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December 15, 2016
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September 3, 2002
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Approved Foi elease 2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05770 00100040015-4 'mr ILLEGIB DOC ______-- REV DATE I ORIa COMP _S~c Opt 0616 CLASS `~ PAGES JUST ? BY R~CLASS _3..~---- A4iHi HR 18.3 25X1 Approved For Release 2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05779A000100040015-4 Approved For Relebft 2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05779A000100040015-4 Report on the National Communications System . On 11 July 196;, NSAM-252 was signed by Mr. McGeorge Bundy; Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs. It specified that '`a National Communications System shall be established by linking together, improving and extending on an evolu- tionary basis the communications facilities of the various Federal agencies" with the OBJECTIVE of providing necessary communications for the Federal Government under all conditions. It specified further that the TICS 'will be developed and operated to be responsive to the needs of national command and user agencies and be capable of meeting priority requirements under emergency or war conditions.' Initial emphasis in the development of the NCS is to be placed on meeting the needs for com- munications in the national security programs, particularly to overseas areas. Although the l1CS was not specifically defined, it was generally conceived that it would be comprised of the long-haul, point-to-point, -trunk communication which.could serve one or more agencies. The organization set forth in NSAM-201 (ORRICK SUBCOP24ITTEE) was superseded by NSAvI-252 in which the President c:'.ireeted. the following organizational arrangements relating to the establishment and operation of the NCS. 1. The Director of Telecommunications Management shall a) Provide policy direction for the development and operation of the NCS. b) Serve as Special Assistant to the President on Telecommunications. 2. 7'he Special Assistant to the President on Telecommunications shall a) b) Identify Presidential requirements. Formulate and issue guidance on priority or require- merit s. c) Monitor actions for compliance with guidance and policy. Approved For Release 2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05779A000100040015-4 Approved For Rse 2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05779AQ00,100040015-4 d) Ensure adequate planning to meet future needs of the NCS. c) Advise the President on NCS regarding: - Responsibilities of implementing and using Agencies. - Requirements to be met. - Guidance to the Executive Agent on design and operation. - Adequacy of system designed. /ince the position of Telecommunications Management was unfilled, Dr. Jerome Wiesner, Special Assistant to the President for Science and Technology was directed to perform the functions of Special Assistant on Tele- communications on an interim basis7. 3. The Secretary of Defense was designated as the EXECUTIVE AGENT for the NCS to design, for the President's approval, the NCS and to develop necessary plans for meeting the basic NCS objective. Administrator of General Services shall continue to repre- sent certain agencies in negotiations with commercial carriers and work with the Executive Agent in developing the Federal Telecommunications System as part of the NCS in accordance with approved plans and policies. 5. Bureau of the Budget will prescribe general guidelines and procedures for reviewing the financing of the NCS and for the preparation of budget estimates by participating agencies. 6. Other Agencies are directed to cooperate with and assist the Special Assistant, Executive Agent and GSA. On 6 August the Secretary of Defense forwarded a letter to the Secretary of State, Administrator NASA, General Services Administrator, and Federal Aviation Administrator which 1) Designated the Director of DCA as the Manager for the NCS. 2) Appointed Mr. Solis Horowitz to the position of Assistant to the Secretary of Defense for NCS. and 3) requested that each of the addressee agencies designate a full time representative to DCA to work with the Manager on NCS matters. Approved For Release 2002/10/31-2CIA-RDP78-05779A000100040015-4 Approved For Re!e 2002/10/31: CIA-RDP78-05779A0QO A0040015-4 r , Mr. Horowitz is to effect coordination With all agencies, review the progress being made and make recommendations to the SECDEF for improving efficiency, economy, and effectiveness of the NCS. Enclosed with this letter was a copy of a SECDEF memorandum to the Manager of NCS assigning him 10 initial tasks designed to fulfill the NCS objective. These tasks are to be completed in the form of proposals or recommendations to the Executive Agent (SECDEF) and were assigned target dates for completion. On 21 August 1963, McGeorge Bundy signed a memorandum to the "Heads of All Executive Departments and Agencies" on the subject of the Establishment of the National Communications System. This memo- randum was essential to extend the coverage of the NSAM and the 6 August McNamara letter to all Federal Departments. It had three attachments: 1) Memorandum from the President - 21 August 1963 (sterilized NSAM-252). 2) Procedures and Working Relationships or the National Communications System - 21 August 1963. 3) Statement of Initial Tasks Assigned to the Manager NCS - 6 August 1963. Although NSAM--252 and Secretary NcNamara's letter. established the ground rules and initiated DOD, GSA, NASA, FAA, band State into the ITCS fraternity as charter members, Mr. Bundy's 21 August memorandum was the official White House announcement of NCS to the other Departments of the Federal Government and directed their cooperation in reaching the ultimate objectivc^ of a National Co::n_.unications System. 25X1A9A Thus (with neology to we had a multiple wedding and a valid merriagc license. 25X1 Approved For Release 2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05779A000100040015-4 Approved For ReE `e 0 2 - - 779AORZ1100040015-4 Net,i onal, Co:lmur_icotions System -- Or. genization Executive Agent for NCS ( Robert S. McNomara ) (Secretary of Defense) Manager NCS (Lt. Gene::: -al Alfred. D. Starbird ) ( Director DCA ) 25X1A9 NCS Advisory Staff C. D. May - DCA Coordinator M. P. F. C. D. Mil A. Pri A. Sim G. Sha ler - ce - ons - w - GSA NASA FAA STATE Merlbcr Member Member mnrihpr Director of Tole corvmuni cations Management Serves as Soccial Assistant To The President on Tele coruauni cations (Dr. Jerome t-Tiesnor) Assistant to The SECDEF for NCS (Solis Horowitz) Approved For Rele 779A000100040015-4 Approved For ROW 0 1 Q/ ~ , CI44; 2~2P78=0577~AO 00040015-4 From an analysis of the Presidential Directive, the Manager, NCS, determined that there were two basic objectives the NCS must achieve-- both in the short and long range period. a) Ensuring that our most important national communications assets are devoted the most critical needs of survival in any national emergency, and b) Developing plans, programs, procedures, and organizational arrangements to ensure that NCS assets are progressively improved and linked together and operated so that they can effectively meet the day-to-day needs as well no those in any possible emergency situation. In the first 90 days the work of NCS has been one of investigating and examining over-all communications assets, developing initial pro- cedures and plotting courses to be followed to achieve the above objec- tives. During these 90 days, Tasks I, IT, and III were completed. TASK I & II - With input and assistance from the NCS operating agencies, the Manager, NCS, on 7 September 1963, forwarded his recom- mendations that some 15 military and 29 civil networks be identified as subsystem (assets) of the NCS and that agencies operating these subsystems continue to be responsible for their operation pending completion of the near term-FY-65-and long term plans. Since the identification of these systems included through to 30 June 1961, a projection of FY-?64 programs was required. Although NSAM-252 "conceived that the NCS would he comprised of long-haul, point-to-point trunk communications", the final decision was to submit for inclusion in the NCS all circuits processed staff communications traffic. More appropriately, we excluded all circuits which were in exclusive support of orations. that perhaps, lop- This decision, of course, was made in full recognition of the possible impact on = We were aware that, as an operating agency of the NCS, we would be subject to receiving various requirements as pertained to our system and that by including all our TRIB circuits in the NCS and having them defined therefore as "I'ICS ASSETS", we were entending the scope that these requirements could cover. For example, we could be requested to keep NCS informed on "circuit out" conditions on all our circuits so as to present in Washington a national picture of communications capability. TASK III - The emrphasis placed by the Manager, NCS, on meeting requirements for emergency conditions was initially highlighted in the development of Task III - the allocation of circuits. Procedures 25X1 25X1 Approved For Releas - - 79A000100040015-4 Approved For Rel1fte 2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05779A00040015-4 f were developed to meet requirements which were of the emergency, short- time variety as well as those which were required for day-to-day opera- tions. In general, both requirements would be