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Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Q Next 1 Page(s) In Document Denied Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107/07: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 LRRARY OF CONGRESS ? TECHHCA 1~9FO~ti~ATi?~ DIVISION ~. Photo IgiterpretatIofl A BIBLIOGRAPHY Waldron WASHI NGTON MARCH 1955 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107/07: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Library of Congress Technical Information Division PHOTO ~gTg{pRFrATION TDCENIQUES Joseph A. Guy~r and Vincent CWaldron Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107/07: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 TABLE OF CONTENTS Preface Journal title abbreviations vii I Principles and theory of photo interpretation 1 1 General . A. B tltograDhie s 13 2.. Photographic characteristics of vegetation and terrain 1 3 Photographic materials and equipment 24 II Methods and techniques of pboto interpretation 3~ 1. General 2, Instruments and aids to photo. .terpretation 41 3. Keys to the identification and interpretation 4 of objects in photographs 9 III Applications of photo interpretation in various fields 53 1. General 53 2. Ecology 57 67 3. Geology 79 1+ Geography . 5 Physiography and geomorphology 84 . 92 6. Hydrography 7 Soil classification 95 . 8. Forestry 105 a. Forest surveys 115 Forest inventory b 123 . c. Forest management 134 141 9 Engineering . 10. Military science 14g Author index 153 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 PREFACE The bibliography on photo interpretation techniques has been pre- pared at the request of the Wright Air D velopment Center as a task under Delivery Order (33-616) 52-20. Scope The bibliography, compiled in conjunction with a larger bibli- ography on vegetation and other land-surface phenomena important to photo interpretation, consists of annotated references to published literature on the subject issued during tine approximate perio: e-f 6~5-i95~ M,t.~r1a1 on the theory. principles, methods and techniques of photo interpretation and the application of the techniques in various scientific and technological fields, has been included, In- formation on cameras, lenses, and other photographic equipment has been excluded, unless the reference had a definite bearing on photo interpretation. The bibliography is not as complete as it might have been. For administrative reasons; it has been necessary to terminate the project before all possible sources could be searched and annotated. It is felt, however, that the material compiled to date meets the original objectives of the task sufficiently to merit publication. Sources searched A systematic search was made of the following abstract sources for pertinent material: Bibliography of Agriculture Biological Abstracts Forestry Abstracts Searches were also made of selected journals in the fields of photo- grammetry, geography; forestry, geology, and engineering. Further material was obtained from the bibliographies listed in Section I-la of this volume, from literature references appended to various publi- cations included herein, and from the Official Catalog of the Library of Congress. For reasons stated above, verification and processing of pertinent material was confined largely to holdings in the Library of Congress and the Library of the Department of Agriculture. Form of Entrl The normal form of entry for periodical references is author, title, and journal, giving volume, date, and pagination; for books and pamphlets the form is author, title, place of publication, pub- lisher, year, and pagination. The abbreviations for journal titles are based on those used in the World List of Scientific Periodic .s, with such modifications as were found to be necessary. A list of the abbreviations used for words commonly appearing in serial titles Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 that journal foil ows immediate 1;r" after this Preface. The books or number given at the lower right of the citation i of Congress, unless otherwise designated by the following code: DA Department of Agriculture LP Purdue University NN New York Public Library p~;~i(1 New York University Classification The bibliography is arranged according to subject tion which 1 ''Csl " cu to r--- to rerrn~i t. rapid. location o 5 IL-- - or broad ds of principles, methods, and upecific applications i oa ~ photo interpretation techniques are subdivided further t_ grUi,ipillg or about ~. 4V O ~i references in each section. major Each reference has been classified on the oas each of its have field of interest; cross references at the end material section have been used to indicate ocher references containing pertinent to that section. As a further aid to finding material, it is sug- gested that the table of contents be consulted for related subject mate~'ial. Annotations The annotations are of two types. Full, informatiabbttrraaCts have been given for those references in foreign languages, or for material not readily available. Shorter, descriptive anncantlitera- have been given for references ro readily available tore. In both cases, emphasis has been on the subject mat raof the bibliography. In describing photo interpretation techniques their applications, no attempt has been made to evaluate methods critically. Ackro'~1_edgments The compilers wish to acknowledge the assistance of other members ticularly Mabel H. EU-e1?, of the Technical Information Division, pax' Arnold J. Jacobius, and Arthur G. Renstrom for considerable aid in the volume Searching and abstracting, Dor1s C. Yates for preparing for publication, and the staff of the Publication o Section ,for its work on the reproduction., ThanxseR~Smith, ~~ R. W. State, Capt. R. E. Stevenson, Capt. Wallace Lt. R. Smith, and Lt. W. N. Wilson of Wright Air Devvelop nntT.enter for initiation and guidance of the project, and t r u8 O`Neill for valuable advice on the techniques of photo interpretation of vegetation. Washington, D. C. i4arch 1956 vi Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 0 JOTJB AL TIC ABBREVIATIONS The following is a key to the abl.reviations for words used in the journal titles cited in this publication. ac ad. aeronaut. agric. akad. allgem. arkt. arsb. assoc. Au stral . bibliogr. biol. biull. bot. Brit. bull. bur. Canad. coll. cC . compt. rend. conf. congr. dept. deutsch. div. ecol. eng. exper. academy, academie aeronautics agriculture Qkadem~.4 allgemein.. American arktichesk.. arsbok association Australian bibliografifa, bibliographic, bibliografiebesk.. biologichesk.. biulleten botanichesk.., Botanika Britain, British bulletin bureau Canadian college committee compte rendu conference congress department deutsche division ecology engineering experimental vii 1 E. i Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 for starch. franc. geod. geofiz. geogr. geol. eonhvs. gesell. gic1rol. glav. gosud. gov. gravimetr. helv. holzwirt indus. inst. internat. ispyt. issled. izd.-vo izvest. jahrb. jour. Kazakhsk. kartogr. khoz. lab. les. for starchiv franraise geodez. . geofizichesk.. geographical, geografiia, geografichesk.., geografisk, geographic.. geologique, geologic(al), ge ?13gychc Nk ? . gco physic s ~eselicchaf - g rolog1 hesk.. glavn.. gosudarstvenn.. government gravimetr.. Helvetic.. holzwirtschaft industriia, thdustri institut.., institute international ispytalel.. issledovanie, issiedovatel'ck.. izdatel'stvo izvestiia jahrbuch journal Kazakhsk.. kartograf.. khoziaistv.. lab orator iia, laboratory lesn.. viii Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 lesoekspioat. lesotech. luftfahrtforsch. mag mater. milit. nat. nauch. obshch. odt. olenevod. photogramm. poliar. prir. proizvod, promyshl. proc. publ. quart. re c. rifer. rept. re 8. rev. sci. sect. ser. lesoeksploatatsiia lesotechnichesk.. luftfahrtforschung magazine materialy metailurgical military national nauchno ob shche sty. . odtelenie olenevodstv., photogramtric polfarn.. prirod.. proizvodstyenn.. promysblennost' proceedings publication quarterly records referaty report research review, revue science section serifs, series, serie Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 0 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 I sko gindus , sko dsfor, Po. soobshch. covet Ste, tekhno~ ; tids3 . tir3..,.,_ topoesj'. trans, tsentr, tuliy, uprayl. s~ogindustri , s1cogsvardsf.. s':ov2' ?reningen yoobs orenin$ hchenifa sovetsk station tecologY +nl."`~~1Checa, ticzsjQ'i ft tidssk,ift topogz.a transactions tseltral'n, . uniyersitY upraYlenie vsesoi~. r k x S zejtschr zer~e~l. Zhur. ?;` soruzn zeitsc~.ift hJQeAli. . Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107/07: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 skogindus. skogsvardsfor. skovf or. soobshch. sovet. sta. technol. +-a- tidskr. tidsskr. topogr. trans. tsentr. Univ. upravl. vsesoiuz. zeitschr. zemledel. zhur. skogindustri skogsvardsforeningen skovforening soobshchenifa sovetsk.. station technology tekhnichesk,., tekhnika tidslrift tidss'krift topograf i . . transactions tsentral'n.. university upravlenie vse soruzn. . zeitschrift zemledeli.. zhurnal Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107/07: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 I Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 PHOTO INTERPRETATION TECHNIQUES PRINCIPLES AND THEORY OF PHOTO INTERPRETATION 1. General AbraL1B, T. ESSENTIALS OF AERIAL SURVEYING AND PHOTO INTERPRFATION. New York, McGraw-Hill, Inc., 194+, 289 p.~incl. photos, maps, diagrs., tables. TA593.A5l~, 1944 The treatise on aerial surveying and photo interpretation includes: a short exposition of the mathematics involved in aerial surveying, cartography, orientation, topographic drafting, aerial photographs, stereo vision, interpretation, ground form lines, plotting instruments, relief models, restitution and rectification of aerial photographs, template methods of radial line control, construction of mosaics, and trimetrogon charting. A glossary of terms, and a short bibliography are included. 