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April 10, 1958
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Approved For Release 2003/06/17: CIA-RE P80B01676R003gOO O22 7-- 10 April 1958 LOW B. KIP"ATRICK Inspector General ACCE r g FQr le se 2 O0.WO6/17 : )PIA-RDP80BD1676R003200170022-7 d~ Q ! G -7r e-Q-Q~ ~M . (~ .9-aq~,?_.? clMe.',,..,K, q S Y Dal /V A-P>P, MEMORANDUM FOR: Director of Central Intelligence 5 d,D SUBJECT . Request to Address the American Society for 4 Ad Industrial Security, 1030, 16 September 1958 1. On 9 April Milton D. Ladd, former Assistant Director of the FBI and currently the Executive Director of the American Society for Industrial Security, came in to ask if you would accept an invitation to deliver the keynote address opening the annual convention of the Society. The convention this year will deal with the theme "The Scientist, Engineer and Security." They expect to have about 500 delegates to the convention, which will be held at The Shoreham, and are anxious to have you as their principal speaker. Mr. Ladd left me the attached brochure and quarterly publication. 2. I have checked with Security who advised me that this organiza- tion consists of the principal security officers of all of the major corporations in the United States and that several of our former employees was the principal speaker 25 at last year's convention. It is possible that this might be a good media to talk to individuals with whom both our Security Office and Con- tact Division deal. 3. If you are willing to make the address, I will so advise Ladd and a formal invitation will be sent to you by the.President of the organization. 25 Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 REGIONAL VICE PRESIDENTS FOR 1957-58 ERNEST E. FELAGO (Acting) ...................... NORTH EAST REGION General Precision Equipment Co. Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, New York, New York New York, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Jersey, Rhode Island TED D. TRACKLER .........................................EAST CENTRAL REGION Aluminum Co. of America Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Virginia, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Maryland, District of Columbia, Delaware MAJ. CHESTER R. ALLEN ..............................SOUTH EAST REGION United States Army Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, Fort Gordon, Georgia Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Florida JOHN M. FISHER .........................................GREAT LAKES REGION Sears, Roebuck & Company Michigan, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Ohio Chicago, Illinois K. C. FLORY ................................................NORTH CENTRAL REGION Allis-Chalmers Mfg. Co. Wisconsin, Minnesota, North Dakota, Iowa Milwaukee, Wisconsin South Dakota, Nebraska, Montana, Wyoming EDWIN A. SCHURMAN ................................SOUTH CENTRAL REGION Bell Helicopter Corp. Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, Missouri, Fort Worth, Texas New Mexico, Arkansas, Louisiana, Texas RICHARD J. HEALY ......................................WESTERN REGION The Ramo-Wooldridge Corp. Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Utah, Nevada, Los Angeles, California Arizona, California HONORARY MEMBERS 1955 Award THE HONORABLE J. EDGAR HOOVER Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation Department of Justice Washington, D. C. 1956 Award THE HONORABLE CARTER L. BURGESS President, American Machine and Foundry Co. 261 Madison Ave., New York 16, New York 1957 Award THE HONORABLE JOSEPH F. CARROLL Major General, United States Air Force Deputy Commander in Chief Headquarters U. S. Air Forces in Europe APO 633, New York City 1957 Award THE HONORABLE LOYD WRIGHT Past President American Bar Association and Chairman Commission on Government Security Los Angeles, California american society for industrial security Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 rn Approved For Release 2003/06/17 a merica n society for industrial security National Headquarters: 317 Investment Building, 1511 K Street, Washington 5, D. C. District 7-4986 - District 7-1649 OFFICERS 1957-1958 President First Vice President Second Vice President Secretary Treasurer DIRECTORS Chairman of the Board 1 year to serve 1957-1958 2 years to serve 1957-1959 3 years to serve 1957-1960 ALBERT T. DEERE WILLIAM Y. HUMPHREYS JOHN L. BUCKLEY ERIC L. BARR, JR. LAWRENCE P. BUCHMAN RUSSELL E. WHITE ERIC L. BARR, JR. Electric Boat Division, General Dynamics Corporation, Groton, Connecticut JOHN L. BUCKLEY Varian Associates, Palo Alto, California WILLIAM H. CORRIGAN Ford Motor Company, Dearborn, Michigan ALBERT T. DEERE The Dow Chemical Comany, Freeport, Texas RICHARD H. LOWE Socony Mobil Oil Company, Inc., New York, New York LAWRENCE P. BUCHMAN The Martin Company, Baltimore, Maryland WILLIAM H. McLAUGHLIN Pratt & Whitney Aircraft Division, United Aircraft Corporation, West Palm Beach, Florida GEORGE H. SIMPSON International Business Machines Corporation, New York, New York WILLIAM M. TODD Lockheed Aircraft Corporation, Burbank, California PAUL HANSEN Reynolds Metals Company, Louisville, Kentucky WILLIAM Y. HUMPHREYS United Aircraft Corporation, East Hartford, Connecticut A. ROSS MILLER North American Aviation, IA DV"cPbICFk&e}XSe RUSSELL E. WHITE CIA-RDP80B01676R003200170022-7 INDUSTRIAL SECURITY HAS COME OF AGE INDUSTRIAL SECURITY and protection have become an integral unit of modern American business organization. It has attained a status com- mensurate with other industrial professions. Its problems are ever changing, its responsibilities steadily increasing. Security is a relatively new phase of industrial organization. It was born of a determination that our national industrial capacity shall be pre- served, protected and strengthened to meet the recurrent crises of the times. Its growth proves the acceptance by management of the need for a permanent department charged with safeguarding and securing employ- ees, property and other corporate interests. Management has accorded professional status to security. Security di- rectors and supervisors have taken a permanent place in the various echelons of industry and business. They stand alongside the engineers, the metallur- gists, the chemists, the accountants, the personnel specialists, the industrial relationists and other recognized professional men. BENEFITS OF COLLABORATION AND ORGANIZATION Industrial security directors and supervisors for some time have felt the need of a means for channeling their varied experiences into a common reservoir of professional knowledge. The ideas, methods, techniques, and other factual data developed in one area of industry could be invaluable to other areas in a purely economic sense. In the past, industries have cooperated for their mutual benefit in the formation of great industrial associations. The component departments of industry have also cooperated in adding to general knowledge and rais- ing the standards of their profession through the formation of professional societies and associations. This has been done in engineering, chemistry, accounting, personnel, advertising, sales and numerous other fields. The safety of our people generally, and especially of industrial per- sonnel, could not have been brought to its present high level without the nation-wide activities of the National Safety Council. Fire protection in the United States would still be in embryo and without recognized stand- ards were it not for the collated efforts of the National Fire Protection Association. The American Medical Association and the American Bar Association are classic examples of professional men and women joining together to elevate and maintain their standards and promote the exchange of professional knowledge. Cooperation in the field of industrial security and protection can and will benefit American industry. It will ultimately assure those advantages to its members which the members of other similar organizations have received and benefited from. The Society has already established itself and through its efforts industrial security is now recognized as a.profession. It has become the leading source of information concerning practices, meth- 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP8OBOI6 lR0033200100 -jft this important field. Approved For Release 2003/06/1 A NATIONAL SOCIETY OFFERS ADDITIONAL BENEFITS Notwithstanding the excellent work done by small, local and special ecurity groups, a national organization provides a vehicle for collecting nd combining the thought and opinion on security from the whole of ndustry. This thought and opinion is consolidated to assist in formulating tandards and policy for both government and industry. A national society unifies industrial security supervisors into one rec- 'gnized professional society. This unity and consolidation result in the tation-wide exchange of ideas, techniques and methods of operation. The aultiple advantages through this increased and collated general knowledge re conducive to more efficient and effective methods of administering 2curity. Industrial security is moving forward with greatly increased effec- iveness and stature to benefit and buttress the nation's industrial system. he bond between industrial security and national industrial strength has lade this society not only desirable, but vitally necessary. A NATIONAL SOCIETY IS FORMED In recognition of the above factors, and in order to consolidate these lvantages, the American Society for Industrial Security was chartered in e State of Delaware on January 21, 1955. It was not intended that ASIS e just another security group, but that it be the recognized national rofessional society for industrial security in the United States. ASIS, as a national professional organization, works to effect the many ictors listed herein as being within its prerogative and purview. A state- tent of such broad scope of activity in itself promises l'itle real success, nless there is present also an intention to achieve the goals specified. ASIS cognizes this responsibility and this inherent challenge. To this end, research and study on current security and protection roblems are carried out by various committees. The findings of each com- ,ittee are given to the general membership for its information and use. The Society confers and consults with appropriate government officials matters relating to the administration and enforcement of security regu- tions to bring about a better understanding between industry and govern- ent. Special attention is focused on the problems of classified contracts id security risks in industry. MEMBERSHIP DIRECTORY The Society publishes a membership directory for the official use of members. This enables security supervisors to keen in more intimate ,ntact with other members of the profession, and when need be, to en- ;t the help and cooperation of each other. This directory is a valuable d to securitysupervisors in handling visit approvals relating to classified ,ntracts, as provided in current Department of Defense security regulations, ,d in innumerable other ways. PUBLICATIONS reflects the experiences and observations of qualified men in security and related fields and contributes to the ability of security supervisors to do a better job. The magazine offers a vehicle for suppliers' advertising and also contains factual, informative, and entertaining accounts of cases investigated either within or outside of industry. The Society publishes a monthly newsletter of personal happenings and acquaints the membership with urgent current problems which fosters a sense of unity and esprit de corps. Special pamphlets and other media are published and distributed to members as occasion demands. THE SOCIETY'S HISTORY TO DATE In less than three years, the Society has grown rapidly. Its member- ship exceeds 1,000 nationally and is growing constantly. As of 1958, ASIS chapters are operating in 16 cities of the seven regions, many other chapters are in the formative stage and numerous others are contemplated. ASIS strives for quality membership and the Society is unique in the nature and extent of the support, approval and acceptance which it has won within the profession in so brief a period of activity. The Society has estab- lished its national headquarters staff in the Investment Building, in Wash- ington, D. C. The Society holds national annual seminars. Papers submitted on various subjects at seminar sessions attract much notice in the profession because of their thoroughness, stimulating interest and careful preparation. The various suppliers who exhibit at these seminars are pleased with the opportunity afforded them to display new techniques and technological devices which now buttress security in the electronic age. On the operating level, various committees are engaged in diverse and multiple complicated security and protection problems. Their efforts serve to underline in a most positive way that ASIS is a working, constructive force on the national scene. The Society furnished, upon request, a lengthy staff report to the "Commission on Government Security," a portion of which report was included in the final draft to Congress. This research represents collated opinions and was designed to give the Commission an accurate and ample account of the security supervisor's reactions and rec- ommendations with regard to the problems under study. Management has accepted the aims and purposes of the Society and has, in fact, shown a keen desire for its success. Government has accepted the idea of the Society in every reasonable way to assure its progress. The public has accepted ASIS with sympathetic reaction- and warm and sincere interest. INVITATION TO MEMBERSHIP Those handling the responsibilities of industrial security are better equipped to discharge their duties by affiliating with ASIS. Membership assures management a direct and real -benefit by a more efficient and eco- i d i nom c a m nistration of its security and protection departments. The Society quarterly publishes a magazine entitled Industrial Those who wish to apply for membership are requested to write curity, which is the recognized professional journal of security. This ASIS Headquarters in Washington, D. C., or contact a member, for further ,blication contains timely articles on various *~ 6 'dsFfdVfi leW342003/06/17 : CIA-IRbftOE M676iR00a200170b22-7 Approved-For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 MEMBERSHIP REQUIREMENTS The following are excerpts from the bylaws of the American Society for Industrial Security regarding membership qualifications: mittee by notice to the National Secretary, according to their new oc- cupations or fields of endeavor; provided further they pay the dues re- quired of them in their new category of membership; and provided fur- ther, however, that no member of the Board of Directors shall be so reclassified until the expiration of his current term on the Board. (f) No individual shall be eligible for membership who is not 21 years of age or over and any member may resign in writing if he is under no liability to the Society at the time. Section 1. The membership of the Society shall include the following Section 2. Application for membership shall be made in writing in such four classes of members: active, associate, government, and honorary. form as the Membership Committee may from time to time determine. (a) Active members shall be those officers, directors and employees in Each applicant for membership shall furnish such references as the Mem- industry who are responsible for any prime industrial security function bership Committee may require. Each person who applies for member- of a corporation, company, division, plant or facility, in a line super- ship from a locality in which a chapter has been chartered, shall have visory, corporate staff, or corporate administrative capacity. Persons who his application reviewed and endorsed as to character, reputation, and qualify as active members may elect to apply as associate members. business affiliation, by an appropriate committee of the local chapter. Each person who applies for membership from a locality in which no (b) Associate members shall be those officers, directors and employees chapter has been chartered, shall have his application for membership in industry who are active in any prime industrial security function reviewed and endorsed as to character, reputation, and business affili- of a corporation, company, division, plant, or facility, in a supervisory, ation by the Vice President of the Region in which that person resides. staff, professional, or investigative capacity. (c) Government members shall be those persons in government (fed- Section 3. The Membership Committee shall receive all applications, eral, state, county or municipal) who are employed in a supervisory, ad- properly endorsed by the chapter secretary acting for the appropriate ministrative, staff, or professional capacity, the nature of which is re- chapter committee or, when practicable, by the Regional Vice President. lated to industrial security. The committee shall examine each application and ultimately determine (d) Honorary members. The Board of Directors may in its discretion, the eligibility and suitability of each applicant on the basis of the required by the affirmative vote of a majority of all its members, designate and endorsement, these bylaws, their own examination, and such other investi- elect as honorary members of the Society individuals who are deemed gation as the committee may prescribe. to be outstanding in the field of business or corporate management, gov- ernment, operation or research or in any other field related to the pur- Section 4. The Membership Committee shall submit to the Board the poses of the Society. Honorary members shall be entitled to all privileges t name of each applicant deemed by said committee to be eligible and suit- of membership except the right to vote, hold office or take part in the able for membership, and approval of such applicant by majority of the management of the affairs of the Society, and shall not be required to directors present at a meeting of the Board shall he necessary for admis- pay any fees or dues or otherwise to contribute to the funds of the Society. sion to membership in the Society. (e) Those who hold membership in the Society as active, associate, or government members, and who retire, who are demoted or dis- Section 5. All members shall be entitled to receive a Certificate of Mem- charged, or who transfer from their jobs in industrial security to enter bership in such form as the Board may from time to time approve. If any another field, or go into business for themselves, may continue their such Certificate be issued, surrender of the same may be required, should membership in the Society at the pleasure of the Board; provided how- the Board so determine generally, or in particular cases, in connection ever, they shall automatically be reclassifiedP KkwddeFdieRI4 a 2003/06/17: CIA-RDP808blp6MFgOet34'C9( - b2t2l7rmination. of membership. ? -O 04w y y y U O Cl. 0) -T .n 0 'V W ?