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December 28, 2016
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September 26, 2000
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March 8, 1965
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ILLEGIB Approved For Release 2001/03/03 : CIA-RDP78TO5439A000400370052-4 Next 1 Page(s) In Document Exempt Approved For Release 2001/03/03 : CIA-RDP78TO5439A000400370052-4 D'" r ?~ ,YSTEM ONLY i 1* Declass Review by NIMA/DOD TCS-2198-65 .8 March 1965 Copy MEMORANDUM FOR: Chairman, Deployment Working Group, GMAIC SUBJECT: Examination of All Deployed Complexes Containing Single Silos REFERENCE: GMAIC Requirement 11-65 (NPIC Project 11121-5) 1. This memorandum is in response to your requirement which requests an examination of all deployed complexes containing single silos, type of confirmations, deployment patterns, dimensions, etc. 2. Enclosed are answers to specific requirements. This-projeet is considered to be complete. 25X1A Colonel, USA 'Enclosure: Enclosure A Figures 1-7 25X1A Distribution: 1-7-OACSI-DA 8-PAG/NPIC (w/o enc . 9-IPO/PAG/NPIC w/o enc 10-S&TD/PAG/NPIC(w/o enc il-CIA/PID w/enc) 12-OS/NPIC (w/o enc) 13-CSD/NPIC (w/enc) ~w/enc HANDLE VIA' TALENT-KEYHOLE CONTROL SYSTLM ONLt T"t, 14-1)1AXX-4 (w/o enc) 25X1A 15-NSA/LO/NPIC (w/o enc 16-AFNIE-BA (Lt Co (w/o) 17-OPNAV 922Y3 (Ca ( /o) 18-Array/SPAD (Mai 19-DIAXX-3A w/enc 20-DIAXX-3C w/enc 21-BMSD/OSI (w/enc ) 22-MRD/ORR w/enc).. 23-Mil/OCI (w/enc) w Assistant foW Photographic Analysis, NPIC Enclosure A Enc to TCS-2198-65 a. Types of Configurations There are two types of single silos deployed in the Soviet Union at this time. These are referenced type IIIC sites and IIID sites. The evidence obtained from the 95 single silo sites under construction reflect the differences in construction techniques and silo dimensions. No deployed single silo sites have been identified as complete although a few IIID sites are considered to be in'a late stage of construction. b. Deployment patterns. The type IIIC sites under construction consist of an excavation in excess of 100 feet on each side. No firm depth has been determined for the excavation but is estimated not to exceed 30 feet. When the excavation is complete a coring appears in the 1ottom and approximately in the center. Next a square plat.14orm or foundation appears at the bottom of the excavation. At this stage the silo appears round`bnd projects above the square foundation. Then a square silo structure with a circular opening in the center appears over the foundation. As the silo structure progresses upward'a ramp is observed from the dge of the excavation to the silo structure. These construction techniques show!a marked similarity to the constructioh of any one of three'silos seen at the type IIIA sites,. A peculiarity of the IIIC sites is the two graded earth areas on opposite sides of the excavation. One is rectangular, the othe is square. These usually appear concurrent with the silo excavation.. Limited observance of a possible electronics facility indicates that there will be one such facility for'every three sites. This feature combined with site arrangement infers that the type IIIC sites will be associated in groups of three. -.However, at the present stage of construction this can only be a tentative assumption. he type IIID sites under construction present'a much smaller image than the IIIC sites and fewer construction details are apparent. The excavation is less dish ctive and a coring probably extends downward from the bottom of the excavation. The round silo structure with its distinctive ring characteristic then extends upward from the bottom of the excavation. As the silo structure approaches, or reaches ground level a small squarish projection appears on the outsi e of the silo wall. io IIID sites have been identified as complete however, there is some evidence at the more advanced sites that the completed site pattern will include a loop road. i vailable evidence, although still tentative, indicates that those sites will be deployed in a ring-like configuration of 9 sites with a tenth site nor the cente containing a launch site and a possible control facility. sCl Enc'to TCS-2196-65 25X1 D c & d. Single silo ICBM sites deployed at Olovyannaya, USSR The single silo ICBM sites deployed at Olovyannaya are arranged in two launch groups designated "D" and "E".' Launch group D consists of ten 'confirmed launch sites designated sites Dl through D 10. Sites Dl through D6 are arranged in a ring around site D7, and sites Do, D9 and D10 form a segment of a second ring on the .NE side of the primary ring. The approximate distances and directions between the sites are depicted in Figure 1. Launch Group E consists of seven confirmed, and three possible launch sites designated El through E10. Sites E2 through E7 are ai-iran ;ed in a ring around site El and possible sites ES. E9, and E10 form a' segr,:e t of a second ring on the N~WW side of the primary ring. The approximate distances and directions between the sites are depicted in Figure 2. possli Howev( withoi D7 an( and ti have , accorm K3 at would shape( shape( facil: is po. other suppo: Ditchi 3 Qep, ditch near most be br ident launc photo t appears that a launch group will consist of ten launch sites with a le control/support facility colocated with