coarse crushing plant Oxide fine crushing plant Solution sumps Leaching vats 12 Dorr thickeners EIectro1 tic tank house Sulphide fine crushing plant Reagent storage 3 poster substations (9 transformers in substations adjacent to elect lybic tank house) Filter plant Roaster, plant Convertor Powerhouse Copper casting plant Reverberatory plant Cottrell treater Lix a-crushing plant Incline railer to Limo Rock Quarry 2 tailing tunnels Oil and water tanIx scattered throughout the area Conveyors and railroad to installations 2 slag and 3. tailing disposal,. areas (located beyond limits of inset) SE CBLT 0 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617A001100040001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 . CR T This list includes only those installations that are essential to continuing operation. The substation adjacent to the concentrator at Potrerillos is enclosed by a fence b From PotrorMos, the copper (blister and cathode) is transported by rail- road to the port of 73arquito, The railroad from Pbtrerillos to Pueblo Hundido is owed and operated by the Andes Copper hiring Company; Lianta is the railroad repair center, *From Pueblo Ilundido to the port of Barquito, the railroad is federally *owned. Available information indicates that the oorrpai owned section of the line has several, bridges and eight culverts, all of which are less than 10 taertere in lengths The section of the company line that extends from Potrerillos to Lbntandon runs through 12 tunnels, each of which is 13 feet wide and 17 f64 high, All of the railroads are muter gauge, single--track lines, Barquito is the port for shipment of copper and the principal power- generating center for the Potrerillos mine and processing plant. The oil used for generating electric powder is transferred from tankers to storage tanks by means of an oil intake line that extends out into the rater from Berquito, The rated capacity of - the plant is 309000 kilowatts, and current is transmitted to .Potrerillos at 88,000 volts. The vital installations at Barquito (see inset) aret Generating station 5 oil storage tanks Salt-water tank 2 x~restt-crater tanks Water tank Wharf Power is also; generated at the Sifon Bajo and the Lbntandon hydroelectric plants, using water supplied by the Rio La Ola pipeline. The capacities of plants are.2A500 kilowatts and 1,800 kilowatts, respectively,. Additional power in stapled by a. plant at Potrerillos that has two 3,000 kilowatt gone tcrs operated by waste heat from the smlter, Water for the two hydroelectric plants, the processing plant, and the mine is transported by pipelines from sources to the.east and southeast. Only two dams are knotm to exist along the eater supply lines"- the concrete La Ola Dana, which is 177 feet wide and 12 feet high, and the Juncal. Dam, 65. feet vide and 4 feet high, The steel pipeline from the Rio La Ola passes though seven tunnels, each of which is 5 feet high and 4 feet ride. A telephond line along this pipeline connects with the processing plant. . ay Scwell. Hradec Copier Cum Chile Braden Copper Company, a subsidiary of the Kennecott Copper Company, is The located at Sewell in the Province of OiHiggins (see Map 11616). Sewell is approximately 80 miles southeast of San Antonio, the port from which the copper is shipped, Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617AO01100040001-4 Declassified and Approved For Release 2013/02/05: CIA-RDP78-01617A001100040001-4 SECR~~ The z s kno m as 1L Teniento, is located a Little pore than a mile east of Senell. The copper sulphide oro is mind by underground methods and is transported froze tho mine to the processing plant at Sewell by an electric railroad, The vita, installations at Sc ell (see inset) ~: Coarse ore bin Crash plant 2 repair shops 2 hoist houses Fie ore bin Ccnentrator 'Oil-flotation unit Reagent storage building M: ll water supply oil reconstruction water tee Retreatnent plant and tanks 6 acid toners Acid 'plant and tanks Rcastor plant Dorooo filters Own plant &Sine house Eakin repair Porter substation Only those installations that are essential to continuing operation are located on the inset, The ~e entrance of the railroad is enclosed by '.a wire nosh fence appro tely 1.5 feet high, All bujZd1n s at Sewoll that are directly connected with the concentrating of ore are locked, and all important buildings not in the i to area are enclosed by high wire fences topped with barbed wire," From Sewell, the ore$ uhich has been pertly concentrated, is transported by aerial trai iar to Caletonos, where it is further processed? The vital installations at Caletones (nee inset) ares Concentrate storm Roaster Oil house Blast furnace, cottroll and flue Converter plant Copper casting plant 2 substation Tranfornr station Corp ressor Switch tower Machine shop Tr~*a twin and railroad s- 5 - SECRET