-'n Cd fd V Q! O .~ +oO "- c > a, h y O n r- V m v 4 ~ ~ u y cyd > cd tC O C r ~ ao E a, v v ?~ cs ?v 'b CO 0 V V w Cd SC U C) C O L y 4+ 4 ?b ~Vf to yy C) ' C C7 a. 0) 1-1 0) O jy 'O ^ 41 t, - proved Eo~R I se 2003/06/17 CIA-RDP80B01676R003200170022-7 V O C CJ (1) V T1 u V -6 R :3 O v w 4 O er O O C1. y , cO 0 C ~ 0 u .G C C O O a. 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C14 u O w C p?~ y v~ O C ~ '" v y O v '~ C .b m x c. O v [ y o? v v :6 L. C1 y ." C h A. O L+ O cd O C1 aVi a! 'r" _ C) Cd C1 G C H O a i+ V u .~ W C C ce C O O y y n. u ?Cl .0 y .ay E L4 L4 M 04 -0 CC cY1 y > V .r-.i C O C u cd C u - C. ti n _C VO) y C cd y 0 v V 1-4 N v .~ C ~ 2 Cl .1.i BOM 6ar6R0~320d1 P O:: Z T2 ?q" 8 o 0 ti V V s ay u N tE 4 u v 0 L v V O 4 q fc.L w C L "" > z C c o Q. Q N x 0 C H c W O G P .C a oz o c 0f Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : v z N (Q L z z na o a v a r " O ~ ao w 4 7 .n aLL 0 W c .x O 4 o I-~ ) C z N y a C) A o ci V C H 0 cz 0 z c 0 O ,N V ~ .1 Q o ti c 0 C z ~, o d 3 w a > W W Y ? A V N V x G W a .? CL a m x I z I z I O C) O 1- W d W C) z W W &ieRe6ase 2003 b6/17m cl4DP80~0~p676(Rf )34)Q570022-7 04 a to V 0 O i c O Approved For-Release 2003/06/17: CI-RDP80B01676RO03200170022-7 REGIONAL VICE PRESIDENTS FOR 1957-58 ERNEST E. FELAGO (Acting) ...................... NORTH EAST REGION General Precision Equipment Co. Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, New York, New York New York, Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Jersey, Rhode Island TED D. TRACKLER .........................................EAST CENTRAL REGION Aluminum Co. of America Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Virginia, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Maryland, District of Columbia, Delaware MAJ. CHESTER R. ALLEN .............................. SOUTH EAST REGION United States Army Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, Fort Gordon, Georgia Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Florida JOHN M. FISHER .........................................GREAT LAKES REGION Sears, Roebuck & Company Michigan, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Ohio Chicago, Illinois K. C. FLORY ................................................NORTH CENTRAL REGION Allis-Chalmers Mfg. Co. Wisconsin, Minnesota, North Dakota, Iowa Milwaukee, Wisconsin South Dakota, Nebraska, Montana, Wyoming EDWIN A. SCHURMAN ................................SOUTH CENTRAL REGION Bell Helicopter Corp. Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, Missouri, Fort Worth, Texas New Mexico, Arkansas, Louisiana, Texas RICHARD J. HEALY ......................................WESTERN REGION The Ramo-Wooldridge Corp. Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Utah, Nevada, Los Angeles, California Arizona, California HONORARY MEMBERS 1955 Award THE HONORABLE J. EDGAR HOOVER Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation Department of Justice Washington, D. C. 1956 Award THE HONORABLE CARTER L. BURGESS President, American Machine and Foundry Co. 261 Madison Ave., New York 16, New York 1957 Award THE HONORABLE JOSEPH F. CARROLL Major General, United States Air Force Deputy Commander in Chief Headquarters U. S. Air Forces in Europe APO 633, New York City 1957 Award THE HONORABLE LOYD WRIGHT Past President American Bar Association and Chairman Commission on Government Security Los Angeles, California VOL. I, No. 2 OCTOBER 1957 OF THE american society for industrial security Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80B01676R0032001700'22-7 Russell E. White President The American Society for Industrial Security Washington, D. C. To the members of the American Society for Industrial Security assembled in their third annual convention, I send greetings. The theme of your convention this year, "Industrial Security--Lifeguard of the Nation", exemplifies your mission to protect the industrial life of our country. For the welfare of our own people and our friends in the free world, it is vital that our plants and lines of communication be made secure from all potential hazards. I commend the efforts of your Society in bringing together trained personnel to meet this need with vision, intelligence, and a careful regard for the basic rights of our citizens. oUwight ob. eiienhower Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 `.Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 industrial security IN THIS ISSUE TOWARD A WORKING PROGRAM FOR INDUSTRIAL SECURITY Loyd Wright -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 5 OUR THIRD ANNUAL SEMINAR - Clarence Bracy ------------------------------ 8 THIRD ANNUAL SEMINAR HIGHLIGHTS ...............................:.............. 9 ASIS CONVENTION/SEMINAR SPEAKERS ------------------------------------------ 10 CONVENTION COMMITTEE REPORTS -------------------------------------------------- 12 FUNCTIONS OF THE SECURITY DIRECTOR IN INDUSTRY Timothy J. Walsh 14 INDUSTRIAL DEFENSE - WHAT IT MEANS TO YOU! Major Chester R. Allen and Captain Hugo C. Sanford ---------------- 16 THE ELECTRIC UTILITY INDUSTRY IN PEACETIME AND WARTIME EMERGENCIES -Thomas . J. Rouner ---------------------------- 18 SUITE 317 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 22 PUBLISHED BY "Industrial Security" is published quarterly by the American Society for Industrial Security, 317 Investment Building, Washington 5, D. C. Printed in U.S.A. Application for second-class mail privileges is pending at Washington, D. C. Sub- scription price $2.00 per year, domestic and foreign. OFFICERS President RUSSELL E. WHITE General Electric Co., Schnectady, N. Y. First Vice-President GEORGE H. SIMPSON International Business Machines Corp., New York, N. Y. Second Vice-President WILLIAM M. TODD Lockheed Aircraft Corp., Burbank, Calif. Secretary ERIC L. BARR General Dynamics Corp., Groton, Conn. Treasurer LAWRENCE P. BUCHMAN Glenn L. Martini Aircraft Co., Baltimore, Md. NATIONAL HEADQUARTERS Room 317, Investmpnt.Bldg, Washington, D. C.' Telephone: District 7-4986 DIRECTORS PAUL HANSEN, Chairman Reynolds Metals Co., Louisville, Ky. CLARENCE W. BRACY Plant Security, Inc., Washington, D. C. GLENN V. DIERST Boeing Airplane Co., Seattle, Wash. WILLIAM H. CORRIGAN Ford Motor Co., Dearborn, Mich. A. T. DEERE The Dow Chemical Co., Freeport, Texas RICHARD H. LOWE Socony-Mobile Oil Co., Inc., New York, N. Y. W. H. McLAUGHLIN United Aircraft Corp., Pratt & Whitney Div., West Palm Beach, Fla. REGIONAL VICE-PRESIDENTS Northeast ERWIN O. BLAIR Sylvania Electric Products, Inc. Bayside, N. Y. Central-East THOMAS M. O'CONNOR Bendix Aviation Corp., Towson, Md. Southeast FRANK J. McARDLE Sears Roebuck and Co., Atlanta, Ga. Great Lakes DELBERT L. WOOD Illinois Central R. R. Co., Chicago, III. North-Central KARSTEN C. FLORY Allis-Chalmers Mfg. Co., Milwaukee, Wisc. South-Central RICHARD E. SMITH Chance Vaught Aircraft Inc., Dallas, Texas Western JOHN L. CREIGHTON Standard Oil Co. of Calif., San Francisco, Calif. LEGAL COUNSEL GERARD P. KAVANAUGH Hercules Powder Co., Wilmington, Del. INDEX TO ADVERTISERS American District Telegraph Company.- 36 Auto-Photo Co., Inc ............................... 31 Best Universal Lock Co., Inc................. 23 Federal Services, Inc....... ..................... 7 Harco Industries, Inc............................. 13 Iron Mountain Atomic Storage Corp..... 29 Walter Kidde & Company, Inc ............. 15 Mosier Research Products, Inc............... 35 National Storage Company, Inc........... 27 Radio Corporation of America ------------ 11 Reynolds Metals Company -------------------- 21 Sargent & Greenleaf, Inc....................... 25 Whitehead & Co., Inc........................... 17 STAFF SECRETARY MISS VIRGINIA EGELSTON Room 317, Investment Bldg., Washington, D. C. EDITOR SIDNEY S. RUBENSTEIN Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80B01676R0032001.70022-7 AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR INDUSTRIAL SECURITY Code ol Ceh6 As members of the American Society for Industrial Security, we share a singular re- sponsibility for maintaining inviolate the integrity and trust of the industrial security profession. In discharging this responsibility, therefore, we mutually pledge that: 1. We will endeavor, under God, to perform our professional duties in accordance with the highest moral principles. II. We will direct our concerted efforts toward the support, protection, and defense of the United States of America. III. We will labor vigilantly and unceasingly to thwart the activities of individuals or groups who seek to change or destroy. our form of gov- ernment by unconstitutional means. IV. We will strive to strengthen the nation by securing and conserving its industrial facilities. V. We will be faithful and diligent in discharging the. duties entrusted to us, protecting the property and interests of employers and. safeguarding the lives and well-being of employees. VI. We will observe strictly the precepts of truth, justice, accuracy, and prudence. VII. We will respect and protect confidential and privileged information. VIII. We will promote programs designed to raise standards,. improve ef- ficiency, and increase the effectiveness of industrial security. IX. We will work together toward the achievement of tnie professional objectives of the Society. A plaque of the Code of Ethics will be given to each member attending the THIRD Annual Convection/Seminar in Washington. Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 Toward a Working Program for Industrial Security BY LOYD WRIGHT, CHAIRMAN COMMISSION ON GOVERNMENT SECURITY Lawyer; born and raised, San Jacinto, California. University of Southern California, 1915, LL. B. University of Ottawa, LL. D. Admitted to California Bar, 1915. Practiced continuously in Los Angeles since 1915, with exception of two years: 1917-1919. Service in Army: 'Served overseas as First Lieutenant in command of Company D, 8th Infantry, U. S. Army. Graduated from Civilian Course Command and General Staff School, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, January 1943. Served as member of Board of Ap- peals of the Attorney General for hearings of alien enemies, World War II. Member of Congressional Commission to study Federal Judicial and Con- gressional Salaries. Chairman, Commission on Govern- ment Security and various other Commissions of State and Federal Government. Past President, Los Angeles County Bar Association. Past President, State Bar of California. Past President, American Bar Associ- ation. Chairman of the House of Delegates of the International Bar Association. Vice President, Inter-American Bar Association. Past President, National Association of State Racing Commissioners; Or- der of Coif, Phi Delta Phi, Beatty Inn. The report of the Commission on Government Security was sub- mitted in June of this year,, and its recommendations are currently under study by the Congress, the Executive Branch, and interested private citizens and organizations. Bills have been introduced in the Senate and in the House of Representatives to 'effectuate Com- mission recommendations which require legislation for their imple- mentation. Hearings upon these proposals are expected to commence early next year when Congress reconvenes. The Commission's report is concerned with some ten divisions of the nation's security programs. Certainly one of the most vital of these, and the most extensive, is the Industrial Security Program. The Commission's proposals in this area are embodied in several bills. In the Senate S. 2414, introduced by Senator Norris Cotton and Sen- ator John Stennis, both Commission members, includes the recom- mended chapters, altering "The Industrial Personnel Security Pro- grams."2 Other similar bills have been introduced in the Senate and the House of Representatives.3 All these bills are also concerned with other phases of the Federal Security Program. On July 16, of this year, the Committee on Post Office and Civil Service of the House of Representatives heard testimony on the House bills. Further hearings were deferred in view of the imminence of Congressional adjournment. It is anticipated, however, that all these bills will be the subject of early Congressional action'on the recon- vening of the 85th Congress in January 1958. By that time, the Ad- ministration may be expected to have formulated its position on the Commission's recommendations as embodied in these bills, and to be prepared to act as well upon the Commission's proposals calling for Executive orders or directives. During this interim period, I welcome the opportunity to discuss through the medium of Industrial Security some of the principal recommendations of the Commission in this vital area. We of the Commission are deeply indebted to many of you who will read these pages. In industry, many gave freely of their time and counsel to the end that we might achieve an accurate and thorough comprehen- sion of the many problems with which industry is faced in this area. We received the aid of the officers and members of many organiza- tions, including the Aircraft Industries Association, the Chamber of 'Copies of-the Report dated June 21, 1957, are available through the Superintendent of Documnts, Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C. 'Introdueced June 27, 1957. 'S. 2399, introduced on June 26, 1957, by Senator Olin D. Johnston; H. R. 8322 and H. R. 8323, identical bills introduced by Representatives Torn Murray and Edward: H. Rees on June 24, 1957; and H. R. 8334, introduced by' Representative Edgar W. -Hies- tand on June 24, 195?. Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 i Commerce of tPL4,`4ge4t Fl~tel~~PtO(a~i~na1 Security Industrial Association. Your own American Society for Industrial Security prepared a most com- prehensive report for our consideration, representing the combined thinking of a large cross-section of firms experienced in this field. Officials of the Department of Defense, and the three military services, the Atomic Energy Commission, and other Governmental agen- cies in the industrial security field cooperated fully with the Commission and the members of our staff. If the assistance so generously offered us is typical of the spirit of mutual help between industry and gov- ernment, and I am sure that it is, the industrial secur- ity program and the defense of our Nation's produc- tive might is in good hands. Whatever comment may be made concerning our industrial security program, we must not forget that it has had a comparatively short history, with its for- mal beginning dating no earlier than World War 11.4 As one association put it "... it continues to suffer from growing pains necessitated by a rapid need for its existence without time for careful preparation. As each new problem arose, a solution has been fash- ioned which has caused the industrial security picture to resemble a patchwork quilt rather than a unified whole. This topsy-like growth is by no means limited to the industrial security area. The Senate Committee on Government Operations in reporting favorably on the bill to, create the Commission on Government Security stated:, ."The evidence before the Committee shows that our security system, has developed in a gradual and piece- meal manner over the past decade. It should receive a careful, comprehensive review by the representative, bipartisan Commission proposed in this bill."6 In Public Law 3047 which established the Commis- siori on ? Government Security the Congress found- "Itis vital to the welfare and safety of the United States that there be adequate protection of the national security, including the safeguarding of all national de- fense secrets and public and private defense installa- tions, against loss or compromise arising from espion- age, sabotage, disloyalty, subversive activities, or un- authorized disclosures." It therefore declared it to be the policy of the Con- gress: "That there shall exist a sound Government Program- (a) establishing procedures for ... appropriate securi- ty requirements with respect to persons privately em- ployed or occupied on work requiring access to national defense secrets or work affording significant opportuni- ty for injury to the national security." The Commission in its Report made recommenda- tions for the implementation of this policy as to an appropriate standard," security criteria,9 investigative 4For a summary of the history of the industrial security program, gthe Commission's Report ; p. 236 & ff. aort of the National Security Industrial Association to the Com- mission, dated October 31, 1956. Senate Report No. 581, to accompany S J. Res. 21, 84th Congress, 1st Session. 