2 Andrews, G. S. NOTES ON INTERPRETATION OF VERTICAL AIR PHOTOGRAPHS. Forestry Chronicle, v. 16 (3) 1946: 202-215. DA-99.8 F7623, v. 16 Items discussed in this paper include: (1) The pictorial elements such as tone, texture, shadows, and outlines which to- gether build up a comprehensive picture; (2) to influences of central perspective and scale; (3) outstanding terrain features which include water, rock outcrops, alpine slides, snow, ice, and forest types. Relatively detailed notes are given on forest types, with particular reference to those found in British Co- l~mnbia. (Forestry Abs~r. in part) Bagley, J. U. AEROPHOTOGRAPHY AND AEROSURVEYING. New York, McGraw-Hill, Inc., 1941, 324 p.~incl. photos., diagr., tables. T 810.B25, 1941 The following subjects are treated in this text on aerial photography and surveying: cameras and their accessory instru- n nts, lenses, _filters, and shutters; requirements and prepara- tion for photographic flights; laboratory equipment and its use; reading and interpretation of photographs; geometrical charac- teristics of aerial photographs; principles of photographic transformations, and transforming printers; principles of stere- Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Photo int.erpretaticn oscopy and photogrammetry; tilt-detetTth1 tig methods; methods of obtaining elevations and contours from aerial photographs; plot- ting methods and instruments; mosaic rapa and aerial phctoSral ting a as illustrations; e:etho-5 of horizontal and vertical control by j ground surreys map p:'njCctiofls, grids, forms, and reproduction; errors and correction measures, and calibration o cameras. f. r+.+T . T ~ / t~ ~i l l-. ill e F Brown, I. W. MANNA? OF CLASSROOM fl STP;UC'1'l OL' b u4 AERiJL fl O'iO ~ . ~ - ..T BOURSE OF S ~TUDY. Jackson Miss. Miss. State Highway Sri01;?1 Division 1952, 239 p o~ incl. diagrs., Dept., Traffic and Planning ' TA593?gI5, 1852 tah1Pa_ ed for a short introductor y course of The manual, design study in aerial photo interpretation stereoscopic ~avrk~is presented. 5 Colwell, R. N. In Amer . Soc. FTI(YIoGRAPFIIC I'i ATION FOR CIVIL PUPIPOS . Photogranms Manual of Photogrammetry, 22d. ed..,dWashington, D. C,, 1952, p. 535-602, incl. illus., ~,9J~A63, 1952 The value and scope of photographic interpretation are . briefly outlined. Basic considerations such asdeharacd teri8thotoiC of photographic images, means of obtaining the graphic image, viewing of the image, qualifications of a good photo interpreter, and aids to photo interpretation are reviewed.. Specific applications to geology, forestry, agriculture, engi-? veering, and geography are discussed. Colwell R. IL, K. E. Bradshaw, E. T. U. Smith, R. Thoren,and 6 C. A. J. von Drabbe. IC~TFRPRETATION} fi0 THE REPORT OF COMMISSION VII (PHOTO . INTERItATIONAL SOCIETY OF PHOTOr.RAM'ETRY? Fhoto~~~.En ables. V. 18, June 1952: 375-x+5'-> i.-~cl. photos,~593?A2-pi' v. 18 Recent progress in the field of photo inirp etation is outlireC- with e general survey of photographic reconnaibsance and photo interpretation equipment, material and techniques. photographic interpreter are The desirable characteristics photo interpretation in natural given. The world pr gr resource inventories as well as photo interpretation ~~ ibvmm applied zed. earth science and in military inteL.ige [160 refa.3 . Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Principles and theory 7 rolweli, B. N. A SYSTEMATIC ANALYSIS OF SOME FACTORS AFFECTING PHOTOGRAPHIC INTERPRETATION. Photograarn. Eng., v. 20, June 1954: 433-454, incl. photos, diagrs., table. TA593?A2P5 Photo interpretation, the act of examining the photographic images of objects to identify them and deduce their significance is affected basically by 'actors governing the quality and the perception of photographic images. The primary factors con- sidered as governing the quality of photographic images are tone and color characteristics, image sharpness characteristics, and stereoscopic parallax characteri+3tics. Conditions affecting each of these factors are discussed. Factors governing the perception and interpretation of photo images are the visual and mental acuity of the photo interpreter, his equipment, and his technique. Conditions modifying each of these factors are also discussed. [18 refs.) 8 ? Fersman, A. E., ed. [n E DATA ON ZHE PHOTO INiTRPRETATION OF AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHS] Mater ialy po deshifrirovaniiu aerosnimkov. [Sbornik. Sver- dlovsk?], Izdatel'stvo Akad. Nauk SSSR, 1942, 95 p., incl. illus. TA593.F4 The various aspects and uses of photo interpretation include discussions concerning photo interpretation theory and its problems (caveman, A. V., 1942), geographical analysis of deserts (Fedorovich, B. A., 1542) and of marshlands (Galkina, E. A., 1942) for military operations, as well as the applica- tion of photo interpretation in the research fields of geology (Miroshnicheriko, V. P., 12112), hydrology (Predtechenski~, N. P., 1942), and forestry (Samoilovich, G. G. 1942). 9 Frost, R. E. DISCUSSION OF PHOTO RECOGNITION, ANALYSIS, AND INTERPRETATION AND PHOTO KEYS. Photogramm. Eng., v. 18, June 1952: 502- TA593.A2P5 A brief review and discussion emphasizes three methods of photo study: recognition, analysis, and interpretation, each with different requirements for successful use. A photo inter- pretation key serves to aid identification of objects and analysis of patterns; it does not interpret. 3 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 P'aoto interpretation 10 Frost, R. E. m AtRPUOTO-TTrRFRETATION PROGRAM QF RESEARCE ACID INSTRUCTION AT PURDUE uNIVLRSITY. Photograinm. Eng., v. 18, Sept. 1952: 701-719, incl. photos, maps, diagrs. A 93?A2Pj rrn,. reme n~ L .. ....r.i.l i a r.~ ;~~ n!n ^1? 1.vv , ti, U1a.r .7~u+. Lia uhf. i ~.. tt;.vv vl way. a++wUt: prog?atns of research and instruction in the field of airphoto interpretation at Purdue are briefly reviewed. A bibliography of 87 titles of papers p:?epared by staff members is included. 11 Frost, . $. FACTORS Lf?LITIITG TEE USE OF ANAL PEOTOGRAPES FOR ANALYSIS OF SOIL AND TERRAIN. Photogramtn. Eng., v. 19, June 1953: 11.27-1+36. TA 93.A2P~ Limit~.tions to successful and reliable evaluation of aerial photographs for soil and terrain analysis are considered to stem from the type and coverage of the photography, its scale, stereo-optics, film-filter combinations, and print type and quality. human factors, which constitute the most important limiting element to successful analysis, include stereo-vision and stuy area, plus the background, training, and experience of the photo reader. Natural, erivironmrntal limitations, including anomalies imposed by climate, produce variation in grey tones, erosional features, and vegetation. Other factors discussed include methods used, speed, and application of sup- plementary information. . The principles of photo interpretation are briefly reviewed. A knowledge of the photographic processes involved are considered necessary to the photo interpreter to permit detailed analysis of the various factors affecting the photographic image. A knowl- edge of the physical and other environmental factors are also required as aids to interpretation. It is concluded that the preparation of general keys for the photo interpretation of ground objects is usei.ess, due primarily to individual differ- ences of vision, iination, and interpretative technique. 14 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 12 Gaveman, A. Y. [ON r ~EORY r ' AERIAL PEOTO flM t E 'ION] K voprosy o teorii deshifrirovanifa aerofotosnimkov. Izvest. Gosud. C-eogr. Obslch., v. 71 (3) , 1939: 1+28-1.38, incl. tables. G23.R6 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 ill PrincipleB and theory 13 [Gaveman A. V.] Havemann, A. V?, and V. A. Faas. ON THE DEVELOPh NT OF ? l STUDY O "T tOi 1WSCAPE $lish text] Conpt. rend. Acad. Sci. URSS, n.s., v. 26 (1+), 191+0: l+09- 1+12. ~O.A52 A brief ll.7~:iJ di$cu~~aCf o the ix inciples involved in the study i'.r.. ,... of landscapes from the air, and of the principles of aerial photo interpretation is presented. 14 Caveman, A. V. piT OF AERIAL PHOTO- ( SO2 ORETICAL PROBLEMS ItT GRAPHS] Nekotorye voprosy teorii deshifrirovaniia aeros.imkov. In 1aterialy po deshifrirovaniiu aerosnimkov. Ed. by A Fersman. [Sbornik. Sverklovsk2 ],lzdatel'st o ad. auk SSSR, 191}2, p . 6-16, incl . illus . , table s . 593 A review is Wade of some theoretical problenis of photo interpretation to deterrsine their inportancE in terms of prac- tical interpretation and possible future trends in the solution of these problems. The basic objectives of the photo interpre- tation theory are: (1) an establishment of a set of rules based on geometric, photographic, geophysic and other factors affecting t~.,, ~ ray,e on the photograph; ? (2) an establishment of a relation- ship between obJectives and their images on photographs and their actual natural characteristics; setting up of keys; and an establishment of a conon terminologyr. 15 Gave, A. V. [AERIAL I':I:HODS, TIR SCOPE, At1D FUTURE PROSPECTS OF D::ELOP- 1: T] Aero%etody, ikh soderzhanie i perspektivy razvitiia. [English su=:ry). Izvest. Akad. Nauk SSSR., Ser. Gtogr. Geofiz., o. 1+, 191+3: 183-194, incl. i11us., tables. A6262.A6246 Aerial photographs reproduce an image of the shape, bright- ness,and the structure of the earth's surface. The photo interpretation has as its ob,jectiw ~Qnsn~rno~eset of relation- ships these features and is aided by a ships existing between the features of the earth and their representation on an aerial photograph. Tables showing types of vegetation and relief forms recognizable in 1:25,000 scale photos are included. 16 Hagen, T. [ CIE N?TI:'IC AERIAL PHOTO flflRPPLATIOT ] Wi s se nschaftl I he Lu?tbild-interpretation. Geogr. Rely., v. 5 (14W), 1950: 209-276, incl. photos, maps, diagrs., tables. G1.G328 5 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Photo interpretation The historical background, the objectives, and the tech- niques of photo interpretation are described. Applications of photo interpretation, in particular the study of geology, topography, vegetation, as weil as land utilization and manage; meat, are surveyed. The work is illustrated with a series of 19 photographs, reproduced as anaglyphs, of New Guinea, South Africa, the Swiss plateau, and the Jura Mountains. 