one of the launch sites. r, this cannot be confirmed until a reasonable length of time elapses t additional starts in either launch group. The centrally located sites-;'- El, have,common characteristics not identified at any of the ether sites, e possibi.e.control facility is located at these sites. Sites D7 and ,El each triangularly shaped security fence'whose orientation and size would ,odate anL" shaped electronic facility such as that observed at Launch Area the TTMTC.' Each of these sites also has an excavation at a point which be the approximate position of the intersection of the legs of an "L" electro is facility. No site, other than D7 or El, has a triangularly security fence or one large enough to accommodate an "L" shaped electronic ty. However, security fencing has not been identified at every site, so it sible that'such a feature may occur in a later stage of construction at- than the centrally located sites. Sites D7 and El also have associated ,t buildings which have not been constructed at any other of'the sites. s for probable cabling connects adjoining sites in launch group "D". Figure .cts this ditching as' identified on Although some of the ng has been.backfilled most of it is still' open. Cable. ditches terminate ,he-launch sites, and connections to the silos have not been identified. In .nstances the cable ditches appear to be aligned so'that the connection will aught in on the NW side of the silo. A cable ditch pattern has not been .fied in launch group E, nor has a cable ditch connection. between the two groups been identified. Such a connection may be identified in future ;raphy. . Launch Group D can b to th the c "L" c The 1 appro have appro out degre 'he launch sites in launch group D are generally alike and observed differences attributed to varying stages of construction. Each silo has a. level access silo which consists of combinatio s of earth cut or fill depending on aracter of the local terrain. i?,ost of these level accesses form a "T" or nfiguration with the silo in the approximate center of one of the legs. g containing the silo is in e-ch instance, oriented on an azimuth of 21 5X1D :im~:~ely 20 degrees The silos are circular, and _ f ,,,,"^ i A_..s d --4.- The o t side diameter in 25X1 D el x ide r 0 ma y :innately 35 feet. A small, square, approximately 10 feet on a side, juts om the hW side of several of the silos. The square is approximately 45 to thelleft of the azimuth of the leg of the level access containing Ene to TCS-2198-65 the sil . A small building is associated with each silo. These are in various stages f construction but are all similar and will possibly be alike when complet-d. The buildings are located an average of 490 feet from the silo. The clo est is 44+5 and the furthest 540 feet from the silo. The building is, anproxi..ately 35 by 15 feet and has an extension approximately 25 by lOFfeet grotrud ng from one end. Small shallow excavations are visible near the building. Details of.the sites are depicted in Figure 5. La ~j is simil of the is enclo 500 fees nch site D7, which has the colocated possible control/support facility, ar if not identical to the other launch sites. Only the presence ossible control/support facilities renders this site different. The site ed by a generally triangularly shaped se4urity fence. Approximately northeast of the silo there is an excavation with a structure in it. The distance from this structure to the fenceline north of it is approximately 1,350 filet, and to the fenceline east of it approximately 1,535 feet. A-building r'easurixg approximately 100 by 25 feet is located just SW of'the excavation. The building has a 50 by 10 foot extension protruding from its south enc. There are five miscellaneous various sized buildings outside the southern perimeter fence. The support facility is located east'of the launch site and is comprised of two groups of buildings. One group consists of seven barracks-type buildings. These are connected by a ditch which extends to a point just east of the fence around the launch site. The second group consists of ten miscellaneous buildings of various sizes one of which is earth mounded. In addition a square low earth mound may cover a sub-surface structure. The cable ditch from site Dl terminates near this group, of buildings. Details of site D7 are depicted in Figure 4. Launch group D is, in general, in a mid-stage of construction. Sites Dl, D7, Db and D10 are backfilled and have a low, square, or slightly rectangular cover over the silo which is probably only a protection from the elements. These four sites are probably nearing a late stage of construction. he cable ditching from adjoining sites stops short of the silos at all sites. An excavation is present on the INW side of all silos_ except site D7. The excavation may be .the point at which cable ditches to the silo will ultimately = be brought. Six of the sites, D2, D4., Do, D3, ' D9 `and Dl0 have small excavations near the silo which seem to cut into the earth fill providing the level access to the silo. These are possibly entrances to the silo or to an unknown under- ground installation. A review of previous photographic covers does not indicate construction at these points but photo quality preve;:-?s stating this with confidence. Launch Group E The launch sites in launch group E range from an