'Eighty-Fourth Congress, 1st Session, approved August 9, 1955. 'Commission'' on Government Security Report, p. 267. 'Commission on Government Security Report, p. 268 CIA-RDP80B01676R003200170022-7 procedures,11' screening procedures, security hearings and appeals,- and related matters. In conjunction with its study of clearance proce- dures the Commission examined the basic structures of the industrial security program, its objectives, poli- cies, and administration. We concluded that despite great progress in the last few years the program is far too large and complex, that it operates with less than maximum efficiency and economy, and has pro- duced a loss of perspective by contractors and Govern- ment alike. In our analysis of the program we addressed our at- tention to two principal questions: 1. Is a program of the present magnitude necessary to adequately protect the national security? 2. Can its present administration be reorganized to promote greater efficiency and economy without sacrifice. of the national security? From the evidence received, we felt that the first ques- tion should be answered in the negative and the sec- ond in the affirmative. On the question of size, the Commission studied the purposes which lie at the foundation of the program. The Armed Forces Industrial Security Regulation 13 defines industrial security as "That portion of inter- nal security which is concerned with the protection of classified information in the hands of United States industry." With the complementary phases of indus- trial security-personnel security and the protection of facilities-the core of all security safeguards is the necessity of safeguarding classified information. Ob- viously, therefore, a determining factor in the con- sideration of the size of the program is the amount of information currently being classified. Of the three categories of classification authorized by current Executive Order 10501,14 the classification "Confidential" is by far the most frequently used. The Department of Defense estimates that 59%0 of its classified material is "Confidential."15 Estimates of the number of persons granted Confidential clear- ances alone run over two million.16 In addition to this ever-pyramiding mass of infor- mation classified under the authority of the Executive Order, however, the Commission found that many documents were being arbitrarily restricted by timor- ous Government officials through the liberal use of rubber stamps with such enigmatic warnings as "for official use only," "not for publication," "adminis- tratively confidential," and "limited office use only." Fortunately, this overcautious practice of document suppression was largely checked by the issuance of the Executive Order. Furthermore, individual agency efforts to continue to cloak non-security information (Continued on page 24) - "Commission on Government Security Report, p. 279 11Commisslon on Government Security Report, p. 280. '2Commission on Government Security Report, pp. 284, 285 13Section 1-217, September 1956. "Effective December 16, 1953. 1WC. G. S. Report. p. 175. 15Report of the N. S. I. A. to C. G. S. dated October 31, 1956, p. 2; Report of A. S. I. S. to C. G. S. dated November 5, 1956, p. 6 A.' INDUSTRIAL SECURITY, OCTOBER, 1957 Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 Apprnvpd For Rplpacp 9003/06/17 - CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 FEDERAL SERVICES, INC. IS PLEASED TO ANNOUNCE THE RENEWAL OF ITS SECURITY CONTRACT FOR THE FIFTH CONSECUTIVE YEAR WITH THE U. S. ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION AT THE NEVADA TEST SITE 401 THIRD STREET. N. W.. WASHINGTON 1, D. C. TELEPHONE: NATIONAL 8-7681 760 MARKET STREET. SAN FRANCISCO 2, CAL 101 PARK AVENUE. NEW YORK 17, N.Y. TELEPHONE: SUTTER 1-3414 TELEPHONE: MURRAY HILL 3-5600 Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 BY CLARENCE BRACY GENERAL CHAIRMAN, ASIS THIRD ANNUAL CONVENTION/SEMINAR OUR THIRD ANNUAL SEMINAR You Can't Afford to Miss It! Much has been said concerning the benefits derived by meeting and talking with others engaged in the same profession, business or trade. It is generally recognized that through such association it is possible to learn of the techniques, skills, and experiences from those in the same field of endeavor. Scientists have saved many hours of scientific research simply by exchanging ideas, knowledge of previous research, and generally exchanging scientific infor- mation. The same can apply to our field, the Security profession. Our annual meeting affords each of us the opportunity to reward ourselves with informa- tion in our field, and we are sure to come away better equipped to deal with the problems which confront us in our daily activities. If, for example, the number of years of experience of the persons handling our workshops at our Seminar were added together, it would repre- sent hundreds of years of knowledge. This knowledge, when disseminated to us, helps us to find the best and most practical methods of doing our jobs and, as such, reflects a more efficient job being done for the companies or organizations we represent. It is a rare person, indeed, who professes to "know all" concerning his profession, and who cannot learn from others. This is particularly true in a field where there has been an insignificant amount of the printed word available for study and review. Our Annual Seminar is one all Society members truly cannot afford to miss as it offers the opportunity to learn how to do our jobs more effectively. A single idea gathered during our Seminar-if placed into effect either now or at some future date-may well be worth the time and effort spent in attending this important event. Also not to be overlooked is the value of bringing others, in addition to your wife, as guests. I say "... in addition to your wife" ... advisedly, as it is assumed we all know the value of bringing her. An interesting pro- gram has been arranged to keep the wives occupied while we are engaged in workshops, pa- nel discussions, or other business sessions, and everything possible will be done to make her stay in Washington most enjoyable. What may be readily overlooked, however, is that there are many persons within our organizations who are not Society members, but may be richly reward- ed by attending. The persons we report to within our respective organizations, and who most likely han- dle other functions in addition to ours, are excellent prospects to bring with us to the Seminar. The same is true of other persons within our organizations including those who may not be in the executive or official category. Bring as many persons with you as you wish in order that they may receive the benefits of our sessions first hand. Where else can so much information be obtained at one time and place concerning our field of endeavor? See you at 9:00 A. M. on October 28, in the East Room of the Mayflower Hotel. 8 INDUSTRIAL SECURITY, OCTOBER, 1957 Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80B01676R003200170022-7 Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 THIRD ANNUAL SEMINAR HIGHLIGHTS theme: ' 9ncrluefriaC Security - of /eguarc` o/ foe //anion OCTOBER 28, 29 and 30 MAYFLOWER HOTEL, WASHINGTON, D. C. Panel Discussions: Workshops: Reports: 1. "Does Industrial Security Suppress Civil Liberty?" 2. "How ASIS Benefits the Membership & How These Benefits Can be Increased" 1. "Why Applicant Investigations Are a Must in Industry" A. Ross MILLER, North American Aviation, Inc. 2. "Major Application of Electronic Devices in Industrial Security" CHARLES LAFORGE, Chairman, Subcommittee on Electronic and Electric Devices i. "Controls on Classified Matter-Are They Realistic?" JAMES A. DAVIS, Chairman, Committee on Safeguarding Classified Information 4. "Reduction of Fire Hazards in Industry" HORATIO BOND, Committee on Fire Protection 5. "Industrial Disaster Control Plans" KARSTEN FLORY, Chairman, Committee on Emergency Planning 6. "How Effective are Fences in Protecting Our Facilities?" KENNETH YANDELL, Chairman, Subcommittee on Physical Protection Items 7. "Purpose of Employee Identification" WILLIAM TODD, Committee on Identification 8. "Industrial Guard Functions" WILLIAM SELBY, Subcommittee on Guards and Guard Patrols 9. "Security-The Objective View" JOHN BUCKLEY, Varian Associates ASIS Officer and Committee Reports will be presented. Registration And Other Fees For complete breakdown of Seminar and other costs see Convention Registration Committee report on page 12. "Shop'' Talks: Luncheons: Banquet: 1. "Indoctrinating Employees Lo Properly Safeguard Classified Matter" 2. "The Need for Training Plant Protection Personnel" 3. "Why Plant Protection Policy on a Corporate Basis?" 4. "The Composite Security Director" Three group luncheons are planned with interesting speakers of national prominence. A fine dinner preceded by a reception will make this a Convention highlight- Mr. Loyd Wright, Chairman of the Commission on Government Security, will speak. Wives' Activities: Sightseeing trips and other functions have been arranged for the wives. Free Attendance Kits- For Registrants Only A package of select material to take away with you which can be used for refer- ence purposes. Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 App d Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80B01676R003200170022-7 CONVENTION / SEMINAR SPEAKERS S. J. TRACY, CHAIRMAN, SPEAKERS COMMITTEE It is the purpose of the American Society for In- dustrial Security to extend knowledge in the industrial security profession and to enhance the profession to the end that the industrial strength of our Country will be preserved. The end product is the protection of employees in plants throughout the Nation, the protection of the plants themselves and finally the protection of all citizens. It is a tremendous respon- sibility. At the coming national Seminar we will hear from knowledgeable individuals. At the banquet Mr. Loyd Wright, Chairman of the Commission on Government Security, will be the speaker. Mr. Wright, a prominent attorney in Los Angeles, is a past president of the American Bar Association, Chairman of the House of Delegates, International Bar Association, and a mem- ber of the Commission on judicial and Congressional Salaries and other State and National commissions. Mr. Wright was chosen as Chairman of the bi-parti- san commission on government security created by Congress to fill an urgent need for an objective, non- political and independent study of the innumerable laws, Executive Orders, regulations, programs, prac- tices, and procedures intended for the protection of the 'national security. The industrial security pro- grams, the classification of documents program and others are of immediate concern of our Society. Mr. Wright's address should prove not only interesting but profitable to us. We are proud that our imme- diate past president, Mr. Paul Hansen, was a mem- ber of the Citizens' Advisory Committee of Mr. \1'right's Commission. On the opening day, October 28, the luncheon speaker will be Mr. Leston Faneuf, President of the Bell Aircraft Corporation in Buffalo, New York. Mr. Faneuf is in his second year as President of Bell Aircraft;: one of the leading companies in the nation's aviation industry. Mr. Faneuf succeeded Lawrence D. Bell, the late founder of the company which bears his name. We are certain. to . be rewarded by the remarks of Mr. Faneuf, who is considered an outstanding speaker and who has great appreciation of the industrial se- curity program. - Fhe luncheon' speaker on October 30 will be a top-flight government official, Mr. Stephen S. Jackson, Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense (Manpower,' Personnel and Reserve.) Mr. Jackson has had experi., ence in the fields of workmen's compensation law and social security. He is a member of the bar of . New York in which he engaged in the private prac- tice of law in addition to being a member of the bench. He has had extensive experience in the formulation of security policies of the Department of Defense, including industrial security. Between 1947 and 1955, there grew up a vast, in- tricate, confusing and costly complex of temporary, inadequate, and sometimes uncoordinated programs and measures designed to protect secrets and installa- tions vital to the defense of the Nation. The ceaseless campaign of international communism to infiltrate both government, industry and other vital areas not only was threatening our military and industrial strength but was intended to impair our national econ- omy. It is the responsibility of industry and of our Society to see that America remains strong. Our speakers are individuals who can contribute greatly to our knowledge of what needs to be done. Those attending the convention will also be inter- ested to know that we will have with us Rabbi Nor- man Gerstenfeld of the Washington Hebrew Congre- gation, who, was also a member of the Citizens' Ad- visory Committee of the Commission on Government Security, and Dr. Charles W. Lowry of the Foundation for Religious Action in the Social and Civil Order. Dr. Lowry is a nationally known foe of communism. We will also have with us Monsignor E. Robert Ar- thur of St. Matthews Cathedral of Washington who is familiar with many national security problems. The armed forces will be represented by Chaplain (Brigadier General) Terence P. Finnegan, Deputy Chief of Air Force Chaplains, at the banquet. The invocation for the opening day session on October 28 will be given by Chaplain (Colonel) James F. Patterson, Office of the Chief of Air Force Chaplains. The theme of the Seminar is "Industrial Security-: Lifeguard of the Nation" and our speakers program is geared to give us the benefit of the thinking of top-flight individuals who are in a position to be of Do;: assistance to us in our future work and plans. not miss this Seminar. Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 How to see where you can't be with RCA Industrial Television! With RCA Industrial TV to guide him, one man at Lukens Steel Company controls this huge 800-ton plate shear although he cannot see the actual opera- tion ! Three RCA TV cameras installed above the blade are connected to three monitors located at the control position. Watching the monitors, the operator moves heavy plate into the shear, lines up the plate with a guide wire, and accurately trims it to size ... all by remote control ! Wherever it is used, RCA Industrial TV has proved an outstanding factor in personnel safety, increased production, time and material savings. In power plants, factories, laboratories ... wherever control of vital instruments, processes or materials is required ... it can be counted on for reliable, accurate performance. RCA Industrial TV is designed and produced to exacting standards by the world leader in electronics. An RCA representative will gladly help you determine how RCA Closed Television can best serve you. Mail coupon below for free literature. Quality Mark of rmt_vh~~ R ADIO CORPORATION of AMERICA BROADCAST AND TELEVISION EQUIPMENT CAMDEN, NEW JERSEY In Canada: RCA VICTOR Company Limited, Montreal RCA CLOSED TELEVISION Broadcast and Television Equipment Dept. X-305, Building 15-1, Camden, N. J. - ^ Please send me latest literature on the use of RCA Indus- trial TV (Closed Television). NAME COMPANY ADDRESS CITY ZONE STATE Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 CONVENTION COMMITTEE REPORTS Seminar Registration Committee THOMAS O'CONNOR, CHAIRMAN Seminar registration material has been forwarded to ASIS members. Your early return of the regis- tration card will assist the Seminar Committee in planning and handling of registrations. For the convenience of those arriving in Washing- ton on Sunday, the day before the Seminar convenes, the registration desk will be open in the Mayflower Hotel from 3:00 p. in. to 8:00 p. In. The fee for Seminar registration is $15.00; the three luncheons on Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday are $4 each and the banquet and reception on Wed- nesday, $15. Purchased individually, the costs amount to $42. We are offering a package plan, including registration, luncheons and banquet for $40. Individ- ual or extra luncheon and banquet tickets may be purchased at the registration desk for the above prices. Complete wives' activities, including three lunch- eons and two tours, will be approximately $16. In- dividual tickets may be purchased. at the time of registration. This does not include wives' tickets for the Banquet and Reception which, of course, can also be purchased