17 Hart, C. A. II;TEtPRETAT1ON OF AIR Pf&I'OGu AFHS: MOSAICS MiD PHOTOGRAPEIiC MAPS: SCOPE Ai-D COST OF A7R SURVEYS. In his Air Photography Applied to Surveying. London, Long'mens, Green and Co., 1940, p. 24-42, incl. illus., tables, diagr. TA593.H3 The identification of detail from air photographs and the interpretation of information is discussed. The comparative value of oblique and vertical photographs in aerial surveying is reviewed. The use of various types of filters and fil.ui and their respective merits are discussed. 18 Hart, C. A. SCIE;;TJ FIC a RETATION OF AIR PHOTOGI'cAPHS AND SIR ECONC~IIC APPLICATIOI:S. in his Air Photography Applied to Surveying. London, Longnans Green and Co., 1940, p. incl. illus., maps. TA593 ?H3 The application of air photography to ecological surveys, soil studies, agriculture, and geology is reviewed. Tree growth. and variation are the most easily recognized features on an air photograph. A definite correlation of the types of tree with the noisture-content of the soil and the rock conditions is established. Some practical surveys conducted in South Africa, Canada, and the U. S. are described. 19 Heavey, W. F. MA) A W ATRIAL PHOTO READING SD~iFLIF3 D. Harrisburg, Military Service Publishing Co., 1943, 111 p., incl. photo, maps, diagrs. UG470.H4 The manual gives a brief discussion of location and coordi- nates, distance and time, direction and azimuth, orientation, elevation and relief, map reading in the field, and reading of aerial photographs. 20 Roffman, P. R. g RPPETATION OF RADAR SCOPE PHOTOGRAPHS. Photogramm. Eng., v. 20, June 1954: 406-411, incl. photo, diagr. TA593?A2P~ -6- Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Ii Principles and theory Elementary phases of radar photo interpretation, such as classifying the general types of images and then determining as fax as possible the factors which are responsible for the ap- pearance of the image, are briefly outlined.. 21 Eotine, M. Constable and Co. Ltd. S TG FROM AT PEOTO(APIIS. London, , 4 2..O ? flu..., , tables= plates. i.yT~l, ~ p ~ .~e~. .~.j.., ia ~~,r . ~ __ r X593 .H6 the general Ey..u......-~ chnrA~teviBtic8 of Description z .,VClA of the ----- s ~ 1 aerial photography together with some of its economic uses. Simple stereoscopes and the principles of stereoscopic examina- tion are explained Other sub,ects covered include plane per- spective, calibration of surveying cameras, the theory and practice of photo mapping, mosaics, the Fourcade stereogoni- ome er, and stereoscopic plotting apparatus. 22 Istomin, G. A. [ELFff T6 Or THE ALiIAL PEOTOGRAPEJC THEORYY]]Elemmenty teorii ae'rofotografii. [ldoskva] Izd.1/VIA Prof skogo, 191+9, 116 p.~incl. map, diagrs., tables. TR81o.i68 A discussion of aerial photographic theory includes a con- sideration of the illumination and the spectrophotometrie characteristics of the landscape. The atmosphere and. atmos- pheric optics are also treated, and a biblioffraphy of 21+ references included. 23 Katz, A. K. COT RTUI'IONS TO TEE THEORY LND PANICS Or PHOTO-flTERPRET TION FROM VERTICAL AND OBLIQUE PHOTOGRAPHS. Photograwm. Eng., v. 16, June 1950: 339-386, incl. illus., diagr. TA593,A2P5 A study of the theory and techniques of aerial photo inter- pretation includes the following topics: photo interpretation, intelligence and information; a program for improving photo interpretation; theory and systems for measurements and compu- tations in vertical and oblique photographs; with conclusions and comment. 24 Konshin, M. D. [AXIAL PUOTOTOPOGRAPHY] Aerofototopografiia. Moskva, Geo- dezizdat, 1952, 360 p . , incl. photos, diagrs., tables, + diagr. TA593 ?K6 7 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 '1 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Photo interpretation The ranual discusses photographic principles, aerial sir veying operations, the basic Alemer.ts of an aerial hotor~raph, compilation of the contour sections of a rap, tokoraphic photo interpretation in regard to theory, indicator features and pro- cedure, topographic and geodetic ful.ctions in a contour- combining aerial survey, as well as various other aspects of photogrametry and a brief review of the development of aerial photo topographic processes in the USSR. (16 refs] LO k. A. K., and W. J. Tellingtop,, try t Inc _ ? ia1ITARY i1APS Al D AIR PHOTOGRIWlL . New York, Mz `, 191414, 256 p., inci. photos, maps, diagrs., tables. GA151.L6 The use and interpretation of raps and air photographs are discussed. Fart VI of the study dealing with aerial photography surveys the foli.cwing subjects; black and white, colored., and infrared photographs; identifying specific objects froi aerial hs . surroundings, shade, shadows, shape, size, scale,, pr--= o+o ap' 3r' pin points; vie~rinr photographs stereoscopically; r.l ge and stream lines; obliqu~ air photographs; deception; and lines of sight. 26 Lischer, if. ? [p;AP'D G lei TEE USE OF AERIAL PHOTO AFU~] Kartieren nach Luf't- bildern. Berlin E. S. Mittler and Sohn, 1937, 97 p . , incl. photcs, maps, diagrs., tables, 9 plates. TA793?L78 The lianual discusses general concepts of photography and customary methods employed in photo interpretation. The objec- tiv- s of interpretation, interpretation of plains and high- lands, and use of the stereoscope are covered. [16 ref s . ] 27 Macdonald, D. E. arch 1953 : . 102-107, INTERPRETABILITY. Photogr. Eng . , v . 19, 2arch 9 3 incl. diagrs. The process of photographic interpretation involving the identification of objects and the deduction or their signifi- cance is briefly discussed. [5 refs.] 28 NANUAL OF MAP READING, PH0T0 READING, AND FTf,DSKEHING, 2~dsed., London, n:. M. Stationery Office, 1939, 1 p?U 7 ci. d maps, diagrs. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 d Principles and theory' ft . f. The brief intrcduction to photo inte2P ~ aI. features (scads, bridge8, as follows: identification agricultural al culturpatterns), vegetation (tropi ` urban areas, a~' arctic and alpine) canalS, ? al, desert, terranean, temperate, cal, onion processes, and identification of inc1. photos. ' L rPtation is divided Th hoto in~.~rPre~" e manual includes a treatment ?pho o~~FhY~ use of the ter ewhichoscopedi, s the vas he vario isteps prs el of iminarY to interpretation, ved , ,. a :.-r .. . ster _ airs u:~e va? iO43 cto of volt data required yor orient~t-U~nles of the appe in photo interpretation. ~ iuen. graphic features on aerial photos are g. (DIAL PHOTO r US FOR USE ui ~~ ~Tnrnt~'k~II~1G, O, F. J. 29 PttjA SYLLAB3 AT UTdIVERSITY AG T rSAI~G~E ~T WAR ~~dITdG COURSE S.l OFFICE OF )I}UCATION IN SCI~ZCE, ~ ~ AUSPICES OF ~F' TEgNOLOGY . Chicago, OF ~CAGO UNDO, COOP~,ATI01~ SMITH II,LT110S X178 P ? ~1 incl. tables, ~agrs. Ill.; Univ. Chica~3o, l9 ~, TA593.C5 - 5 s a course offered at the ~iversit; of The manual comprise hoto~'aphs. X55 is o in methods of map Pin B from aerial p Ch a3 rf,fs. In Amer. Soc. Photogr. of photo- 30 Putnam, ~ V. C. ~~oN. e 332-353 pgoTO?II~`~' -" ~? grtrv. New York, Plt,insn -ablishins Co.; ~ 5' P? TA593.A63 terrain features, er shoreline features. _ London, H? M. AIR Core No. 2 1935 tanes, plates. 31 gEpO OF eY ice 936, 183 p., incl. diagr's., 3 Stta ationery o ~ 9 ode of activities, conducted ~'errch and. ar A report is le varie native research' the r tCb a dos a period, to secure colpe ash anu Its survey tion o vvelty of ofcivil l aind military uses. A short descrip pho- y of q~- o ~e s, of uses and chax'acteristics of taherpi resent c rvey tle ~o phases of a-ny, is is coupled with a statemecin sutography, y status, possibilities, and limitations example s of tirork dale the cartogn Hinterland, ~,~.iland, air surveY~ photogi wPhY and are outlined for areas inE'thiopian boundaY'Y, Africa, Australia Trans-Jordan, the Ariglo India, Brazil, and Iraq. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Photo interPretattor. T S. ICs"ably ? L. OBS BL ~ 9~B5 ' , ~ htley Q ~ ITROpU~. 32 Scaz, :^ TION PEO1O _0 . ~ ~r2 u PI?ntos'8 ? ag ? , v ? 2O, Jae , ~-754 k the cur - e shorts the e r roblems of militarY p'rot0 inter ,.. The P undertaken to remedY its Y hot,o interpreter' s rent research being e scus r establishes the p ar dised. 'This paper econnaissance field and cutli~ilization~ ti ~p~P in the photo r ~.r htraining, u :ons uy~ - r--- q~ieoU te , dance i equi e ;r ents and the method or aids hick may ~Provc ~uigment requ.y- -n ' stract) his pcrformance . (Authors' ACTOR) Issledovanie razlichaemosti. onov Y. V. rr~ 33 ~. ~.,'. DISCERNIBILITY F d Aer o s emki i Kr' o~ 35 (Sivyz ~' -Issled. Tslst. ( ? ?' tables. i s Z~entr. ~O-57, incl. Photo, QB2T .ri6~+ IYiosa), Na. 2 200,, 1 1937 itude of the *-minatiof of the rragn ,7 ~ ScP~ent, ~~e study covers the Bete- lLL . j s nibility factor, the ele ntus affect ,omits ?i s tracts produced by f- i elds at trio cueen ility, study of the relationship , dtract ~ e.rim?ntal - is ' sce cerr~ent End the coefticientdisCe n~~t tness of of objective chares in the dl fors~ing contrasts, ches in ~as,~ements of discernibilities of angular angular diameter, an natural- contrasts. In his L PHOTOGP1 S3 Chtenie aerof0to5nimko9' S She's' D. V. , MiRI pDflTG em1a OF a [Ifoskva), Voenizdat 2~0 T ''0 . S Voennaia top?~' hetos, naps, diagz's? LG~+( 5 p, ~ 56-17~, incl. P nnoto~rap'~=ic scussion covers the elementsori0 Sialc h otand steps Le cdie tion of scale the v and the surveying, determina ~ reta,tion and mappl-ng, 4f tae se ho ~o interp hotogr'aPhs az?e included; 5 Te ae hotoaphic mosaic. ri rial plocation. (~anslstion RT-1~2) Photo are identif ied as to ~n~S . Neer ~o~?It, Apvleton- n~1 TAR APPLIC1ul:,.._ s.~ STilith, Ii. T. U. ~' ARTAL ~artvv!R e~uR .3'~ ~wyur ~utury Co., Inc. 1 [19+3), 372 P?, incl. PliotOS.593.553 tables. hs, ual covers chsz'anteristics of aerial pr hofotogra1aPof Tae of such pho tiog, aPhY~ 5 interPre_ totion, stea o apruc and topo~raPh== photeo in cteis stu~,y rpretaticn, ge ttz lv Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Principles and theory planimetric napping from vertical and oblique photos, photo mosaics, contour maps from aerial photos, geologic and physio- graph.ic interpretation, as well as use of aerial photos in economic geology, engineering, and other fields, including military applications. A glossary of photogrammetrie terms, aerial photos for teaching purposes, and suggested laboratory exercises are appended. 