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November 16, 2016
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January 3, 2000
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February 1, 1964
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Approved For Release 2000/04/19 : CIA-RDP79T01003A001900090001-1 SECRET FOREIGN DISSEM Current Support Brief CONTINUED MOMENTUM OF SOVIET MILITARY ASSISTANCE IN 1963 CIA/RR CB 64- 14 February 1964 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY Office of Research and Reports NO FOREIGN DISSEM SECRET Approved For Release 2000/04/19 : CIA-RDP79T01003A001900090001-1 Approved For Release 2000/04/19 : CIA-RDP79T01003A001900090001-1 WARNING This material contains information affecting the National Defense of the United States within the meaning of the espionage laws, Title 18, USC, Sees. 793 and 794, the trans- mission or revelation of which in any manner to an unauthorized person is prohibited by law. Approved For Release 2000/04/19 : CIA-RDP79T01003A001900090001-1 Approved For Release 2000/04/19 : CIA-RDP79T01003A001900090001-1 S-E-C-R-E-T CONTINUED MOMENTUM OF SOVIET MILITARY ASSISTANCE IN 1963 Soviet military aid and technical assistance programs in under- Advancvel, wjthst apon ding developed countries* in 1963 remained 1961a -6 high some decline from the record pace systems, such as surface-to-air 2. es mis missileee(re delivered inrincreasgngdn um- bers, boats, and MIG-21 jet fighters, the hers, with Syria and India receiving undeort kenf with at1least Negotiations for new military aid esting a continued high level of Soviet su gg 10 underdeveloped countries, f re ayments and pressure to The burden o p purcha the level extend maturities will increase during 1964 equipment s both the ddition d a of maturities continue to rise an 1. Military Assistance Agreements and Deliveries As of 31 December 1963 the approximate value of Soviet military assistance agreements with underdeveloped deliveries a cuentsa- tive total of $2. 7 billion, and actual dcumulated at about $2. 5 billion * I'* The extensions and drawings umulated Cuba as a recipient of Soviet military aid is not included in this publication. rv aid in 1964. S-E-C-R-E-T Approved For Release 2000/04/19 : CIA-RDP79T01003A001900090001-1 Approved For Release 2000/04/19: CIA-RDP7,qTjR1Q03ft0T 90P090001 -1 by year are shown in the chart. As reflected in the chart, extensions increased gradually until 1960-61, when they rose sharply -- largely as a result of the Soviet-Indonesian agreements signed in those years. '2000 USSR :MILITARY AID ''JOUNpERGEVELOPED COUNTRIES CUMULATED BY YEAR, 1956-b3 1956 1957 195$ 1959 1960 39125 1-64 196, 1196,? 1963 The reduction in new extensions in 1962-63 reflects in part the time needed by recipients to assimilate equipment that was ordered pre- viously. Drawings rose gradually until 1962, when they swung sharply upward to an unprecedented zenith as equipment was delivered under the agreements reached in 1960-61. Shipments during the first half of 1963 declined from the pace of 1962, but deliveries from October until the present have gained in momentum. At least 15 ships loaded with Soviet military equipment arrived in the United Arab Republic (UAR) in the period October-December 1963 compared with an average of 1 per month in 3 months preceding October. In the same period, other ships with military cargoes went to Algeria, Guinea, India, Iraq, Syria, and Yemen. By the end of 1963 the value for the year of all military deliveries to the underdeveloped countries had reached approximately $560 million. Approved For Release 2000/04/19 : CIA RDP79T0R10003A001900090001-1 Approved For Release 2000/04/19 : CIA-RDP79T01003A001900090001-1 S-E-C-R-E-T 2. Military Technical Assistance and Training Another factor evidencing the momentum of the Soviet military aid program in 1963 is the sustained impetus of the military technical assist- ance and training activities for personnel of the underdeveloped countries provided both in the USSR and in recipient countries. The number of Soviet technicians resident in underdeveloped countries and the number of trainees from recipient countries