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Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
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Document Creation Date: 
November 16, 2016
Document Release Date: 
January 4, 2000
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Publication Date: 
May 31, 1950
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Approved Rar Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDWT01049A000200020002-2 Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP79T01049A000200020002-2 SECIET Approved Foz,Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP7,2701049A00020 )VIN NT 1950 020,2,'2e CO J tea e r Pob The attached information is submitted in response o the request dated 7 April 1950. The list of commodities upon which information is requested has been expanded to include other raw materials which are produced in insufficient quantities in the various areas of the Soviet orbit. These materials are: Cotton Tungsten Lead MOUtd08,1181 The etu is presented in five sections: ales metals and ferro-alloys: Satellites Soviet orbit Summary 11. Natural Aubber U.S.S.R. Satellites Certain agricultural conmodities U.S.S.R. Satellites China and Northcrz Korea Minez'a1a1 metalsrubber and agricultural commodities . Soviet Zone Germany Minerals, metals, rubber an agricultural come) 08 Yugoslavia and Finland are omitted. 1 Approved For Release 2000/08/tedt-RDP79T01049A000200020002-2 Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP79T01049A000200020002-2 MET a, ?t&13 arLd Perro-alloys A* USSR ity NNW ;949 0 40, delive mai-curio r aa ia known vas QM Genoa to Odeasa have sold Global Trading Comps-AY of Li ury at '45 a flask villa vas understood January 5. 1950. months (January to June). r t a bQT 1949, Soviot purchasing or:Ants abroad were told t b e stratajc rad of of alca* r indii dual commaltles aireurT In China,. the ma.4Aor prod a sold to the National Resources Commis t of an old Soviet loan to China. IL Itay, the mines are owned and ?parotid by various and sales are made by them direct to buyers. In Spain, e email Chines Exports veto seat aro owned and operated by th Government. 2 Approved For Release 20000161A-RDP79T01049A00020002602-2 Approved For.Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP7911)1049A000200020002-2 T - Tin in China was , n y the National ReeourcesGt&iion delivered Is and individual Chinese miners and Bold to the Chinese Government* . to UI, was in repayment of a loan from that country* Tin Pram of Chinese origiu. eoth Hong Kong and Macao handle large am smuggled tin 'which is sold clandestinely to the highest bidder. Tin for nelgium usually comes from the Belgian Congo and is refined there o Cobalt. The Belgian Congo is the largest produeer of cobalt in the world* It is eined, processed and sold by the Union einiere du : Eats onds . These are >rodueed in the elgiau Host are sold to the Diamond eyndioate o private buyers and tliese sell in the open merket. role um and the Netherlands have been sellize to the Soviete and aatelliten, under trad reaeTn eeder illicit operations. .... eover* the Soeiets have been buying in Teeny oomtries, mostly in black marl:et transactions. France Switzerland and Italy have also participated in the trade. ma, strategic grade. 'ehile ;ace is found in every country* only in a fon countries is the stretegic grade prodeoed in any large quantity* India produces and processes a large part of world mica .ad*asoar and Brazil are other producers* The Soviets have large reee and prodw meet their demands. Any idea they might import would be for stockpi ieg of eioeptional quality quantities. At times tTSE has acquired graphite fronC ve deposits that will give thee One be a shortage of crucible grade but do not bey from Madagascar shows it is not an acute shortage 2.02m Belgits stpplias a considerable amount of cop trmm the mines many eampanies4 and commercial deals ble source* Load R Belgitmi and the etherlanda are largesuppliers SNOPOIMION, VR in. various forms (new, secondary, alloys. *tee) Union Miniere du Haut Katanga, wht d delivers copper to the US, vista seek copper supplies a eeotiatine with the USSR far delivery of 2.000 t to the above ccnnoditiea, mn d idered vital te the Soviet economy. These minerals are dealt/bel Approved For Release 2000/Steittig-RDP79T01049A00020002 002-2 17thib Approved For.1Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP79.1,01049A000200020002-2 SEW of essentiality The t essential use of no1ybdentmis Z'or the m ufacture of types of electronic tubes. For this purpose, there are no su In the ufacture of structural aid tool steels, molybdenum ig:irery 4Wmismmtbut is not in1TIOBiala,siomee approxim a; the sore ent Ae be produced by using other alloying elements. inoe molybdenum is one of the scarcest .a1ioyin elenenta in the USSR and a very useful elemOst, it it is likely that the R is anxious to obtain as much of this e1nentas po eibie. if large iniports are not possible, particularly if the Soviets ungston they leant from China. b. Hormel yearly requirements Probably about 2000 tons LA or, the Soviet steel industry k1 not be Neftsta*: Aaffeoted Total yearly imports by USSR since 1946 t all the per year. unknown Lend Lease ceased in 1945 .w 102 tons 1.12 tons approximately 108 tone. 4. Zxports from co' try or origin to USSR for 1948 and 1949 1*48 *may 132 tons 1949 - Heresy shipped 58 to North !Corea approximately 60 tQuS Woohnrle.. it is possible that the USSa is molybdenum from idanchuria which produced 516 tone of concentrates in and 1944. No data has been received on possible iaurian exports to the USSR in 1948 or 1949 414 by ducers CO of origins. the. North Korean overnneat Known hipp.r from countrzi of origin to US. Norway Kzmben ning 'Company North for North Korean Gowerament Known consignees in USSR, Mortrans (from Korea) Terms and conditions of business Preaumably moor barter ortrade agreements SECRET Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-F9DP79T01049A000200020002-2 Approved For..Release 2000/04atietRDP74101049A000200020002-2 Tungsten a. Degree of essentiality Although timgsten is vital to the .;SSR, it is enlikely that 44F2temirrrinntier-3:70iItiC al - t--57-c-al.-3.coi -real; 11 liractical purposes, is now part of the .:roviet orbit. An incongruity in the tungston .end by the TIC311 is that, with issaR steel production at roughly on fourth -65 production, :ov:Ist requirements for tungaton aro e,onorally eat td to bo almost aa much a. total US consumption. .A in diffloult to determine ?loviet require. meats being as high es is claimed, b. Normal yearly requireente 1949 . 1950 require lents are estimated to be appr 7,000 tons of 60 percent WO It is difficult to know whether this is an 1" or not, in view of oaragrapl. "4! above* Aeavy uses of tungsten occurmainly whan proaeo, of armor piercing shells is at a high leva. c. Total yearly imports by USSR since 19461. 