36 Spurr, S. H. AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHS IN FORESTRY. New York. Ronald Press 19;$, LitO p., incl. 111us., tables, graphs. SD551.S7 - r . Basic information is provided on taking and processing aerial photographs, as well as on aerial surveying, photo inter- pretation, and the application of aerial photography to forestry. The treatment of photo interpretation takes into consideration the basic elements of vertical and oblique aerial photography, pictorial qualities of photographic images, shape and dimension, tone, texture, shadow pattern, object identifications resolution in detail. and limitations of photo interpretation in forestry. Site classifications, identification of tree species, measure- ment of tree heights, crown density, and stand density are discussed. 37 Talley, B. B., and P. H. Robbins. IIZTERPRETATION OF AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHS. in their Photographic Stir - tieying. New York, Pitman Publishing Co.,., 19Tg, p. 52-63, incl. illus. TA593.T32 The interpretation of aerial photographs is aided by the identification of the following factors: shape, shadows, tone, texture, seasonal effects, and the elevation of photos. The identification of a known shape or object from the air is rela- tively easy. An observation of a shadow often permits positive identification of objects which may have the same photograph tone as an adjacent detail or object. Studies of black and white prints of topography show that 'Truth of the detail results from gradations in the gray tones of the print; the gray color indicates the amount of light reflected from the photographed object. The texture of the object determines the angles at which the light will be reflected. Surrrmer pictures show a dis- tinct contrast between deciduous woodland growth and other adja- cent areas. Winter pictures show much of the ground detail in the wooded areas since the deciduous form will appear as a skeleton through which can be seen the ground detail. See also items 368, 490, 492, 493, 499, 502. - 11 - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 la. Bibliographies 38 Buttrick, J. THE USE OF AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHS 1N FOREST SURVEYS, a selected bibli- ography for restricted distribution. June 1, 1944, rev. Oct. 1, 1944. Philadelphia, Allegheny Forest Exper. Sta., U. S. Dept. 1gric., Forest Service, 1944, 5 p. 25853?S891J57 A list is presented of approximately 200 selected refer- ences (1887-1944) on the use of aerial photographs in forest surveys, forest type C:1 aJJlilVUtivu,v tl:v4.G+ ber volume, land classification, etc. n9 +_Irn +ira +1m.. 39 Cobb, G. C. BIBLIOGRAPHY ON THE INTERPRETATION OF AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHS AND RECEIN BIILIOGRAFHIES ON AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY AND RELATED SUBJECTS Bull. Geol. Soc. Amer., v. 54, Aug. 1943: 1195-1210. QE1.G2 A selected list of references is presented on the interpre- tation of aerial photogr~.phs and a list of bibliographies. The subject index includes a rough classification of eleven general groups. 40 Garrard, C. W. AN Aiv!~OTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY OF AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHIC APPLICATIONS TO FORESTRY. Bull. New York State Coll. Forestry (Syracuse), No. 26, 1951, 81 p. DA-99.9N486B Approximately 300 English titles of aerial photographic studies applied to forestry, published since 1916, are listed. The following periodicals were searched: Forestry Abstracts, Forestry Chronicle, Journal of Forestry, Photograrnetric Engi- neerin?, Timberman, and West Coast _Lu ber an. The manorial is arranged under the following headings: aerial photography, mensuration, survey, interpretation, equipment and techniques, films and filters, fire protection, recreation, wildlife manage- ment, range survey, and flood control. . 41 Gaveman, A. V. [AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHIC SURVEY] Aerofotos"emka. Izvest. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. Geogr. Geofiz., v. 8 (1), 1944: 57-60? AS262.A6246 A bibliography of 130 items on the application of aerial photographic surveys to the study of natural resources is pre- sented. Sixty-four titles are in Russian, and 66 titles in English, French, Gerr,an, and Dutch. -12- Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Bibliographiea .2 ?i 2 Haquinius' E., and E. A. Shuster, Jr?31CTS Washingt, D. -IBLI~ OF Geol. PHOTOSurv.t,PPTG 1929, MiD 8. AP?LLID 25853.589 D C., U. S. A list o . of ati roximatelY 1200 foreign and domestic selected to 1929 :~ the period of 1776 references are presented, covering hotography as and including literature on the ~eSd of ~ied a1,] subjects. applied to j,ap-~, ~ 43 Hughes, K. W. ACCEPTED BY COLLEGES AND L~^~VTRSITIES .IN THE FORESTRY ~iESES ,,,,_, n~~ Oregon State Coll. Bibliogr. ~ , UNIr'ETT STATE--, lyw y7i" Oregon . DA-O.90'3 No. 3, 1953, loo P= Q bibliography of 2638 forestry theses is presented. hotography. Thirty-seven theses relate to aerial p. 1;4 [MONOGRAPHS OF THE FAST ALL-UNION COhFFIiiCE ON AERIAL SURVEY] Materialy. Vsesoiuznoe soveshchanie posled.e0t? 1st.Geol. 1. Leningrad, 1929? Trudy Gosud. Nauch. ls 26p?, incl. illus., Kartogr. Glavn. Geod. Uprav., v. 1, 1929, TA593?V8 diagrs,, tables. The papers delivered dLrin the All-Union Conference on g include: Aerial ~rvey held in Leningrad on June 14-16, 1929 ives of the First Conference on Aerial Surveey, F. Notion Kr ot Krasovski3; On the problem of the Aerial Survey . MorOZOV th the Five-Yea' Plan for Industrializstitanow .Near Per wi On the Objectives of the Conference, L.pI.aphical Works, D. S. spectives of the Development of Work by the Milit~Y Yg T Er OI opogr; hitA istratiofo'A. I. Artanov; On the Aerial Photo- opa~apc dmin r a hic School, A. A. Martiagin; graphic Work o~ the ~ltwark Topographic Ukra1fli Air Lines, D. P. On the Aerial purveying F,aain On the Scientific Research in the Field of Aeria S'r- ? , veying by the Russian Volunteer Air Fleet by ietyLeningrad Divi-the VeselovsOn the Aerial Survey' a Work On the Works Conducted sion for Communal Fanning, A. P. Sokolov, A. S. Chebotarev; Aerological by the Moscok? Cadastral InstitUte, P. A. I~.olchanov, Atmospheric Conditions of an Aerial Survey, ~ . Optic S and Aerial Surveyin Froblems, N. N. Kalitin; Recent g Its Develop~ent~ Aerial Camera and Research Work Connected V. B. Shavrov; G. N. Vandel' ; Airplane for Aerial Importance to Aerial Quantitative Photegr'aphic Method and Its Imp Photography, K. V. ChiblSOV; Scientific Research lem v Aerial Surveying in Reference to Geodetic Preparation. 13- Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107/07: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Photo interpretatiion jc and Research Problems in Aerial S1u`veyinh in Bre~vo; Scientif _ Scientific and Re seer Reference to Topography, 0 . G. Dits; Problems in AerieL Surveying ~n Reference to Ground nor $, D. P. Ru J-n; Sc1elitific and Research problemss rY onnectionvoseh' he A. E. 6ki Application of Aerial planning} o_Using Aerial Survey, A. P. Methods of Municipal a hic Lenses Sokolov; On the Possible USSR ProductiCn~bin a?Aer ~ial SurVeY, Work, ~ rinrnV#kil~ .. _, a.,.. ~~ for Geodetic A. I. N. M. Aleksopol'skit; Electrical Adapter for Optical'o of the Converter, S. 0? Maksimovich; On the Aerial Surveys Con ; ducted by the Chief Geodetic Committee, B. K. CheF.ahkee Lo lnwesobyt sriangu1ation Using Aerial Survey, Point (Nadir) hev; ~ e Aerial Survey, Optical Intensification of CtfortDS entific and Research G. A. Tikhov; A Five-Year Plan ~,An tidies in the Field of USSR Aerial Survey, N. A. Ryn S on as a Base for Scientific Studies in Aerial 1'hotograph~c Poly A. Rynin; Studies of Phota- the Field of Aerial Surve~~ntNal?. Laboratory oY the Len~rad graphic Paper in the E'pe . On the Aligne- Statp Photographic School; S? 0?~~ it Against the Camera went (Compensation) of Firm by Pr d Stereo- Plates A. A. Mel'nikov; Data for the Conduct of Piae 1515 P. P. Khandozhao. A bibl_ogz' P Y of scopic Aerial Survey, P re Aced by N. A. RYA is titles dealing with aerial surve,in P- p appended. 45 Robertson, W M FOREST LITERA', 1917-19+6. SELECTED BIPLIOC~AP~ OF CANADA Misc. Silvicultural Rea. Note, Doninion Forest x,9,16 M Canal. (Ottawa), No. 6, 199, 332 P? +,~ The An extensive bibliography on forestry ism presented. sub- bibliogr'aphy, which contains 371I4 reverences retries perti- jct w-itu author and subject index, includes 91 nent to aerial survey methods. 14.6 S ON FOREST SURVEYS WIT AERIAL P :OTOS.R REVISED 19449. i [Por rvr viand, Ore. ] Pacific Northwest 1 9~2 ?~~ ~ B 9 y A~RCt M fir, Sta., 199, 1'p? The bibliography consists of 53 selected lglish'language ublished during the per- 1925 to 198. Eleven ref eren..e s p hotogr'ammetrY3 42 cover the publications relate to general p'; hs. [53 refs.] gr p basic forestry applications of aerial photaa 14? Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Bibliographie s a 76, 92, 95, 96, 101, 112, Sew so ite-m 166, 1, 178-181, 10' 196, 22X 26200' , 29 20k, 207, 209, 218, 230, 231, 31, 161+ 131, 239248 219, 260, 262, 264, 265, 28, 269, 273, 288, 298, 299, ' 3c~, 310, 314, 318, 320, 323, 326-328, 330, 333, 334 336 3o7, , - 337, 378, 389, 14o6, 1111+ 1+23' 425, 431, 1452, 1471, 14714, o14, 507. Photographic characteristjcs of vegetation and terrain 47 Anuchin, N. P. [ v pfETATION AND GROUND EVALUATION OF FORESTS taROM M siiaIAL less PKT0 Lesnoe deshifrirovanie i nazeiml - s a rcGR~~ y~ami. In his Tesnaia taksatsiia, Moskva, Gosles s a bumizdat, 1952, p. 1467 9, mc1, table s; plate. 61)551.A49 The author presents a list of criteria for is nt~8'on on aerial photographs of inhabited areas, pasture roads irriga- tion improved and unimproved roads, fore st , ditches, water bodies, sand bars, rocks, ountaeas, 'd-n&- fail cut-OVer forest areas, burned-Out and. deciduous falls, coniferous stands (spruce, fir and pine), stands (aspen and birch). 48 Bartholom~us, G. ,?