departing for training in the USSR fell slightly below the peak levels of 1962, but they exceeded the numbers en- gaged in these activities in other years, as shown in Table 1. It may be Military Trainees Departing for the USSR and Soviet Military Technicians in Underdeveloped Countries a/ 1955-63 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 b/ Military trainees departing for the USSR 190 15 315 590 905 705 3,3+0 3,960 3,600 Soviet military technicians in underdeveloped countries c/ 0 200 380 835 995 1,010 1,520 3,500 3,000 a. Data are rounded to the nearest five. b. Preliminary estimate. c. The estimated number present for 1 month or more. expected that as the ability of the recipient countries to assemble, main- tain, deploy, and operate this equipment increases, some diminution in training activity will occur. In fact, the level of assimilation in the re- cipient countries has already increased, although no great decline in the numbers of personnel involved in technical assistance and training has yet been observed. S-E-C-R-E-T Approved For Release 2000/04/19 : CIA-RDP79T01003A001900090001-1 Approved For Release 2000/04/19 : CIA-RDP79T01003A001900090001-1 S-E-C-R-E-T 3. Advanced Weapons Systems Deliveries in 1963 continued to include the more advanced weapons systems introduced initially in 1960-61. Surface-to-air missiles (SAM's) were earmarked for the first time to India, and there have been large deliveries of SAM equipment to the UAR, particularly in the last 3 months of 1963. Additional Komar-class guided-missile patrol boats were delivered to the UAR and Indonesia and for the first time to Syria. The UAR and Iraq received more MIG-21 jet fighters, and Syria and India received them for the first time. Several large shipments of these fighters noted in the last weeks of 1963 went to Syria and the UAR. Of total Soviet deliveries of these three weapons systems to the European Satellites and to underdeveloped countries (excluding Cuba), the underdeveloped nations received about 10 percent of the SAM sites, at least 75 percent of the Komar-clas-s boats, and 40 percent of the MIG-21's. 4. Repayments for Military Aid Known repayments on military aid indebtedness rose to a new high of $126 million in 1963. Because payments are for indebtedness in- curred from past arms deliveries, they are no gauge of current activity. In spite of generous terms provided by the USSR, its military assist- ance has taxed the fiscal ability of many of the recipient underdeveloped countries. This situation has led to a continual process of renegotiation, which usually has resulted in a further easing of the terms. In some cases the USSR has written off parts of the indebtedness, and in others it has eased repayment schedules. A prime example of the latter oc- curred in June 1963 when the USSR and Indonesia signed a protocol substantially reducing the latter's annual repayment obligations for military aid by extending the repayment period. Drawings (after ap- plicable discounts*--) and repayments made thus far on Soviet military aid are shown in Table 2. ** That is, the amount that must be repaid by recipient countries. S-E-C- 3A Approved For Release 2000/04/19: CIA-RDP79T0100001900090001-1 Approved For Release 2000/04/19 : CIA-RDP79T01003A001900090001-1 S-E--C-R-E-T Payments by Underdeveloped Countries on Drawings of Military Equipment 1956-63 Million US Year Discounted Drawings Repayments 1956 11 a/ 1957 77 a/ 1958 82 a// 1959 19660 835 9 30 1961 156 65 1962 482 75 1963 314 1 Total 1,246 a. Less than US I million. About one-fourth of total indebtedness has been paid, but as grace periods run out and obligations enter periods of high annual repayment, the burden on recipients will become more onerous. * For example, Moreover, as the recipients purchase additional equipment, this burden continues to grow. There is no evidence, however, that any prime recipient of Soviet military aid will discontinue purchases in the next few years. The UAR, for example, which may have ordered as much as $100 million worth of arms in 1963, must assimilate this weaponry, knowing that repayment, under present schedules, would be progressively more burdensome and that it would concide with repayment of economic aid obligations which will begin to mount more rapidly in 1965. 