at the Registration Desk.. Publicity Committee RAYMOND C. SPROW, CHAIRMAN "INDUSTRIAL SECURITY- LIFEGUARD OF THE NATION" Have you thought much about the theme of the Convention/ Seminar? If not, please start thinking about it, and you will realize the importance of Securi- ty to our nation's defense. This realization will, in turn, make you more anxious to attend the Washington sessions to partici- pate in policy formulation and to derive untold knowledge from the prominent speakers informa- tive panels. for broadening and strengthening our security pro- grams. This year -the Committee has lined up somewhat over three times as many exhibits covering a wide. field of items of use in plant protection, fire preven- tion, safety, record security and and many others. All coffee breaks for example will be held in the Exhibit Room. This will permit having refreshments while at the same time looking at the exhibits. Reception Committee A. T. DEERE, CHAIRMAN The Reception Committee has been working hard and long toward making this Convention the most successful, particularly from the women's point of view. A full schedule of activities has been planned for the women, and Dottie Quinn assures us that the program is designed to provide a maximum of enter- tainment with a minimum of effort, and appropriate breaks for freshening up; spending money, etc. The wives' activity calendar includes tours of places of interest in the Washington area. A Post-Convention tour is .planned to Jamestown and Williamsburg, Va. Accommodations Committee EDGAR L. ROBBINS, CHAIRMAN The Mayflower Hotel, located in the Connecticut Avenue area of the nation's capital, is one of America's outstanding. conven- tion centers-luxurious yet com- pletely practical. It has numer- ous meeting, exhibit and func- tion rooms, six restaurants, and .one thousand tastefully deco- rated guest rooms, all completely air-conditioned. Noted for the finest in food and service, it is convenient to shopping, the- Considerable planning and work have gone into the 1957 Convention/Seminar. Its success depends upon the active participation of the members. Exhibit Committee P. 6. WO, LZ, CHAIRMAN Those of us who attended last year's Convention were impressed with the exhibitors and their prod- ucts. We returned home somewhat richer in ideas aters, and leading department stores. The entire Convention will meet each day in the Williamsburg Room for luncheon and an address by an outstanding speaker. The highlight of the Con- vention will be a Reception in the Chinese Room, and the annual Banquet in the beautiful and spacious Grand Ball Room, Wednesday evening. We are making evety effort to anticipate your needs and plan for your convenience, comfort and pleasure. INDUSTRIAL SECURITY, OCTOBER, 1957 Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 Every article listed in our catalog is regularly stocked by us. Many articles for specialized use are stocked by us although not listed. We can quickly obtain for you any standard laminating merchandise which may not be listed in this catalog or regularly stocked.. Price and delivery details will be supplied promptly. Fastest Shipment-Technical Advice. Our tremendous stocks, ti s ni kill d sure za on a orga e ultra-modern facilities, and a s you of fastest delivery of your orders. An experienced staff provides technical assistance without obligation. Bids and Quotation. Make certain that Harco is.on your bid list. We invite your requests for quotations.. HERE'S YOUR 1957 HARCO mailing address. Write Dept. 2-A ADDITIONAL CATALOGS. We will send any catalogs you may require. Send us your detailed BUYING GUIDE TO THE WORLD'S LARGEST & FINEST STOCKS OF LAMINATING EQUIPMENT INDUSTRIES, INC. 20 - ROCHESTER, PHONES: BAKER 5-0273 and BAKER 5-3270 WASHINGTON: SPrvce 3-6677 Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 ONE SOURCE for Security Pass Materials and Equipment MARCO SECURITY PASS EQUIPMENT Used World-Wide Harco simplifies your buying problems by serving as a single, dependable, centrally-located supply source for all security badge laminating equipment and supplies. Approved For Release 2003/06/17: CIA-RDP80 Functions o the Security Director in Industry The following is the text of a talk delivered by Timothy J. Walsh, Security Director, Allen B. Du Mont Laboratories, Inc., Clifton, New Jersey on the occasion of a joint industrial-military security sym- posium held at Du Monts East Paterson, New Jersey plant on May 29th, 1957. TIMOTHY J. WALSH The explosions which shattered the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945 were not as sig- nificant for ending the Pacific War as they were for opening an. era in world history. Man had unlocked the secret to global. transformation--and its first use was to destroy a small part of that globe. Now, a full twelve years later, the destructive power of the discovery has been multiplied fifty times but the appli- cation for good is still in awkward infancy. Why are people bent -on apparent genocide? What force com- pels man to fashion the most efficient tools possible for his own destruction? A moment's reflection will provide at least a partial answer. The.atom bombs of 1945 ended the costliest war in recorded history without the million and one- half additional allied casualties that would have re- sulted from an invasion of Japan. By this twist of ABOUT THE AUTHOR Security Director and Coordinator for Mobilization Planning with Allen B. Du Mont Laboratories, Inc., of Clifton, New Jersey, Mr. Walsh joined the firm in October 1956. He served previously with the Office of Naval Intelligence and with the Office of Special Investigations, The Inspector General, United States Air Force. He is a member of the bar of the State of . New York and a member of the graduate faculty of the Department of Communications Arts, Fordham University. He is a charter member of the Industrial Security Institute, a member of the American Society for Industrial Security, the New York State Bar Association. and the Bronx County Bar Association. He is a graduate of Fordham and St.. John's Uni- versities and has attended the Department of Defense Industrial Security Management Course. He is also a reserve officer of the United States Air Force at- tached to Air-Intelligence. INDUSTRIAL SECURITY, OCTOBER, 1957 Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 irony the bomb was it benefit because of its very lethality. But why the continued race for bigger and more Powerful bombs? Again the answer is clear in the pages of the recent past. In 1945 America was at last awakening to the specter. of international com- munism. The shadow of the kremlin fell across the surrender tables on the Missouri. It loomed ominous at the birth of the U. N. in San Francisco. It blanket- ed China. We were confident, however, that our ex- clusive possession of the A-Bomb would prevent an- other World War for at least eight years. Eight years during which we could consolidate our position and build a lasting peace. But President Truman's an- nouncement of nuclear experiments inside Russia and public revelation of the sordid facts of atomic espio- nage changed the picture. The staggering truth was that the most precious secrets in our national posses- sion had been stolen. Overnight the tremendous advantage we thought we had vanished! No longer the assurance of peace, even for a time. From that day we have been pitted in an arms race of gigantic magnitude. Instead of a lead of years we have been reduced to a lead of months or weeks, and in some cases, no lead at all. That, is why we continue to build "ultimate weapons." Loss of the small advan- tage we still have could mean the end of everything. In this tense struggle for weapons supremacy the job of development and manufacture has fallen to Industry. And in our system that is entirely proper. Private enterprise and civilian production genius are indispensable elements of American tradition. With- out industrial support our National Military Estab- lishment would. be sterile-our position as World Leader for peace would be untenable. (Continued on. page 30) pr~ews 'for"~`urgYa"?r's?fr'om Bad the Producers of the World's Finest Protective Equipment Kidde engineer points to incon- spicuous Ultrasonic transmitter. Silent Sound' Insures Burglar-Proof Three- Dimensional Protection Using sound waves too high to be heard by the hu- man ear, the Kidde Ultrasonic Burglar Alarm System saturates the entire protected area, wall to wall, floor to ceiling, with a network of 'silent sound' waves that pene- trate every cubic inch of space. Any attempt to enter dis- turbs the wave pattern, instantly triggers an alarm! Even a lock-in doesn't stand a chance, because once the sys- tem is turned on, his first move betrays him. What's more, the unbeatable Kidde system cannot be bypassed or sabotaged without giving an alarm. It can be easily carried by one man and plugs into any standard electrical outlet. When installed in accordance with regulations of Under- writers' Laboratories the system qualifies for certification. For more information, send today for Kidde's Ultrasonic Alarm Booklet. KkMe Tiny Device Traps Thieves With `Invisible Light' Designed specifically for low-cost, efficient protection of out-of-door areas and large indoor spaces, the tamper- proof Kidde Photo-Electric Burglar Alarm System pro- jects an invisible beam of 'black light' over an effective range of 900 feet. Through mirrors the beam can be "bent" up to 90?. Any interruption of the 'black light' beam, or any attempt to bypass the system with another light beam disturbs the frequency modulated waves and' instantly sounds the alarm. Security Chief checks alignment of Photo-Electric projector. The entire system consists of a projector (shown above) and a receiver, each about 101/2" long and 61/2" in diam- eter, neither requiring any special wiring. Transistors conserve space, lengthen equipment life, eliminate tube replacement problems. Approved by Underwriters' Lab- oratories. Ideal for proprietary systems, the Kidde Photo- Electric Burglar Alarm System gives the best long distance protection at the lowest possible cost. Write today for Kidde's Photo-Electric Burglar Alarm System booklet. Walter Kidde & Company, Inc. 715 Main St., Belleville 9, New Jersey Ultrasonic Division Walter Kidde & Company of Canada Ltd., Montreal - Toronto Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80B01676R003200170022-7 Major Chester R. Allen As the atomic age approaches its zenith, the basic tenets of warfare are undergoing a steady and de- cisive change. Automation, rather than replacing the individual 'sol- dier, is increasing both his produc- tive capacity and his dependence upon modern equipment. Moving into what historians of the future will call the decisive decades of this atomic century, we must rely di- rectly upon the industrial produc- tive capacity of our nation. As sol- diers we depend upon that indus- trial production for the implements of our profession; as citizens, we depend upon industrial production for the necessities of living. Our national ability to continue in our role as arsenal of the free world is directly proportional to our con- tinued capability to produce the implements vital to both military and economic surival. The singular import of this fact was pinpointed by President Eisenhower in the special industry issue of "Civil De- fender" magazine, in which he states, "These are unique days of peril to the civilian population, to the security of our cities, our indus- tries and their peoples. The deci- sions this problem requires are dif- ficult and involve inconvenience and expense. But the program for Industrial Defense may constitute the most valuable investment you The co-authors of this article are on the staff of the Industrial Defense and Physical Security Sec- tion, The Provost Marshal General's School, Fort Gordon, Georgia. Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80B01676R003200170022-7 INDUSTRIAL DEFENSE What it meanj to you ! can make toward assuring our sur- vival as a free nation." The gravity of the situation is emphatically illustrated by statis- tics. Successful enemy attack upon seventeen target cities of our Unit- ed States Production Base would destroy 58.1% of our electrical ma- chinery industry, 54.2% of our transportation equipment, 41.9% of our chemical industry, 49.1% of our petroleum and coal products, 47.8% of the instrument industry, 54.7% of our primary and fabri- cated metals production, 29% of rubber products, and 42.6% of all machine manufacturing plants. At the same time, we would lose 47.8% of the total urban population of the United States. Seventeen hits and 50% of all essential defense industry could be DESTROYED. The reduction of industrial vul- nerability within the Army is be- ing accomplished through the De- partment of Defense Industrial De- fense Program, under supervision of the Deputy Chief of Staff for - Logistics. The program is moni- tored by the Provost Marshal Gen- eral, and includes the training of Industrial Defense Survey Officers. The purpose of the Department of Defense Industrial Defense Pro- gram is the reduction of vulner- ability of Key Industrial Facilities listed on the Department's Key Fa- cilities List, through the voluntary participation of management. This reduction of vulnerability is de- signed to minimize the effects of, damage from covert and overt -at- tack, as well as that sustained from any type of disaster and includes such parasitic industrial plagues as (Continued on page 33) Above photo is: a view of the Industrial- Defense The Provost Marshal General's School. INDUSTRIAL SECURITY, OCTOBER~!1 THE WIue/zeac1 BLACK AND GOLD THREAD MAGNETIC STAINLESS STEEL IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM Offers better security and a system which can be changed-over on a moment's notice if necessary. MAGNETIC CODING: Each Card/Badge can be coded with magnetic fluxes or spots in the Steel to form 10,000 four digit codes, anyone of which may be erased and re-coded at will. The coding takes place at the time of issue and each time the Card/Badge is used. Several different codes may be placed in each Card/Badge at the same time to be used at different places. COUNTERFEIT-PROOF: To duplicate the Card,Badge one would not only have to copy the fine engraving, but also have to duplicate the Magnetic Codes on the Steel. The codes are such weak spots of magnetic flux, and so "scrambled-up" with incorrect codes, we believe that it is impossible to copy without the original device that was use to code the card/badge in the first place. Frequent code changes makes Counterfeiting all the more difficult. TAMPER-PROOF: Heat used to re-laminate Altered Paper or White Plastic Laminated I-D Cards immediately decodes the Magnetic Steel Insert. The best way to de-magnetize metal (or tape recordings) is to heat same to approximately 250?F-350?F. The format of the Card/Badge is engraved on the Plastic covers, instead of the Insert, which prevents alteration of this information. The use of Sensitized Cloth, mounted on aluminum, for the Photographs makes alteration of the photograph impossible. BLACK AND GOLD THREADS: This feature prevents the super-imposing of a fraudulent picture over the top of the Genuine Photograph and covering same with wide Scotch Tape, or re-laminating with new covers. Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80B01676R003200170022-7 THE ELECTRIC UTILITY INDUSTRY THOMAS J. ROUNER VICE PRESIDENT NEW ENGLAND POWER COMPANY BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS In viewing the performance of the electric utility industry under various emergency conditions some fundamental differences are seen to exist between it and other vital industries. An electric utility cannot stockpile its product. Neither can its customers build up inventories of kilowatt-hours. The electricity must be produced at the very same instant the customer chooses to use it, whether that customer is a home, a store or a factory. There is no time lag between the electric switch at the customer's end of the line and the generator in the powerhouse. This basic characteristic of the power industry has a profound influence upon both the designer and the operator of an electric utility system. Every utility system is designed and planned to cope with the various natural and manmade emergencies that experience has shown to be native to its territory. Power Essential to National Security Electric power is essential to. the health, safety and welfare of our population and therefore is essential to our national security. Being a service business, an electric utility must do everything possible to see that the service is continuously available. This effort breaks down into two general periods of action, viz., the pre-emergency and the post-emergency phases. In the pre-emergency period the design and oper- ation of electric facilities are aimed at providing a maximum feasible resistance to all threatening haz- ards that might interrupt service. Multiple dispersed sources of power, -alternate transmission routes to important load centers, reserve capacity, and inter- connections with neighboring power systems are stand- ard practices in the effort to insure continuous elec- tric service. In the post-emergency period every effort is made to restore electric service as soon as possible to those customers who can' still. use it. This involves the use of trained crews brought in from undamaged areas, the installation of spare equipment held for such emergencies, the re-routing of power flow and other measures. Peacetime Emergencies The scope of peacetime threats to utility service include hurricanes, tornados, ice storms, blizzards, floods, fires, explosions, human errors and mechanical failures. Many utility systems, because of their geo- graphic locations, are free from some of these hazards. Other systems are subject to the full list. One of the most devastating of these hazards is the hurricane. A brief review will be made of the steps taken by a utility to minimize the damaging effects of a hurricane, as well as to restore service in areas of breakdown. Design criteria for outdoor structures, including transmission towers, must provide for anticipated hurricane wind velocities. Similarly, the design and layout of electric facilities along tidewater must anti- cipate the hazards due to hurricane tidal waves and to salt spray and other wind-borne material on out- door electrical apparatus. The most widespread destruction will befall low tension distribution lines along tree shaded streets and roads. In most such areas the replacement of overhead wires with underground service has repeatedly been found to be prohibitive in cost and of questionable value service-wise. Some progress is being made in a co- CONNECTICUT RIVER IN FLOOD INDUSTRIAL SECURITY, OCTOBER, Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80B01676R003200170022-7 IN PEACETIME AND WARTIME EMERGENCIES ON THE JOB AFTER THE STORM operative effort among local municipal officials, the power companies and property owners, whereby a selective tree planting and tree removal program will reduce the storm hazard to distribution lines. But since hurricanes strike at unpredictable times and places, they will always produce extensive dam- ages.. Therefore a planned major effort must be directed at restoring electric service at the earliest possible date. Electric utility systems have long been accustomed to responding to one another's call for help in time of emergency. This response has been expanded and sharpened greatly in recent years as hurricanes have shown a tendency to wander off their conventional paths, and as the public has become more and more dependent upon electricity for its convenience, health and safety. Emergency mutual aid practices among utilities involve a ready exchange of electricity, manpower, equipment and materials. Under modern methods of storm forecasting and tracking, it is customary for a utility lying in the path of the oncoming storm to maintain constant communication with a number of utilities outside the predicted path, thereby alerting them for the anti- cipated request for assistance. In case the approach- ing hurricane. is of great severity, crews of men may be dispatched before the arrival of the storm. As soon as the storm has abated so that men can move around with safety, damage surveys are made and results communicated by mobile radio or other means to a headquarters where appraisals are made as to the need for additional manpower and equip- ment for prompt restoration. Line crews from near- by utilities generally travel in their fully-equipped line trucks. Where distances are great, =the 'assisting line trucks are frequently sent' overland with relief drivers, while the trained crewmen travel air, train, bus or car to their designated points of ren- dezvous. Work is assigned by local supervisors, who also provide housing, food, and necessary transpor- tation for the visiting crews. Close liaison is maintained with Civil Defense and with various other federal, state, and municipal agencies. Wartime Emergencies Wartime damage to power company facilities can result from sabotage or from bombing. Protection from sabotage involves a number of efforts that are practice by utilities, some of which are as follows: Care in selection of employees. This is simplified because of the relatively small turnover inutility employees. Training of employees to be alert to subversive persons around utility property and personnel. Fencing, protecting and guarding of critical areas. Maintenance of high standards in safety and first- aid practices. Providing specialized fire protection equipment and training of employees in fire protection prac- tices. The effects of bombing with modern atomic and hydrogen weapons fall upon both the trained man- (Continued on next page) ELECTRIC SERVICE, COMING UP AFTER THE BLOW ;9 Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80B01676R003200170022-7 Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 Electric Industry (Continued) Tense test exercise, supplied an- h power and the physical facilities of a power system. From a manpower standpoint electric utilities are set up, organi- zationally, to produce and dis- tribute power throughout every hour of the day, week and year. Also, most power systems extend over quite wide areas, geographical- ly, with the result that in both operating and supervisory person- nel they have a natural dispersion of forces, thus leaving them less subject to a wiping out of essential personnel than many other more concentrated enterprises. T h i s should not lead to complacency since there are numerous features of advance planning that will aid in carrying on the operation in time of emergency, including such items as: Delegation of authority and dis- persion of management. Assignment of employees to al- ternate assembly centers and al- ternate work assignments. Training of employees in first- aid, emergency feeding, radio- logical monitoring, fire fighting, communications, etc. Inherent Protection From Bombing From a physical plant standpoint and- its vulnerability to bombing, nearly every electric utility is in a less vulnerable position than are the customers which it serves. This was demonstrated at the 1955 atom- ic bomb test at Yucca Flats, Neva- da. Conventional transmission e other revealing Indication of t lesser vulnerability of electric gen- erating facilities to simulated wide- spread bombing of the populous centers of this country. The assumed attack consisted of the dropping of nuclear bombs on 76 critical areas. Following the an- nouncement of the location of the ground zeros, on the day of the at- tack, and with advice as to the size and other characteristics of the bombs, prompt damage analyses were made. by trained utility em- ployees working as technical staff men on Civil Defense (and Depart- ment of Interior) emergency or- ganizations. Working from blast damage charts and tables the technicians determined both the amount of the electrical generation losses as well as the amount of load that was wiped out through the demo- lition of electric customers' facili- ties. The computed nationwide power generation loss was 19,600,- 000 kilowatts while the correspond- ing load loss was 22,300,000 kilo- watts, or a ratio of 1 to 1.14. Thus the wide dispersion of elec- tric generating plants provides an inherent advantage against modern bombing attack. And the program of providing a dispersed pattern of power generating stations con- tinues as additional sources of steam-electric power, hydro-electric power and atomic-electric power are added to the nation's power network. lines, substations and distribution In spite of these favorable de- lines were constructed at varying monstrations, widespread distresses distances from the ground zero of in electric power supply will result the bomb. Similarly other interests from enemy action in time of war. installed factory buildings, homes, Therefore, it is appropriate that industrial machinery and other fa- the electric industry continue its cilities of various designs in order efforts among its own members as to determine their resistance to well as with the various govern- bombing. Technical analysis of the` mental agencies to insure the earli- test clearly showed that the damage est possible electric service restora- to the electric utility facilities was tion in the event of enemy attack. relatively less than the damages to Advance planning is needed in the property of the users of the many fields, some of which are as electricity, and therefore, the job follows: of restoring electric service to the recoverable users should be able to keep abreast of the needs. Further clarification in the roles of both civil and military author- ities with respect to the electric Operation Alert 1956, a Civil De- industry. Clearer definition of policies and practices relative to evacuation and shelter. Firming up of liaison between the electric industry and the Civ- il Defense Agency and other gov- ernmental organizations. Establishment and training of the area organizations being de- veloped by the Department of Interior under delegation from Federal Civil Defense Agency for restoring electric service follow- ing an enemy attack and provid- ing electric service to support areas. Further attention to the organi- zations that ' will determine the priority of restoration of dam- aged areas. Perfection of radiological moni- toring and reporting. Connecting up of diverse com- munication facilities within and between utility systems. Establishment of priorities that will insure the allocation of need- ed fuel and other supplies for power generation. Establishmen of priorities in the use and restoration of communi- cation and transportation facil- ities, including unimpeded move- ment across state lines. Establishment of priorities in the assignment of manpower and facilities normally serving the utility industry, as contractors, engineers, suppliers, etc. Thus, while the electric industry is in relatively good shape from a national defense standpoint, there. are many areas that require much further attention. Frank V. Martinek Resigns As Director The Board of Directors has re- gretfully accepted the resignation of Frank V. Martinek as a Director. His professional ability and years of experience in the industrial se- curity field have aided greatly in the formation of the ASIS. The Board of Directors and the Society will miss his counseling advice. INDUSTRIAL SECURITY, OCTOBER, 1957 Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 You Save with ALL-ALUMINUM Chain Link Fencing ... No Maintenance Means Low Cost For real economy you can't beat all-aluminum chain link fencing. It's better looking when new, stays good looking because it can't rust. For the same reason, aluminum fencing lasts several times as long, eliminates replace- ment of rust-weakened sections. And aluminum fencing requires no protection from corrosive gases and fumes in industrial areas. There are additional savings in putting up all-aluminum chain link fencing. Its light weight re- duces shipping and handling costs, makes it easier and faster to erect. These advantages are greater if aluminum posts and fittings are also used. High quality all-aluminum fencing is now readily available. It will pay you to investigate. For more information on this no-maintenance fencing call the Reynolds office near you, or write Reynolds Metals Company, P.O. Box 1800-NK, Louisville 1, Ky. See "CIRCUS BOY", Sundays, NBC-TV. Watch for Reynolds on "DISNEYLAND", ABC-TV. . Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 Approved uite 377 I hope to use this column as a means of letting you members know what goes on in ASIS as a whole as well as to supply items of interest which may help us to get to know each other. You can help along this line by sending me the minutes of your chapter meetings and data of meetings you plan on having. If you are in Washington stop in and say hello. I have written to most of you during the past year, but as yet have only met a few of you. Captain Hugo Sanford of Fort Gordon has stopped in the office several times and from all reports he and Major Chester ,Alen seem to be doing an excellent job of recruiting for ASIS in that area-Ralph Schriener of General Electric stopped by to say hello recently while in Washington. Several of the Washington members stop in the office from time to time, such as Stan Tracy, Frank Stanton, Clarence Bracy, Dorothea Quinn, Paul Cooper, and Colonel Sid Rubenstein. We now have 13 chapters of ASIS organized throughout the U. S., namely: Chicago:: Detroit; Dal- las-Fort Worth; Houston; Louisville; Newark; New England at East Hartford, Connecticut; New York; Pittsburgh; Northern California at San Francisco; Southern California at Los Angeles; Western New York at Buffalo and Washington, D. C. Our Detroit Chapter recently held a meeting and from the minutes their meeting seemed to be a very profitable one. They enclosed some pictures of the meeting, and I think this is a good idea for all chapters. We would like to run an article later in the "Industrial Security" magazine on the activities of the. different chapters, and pictures certainly will add interest to the column. Detroit appears to be progressing very well under the able chairmanship of Lee Malone, with Gene Kelly as Secretary. Dick Smith and John Ellington of Dallas are doing an excellent job of building up the membership in that area. Houston recently held its organizational meeting and seems to have stirred up a great deal of ASIS'interest in their vicinity. The Louisville Chapter continues to hold their monthly meetings with the aid of "Mr. ASIS Himself," Paul Hansen. `What has happened to the Newark chapter -no word to date? Jack Buckley of Varian Associ- ates continues to do an excellent job of salesmanship with regard to ASIS in the San Francisco area. George Thomson of North American Aviation and Mem- bership Chairman of the Southern California Chapter has been doing an excellent job of soliciting members in the L. A. region. The Washington, D. C. chapter has held numerous meetings and there is real interest here. If things continue at the rate they are going I am certain it will be one of our largest chapters. This should afford competition to get more members for those chapters located in industrial cities. I want to thank John F. McCauley with General Electric in Phoenix, Arizona for the efforts he is making in trying to recruit members there so that they will be able to form a chapter. May I call to your attention and impress upon you again the existence of our able Placement Com- mittee. Thus far, our Placement Committee has not been too active and I believe this is because of the primary fact that industry is not aware that we even have such a committee. I have numerous personal resumes on file and urge each of you to check our files first for any openings that may come up within your company and where you are in a position to influence the hiring of security personnel. This can be a really fine service for ASIS members as well as non-members and we urge you to utilize it. The members of ASIS located in the Chicago area may find of interest the "Conference on Freedom and Responsibility in the Industrial Community" to be held Oct. 23, 1957, at Levy Meyer Hall at North- western University. This Conference is sponsored by Northwestern University School of Law. From their program it is believed it will be worth your time to attend. For further information on this I suggest you contact Northwestern University School of Law. I hope this bit of chit-chat will be of interest to you. We have been working quite hard to make the coming convention successful and I hope to meet all of you there. In the meantime-let me know what is "news" with you. See you at the Convention - - - - - THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE MANAGEMENT SECURITY COURSE For the past year the Department of Defense has been conducting an intensive five-day briefing for security officials of industry at Fort Holabird, Balti- more, Maryland. The course is held about once each month. Any person engaged in industrial security work in industry or in colleges, universities or re- search organizations on classified defense projects is eligible to attend. Anyone interested in attending should contact his cognizant security office for further information. 