submitted to the operating agency responsible for providing the service, and if it could be met by them, the circuit would be provided. If not, the operating agency would forward the circuit requirement to the Manager who would look over his total resources to see how the service could be met. Formats were developed for the submission of these requirements although in an emergency, a phone call would be accepted. Washington Area points of contact were provided by the operating agencies for the acceptance of those emergency require- ments. Overseas contact points were designated by the Department of Defense (DCA Regional Operations Centers). The plan also outlined the need for some management of these circuits. DOD (again DCA) procedures for both technical and operational control were submitted as examples of these management tools. The Manager, NCS, indicated that similar con- trol procedures would be developed for the NCS. Reflecting back to our Task I & II submissions - we recognize that particular attention will have to be given in the development of these procedures to limit the controls to trunk circuits. If they extend down to our tributary circuits it is conceivable that we could lose some of our operational control. Less important, perhaps, but of equal significance, we could be burdened with a reporting workload that would be formidable and necessitate additional personnel. TASI' IV - The near term FY-65 plan was completed on 7 November 1963. The essential problems addressed. in this plan were: a. The examination of similar communications systems to see if unnecessary duplication existed. and to determine if there would be problems of integration. Systems in this category were: 1. DOD/FAA - essentially air traffic control 2. DOD/GSA - digital switching 3. DOD/FAA/WEATHER BUREAU - weather systems Li. DOD/GSA - voice switching 5. Secure voice switching b. The review of communications systems of Federal Agencies not initially included in the NCS (continuation of Tasks I & II). c. The status of incomplete ORRICK committee items. C 0 NP'7- LRl - NINrum Approved For Release 2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05779A000100040015-4 Approved For Relwise 2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05779A0 100040015-4 d. The submission of the FY-65 programs of the NCS operating ^:gencicc. This was in the form of statements by the operating agencies of their FY-65 objectives in exlbrcmely broad terms with the primary purpose of recommending rodifi cations or improvements to these programs which would require FY-65 bud{-;et adjustments. In addition the near term outlined the procedures for subrnittinr require?:icnts by a using agency to the responsible operating, agency for the annual long range plan - FY 66-69. The problem of COMSEC was addressed but only in most general texas. The Manager, NCS indicated that COMSEC would be looked into in the development of the long teri:l Plan. He personally believes the guidance provided by NSA needs strengthening. 25X1A9A Approved For Release 2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05779A000100040015-4 rh 4s of. VA t ;t's rmr~E3tn j a4 NA :1'1:31 T THE WHITE HOUSE .WASHINGTON MEMORANDUM TO THE Attachment No. 2 HEADS OF'ALL EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS AND AGENCIES SUBJECT.- Establishment of the National Communications System ? The President has directed the establishment of a National communications System (NCS). to provide better communications support to critical functions of government. Attachment 1 advises the Heads of Departments and Agencies of this action and.designates the Director of Telecommunications Management as Special Assistant to the President for Telecommunications to advise and assist him with respect to communications .requirements and plans for the NCS. The President has further directed that on an interim basis his Special Assistant for'Science and Technology shall perform .the functions assigned to the Director of Telecommunications Management concerning the establishment of a National -Communications System. McGeorge Bundy Attachments : 1 Memorandum from the President--August 21, 1963 - Procedures and Working 'Relationships for the National Communications System--August 21, 1963 Statement of Initial Tasks Assigned to the Manager of. the National Communications System--August 6, :1963 e `. Approved For Release-2002/10/31: CIA-RDP78-05779A000100040015-4 vedFor Re'e 2002/10/31: CIA-RDP78-05779A0p1000400 Approved For ReF s e 2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05779AO0 1100040015-4 PRESIDENT's MEMORANDUM Approved For Release 2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05779A000100040015-4 August 21, 1963 MEMORANDUM TO THE HEADS OF EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS AND AGENCIES SUBJECT: Establishment of the National Communications System the various Federal agencies. National Communications System (NCS). It shall be established and developed by; M{nkin together, zri rovi 7g, an,; p d tcncting,on an evolutionary basis the communications facilities and components of functions of government there is need to establish a unified governmental communications system which will be called the In order to strengthen the communications support of'all major survivability of essential communications in all circumstances. additional private facilities. The NCS will also provide the necessary combinations of hardness, mobility, and circuit redundancy to obtain user agencies and be capable of meeting priority requirements under emergency or war conditions through use of reserve capacity and . to be responsive to the variety of needs of the national command and including nuclear attack. The system will be developed and operated The objective of the NCS will be to provide necessary communica- tions for the Federal Government under all conditions ranging from a normal situation to national emergencies and international crises, NCS. The extent and character of the system require careful' consideration in light of the priorities of need,. the benefits to be will be examined and satisfied, as warranted, in the context of the programs, sp i icu1arly K re s to: overseas As rapidly as is consistent with meeting critical needs, other Government needs Initial emphasis in developing the NCS will be on meeting the most critical needs for communications in national security obtained, and the c ~,a st. !Einyr6Tved Approved For R ~se 2002/10/31 CIA-RDP78-05779A0 0 0(A1W 54/J/j 111-5- 11 Approved For Release 2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05779A000100040015-4 Approved For ReWse 2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05779AQ,Q100040015-4 Although no complete definition of the NCS can be made in advance of design studies and evolution in practice, it is generally conceived' that the NCS would be comprised primarily of the long haul, point-to-point, trunk communications which can serve one or more agencies. ments relating'to the establishment and effective operation of the NCS. The President has directed the following organizational arrange- Executive Office R e sponsibilitie s In. carrying out his functions pursuant to Executive Orders 10705 and 10995 and under this memorandum, the Director of Telecommunications Management shall be responsible for policy direction of the development and operation of a National Communications System. In this capacity, he shall also serve as a Special Assistant to the President for Telecommunications and shall: a. Advise with respect to communication requirements to be supplied through the NCS; the responsibilities of the agencies in implementing and utilizing the NCS; the guidance to be given to the Secretary of Defense as Executive Agent for* the NCS with respect to the design and operation of the NCS; and the adequacy of system designs developed by the Executive Agent to provide, on a priority basis and under varying conditions of emergency, communications to the users of the NCS. b.. Identify those requirements unique to the needs of the Presidency. is . Formulate and issue to the Executive Agent guidance as to the relative priorities of requirements. d. Exercise review and surveillance of actions to insure compliance with policy determinations and guidance. e. Ensure that there is adequate planning to meet future needs of the NCS. f. Assist the President with respect to his coordinating and other functions under the Communications Satellite Act of 1962 as may be specified by Executive Order or otherwise. Approved For Release.2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05779A000100040015-4 Approved For Re4 se 2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05779AGUO 00040015-4 he will consult with the Director of the Office of Science and Technology and the Director of the Bureau of the Budget,. as appropriate; will establish arrangements for inter-agency consultation to ensure that the NCS will meet the essential needs of all Government agencies; and will be responsible for carrying on the work of the Subcommittee on Communications of the Executive Committee of the National Security Council which is hereby abolished. In addition to staff regularly assigned, he is authorized to arrange for the assignment of communications and other specialists from any agency by detail.or temporary assignment. The Bureau of the Budget, in consultation with the. Special Assistant to the President for Telecommunications, the Executive Agent and the Administrator of General Services, will prescribe general guidelines' and