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November 11, 2016
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January 4, 1999
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May 15, 1947
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Approved For Release 1999/08/25: CIA-RDP78-03109A000500010014-9 CaAL CIG DOCUMENTS BRANCH TRANSLATION 15 May 1947 C: ASS. CHANGED TO: TS S C f JTft HR 70-2 W 4Ei DATE: _P.fFt: _ m.. Prepared By Documents Branch CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE GROUP New War Department Building 21st and Virginia Avenue, N. W. Washington, D. C. Approved For Release 1999/08/25: CIA-RDP78-03109A000500010014-9 WARN ING THIS DOCUMENT CONTA I NS I NFORMAT I ON AFFECTING THE NATIONAL DEFENSE OF THE UNITED STATES WITHIN THE MEANING OF THE ESPIONAGE ACT. 50 U.S.C.. 31 AND 32. AS AMENDED. ITS TRANSMISSION OR THE REVELATION OF ITS CONTENTS I N ANY MANNER TO A4,'. ER UNAUTHORIZED PERSON IS PROHIBITED BY LAW. INTELLIGENCE IN THIS PUBLICATION IS PROHIBITED WITHOUT SPECIAL AUTHORITY FROM THE DIRECTOR OF CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE. Approved For Release 1999/08/25: CIA-RDP78-03109A000500010014-9 Approved For Release 1999/08/25: CIA-RDP78-03109A000500010014-9 D O C U M E N T S B R A N C H Number 72 15 May 1947 DATA ON MAN 4uRfA Prepared by Documents Branch, CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE GROUP 2430 E Street,.N. W. Washington, D. C. Approved For Release 1999/08/25: CIA-RDP78-03109A000500010014-9 'Approved For Release 1999/08/25: CIA-RDP78-03109A000500010014-9 Distribution U,st State Dept (IAD) ' 5 JIS _, 1 CI1JC E 10 21 10 7 20 5 50 Total 129 Approved For Release 1999/08/25: CIA-RDP78-03109A000500010014-9 Approved For Release ' 1 999/08/25, CIA-RDP78-03109A000500010014-9: UI MARY 0p 00,". TENNTS Data obi ganchuria (Doc No 240336) 1 anchuri.a prepared by the Iianchurian ,kffairs Bureau late in 1941+ for the $6th Session-of the Japanese Diet. The original document is divided into two sections. The first part, 70 pages long, provides data on public order, labor, opium, shrines, culture, colonization and education in This is an extract translation of a statistical survey of Iianchuria. This section has not been translated. The second part of the document has been translated in full in this publication. It includes 154+ sections giving economic data. Sections 0, ~7 and 73 are missing. The 154 sections included in this publication cover a variety of topics of interest to Japanese leaders confronted with the problem of solidifying the Greater East Asia Co- Prosperity Sphere,economically and militarily. The document covers air. id damage, the repairing of air raid damage, kianchurian production of war essentials such as food, arma- ments, petroleum, iron, coal, etc., the intricacies of iianchu- rian 'economy under Japanese control, plans for the future in regard to price stabilization, exports and imports, the im- provement oftransportation and communications, Japanese in- vestm,edits /in iuanchuria, the South 14anchurian Railway Co Ltd and its vast industrial empire, and the shipping of colonists from Japan to kianchuria Pages 1 through 192 Approved For Release 1999/08/25 :, CIA-RDP78-03109A000500010014-9 Approved For Release 1999/08/25: CIA-RDP78-03109A000500010014-9 EXTRACT TRiiVSL.tiTIC71 DATA ON, ,A:uTCHL'RIA Doc 1o` 2+0336 `Manchurian Affairs Bureau CPYRGHT Archives Section Iiinisterial Secretariat 1. Fundamental Policies in the Iconomic Development of hanchuria During the War 2. Economic Harmony Between Ywantung Leased Territory and Manchuria 3. The First Five-Year Plan and Its Results 4. Policy for the Second Five=Year Plan 5. Results of the Second Five-year Plan 6. Emergency iiining and Industrial Policies 7. Amounts of Strategic Supplied.Japan by S. Amounts of atr.e.te.gic Iiaterials Supplied iianchuria, TABLE OF VO1TTEi T S 9- 10. by Japan 1ianchurian Reaction to Control Associations The transfer of, japanese_ Industrial Plants to i ian- .churta fort)ie Integration of Productive Industry. 