22 INDUSTRIAL SECURITY, OCTOBER, 1957 Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80B01676R003200170022-7 Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 UNIV ERSAL LINE 4" INDUSTRIAL LOCK SECURITY 1. facilitates continuous cognizant lock security 2. controls flow of personnel 3. cuts maintenance costs substantially 4. meets all types of locking requirements. .. through the INTERCHANGEABLE CORE CABINET, FILE AND LOCKER LOCKS Schematic Plan Department To help you plot out the locking sys- tem to meet your needs, a Schematic Plan Department is maintained at our general offices. For information on this free service, or for more details con- cerning the Best Locking System, write our general offices. BEST UNIVERSAL LOCK CO., INC, 10 NORTH SENATE AVENUE ? DEPT. S-I INDIANAPOLIS 4, INDIANA Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 Loyd Wright (Continued) with unauthorized, artifical restrictions have been impeded if not stopped through the efforts of the Special Subcommittee on Government Information of the House Committee on Government Operations which, beginning in the 84th Congress, has directed a searching spotlight toward reluctance of the Ex- ecutive Branch to disclose Government operations. The Commission, therefore, directed its study on an analysis of those classification categories provided for in the Executive Order. There is no question of the necessity or soundness of the classifications Top Secret and Secret. The Top Secret classification, under the order "shall be applied only to that information or material ... the unauthorized disclosure of which could result in ex- ceptionally grave damage to the Nation." The Secret classification is authorized "only for defense informa- tion or material, the unauthorized disclosure of which could result in serious damage to the Nation." Clear illustrations of each type of situation requiring these classifications are set out in the Executive Order. The classification "Confidential," on the other hand, is authorized "only for defense information or material, the unauthorized disclosure of which could be prejudicial to the defense interests of the Nation." (Emphasis added.) Conceivably, the disclosure of any defense information or material could be "prej- udicial" to our "defense interests.". Rarely do individ- ual pieces of information greatly help the enemy. It is when different items are pieced together to form the larger picture that the harm is done. Obviously, however, we cannot throw security safeguards around every scrap of information that "could" possibly prej- udice our defense. To dilute the focus of our security program to this extent would, in fact, be "prejudicial" to our Secret and Top Secret data and necessitate an administrative program unbearable in cost and im- possible of management. The uncertainties of the Confidential classification are compounded by the fact that the Executive Order fails to cite any illus- trations indicative of its intended application. In view of the vague area meant to be encompassed by the classification "Confidential," the abundance of documents and other materials so classified, and their direct relationship to the magnitude of the industrial security program, the Commission early in its study, therefore, was faced with the primary issue whether the "Confidential" category could be abolished. In our considered judgment it could, and we so recom- mended.17 Before taking this precipitous step, the Commission examined the actual use of the "Confidential" classi- fication. We studied a number of documents bearing this classification which came to us in the course of business. Some of them treated of matters which could be said to fall within the prescribed definition only on the impossible basis, referred to above, that the disclosure of any defense information could be prejudicial to our defense interests; many should not have been classified at all. We confirmed to our amazement that Government, though protesting the necessity of the classification, permits each contractor to clear his employees for access to Confidential on the simple proof of citizenship and the absence of known derogatory information. There is no full field investigation nor even a national agency check. In fact, any valid derogatory information a contractor receives would be the result of sheer happenstance or individual ingenuity since the official files of fed- eral, state, and local investigative and law enforcement agencies are usually closed to him. I think that your Society report to the Commission properly wrote off this paradoxial situation in stating: "There appears to be no connection between the criteria for classifying information in the confidential category and the criteria (if any exist) for granting access to confidential information .... It is not neces- sary to be in the business of industrial security for. long to appreciate what little interest the military had evinced in the procedures by which employees are granted Confidential clearances .."18 Official sources readily admit the inconsistency of the Government's position but point to the great cost and administrative difficulties involved if the Govern- ment were to take over the responsibility for clearing for access to Confidential. In short then, the Govern- ment's position is this: In the face of the management burden involved, it is willing to take a calculated risk that the national security will not be jeopardized. As one official in industry has put it . . . sheer administrative convenience has led to allowing an employer to `clear' for the large volume of work which is `confidential.' "19 Many officials have objected and more will no doubt join them, to the Commission's recommendation that the Confidential category be eliminated. A similar clamor met the abolition of the previous category of "Restricted." The wielders of. the security stamps, of course, recovered brilliantly from that blow by the ingenious device of inventing a new classification, "Confidential-Modified Handling Authorized." \1Thatever may be the intended purpose of this category, it should be plain that it, too, falls within the purview of the Commission's recommen- dation. If, of course, the Government-and particular- ly the military-needs some such device to meet an internal situation, it should so demonstrate. But ad- ditional restrictions should not be imposed on defense contractors. It would be ingenious indeed to state that the abolition of "Confidential' will not precipitate cer- tain administrative and other difficulties, particularly in the defense establishment. You cannot create a (Continued on page 26) "Report dated November 5, 1956. p. 11 B. ]"William J. Barron, Labor Relations Counsel. General Electric Com- pany, in an address closing the proceedings of ,'the Seventh An- nual Conference on Labor, New York University, 1955. INDUSTRIAL SECURITY, OCTOBER, 1957 Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 Apr 6/ 7n IA . , DP80501676R00320017 }022- IN W! i The forest pre?cision npadlock made Combinati640' dily changed touEay of b125,000 different com binations by special keyDialing hosts norm??ore than' number each side of set point Automa`tic' locking and automatic ?heel~dispersal? Because this lock s S highly re istant to manipulation," st ss extensively used for -securing classified documents, instruments, gauges, fixtures and tools "For inside use only U. S Gov't spec No. . MIL -P 17257A ' ? 1 ` ate?,. The Key-locking dial has built in dial. shield :protec Lion. Universal application .(R H:=L.H,,.etc:)- The dual-control key-locking .dial ring has three special KEY FUNCTION' Provides- absolute'"security" against entry by,` manipulation through senseof touch or sound by "reading" or" even by"use of`electronic listening"devices Vibrating, or walking of wheels into alignment is prevented by match- ing serrations on.the periphery of-each. wheel and-the engaging fence,,and3with,thenuse of ? statically balanced wheels .All MR? locks are y ~YS9s provided with an approved relocking trigger to prevent entry through punching"the spindle Myr andwheels out of the lock`by force" Available in standard, or spy-proof dial an`d dial nn , UNDERWRITERS' LABORATORIES, INC. GROUP GROUP 1-Conforms to 4 -15596 A No j 6730,MP without spindle tube r !C~~~, No. T ,6735 MP with spindle tube a 1. Key removable when` locked ar,' unlocked Push indicator in to lock; dialautomaticaily. 2. Key removable when -locked, only. 'EENLEAF, INC CHESTER 21, NEW YORK Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 Loyd Wright (Continued) Frankenstein of such proportions and simply wish it away. To mitigate the transition period the Commis- sion, therefore, recommended that the discontinuance of the category apply to future classifications except that industry be permitted immediately to discontinue clearances relating to contracts presently so classified. The difficulties incident to its abolition, however, should not be sufficient reason to justify continuing a system we cannot defend, particularly in the light of the heavy cost to industry, the never-ceasing accu- mulation of papers requiring protection, and, more. serious, the loss of security perspective. There is no validity to the premise "a little bit of security is better than no security," for in the impulse to cover the waterfront we will inadequately protect the vital areas. "We must either approach almost perfect security or dispense with it entirely in certain areas, for one does not acquire, as in other phases of procurement, a cer- tain percentage of security for the amount of money spent. The largest of secrets can slip through the - -smallest of holes, and a single imperfection can neg- ative the entire program ."211 If the Government is willing to gamble on a citizenship check and a clean public reputation as the basis for clearance, it should go one step further and assume that industry in the course of its normal personnel policies will hire per- sons of acceptable character and trust to work on routine defense projects. The Government's obvious minimization of the Confidential category logically raises a presumption that it should be abolished. In the absence of adequate rebuttal by the Government, the presumption should stand. One positive result of the abolition of Confidential, of course, would be to focus proper attention on the meaning and significance of the remaining categories, Secret and Top Secret2l and the necessity of fully protecting information or material so identified. In this the Commission's survey of existing security legis- lation disclosed an anomalous situation. While the unauthorized disclosure of "classified information" by an officer or employee of the Government is subject to criminal penalties under certain conditions, there is no similar statute covering persons not in Govern- ment service, in the absence of proof of actual espion- age. To correct this deficiency the Commission has recommended to Congress the passage of legislation which would establish criminal penalties where any individual willfully and knowingly communicates properly classified Top Secret or Secret information to an unauthorized person.22 Unintentional disclo- sures of classified information or even intentional dis- closures of improperly classified information would not fall within it purview. The statute is not leveled at any one group but would extend to any person having access to classified information, including of course personnel of firms holding defense contracts. This recommendation has, in my opinion, received unmerited criticism from some sources, including newsmen, on the ground that it would impose censor- ship on the press or serve as an instrument for sup- pression of information by corrupt' Government offi- cials. Others, including members of the press, have recognized the basic validity and need for such a law, and I am happy to report we have received no adverse comment from industry. While Government officials in the exercise of judgment are not infallible, never- theless the responsibility for making decisions on clas- sification matters must rest with them, subject to adequate reviews and inspections.23 Absolute security is, of course, not only undesirable but impossible. Breach of trust in the Secret and Top Secret areas, however, must be circumscribed with reasonable but specific penalties. Perhaps the most significant Commission recom- mendation, however, from the standpoint of increas- ing the efficient operation of the industrial security programs, is for the "consolidation of the industrial security programs of the . . : military services into a single, integrated program, devised, controlled, super- vised, and operated by an Office of Security in the Office of the Secretary of Defense.' '24 The Commission took this position in full appreci- ation of the fact that the most frequently prescribed -and often ill-advised-panacea for all the ills that beset the military services is "unification" of oper- ations. It did so in the conviction, however, that no alternative solution could effectively bring an end to the diffusion of responsibility and resulting confusion of operations which currently exist in the adminis- tration of the program. To provide a perspective for this proposal, let us look at the present organizational scheme: The Sec- retary of Defense, conconant with his responsibilities tinder the National Security Act of 1947, as. amend- ed,25 has vested over-all responsibility for developing policies, procedures, and standards in the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Manpower, Personnel, and Reserve. The Assistant Secretary coordinates the in- dustrial security operations of the three separate serv- ices through the Director of the Office of Personnel Security Policy. Three primary documents govern the program; namely, the Armed Forces Industrial Security Regulation, used principally by Government security officers; the - Industrial Security Manual for Safeguarding Classified Information; and the Indus- trial Personnel Security Review Regulation which prescribes a uniform standard and criteria for deter- mining access to classified information. Each of the military departments, however, actually exercises oper- ational control over its own program. On paper this system of individual service autonomy with central co- (Continued on page 28) 20N. S. I. A. Report to CGS, dated October 31, 1956. ""The Commission has proposed a continuing review of the document 21Including also "Atomic Secret" and "Atomic Top Secret," the two classification program. throughout the Government under the super- categories recommended by the Commission for use by the Atomic vision of a Central Security Office. See CGS Report, pp. 89 (92). Energy Commission. See p. 229 of CGS Report. 2'See CGS Report, p. 289. 22For the suggested legislation in its entirety, see CGS Report, p. 737. =15 U. S. C. 171. 26 INDUSTRIAL SECURITY, OCTOBER, 1957 Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 RECORDS SECURITY is INDUSTRIAL SECURITY Storage of Vital Corporate Records and Microfilms in America's Foremost Underground Vaults Gives Your Company Security From: ? ATOMIC DISASTER ? FIRE ? FLOOD ? THEFT ? DETERIORATION ? NATURAL DISASTER Three-ton steel portal gate and armed guards twenty-four One of the offices of the National Storage Company, 220 feet hours a day protect underground vaults. underground in a vein of solid limestone rock. Complete Records Security Programs Available for All Companies Regardless of Size and Geographic Location. We Will be Pleased to Discuss Your Industrial Security and Defense Program With You at Your Third Annual Convention in the Mayflower Hotel. You Will Find Us at BOOTH NUMBER 25 of the, Exhibit Room. NATIONAL STORAGE COMPANY, INC. Pittsburgh, Pa. Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80B01676R003200170022-7 Loyd Wright (Continued) ordination appears sound, particularly considering the size of each program. In practice it has resulted in extensive duplication of procedures, diverse interpre- tation of security regulations and criteria, with in- cident delays, unnecessary costs, and lessened efficiency. The principal criticism appears to be not one of dis- organization but that the jealously guarded organi- zation of each service has resulted in the conduct of three separate programs with consequent unnecessary administrative burdens on industry. The following, for example, are representative statements made by officials of industrial concerns whose opinions were solicited by the Commission: A New York firm: "Briefly, I believe the problems are more of a straight administrative nature and that some of them are re- lated to the fact that there are several types of clear- ances which are obtained and regulated through nu- merous agencies. We have been subjected to quite constant annoyance of submitting personnel security questionnaires and fingerprint cards on a multiple basis. It would seem to me that much would be accomp- lished by a coordination of clearances, no matter what the purpose, into one centralized agency. From the standpoint of industry I believe this would be most helpful." (Emphasis added.) - A Pennsylvania firm: "In some cases a single individual has needed clear- ance for more than one agency, and separate applica- tions and investigations had to be made for each agency involved. Previous clearances for one agency were not accepted by the others. This was time-consuming and wasteful, and appears to us to be unnecessary. Uniform clearance procedures are recommended, together with a central record office so that once an individual is cleared for one agency he does not have to be rein- vestigated by the others. "Also, regulations regarding the safekeeping of clas- sified information are not uniform, even within the same agency." A California firm: "I feel that in the past years any confusion encoun- tered by industry in setting up a security program has been caused by the .failure of government to dele- gate one specific branch of the government to main- tain jurisdiction and be responsible for the establish- ing of a basic security program and assisting industry in developing a program based on its individual needs and problems," (Emphasis added.) The National Defense Committee of the Chamber of Commerce of the United States in a report to the Commission summed up the need for uniformity as follows: ". . it is imperative that we approach security plan- ning on a more permanent and uniformly administered basis. Because present security programs require dif- ferent rules by different agencies, there is a consider- able amount of confusion and duplication in the ad- ministration of the various security programs." It is well to remember that we are not here con- cerned with isolated criticism of the present system. The Commission was in touch with many officials employed in the field of industrial security. Eighty- four