1946 . at least 4,000 tons of 6G percent 101 1947 . at least 3,500 " " 1948 . 6,000 to 7,000 " * "IT 1949 . 1,600 to 2,500 IT I IT * d. Exports from country of origin to USSR for 194, ad 1949 Chine . 1948 6,000 . 6,000 tons of $0 percent 7i' 1949 . Not over 1,000 tons and probuoly of 60 percent 103. Ncrth Korea ----"'"311b . 1,000 tons of so percent 1103 3949 4000 .* 1,500 tons of 60 percent Ifltiation by oannodity Majors produners in China a 1. National itesoilrees Commission until Novw.ber 194 2* Chinese Cosemenzi.vt Govern.3ient ajor producers in Korea: 1. North Korean GoveraTeant The Kiohu inie The Koksan Yine hipper* from China to USSR 1* aong Kong Wen Chang fradinz CorLpany Tengtse Suiply Corporation XwQag Shing Cheong Channel Trading Company, Limited Marden Development Comvany Luso Enterprises (Portuguese) Pau Trading Coc:pauy Spencer and Sons, Limited SECRET Approved For Release 2000/04/18 :,CR-RDP79T01049A000200020002-2 Approved For.Rei9a CIA-RDP7-9.1"01049A000200020002-2 1?1 ? Dv1oiflnt Company sons .rLd Company tentia Da total Company ljorth China inve8ent Copc China 14.-:Tport Tradin7 t:ompany Korea to USSR Eoroan Govornn hIppers b(China) dstv or n u.S, dollars or 3, Repayat of Sovi,:t loan of 1939 d conditions of bizIness in Korea Is purchased by the Soviets and purely. a bookkeepil transaotio ey thue obtained the North rorean es fro the liSS/4 in Tin Diamonds cant nune belga. nifioant none none 2000 34000 (ore) Of Esse insig- nificant none insig 'Man none rnU insigm nificant very very vary essential epsential very essential essen * nitiaant Mificant Orefhite none none * Copper Inolaw e-oritia1 ecsential very sential nificant z4icint Lead 'Very eaueutiai eiren Approved For Release 2000/04/1gOKIDP79T01049A000200029002-2 Approved FoLRelease 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP7.9701049A000200020002-2 Co Alb ;talearia echoio- valcia Tons ot:.erwise Indus, Diamonds .ercury Tin :Jona Eone ?g T. 138 T. 60 T 1,267 20 T. 1,2) 900 1 (6 mo ????????????????????????? on.e Wont) 10 930 C. unkrown 77,378 C. 52,991 C. " 4,50C C. 203 125(eram) 2000, 101Z* 11.5 36 4737 2,100 1810.75 C. 1,815 (6 me.) 180 Albania ta/ requt utria11y to ha .ve teen report oximately 8 000 tons reported to send Until 2,271 to Copkor TS 176 3,917 25,924 42.520 51i000 4,929 f metals 7.To CO to 65 pereit o t%e exported to the US truo*'.e and to Invest in the delviopm, million . mines; or 1950 this investment allegedly arAounts to 8o414/44* charge ot" the minin3 ope7etion at the Rubiku and Buka oop? ro the Mtjor producer p November, 1949 totalled 5,.O00 to o xpQrt3 of copper ore to arf law garia Bulgarian consump of metals is 'on is exported in the Para of ore to the USSR ption or as1i shipment of copper, Import of copper igots ro Turkey In eerie- y ehort o in, lead, andLdustriai diamonds wale ar vta1iy ateeat: ndustry and war.eselng economy of the country. Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA7RDP79T01049A000200020002-2 SECRET Approved For,Release 2000/031Entr-RDP7SIFT01049A000200020002-2 NOrmal ainta1 imports 7,000 lbs domestic prothoton etited at 1,500 f to cover requirements aad co1d e thcreas in Niptepber 1.949 - 5 ? of sport* ado agree:Lent ,plan 20 Italy. llowsver4 19424 is ted Y'rom Imp? ts Iy for 1950 planned at 63 tons. tot?el imports rzn Italy in 1947 1948 20 tont. ombined Tin 00 -.mai requirement is estimated as follows 19 arst slx aonthr of 1949 ? 900 tots* exports by countries to Cechoa1ova1a a 94etrit. tett- lds? 1,074 niem 156 otbor c tries 4 1947 ? exports *were all a11ocitod to Cseeloslevakia by the Ielich ceased fmc ionin2; NormU amtal requiren om Beljum Prmn Netherlands le grade ics tons in 19484 nost of annual imp which have 949, trial dia on lands are repoi =ted 1947 1E768 9,110 nts of ioa were repot , d that year by the T3 and lndi 1946 1949 are not available. The reports on mica eived have not stated the grade of Tice shipped exports llowin items are extractions from w2oh reports and planned trade areement shipente. In P474 acoordluf; to trade areeneut, 20 tons of nba to Czecho1ovnia,Trade aCreenent of 1948 Csechoslaraia mica valued at 1 ni11in crowns (19,9). 'valued at L26 OC 441904750) were seat to Csochoslovakia fro it not listed in Ca h levakiett p (General) According to the ECA, the satellite countries deliverwas to nia granted Ad of mica dia in 949* istaining Approved For Release 2000/04/aa6-RDP79T01049A000200020002-2 Approved FdL..Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP7ST01049A000200020002-2 SECRET all tie 1c desired from Ind1a. The British point ent further that satellite CC.' ntries can obtain all grades of mica from Brasil, .:adasascar and seme -_,,rades from Aral- tine, In To 154'30t r1t;_sh pro-cased that license a-:,-TaicatIons for mica to the satellite countrftos be careNlly screened by mica oxoorts rer qualtij quantity. FlaIca vaphite, normal annual imports O.' Lraithlte aro ro;-lorted t 4600 tons (maf_aly fro:. Lustria and Gr. any). The plan or 1q49 included imports tr 000 tow of cyaphite. Production af 21z7-e :raphite in Cups oslova ia0 r.kiile of low carbon content (60 porcont) is believed to 'oe sufficient for dmestio req,ire. oinoo no ursont demands for ita ',Lave been reported rocently and jesrly imiort fic,ures sine 1946 aro not available, Ireduction fi:?ures were reporterl at 140000 tons in 1919 and an estimate of 144200 tons for 1950, The on/y sources available Lo Czeolloslova'Aa for oAmin10 tIeke .typB rphith aro Austria and Ger Reports of Iuports; from austrls between 1 ao ptetabor 1948 tonso 4to ahipped rran _nehldorrer Graft :orgbau A.G. near 4itsr, bower La3tria to t140 rim of Tan,veho.Blavia Twenty tons of 2rarphite erel Auehldorfor Crati'76.Berlaa.10 A.C. to on unspeeifted f::.rm in Bratislava. Accordin,.; to tho trade areement cr,J ly 1949, Llu_stria was,to supply 50M0 crowns worth of ;:raphite to ,:zechosIovel-ia, rac",3 not reported. From (}ermany . The Czechs were nagetiatin,,- orad. or Dumber& for 100 tons of srakIhit o;.....rly in 1940 bu-o the truction was not oonpletedbecal.lse of the export ban in force in Bizene, Cemany. ?MGT The shortaze of cower in ?seen industry is most serious. import reqviroments of oopper for tae ns of curront Caoo elova imn peaceuime production. but rerhaps not for any spooial aram:ent program, is believed to 40,000 to 50,000 tons. Actual ycr4r iraporto or copper from 1940 to 1949are re2crted as followst 3.946 . 