25X1 B 5 - 25X1 C S-E-C-R-E-T Approved For Release 2000/04/19 : CIA-RDP79T01003A001900090001-1 Approved For Release 2000/04/19 : CIA-RDP79T01003A001900090001-1 S-E-C-R-E-T 5. Prospects In spite of some decline in new military aid extensions in the past 2 years -- not unusual for a program so responsive to exploitable oppor- tunities and subject to the assimilative abilities of recipients -- the substantial value and volume of agreements and deliveries, the continued pace of the technical assistance and training programs, and the increased deliveries of advanced weapons systems, all presage a continued high level of Soviet military aid during 1964. The problem of repayments, however, will loom larger for recipient countries. Indeed, the over-all prospect is bleak for on-time future payments of military aid debts to the USSR, and the USSR will be required increasingly to renegotiate terms and schedules for major recipients. It is unlikely, however, that increasing problems of indebtedness will prevent the expansion of the Soviet military aid program in the next few years. Continuing deliveries of ammunition and spare and replace- ment parts will be required by recipient countries to service and main- tain Soviet equipment already delivered. Negotiations for new agree- ments in 1963 between the USSR and Afghanistan, Algeria, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Morocco, Syria, the UAR, and Yemen indicate un- diminished willingness on the part of the underdeveloped countries to receive Soviet military assistance. S-E-C-R-E-T Approved For Release 2000/04/19 : CIA-RDP79T01003A001900090001-1 Approved For Release 2000/04/19 : CIA-RDP79T01003A001900090001-1 S-E-C-R-E-T Analysts: Coord: S-E-C-R-E-T Approved For Release 2000/04/19 : CIA-RDP79T01003A001900090001-1 Approved For Release 200(S@R.J-RDP79T01003A001900090001-1 NO FOREIGN DISSEM SECRET No FOREIGN DISSEM Approved For Release 2000/04/19 : CIA-RDP79T01003A001900090001-1 (Project 41. 5094) Approved For Release 2000/04/19 : CIA-RDP79TO1003AO01900090001-1 25X1A OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND REPORTS Control Section Control Sheet SECRET Series Number CIA/RR CB 64-14 Excluded tram automatic NO Fa S~1 DISSEM Strom t dow,,orading and Classification deatton Date of Document February 1964 Number of Copies 230 Copy No. Recipient Returned S .5 tiL / tc, c~. - ~~ _ 34 DAD/RR - - 8Z 14 Feb 64 163 166 _ 2A - 13 Feb 64 I 14 Feb 64 169 P/A St 18 Feb 64 _ ,,.,_...., 170 OCR 9rXIA 171 St/P ' _. 172 -~----- _...,.., 17 3 25X1 C 174 _ _ - 175 OB /HRG/CGS, 3F30 HS. __ ......,....... 176 - 200 Filed in St/P/C " e-N 25X 1A 25X1A / MA- VI "`- .~ 5X1A~ Approved or a ease 2000/04/19: CIA-RDP79TO1003AO01900090001-1 12 Feb 64 Approved For Release 200tIA-RDP79T01003A001900090001-1 SUBJECT: Distribution of Current Support Brief No. 64.14, Continued Momentum. of Soviet Military Assistance in 1963 .'. February 1964 (SECRET/NO FOREIGN DISSEM). Copy No. Recipient I O/DDI, Room 7E32, Hdqtrs. 2-3 NIC 4 - 12 OCI Internal 13- 15 ONE 16 - 21 St/CS/RR 22 O/DDI - Chester Cooper 23 - 31 NSA C312 32 NSAL 33 230 ORR Distribution, St/A/Document Support Section, Room GH0915, Hdgtrsr (sent direct to St/A/DSS, 13 rob 64). OCR Di stributed by SM) SECRET GROUP i Excluded from automatic daarcgrading and declxnnitlcatiol Approved For Release 2000/04/19 : CIA-RDP79T01003A001900090001-1 SECRET Approved For Release 2000/04/19: CIA-RDP79T01003A001980090001-1 1" ./A/DSS Distribution of Current Support Brief No. 4-14, yg roue ___.__.___ Momentum of Soviet Military Assistance in 1963 - February .19 4 9EGRE T NO F0 REIGN DISSEM). Copy No. Recipient xc .ice s 168 Ch/ E 35 St/PR 36 - 40 D/A (1 each branch) 41 - 46 D/MS (1 each branch) 47 - 52 D/R (1 each branch) 53 - 60 D/M (1 each branch) 61 - 69 1)/I (1 each branch) 70 - 71 D/GG 72-73 D/GC 74 D/GC/X 75 - 80 RID/AN, Unit 4, Room 1B4004, Hq. 81 St/FM 83 GR/CR 84 BR/CR 85 FIB/SR/CR, Room 1G27, Hq. 86 Library/CR 87 1PI/CR 88 VMR, A-18 89 AD/OO 90 Chief, FDD 91 CD/OO 92 OCI/RP/PS, Room 7G15, Hq. 93 DDI/CGS, Room 7F35, Hq. 94 DDI/CGS/HR, Room 3F30, Hq. 95-97 OSI 98 OBI 100 Room 532, Broyhill Bldg. OTR/IS/IP (1 - OTR/SIC) 99 - . 