percent of those contacted were in favor of vesting administrative responsibility in a single securi- ty agency. In the majority of all reports the Commis- sion received, the general complaint is that most prob- lems encountered by industry have been due to dis- ordered administration caused by the diffusion of re- sponsibility and the resulting proliferation of orders, regulations and interpretations. Under these circumstances, the Commission felt that the establishment of a special office within the Office of the Secretary of Defense for the conduct of the military industrial security programs is imperative. Under its recommendation the proposed Office of Security within the Office of the Secretary of Defense would be an operative office. The industrial security programs of the three armed services would be con- solidated into a single integrated program There would be a single set of regulations and uniform inter- pretation of the regulations. Security personnel now assigned to the individual services would be transferred to the Office of Security and this phase of activity dis- continued within the Departments of Army, Navy, and. Air Force. The industrial security provisions of defense contracts would be under the jurisdiction of the one office, with a resulting uniformity and con- sistency of approach. Some of the advantages readily apparent from a single program would be: standardization of proce- dures; uniform application of security standards and criteria; improved classification, declassification and reevaluation of classification procedures; single agency cognizance for multiple-facility organizations; con- sistency in the interpretation of regulations; expedit- ing of personnel and facility clearances; expedit- ing of reactivation of terminated clearances; easier in- terchange of clearances; elimination of duplicate sur- veys of facilities; and elimination of duplicate person- nel security questionnaires, fingerprint cards and other forms. - Once again it is recognized that the transition to a single program will precipitate certain administrative difficulties. Change in the machinery of Government is always accompanied by labor pains. In the effort io protect more effectively our national security, how- ever, we should not permit the very volume and com- plexity of entrenched procedures to bar sound ad- ministrative reorganization. The creation of a single military industrial program, of course, will not cure some of the administrative problems caused by the presence in this field of civil- ian Government agencies, particularly the Atomic Energy Commission. A number of knowledgeable groups have advocated the principle of central control and operation of all programs by one agency. The Commission considered this proposition but rejected it as administratively and practically unsound. In its opinion the separate substantive responsibilities of the DOD, the AEC, and other interested agencies make complete unification impossible. We did, however, recommend greater centralized coordination. We felt Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80B01676R003200170022-7 Approved For Release 2003/06117 that the basic policies and procedures governing it 1 industrial security programs should be embodied in an Act of Congress or an Executive order'-"- and in- cluded suggested language in it draft "Federal Security Act."27 These provisions have been embodied in the legislation already introduced in the Senate and the House referred to earlier. We have recommended it new independent office, the Central Security Office 2,11 to coordinate not only the industrial security program but also related matters in connection with the civilian employees' loyalty program, the port security program, the document classification program, and the proposed civil air trans- port program. In the industrial security field the Central Security Office would provide for hearings and appeals in personnel security cases; assist in simplify- ing and bringing uniformity to procedures and prac- tices as well as security manuals and forms used in the program; provide instructional discussions for securi- ty personnel; conduct conferences with representatives of industry and Government to correct program oper- ational difficulties; promote greater exchange of clear- ances throughout the program 2" and in general bring about greater uniformity, efficiency, and effectiveness. The Central Security Office would he responsible directly to the President. Unlike the Office of Security proposed for the military industrial programs, it would NC. G. S. Report, p. 289. VC. G. S. Report, pp. 291 (702) (716). 2 se. G. S. Report, p. 89. - z"For the commission's specific recommendation on the transfer of personnel security clearances, see C. G. S. Report, p. 291. CiIA-RDP80B(~1676~~OO~b~(llp~ failure of an lave no opera mg at i agency to comply with general policies, however, would be corrected through the Executive Offices. The institution of new administrative systems, pro- cedures, or regulations in themselves, however, cannot bring new life and greater efficiency to the industrial security programs. In the final analysis the caliber of security personnel, both in government and in indus- try, will determine in large part the degree of protec- tion the national security will receive. "Without minimizing organization, methods and other elements, the prime requisite of a good administration is com- petent staff, particularly top-level staff."30 In an early conference, Dean Roscoe Pound of the Harvard Law School, an adviser to the Commission, commented that it is more important to obtain men of integrity and common sense as security officers than it is to have a detailed set of security regulations. Rules and regu- lations, like death and taxes, we will continue to have, of course, but the need for competent men of demon- strated good judgment and character is perhaps great- er in the security field than in many other occupations. The admixture of economic, legal, ideological, and sociological forces which come in to play in this area demand that security matters rest in responsible and capable hands. I have been gratified and surprised by the high pro- (Continued on next page) """Staffing Democracy's Top Side" by John A. Perkins, President. University of Delaware-Public Administration Review, Winter 1957. IMPREGNABLE IRON MOUNTAIN DISASTER PROOF STORAGE FACILITIES Entrance to Iron Mountain Atomic Storage Vaults ATTENTION COMPANY EXECUTIVES If you are charged with the responsibility of safe- guarding your company's irreplaceable records against all catastrophes - including atomic attack - Iron Mountain Atomic Storage Corporation offers a natural underground fortress for storage deep in the heart of a mountain. In this former iron mine, nature, assisted by man, provides the business executive with complete protection for his vital and irreplaceable records. ABSOLUTE PROTECTION The entrance is guarded by a 28 ton bank vault door and armed guards 24 hours a day. Air conditioning and humidity control maintain continual archival stor- age conditions. INDUSTRIAL SECURITY, OCTOBER, 1957 Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 MICRO FILM FACILITIES Iron Mountain provides, as a service to customers, micro film facilities including readers, splicing equip- ment and specially designed steel storage compartments for systematic cataloguing and filing. WRITE FOR DESCRIPTIVE LITERATURE The full story of Mountain cannot be told here. You can get the complete story free, by writing to - IRON MOUNTAIN ATOMIC STORAGE CORPORATION Box 312 Hudson, N. Y. Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 Loyd Wright (Continued) fessional level of security personnel in industry and in government. The very existence of the American Society for Industrial Security and the recognition it has received in a few short years attests to the growing stature of your profession. But your goal is not achieved. While most companies are attracting com- petent personnel with adequate compensation, recog- nition, and authority, a few continue to regard secu- rity work as a necessary but temporary evil, to be tolerated but not encouraged. This short-sighted at- titude, of course, ignores the incontrovertible fact that security precautions will be a mandatory requisite of defense contractors as long as the menace of external and internal subversion continues. The arrest of ad- ditional Soviet spies is clear evidence that subversive activity has not abated. Boris Morros, recently re- vealed FBI counter-intelligence agent, was reported as stating, "I want to emphasize that the Russian plot is far more strongly organized in this country and throughout the world than is generally understood by our .people." American businessmen are not entirely blameless for the spirit and drift of the times. The protection of our treasured freedoms is not the sole responsibility of Government-it is the responsibility of every Walsh (Continued) But development and produc- tion are not enough when we face an adversary that has multiplied its own industrial strength to com- petitive peak. We must maintain our lead over a foe whose total ability to make war, in terms of sources of supply, plants and avail- able labor pool, almost matches our own. To succeed we must do more than develop and produce. We must protect what we already have! We must keep knowledge of our weapons program away from the enemy as long as possible. It is obvious that if our lead consist of technical "know-how" it will evaporate in direct proportion to the extent our enemy learns that "know-how." Security is vital to de- fense and security in industry is as necessary as security in the military. In many cases it is more important because we build our lead in in- dustry. And it is the industrial se- curity officer who will be responsi- ble for maintaining that security. The security officer in industry, more than any other person or agency, is charged with the task of insuring that whatever lead time we are able to achieve in new weap- American, and particularly of those who control American industry. "If we are to preserve human liberty and freedom, we cannot leave it to the poli- ticians, their paid agents, and Government bureaus We must leave it to the people who are students of liberty and freedom, who understand that liberty is indivisible, who understand that the free market not only in ideas but the free market in goods and services, including the money market, are integral parts of a free society."31 Industrial executives must recognize their own personal responsibilities and give the job of security the attention and support it deserves. Those directly engaged in industrial security cannot carry out their obligations efficiently or even satisfactorily with- out the personal help, encouragement, and participa- tion of top management. I join with every patriotic American in praying that there will be true peace in our time, but nothing I have learned, officially or personally, . justifies its pre- diction. The universal recognition of this truth by industry will not only benefit industry itself, but also directly contribute to the safety and welfare of our 31Dr. Emerson P. Schmidt, Director of Economic Research, Chamber of Commerce of the United States in an address before the Mort- gage Bankers Association, New York City, April 16, 1957, as re- printed in part in The Freeman, August 1957. ons development is not lost through industrial espionage, malicious dis- closure, or gross negligence. On his shoulders falls the great responsi- bility for protecting the data which means a balance of power favorable to the U. S. Such grave responsi- bility ought not be taken-or given -lightly. By what standards, then, shall we measure a person for this re- sponsibility? Certainly the Indus- trial Security Officer of 1944, or 1950, would find the situation to- day very different from what it was then. The lessons learned during WW II and in Korea have account- ed for many changes both of con- cept and procedure in the present industrial security program. One standard, therefore, is that the se- curity officer know the program. This means much more than a casual acquaintance with the In- dustrial Security Manual. It means a clear understanding of the re- lationship between Government and Industry through every phase of the procurement program from bidders' lists to shipping docu- ments. It means an appreciation of the rationale of the program through study of its development since 1940. Such milestones as the Armed Services Procurement Act and Regulations, Executive Orders 9835, 10450, 10104, and 10501, the Department of Defense Industrial Personnel Security Review Regula- tions, and the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 ought to be part of the Security Officer's working knowl- edge, not mere references! He should be on intimate terms with the Bonsai Committee Report of the N. Y. C. Bar Association, the Johnston Sub-committee report of the U. S. Senate, the report of the Industrial Personnel Security Re- view Program of the Department of Defense, the Wright Commis- sion Report, and the landmark fed- eral court cases of Kreznar vs Wil- son, Green vs Wilson and Cole vs Young. These are staples in the security diet. The second requirement is that the Industrial Security Officer must know his firm. He must know what it does and what it can do as well as the operating staffs. Much un- necessary difficulty has been en- countered by Industrial Security people because of ignorance of their own organizations. It is ?im- (Continued on page 32). Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 'AUTO'mPHOTO IDENTIFICATION EQUIPMENT A TIME AND MONEY SAVING FACTOR...A NECESSITY FOR INDUSTRYS SECURITY NEEDS AUTO-PHOTO ID_ EQUIPMENT is the answer to m ajor industries photo security prob- lems ... law -enforcement agencies. Present users inves- tigated and compared all other available methods before Be sure to see us at Booth 28, Mayflower Hotel, Washington, D.C. OCTOBER 28-30 Contact us to help you with your identification problems. For information, write: PHOTOME, Ltd. / 12 Portman Mews, south FOTOFIX, G.m.b.H / K65 refeld, Yorckstrasse London Wt, England Krefeld, West Germany Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 iI'nlc~ (~nntinuAp roved For Release1L2003 06mes #aI, ;I oRP PPE 1s676%)q~2%17R032ir~ this document possible, and certainly very foolish, to sit in the seclusion of an office and issue procedures affecting or- ganization elements whose real pur- pose is unknown. A considerable job of ferreting and foot-slogging falls to the security officer. He should expect it and be an active student of his firm's operations. Its a simple truth that you cannot un- derstand what you do not first know. It follows with equal truth that you cannot regulate what you do not understand. Third on the list of requirements for the Security Officer is Impar- tiality. Whether a clerk or a vice- president permits an unauthorized disclosure, the net result is the same-security compromise! A pro- gram designed for an entire. firm will never work if it is applied rig- orously to the lower levels but stops. at the door to the executive suite. Management attitude will key the attitude of the whole or- ganization-for good or bad. The program must be made active at every level. A Security Officer who deliberately avoids this responsi- bility is doing all concerned a dis- service and his salary is a wasted investment. As a fourth requirement I would list Decisiveness. Situations arise daily which do not always fall with- in the precise letter of the security regulations but which must be re- solved immediately because of dan- gerous practices involved. Unless a security officer be prepared to de- cide such issues at once he runs the serious risk of losing respect for the program. Evasive tactics, dodg- ing the issue, or ignoring it in the hope it will correct itself, can undo months of indoctrination and edu- cation. It is possible to add qualities al- most indefinitely to this checklist. No mention has yet been made of loyalty to the United States or of personal integrity, yet these are fundamental requirements without which an effective security program is unattainable. My purpose, how- ever, is not to exhaust the list but simply to reeemphasize a few quali- ties which the security officer, him- Given a Security Officer who possesses these qualities, and the others necessary to the position, what is he expected to do for the firm which employs him? More important, what are the obligations to his country which he assumes with his title? Again, a detailed list of duties would be a lengthy docu- ment. There are a smaller number, however, which take a priority. It is these we shall consider. Before anything else there must be a clear understanding of his authority and the limits placed on it. He must have a voice in the making of security policy. Too often a security organization is given the task of enforcement but has no part in establishing the substance of the program. Security is intended to prevent loss of infor- mation. Only secondarily is its function to detect and apprehend a violator. The bulk of a security officer's expert talent should be di- rected at isolating and prescribing safeguards for the weak links in the chain. If the program is decided by persons not experts and the security officer is a mere policeman, there is the greatest likelihood that the pro- gram