procedures for'reviewing the financing of the NCS within the budgetary process and for preparation of budget estimates by the participating agencies. . Special Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs; In performing these functions, the Special Assistant to the President'for Telecommunications will work closely with the Executive Agent Responsibilities To obtain the benefits of unified technical planning and operations, a single Executive Agent for the NCS is necessary. The President has designated the Secretary of Defense to serve in this capacity. He shall: a. Design, for the approval of the President, the NCS, taking into consideration the communication needs and resources of all Federal agencies. System to accomplish their respective undertakings in the development and operation of the system. b. Develop plans for fulfilling approved requirements and. priority determinations, . and recommend assignments of implementation responsibilities to user agencies. c. Assist the user agencies and the General Services Administrator with respect to the'-Federal Telecommunications Approved For Release 2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05779A000100040015-4 Approved For Rellmde 2002/10/31 CIA-RDP78-05779A0 0000040015-4 d,. Allocate, reallocate, and arrange for restoration of communications facilities to authorized users based on approved requirements and priorities. . e. Develop operational plans and provide ope,rational guidance with respect to all elements of the NCS, including (I) the prescription of standards and practices as to operation, maintenance, and installation; (2) the maintenance of necessary records to ensure effective utilization of the NCS; (3) the request of assignments of radio frequencies for the NCS; (4) the monitoring of frequency utilization; and (5).the exercise and test of system effectiveness. f. Within general policy guidance, carry on long range planning to ensure the NCS meets future Government needs, especially in the national security area, and conduct and coordinate research and development in support of the NCS to ensure that'the NCS reflects advancements in the art of communications. The Secretary of Defense may delegate these functions within the Department of Defense subject'at all times to his direction, authority, and control. In carrying out his responsibilities for design, development and operation of the NCS, the Secretary will make approp- riate arrangements for participation of staff of other agencies. Responsibilities of the Administrator of General Services The Federal Telecommunications System, established with the approval of the President under authority of the Federal Property and .Administrative Services Act of 1949, as amended, to provide communications services to certain agencies in the Fifty States, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, shall be a part of the NCS and shall be implemented and developed in accordance with approved plans and policies developed pursuant to this memer andum. The Executive Agent and the Administrator of General Services shall be responsible for establishing arrangements to avoid duplication in requests for cost, traffic, and other information needed from agencies served by the FTS. Approved For Release 2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05779A000100040015-4 Nothing contained herein shall affect the responsibilities of the Administrator of General Services under the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949, as amended, with respect to the representation of agencies in negotiations with carriers and in pro- ceedings before Federal and state regulatory bodies; prescription of policies and methods of procurement; and the procurement either ' directly or by delegation of authority to other agencies of public utility communications services. Agency Responsibilities All agencies are directed by the President to cooperate with and assist the Special Assistant to the President for Telecommunications, the Executive Agent, and the Administrator of General Services in the performance of the functions set forth above. This memorandum shall be published in the Federal Register. Approved For Relydse 2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05779A(-. ,100040015-4 Approved For Release 2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05779A000100040015-4 - Approved For Relecte 2002/10/31: CIA-RDP78-05779A0R0 00040015-4 PROCEDURES &. WORKING RELATIONSHIPS Approved For Release 2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05779A000100040015-4 OFFICIAL USE ONLY PROCEDURES AND WORKING RELATIONSHIPS FOR THE NCS Reference: Memorandum to the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies, 21 August 1963, Subject: Establishment of the National Communications System 1. This memorandum outlines procedures and working relationships to apply initially in implementing the National Communications System (NCS) as established by referenced memorandum. Like the NCS itself, the relationships and procedures must be ,Zvo1utio -a7 These procedures, taken together with the reference are designed to guide and assist the Agencies in planning their participation in the NCS. . SPECIAL ASSISTANT TO THE PRESIDENT FOR TELECOMMUNICATIONS 2. Pending the appointment of a Director of Telecommunications Management, who, as provided in referenced memorandum, shall also serve as Special Assistant to the-President for Telecommunications Dr. Jerome B. Wiesner has been designated to perform on an interim basis the functions pertaining to the NCS assigned to the Special Assistant. STAFF SUPPORT TO THE EXECUTIVE AGENT 3. To aid him in discharging his responsibilities the Executive Agent has established the following administrative arrangements: Approved For Reset : CIA-RDP78-05779A00100040 1 a. Ai-stant"to ,the Executive Awe or-NCS, The Executive Agent has de`signated:Mr-; Solis Horwitz as his Assistant for the NCS. He has given Mr. Horwitz responsibility for receiving and processing requirements from Agencies served by-the NCS,. for reviewing progress being made' in attaining the objectives of the NCS, making recommendations to the Executive Agent on tasks to Approved For Release 2002/10/31': CIA-RDP78-05779A000100040015-4- Approved For ReITe 2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05779A000040015-4 OFFICIAL USE ONLY be assigned and on other matters as appropriate. b. ;li~fnn .jer, vrCS,g' The Executive= Agent has given the Director, DCA, additional responsibility as Manager, NCS. In this capacity he will employ the DCA staff and call upon other Agencies, and upon elements of DOD as necessary for the accomplishment of tasks assigned by the Executive Agent, work in close coordination with the representatives of Agencies with regard to assigned tasks, and inform Agencies of actions recommended which affect their require- rents or affect the subsystems or elements of the NCS for which they are assigned responsibility. c. Representatives of Other NCS Government Agencies. GSA,_ FAA, and NASA have each been requested to designate a responsible individual to serve full time as its representative to the NCS Executive Agent and to work with the Manager, NCS. Such representatives shall be the primary point of contact between their Agencies and the Executive Agent's staff in the DOD. Other Agencies'. have been requested to designate a point of contact for dealing with the Executive Agent on. matters pertaining to the NCS. DEFINITION OF AND PLANNING THE ESTABLISHMENT AND IMPROVEMENT OF THE NCS 4. The Executive Agent is responsible for designing the NCS for the approval of the President, developing plans for fulfilling approved requirements and priority determinations, and recommending implementation responsibilities. To accomplish his responsibilities, the Executive Agent has directed the Manager, NCS, to undertake the following tasks in coordination with the other interested Agencies: a. Definition of NCS. Prepare for the Executive Agent to submit to the President by 15 September 1963, recommendations identifying those communications assets which should be included now in the NCS and additions which should be considered for possible later incorporation. b. Operating Responsibilities. Prepare for the Executive Agent to submit to the President, simultaneously with the NCS definition, recommendations as to which Government Department. or Agency Approved For Release 2002/10/31 CIA-RDP78-05779A000100040015-4 Approved For Ret We 2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05779A00 0100040015-4 . OFFICIAL USE ONLY should have responsibility for installation, operation, maintenance, and modification of NCS assets identified in a. above, including responsibility for budgeting and funding. c. Initial Plan. Prepare for the Executive Agent to submit to the President by 1 November 1963 a near-term plan setting forth initial objectives to be achieved and requirements to be met by the NCS, and recommending modifications or improvements affect- ing the FY 1965 budget. During the preparation of the plan all proposals for modifications and improvements will be examined within the overall NCS context and, as appropriate, incorporated in the plan. For those proposals not incorporated in the plan, the Executive Agent will submit to the President the reasons for the . recommendation along with any differing view of the affected agency. d. Annual Long-Range Plan. Prepare for the Executive Agent to submit to the President by 1 April 1964, and annually on that date thereafter, a Long-Range Plan (covering the forthcoming FY and four FY's thereafter)' updating objectives and requirements to be met by the NCS, identifying requirements not fully met and recommending further modification and improvement as necessary. Where appropriate, the Long-Range Plan will present and cost alternative ways of satisfying user requirements. Issues of policy and differences of views between agencies will be identified. During the preparation of the Long-Range Plan, all proposals 'for modification and improvement will be examined and appropriate proposals will be incorporated in the plan. In addition, the plan will recommend any appropriate changes in the assets to be included in.the NCS and in assignment of responsibility to the Agencies. For proposals not recommended for inclusion in the plan or for other, controversial aspects, the Executive Agent will submit his views to the President along with the differing views of the other Agencies. 