11. 'ianchurian Co-operation with Japan in the Prosecu- tion of the War 12, Iron:-and Stee~, Production; in. , anchor a, 13. Plans for the mergency Increase of Iron and Steel Production in ianchuria after the I' cai Year, 194 14. Reasons for Creating the kanchurian Iron and Steel 15. Production, Supply and Demand for Iron Ore and i:an- ganese Iron in %ianchuria 16, Coal, Su, ply and Demand, for Iron I4anuf acture l7. Japanese Imports of Iron and Ste.e,1 From Ianchuria $. Capacity, Plan and Production of Iron and Steel in ianchuria 19. The SIi. Iran Refinery in Fu-shun 20. (Missing from the Original Document) 21: 1~ir Raid .D,im4ge and Repair Work at An-shan . and the Effect , of. Raids on the Deliveries. to Japan 23. Restoration of.the Cake Ovens at the An-shan Plant of the, iianchurian Iron and Steel Mfg Co Ltd 24. ,, demand and Supply of Gap-and Coke at the tin-shan plant of t e i.anchurian' iron, end Steel fiifg. Co- Ltd 25. Coal Supplyand Demand in iiianchuria 26, Production and Plans'for Increased Production of Coal i,ino,~. Operated by the SA1R Production ana Plans for Increased production"of Cad iiir'es Operated by the i=ianchuria' Coal iiining "Co Ltd Development of Coal Resources in Tung-p`ien=tao Oil Resources in Manchuria '30. Demand and Supply of` "Oil in i,anch.uria CO1?cFIDE~;TI1 , Approved For Release 1999/08/25: CIA-RDP78-03109A000500010014-9 Approved For Release 1999/08/25: CIA-RDP78-03109A000500010014-9 CPYRGHT CONFIDENTIAL ~1a. Liquid Fuel Manufacturing Enterprises in Manchuria 31b. Plans for an Emergency Increase in the Production"of Alcohol in Manchuria 32. Coal Liquefaction at Fu-shun and Plans for Increased Production 33. Oil Production.?Enterprises of the SMR and :Plans for the Future 34., Coal Liquefaction Enterprises in Chin-hsien .35. The Manchurian Synthetic Petroleum Co. Ltd 36. Plan for Increased Production of Light Metals in Manchuria 37. Production and Plans for Increased Production of the Man- churia Light Metal Co Ltd 38. Production and Plan for Increased Productign~ of. the Man- churia Magnesium Co Ltd 39. New Light Metal Companies in Manchuria:: 40. Production and Plan for Increased Production of Non-Ferrous, Metals in, Manchuria 41. Production and Plan for Increased Production.of?Non Metallic Minerals 42. Production of Soda Ash in Manchuria 43. Production of Salt'in Manchuria 44. Production of Salt in Kwantung Leased Territory 45. Supply of-Salt From1lanchuria to Japan 46. Explosives Supply and Demand in Manchuria 47. (Missing from the Original Document) 48. Medical Goods Supply and Demand in Manchuria 49. Demand. and Supply of Chemical Industry Products in Manchuria 50. Demand and Supply of Electric Manchuria 51. Electric Power Plants in Manchuria 52. Hydroelectric Power Plant :Equipment in Manchuria 53. Agricultural Products - Importance of Manchuria-as a Food Supply Base 54. Fundamental Government Food Policies in Manchuria 55. Plan for Increased Food Production in Manchuria 56. Production of Manchurian Agricultural'Foodstu'ffs and Their Supply to Japan 57. Manchurian Emergency. Plata for Development of Agricultural Area and the Co-operative Policy for Its Implementation 58. Demand.and Supply of Principal Foodstuffs in Manchuria, Including Kwantung Leased Territory 59. Provisions and Other Essential Civilian Goods in Manchuria and KwantungLeased Territory 60' Production," Demand and Supply of Rice in Manchuria 61. Production , Demand and Supply of Cereals in Manchuria 62, Estimate of Soybean Turnover in Manchuria for 1944 and the Guarantee of Supply to Japan 63. Materials for Agricultural Use" in Manchuria 64. Price Policy for Agricultural Products in Manchuria 65. Production, Supply and Demand of Soybeans in Manchuria 66. Market Price of Soybeans in Manchuria and Export' Prices to 11 1 Japan 67. Production, Supply and Doniand of Soybean Cakes in Manchuria 68. Soybean Cake Turnover and Export of Soybean Cake's to Japan 69. Market Prices'of