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Document Creation Date: 
December 9, 2016
Document Release Date: 
March 21, 2001
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Publication Date: 
October 1, 1965
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PDF icon CIA-RDP79T01003A002400090001-5.pdf481.01 KB
Approved For Release 2001/04/17: CIA-RDP79f0400090001-5 NO FOREIGN DISSEM SECRET pproved For Release 2001/04/17 CIA-RDP79TO1003AO02400090001-5 INTELLIGENCE BRIEF Office of Kesearcri and. x eports - GROUP 1. Excluded from automatic downgrading and" declassification Approved For Release 2001/04/17 : CIA-RDP79TO1003AO02400090001-5 This material contains information affecting the National Defense of the United States within the meaning of the espionage laws, Title 18, USC, Sees. 793 and 794, the trans- mission or revelation of which in any manner to an unauthorized person is prohibited by law. Approved For Release 2001/04/17 : CIA-RDP79TO1003AO02400090001-5 Approved For Release 2001/04/17 : CIA-IRQR7_U9AQ 3AgO2400090001-5 STATUS OF SOVIET ARMS AID TO CYPRUS In mid-August the USSR reportedly rejected a request from Cyprus for additional arms aid, ostensibly because the Greek Cypriots still had not assimilated the Soviet equipment -- valued at more than $10 mmil- lion -- already delivered. The weapons included medium tanks, artillery, motor torpedo boats, and personnel carriers. Support equipment for surface-to-air missiles (SAM's) has also been delivered to the island in spite of NATO pressures in early 1965 to halt such deliveries, Although Moscow has been willing to provide arms aid in an effort to exploit Turkish-Greek differences over the Cyprus issue, it has attempted to minimize public reaction to its role in the supply of weapons to Cyprus by transshipping the equipment through the United Arab Republic (UAR). Only the actual SAM's and some associated gear remain to be delivered from the UAR. Currently, most of the Soviet weapons are being operated by Greek personnel (described by Athens as army veterans hired by the Greek Cypriots), and training in the operation of Soviet weapons is continuing in the UAR and on Cyprus.. 1. Background of Soviet Arms Aid to Cyprus Following the outbreak of hostilities between the Greek and Turkish communities on Cyprus in late 1963, Archbishop Makarios sought sources for arms aid. After his requests were rejected by Western suppliers, he turned to the USSR in March 1964. Despite initial objec- tions to the introduction of Soviet weapons on the island expressed by the Greek government to Nicosia and an attempted veto of the agreement by the Turkish Cypriot Vice President of Cyprus, an agreement for arms aid was signed in Moscow by representatives of the Soviet and Cypriot governments on 30 September 1964. Soviet policy in the northeastern Mediterranean area has aimed primarily at disrupting the southern flank of NATO. In an effort to exploit differences between Greece and Turkey over the Cyprus issue and to complicate relations with their NATO allies, Moscow injected itself into the dispute by providing arms aid to the Greek Cypriots. The USSR has attempted to minimize public reaction to its role in this arms supply, however, by using the UAR as an intermediary. Approved For Release 2001/04/17 : CIA-IgDft7 O O1 AQ02400090001-5 Approved For Release 20g1J 4It7 CIA-RPP79TO1003AO02400090001-5 2. Arms Agreement of September 1964 Although few details of the 1964 agreement have been published, the overall value of the agreement (based on the cost of equipment) is estimated at about $14 million and the credit at $7 million (assuming a discount of 50 percent from list prices). The credit probably was for a eriod of at least 15 nears at an annual rate of interest of 2 percent. epayment presumaaiy currency or in commodities at the option of Nicosia. Technical assist- ance -- the training of Greek and Greek Cypriot personnel in the UAR under Soviet or Egyptian instructors -- probably also was included in the agreement. B. Equipment Most of the equipment under the 1964 agreement is believed to have been delivered and deployed on Cyprus. The equipment included the following items: 25X1 B Approved For Release 20%U 1tT-: 1&-RDP79TO1003AO02400090001-5 Approved For Release 2001/04/17: CIA-FtSD 9~0h00 4002400090001-5 The SAM equipment provided to Cyprus by the USSR is the most advanced item in the aid package. Deliveries of SAM equipment began in late February 1965, and by the middle of March three Greek ships carrying SAM components, but no missiles, had unloaded at Cyprus ports. Diplomatic reaction by Greece's NATO allies caused the de- liveries to stop abruptly in mid-March, and some Greek ships destined for Cyprus returned to Alexandria and unloaded SAM equipment Subse- quently, a group of 30 Greek SAM personnel (reportedly only one of three such Greek groups) returned from Cyprus to Greece. Cypriot Minister of Interior Georkadji.s reportedly stated that if Greece refused to send SAM crews Cyprus would get them from the UAR or the USSR. Early in April 1965, Nicosia stated that in the absence of a UN or NATO guarantee against a Turkish attack it intended to proceed with plans to make its SAM system operational. Greece apparently relented, and the 30-man group en route to the UAR for training returned to Cyprus. Shortly thereafter, deliveries of military equipment were again started. Greek freighters delivered five military cargoes -- reportedly including SAM gear -- during the period mid-April through early June. If these reports are accurate, most of the SAM equipment reportedly scheduled for delivery to Cyprus is probably now on the island. To date, however, there is no reliable information indicating that any of the actual missiles are on Cyprus or that SAM sites are under construction. 3. Conclusions The Soviet policy of offering arms aid to Cyprus has served Com- munist objectives well., The introduction of Soviet arms has made the USSR a significant factor in the Cyprus dispute; it has decreased the likelihood of immediate "enosis" (the union of Cyprus with Greece, to which the USSR has always objected); and perhaps most important;, it has served to weaken the southern flank of NATO, 25X1A Analyst. Coord: OCI RR OCI Approved For Release 2001/04/17 : CIg_F DPG79T0'IIQ0 Q002400090001-5 Approved For Release 2001/04/17 : CIA-9'TQ'1'003~f002400090001-5 NO FOREIGN DISSEM Approved For Release 2001/04/17 : CIA-RDP79T01003A002400090001-5 SECRET 'Approved For Release 2001/04/17: CIA-901003A002400090001-5 St/A/DS Distribution of Current Support Brief No. Soviet Arme Aid to Cyprus --- October 1965 (SECRET/NO FOREIGN DISSEM) Copy No. Recipient 1 5 O/DD.I, Room 7E32, H 6 O / DDI, 25X1 A 10 Ch/E 11 13 D/ONE 14 19 St/CS 20 St/PR 21 27 D/T (1 each branch) 28 - 34 D/R (1 each branch) 35 MRA 36 - 40 D/P (1 each branch) 41 - 46 D/F (1 each branch) 47 St/PS 48 - 53 D/I (1 each branch) 54 - 58 D/A (1 each branch) 59 - 60 GD/OBI 61 - 62 CD/OBI 63 CD/X/OBI 64 - 69 RID/SS/DS, Unit 4, Room 1B4004, Hq. 25X1A 70 St/P/A 71 St/FM 72 Analyst/Branch TIPQ) 73 GR/CR 74 BR/CR 75 FIB /SR/CR, Room 1G27, Hq. 76 Library/CR 77 IPI/CR 78 Archival