5.~ y 9cta..Cr and annually thereafter on 1 January, the Special Assistant to the President willl,furnish to the Executive Agent any communications requirements on the NCS unique to the Presidency so that these requirements can be reflected in NCS plans prepared ley the Executive Agent. Approved For Release 2002/ - - 0100040015-4 Approved For Refse 2002/10/31: CIA-RDP78-05779A0 0Q100040015-4 OFFICIAL USE ONLY -4- REVIEW AND APPROVAL OF REQUIREMENTS 6. The Special Assistant to the President has responsibility for advising the President with regard to communications requirements to be supplied by the NCS, responsibilities of Agencies in implement- ing and utilizing the NCS, the guidance to be given to the 'Executive Agent with regard to design and operation, and the adequacy of system { designs developed by the Executive Agent. He is charged also with formulating and issuing to the Executive Agent guidance as to relative ;priority of requirements and with insuring that there is adequate planning to meet future needs of the NCS. 7. To assist the Special Assistant to the President and the President in the review and approval of communications requirements to be satisfied by the NCS, the following procedures are established: .a. Certain Agencies, such as DOD, GSA, FAA, NASA and State, will be assigned responsibilities for operating, and budgeting and funding for specific components of the NCS and for meeting specific requirements of the NCS as indicated. in paragraph 4b of this document. The processing of NCS requirements and the preparation of plans to meet these requirements will be accomplished in the following manner: (1) Agencies having requirements for service within the NCS will submit their requirements by 1 December to the operating agency designated as responsible for providing the required service. (2) Agencies operating components of the NCS will consolidate their own requirements for their components of the NCS and those of the other Agencies for which they are responsible for providing service. The consolidated requirements, together with the proposed plan for meeting the requirements, will be submitted to the Executive Agent by 1 January, Such operating agencies will include.initially the DOD, GSA, FAA, NASA and the State Department. (3) The Director, Office of Emergency Planning, will submit his requirements for communications support including OFFICIAL USE ONLY Approved For Release 2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05779A000100040015-4 Approved For Rele 2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05779A000040015-4 the Agency relocation centers (ARC). to the Executive Agent by 1 January.' (4) All civil agencies having CON'US requirements for service .from the NCS, except where covered in (2) and (3) above, will submit these to the Executive Agent through the Administrator of General Services, for his comment as to the appropriateness of meeting the need through the Federal Telecommunications System (FTS) component of the NCS. If considered appropriate by the Administrator of General Services, the necessary capability will be incorporated in his plan submitted in accordance with (2) above. (5) The form for submission of requirements, and of plans for fulfillment, will be prescribed by the Executive Agent. (6) The Executive Agent will transmit, for advanced infor- mation, one set of Agencies' submissions to the Special Assistant. b. Procedures for meeting requirements associated with the day-to-day operations within the NCS will be promulgated by the Executive Agent. c. Subject to any guidance from the Special Assistant to the President as-to relative priority of requirements, the Executive Agent will examine the Agencies' statements of requirements and proposals for modifications and improvements to the NCS and, based upon his review, integrate these, as appropriate, into the consolidated statement of requirements and NCS Long-Range Plan for submission to the President. d. The Special Assistant to the President will review the Initial and Long-Range Plans, which include the statement of Agency requirements, the plans for meeting these requirements, and policy matters, and will make appropriate recommendations to the. President. The plans and requirements, as approved by the President, will constitute the basis for implementation of the NCS. V.. Approved For Release 2002/10/31 CIA-RDP78-05779A000100040015-4 Approved For Rel a 2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05779AOODD100040015-4 OFFICIAL USE, ONLY - b - . e. The NCS Operating Agencies (initially DOD, GSA FAA NASA , , , and State) will include in their programs and budgets the necessary funds to carry out their specific NCS responsibilities under the approved plans The e will b b . s e su ject to the normal budgetary review process. CHANGES IN APPROVED PLANS AND REQUIREMENTS 8 R ui . eq rements and plans will be subject to modification to meet changing conditions between planning cycles. Responsibility for meeting the changed circumstances and requirements lies with the NCS Operating Agencies, where such changes do not involve sig- nificant departure from approved NCS objectives or plans. However, a, Where a change may affect adversely any Agency's capability to carry out assigned responsibilities or to meet requirements under the approved plans, the Agency will immediately inform the Executive action. The Executive Agent will consider the recommended corrective ti ac on and other alternatives and will take action as appropriate. b. Where an agency requires assistance or service from the NCS not provided for in approved plans, it will transmit the requirement to the Executive Agent. If the Executive Agent considers the require- ment to be valid and that it can be met from existing NCS resources, he will approve the provision of such assistance or service after concurrence of the operating agency concerned. The Executive Agent will inform the Special Assistant of any such approvals which depart significantly from approved requirements or plans for the NCS. In case of disagreement between the agency and the Executive Agent as to validity, the matter will be referred to the President. Should provision of such assistance or service not be possible within existing NCS resources, a plan for provision of the additional resources will be developed by the Executive Agent who will make recommendation to the President as appropriate. c. Major changes in the definition of the NCS, major changes in the assignment of Agency responsibilities and significant issues of policy will be submitted by the Executive Agent to the President for his approval. OFFICIAL USE ONLY ApprovedFor Release 2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05779A000100040015-4 INITIAL TASKS TO BE PERFORMED 9. The Executive Agent has directed theManager, NCS, to accomplish the tasks outlined in paragraph 4 above as well as certain other initial tasks, as described in the attachment, Attachment: Statement of Initial Tasks for the National Communications System (NCS) OFFICIAL USE ONLY Approved For Release 2002/10/31: CIA-RDP78-05779A000100040015-4 Approved For R94wse 2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05779A0; 00040015-4 ATTACHMENT. OFFICIAL USE ONLY Statement of Initial Tasks for the National Communications System (NCS) The following ten tasks pertaining to the NCS have been assigned .to the Manager, NCS, by the Secretary of Defense in his capacity .as Executive Agent, NCS: a. Task 1. Prepare recommendations for submission by me to the President identifying those national governmental communications assets which should be included now in the NCS as subsystems* or components of the NCS and additions which should be considered for later incorporation. Target date 6 September 1963. b. Task 2. Prepare simultaneously recommendations for me regarding which Government Department or Agency should have responsibility for installation, operation, maintenance, modification (including budgeting and funding responsibility) of each subsystem or component identified in a. above. Target date - 6 September 1963. c. Task 3. Prepare proposals for organizational arrangements and necessary procedures for' the NCS which will accomplish effective allocation, reallocation, and arranging for restoral of circuits and channels and other assets of the NCS to'authorized users based on approved requirements and priorities. Target date 7 October 1963. _ d. Task 4. Prepare a near-term plan for' FY 1965 budget guidance and later a long-range plan, recommending objectives, modification and improvement in the NCS as necessary to provide