Soybean Cake and Export'Prices to Japan 70. Production, Supply and Demand for Oil-Bearing Se?ds for 1940-44 71 Production of xrtmoniuir. Sulphate in'Manchuria and Relationship Between Supply and Demand _ 2 _ CONFIDENTIAL Approved For Release 1999/08/25: CIA-RDP78-03109A000500010014-9 Approved For Release 1999/08/25: CIA-RDP78-03109A000500010014-9 CPYR`6HT COi;FIDEi Ti. L 72. Demand and Supply of Lumber in Japan 73. (iiissing from the Original Document) 74: Production of Charcoal in i,ianchuria and Supply to Jap~.r~ 75; Production, Supply and Demand for Cotton in lianchuria 76 Outlihe of the Spinning and Weaving Industry in Man chtxria 774 Supply and Demand for Cotton Goods in Manchuria, 78. Improvement of Sheep's Wool in lianchuria 79. Stock-Raising in Manchuria, O. Plan for the Organization of the Manchurian Budget in 1945 81. Items on the General and Special Accounts for Manchu- ria, 1944 52. Commodity Price Rises in Manchuria as Compared with Commodity Price Rises in Japan S3. Causes and Tendencies of Commodity Price Rises in innchuria 84. Regulation of Commodity Price Rises in Manchuria S5. Plans for the Prevention of High Commodity Prices in North China Which Affect Prices in iia.nchuria 96. The Kwantung Leased Territory Price Stabilization Fund 97. Organization of the Manchurian Economic Stabilization Fund SS. Relationship Between the iia.nchurian Economic Stabiliza- tion Fund Organization and Special Accounts for Foreign Trade Funds 99. Significance of the Abolition of Customs Duties Between Manchuria. .and, Japan 90. Inflationary Trends in 1ianchurian Silver Certificates in 1944 91. Investments in lianchuria in 1941E 92. Savings Deposits in lianchuria 93. The 1,ianchurian National Debt and Absorption of Bonds 94. Credit Control in lianchuria 95. Plans for Manchurian National Funds for 1944 96. Balance of Trade Between lianchuria and Japan for 1944 97. Balance of Trade Between Manchuria and North China 99. Functioning of the lianchurian-German Trade Agreement 99,. Reasons for Increasing Capital of the SIR '100. The Questiun of Issuing SVM Debentures 101. The Four-Year Plan for Raising Capital for the S1M 102. Production and Plans for Increased Production of Coal in Mines Operated by the. SkM 103. Shale Oil Refining Enterprises of the SIR 104. Jurisdiction of the Government and the Kwantung Army in the Supervision of the S1,1R 105. Private Railroads in lianchuria 106. Changes in Administrative Procedures 107. Debentures Issued by the. Si?R as of Oct. 1.944 and Estimates for 1945 105.. Dividends. for, Private and Government Shares in the SIR. 109. Total of Various Loans Made by the SK.R to lianchuria 110. Recent Balance Sheets of the SIR 111. Reasons for Decline of Profit of the Sly. and lieasures Taken to Improve the Profit Situation -3 - Approved For Release 1999/08/25: CIA-RDP78-03109A000500010014-9 Approved For Release 1999/08/25: CIA-RDP78-03109A000500010014-9 CPYRGHT 112. Principal Si Projects foi 1944-,and for the Future 113, Recent Tendencies Toward,lncrease in Volume of Business of the SMR 114. Volume of Special Products Transported by the Si?,Ri: 1938-44 " 115. Freight-Handled at Dairen Wharves 116. SIiM's Iieasures for.Diversion of Continental Water Trans- portation to Overland Transportation 117. Unification of Continental Transportation 118. Diversion to Overland Transportation and. Its Effects on the S. 119. Maintenance of Sill. Facilities to iieet the Sharp Rise in Continental Freight Shipped Overland" 120. Principal Commodities Carried by the SIR:, 1943-44 121. Number of Si1R Subsidiary Companies, Investments and Yield 122. Construction of Railroads in Manchuria and Future Plans for Such Construction 123. Reasons for the Transfer of the Proprietary Rights of the North Korean Railways to the S. 124a. Recent Transport at ion. Between Japan and Manchuria and That via South Korea 124b. Pleasures for Improving Conditions of iierchant Seamen in Kwantung Leased Territory and in Ianchuria 125. The Manchuria Telephone and Telegraph Co Ltd 126. .Rogistr?tion of the i_lanchuria Telephone and Telegraph Co Ltd under Two National Registries, and the Plan to hake It a hanchurian Corporation 127. Supervision of the Iianchuri?ti Telephone and Telegraph Co Ltd. by. the Governments of Japan and i anchuria 128. Business Returns of the Ianchuria Telephone and Telegraph Co Ltd, 1933-44 129. 