will fail of its objective. The very first responsibility of a secu- rity officer, then, is to convince management that he is a part of the management team. From this, the second responsi- bility flows directly. The Security Officer who constructs the program must tailor it for his firm. An air- frame manufacturer will not have the same problems as an engineer- ing consultant service. A supplier of electronic components will be in a very different position from a shipbuilder. The Department of Defense makes its position clear in this regard with the requirement in the Security Agreement and the Revised Security Manual that con- tractors shall prepare security stand- ard practices procedure. The Gov- ernment Manual prescribes some general rules. Industry, company by company, must apply these rules. The Standard Practices Procedure becomes a contractor's "security that the program is form-fitted to the company. Unless the bible fits the company the security program will be either a series of crises or blunders. It is the security officer who must decide how his company will comply with general regula- tions. If he doesn't do it, or doesn't do it well, it is fairly certain no one else will. The third important responsibil- ity of the security officer is to build a strong security consciousness with- in his organization. People in gen- eral, Americans in particular, are reluctant to accept regulation-and especially so if it effects freedom of movement or expression. The only way to make this type of reg- ulation work is to convince the objectors that it is truly necessary to achieve a greater good. This means clear and frequent explana- tion of the purpose and effects of security "do's" and "dont's." Noth- ing will provoke hostility more quickly than arbitrary or capricious rule making in the grand authori- tarian style of "Do it or else." At the worst will result an active re- sistance ' which makes the security officer appear ridiculous and marks the end of his usefulness. At best there will be only token com- pliance, and this sort of passive resistance is a dry rot that in time, leaves a shell to the program. The responsibility for security educa- tion is a continuing one and in- volves every employee'from the moment of hire to the day of ter- mination. More than all the locks and badges, effective Security Edu- cation contributes to success. The experiences of advertising, psychol- ogy, industrial relations and hu- man engineering are available to aid the Security Officer in this re- sponsibility. He must have the sense to use them. Quite honestly, we recognize at Du Mont that we have just scratched the surface in this field. Our major security ef- forts are now bent on a good edu- cation program. We feel that our own people will cooperate willingly once they have a clear idea of the reasons. Fourth among the Security Offi- cer's prime responsibilities I would INDUSTRIAL SECURITY, OCTOBER, 1957 Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 rank Cooperation with other firms and other industries. And I mean active cooperation, in a spirit of mutual help, to work out common problems. After 'all, each of us is pledged to do the very same job- protect defense information en- trusted to our firms. It doesn't make much sense if one firm af- fords certain classified information maximum protection and then lends or transmits it to another firm which permits its compromise through laxness or ignorance. I think an'example of what I'm talk- ing about will be familiar to us all. Determining visit categories is an area where greater cooperation is necessary. Some firms make a real effort to bring visit requests within the spirit as well as the letter of security regulations. Others take the course of least resistance. It may be more time consuming and require more administration to process a category 4 visit than to use rather general terms and han- dle it as a category 2, or pre-con- tractual visit. But a regular, tongue- in-cheek practice of doing the lat- ter, is not only bad security, it is a contemptuous disregard for the labors of firms genuinely attempt- ing to comply. Elimination of prac- tices such as this is a goal of mutual cooperation. Another facet of cooperation is interested membership in profes- sional organizations. This must go beyond the clinking of cocktail glasses at annual banquets. To be meaningful it must include commit- tee work and research projects. The professional groups are local as well as national in scope. Every security officer will find an organi- zation suitable for his needs. He in turn should contribute to the needs of others, through the organization, by bringing to it the benefit of his advice and experience. Voluntary meeting with the mili- tary, who have the often frustrating job of policing the industrial se- curity program, is another means of cooperating. Such meetings go a long way towards promoting better understanding, and hence better security. The last responsibility of a secu- rity officer which deserves special mention is his obligation of effi- ciency. This is not quite the same as saying he must provide optimum security. It is that certainly, but it is more. It is the requirement that he do it within reasonable budget- ary limits and that he keep his or- ganization trim and smart. There has been an increasing trend to set up security organizations with divi- sional or departmental status and to require formal security budgets. This is a sound business practice and should be followed wherever possible. While it is true that se- curity is a service organization and consequently a 100% cost item, it is also true that business experience has shown service organizations to be amenable to cost control meth- ods. Optimum security does not necessarily imply maximum ex- pense. On the other hand, a security group which has to beg for each pencil and eraser will not produce the desired result. A security officer who is familiar with cost control and who runs his organization with- in a well conceived budget which allows for contingencies is a cor- porate asset. It should also be re- membered that many security costs are directly chargeable to the classi- fied contacts in connection with which they are incurred. A formal budget will make these items readi- ly identifiable and will permit proper allocations. In further connection with costs, the Security Officer should be made aware of classified requests for quotations which are directed to his company in order that he may furnish an estimate of probable security costs for his firm's guid- ance in submitting its proposal. This is especially true in the fixed price type of contract where a large security cost, overlooked in pre- paring a proposal, could result in a loss to the company. It is not the intent of the industrial security program to cause a contractor to incur losses. However, the contrac- tor must make timely demand for his legitimate, reimbursable costs. In the area of security, it is only reasonable to expect this informa- tion from the security officer. My purpose has been to select for comment a few of what I con- sider to be the more important at- tributes and functions of the Indus- trial Security Officer, in the hope that these remarks, in some way, will have contributed to a better appreciation of his very real im- portance to the defense effort. Without attempting to be dramatic I should like to close with one final observation. The Industrial Securi- ty Officer is a man with a mission. Upon its true and faithful execu- tion may well depend our national survival! Industrial Defense (Continued) theft and pilferage, as well as sabo- tage, fire and flood. If the United States industrial base were not plagued by annual losses of millions resulting from theft and pilferage, we would have few members in this Society. Indus- trial Defense is designed to prevent these two afflictions to the maxi- mum possible degree through the application of the most modern principles of plant protection. There are those who claim that only personnel security clearance programs can prevent sabotage. We submit that such administrative methods play an important role in sabotage prevention, even though an academic one. We further sub- mit though, that the saboteur may not require clearance prior to scal- ing a wall, sweeping an office, driv- ing a soft-drink truck, or effecting entry through an unprotected sew- er line. The physical protection of critical areas, access to which may require no clearance, is as vital to continued production as the certainty that classified blueprints are only in the hands of those who have been properly investigated. Industrial Defense means the pre- vention of sabotage through the identification of critical areas and their subsequent protection against unauthorized entry. We keep the professional saboteur out-the one who does not bother to fill out a personal history statement. Fire as an occupational industri- al hazard needs no clarification. (Continued on page 34) Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 Industrial Defense (Continued) Our Industrial Defense specialists do not profess to check on the abil- ities of the Fire Underwriters rep- resentatives. We do, however, like to see that their recommendations are implemented immediately and not eleven months later, prior to their next annual visit. Good fire protection means lower insurance rates to your companies and to us it means less chance of interrupted production. Without that produc- tion we cannot fight. In addition, we also explore the type of employ- ee fire brigade a key facility has in being. If needed, we fulfill our mis- sion of assisting and advising mana- gement of such facilities by guiding them along the path which culmi- nates in the establishment of such an auxiliary fire force. Fire means loss of production time-reduction of lost production time . is Indus- trial Defense. Those members, and the com- panies they represent, who are lo- cated in the New England, Kansas City and Yuba City areas (to men- tion only a few), know what floods mean to production. For full scale disasters, Texas City companies can speak with authority. Industrial Defense does not prevent them. We can, however, apply Industrial De- fense principles in minimizing the effects of damage from such pro- duction killers. How high will the water go in your plant if the nearest dam breaks (there is no such thing as an impossibility), or if a sud- den 6-inch rainfall falls in a few hours? It can't happen here? Ask the citizens of Chicago-it happen- ed to them a few weeks ago. "Massive Nuclear and thermo- nuclear attack can come only on paper in the annual Operation Alert!" Many have made this state- ment. We call it "The Prelude To A Lethargic State of Apathy," and would like to see the crystal ball of those adhering to this school of thought. The unclassified "Assump- tion for 1957" published as an Ad- visory Bulletin by FCDA tells us clearly and logically what the "po- tential" enemy can do. Some of our top military leaders have pub- licly stated that if this country is attacked, some of the bombers will get through. Is your plant going to be hit? If you can answer this question in the negative, you do not need the portion of Industrial Defense designed to help our key facilities plan against overt enemy attack. This then is Industrial Defense in a nutshell. A big puzzle which spells continuity of production and service when the pieces are proper- ly fitted together. Department of Defense Survey officers visit key facilities at specified intervals to survey their progress in our field and assist and advise management in the voluntary development of industrial defense programs fitted to each particular plant. The United States Army trains these officers at the Provost Mar- shal. General's School at Fort Gor- don, on the outskirts of Augusta, Georgia. The Provost Marshal Gen- eral and his Military Police Corps are charged by the Army with Physical Security 'responsibilities and Industrial Defense training. To achieve the latter objective, a three- week industrial defense survey course is presented at the Military Police School. This course is taught in a special classroom equipped with amphitheater-type seating around a thirty-square foot scale model of an industrial complex. In addition, our classroom is "rigged" with the latest intrusion detection devices from electric eyes through ultra- sonic, and equipped with special types of locks. Our students, Department of De- fense Industrial Survey Specialists, have to set up a complete industri- al defense program for the model complex, which is theoretically lo- cated in a large city on the East Coast. To make the instruction more realistic we burn the place, blow it up, and drop a thermo- nuclear "egg" on the city. All the student has to do is to have a pro- gram which in each case will cause minimum interruption in produc- tion. Rough-yes, but every class ac- complishes its goal prior to gradu- ation. The subjects covered in the three weeks of intensive study include Business Organization, Economic Mobilization, Plant Protection Hazards, Fire Protection, Plant Pro- tection Organizations, Disaster Planning, Industrial Mutual Aid Organization, Continuity of Indus- trial Personnel, Personnel Protec- tion. Restoration of Functional Production Areas and Restoration of Utility Service, to name some. The School provides our people with basic ingredients to successful Industrial Defense Surveys. Our in- struction is based upon realism and continuing contact with our field personnel. This then is Industrial Defense- its major components and the way the Army trains the users of these tools. Security is as strong as the weak- est link. Industrial Security without Industrial Defense spells weakness. If we are indeed a Society for In- dustrial Security, let us not do only half the job, but also initiate In- dustrial Defense. In a conflict, hot or cold, limited or general, we pit the economy of one nation against that of another. Economy is de- pendent on Industrial Production. Without that production we can- not win-with it, we cannot lose. TRAINING FILM SYMPOSIUM. ON SECURITY The Department of Defense will release a new industrial security training film. The new color film is called "Symposium On Security" and is designed primarily for show- ing to audiences of scientific, en- gineering, and technical personnel. This is a 16mm technicolor film that runs for `'4 minutes. It consists of a series of presentations by top government and scientific authori- ties and a discussion of security practices as they affect persons en- gaged on classified research and development projects for the De- partment of Defense. It is expected that cognizant sec- urity offices of the Military Depart- ments will have prints available for loan about the first of November. The film will be available for pur- chase through commercial channels within the next six weeks. As soon as arrangements have been com- pleted for the sale of the film an announcement will be made in a Department of 'Defense Industrial Security Letter, quoting the price and giving instructions regarding the placing of orders 'for the film. 34 INDUSTRIAL SECURITY, OCTOBER, 1957 Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7 Approved For Release 2003/06/17 00170022-7 NOW -- ONE COMPLETE PACKAGE --FOR GOVERNMENT AND INDUSTRIAL SECURITY Mosler's Technical Investigative Kit has been specially de- signed to serve as a technical aid in surveillance, intelligence, and counter-intelligence work. It packs neatly into one standard size briefcase, of regular appearance, 14 electronic components which can be hooked up in various combinations to fulfill almost any monitoring assignment. Basic components include three miniature FM transmitters and a high gain FM receiver. ? Only equipment of its type. ? Field tested by working agents for over 10 years. ? 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With ADT Protection, your detection and alarm devices receive the same specialized attention that is given to approximately 63,000 commercial and industrial installations from coast to coast and to systems used by more than 30 Government agencies in upward of 300 locations. Even overseas, ADT supervises the installation of its security alarm systems, gives specialized training to maintenance personnel and makes periodic inspections. No other organization has the extensive facilities and the years of experience to provide such service. inspections , testsan complete r>, ainten nce Let us tell you how these and other ADT systems can protect your property: INTRUSION DETECTION - For perimeters Telapproach Electronic Fence (capacitance alarm) Invisible Ray Alarm (modulated photoelectric) PREMISES ALARM - For doors, windows and other accessible points TELAPPROACH - For safes and metal cabinets PHONETALARM - For vaults (sound detection) ULTRASONIC ALARM - For storage vaults and rooms (not recommended for bank vaults) FIRE ALARM -Manual and Automatic, Sprinkler Supervisory and Waterflow Alarm WATCHMAN AND GUARD SUPERVISION An ADT protection specialist will be glad to review your requirements and supply complete information. Call our local sales office; or write to our Executive Office. Controlled Companies of AMERICAN DISTRICT TELEGRAPH COMPANY A NATIONWIDE ORGANIZATION Executive Office: 155 Sixth Avenue, New York 13, N. Y. Approved For Release 2003/06/17 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R003200170022-7