~ r er Form der (SQ~ Gr~L~i GULTI~r,H~ ~~APE,~1~5~_Unterricht, deutschen Kulturlandscha.ft. Zeit G1.E73 v. 2 (3), 1950: 143-144; 4 plates. Eight aerial photographs showing features of various types settlements are ehtunafl ach picture is included. of cultivated lands, forest aal.asis of presented. An explanatory Y 49 Bonch-Bruevich, M. D. [ ON OF AERIAL PHUTOGRAPfl OF A Fvt fi1 shifrirovanie A r. 1939 38-1+7, aerofotosnimkov lesa. Les. Khoz. (Moskva), pSD1 .1935 incl. illus~ Aerial photographs of forest vegetation are characterized n on the forest by distinctive textures and secro~rn density. Deciduous species, their height, and their forests usually appear lighter than coniferous forests, espe ci?n-Y den mat-finish, high-quality printing paper conical Spruce forests are characterized by varied height, long -15- Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Photo interpretation crowns, and very dark intra-crown spaces. Pine forests are characterized by a uniform crown surface, oval-shaped crowns, and the absence of well defined differences between individual crowns and intra-crown spaces. Cans, Norman. HOW TO READ AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHS FOR CENSUS WORK. U. S. Bur. Census, Washington, D. C.,, U. S. Gov. Printing Office, 1947, 44 p., incl. photos, maps. TA793.u6 An introduction to the subject of aerial photography is followed by aenerq.1 tins on aerial photo r. ead ng And a discus- sion of line features, dwellings, road patterns, and other spcciai features discernible on aerial photographs. Forty- eight aerial photographs and 2 maps are included in the text. 51 fiallert, B. [ON THE CONS WCTION OF PHOTOGR ETRIC MAPS] Uber die Herstel- lung photograrinietrischer Plane. [German text] [Stockholm, Esselte aktiebolag, 1944], 118 p.~incl. photos, map, diagrs., tables; 5 plates. TA593?H25' The treatise, dealing with double-point interpolation in space through the use of stereoscopes and with experimental photogrammetric work, is illustrated with 7 aerial photographs of the Swedish countryside. Three aerial photographs in the form of anaglyphs are appended. 52 Koeppel, R. . [PALESTINE: THE LANDSCAPE T1 MAPS AND PHOTOGRAPHS] Palestina; die Landschaft in Karten and Bildern. Tubingen, J. C. B. Mohr, 1930, 174 p., incl. photos, maps, diagrs. GB309.P2K6 The geological structure, morphology, landscape, climatic conditions, and vegetation of Palestine are portrayed in 195 maps and photographs, a majority of which are aerial photographs. 53 Krinov, E. L. [SPECTRAL RKFLECTIVITIES OF NATURAL FORMATIONS] Spektral ' naia otrazhatel'naia sposobnost' prirodnykh obrazovanir. Moskva- Leningrad, Akad. Nauk SSSR Lab, aerometodov, 1947, 271 ph incl. photos, diagrs., tables. !Nat. Res. Council, Canad. Tech. Trans- lation, TT-439, 1953, 268 P?] @C9u?K7 The method employed in determining the visible and near infrared reflectance of natural formations is described. The basic principles of photographic spectrophotonetry as used in -16- Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 i^ Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Photographic characteristics the field, the materials and equipment used, as well as the se- lection and preparation of observational Material, are outlined and described. The general characteristics of the landscape under study are discussed; data on the reflectivity of wooded areas, grasslands, fields, exposed soils, water, roads, and various types of structures are presented. The relationship between the spectral reflectivity Qf natural formations and their orientation aid configuration is reviewed, [45 refs.) 54 Lindquist, B. (THE ECOLOGY OF THE SCANDINAVIAN BEECH WOODS) Than skandinariska bokskogens biologi. Stockholm, Centraltryckeriet, 1931, 532 p., incl. photos, maps, tables, map. SD397.Bl.LS The study is based on a series of aerial reconnaissance flights carried out over Southern Sweden during the period 1927- 1930. Weekly flights were undertaken during spring when the beech is distinguishable from other forest trees by its charac- teristic light-green foliage. Results show that during this period it was possible to differentiate all of the principal forest trees in southern Sweden. A 1:500,000-scale map showing the distrlbutien of the southern Swedish beech forests is appended. 5; Losee, S. T. B. PHOTOGRAPHIC TONE IN FOREST INT~PRETATION . Photograuma . Eng . , v. 17, Dec. 1951: 785-799, incl. illus., tables. TA593?A2P5 The importance of photographic tone to the interpreter of forested areas is emphasized. Analysis of the tone of photo- graphic images, as well as the factors controlling the amount and quality of light reflected from tree crowns, are discussea and evaluated. [8 refs.) % [AERIAL PEOTOGRAPH READER] Luftbild-Lesebuch. Luftbild u. Luft- messung, no. 13, 1937: 5-60, chiefly photos. TA593.A2L8 A series of aerial photographs, analyzed in great detail, illustrate general types of topography (beaches, lakes, streams, forests, cultivated areas, wines), and outstanding cultural features (roads, railroads, dwellings, etc.). -17- Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Photo interpretation 57 [TOPOGRAPHIC AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHYLuftbild-Topographie. Luftbild u. Luftbild-meuSUang, no. 1~, 1936: 2-60, chiefly photos. A wide variety of aerial photographs is presented and analyzed for outstanding topographic features. The effect on photography of such factors as shadow, seasonal phenomena, as well as of - landscape relief, i.s in&icatcd.. ,..,._ ..,o., V 1?!?~++& .-J) , , _ . ;Try v11n+PP AIR PHOTOS AID FOREST MAt1AGEMENT. Conserva~1DA-2~76r; v. 1 (90), Nov.-Dec. 1952: 1i+-15, mncl. photo. 79 The identification of Minnesota tree types on aerial photo- graphs is briefly discussed. 59 l4oessner, K. E. PHQTO CLASSIFICATION OF i^OREST SITES. Proc. Soc. Amer. Foresters, 191+9: 2T9-292, incl. photos, map, diagrs. DA 99.9Sa13 Topographic features and soil patterns are used as a basis for the classification of forest sites. Aerial photographs of 15 counties in Western Kentucky were used for the interpretation study. Since species identification is difficult and subject to change, and site classification is relatively easy and. more stable, the latter is recommended in making aerial surveys regions. [1 ref.] 60 Pleshkova, T. T. [ALBEDO OF GROUND FORMATIONS] A1'bedo zemnykh obrazovanii. Priroda (Leningrad), v. 37 (10), 198: incl. photos, diagra?, tables. Q PB Radiation asuremcnts were made with a calibrated albe- dometer and the reflectance of various exposed surfaces was determined. The reflection from snow cover varied from 15 per cent for discolored and melting snow toed 94. pfor erscent cfor dry and freshly fallen snow. The values obtain from 31 to 36 per cent depending upon its transparency. The reflection from grassy fields varied from 10 to 32 per cent. Smaller values were obtained for grain fields. The reflectance of soil was found to be about 8 per crrewet ducedethez-mod re 35 per cent for yellow sand. Sol. moisture flectance considerably. Radiation measurements of the water surface showed reflectance values of about 8 per cent. The reflection of cloud formations varied from 51 to 76 per cent -18- Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Photographic characteristics depending on the wave lengths and the position of the sun. The average reflection of the human skin was 35 per cent. [12 refs.] (From SIPRE Abstracts) 61 Rief, A. [ AERIAL PHOTOGRAFEY IN THE SERVICE OF FOREST NANAGF~ NT (APPRAISAL)] Das Luftbld 1.i!i Diena? der Forsteir1chtuig (TaiCatien). Luft- w vv itii 1 Vll V 1{j bald u. Luftbild-messung, no. 10, 1936: 3-7, tncl. photos. TA593.A2L8 The differentiation of spruce, beech, and oak stands on aerial photographs of mixed forests is exemplified on four aerial photographs taken in the forest district of Bettbrunn in 1935. The original scale was 1:7500; after correction of distortion the scale was 1:5000. 62 Ryker, H. C. AERIAL PEO`IOGRApuy. ME 0D OF DET UfIun G TIMBER SPEC TES. Timberman (Portland, Ore.), v. 31+ (5), Mar. 1933: 11-17, incl. photos, diegrs. HD9750.1T$5 The results of a study conducted in California in 1931 and 1932 are presented. Equipment and photographic techniques are briefly described. An Eastman panchromatic film employed in combination with a green filter admitting only light rays of wave lengths from 1p6O to 620 millimtcrons to reach the emulsion gave best results. The physical characteristics and photographic appearance of four species of the tested area (sugar pine, western yellov in, Douglas fir, and incense cedar) are des- cribed and compared. The significance of color or shading of the crown image and of the shape of the crown for identifica- tion purposes .is pointed out. 63 Sager, R. C. 1NDF( TO AERIAL AID GROUND PHOTOGRAPHIC ILLUSTRATIONS OF GEO- LOGICAL Ai, D 'I'OPOGRAPwc F EAT, Tl OUGHOUT THE WORLD . Photo- gramm. Eag., v. 19, June 1953: >}72-1}73. TA593.A215 Information on the contents and availability of the above index is provided. 64 Samoilovich, G. G. [AN ATrF PT To rpPRE'p RELIEF' FROM AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHS] Opyt De sh ifr irovan I I a re1'efa po aerosnimkam. Geogr. obshch. SSSR.~ . Invest. (Moscov-Leningrad), v. 67 (2), 1935: 241-251 incl. illus. G23.R6 19 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Photo interpretation An aerial photographic survey of an area in the vicinity of Stalinsk is described. The photomapped area extends from 52?31' to 53?!+5' N. Lat., and f''om 87? to 89? E. Long. The aerial photo- graphs were of a scale of 1:15,000 and had a 60-70Y overlap. Stereoscopic studies of the aerial photos showed distinct dif- ferences in the shade and tone between coniferous stands and groves consisting of birch and alder. Aerial photographc of the mountainous landscape, individual ridges, and alluvial deposits are reprotlced _ 65 Sanoilovich, G? ( i THE LSE OF AVIATION IPi m STUDY OF SEASO;dAL CkAlGES/. IN NATURE ] j'rimeleuie t~ viii LSii W.iEi i uch uiiia ~i ludiehe k 1a 1cni . prirodv. Izvest. Geogr. obshch. SS R. (Moscow-Leningrad), v. 69 r:D , ?z ? ^'~ ''''~ incl 11.11119. G23.Rb Observations of the vegetational cover were conducted during spring, summer, and fall aerial flights to determine to what extent individual species could be recognized. April studies t:?om altitudes of 300 to 500 m. permitt.ed an easy recognition of blooming maple trees, elm trees, larch, and mature pine stands. Oak and linden, although still void of leaves, were recognized by the shape and the structure of their crowns. Aerial photo- graphs of a 1:8400 scale taken during the spring using a yellow filter offered ouch detail and satisfactory contrasts between various species. 