3,024 tons; 1947 - 220879 to 148 42,620 tons and 1949 estimated at 51OQO on which was the planned import require-gont for that year. (ports ore2itled cop;er froi hi1 in 1947 totalled 9,M1 Approved For Release 2000/04/agMRDP79T01049A000200020002-2 Approved FoRelease 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP7.9T01049A000200020002-2 SECIE An estimate of copper exports for 194C and 1949 tram co'intri of origin is difficult to mal..e since so much of the imports of copper into Czechoslovakia dur1n0 those years was illicit and not reported* Exports from Canada to Czechoslovakia in 1.948 amounted to 6.411 short tons (5*816 1,41)* Under trade agreemen;41 for 1948. Czochoslovaia was to receive from Delgium, 6.500 tone of coppers USSR 4.000 tons; and fran Yugoslavia. 5.085 tons* An imp3rt agree:ent was made with Sovsone Germany by the Czgeh &eiting works at Prague?between June and November of 1948 for 1,000 tons of mapper scrap* The greater part of the copper taports, however, aro Valieved to have been supplied by the West. mainly Belgium* Chile, Mexico and the United Kingdom*?' In 1949* plaunsd requira7ents included 51,000 tans of copper of whieh 17.000 tons were to have been supplied Czechoslavazda and EE countries . probably Bulgaria. Hungary. YUgoalavia (early 1949), Germany. Finland and the USSR. The remaining 34,000 tons is estimated to have been, supplied by Chile, Belgium, Lieliee, Holland and some frah Japan and Canada* Actual reported exports of copper to Czechoslovakia from count0Y- of origin in 1948 were: Pram Tugoslavia 5.087 tons Maio* 1.408 Belgium .8,900 Dorsey . 200 Mmior prod7cers of coppers Mexico . Cobra de Ifirsico; Cananea Consolidated Copper Canpany Belgium. Societe Gonerale des anerals Holland . 1:rtsimport (Transshipment :7irm) Chile . Braden Copper Campanyl Anaconda Cpez Cpany Known shippers to Czechoslovakia: Italian firm "Anonlma Commercio Pr4otti Indust in Lugar:o. Italy* London Derby and Company Holland "Ertsimport". Ansterda:% Switzerland - Basel, Switzerland; "Societe Anonym pour le Exterieur", Zurich; "Globe Trade". Zurich; wrogdi aud'Company", Zurich; "Metall Ers A.0**1 ohag CaMpany, Zurich* Germany etrans*, Schaffenburg European Metal Corporation. New 'fork* y requirements are estimated at approximately 30.000 tone*. Average imports of lead boforo the mar (1935-1937) amounted to 11,V28 tons. SLCRET Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : C14RDP79T01049A000200020002-2 Approved ForRelease 2000/SECREFA-RDPAT01049A000200020002-2 Lead is one of the critical s.ortagelvin CseCA industry and one of the most difficult items tc, procure. The shortage of lead WW1 the cause of restricted production at several factories during 1949. 1948 imports of lead reportedly amounted to 23,844 tons coming mainly from Germany. Yugoslavia, Belgium, 6,ustrialia, Spain, and Poland. Planned import requireu manta for 1949 included 22,000 tons of lead to be imported mainly-from yago. elavia? Poland, Rumania and the usgR. Imports of lead 1946 . 6,036 motric tons 1947 19,686 ? 1948 12,844 1949 22,000 Trade agreemOnts show planned exports of lead by countriess From Bulgaria .. From Mexico Fran VS From USSR Rumania Yugoslavia Belgium 100 tons (1949) lead in various forms . am (1949.1964) 'large quanti ti es* (1950) 4,000 tons{ 1949.1951) 2,000 tons 1949) 8,400 tons 1948) 8.700 tans 1949 (before th 1,000 tons (1948) Actual shipment are reported: Prom Yugoslavia . In 1946 8,465 *one lead From USSR Januar i to September 1948 1,463 tons From USSR First quarter of 1949 . 650 tons TI The annual ly position requires 9,000 pounds of mercury Imports per year. Source unknown Mercury was listed in the 1949 trade agreement with Italy but amount no stated. Netherlands. from Belgi Ti Requirements 50 tons a :-Ionth. Consumption 600 tons amikuaJy. All imported from the UK and Allocated by the Combined Tin Committee 1947 .? 203 tons. July December 1948 126 toas. Industrial diamon s No infamAtion is avuila%le on imports in 1946.1948. Exports in 1949 amounted to 7,117 carats. The barter agreement with 1Torway whic nded in 1930Anoluded some mica. The amount and the zrade were not J.ven. Exports fro u the US in 1947 ao.ounted to 2,271 tons. Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CetT -T9T01049A000200020002-2 Approved For-Release2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP7901049A000200020002-2 SECRET arap Ftom Austria by agreemem in 1949 . 1,000 tons(grade not gi and in 1950- 1,600 t-?as of which 300 tons have been ahipped 2mas IWngarian industry needs 600 tons of electrolytic:copper p r month. Iaports of copper in 1947 amounted to 4,929 tons and included Prom Turkey 1947 100 tons USSR 1947 502 Yugoslavia 1947 2,163 information on Shipments for 1948, 1949 have only been reported in small dribbles. Unstated amounts of copper and copper products imports *ere planned in trade agreements for 1949 with. Italy, Switzerland and Sweden. Lead imports in 1947 a-cunted to 1,550ons. Zap:arts to ury Wan USSR From Belgium From Australia ? 2,000 tons 1949 Agrew_unt 227 tons in February 1950 $ tons supplied by Derby & Company, London, 98 tons supplied by Derby & Co., London 24 tens II It Wn 11.. Poland liereug Thros.year trade agreement with Italy 1949-1 export 80 tons mercur,r. 17 to The Combined Tin Committee allocated 8734 metric tons in 1947; Poland 2,100 metric tons of tin in 1948. 203 ton_ of refined tin were shipped to Poland handled in Antwerp by Van 0mmere (Anvers) S.A. forwarding agents; origin unknown, and 1,615 etrio tons during first Ault of 1949. Trade amp.. ment 'with Indonesia for 1960 includes tin. Amount not st-ated, Industrial Diamonds Uo information on imports in 1948 ciA 1949. Etports frau Belgium in 1947 . 2,933 carats; 1946 . 191 arati, From the Netherlands in 1947 - 784 * Trade azreelent for 1949 with Austria shows plans for Austria to supply Poland with mica valued at 010,000._ Grade, Gra*ite From a Soviet controlled firl in Vienna 170 tuns graphite, (Muklbere Grafit .orks) Roveber Dose ber 1943* Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : 14.1p, RDP79T010 ?& 1 1 0020002-2 Approved For-Release 2000/04gtdityRDP79Z01049A000200020002-2 A report of a senthetic eraphtte fectory at Ratibus was made in Aibreary 1249, statin, ;ht the factory processes 50 railroad cars of raw material daily and ships only graphite powder to the USSR. The raw material reported'," comes from 'ISA/Germanys Trade Agreement ezeCeoalovakia to deliver 1,000 tons raphite in 1960 Treace to deliver 150 tons in 1949 orway " 150 e Copper Anneal oeppor imports daring 1946.1949 not available. Exports of copper t. Poland which have been reported are shown as follow: Prom Finland 1949 From Chile 1949 Pram Japan 1949 Prom Albania 1948 From YUgoalavia e Planned Prue Albania Pram Belgium From Bulearia 3,000 tons refined copper 5,555 tons of which 3,556 toes were reported 8,000 tons Amount not atated 1949 - 2,000 tons 1949 eeeunt not stated 1950 agree-1,500 tons ment 1949 Amount not given. sipped by tile Braden Cope: From Argeetina . lead 'feted on trade agreeeent.