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December 22, 2016
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October 24, 2011
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February 10, 1953
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Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/25 :CIA-RDP80-00809A000700100484-2 CLASSIFICATION COTVF'IDENT.IAL CENTRALS NELL GENCEAGENCY INFORMATION FROM FOREIGN DOCUMENTS OR RADIO BROADCASTS REPORT CD NO. DATE OF SUBJECT Scientific - FScpeditiona, personalities, INFORMATION 1952 institutes HO'.. PUBLISHED Daily newspapers DATE DIST. / O Feb 1953 WHERE PUBLISHED Usst DATE PUBLISHED 7 Sep - 16 Nw 1952 LANGUAGE Russian "'? r"? ' ? t. 000[. ? ulfxDt D. Irf 1rNfII.StIDx O. fivt. urw. er m cownxrs ro ollffaurr n .r. u..ut.o Ino rufD. u NO. OF PAGES 5 SUPPLEMENT TJ REPORT N0. THIS IS UNEVALUATED INFORMATION SffiC DAIS FOR LOCAL IlIIDUSTRY -- Mlnak, Sovetskaya Beloruaslya, 13 Sep 52 The Belorussian Geological Administration is doing extensive work in the '' search for useful minerals for the needs oP local industry is the Beloruasiau SSR and adJacent republics. A Joint expedition led by M. Ivash is conducting a search for local deposits of clay and chalk suitable for the production of building materials. Ln the Minsk area, a deep well is being drilled for the purpose of utilizing mineral waters for medicinal purposes, Using them as a base, it is proposed to conatrurt a hydropathic establishment. 5 GROUPS OPFT.tATII:,; 1N AZF~2AAypZgpN SSR __ Baku, Bckinekiy Rsbcchiy, 17 Eep 52 The Institute of Geography, Academy of Sciences Azerbaydzhan SSR, has egiiipped five expeditions in different areas of the republic. A climatic ex- peditioa.hsa been working on the southern elopes oP the Great Caucasus Mountains (in the Rukha Zakataly, and other areas), with the teak of selecting land where climatic conditions are suitable for tea cultivation.. The expedition investigated the upper strata of the atmosphere. Valuable information was obtained about temperature, ais currents, humidity, and pressure at different levels. The members of the expedition also?mad'e observations of the pecrllarities of the microclimate in the neighborhood of tea plantations, The climatic and microclimatic facts gathered by the e.Ypeaiti m a.~e important for determining the Possibility of tea cultivation and potential yields in the investigated regions. NA~'~' NSRR -~--{ AIR FBI I I DISTRIBUTION ~~ I -~ 50X1-HUM Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/25 :CIA-RDP80-00809A000700100484-2 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/25: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700100484-2 Climatic expeditions were also sent to the Mingechaur area and to the terri- tory of the western group of state shelter belts. The first studied the climatic peculiarities of the flature Mingechaur Seas and the second the influence of shel- ter belts on the surrounding locality. A hydrological expedition is studying the water reserves of Azerbaydzhan SSR rivers. The Institute of Geography is xorking at present on a chart oP the geomor- phology of the Azerbaydzhan SSE;, A geomorphological eupedition was equipped to gather material for the drawing of this map It xent to the northeastern elopes of the Little Caucasus Mountains within the limits of the Murovdag and SEuilchdag ridges and explored the little-lmown high mountainous portion Afterward, the expedition visited the northern slopes of the Gyamyah Mountains and the Murov- ' dog Ridge area of the Kyapaz Mountains. It then crossed the upper course of the Dzegamchay River in the central part of the Shakhdag Ridge and went on to Lake Sever., The geomoI'Phologiste have made a general description of the relief of all the explored section and have revealed previously untmowa areas of ancient glaci- ation in the Shakhdag Ridge. ~~ ~~~~ ~~ BY ~' TSD~'YANSXAYA SEA -- Kishinev, Sovetskaya Moldaviya, 18 3eP 52 Scientific expeditions studying the varied problems connected with the crea- tion of the Tsimlyanskays Sea include a large scientific research expedition of the Scientific Research Institu*.e of Lake and River Fishing, led by Professor Dryagin, Doctor of Biological Sciences, which ie working in the area around the ftizhne-Chirakaya station. It is studying the formation of the reservoir, its hydrological system, spawning