communications for the Federal Government Approved For Release 2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05179A000100040015-4 Approved For Reloa+se 2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05779A0Q00040015-4 OFFICIAL USE ONLY under all conditions ranging from normal situations to international crises and national emergencies, including nuclear. attack. Target date for completion of the initial near-term plan is 1 November 1963 and for the initial long-range plan is 1 April 1964, e. Task.5. Prepare and issue operational guidance which` will prescribe the standards and practices governing operation, maintenance. and installation of the NCS. Such guidance will include provisions for the maintenance of necessary records to insure effective utilization of NCS resources. Target date.for' an initial report on accomplishment 2 December 1963. f. Task 6. Prepare' for my consideration a plan to accomplish assignment of radio frequencies for the NCS and for monitoring radio frequency utilization. Target date - 4 November 1963. g. Task. 7. Prepare for my approval a plan for the exercise 2 December 1963. and test of NCS effectiveness. Target date for the accomplishment h. Task 8. Prepare proposals for establishing a realistic needs in. time of an emergency. Target date - 2 December 1963. and other assets of the NCS so as best to meet National Government. priority system to govern reallocating and restoring of circuitry i. Task 9. Prepare for my approval a plan and recommend a structure for carrying out research and development essential to the progressive improvement of the NCS.. Target date - 2 December 1963. j. Task 10. Prepare and submit recommended revisions as necessary in organization structure, manpower needs and .financial requirements for you to accomplish your responsibilities, this to be' based on early consultation and coordination with the Designated Representatives of other operating agencies. Target date'- 15 September 1963. Approved for Release 2002/10/31 CIA-RDP78-05779A000100040015-4 by CIA k1lo Rt IOW. 44 s#ds do CIA ,AaS fl" ?.-,----3 61 CIA ~, , tt ott A 41b2i Kot I3asl* WASks "MC 7 -7 DCo l~ REV 000~ oRI.b COMP7O/ eTa SECRET DESCRIPTION OF THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENTAL COMMUNICATIONS ASSETS RECOMMENDED FOR INITIAL INCORPORATION IN THE NCS AND THOSE TO BE CONSIDERED FOR POSSIBLE LATER INCORPORATION -A koY uG ' t c 9ATk314I- pE ISCS'OF TAM-__ B,SFIOW4AGE tAWY.O, TIYLX 13, U.3dl.,i5fEO$ 193_AHD 19411H2 TRA:.SR11&StOP OEl RtVCLATIOC4 OF WHICH M AUY NAM&Cj To A44 UWAUTHORIL"OA P08 04 IS i~ i01$i~SIITi 4rf . DOWNGRADED AT ..3 YEAR INTERVALS DECLASSIFIED AFTER X2-_ YEARS. Appendices A, B,'C, D and E contain the descriptions of those national governmental communications assets which are recommended to be included now in the NCS.and designate the agencies recommended to be initially responsible for the installation, operation, maintenance and modification (including budgeting and funding) of the listed NCS.assets. Appendices F and G contain the descriptions of those national governmental communications assets which are recommended for consideration for possible later incorporation in.the NCS APPENDIX A DOD Operated Networks/Systems .APPENDIX B -.GSA Operated Networks/Systems APPENDIX C - FAA Operated Networks/Systems APPENDIX D - Stat~Operated Networks/Systems APPENDIX'E - NASA Operated Networks/Systems APPENDIX F,- Future Consideration ?- DOD APPENDIX G - .Future Consideration _-'.Civil Agencies App r.-oved-.For Release2002/10/31: CIA-RDP78-05779A000100040015-4 Responsibility: DOD as the operating agency of the NCS assets, :identified below, is the responsible agency.for the planning,- installation, operation, maintenance and budgeting therefor. DEFENSE COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM (DCS) (less assets for future consideration identified in Appendix F.) - The DCS is. the world., wide complex of DOD communications networks, equipments, control centers, operating personnel, installations, and other related activities, facilities and resources organized into a single, compatible, long-haul, point-to-point communications system. The DCS includes all world-wide, long-haul, government-owned .and leased,point-to-point circuits, trunks, terminals, switching centers, control facilities and tributaries required to provide .communications: from the President, to and between the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Chiefs of Staff and other government ,.agencies as directed;. from the. Secretary of Defense and the Joint Chiefs of Staff, to and between the Military Departments and the Unified and Specified Commands; from the Military Depart- ments to and between their major and subordinate commands, as :directed; from the Unified and Specified Commands to and between their component and-other subordinate.commands,_as directed; and- from any of the above to allied commands when and as directed.. The DCS does not include: tactical. communications which are self-contained within tactical organizations; self-contained information gathering, transmitting and/or processing facilities.. which are normally operation and use; land, ship and.. airborne terminal facilities of broadcast, ship-to-ship, ship-to-shore, and ground=air-ground systems;'intra-site commu= nications.for command, count-down, range safety, and weapon destruct at missile and air defense launch and firing-complexes. DCS circuits operated by Army, Navy and Air Force-are shown in DOD Charts 1, 2 and 3 of Enclosure 2. ALASKA COMMUNICATION SYSTEM - A system of cable, landlife, and radio circuits providing data, voice, teletype, and graphic' service within'Alaska and between Alaska and the CONUS. See DOD Chart 4 of Enclosure-2. ATLANTIC MISSILE RANGE - A system of.cable and radio,circuits proyidi:ng voice,, and teletype.. pervice " f.or, the control ; and tracking of missile's. See DOD'O art 5 of Enclosure 2.. AUTODIN -'An automatic digital switching system designed to.. handle digital data and message traffic in.a secure or non- secure mode. Currently in operation in CONUS are five modern automatic digital message and circuit switches. These switches.-, are located at Norton AFB, McClellan AFB, Gentile AFB, Tinker AFB-j.and Andrews AFB. See DOD Chart 6 of Enclosure 2. Additiona AUTOVON - A limited network in CONUS, employing four analog .switches and supporting transmission media leased by Department, of Army for the Switched Circuit Automatic Network (SCAN). See DOD Chart 7.of Enclosure 2. CONUS ekpansion and overseas., aaaitions are planned for' r?x -o4+ . A' roved'.For Rel e 2002/10/31: CIA-RDP78'-0577'Ab Q04 015=4 . DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE DEFEN E?COn NICATION SYSTEM DOWNGRADED AT 3 YEA SNTE tVAt S ' 2M691 DBCLASSID'ZBD A "` 12 D 0 T# DOD DIR 5200.10 Approved For lease201I1~A-RDP78-05779 00100040 :15-4 SECRET APPENDIX A Approved For Remise 2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05779A0Q00040015-4 .DOS COMNET - The DOS Teletypewriter Network is a world-wide complex o landline and radio circuits interconnected-by tape relay centers for the.common use of connected tributary stations serving elements of the DOD. The general purpose of the network is to exchange official messages among authorized users on any general subject of military operations. It is by far the largest element of the DCS. See DOD Chart 8 and Chart 14a.of Enclosure 2. in Germany and France as well as connedtion from the United Kingdom direct to Spain and to Italy from Germany. Tropo and',. systems which provide communications to the U. S, installations; DCS EUROPEAN AREA TROPO/MICROWAVE - The DCS portion of those the DOS allocations in the Joint-European Radio Relay Network provide the main long-haul trunk system with microwave con- nections to the local installations.' See. DOD Chart 9.of Enclosure 2. NACOM II,- NACOM II is a high frequency radio network using single sideband voice - and teletypewriter circuits. It pro'vides- an emergency backup th)OCD networks and is controlled from OOD regional communication centers; See DOD Chart 10 of Enclosure 2. NAWAS - NAWAS is the federal portion of the over-all OCD Civil Defense Warning System. It consists of full period, private line voice circuits and interconnects 8 OCD warning centers located at NORAD Headquarters and various NORAD installations, OCD Headquarters relocation site and 8 OCD regional offices. (The Federal System is interconnected to 508 state and local warning points.) See DOD Chart 1]. of Enclosure 2. PACIFIC SCATTER SYSTEM EXTENSION - JAPAN-OKINAWA-KOREA - A system of tropospheric scat er links which extends the acifie Scatter System from Okinawa to Japan and. Korea. The system consists.of 60 voice channels from Okinawa to Itazuki; Japan, to Korea; 120 voice channels from Itazuki to Tokyo; 60 channels from Tokyo to Chitose and 24 channels from Ghitose to Wakkanai. See DOD Chart 12 of Enclosure 2. UNITED KINGDOM RADIO RELAY - A 120 voice channel microwave system capable of expansions to 240 channels. Provides communi- cations service for United States Forces in England, Inter- connection for the England-Iceland NARS trunks at Fylingsdale,~ .England; the England-Spain FPTS trunks at Ringstead, England; ..and England-Germany FPTS trunks at Martlesham Heath, England; and the Joint-European Radio Relay Network at Longfosee, France. See DOD Chart 13 of Enclosure 2. CRITICOMM - The Critical Intelligence Communications Network IF a world-'wide,. cryptographically secured system under the operational direction of the National Security Agency. It is designed for the rapid collection of intelligence information. See Chart 14 of Enclosure 2. 