66 Seely, H. E. SOME DEv OPA r rS IN THE USE OF AIR PHOIOGRAPHS FOR FOREST Srm- VEl'S. Photogramm. Eng., v. 13, Sept. 19i.7: 443- 52. TA593.A2P5 Attempts to differentiate species in air photographs were less successful than to estimate timber voluxt ; it w8s often necessary to depend of ground identification. $ardwoods can usually be distinguished from softwoods, with some exceptions, in midsu mer photographs. The desired distinctions may be obtained by a process of elimination, in cases where very few species are present; by the aid of site classification from air photographs; by knowledge of the forest associations and suc- cessions; by shape and texture of crowns; by tone of foliage, particularly in the autumn; and by phonological changes. The variation in glossiness of foliage in broad-leaved species spay provide a valuable means of differentiation in color photography. Infra-red photographs clearly distinguish softwoods and hard- woods in midsummer. Panchromatic photographs provide very -20- Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Photographic characteristics distinctive spring and autumn tones. crown texture in individual species complicate the use of infra-red for softwood identification. Experiments indicated that par- ti.culcrly distinct tones can be obtained using a minus-blue filter with infra-red film. 67 Sisam, J. W. B. THE USE OF AERIAL SURVEY IN FORESTRY MTD AGRICULTURE. Oxford, Imperial Forestry Bureau, 1947, 59 p., 67 aerial photos. TR81o.5s The recognition of broad vegetation types on aerial photo- graphs is based on (1) variations in tone and texture of the photograph with respect to the vegetation itself and to related soil and topographic conditions, (2) characteristic spacing and patterns of associations or individual tree crowns, and (3) posi- tion with respect to features in the landscape and to other vegetation. The amount of detail depends on the scale and quality of photographs, &harpness of boundary and height varia- tion between sub-types, phenoicgical and Breather conditions at the time the photographs are taken, topographic conditions, and the extent to which photographs were correlated with ground conditions. The necessity to define, within limits, the photo- graphic appearance of each species and combination of species, and to assemble this inform.-ation into a key is emphasized. Experiments using panchromatic film and a green filter resulted in photographs showing (1) boundaries of areas predominantly pine as opposed to those predominantly fir, (2) identification of species of each individual mature tree, and (3) location of trees whose foliage was affected by insects. Experiments using various types of film anti various filters show that the best combination of photographic materials for forestry is the infra- red film with a light-colored filter, probably a minus blue or slightly darker. Scales of 1:9600 or smaller are necessary for an identification of individual trees; scales of 1:18,000 are sufficient for delineating types predominantly of one species. (96 refs.] 68 Sulakvelidze, G. K. [SOiE RADIATION PROPERTIES OF DRY SNOW] Nekotorye radiat s ionnye svoistva sukhogo snega. Soobshch. Akad. Nauk Gruzinskoi SSR (Tiflis), v. 12, 1951: 467-473, Incl. diagrs., tables. DLC Slavic 21 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Photo interpretation The radiation properties of snow were studied at elevations of 2000-5600 m. from 1946-1950. The reflectance of snow varied from 49-97% and depended on Crater content and purity. The albedo of pure, dry snow was 90-97% and decreased to about 75% when slightly wet. The albedo of damp, contaminated snow was 49%. Radiation transmission in snow was studied to depths of - 95 cm. About 35.2% of solar radiation penetrated to a depth of 5 em., 4.82% to 15 cm., and 1.76* to 50-90 cm. Wave lengths of 6500-6600 A were completely absorbed within the upper 5.7 cm. of snow. Formulas are suggested for calculating albedoo and 11lu atIO.~i . .t V {? n'r depths_ [3 refs. 1 (StPd+W 11 ~,yyylithl(,1.V 1 V L1 - Vri. i V risu M./ vu nc v - - Abstracts) 69 ? Sztits, L. [ATI AERIAL PHOTOGR4PH1 A legi fenykep. [Hungarian text) Budapest, N. Kir. Allami Terkepeszet, 1931, 51 p., incl. photos, diagrs. TA593.39 Twenty-seven aerial photographs of Hungarian cities, villages, and countryside are included. 70 Tikhov; G. A. [ SPECTRAL A:TLYSIS AND Fr UORESCE:TCE OF T E GRE PARTS E ov~WERS OF PL.AIdTS] Spektral'nyi anal iz i fluoresfsentsifa zeleni i Csvet rasteniL Priroda (Leningrad), v. 38 (6), 199: 3-71 incl. illus. diagrs. Q4.r8 Spectral studies of various plants show that Peonia inter- media and and Geranium grandiflorum exhibit maximum brilliancy the infrared ba d. Viola altaica reaches its maximum brilliancy at a wave length of 914 mu; similar brilliancy was observed at wave lengths above 750 mu for Cortusa altaica. 71 THE USE OF AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHS AND MOSAICS WITH PARTICULAR REFERENCE TO FLOOD CONTROL SURVEYS. In Proceedings of Seminar on Aerial Photography in Flood Control Surveys, December 6-8, 1939? Washington, D. C., U. S. Dept. Agric., Flood Control Advisory Comm. [1939], Appendix A, 19 p. DA-1.915F2P914 The preparation, interpretation, and use of aerial photo- graphs for flood control surveys are discussed. Common varia- tions recognizable in the following types of forested lands are described: well stocked lands, understocked stands, closely cut-over and burned areas, and forest plantations. Classes of. open land distinguished include: cultivated fields in river and. -22- Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107/07: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Photographic characteristics stream valley areas, or on gently rolling to moderately steep slopes; lands idle for several years; pasture lands; miscel- laneous lauds including cities, towns, highways, railroad right-of -ways, river channels, and mine pits. 72 Wieslander, A. E., and R. C. Wilson. CIASSIFIING FORESTS AND 0 VEGLTATION FROM AIR PHOTOGRAPHS. Photogramm. Eng., v. 8, July-& pt. 1942: 203-215, incl. illus., diagrs. Also in Amer. Soc. Photogramn. Manual of Photogram- metry. New York, Pitman Publishing Co., p. 716-727. T_ Extensive studies of photographic characteristics of the vegetation permitted a basic classification of elements and features using contrasts as a i e ns of identification. Trees, both timber and cordwood, down to minimtna sizes usually appear more irregular in pattern and darker in tone than other vegeta- tion. The pattern and tore to timber-tree canopy are more regular and often darker than in eordwood stands. The individua] tree crowns are longer and more pointed or tapering, as revealed by shadows. Stereoscopic images of individual croizna are more nearly circular and narrower than iraes of cordwood trees of comparable heights. The pattern and tone of hardwood canopy are usually irregular, tree crowns blending together so that individ,a crowns are indistinguishable in dense stands. In- dividual croirns in open stands are usually broader and have a more irregular spread than timber trees of comparable heights, and the crowns are definitely more rounded or flat on top. Non-timber conifers such as Digger pine, pinon in, and juniper are sometimes difficult to distinguish fron timber conifers. Shrubs form patterns varying in regularity, with various tones of gray, depending largely on species composition. The stereo- scopic height of shrubs is negligible. See also items 2, 22, 28, 37, 84, 109: 112, 181, 186, 192, 203, 2^11 219, 216, 258, 266, 273, 277, 280, 287, 289, 296,301, 311, 315, 327, 338, 31+3, 349, 362, 379,, k26, 1+30, 432, 1164, 1+81, 485, li86, 490, 165, 275. 23 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 3. Photographic materials and equipnt 73 Aquino, R. R. GLASSY PHOTOCRJtPHS VERSUS POSITIVE T?M?SPARFI!TCIES FOR TREE HEIGHT MEASUR:21E ITS. Filipino Forester, v. 5, 1953: 20-33, incl. table s. DA-99.8F1+7 Tree height measurements, made from glossy aerial photographs and from positive transparencies of 500 sample trees, are sta- tistically analyzed. The positive transparencies provi& i cya- s stently i etter rpezslts than the Mossy photographs. [8 ref s.1 71+ Aschenbrenner, C. M. P1 OBLE IS IN GEITfl G INFOF NATION INTO AND OUT OF AIR PHOTOGRAPHS. Photogramm. Eng., v. 20, June 1954: 398-401, incl. photos., diagrs. TA593 ?A2P5 Information is considered to be stored in aerial photographs essentially in the form of a non-random distribution of "density specks". A laboratory model is described which simulates this phenornenon, arid is used to study the limits of photographic in- formation potential. A difference between the limitation imposed by emulsion grain and that imposed by lens performance is demon- strated. The seemingly random distribution of density specks is found valuable, in photogran2etry, for the definition of a sur- face through the use of a stereoscope which permits retrieval of otherwise invisible Information stored in a photograph. (Author's Abstract in part) 75 Ask, R. F.. . FITS OF FHOT(A2~IC OPTICS. In Amer. Soc. Photogramm. Aianual of Photogramn2try, 2d ed., Washington, D. C., 1952, p. 535.602, incl. illus., tables, diagra. TA593.A63 The study of optical equint employed in photogramaetry covers lenses in general, lenses for photogrammetry, errors caused by glass plates, simple optical systems, comrpensation of lens distortion, color filters, prisms, and mirrors. 