File > Records Center 79 Chief, OCR/FDD 80 DCS/SD 81 OCI/SA/R, Room 5G 19, Hq. 82 DDI/CGS, Room 7G00, Hq. 83 - 84 DDI/CGS/HR, Room 7G00, Hq. 85 DDI/RS, Room 4G39, Hq. GROUP I ---- Excluded from xotomatic Approved For Release 2001/04/1 7 : diA D 7 t 400090001-5 Approved For Release 2001/04/17 : CIA 01003A002400090001-5 25X1A Copy No. Recipient 86 - 88 D/OSI 89 D/OBI 90 DD/S&T/SpINT 25X1A 91 - 92 OTR/IS/IP, Room 532, 1000 Glebe (1 - OTR/SIC) 93 NPIC/CSD/REF, Room 15518, 94 NSAL, Room 3W136, Ft. Mea e v , Hq.) 95 - 103 OCI Internal (via SDS/DD/OCR) 25X1A 104 - 112 NSA_(via GB31, Hq.) 113 - 114 National Indications Center, Room 1E821, Pentagon 115 - 126 State, INR Communications Center, Room 6527, State Dept. Bldg. 127 - 130 USIA, IRS/A, Room 1002, 1750 - Pennsylvania Avenue, N. W., Attn: Warren Phelps 131 - 175 Defense Intelligence Agency, DIAAQ-3, A Building, Arlington Hall Station 176 - 240 St/P/C/RR, Room 4F41, Hq. (held fn St/P/C, 15 Oct 65), 241 - 290 Records Center Approved For Release 2001/04/17 : tl79T01003A002400090001-5 Approved For Release 2001/04/17 : CIlMC3A002400090001-5 21 October 1965 MEMORANDUM FOR: Chief, Dissemination Control Branch, DD/CR FROM : Acting Chief, Publications Staff, ORR SUBJECT Transmittal of Material It is requested that the attached copies of CIA/RR CB 65-9, Status of Soviet Anne Aid to Virus, October 1965, Secret/NO FOREIGN DISSE I, be forwarded as follows: State, INR Communications Center, Room 6527, State Dept. Bldg. Suggested distribution for Embassies in Ylescow, London,, Paris, Ankara,. Athens, Cairo., and Nicosia ACTION Ck".vII.ETED the dissemmaiton ret tiesled by This Memorandum has been comp) Ie 4 0y; d-V )2 &".6 Attachments: Co Aes 186 - #192 of CE 65-59 25X1A Approved For Release 2001/04/17 : CIA-RD79T01003A0f400090001-5 S E C R E T Approved For Release 2001/04/17 : CIA- _ , 1003AO02400090001-5 Project No. 35. 5277 Report Series CIA/RR CB 65-59 Title: Status of Soviet Arms Aid to Cyprus --- October 1965 (SECRET/NO FOREIGN DISSEM) Responsible Analyst and Branch T/PO 25X1A RECOMMENDED DISTRIBUTION TO STATE POSTS Berlin, Germany Bucharest, Romania Budapest, Hungary '4'1oscow, USSR Prague, Czechoslovakia Sofia, Bulgaria Warsaw, Poland Europe Belgrade, Yugoslavia Bern, Switzerland Bonn, Germany Brussels, Belgium Copenhagen, Denmark Geneva, Switzerland Helsinki, Finland The Hague, Netherlands Lisbon, Portugal VLondon, England Luxembourg, Luxembourg Madrid, Spain Oslo, Norway Faris, France Rome, Italy Stockholm, Sweden Vienna, Austria Far East Bangkok, Thailand Djakarta, Indonesia Hong Kong Rangoon, Burma Kuala Lumpur, Malaya Saigon, Vietnam Seoul, Korea Singapore, British Malaya Taipei, Formosa Tokyo, Japan Vientiane, Laos Colombo, Ceylon /Ankara, l/Athens, Greece L/Cairo, Egypt Turkey Damascus, Syria Kabul, Afghanistan Karachi, Pakistan New Delhi, India 'Nicosia, Cyprus Tehran, Iran Baghdad, Iraq Tel Aviv, Israel Beirut, Lebanon Amman, Jordon Jidda, Saudi Arabia Wellington, New Zealand Manila, Philippines Ottawa, Canada Canberra, Australia Melbourne, Australia GROUP i Excluded from automatic Approved For Release 2001/04/17: - F 79J01Je40 Mexico Guatemala Panama Brazillia, Brazil Buenos Aires, Argentina Bogota, Colombia Santigao, Chile La Paz, Bolivia Montevideo, Uruguay Caracas, Venezuela Yaounde, Cameroun Leopoldville, Congo Addis Ababa, Ethopia Accra, Ghana Abidjan, Ivory Coast Nairobi, Kenya Monrovia, Liberia Tripoli, Libya Rabat, Morocco Lagos, Nigeria Mogadiscio, Somal Khartoum, Sudan Tunis, Tunisia Pretoria, South Africa Algiers, Algeria Cotonou, Dahomey Dakar, Senegal Bamako, Mali