'WASHINGTON AREA COMPLEX communications include land, sea and air environments and PRESIDENTIAL COMMUNICATIONS.-- Those special communication facilities and sere ces to support the President in his capacity as Chief of State and Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces of the United States. The presidential facilities are established. 234'?225 DCA COPY NR.; ----~- /~ OC 7953 Approved For Release 2002/10/31 CIA-RDP78-05779Ad0010 are focused.on the Washington area where special permanent Approved.For Rele '2Ob2/10/31 i'CIA-RDP78-05779AQO Q400,15,-4 SECRET? NATIONAL_ COMMAND SYSTEM COMPLEX -Communications Communications and' services -,in support of the NMCS include those communications facilities- with appropriate security features to connect the.NMCC'-and its fixed and mobile alternates 'to (a) ?"each. other,. (b'). the command centers and their alternates of unified and specified'.', commands, (c.) the service Headquarters Command,Cente.r's and .their alternates, (d) other designated agencies.which support 'the NMCS and (e) the National Command authorities. Survivable communications are required to interconnect the fixed and mobile alternates of the NMCC to the designated commanders and agencies commensurate with the survivability of each .terminal, INTERAGENCY COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM - This is' a standby syster4'.' designed to interconnect specified Federal Government .agencies under emergency conditions. The system is under .-the management and operational -control of the?DCA. It utilizes special.leas'ed trunks and terminal equipment to `~. provide the necessary voice,-record and visual facilities.- to conduct essential National Government business under, emergency (including wartime) conditions. This system up ports the Federal' Continuity of Government Program, and has, interconnect with other governmental and-commercial systems.. SECRET Approved For"Rereese' 2002/10/31'NCIA-RDP78.-05779A000100040015-4 Approved For. IKefWe 2002110/3'1 (AA KUP16-U5Tj19A U U(}4 APPENDIX B GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION FEDERAL ELEC MMU CA I NS S M responsible agency for. the planning, installation, modification operating agency of the NCS assets identified below is the Responsibility: General Services Administration as the operation, maintenance, and budgeting therefor. locations and at their emergency relocation sites; and to and ,. ,and between their regional and field activities at their normal from the Heads of certain Civil Departments and agencies to point-to-point circuits, trunks, terminals, switching centers, :control facilities, and tributaries required to provide communi- cludes certain nationwide, long-haul, Government-owned and leased., agencies of the Government, organized into a single, compatible, long-haul, point-to-point communications system. The FTS in- .iaciiizies ana resources serving certain civil departments and operating personnel, installations, and other related activities. .of communications networks, equipments, control centers, Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands) complex' FEDERAL TELECOMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM (FTS) (less exclusions identified separately) - The FTS is a nationwide (including .between the operating elements of the various civil agencies. contained such as closed circuit'audio and'video systems for ' bio-medical research, supervision of penal institutions;. local assets such as local communications systems which are self- The FTS assets listed do not.include certain communications mobile radio systems used by law enforcenient,activities , fire- Fighting, mountain rescue work, the scientific and missile tracking networks of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration; and the operational networks and leased 'communications services used in support of the navigation and points are depicted on Charts 1, 2 and 3 of Enclosure 2. circuits are employed, and system has access to public message, networks of common carriers. System carries any traffic suit- able to switched circuits including data and facsimile. Inter- city switching center trunks, intercity connecting and access trunks, direct trunks to Washington, D. C. and other high usage them are shown in GSA Charts 1 - 4. FTS VOICE GRADE CIRCUIT SWITCH-NETWORK -'The FTS leased voice grade network is designed to serve as the common user circuit switching network for Government use. Where economical, WATS control of air traffic of the Federal Aviation Agency,which have been excluded. FTS facilities and the agency which operates FTS TELETYPEWRITER MESSAGE SWITCHING NETWORK - The leased,'FTS teletypewriter message switching network is -designed to serve as the common user message switching network for Federal services, GSA Publication, GSA-Washington, D, C. 63-2973 dated system for the government activities listed in the directory of authorized. users of GSA teletypewriter facilities and refile. Government use. Administrative traffic is carried by this September, 1, .1962. See - Chart . 4 , of..'Enclosure 2. ApprQUed'For,Ree 2002/10/31: CIA-RDP7$-057;79A00004t~15=~#' APPENDIX C FEDERAL AVIATION AGENCY Rresponsi bi `l i fm! The Federal Aviation Agency as 'the. operating {" gee cy o acv NOS -masse _ __ _ -- _ __ _ _ ?Agency for the planning, installation,~operat.ional, maintenance and budgeting therefor.. AERONAUTICAL MESSAGE CIRCUITS (SERVICE 'B) -Lengthy messages -to control of Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) air pertaining . traffic are exchanged via teletypewriter circuits (Service B). under Visual Flight Rules (VIER)is exchanged between facilities terminal printing and reperforating equipments,.are FAA-owned while all lines are leased from communications common carriers. See FAA Chart 1 of Enclosure 2. METEOROLOGICAL DATA SYSTEMS (SERVICES A, C AND 0) are comprised of three major networks which are used or the dissemination of... basic and operational meteorological and Notice to Airmen info. .l8? Vion r...? ... .- .. m -. _ handle . a specif V ic type of weather data, Relay and terminal in MAR and TT V Bureau facilities are FAA-owned, while lines are leased and non-government subscribers generally lease their receiving-only' ..Charts 2, 3and 4 of Enclosure 2. SERVICE A DATA TNTERCNANGE SYSTEM (ADIS) Interconnecting all of the Service A area and supplemental circuits is an o7( wrri (600 baud, 3 KC bandwidth).data interchange circuit of about 10550 miles. The Data. Interchange System consists of five , Data Interchange Centers; each one collects from and relays to three area and three supplemental circuits., 'In addition, there, are-thirty ADIS send/receive centers serving all U.S. Weather Bureau Flight Advisory--Weather. Service' (FAWS) office plus a . few selected Weather Bureau Airport Stations (WBAS). Se-e...FAA Chart 5 of. Enclosure 2 'AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL INTERPKO iE -(SEF.VTICE F) To effectively . control air traffic,and provide safe separation between flights operating -Instrument Flight Rules ('IFR),. adequate, rapid and ., ~.,.., voice communications are required . from each. Air Route Se vice St ations_ Civil and Military Airport Control Towers . and Approach Control. Facilities,, Air carrier urrices, 1 ilitary PCON?s, RATCC?s, air- round communications Operations Offices, RP. facilities, search and rescue organizations).within its area of . each d-1RTC .Center must ha v v v centers to coordinate the movement of 1 PR aircraft from one center to another. Approach control facilities which provide ,enroute air traffic control service are, like ARTC Centers, interconnected to coordinate,transfet of control. See FAA. Chart 6 of Enclosure 2. COMMUNICATIONS CONTROL CIRCUITS (SERVICE P)' All FAA air navigation aids and radio communication facilities are. monitored and.controlled, from sites other .than the-transmitter facility, itself. Control lines length from one. or two miles' up to several hundred miles, Circuits are used between-the operating location and remote-locations for keying and control .of equipment and for monitoring.ite operating status: See FAA Chart- ,7.' of- En Appendix C to 'Enclosure l ApprovedFor Reler ..20?2/10/31' : CJA-RI)P78-0577 AO0 A4'OO1l5: INTERNATIONAL FLIGHT SERVICE - FAA's,11 International Flight Service ,Stations IFSS's and the radio communications trunks .interconnecting them with each other or with foreign-operated..: facilities have been established primarily to*mee'tUnited States 'commitments under the Chicago Convention, which es?tab -lished the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO . Communications planning for. these facilities is generally done at ICAO Regional Meetings and changes to the ICAO Regional .Plan usually require international coordination and agreement The dearth of reliable.and adequate landline or cable facilities (up to the recent time) and the high cost of common carrier, leased communications, has dictated the: need to establish-FAA. owned. radio trunks in the majority of cases. The standards and recommended practices governing the establishment and'.. operation of such-trunks-are contained in the various Anneces' to the Chicago Convefition, particularly Annex 10 (Telecommuni cations). in addition to ICAO planning, FAA radio-trunks are ,,,used to meet U.'S." commitments to the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) for the exchange of weather data'on.a ? world-wide basis. See FAA: Chart' $''- of:". Enc.1 s1 re .2. ALASKAN REGION ,FIXED AERONAUTICAL NETWORK This network.serves,. two purposes; one, for the point-to-point. relay?of weather and. ` air traffic data in the, event of failure.of other communications ,'.media and secondly, for voice contact with aircraft flyi'ng',in the mountainous terrain of the State, of Alaska. . It operates in ' the 'HF. portion of the radio spectrum.