76 Backstrdm, H., and E. Welander. (A PRF1D4fl1ARY iNV TIGATION OF ?U? POSSIBILITIES OF DISTIN- GUISHING DIFFERENT ' E SPECIES ON AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHS) Ili pre- liminar undersokning rorande moJligheterna att skilja olika tradslag pa flygoiider. Svenska Skogsvardsfor. Tidskr., v. 46 (3) 191+8: 180-200. DA-99.8Sk5 24 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 - Materials and equipii nt The reflecting capacity of leaves, from 19 different tree species, in light of wavelengths between 4000 and 1000 A, was studied at the Inst. of Photography of the Swedish College of Technology with the aid of a Beckman spectrophotometer. Diffuse reflection curves for the various species show a strong reaem- bince in their general trend, having a by peak in the visible spectrum in the green. The spectral range important to infrared photography appee.:s +,.o be 7500-&5OO A. From. a consideration of 1: _ --., t: in re At1 on to photographic contrast (density of G l~u~,tiv.+ ~11 negative) it is concluded that hardwood and conifers will be readily distinguishable in infrared aerial photographs; contrast between Norway spruce and Scotch pine will be close to the limit of distinguishability. Satisfactory contrast could be obtained bet en species showing little contrast in infrared, e.g. spruce and pine, oak and beech, in green light (panchrouatlc fi]m and green filter) in spite of the low reflection capacity in this range. The practical difficulty is that use of the filter would de~iand great sensitivity of the film, and it is probably impos- sible at present to achieve the necessary canbination of filter de;asity and film sensitivity. Very valuable work could be done with aerial photographs if it were possible to have regions photo raphed in both the green and the infrared ranges. [18 refs.] (Forestry Abstr . in part) 77 Bertele, L. FE NEW m1S OF HICK OPTICAL PERFOFMfCE FOR AERIAL PEOTOGRAM- IL11RY. Photograr tria, v. 1, No. 2, 19)+9: 52-53. TA593.A2PJ48 Detailed description is given of anew lens, the Aviotar, with a 1:4.2 aperture and a 60? ai~~ilar field, designed for photograntinetric use to provide complete freedom from distortion. The lens, of complete asymmetric construction, is composed of 9 elements cemented together in 4 sections which are separated by air spaces. The correction of image errors permits use of the lens for color photography. 78 Clark, W. YEOTOC:RAPHY BY INFRARED; ITS PRINCIPLES AHD APPLICATIOIS. New York, John Wiley, 1939, 597 p . , incl. diagrs., tables; plates (photographs) m75g.C55 Infrared aerial photography is briefly discussed (p. 257- 262) and forest- and geological aerial survey techniques are described.. 25 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Photo interpretation 79 Deeg, J` J. PhotogY'a~-. AERIAL CAMERAS AND ACCESSORIES. In Amer. Soc. ammetrY2d ed., Washington, D. C., , Manual of Photogr 1~~ , _ ~~~- TA~93,Ab3 p. 69-1~7, incl. illus., tobiS, dic1 s. The re quirements for aerial cameras,? their design and cons- s structinn are described, , and general principle d heir of opesome tion are outlined. A deuailed,descrrptiondit reof heir accessories, military and nonmilitary aCll cc. r9 including specifications for the T-11 camera. $0 Erlnolaev, M. M. oN TAE FATORS P"FFECTING LONG-RANGE VISIT iITY IN T EARCTIC 11. Ob usloviiakh vidimosti na dalekoe rasstoianie v Ar Arkt. Mauch.-Issled. Inst. (Leningrad) s No. 7, 1931 123-126, 00 .1A2 mci. diagr., tables. were carried ouat the Polar Geo i ons Visibility observat physical Station on the Lyakhov Islands (73?11' 1Lt.3014' E. Long.). Mount Ulakhan Suriuk-Tas, abouec 00 in. high and 97 in-1? away from the observation point was sel to determine the visibility. The observations lasted ~16 . moss..4 during which period the mountain was seen eS O~d not coincide in best visibilities at long and short raugwas obtained during time. Optimum visibility at long rang months of July and Auust, while minimum visibility was noted during May. The distribution of visibility mays according to i,y `~ months is tabulated. 81 Fagerholm, E. MAPPING] glgbildens [THE APPLICATION OF ~ AERIAL PHOTOGRAP TO H i8y_il anvsandning for kartframstdllning. Ymer, v. 63, l93 : GNl . incl. photo e, diagrs. . . ca~;ristics The of aerial photographs are discussed, and a comparison is made between oblique and. vertical photogrePhsld l,~,p_~"ng techniques and eq~i~itzerland, are discussed. A of and of the Zeiss companies brief historical survey of the development ofa hot photographs for introduces the study. The importance of P the work of r the Swcd ? ati U~~~--encral Staff LithograPhic Inst. in its Into a hs rapping of Sweden is noted. Eight representative p g P and illustrations of the equiprLent nentione: are included. 26 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 L!I Materials and equipment 82 Grans, G. [STCmIES OF THE STAB]ZITY OF PANCHROMATIC AEROFILMS] Ucter- suchungen der Haltbarkeit von panchromatischen Fliegerfilmen. Jahrb. Deutsch. Luftfahrtforsch., sect. 3, 1910: 49-58, incl. photo, diagrs., tables. TL503.J15 The stability of the following commercial films exposed over a prolonged period to temperatures of 5n 35 and 20?C was tested: Agfa-Aeropan "Normal", and relative humidity of 150 Agfa-Aeropan "H'dhere Enpfindlichkeit", Zeiss-Ikon serial film, Perutz-Pervo a t~eriai iil.u, and. Kodak panatomic film. Results of these tests are tabulated and plotted graphically.. 83 Gramms, G. [CONPARATIVE AERIAL PHOTOGRAPBS IN VISIBLE AND INFRAR RANGE OF A SINGLE rlriULSION j Vergleiheich abfleineraemnniim sichtbaren and infraroten Spektralbe Emulsion. Jahrb. Deutsch. Luftfahrtfor sch., sect. 3, 1942: 57-61, incl. photos, diagrs., tables. TL503?J1 Phototechnical properties of the Infrapan emulsion, which combines infrared-sensitive and panchromatic materials in a single emulsion, are briefly reviewed. Tests of this emulsion for its applicability in aerial photography are described. Six photographs taken with Aeropan B, Infrarot 850, Infrapan II, and Infrapan III are compared for contrast. 84. Jensen, H. A., and R. N. Colwell. PANCHRO ATIC VERSUS INFRARED ANUS-BLUE AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY FOR FOFESTRY PURPOSES IN CALIFORNIA. Photogramm. Eg., v. 15, June 191+9: 201-223, incl. illus., tables, diagrs. TA593.A2P5 A review of systematic tests regarding the relative merits of various film-filter combinations for fore strya pufunction rposes soovs that the chlorophyll content of foliage is more the age and vigor of a tree than of its species. Experiments have shown that the best distinction of tree species is obtained using Eastman Supersensitive Panchromatic rum in combination with a green filter which transmits only light with awave lengths of 460 to 620 mu. Other studies indicate rwith a.minus-blue filter is superiorrboth fferenncaroongtic with minus-blue and to color photography o forest tree species by tonal contrast, eater dnf tr,~einfrared photographic tone between speciesare gr range than in the visible part of the spectrum. Tests conducted 27 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 I Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Photo interpretation o determine applicability of these findings to local growth ditions showed panchromatic minus-blue photographY to yield more con information than the panchromatic green. Optimum ~,, hv. Instru- were obtained using infrared minu-blue photop_ap iuentation and Lethodology employed iii California tests are described. USE of LIAR-6 LENS IN A CONTOUR-COS ' AERLsL oSURVEY) f ~~ prjmenenie ob"ektiva LIAR-6 pri konturno-kombinirovann aeros"emke. Moscow, Izdanie Joenno-inzhenern?abAkad. 1 eni ?i 8 P , , incl. illus ,, t , gr v. V. _ k.,~~y-sheva, 1938, 9 TR81o x8 diagrs. A description is given of the LIAR-6 lens whhiich has an the aberration of 2 n.' astigmatism of 2 n~a., image of 1.5 :!ntn., distortion of r c,3~- , . and. a resolution of 66 lines per 1 mm. in the center and 10 to haleness erc1 ? along the edges. The lens is considered to eater than application for photograumfletric use on scales gr 1:5(} 000. 86 Mason, UOTSPO PT IId WIOE-ANGLE PgOTOC~HS. Photogralmn. Eng., v. 19, ~ HO Sept. 1953: 619-625, incl. photos, diagrS. TA593.A21 . " "no-ShadOll arse", Or The phenomenon known as "h0~paeri a~. photographs contra- "hazy spot" in wide-angle vert ?utes grsetay to increased P1aPP~ costs end lower map accuracy. ~ halation rear The spot is caused by absence of hhado ~ xstahno b~Y the exposure the prolongation of a line frern t station. Its major effect is the destructwedeo nephimagge dedetail over a considerable~ portion of orenarrow"angle photo- . It is not a serious p_obl aPhs in the temperate zones. me most practicalon th heof o overcoming the hotspot is to a oo1dven time may be accurately hotspot on the phut-0graph at Y 8i edicted and flights ma.y be planned tc avoid it. [2 refs.1 Pr (Author's Abstract) 87 Miller, V. C. SON SLOPE DISTORTION SOME FACTORS CAUSING VIIRTICAL EXAGGEHA Sept . 1953 ON AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHS. Photograunn. Eng., v . l9 19, , Set. 592-607, incl. diagrs. - . , -28- Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107/07: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Materials and equipment The study discusses the quaiitative aspects of photographic variables such as focal length, camera height, air asseo,arelief, tilt, and optical imperfections which may contribute vertical exaggeration. [2 refs.) 88 Nagel, M. [ STUDIES OF rlj15 B:,, :,oG~,~,,,TT~IV ?T C SMALL rrn r S ON AERIAL PHOTO- GRAPHS) Untersuchurgen fiber die Erkennbarkeit kleiner Detail in Luftbiidaufnau en. Jahrb. Deutsch. Luftfrtf0r5., sect. h ~ 19+0: 59-60. The report summarizes results of investigations vhich the relationshiP between the picture quality of photographs taken at various focal lengths, the photographic material, and film-development methods were studied.. 89 .Rozhdestvin, N. P. Voenizdat, 19+7, AERIAT PIIOTOGRAPHY1 Aerofotografila. Moskva, tables, k plates. [ s, di s,, ? ~' 331 P?, incl. pho+ cos, p TR81O.R67 The manual on aerial photographY presents a consideration of the fwndamentals of sensitometrY, light filters and film for aerial photographY, expo3ure and its determination for such Photo aphy, developer=nt of the film, the positive process in ~' aerial photography, reproduction of photographic data, the photo- graphic laboratory of the Aerial Photographic Service, profeserial data obtained in aerial reconnaissance, an a discUSSiOn color photography.' 