- ,mount net stated. From Yugoslavia. planned 1949 e 2,000 tons, Rumania 4ercury About 1,500 pounds of mercury is eroduced annually from complex go1dsilvereeercere ?rose The only reported export to Rumania was 26 tons- of mercere purchased from eehellere an- export and import aeency in uriche in Aueust 1949. The supplier wee Universal eexieaaa: Vera Cruz. Allocation by Combined December 1949e eraa USSR . 9 tons. Industrial Diamonds n Committee 1948 . 0 ens. July e No information on imports of diamonA in 1946k 1947 or 1213 ts from Beleiva were reported in 1949. Mica - Nona Graphite Requiromoce,e small. Domestic plane *opacity 4 tons. Imports, Annual e 1400 tons Exports by dountry I,rom USSR e 1949 . 23 tons. CopRer Copper exports in eetrLe eous (actual and planned) framt RET Turkey MT 2046 " 1947 1948 1949 Bel gium 5.)00 ApproveRRIbr Release 20G0/04/18 : CDIA-RDP79M1049A04WORM24reouecro mos.) (tr. aeres.) 5,800 (actual) 1 Approved For.Release 2000/04/18 : Clittnr01049A000200020002-2 ? teed ulremonts about 1946 ?730. T, (ere) Exports by country; 1947 1948 11161?1011m... 550 on-th) tons suffici ant 047 1948 MOR ... July and August 1949 1 ,763 4 5.000 on't-, of :o1i Approved For Release 2000/SESIETIA-RDP79T01049A000200020002-2 Approved For,gelease2000/04/1)P794.01049A000200020002-2 2. of flaSen. Noue -gone Orities1 Critical ataestial of Satellites 7.6 mts rIalosevel Insi ;nine's MINA* lifittstria Ossithowirtraia 5 nits I'M vita 7.5 Ai ?7.5 *Se .50 War- nation 110 /10 let 450 eta concentrates o ird'exentiesi 0 I/ SEIM Mo, metal re. .0ot Me. Seta Teo D. lo metal 176 stere-. "0. 40 a motel mts stei. fso. 20 eta rito 110. a Mik re. Ite lets A*. KO: te Pe. No. ormstien Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP79T01049A000200020002-2 Approved For Release 2000/0181111-RDP79W1049A000200020002-2 Approved For Release 2000ME!13\ : -hDP79T01049A000200020002-2 r Approved For Release 2OOOIO4I hf DP79101049A000200020002-2 211M11 Approved For Release 2000/01M-RDP79T01049A000200020002-2 Approved For Release 2000/04/18ifier79.101049A000200020002-2 1014M*1 gifta etbte win hr 34) Impo (14A Aitbspeitt NIB Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-TkOP79T01049A000200020002-2 Approved For Release 2000/04/1 049A000200020002-2 MIT Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : $114-RDP79T01049A000200020002-2 Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : 9;01049A000200020002-2 . Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CU-RDP79T01049A000200020002-2 Approved For Release 2000/04/18 CIA 7901049A000200020002-2 (mum ubith reigt1 Tratte) et" notKe tots WI 11111111 Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA21DP79T01049A000200020002-2 Approved For, Release 2000/04/111Mr79401049A000200020002-2 Ian Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RD2729T01049A000200020002-2 Approved For Release 2000/0 RDP79-1.01049A000200020002-2 rroe roam* A UM* egmewit between waft/ eat ?MO* Mg read, Ulan 74,44# INO 4. Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-ill5P79T01049A000200020002-2 Approved For Release 2000/CSIE1(A-RDP79401049A000200020002-2 t re eke of 76 lbs. mercury sac U.S.S.R. Albania Rulgaria Cseehoslov Hungary Poland Rumania None nificant * Small nificant ? 0 15.000 Very small ? * 3 mall 1#50 None 11411 !Ma 000 40,000 one None Inn 1160 OW oslovakia Bung827 Poland Rumania 15,000 None ? Very 853 '427 600 Terf 1300 lasential 283 1857 138 IOW 1267 2)3 Olat 2100 180 9 A*I* Sale 100 USSR Albania Bulgaria Czechoslovakia Hungary Poland Rumania tial Critical Critical a Essential None 0 5 7i Insig- nificant None ? e None None 3 4 5 5 5 73/4 g- 'wag. IC. ins. Insig. nificant INV APO 0111111, Induktrial onds (In carats or value in DS dollars) Albania Bulgaria Czechoslovakia SAngAz7 Poland Rumania Critical Ins4- nificant uantiml 3asential Small 50-100.000 Very small sman $81.895 None NOW! None 930 77,378 5Z 991 3737 118.070 None alb 41?1. metric tons) USS Albania Dulfaria Csechoslovakia Hungary land Rumania None 0 Issential Ins 1g.. nificant Essential mug- niPicant 750 None 115 Very small Small None None None 2271 None None MP. 10 4Mp MO, Approved For Release 2001gififIA-IV1379T01049A000200020002-2 proved bite or gelease 2000/04/184EmP79.T.01049A000200020002-2 eke ?in metric tone) USSR, Anent a Nalgaria Czhosjoyakja Hungary Poland *mania None ? ? Neeential Ineig- nificant assent/al Insig- nificant 1000 None 0 1600 Small 1000 800 None 1,100 40. 1,100 YIP 410 1,100 411- +OF VOW 3 in metric tons) USSR Albania Nagar/a Ceecboal loam). al 7000 4000 3500 6-7000 1500-7500 None None None None None ? None Crit al 45-Metal 20- 40- 45- 45- 7040% Metal concentra ee 200- Metal 300- Metal 380- Metal 380- 3&J- rro-W. "'arro- w. Ferro rro- Ferro- Critical 110 rro-W. 50- 1erro- 59- retro- 110- Ferro- 110- ?erre- V. 11. W. U. *-- eatial Ineig- nifi cant Innis. Ins g. 'note. Insig. etrictone) 1 Albania Nulgarla Csecho,lo,ekja Citjal X MOO None ? 102 132 N0318 None None 40 Natal 20- 30- 40- 178 Ferro- Metal Metal Metal MO. 100- 150- 178- Ferro- rorro- Terra- 20- 22- 60- rerro- rerro- Perro- Me. Mo. Mo. N0118 None None 60 Ferro- Mo Insig- nificant 178- Ferro- 60- Terre- Mo. None 41. Albania gall& nechoelovakia 3=8047 Poland Nellenia 2,000 50,000 6?000 10,000 7,000 None 176 3917 lab 25,924 42,5 4,929 6,1 850 4iGHET Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIMIDP79T01049A000200020002-2 Approved For-Release 2000/04/SEGUIRDP79+01049A000200020002-2 no) Albania Coaohoolovakia Poland Ndmania Tory aificamt II Very 11***ntidd 110,000 Nom) 1,000 23,000 16'11 10,000 3,000 6 19??90 1 1,550 3,000 4,806 401, *is SECRET Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA- 9T01049A000200020002-2 28 Approved ForjRelease 2000/04/SECIETRDP79.101049A000200020002-2 to USSR and Sate for the USSR, Czechoslovakia seiblythe Soviet tone of f the Soviet bloc countries have small rubber fabricating use on the average not more than 5,000 tons each of natural ease of war, this fabricating capacity would contribute o t but in themselves constitute a very small part. own of fabricating capacity, hence rubber requirements according Austria Bulgaria Czeehoslov Hungary Large syntheti othereiee have Poland - of growing importance - of growing importance Rumania small - negligible USSR * vital to econo - very important - small bher production provides elastome be supplied by natural rubber imports. 2. istimate of Normal Yearly Requirements Since World War II efforts to increase duction capacity of rubber abricating plants have been made, and increased import demands of natural ubber can be expected. The following table represents normal yearly require te for the USSR and Satellites: Hungary Poland Rama& negligible Ruagar - 6,000 tons(increasing) Poland 1 000 tons Rumania Formerly around USSR 15,000-20,000 tons - ftzw about 30,000 tons. tons 10,000 tons(increasing) tons from 50,000 to 70, with possible increase. f Yearly Rubber Imports by Countries since 1946 Uaroved For Release 1,450 1942. 