- See AA Chart 9_0f Enclosure 2. FAA-ALASKA TTY SERVICE'A B, :'C AND 0 - These networks are used or the disseminaion-o basic and, operational' meteorological. data, notice .to airmen trafficj.IFR and VFRX flight control information. .Circuitry is provided by'DCS:allocated'cheLhnels. See ~"AA'::,ChAf ;IO'?oof':Enr;iosQre 2 Approved.ForAFtelease'2002/10/3'1, CIARtyP, 8-05775AOOO1,0004OO1?24 25X1 Approved For Release 2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05779A000100040015-4 Approved For Release 2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05779A000100040015-4 .Approved For. Reke, 2002/10/31 :CIA=RDI~~.8-05779AOp00A0a15- APPENDIX E NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION Responsibility: The National. Aeronautics' and Spaoe Administration Wrrlo _ na n-1-a i rgani--i f1 PH _ n the below, is the responsible agency for the planning, installation, f or. operation, maintenance, and budgeting there nications Network (NASCOM) is a separate N SA C ommu A The self-contained system within the NCS which provides for the +ho n nIor!1- nnArA- na r o l. -----.-- va... par ext Lange o scientific support centers, and' launch centers t , tions cen ers, tracking and data acquisition centers. Circuits in this network during here t c , w ep are installed under' a mission dedicated con provide con- configured to t . s are operating periods, the circui rations center and t ope -tinuousconnection between the projec ed for common use by all projects. This an g circuits are arr network is composed of?both domestic and overseas voice, tele- type and data nets. NASA DOMESTIC AND OVERSEAS OPERATIONAL VOICE SYSTEM - The NASA: i r1 non .PrA on 8 Switching, overbeub vyv.,-a d Monitoring Arrangement (SCAMA) at Goddard Conferencing, an Space Flight Center. This allows central facility control and:; as en functions during missions. When a mission ne twv.L.n. t contact any ter ma s ti y cen on established, the project opera d ec ,. ~, . - ~_- networks ~aV1on circuits are controlled by the SCAMA board operator to provide common use for all?projects. The existing SCAMA board will be . l._ _ ---4--" r%P b ci y a .i ar g r _U --- replaced The new equipment will provide selective 1 6'4 9 fiscal year . signalling to stations as required,.and during mission periods, nalling capa- h si th g roug ill be given the operations centers w All circuits in this network are four-wire data.. ti bili es. through facility control patching, can ines and l ed . . condition , -be used as either voice or data circuits.' Interface withtthis Eh iner- . network must ,be through the SCAMA,board four-wire con- "n- cori, wo-wire line must be equipped face two-wire' revent degradation t t o.p version and echo supression equipmen 2 r . e of the system. See NASA Chart l of Enclosu NASA OVERSEAS OPERATIONAL TELETYPE NETWORK - The NASA overseas 4- used in giinnnrt of the Space Tracking and Data Acquisition Network, Deep Space Instrumenta- tion Facility and Manned Space stations. All circuits in this netwo-rk are routed, through automatic switching and sequencing equipment at. Goddard Space Flight Center. Present switching t GSFC is electro mechanical but will be replaced quipment a e by solid.state switching and processing equipment in the third - -,-1. n.-L .._...d 4--1,-T ?r r.oni-.ore have hPPIn ondo ng established a V L n, ? -- - Australia, to allow circuit sharing.. All sub switching.centerS. d processing will be equipped with,, solid state switching an A. - LL.d n v1r?'{'?e.rntylr urn 11 ear f scar y equipmenit in be through?the GSFC switching arrangement on either specially-- See NASA i . s. provided interface circuits or'on,a,,refile bas Approved for Releate- 2002110131 :'CIA-RDP78'-057 Wool OOD40015-4 - Approved For Relq a 2002/10/31: CIA-RDP78-05779AOOW0040015-4 FACSIMILE/DATA NETWORK - The high speed facsimile/data network is an independent subsystem in the NCS operated by NASA. It presently consists 'of a four-wire automatic tandem switch ceivers and 7702 tape transports. Digitalized data terminal equipment is used on an alternate basis. The system employs of 3b0 RPM. Terminal equipments now include the IBM.065 trans- .The facsimile terminal equipment is operating at a scan rate capable of switching analog data.up " to a bandwidth of 16 KC.' W. together on:a full period basis. The switching system is .located in New Orleans and connects approximately 48 stations ,full duplex lines in ,order to proVide a return signal for parity check. This arrangement limits the transmission of ,data to half-duplex between any two stations. There is no be established at the NASA Western Operations Office at Santa special interface equipment required to connect to other NCS facsimile circuits., An-identical tandem switch is planned to .Monica, California to handle the West Coast location. Both switches will be interconnected to reduce the number of point- to-point circuits, to effect greater economies, and,to permit _ greater system.flexibility. The switching arrangement provides- an unrestricted exchange capability between terminals. All stations have a dial telephone control set.'-to provide for station connection and Voice 'coordination. They also contain a local switching arrangement to connect selected terminal, equipment, In addition to those stations connected to the tandem switch are many point-to-point circuits. These were established prior to the switched network and utilize various types of end equipment. With,the establishment of the.tandem switch on the West 'Coast, these equipments will be standardized .and integrated into the network. It is planned to transfer the administrative communications of the net to the Federal Tele- communications System (FTS)'w'hen the capability exists. .ADMINISTRATIVE 'TELEPHONE - The Administrative Telephone Network is that portion a the NCS which consists of telephone exchanges at all NASA centers, connected-with outside telephone lines in ..order that long distance calls may be made. It also contains . some tie-line circuits. In order to permit NASA centers in the Washington, D. C. area to have access to?all government agencies in the area, Langley Research Center, Wallops Station, Goddard Space Flight Center,?'and the Headquarters were connected into the GSA Interdepartmental Dial System. All NASA centers are being integrated into the FTS to handle administrative telephone traffic.. All PBX equipments are being modified to permit direct in-out-dialing by 'the end of Fiscal Year 1964. See NASA Chart 4 of Enclosure 2. . CRYPTO-TTY' NETT WORK -' The crypto network, as a subsystem of the NCS, provides or-transmission and reception of encrypted.tele- typewriter messages at each NASA center.. The Western Operations'- Washington., D. C,,,operate KW-26 equipment. KW-26 equipment is planned for Michoud. Operations, New Orleans JPL and Pacific Launch Operations, California operate 131B equipment and all other planned or operating stations utilize KW-9 equipment. It is planned to transfer the administrative communications of this net to the FTS when the capability . exists. See NASA Office;, MSC, Houston; MSFC, Huntsville; and, NASA Headquarters in. Chart 5 of Enclosure 2. NASA DOMESTIC OPERATIONAL TELETYPE SYSTEM - The NASA domestic operational teletype system is divided into two networks. One network provides communications for the Space Tracking and Data. Acquisition Network, Deep Space Instrumentation Facility and Manned?.Spaceflfght'stations, All, circuits in this network route Approved For Release. 2002/10/31 CIA-RDP78-05779A000100040015-4 Approved For Rele a 2002/10/31: CIA-RDP78-05778A0001100040015-4 through the GSFC switching equipment and, therefore, have. system during mission periods. in the third quarter of fiscal year 1964, the existing electro mechanical switching equip- ment at GSFC will be replaced by solid state switching and 'processing equipment. Entrance to this network is through the GSFC switching equipment on either specially provided interface circuits or on a refile basis. The other operational domestic teletype network provides communications between NASA ,Headquarters, 31.A.SA Centers, Research and Development Offices, .test facilities and launch facilities. The purpose of this network is to provide rapid dissemination of information on test results, engineering changes and research information between the widely separated mission support agencies and the project support centers. Switching centers are located at NASA Headquarters, Washington, D. C.: Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, Alabama; and Western Operations Office, Santa: Monica., California; trunk lines are provided between. switching centers. Id.nes are also provided between NASA Headquarters, and G.SFC for entrance into the Space Tracking Network. it is planned to transfer the administrative communications of'this net to the FTS when the capability exists. See NASA Chart 6 of Enclosure 2. NASA SPECIALIZED DATA NETWORK - The NASA specialized data net- work is a se f-con?Eajned system within the NCS. This system is used to transmit wide-band data on a real time basis in support