1945 Industrial Plan for-the Manchuria Telephone and Tele- graph Co Ltd and Reasons for Increase in Capital 130. Wartime Communications Regu:l.ations for the Manchuria 'Tele- phone and Telegraph Co Ltd 131. Effects of Air Raids and Countermeasures 132. The Domestic Labor Situation and the Advisability of Dis- pRtching Colonists 133. Need for Dispatching Colonists 134. Policies for Planning the War Emergency Migration of Colonists 135. Plan to Dispatch Displaced :Persons, Evacuees and War Victims as Colonists 136. Achievements in Sending Colonists to Manchuria, 137. Colonists Going to the Continent and Policies Toward Future Piigrat ion 13$. Policy..Toward the Volunteer Units of the Development Groups 139. Health and Sanitation Policies in the Colonized Areas 140.1 Policy Regarding the Transfer of Land to Colonists for Settlement 141. Current Administrative Status of the hanchuria'C016nization Co Ltd 142. Reasons-for Assistance to the Ianchuria Colonization Co Ltd 143. Future Policy for the administration of the .1 Colo- nization Co Ltd 144. Contribution of Iianchurian Colonists to the Increase in- Food Production 4 CGI'i ! IDEN1 UL Approved For Release 1999/08/25: CIA-RDP78-03109A000500010014-9 Approved For Release 1999/08/25: CIA-RDP78-03109A000500010014-9 CPYRGHT 11+5. Plans for Increased C6lonial Production in 191+5 1146; Plans for Providing Colonists with Farming Implements 11+7+ Necessity for Reinvestigation of the System of Young Iients VolunteeI Units with. Respect to the Military Conscription System 11+8. The basis for Assignment of 12,000 Dien to the Volunteer Units 1149. Necessity for the Reinvestigation of the Training Program of the Yount, Lents Volunteer Training Units 150. Necessity for the Emergency 1.obilizatiun of the Volunteer Army for Iviilitary Production 151. Policy for Assuring Good Leaders 152. Present Facilities of,the Young lients Volunteer Unit Training Station in i,anchuria ;-end Policies for Their Improvement 153. Consideration of Towards Yearly Increase in the Required Number of Wves for Colonists 151+. Government Policy Towards the Crganizatiun of a Wonienis Volunteer Army -5-- CCi?Tx II1NiTTI_:L Approved For Release 1999/08/25: CIA-RDP78-03109A000500010014-9 Approved For Release 1999/08/25 CIA-RDP78-03109A000500010014-9 CPYRGHT CONFIDEi;' 1-41, 1 -ML 1. Fundamental Policies in the Economic Development of Manchuria During the War The fundamental policies laid down for economic development in Ianchuria have, since the sudden outbreak of the Greater East nsia War, taken into account `'the fact that I .anc1iur.a holds a special - position as the nucleus of the Greater oast Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere. The objective has been, therefore, to build it up as a mainstay of the'Greater East Asia economic structure. By combining this objective with the 'execution of the war and by guaranteeing a supply of wartime emergency needs to Japan, we planned to establish a mutually interdependent national defense and economic force fur the defense of the North, which would reveal a'co-operative strength in carrying the Greater East Asia-War to its successful conclusion, To this end expansion of basic industries became- the fundamental policy. We will s:;t up metal industries with the experience gained in the past 10 years; we will emphasize-increased production of iron and steel, light metals,, non-ferrous metals, coo l and electric power at this time when the'raw materials ofthe'country should'be turned into war strength.. Above all, the emergency increase in the produc- tion of iron,-steel and light metals should be maintained in keeping with the current war situation. 