12M, 1,470 3,832 8,182 300 150 925 14,767 23,358 22,000 2,377 3,000 4,750 2,250 3 600 i2.000 100 1,000 1,250 /04/18 : CIA*I 79101 04efibiff00020002205?000 SECIET Approved For.Release 2000/04/40MDP79.101049A000200020002-2 4. stiniate of ber zport3 from Country of Or. 1949 direct shipment)* 1948 Total, AA* A4146 4,377 n.a. 2,197 nil a. Albania Austria Bolger a asehoslovakia Hwtgary Poland USSR 10), 59) L949.p_d...4a. n.a. 4,377 1 342 342 4,641. 4,641 285 285 Poland 8,535 7,909 Bausania 112 1,112 USSR 6,464 63,414 Al * Discrepancy between yearly ru experts from country of origin to Par, 4) ii not shown, but is accoun Netherlands and China. and Satellites PM, ta by countries(Par. 3) and rubber and Satellites for 1948 and. 1949 or by re-exports largely from UK 5. (a) Major Producers in Country of Origin Rubber estates in Malaya, Indonesia, and Ceylon. (b) Known Shippers from Country of origin to USSR and Satellites. Me detaila are available On this question, except for the case of the USSR, but it is probable that most of the Satellites follow regular trade channel routes as has the USSR. However, the USSR also has procured rubber through seans of UK trade treaties, whereby certain sterling balances are accumulated from delivery of grain and timber to Great Britain. In this case sales were made in London covering rubber and actual shipment was made by Malayan branches of representatives of London houses. Payment was then as through London banks to Singapore banks. However, some rubber is bought through regular trade channels, in some cases by Soviet agents, with payment in Straits Settlements dollars, Approved For Release 2000/04/1SEMETDP79T01049A000200020002-2 Approved ForSelease 2004f4WHIA-RDP791.01049A000200020002-2 Rubber prices averaging 17.56 cents per pound in 1749 have risen to 25 cents pound by 1 May 1950. Companies which have bought, procured, and made al rubber available to the Soviet Union include the following: East Asiatic Co., Ltd. Maclaine, Jatson & Co., Ltd. Sandilands, Buttery & Co., Ltd. Anglo-Preach & Bendixsene Ltd. HeogAandt & Co. garrison & Crossfield Berne? Co., Ltd. Paterson Simons & Co., Ltd. K. C. Lee Rubber Co. Rotterdam Trading Co. Moine Compt Co. ox re was via Rasnoimport, official trading conpai et vessels to ports of Odessa and Betum. Minor merits were de by vessels of other registry, and some came into the USSR at Leningrad. British and Netherlands consignees, names unknown, take care of shipments which, are re-exported from these countries to the USSR and Satellite countries. Approved For Release 2000/04/18SWP79T01049A000200020002-2 nd Approved For.aelease 2000/04/4211RDP79Z01049A000200020002-2 Product d fats e been same imports of fats and oils, the Soviet Orbit as a wboie would not be eerioway hurt if they were stopped completely. The present areas, &etern Europe and Manchuria, supply sufficient quantities of vegetable and animal oils and fats to maietain industry and the armed forces, Ther. would probably be some decrease in the general standard of living but it would .not be eerioue enough to impair the working capacity of the people as a eho1e4 Imports of edible fate and oils are not esaential to the, industrial and war making economy of the Soviet Orbit* 2s cords ribera Jute and sisal have a low degree of eeeenti1ity to the U.S.S.R. and taUite. Domestio fibers are available as substitutes. Small amounts of jute are being imported from India and Pakistan. No sisal is imported. Heneqeen, a hard fiber somewhat similar to sisal, is imported fromMsolco. Imports by the U.S.S.R. in 1948 and 1949 were 31,000 tons and 10,000 tone reapectivoly a compared to 14,000 tons in prewar. So far in 1950, 5,000 tons were imported by the U.S.S.R Cessation of imports by the. U.S.S.R. mould not impair the industrial and mar making economy beeause of the availability in the U.S.S.R. of eubetitute fibers. Hemp is not in short supply in the U.S.S.R. nd Satellites. The area in the largest producer of hemp in the world. The current importation of fibers by the U.S.$.L and 8ateilites is not a matter of abeolute necessity, but are rather temporary tasirea uttii increased domestic production. 14 effected. 3. Leather The Soviet Orbit tms been inport1ng leather from u. Morita. The aunts involved when co pared to total consumption are negligible and if cut off would not impair the industrial and war-making economy. The aim- ination of leather imports would probab1y mean a.alight decrease in the amDwt of shoes available to. the civilian population but would be otherwise unis,ortant, 4. Cotton r the &vjet Orbit as a who1, he necessity to ob wption U from it countries is probably a border line cae. Total. approximately 870,000 metric tons of which 216,000 Approved For Release 2000/04/183Mr79T01049A000200020002-2 Approved ForBelease 2000/04SIMIRDP79.1,01049A000200020002-2 re imported from . For the 1948-49 conan Use year, total tonsumption is estintated at 700,000 metric tons or 80 percent f prewar of which 148,000 metric tons or 20 percent was imported from the *tern Countries. The decrease in consueption of raw cotton has been effected by rationing and a start has bean mads in substituting synthetic fibers such as rayon, perlon, etc. The elimlnation of cotton imports from the eetern Go accentuate an already tight situation in the supply of oons War and industrial uses would probably be unaffected. The eta crease in the supply of textiles for the consumer is bard to measure, felt, that the Orbit could get along for one or at most mo years any critical difficulties. An immediate effect .ould be the closing of hs cotton mills in Poland and Czechoslovakia. Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : 9T01049A000200020002-2 31 Approved For-Release 2000/04.1A-RE3 49A000200020002-2 le In the ease of China be noted that the estimate of Citiality f the various commodities includes a consideration of the implications to the cist egime of large-scale unemployment in key urban areas as well as the treat effects on the eeonomy resulting from China's failure to obtain these Although less is known about conditions of internal stabi1ty in thern Korea, it is believed that econemlo considerations are far mors I,mpCtarLt han tical factors la an estimate of the essentiality of particular commodit hum, to the extent that it is possible to assess essentiality at all,entire en" has been placed on economic restore. 