early stage of construction at ::.:,sible sites E8, E9, and E10 to a mid-stage of construction at the other seven sites. All are generally alike and observed differences can be attributed to varying stages of construction. All evidence indicates that launch group E will be similar in all respects to launch group D. The centrally located site, El, is tl.e only site having a,. fence large enough to acco odate an "L" shaped electronic device. However, fence lines have not been identified at all launch sites so the passibility of additional electronic facilities cannot be ruled out. Sites Ei, E2, ~.3, E2, E6 and E7 all have the characteristic earth fill or cut providing a level cce ~o the silo, which is located in a leg oriented on an azimuth of -) 161 Enc to TCS-2198-65 25X1 D approximately 20- degrees A silo.cannot be positively ic:gntified at site E5, however, sufficient 'signature is in evidence to confirm it as a site. A "T" shaped earth mounded level access for a silo has an `_erea.va- tion in the approximate center of a leg oriented on an azimuth of approximately 20 degrees. An unidentified circular object is adjacent to the excavation and a small rectangular structure is in the excavation next to a vague circular image which may be the silo. Possible sites E8, E9, and Elo do not have signatures, but excavations, ground scarring and general appearance indicate that these are sates. Timing and location reinforpe this'possibility. Details of these sites ar% depicted in Figure 7. The centrally located site El, like centrally located site D7, has a triangularly shaped security fence whose size and orientation indicate a future "L" shaped electronic facility. The silo is under construction in the SW corner of the secured area, and a rectangular excavation is located approximately 485 feet east o_ the silo. The distance from the excavation tothe fenceline north of it is approximately 1,510 feet, and to the fenceline east of it approximately 1, 5/90 feet: Eight barracks type building, and a separately secured building are located south of, and outside of the security fence. Ground scarring and possible footings indicate additional construction in progress. Details of Site El are depicted in Figure 6. Construction Support Facilities In addition to typical support facilities normally seen at old ICBM complexes, Launch Croups D and E are supported by facilities in the vicinity of launch area C. The facilities in the vicinity of launch area C are considerably more extensive than those Usually seen at a type'IIIP. site. These additional facilities, which include a batch plant, pre-date-the single silo launch groups although they have been enlarged since 25X1 D Com arison of Old and ::ew Complex Support Facilities The corlplex supp yt facilities at the single silo complexes are generally __llerthan thoge'at the original 16 complexes. Yurya and Verkhnyaya Salda, e two largest complexes, have over 200 build:~figs and 3 long rail sidings. The two complexes having the smallest complex support facilities, Gladkaya a ad Olovyannaya, compare favorably with she facilis found at the 7 new complexes I :eni Gastello and Uzhur have the support facilities at the new c mplexes each containing about 80 buildings. Support fac~_.ties at the single silo sites have one feature not found at the original complexes. It consists of an area surrounded by a probable board fence and containing about 10 large buildings a T-shaped building and several small buildings. Enc to TCS-2198-65 e. Electtron.cs facilities are apparently under construction at all six o'-the type IIIC launch sites. Launch Site C at Aleysk secured by a triangular. fence has an excavation that is a probable electronics facility. The other five sites are apparently fenced but only two of these could possibly accommodate an electronics facility and these fences do not have the characteristic triangular.sha.pe. Do:barovskiy launch site B has a probable electronics facility under construc- ~ion and both are secured by the same triangular-shaped fence. The remaining five sites at Dombarovskiy are enclosed by?small fences. L;.eni Gastello has a probable electronics facility at launch site D. Both, are enclosed by the same triangular security fence. The remaining five sites have a probable board fence around the immediate site. No other, fences are apparent. A possible electronics facility is in an early stage of construction at launch site A in the Kartaly ICBM complex. This site is enclosed by.a small security fence but the excavation for the possJle electronics facility is just outside this fence. Two of the remaining sites are enclosed by a small security fence. The other three do not appear to be fenced. A confirmed electronics facility is associated with launch site B at Uzhur. Fou2pof the sites - ire [,pparently secured by a small fence and one site has no evidence of securi The three remaining possible sites are in a v;ry early stage of construction an' no security fences are apparent. Zhangiz Tobe? aunch site A has a probable electronics facility. Four o?' the sites are secured b a small fence and the remaining site has no evidence of a security fence. 25X1 B rCGJ.S~C~ ILLEGIB Approved For Release 2001/03/03 : CIA-RDP78TO5439A000400370052-4 Next 6 Page(s) In Document Exempt Approved For Release 2001/03/03 : CIA-RDP78TO5439A000400370052-4