'In agriculture, to achieve self-sufficiency in-foodstuffs through-. out Japan and 'Manchuria and to increase wartime emergency agricultural production, we are carrying out plans to prepare emergency farming land to meet the Cabinet's recent decision. By these. and other-general measures we are planning P. great. increase in the supply of foodstuff s', Since the results of these economic developments in Manchuria will contribute greatly to't-he war potential of our country, the policies which made them possible will give positive assistance to our country's endeavors as well. 2. :economic Harmony Betweenn_Kwantun Leased'Territor.-and Ianchuria Kwantung Leased Territory and iiarichur'ia are inseparable-in the sphere of industrial economy.` Especially in the control of produc- tion, finance, raw materials, etc., the two must be one unit:.,.::-:If this were not true, the expected results could not be attained. In all general administrative matters related to-production and economy a close relationship is maintained, and everything is done in co-opera tion. Fur example, although Kwantung Leased Territory and Manchuria differ basically in administrative agencies and regulations: 1. In the movements of materials they plan and execute policies as one agency. 2. Since 1939 in the handling of foreign exchange, they have been operating together under an agency which is actually a Prov- isional Exchange Bureau. 3. Since 191+0 they have used this Provisional- Exchange Bureau as a Provisional Trade and Exchange Bureau, acting substaiatially as one body in handling trade with Japan and China. -6- CC'_'TIDETTTIAL Approved For Release 1999/08/25: CIA-RDP78-03109A000500010014-9 Approved For Release 1999/08/25: CIA-RDP78-03109A000500010014-9 COi r;I + l'I'IL__ CPYRGHT ?+. With regard to.'othex matters, of production cbntrul they generally issue like regulations and act_under similar.Policies.. The First Five-Year Plan and Its Results .Although in the beginning, there--were numerous unexpected dif,- ficulties, the First;-Five-Year Plan overcame them, and. the Plan terminated in 1941.'.--- The Plan was put into effect in 1937 to-exploit the existing resources which might be needed in time..'of .emergency,.to facili- tate self-sufficiency in 1anchuria,, and to supply, the resources which .were:. lacking :iii .Ja-,pan. However, soon after .the Plan was put into effect, the Sino-Japanese War broke out, and the need for forming a self-sufficient economic bloc, comprising Japan, kanchu- ria and China, became increasingly urgent. Thus, lienchuria's im- portance was multiplied. accordingly the First F.ive-Year Plan was revised and expanded, and every effort was made to carry it out. ..?"Originelly the budget for the First Five-Year Plan was 2,$OO,000.,'000,.but this was revised to six billion yen. Unfortu- nately, the 3ino-Japanese ;oar was unduly prolonged, hostilities: began in the northern area, and then war broke out in Europe. Under these circumstances the First Five-Year Plan met a great many The outbreak of hostilities between Soviet Russia and Germany, the freezing of funds by emerica; the difficulty in obtaining construction materials, and the :shortage of labor af- fected the. successful completion of this plan.. However,, generally speaking, the results have been fairly satisfact,ury. ,For example, result.-, of the final. year of the Plan as compared to results of the first year show that coal and shale oil production was doubled (mines operated by the South iianchuria Railway Company Limited(*1) produced five times more), iron manu- faeturin~ capacity was two-and--one-half times more, and lead and zinc outputs were about four times and twelvQ times more, re- spectively. L wland rice tripled in yield. ,.luminum, magnesium, cupper,a.mmonium sulphate, hydro-electric power and liquid fuel industries evolved. The results of the First Five-Year Plan were as follows: L,See following table (*1) Hereafter South i,