2. Although pstroiezni was not discussed in the USSR andateli its sections, ? pertinent to note that, in the ease of China at least, this e mmodity is only to raw cotton in its degree of essentiality. When the Nationalist rnnt was in eontrol of the mainland, principal mantes of petroleum impor the U.S, and the Middle East. It is believed that the Comniniets are obtain eons, although insufficient, amounts of petroleum products from the usta, 3. sign trade data or north a are virtually unavailable. Until statisties we recorded fort he country as a ehole; after the divia- were published. ountry at the Nth parallel on the initiation memorandum Korea (e.g. tungeten) have not been eansidered The products examined in the sections below are raw mat industries. The industrial sector is a minor segment of the however, so that none of these imports can be regarded as ab to the country as a whole. The economy of most of China is prini Chino's on a economy, toly essential agri- cultural, and provides the population with the bulk of commodities needed to maintain their sabeistence seals of living. It is thus cooperatively unaffected by the volume of industrial imports. Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP79T01049A000200020002-2 32 ? - :41 Approved Fox,Release 2000/04METCIA-RDP74T81049A000200020002-2 ela iv* unimportance in terms of the inc Conni.trite have strongly espoused the objective of sector in order to free the eountry from traces of "Coicnjnli on of the dustrial sector in the politically volatile o its strategic significance for the maintenance of Coszwzniet aintenance of normal levels of output and employment in Indus onsidera1e importance to the Communist regime. For the maintenance 10 The cities trols of pat and empleyment in the Industrial sector, row eetton is by fir the most important import examined below. Chinese textile mills occupy the largest mown of the Industria elector, accounting for over half of total employment in all of modern industry. Despite the efforts of the Chinese Communists to promote domestic cotton planting, the textile industry will continue to depend on a large volume ofimports for the next few years, at least. None f the other commodities examined below approach raw cotton of essentiality. bar ray be regarded as of moderate essentiality rubberthe growing goods industry, which accounts for approximate: 5 modern industrial employment in Shanghai and which employs a aignittcarr sorkers in hcities as well. The degree of essentiality for copper may also be considered moderate, the import of these products helping to maintain in the electrical and other light industries. ?or the ining item cited below, the degree of essentiality is I)omestic mc production could be expanded to oompeneate for the elimination of foreign sou ces of saPPII, 0?balt metalA Iqth trial diamo1nde,4.21, and fittl have not been imported in significant quantities. 22E18mtams have been imported in some quantity, but China's major reliance is on the finished product such AS gunny bags. Leather imports will probably be reduced under the oCmwttst regime since manufactures from these imports served to meet the needs of e tot 41:1, Pro The norm ented in of impo rements of the materials exerainwi below are These requi.rement, were estimated on the with an allowance for probable increases RET Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP79T01049A000200020002-2 33 Approved For-Release 2000/ CIA-RFA61049A000200020002-2 the availability of domestic sum of cotton) and possible increases in demand (e.g. of rubber) with progress in industrialisation. The annual, re* quirecant figures are estimated averages for the next 3 to 5 years The *port ?iures, shown for 1946, 1947 and 1948, are taken trou the Chia- ese ms returns for those ;ream These data are not aveilable for 1949. The absence of 1949 figures is not, however, considered a serious deficiency for pur- posesof this report since the Nationalists blockaded the China coast during the $00 the year an the import totals for 1949 are therefore not repre- sentative of noza1 yaarly reciiremente. TABLE I OF SZLECTZDCooDrXFs, 1 948 NORHAL ANNUAL REQU in metric tons) 4,225 19 3 2,558 so 567 el 1,2oo 107 abs 3,344 2,131 2,0:19 and plates 1,076 223 421 950 1,797 3,756 /302 1,199 ,, 1,1195 281,372 123,236 21 89,522 1,027 392 Unknown; probably negligible. .2/ Does not ?,/ Does no 1 ar East as sisal. How. of 73,710etric time 1tida ECA ehiente of 68,040 metric tons Source' Chinese Maritime Customs Trade Statietics vregi Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP79T01049A000200020002-2 3 4 Approved For Release 2000/04?:81A-RDP78r01049A000200020002-2 TABLE II CHINA ANNUALMORT'S OF TED COMMIES, 1947 and 1948, BY COUNTRY OF ORIGIN (In metric tone) TOTAL Great Britain Hong Kong Its4 Straits Settl United States British torth B French Indco Croat Britain H Kong Ptg'tuueec Beat Africa Sett1ttits and F M,S# tates ountz,ies, and unknown Bur ? synthetic 19 9 2 _1948 NA 578 23,337 78 140 751 199 2 931 236 36 2 1 3 6 8 50 3.6,967 4,743 1 457 10 84 2,338 6 730 TOTAL Great Britain 244 India 2,308 6,730 Siam 6 567' so 535 16 11 5 Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA=RIP79T01049A000200020002-2 35 Approved For ;release 2000/04/ A-RDP7913111149A000200020002-2 (TAMS 11, cortt*d) ;311 TOTAL Argentin Australia Brasil Bursa Canada French Indochina Great Britain Bang Kong India Sian 3traite Sett' Uruguay United states other r. Mit TOTAL G. CO eta aAd and F.M.S. AEI 6 3 15 7 3 7 513 2,131 9 2,122 18 467 APR Me- 20009 2 179 2 195 4, 3,756 Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP79T01049A000200020002-2 38 roved Forlii.elease 2000/04/18 : la, mato TOTAL Ragius Canada ?ranee Great BrLtatn Rang Kong India JaPtel United : tea Unknown Union of So. ftica and Rhodesia 31as United States Other countries and unknown L t Pigs or TOTAL Mi Grea Ha KG H StrataSett s widen United states ? Ct D 49A000200020002-2 6 509 1 151 143 105 283 IOW E.CRET la, 43 68 392 33 7 50 202 17 2 ao 6 3,675 9E12 30258 485 5 6 Approved For Release 2000/04/18 :-CIA-RDP79T01049A000200020002-2 37 tutoRsr 1-) I: ir roved Forlii.elease 2000/04/18 : CIA-RMOhT91049A000200020002-2 Countr of origia The identification of e,S. eh1ppers to Communist China is a matter of Prima Sat to the Departments of Commerce and State and possibly to the Federal Dirresu istigation, They will therefore, not be tncltded here, Ke ng is an important source of imports for ommunist China and it is he case that few trading corporations would refuse to export any of the conaideratien. The following firms in Hong Kong represent an incomplete ehich have made shipments to Gormumilst Chinas Copper and lead, /AT TUE CONPANT Coppers TA CHUNG INDUSTRIAL COMPANT Cefpert UNIVERSAL TRADIM COMFANT &beet TAI TAR HONG Rubbers HONGKOM ENTERPRISES LTD, Rubbers B1JTTF2FDAID & SWIRE Rubber; P.L. TANG& COEPANT Rebbers DAH CHEN COLTANY Cotten; HUNG HO CHANG he ha sections 4 CemPLAY has been a large iporterReseures recently adopted by the Communist governiaent in Peiping, however, appear to foreshadow the replacement of these regional orge1n.tzatirns by nationwIds corporations operating with affiliated are ee ing a ;steadily increasing private rthants still reign trade monopoli*atiou b;.