of the pre-launch, lift off, post launch and orbit insertion functions of spaceflight. These circuits terminate in compu- ters at both ends where error detection and correction techniques are employed to ensure the high degree of accuracy necessary to achieve a proper orbit. In the case of manned spaceflight, the: decision to continue or abort the mission after lift-off is dependent on the calculations made by this system. After orbit- has been achieved, the system is used to transmit data between the spacecraft and the mission control center. Because these circuits are direct computer to computer, entrance to this net- work must be through the control center at Goddard Space Flight Center and will require pre-engineered interface equipment. The data format must be compatible with those the computer has. been programmed to recognize.. ' .i.t is planned to transfer the administrative communications of this net to the FTS when the capability exists. See NASA Chart 3 of Enclosure' 2. Approved For Release 2002/10/31 CIA-RDP78-05779A000100040015-4 Approved For Release 2002/10/31 CIA-RDP78-05779A000100040015-4 APPENDIX F DESCRIPTION OF NATIONAL GOVERNMENTAL COMMUNICATIONS ASSETS WHICH ARE RECOPIKENDED FOR CONSIDERATION FOR POSSIBLE LATER INCORPORATION IN THE NCS Enclosure 2 for charts depicting the assets described in"this Appendix. Generally, these assets;fit.within the broad criteria The national governmental communications assets described. below are recommended for consideration for possible later incorporation in the NCS. See Future Consideration section of of NSAM-252, however they are not ?ecommended for inclusion at this time in the NCS for one or more off' the following reasons: .a. They are temporary in nature and. are planned for re- b., They are totally dedicated for tactical military use. SECRET c. They require further study as to the advantage or manner'for inclusion. d.- They are undergoing test and have not achieved opera-' tional status. CANADIAN LINTEQ PI.NETREE LINE AND POLEVAULT - A combination of systems of ionospheric scatter links, tropospheric scatter links, microwave, SSB and leased facilities used for trans- mitting data received by radar installations in the Northern Area, for SAC. positive control, and alternate routing,for 1. DEW MA.IN, DEW EAST, DEW ALEUTIAN, DEWDROP, BLUEGRASS, MID- used for transmitting data received by the three radar instal- lations in Alaska, Greenland. and the United Kingdom. See Chart BREWS SUPPORTING, CON.TJNICATION NETWORK - A system primarily DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE NARS (North Atlantic Radio System) A tropo system from Iceland to England. It provides a link from the DEW EAST System to-the' United Kingdom Microwave System. See Chart 1. BACKPORCH A trropo system providing voice and teletype trans- mission capability in South Vietnam and Thailand.- See Chart 2., BMEWS. See Chart 1. Primary Alert, SAC Telephone Network, the SAC Teletype Network and tactical communications nets supporting NORAD Control.and Warning System (416L). See Charts.4, 5, 6 and 7. Livorno, Italy to Izmir, Turkey connecting the European tropo systems with the Turkey tropo systems. See Chart 3. Additionally, all ded.icated leased circuitry in support of'SAC . NCS BIG RALLY II - An interim transportable tropo system from S~CRE~ Appendix F to Enclosure ,l Approved for Release 2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05779A000100040015-4 Mme, DOWNGRADED AT 3 YEAR INTERVALS DECLASSIFIED AFTER 12 YEARS DOD DIR 5200.10 Approved For R e se 2002/10/31 CIA-ROP78-05779A 00040015-4 APPENDIX G DESCR.IPTIO OF NATIONAL GOVTEE-'MENTAL COMMUNICATIONS ETS W TOX ARE R.EOOMME: DZD '1 QR CONSI:D RATION FOB, POSSIBLE' LATER I.NCORPORA `ION' IN THE NOS The national governmental sonar-un1catiors assets described below are recommended for consider. ation for possible later incorporation in the NCS. See-Future Consideration section of Enclosure 2 for charts depicting the. assets described in this Appendix. Generally, these assets fit within the broad criteria of NSAM-252, however they are not recommended for inclusion at this.time in the NO'S for. one or more of the following.reason: : a. They require further. 'study as to ? the_*'.a Vantag?e"or manner for inclusion. CIVIL AGENCIES DEPARrMEY OF A ?RICULTZIRE MARKET MEWS SERVICE TELETYPEWRITER SYSTEM A 1--as-ea ~e. e~ypetvriter sy t;em to. provide marketing arid commodity distribution information to all qualified users. See Chart 8. DEPARTMENT OF A GR:CULT'iJRE STABILIZATION AND CONSERVATION ER'ITICE TLE: Y T:E~ 6,ySj.EM - A Leased teletypewriter network , which provides ccmmunicat.ic ~s required for the administration of the Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service. See Chart 9. DEPARTMENT OF CO...iE:R:.E EA~ B1IREkU RIGID ALTITUDE FACSIMILE , ~(.r~Tr_.~.tHER NE'ivJC~:RK -- A lea. =red i'ausir,~ile _c>cu 1~_ring together locations in the U. S. for the purpose of transmitting high altitude weather maps required for jet flights within the U. S. and bet- ween the U. S. and overseas areas. See Chart 10. DEPARTMENT O C;OM~IERCE, WEATHER B UREA. ar N.Ar.'ION.AL WEATHER - -- -I.- ---. F"AuS1Ni.-,E NE'.:~4~~a.~T~. leased one-way broadcast par-by line ne,work for ~:ransmis%ion of facsimile weather maps. See Chart 11.. DEPAR' `MET OF CC?id~ ti WE.taT'rE :R BUREAU T TERNAL RA"REP AND - A leased tele'cypew.riter network used for the pu poseof warning the populace of national dangers and disaster. See Chart 12. FEDERAL RESE'R7E YST'?E24 ` ELETYPEWRITER NETWORK A leased tele- typewriter ne`work providing record communications for the Federal Reserve System. See Chart 13. DEPARTMENT OF IN`ERIOR. BONNEVILLE POWER ADMINISTRATION-RADIO -point i t - o n NET - A network of microwave radio sta ions, po an UHF radio stations. See Chart 14. Appendix Gto Enclosure 1. Approved For Release. 2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05779A000100040015-4 Approved For Relea 2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05779A000100040015-4 TREASURY DEPAi A N ', COAST GUARD TELET PEWRITER AND TELL?HONE NET -- A networ or government c-and lease facilities providing .communication .services to Coast Guard districts. See TREASURY DEP,,RTX51T,, 0AS ?[ ARD 0= 0 STATIONS -- A high fre ?quency necwor ?pI?oviding aerv ce Jo ?oas Guard Districts,. ocean station vessels and overseas locations. See Chart-16. 0 JST:ICE DEPARTMENT .. P`EDE`ttAL E' REAM O TtivES''IGA.TION RADIO NET ~ A ded1cate, radio ne t f'or F 3y Administration purposes with Net Control Station at Washington, D.CC See Chart 17. JTJS T I0E DEPA.RTJ' ENr, I1' f GRA T' ION AND XXTURALIZATION ON SERVICE i~Er`in~OR' - A dedicated W1O NeEwork se ?ving If'S Nortrieast, Soucrzwti w~ ~;,, ar~u~~east and Northwest regions. See Charts 18, 19, 20 and 21. ATOMIC ENEFR.G AND . T ELETYPEW.RITER NETWORK FIRM IDIOM telephone and teletype miter multi-point network serving.AEC ins tallations RCC CIE Lid Ei~G SEE: i.:l:i1;"u AND MONITORING NET -A leased teletype- writer and radio teletype syatom linking stations in CONUS, Alaska, Puerto Rica and Hawaii; See Chart-28. TENNES SEE '`d.ALIE LE.AM TELEPHONE SYSTEM - A leased y ,c.n~?racuor. See Cnart of. typewrJ ver ne-c serving ALt; ?c:r ibutary locations and feeding into. the DCS for transmission of AN.traffic. See Chart 26. ..ATOMIC Ei' 2 ',.d0: 'iI:SS;0N', SANDIA 'ORFoRA.TION' TELETYPEWRITER' ~tiE'IOR _ leased private line- to e-cypewr ter network for use. 10F i-~E.1L1"H EDUCATION AND WE'LFA.RE, SOCIAL SECURITY AJ' I ~,~i DATA V~ ~? ' WCRK -- A leased tele- f.ypewr i.ter an ata network 'comprising 625 stations, 48 relay center'; and 7' control centers. See Chart 22. ATOMIC EN"E14GY 014M SSIONo U"Y7ERG*fX,,)7f RADIO SYSTEMS A. B, C, 1) YS n.:? 1''EMS A U - ? Na c. ana f:Lz;tergenvy ~iurks uri Lizing high fre- quency rpn,smisvicon facilities. See Chart 23, 24 and 25. ATOMIC EN\TERGY O7'~~1rlS ~aS.. ..~..~1~ Io'r.ti' TE.`.E~";1'* ~:., ir. ;? ?.+.TL~v.t~..~.c..S:Ff r.,~... ~,:.i .i. SYS~.PtiEN! - A leased tele- teleprhone intercity net linking :TV offices in three states. See Chart 29. U.S. liVnORaSATION '~' INTERNATIONAL BROADCAST SERVICE - A network of microwave and radio -t;e.letype.cricuitry connecting Washington, D. 0. ? yo G:rtie: nsville, S.Co`.arid overseas points. See Cha rt 30. U3. INFORMATION AGENCY INTERNATIONAL PRESS SERVICE WIRELESS A comp ex of lehied over seas rod o .sta ionts for broadcast purposes and.lea med CONU8 circuits between Washington; D.C. and can rrancisco. See Oliart 31. Appendix G lo Enclosure 1 Approved For Release 2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05779A000100040015-4 Approved For Rele2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05779A000100040015-4 Now; TYPEWRI`T'ER N T OR. - leased t6le ypewriter network providing operated facilities. See Chart 32. VETRANS MINISTRATION TELETYPE NETW5: 1< - ,`A ''leased teletype system comprised of s nets containing approximately 260 stations and six net control points. See Chart 33. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, FOREST SERVICE PRIVATE LINE TELE- U.S, INFORMATION AGENCY INTERNATIONAL-PRESS SERVICE - A press service utilizing four common carriers and Federal Government Washington and Oregon. See Chart 3k.. Appendix G to Enclosure 1 Approved For Release 2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05779A000100040015-4 from Portland, Oregon Regional points in 25X6 Approved For Release 2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05779A000100040015-4 Approved For Release 2002/10/31 : CIA-RDP78-05779A000100040015-4