conditions for fish, and the food base for the de- velopment of fiehinq, The material gathered by the expedition will make it pos_ sible to draw conclusions about the possibilities of developing fishing in the Teimlyanskaya Sea. Groups of a large point expedition of the Institute of Geography, Acadenpr of Sciences USSR, are working Sn the Kalach, ttizhne-Chirakaya, Kotel~nikovskiy, Tsimlyanekaya and other areas immediately adjacent to the shores of the Tsiml- yansl~ya Sea. The expedition Ss covering a vast territory extending from the northwestern shores of the Tsimlyanakaya Sea, to the eastern boundaries of wes- tern Kazakh SSR. In this area are located the Tsimlyanekaya Sea, the Volgn-, ,Don Canal, the Stalingrad I~Ydroelectric Pro,~ect, snd large irrigation systems under construction. The purpose of the expedition is to study the econamic- geographic conditions of areas around the giant hydroelectric Pro,~ects, acid changes in the economy of these regions caused by the creation oY large reser- voirs and canals. E7CPI,C&tE PREHISTORIC SETTLE.+L~NTS OF EASTF3tft SLBERIA __ Moscow, Trull, 27 SeP 52 T:,e Angara Archaeological Expedition of the Insl:ltute of the Ristory of :taterisl Culture, Academy of Sciences USSR has been working for 4 months in Eastern Siberls. Members of the expedition are studying the ancient archaeclogical monuments oP Easters Siberia. They have explored the ruins cf a settlement of hunters and fishermen xho lived there 10,000 to 15,000 years ago. They Pound stone hearths, stone instruments, bones of animals and fish, and harpoons made of bone for catching fish. The nature of these discoveries indicates a connection between the people who lived here end tribes in Mongolia and Northern China. 50X1-HUM Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/25: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700100484-2 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/25: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700100484-2 ~ Iron-ameltiag equipment found on islands in the Angara River is especially interesting and seems to prove that these islands were the center of iron smelting in the Lake Bagkal region. In the Kula River area, an ancient city site xas found, where stone slabs xith designs representing horsemen, human figures, and the hunt were uncovered. This discovery gives valuable information about the habits and customs of the inhabitants of Easters Siberia. and students of the Chita Pedagogi al Institutettookgo~iakays ASSR investigations. part in the archaeo ogicals STUflY BIRDS THAT PREY Oft FISH -- Alma-Ate, Kazakhstanska ya Frauds, T Sep 52 The expedition of the Zoological Museum of Moscor, State University has re- turned to Moacov from the K82~ S~ N A Gladkov, Doctor of Biolo + encee and Stalin prize Wisner, gave the following information to a Kazakh Pravda corree g. cal sci- pondent: The study of birds that prey on fish has been conducted for 3 years in the Aral and Caspian seas. The struggle with these enemies of Pishisg has significance is these bodies of water, where ae a result of the pro~ecta, xater conditions have c Brest ly employed, xlde hanged and ertificlsl fish cult~ation will beioa The cormorant xhich sets as much as 800 grams of fish per day has been ea- ~o~~Y damaging to fishing. In the search for mesa neati we explored the northern shore of the Caspian from Astrakhang ~ ~,~ c~ornats, northern shore of Mangyahlnk peninsula, sad the southeastern share ofySaratbo Gol Gulf. For the first time in the history of ornithology, we em 1 recoanaieeance. ~z P Dyed aerial It was determined that the cormorants f]y north beyond Fort Shevchenko in the second half of summer Part of them fly to the Aral See. In 1948, Z ringed several cormorants on islands in the Aral Sea. This year, one of the hunters of Baytino village, Shevchenkovakiy Rayon, Gur~yevakeya Oblast, gave me a ring that xas found on a bird killed by him, On the steep capes, we found traces of a former mass nesting place of birds. Evident]~? the cormorants had abandoned the nesting place when the local inhabi- tants Frightened ahem away, p small colony of cormorants xas f small, stony island of Y.oa-Kuduk. During our 2-month stay in the~Cae~y oa ttie lected many nex facts about the feeding of birds that per, wa col- tribution in the nesting Perio3, but the Prey on fish and the L* dis- ~~o~? Hcp].oration of the shores of the Cas ianthnlKpmaBa reproduction remains ues. The?sthc~y of these birds mskces it possible ~' js' territory contin- oY combating rhea.. Lo develop more effective methods CONDUCT SOIL IMFROYF;MENp IHi~ESTIGATIONS -- Frunze Sovetskaya Kirgiziys, 26 Oct 52 ~ 25 October, the soil expedition of the Institute of Soil Science, Academy of Sciences Ka?akh SSR, returned to Alma-Ate. The members of the expedition spent almost 6 months in the northern Caspian region, where they conducted soil igprovemeat investigations is the areas to be irrigated and supplied with xater by the Volga-Ural Gravity Canal. Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/25: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700100484-2 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/25: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700100484-2 The Kazakh scientists have discovered sizable arena of bxova, chestnut, and other soils in regions which were considered unsuitable for agriculture but which can be utilized for the cultivation of many crops. The expedition~e study of the physical qualities of the water and the salinity of the Boil in the Caspian Lowland, has aroused much scientific and practical in- terest. The huge amount of materiel assembled by the expedition makes it possible to begin the develop?ent of agrotechniques for the cultivation of agricultural crops in the light chestnut and brava soils of the Caepisa Lowland, the ancient delta region of the IIral River, and the Caspian shore areas. STUDY GLACffit SYSTEhS -- Alma-Ata, Kazakhstanskaya Pravda, 16 Sep 52 Several days ago, the expedition of the Sector of Qeography of the Acadeay of Sciences Kazakh SSR returned t?? Alma-Ata from the glaciers of the Dzhungrrakly Ala-Tau Mountains. Za the Dzhungarskiy ALs-Tau Mountains ere found the sources of the rivers which water the fertile valleys and foothills, with their ever-increasing rice, sad sugar beet, truck garden, cucurblt, and orchard crops. The power of the falling waters oP these rivers moves the turbines of the hydroelectric stations. The study of the glaciers of the Dzhungarskiy Ala-Tau Mountains was begun comparatively recently. Beginning in 1947, expeditions for the exploration ~f the glaciers of the Dzhungarakiy Ala-Tau were conducted by the Sector of Qeography of the Academe of Sciences Kazakh SSR under the direction of A. Pal~gov, Doctor of Geographic Sciences. Since that time the upper courses oP the Lepsa, Khor, and Bol~ehoy and Malyy Balkan rivers have been explored. More than 20 glaciers with a total area of 80 square kilometers have been counted at the sources oP these rivers. Special attention is being given to the study of these glacier systems. RECORD ffiSTORICAL F~tA I1V CENTRAL ASIA __ Frunze, Sovetskaya Kirglziya, 16 How 52 Aa expedition of the State Historical Museum, which has been working in various regions oY Central Axis, has returned to Moecaw. The members of the ex- pedition visited Leninabad; Stalinabad, Fergana, Kokand, Margelan, Ura-Tyube, and other cities in the Uzbek SSR and Tadzhik SSR. They continued their work, begun last year, on the history of the peoples of Central Asia in the second half of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries. At Kokand, they acquired materials that showed the conditions of labor sad life oP the handicraft workers and tradesmen of that period. The members of t.~e expedition recorded more than 80 stories of old peasants and workers. They brought back about 200 different articles reflecting the liv- ing conditions, creative work, and trades of the peoples oY the Uzbek and Tadzhik SSR. Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/25: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700100484-2 Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/25 :CIA-RDP80-00809A000700100484-2 coxF~~, z~avs P~ ~ cA~ru, z~ __ Alma-Ata, Kazakhatans$ay8 Pravda, 14 Sep 52 encesA sex detachment ~ ~ Joint Aral-Cas inn F~cpedition of the Acade~+ of Sci- ha~ left Moecov for p eeahemiaten T~eO~pedition~]el considerab ~Ydx'ologia1te~ ge ~='Pholc~s~tet a~a8e exDloratioa of the natural wealth ~ ~~~ the work connected with the the zO?e of the l~Inia Turlmtien Caaeladad~ithe construction of irrigation systems is ng the present year. Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/25 :CIA-RDP80-00809A000700100484-2