- the ime tins through its north ations have been major importers, a through private importers, but efforts to establish their elm past year, the C and other goverwzt corp companies have made pure ey have been making Arena sign sellers, In the e miegyear the government should be in by-passing private intermediaries and acting as the -rt Company has its eessa the Shanghai area, organizations in other China Foreign Trade 1E! Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CiAtIRDP79T01049A000200020002-2 SECRET REI Approved For aelease 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP79T01049A000200020002-2 branches throughout the ecunt of Trade. Currently, the terms payment before shipment or sale of cotton specified 2 arrival of the carryina steamer ight and ander the general direction of the hinistry re such as If iver/ down paymen the balance of 5 percent u AS selle The ma4er part of northern Korea try* mart7 of the commodities hate for light, consusr goods need of cotton textiles, cordage, ability to utilise rTteettRn MURAVC is retir the degree of is not known, tions t be izported for the or the relatively inn ofttialiV of industr in 0 reference dustries. Thus, te# gunny sacks, rubber ar leather calitidialP and n?4ri,t1 rubber is quick cash, act made in the 70 percent on checking of the d of heavy constitute Ko disxacnds to the northern Korean e onomy ping machine tools industry and the diamond imports, a cl not a= ta available, north? ric tone annually, - No information is av by the Repa clandestine rade did not * tb Rong Kong reached h south rience sive hie on any of the de level o $100,000 0000 Prior Korea existed until it was terminated in early of Korea. Smuggling with southern Korea has persisted and de with Japan exists, 'ECRU Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : 9IA-RDP79T01049A000200020002-2 (4, tt,r-g?pri- Approved Foraelease 2000/04/ .1E1A-RDPMA1549A000200020002-2 Availabl tat&!tioa for nothern Korea 1948-49 trade are show in Table rli. TABLE 111 T3 (iF SELECTED c By COUNTRY OF ORIG trio tons) -4 = Rubber Tin p Cordage fibers data are estimated and ity and oompletenssa. queStiOna 3 239 10 227 3 onsid ation have invar been purchased through outhern Korea mho in turn, have inported these commo for 1949 Imacate that thc folloming Hong one or (onigzed 3 rore shipments during the year to northern Korean ports, d CO. 6 iVheelock Bldg*, 110 Chung Chengbi, Co. ... No known address TA Trading Co, - 133 Yuen Ming Yuen IAL CO,, L. - el Jinkee Rd., BX4 505 CO, ?? York Bldg. CO. - 123 Canton Rd., R. 103. YI TAI HONG or info, CHINA TRAVEL SERVICE 420 Ssechuen M. H093.KONG EASTERN Stems ship Co. 5 Queens Rd. It 44 it REI Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : qua-RDP79T01049A000200020002-2 - Approved For.Belease 2000/04/1e Intelligence reports have indiaated that EP 20 Des Voeucltd. and the TRINITY TRADDTGC0i,iPANY active in this trade? bclieved t toe'Oommor s 1049A000200020002-2 ISSTLI AND 001,1PANY unknown, are also ed. to the CHO a quas -g vernmont The m&jor portion of the Hong Kong northern Korean trade ie conducted tw s. It le believed that northern area ha* accumulated 004e foreign holding* in Hong !tong banks but it is doubtful if these holdings are than !IX $5 000 COO. 48E1 Approved For Release 2000/04/1p,: CIA-RDP79T01049A000200020002-2 41 Approved For?Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP79,101049A000200020002-2 SECRET of e8seztia1.ity Ia wzknorn, but probably not great. rmal yearly pre-war consumption Lor all of Germany sea 500 production eas 100 tons the principal source of the ore being S&wny in the Soviet Zone. The rest as Imported, chiefly from Africa. PrroducUon or import of Cobalt is not meationed in Soviet Zone prothction lams or trade aresnnts. It may, hoeever, be included under the general term nalloya * but in any ease in very small amounts. 2. Stratelic grade Mica Degree of essentiality is apparently not great. No mica is produced in Germany. Pre-ear req for all G.any were around 1,000 tons annually, which increased to 1,800 tona after 1937. sourceThe cZ4ef of supply was India (80 percent), with *mall amounts from Uie US UE, gentina, Madagascar Brasil and South Africa. During the war obtainedit wae from Norway and the Balkans. Present requireeents are unknown and the material is seldom mentioned in official documents* In the 1949 trade agreement with Bulgaria, mica was specified as an Soviet Zone imports, and delivery of 10 tons as reported. November 1949 import figeres show imports of $2,750 worth of mica powders froni Yugoslavia and #6,000 from Rumania. 3. Cor4ap fibers (Jute* sisal, hemp) Degree of essentiality is probab great. Armr Intelligence Report of 14 February 1950 stated: "The Bast fiber industr7 of the Soviet Zone has suffered from the very inadequate raw material supply. In October 1949, the VVB Bast Fiber received offers for flax delivery froaLEOpt. Several hundred tone of hemp from Manila are espected and 200 tons of he re allocated from South-Eaat Europe. An Istanbul firm offered to sell the VYB jute products from Turkey. 1 Prase t reqairements are unknown. Hemp production in the Soviet Zone in 1947 was 814 tons; in 1948 it 000 tons (planned). No infornation is available on steal or jute. The fiber industry is included under 'textiles in 3oviet Zone reports and no breakdown is generally given for its components. SECRET Approved For Release 2000/04/184 1A-RDP79T01049A000200020002-2 Approved For.pelease 2000/04/SECk-RDP74101049A000200020002-2 19 trade ag to the Soviet Zone. lt949 Imports USSR Tisgoslavia Czechoslovakia USSR t 9 months): nt, 17 tons of hemp 351 t 90 n of hemp and jute 16614*?"" delivered 596,220 de Vere of worth of hemp and oakum 1,375,220 florina of Tug? avis hard hemp. _ion plan calls for imports of Tn. Degree of essentiality is ably not at. Present requirements are unknown. Grap 000 quantities in Germany, principally in Bavaria and the largest refinery was near Munich. In 1938 output was 28,106 bane and imports 3,728 tons, Annual nauvtion was believed to be around 12,000 tons normally, and soca was exported, The Soviet Zone may be getting graphite from this no information is available on the subject. Principal pre -w were Austria, Czecho5lovakta and Norway. Imports: 1948 (?let 6 months) Czechoslovakia 1949 (1st 9 maths) Italy 1949 (1st 6 months) Hungary The 1949 trade agreement with Hungary vi graphite electrodes, no figures given. The 1949 Czechoslovakia agreement call and graphite coolers for hydrochloric acid. 5.Nercur, Degree of essentiality is probably great. Present requirements are unknown. Pre-war requiremanta were large, averaging 660 tons annually up to 1939. German ore deposits ara very few and of no commercial value. Domestic output for all Germany from domeQtic ore in 1939 was 120 tons; imports were 1,100 tons. dartime supplies were obtained from Poland, Francs and the Netherlands. es, although ere Approved For Release 2000/04a 1RDP79T01049A000200020002-2 Approved