101 NPIC/CSD/REF, Room 1S518, Bldg. 213 d ifi l 102 e ass Commandant Nat'l. War College, Ft. Leslie McNair, Attn: C Records Section, Rm. 26, Nat'l. War College Bldg., Wash.,, 25, D. C. 103 - 113 ACSI/Army, Room l C460, Pentagon 114- 127 Navy, Director, ONI, Room 5B659, Pentagon 128 - 137 HQ. USAF. Attn: AFNIN-3D1, Room 4B137, Pentagon 138 - 139 Ass't. Secretary of Defense, ISA, Room 4D825, Pentagon ildi B 140 - 143 ng, u USIA, Warren Phelps, IRR/D, Room 701, Walker Johnson 1734 New Y ork Avenue, N. W. 144 - 155 State, INR C ommunications Center, Room 7818, State Dept. Bldg. 156 159 DIA, DIASA- ZC, Room 2D233, Pentagon ildi 160 - 161 Dr. Neilson ng Debevoise. NSC, Room 365, Executive Office Bu f Chi 162 Frank M.., Ch , e arrette, Agency for International Development, 5ta.t1SUC8 anu nepcla r~ a+aTSOa....s dAOUP 1 169 JON - 20fi1ppti~tll d/~bd' ?aieane TSQ/04 . ~blfD-1 [ A i aA( I 199 6 'I-1 Exciuaed trom automatic 201 - Z30 Records Center aaaa0ra1110 aad;;. deGlIg.t~~t-on ET. ............. CR Approved For Release 201 CIA-RDP79T01003A001900090001-1 26 February 1964 MEMCV.,aMUN FCR: Chief, Dissemination Control Branch, DD/CR FROM : Chief, Publications Staff, QRR SUBJECT : Transmittal of Material It is requested that the attached copies of CIA/RR CB 64-14, Continued Momentum of Soviet Mili Assistance in 1963, February 1964, Secret.N'Q -tea (}R DIS99 , e forwarded as follows: State, INR Communications Center, Room 7818, State Dept. Bldg. For gabassies in Moscow, Frankfurt,, Landon, D; akarta, Cairo, Damascus, bul,, New .Delhi, Baghdad, Accra, Rabat,y and Algiers Attachments: Copies #eol - 12 of CB 64-14 cc: CGS/-AB ACTION COMPLETED The dissemination requesI. d by this memorandum has been completadj BY: )/ Date: Approved For Ref T0/04f'4Jtlae .. 79T01003A001900090001-1 1 Approved For Release i'g7'IlTA-RDP79T01003A001900090001-1 'roject No. 41. 5094 Report Series CIA/RR CB 64- 14 title Continued Momentum of Soviet Military Assistance in 1963 (SECRET/NO FOREIGN DISSEM) tesponsible Analyst and Branch 1/PO RECOMMENDED DISTRIBUTION TO STATE POSTS ARA Berlin, Germany Bangkok, Thailand Mexico Bucharest, Romania Jakarta, Indonesia Guatemala iiudapest, Hungary Hong Kong Panama :Moscow, USSR Rangoon, Burma Brazillia, Brazil :Prague, Czechoslovakia Kuala Lumpur, Malaya Buenos Aires, Argentina Sofia, Bulgaria Saigon, Vietnam Bogota, Colombia Warsaw, Poland Seoul, Korea Santiago, Chile Singapore, British Malaya La Paz, Bolivia aurope Taipei, Formosa Montevideo, Uruguay J T k Venezuela Caracas Belgrade, Yugoslavia apan yo, o Vientiane, Laos , Bern, Switzerland Phnom Penh, Cambodia Bonn, Germany Colombo, Ceylon Brussels, Belgium Yaonde, Cameroun Copenhagen, Denmark Near East & South Asia Leopoldville, Congo f kf t G rman Addis Ababa, Ethopia y ur , e ran - Geneva, Switzerland Helsinki, Finland The Hague, Netherlands -London, England Luxembourg, Luxembourg Madrid, Spain Oslo, Norway Paris, France Rome, Italy Stockholm, Sweden Vienna, Austria Wellington, New Zealand Manila, Philippines Canberra, Australia Melbourne, Australia Ankara, Turkey Athens, Greece ''`Grairo, Egypt L-Iamascus, Syria r-- abul,Afghanistan Karachi, Pakistan 'ew Delhi, India Nicosia, Cyprus T hran, Iran '' aaghdad, Iraq Tel Aviv, Israel Beirut, Lebanon Amman, Jordon Jidda, Saudi Arabia Ottawa, Canada Approved For Releas Accra, Ghana Abidjan, Ivory Coast Nairobi, Kenya Monrovia, Liberia Tripoli, Libya -bat, Morocco Lagos, Nigeria Mogadiscio, Somal Khartoum, Sudan Tunis, Tunisia Pretoria, South Africa t1giers, Algeria Cotonou, Dahomey Dakar, Senegal Bamako, Mali S-E-C-R-E-T Approved For Release 2000/04/19 : CIA-RDP79T01003A001900090001-1 ORR PUBLICATIONS CONTROL PROCESSING SHEET 25X1 ub j ect e14-31 4e c7.t so 9# Analyst and Branch Unedited draft :dited draft Other a. Text check ba Source check C. Releasable to: #1 sent to AD/RR #2 sent to DDI #3 checked for release OL/PSD notified to Disseminate Initials Remarks Group 1 Excluded from automatic downgrading and declassification Approved For Release 12000/04/19 : :IA-R)P79T01003A001900090001-1