For*Release 2000/04/ ErDP79.101049A000200020002-2 ? Switzerland 17 tons bigoslavia 2 USSR 156 tons Czechoslovakia 20 n Yugoslavia 71n USSR 1,151 flasks Italy 936 " Yugoslavia 1,302 Csechoslovakia 599 " USSR Switzerland Tagoslavia 519 of 15 October 1 oauwably from the 4eet Degre obtained 90 tons 6 reported20 two vered to the via Gutenfuer t and 30 tons delivered via the ts. 1.930 reportShowed a $10,000 compensation deal of fever thermometers for mere of sesen is probably pal German tin deposits are located in the viet Zone reported nearly exhausted and wartime output din not 7. Pre-uar imports for all Germany averaged 4,000 tons from Netherlands East Indies, British India and Malaya Present requirements are unknown. Soviet Zone tin production in 1948 Was reported to he 46.2 tons plus 113.6 tons of tin concentrates. fr man uxispcified sours() ha) USSR Switzerland Netherlands ftedea 362 d 1 ton 8$ tone 3? lug tin valued at 2,667,200 Be g. Present requirements are unknown. GQrmn wartine indust wore estimated at 500 000 carats annually. t Zone needs are p considerably less than this, but great efforts are male to attain from all sources, principally through illegal channels not reporte al statistics. Approved For Release 2000/04/184 IP79101049A00020002000272 ' / Approved ForZelease 2000/04/3ECIlerDP7W1049A000200020002-2 9* 6 Netherlands SWitzerland USSR 6,444 carats 640 0 321 USSR 8,221 pieceo 18,129 earats Sw.ttserlan 2,18k piecee ? Netherlands France 1949, 107,000 Swiss francs worth ot industrial rted from Switzerland. 3,499 carets 1.828 pieces 13,282 carats 2,764 carats bbe itzerland lgium 1, Switzerland 32,310 gree of essentiality is not great. Enough synthetic rubber (buna) is manufactured to et zonal Joh are kept very low. Production of buna in 1948 was tons in 1941, 29,000 tons (planned). About two-thirds is taken ort or rations. e of natural rubber are impo d. t 9 months) Netherlands 449 t 9 months) Netherlands USSR 1949 - 1,386,000 florina worth o received from Netherlands. - 30,142 pounds sterling wor received from London. ]a &&c Fats Pratau. of essentiality is probably grea 28 tonS 1,270 tons 424 " Actual requirements are unknown. Zonal regairemente are not being and the Zone her 1948 the works near gel)' dependent on imports. shipped 115 tons of sunflower oil to the den, and 26 tank cars of cottonseed oil to 'Prom February to May 1949 the ussa delivered 12,000 tons of edLbi ,000 s of vegetable and 5,000 tons of animal). The 1949 trade agreementwith Hungary called for the import of r oil, castor oil, and hemp. Approved For Release 20QQ/Q4/18 : atuE IVRDP79T01049A000200020002-2 Approved Foraelease 2000/o6pAipjk-RDP79,101049A000200020002-2 ?WIC' addit e reported in 1949 (let 9 s)t Switzerland 10 tens Netherlands 1,412 " Norway 312 is In addition the USSR was reported to have delivered 3,498 tons of margarine and 4,976 tons of butter in 1949. Small quantities of edible oils were received from Danmark (15 tons) and China (6 tons). 10. teether Degree of essentiality is believed great. Actual .requirements are unknown. Requirements of synthetic rubber and other ersatz naterials. Alma for the first 9 months of 1949 were: From Poland 20 tone Switzerland 1 ton Someden 85 tons met out U. Cenver Deeree of essentiality is probably great. Copper production in 1949 from the Mansfeld mines was around 2,000 tons of metal per month. Zonal requirements are unknown, but considerable amounts of copper are imported in order to meet them, or possibly for reshlvnt. Imports: 1948 (let 6 months) US sR 2,700 tons 1948 (let 9 m(lths) UK 40, ,t 1948 (1st 9 months) USSR 4,906 " 0 Switzerland 275 " 1949 (1st 3 nthe) Belgium 368 a 1949 (1st 9 months) US& 2,749 It0 0 a Czechoslovakia Switzerland 76 511 n It 0 IMgoslawia 502 12. Co tamp gree of essentiality is not great. The Soviet Zone is entirely dependent upon outside sources fork supplies of raw cotton. Decease of the difficulty of eecur - rere eoz o the USSR has been expanding the artificial fiber industry of the one and normal yearly requirements have been very irregular depending upon thr, extent to which the USSR has been able to supply the mills with raw Mtria In 1947 the USSR 'delivered 21,400 tons of rawcotton to the Sovtet , i , SECRET ,1 ,\ , \ , Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIAAr79T01049A0002000200024, \ Approved Foraelease 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP79,101049A000200020002-2 only 7 Soviet Zo SURE . Deliveries in 1949 are n, <hough an ement of imports for the first quarter of 1949 includes 1,903 tons of cotton, aource of supply not given. Any Army Intelligence Report of 23 February 1950 states that improved raw meter al receipts from the USbilt made possible increased textile production in the last quarter of 1949. Due to deliveriee of ?considerable quantities of Egyptian cotton, the 39 mille in the VVB textile combine were said to have enough material to last them until the end of the year. Textile production plans for 1950 call for the import of 18,000 tons of cotton, source of supply not given. Nothing is known regarding degree of fulfillment of this plan. sten and )o1ybdenwn of eseentialit is believed to be great. Ketther mineral is found in Germany, which obtained its pre plies from the US, China India, Burma and Bolivia. In 1938 imports of tungsten (12,000 tons) and molybdenum (5,000 tons) reached a peak, Tungsten production in 1948 was 78.7 tons, exclusive of SAOte. Soviet Zone imports have been email but the supply rainy regular, Th 48 trade agreement with Sweden called for delivery ofwispecified a a of both minerale. From July 1948 to June 1949 Sweden delivered 300,000 kronor worth of tungsten and molybdenum. The 1949 trade agreement with Switzerl-nd called for delivery of 500 kg of tungsten wire ?d 300 kg of molybdenum wire. Other tmports: 1242 (1st 9 n ha) USSR 12.42 (D6ce 1 ton of tun sten anti molybe denum wire. Switzerland 4 toss Denmark 1 ton Sweden 61 tone 17,000 florins worth of tungsten wire ac from The Netherlands. 11,230 Seise franca worth of molybdenum and 2,640 Swiss francs worth of tune Switzerland. 12121,790 &vise francs worth of tungsten from Netherlands. Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP79T01049A000200020002-2 47 Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP79T01049A000200020002-2 SECRET kat Degree of esaentiality Ia probably great. Requirements are unknown, but are probably not b1ng t becue he lead industry was always greatly dependent upon imports. About 80 percent of the lead-zinc ores in Germany are located in the Soviet Zone. Production in 1948 wag' 1241 997 tons, exclusive of SAG a. of lead or lead concentrates: let 9 months) Ii fl et Switzerland 125 tans USSR 3,709 Yugoslavia 1,034 Poland 3,000 /I 19i9 (1st 9 months) USSR 2,653 Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : Crpk1RDP79T01049A000200020002-2