90 Schmieschek, U. RAYS FaOTOGRAPHYJ Die Anwendung [THE APPLICATION OF II''RAR~ rhie. Jahrb. ]~~atsch. I,uft- infra_oter Strahlen in der thotograincl. photos, diagrs. fahrtforsch., sec. 3, 1937 93-98, TL503?J15 A description is given of development of a photographic emulsion technique; of infrared-sensitive emulsions~anesfilters employed in infrared photography; photography in darkness; of principal fields of infYar'hotogrrphhaze , pe mist, and smoke various light wavelengths through hoto hic so well as penetrability ohrinfr~artif~ia~l.h and natural haze; equipment; photof3~'aphing through and distant photography using super-sensitive, infrared-- Eleven aerial photographs taken using sensitive emulsions. various films and filter combinations are included. -29- Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 photo interpretation 91 Schmie schek, U. OF TEE VARIABLE SUITABILITY OF OFH- [SYS7~+`.ATIC I'i~v~STIGATIGI~S O~ EMULSIONS FOR CHROMATIC, p? cBBOMATIC, AID TFRAR t~sche UntEMULSIONS F TE USE IN AERIAL PEOTOQ~11 Sys r Anchro orthochromatische_, pa- Uber die tiuiterschiedliche Ei~ung ~; nd~ i c ner F_ta+i ish Columbia The study found no practical differencein the accuracy -of urvey topographic ground survey and the double_projection method-. Comparative results are shown on maps, profiles, and in a table. [6 refs.] 286 Knechtel, M. M. Geol . Soc . Amer., PIMPLED pLA]2 S OF EASTERN oKr AHO4A. B B. v. 63, 1952: 689-700, incl. photos, agrs Aerial photo 'aPhs are presented which illustrate soil mounds, as well os the fissui patterns found both in playas and in tundra and considered. to be genetically similar in part. 287 Kornrumpf, M? [AERIAL PIIOTOGRAPKY AND LAP~DSCAPE KTLORA sON ] Luf tbild und Raumforschung. Luftbild u. Luftbildmessungg, no , 1937? ]i-13' incl. photos. 593 The relation between landscape photographs and geological structures is illustrated by a number of aerial and ground photographs taken in various parts of Germany. 288 Kreutzinger, J. [TOPOGRAPHY/ Topografia. Warszawa, Ministerst~ro Spray Wo~sko- bl latea maps. es t , p , o wych, 1928, 339 p?, incl. d.iagrs., UG TO . K7~ The manual, used as a textbook by the students of the Polish War College, presents basic data on on, topography, photogr~try, cartography, the military importance of terrain. Twenty-one aerial photo- graphs are appended. [33 refs.] 289 Locket', B. T:E BJtTAZION OF ORDNANCE SURVEY MAPS AND GEC(tATICAL PICTURES. London, Georg Philip, 1937, 31 p., incl. photos, maps; maps. NNC-Geology D5268 .L79 88 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 ^ Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 In physiography The interpretation of ground photographs is exemplified on a group of pictures taken on the British Isles. Methods of etermining the topograp. hy, and identifying vegetation features d and man-made objects are shown. The main types of landscape found in Great Britain and analyzed in the study are chalk downland, limestone upland, as well as clay vales and plains. 290 LOf str~u-, .?vaksrtoitus (MAPPING WITH AIR-PHOTOGRAPHS IN r u~~y m) Tlmakt~ Suomessa. English sum mary) Terra (Helsingfors), v. j8 (3). [ 19+6: 86-118, incl. photos, diagrs., tables. The development of aerial photographic mapping in Finland methods and techniques, is reviewed. Present aerial mapping 'which are making use of photography on a scale of 1:20,000 end includes surveying to fix points and contour lines, are discussed. [12 refs.] 291 Lyman, C. K. FORESTERS AS TOPOGRAPHIC MAPPERS IN THE REDWOODS. Jour. Forestry, v. 1+3, Apr. l9!+5: 265-268. SD1.663 The mapping of the coastal area of northern California, e. , performed by the U. S. Forest Service for the War Dfo is described. 292 OUTSTANDING AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHS IN NORTH AMERICA. Amer. Geol. Inst., Rept. No. 5, 87 p., May 1551. SIPRE files, 5-1688 The index of aerial photographs contains examples illus- trative of various geomorphic and structural subjects. Ln- with cluded are permafrost features, features associated methods glaciation and solifluction. Types o ph g ph, of procurement and a bibliography of literature on aerial photography are discussed. IU. P. 293 Parmuzin, [AN :xpERIMENTrAL APPLICATION OF AEROPHOTOGRAPHIC ?4M OOERIA] ~ MORPHOLOGICAL STUDIES OF TEE TAIGA BELT IN CENTRAL skikh issledo- ge giche prineneniia aerofotometodov pri fo van1 kh taezhnor polosy Srednei Sibiri. Voprosy Geogr? (Moskva), v. 21, 1950: 107-120; plates. 023?V6 89 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Photo interpretation hotog. aphY applied to geomorpho- bcperimellts with aerial p '" ~ shoal that optimum logical studies of Central Siberian taig- rpCat opt : pre- using the fallowing p results were obtained by nary photo interpretation and aerial es sa og ey points the area - di studied, and supplementary ground &tt ,,nretation and air survey. carnot be readily defined from te- j De ho - tailed methods for each o! the above phases of aagnomo~ th --~, logical study are outlined. Eleven aerial pho,ogr p obligati and vei' +.1~-u- ~i?1,r ? .rP arpendcd to the study. 294 Prouty, W. F. Soc. Amer., v. 63, THEIR ORIGIN . B i . Ge01 . CAROLINA GAYS A ~ maps, diagz?s., tables. 1453: 1b7-224, Lncy. photos, Q-.G2 a hs were used to map the distributinebays ong Ph the e AF lain area and to make l A tlantic coastal p s. the farms and patterns of individual occurrencc analysis of rurr ,~lementea by magnetometer studies, Photo interpretation was Jimentation. field observations, and expP 295 Rengarten, P. A. c k1MAL PIIOTOGRAFRIC MATERL(L IN GEOMORPUOL olSTJDIFS DE OF HICAL COIv~ITIO S) Isp `_SICAL AND GEOGRAP VARIOUS Pff e UNDER E rofotas"emki dlia geomorfologicheskikh issledoyani materialov ae st. kh flziko-ge0gr?afi.cheskikh usloviiakh. +ve tables. V razlichny inves ~.. Vsesoiuz. Geogr. 4bshch., V. 71 (6), 1939: 37_896, G23.R6 The method of , anplication of aerial photographic survey fry location var in geomorphological studies is ronse~ent on theYlayout, size, to location and depends to a la- ge geologic composi- c0nfiguration, internal structure, and the g pactors are tion of the objective on the grouyd. The latter t yrns of - 5?rface character- repre stinted on an aerial' photo Ex in teample s of utilization of aerial istics and tone variations. lairs and hotographY in the study of plains, disscted p s P mountains of the USSR are presented. . 296 SadOk, V. S? Liptovsky Svaty Mikulas, Slovto1-r Publish rs OUR Ltd., 1950, 120 p., incl. photos. c1135 ?C9 sins of Czechoslovakia are depicted in the groznd The mount of the areas covered by p photographs ? A brief s~`tTeY resentation. graphs serves to introduce the pictorial p -90- i Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 i In physiography 297 Smith, H. T. U. Eng., AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHS n GEOMORPHIC STUDIES. hotogramm . ~ anr~ .i. . V. 8 Apr.June 19i-2: 129-i5, ~ ill?s , , graph, map. A.1ao- , -r ~. :New _.,_ Ynrk, in Amer . Soc . photogranm . Manual of Pho tog'~~?rY, :N +... i_v P1: U Rh in? Co . 19+5 , P ? 728-748 . TA593 .A2P5 ? y The present status of aerial photog'aPh 'ad ^artographY is outithed, the pertinent literature reviewed, and terse is aerial photographs iii the interpretative study of 1a involve-fO discussed. The interpretataoe ?reaief~and cultural features, the identification of drathg , 7d A recogiition of the sirmificance of these features in - geomorphic history terms of nterpretation area basically similar to those for topo- prthci pie s of ite maps. r~. The existing ~~~ ArPnce $ are primarily caused g graphic L are more qualitative regardin by the fact that photographs L? ?,a titativel in terms of the d,etaii, but are less accord The adequacy ofyaerial photo- for geomorphic interpretation depends ~horizQphs onta as l a and direct vertical basis scale . the or type s of ter oraPha to be studied, the scale of the investigation, the importance of accurate vertical control, on t the nature and scope of the study, the extent of previous field of studies on the same problem, and on the reliability criteria for the given problem. 298 Smith, H. T. U. and PEOT4 IP~PREE]:ATION OF RAIN. In Comm . un GeophYs . -- C SELECTED Geogr., Red. and Development Poard, Washington, D. . , PR~TION. Apr. 1953, PAPERS ON FHOTC:B.LOGY Ads ? PHOTO Re t. Tno. GG 209/1 ; Unclasaif ied} p? 7-53, incl? photos, nap (P (TID-L4751 AD 81956 s viewed- The general rationale of photo interPretatiofne terrain by a geomorphologist is discussed. An example o presented. Atudy based largely on photo interpretation isrp went as a potentialities and limitations ,of pdexedin o maps and 18 means of studying terrain are c,)nsi [16 refs./ aerial photographs are included in the study. 299 Tator, B. A. g REGIONS . Photogramn. D er,gATldAGE ANOMALIES IN CO ~~17~ i~nc1. photos, map. g, v. 20, June 191,+. TA593 ?A2P5 91 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 F Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Photo interpretation A report is presented of studies conducted to refine photo a tool interpretation technigpes for ascal data in the coastal tion of geomorphological and geoloS plains region. [10 refs./ See also items 2~4, 163, 222, 225, 231, 235, 262, 308-310, 321. Hydrography 300 Birdseye, C. FLOOD NEASJB 4ENTS BY AERIAL P1i0TOaRAPhL. Cana d. Surveyor, v. 6 (1), July 1937: 10-11. TA5O1.C3 A method of determining the flood discharge velocity by means of aerial photographs is briefly described. 301 Budel, J. mTrTATION] Das I A.ERIAL PEOToc APB n~ ICE i ESEARCH AND ICE n vES Zeitschr. Luftbild im Dienste der Eisforschung und EiserkundUUflg5, plates Gesell. Erdkunde (Berlin), v. 1943 (7-10),G13 pAerial observation and Photography facilitate the investi- gation and cartographical recording of ice formation, distribu- tion, and classification in Arctic and Antarctic seas, aerial including changes in ice floes. The photography in hydrography are pointed out. Photographs of different types of ice as seen from the air are included. [160 refs.] 302 TE Dl '~ t*an~t AL''ATlIL vAmmOr_RepuS OF TqT'. RFATT'~ SURFACE ~ERMiA1~IOi PROM AERL' s H... ..- VELOCITIES OF WATER. Canad. Surveyor, v. 5 (11), Jan. 1937: 22? TA501.C3 A stereoscopic study method for determining stream A vertical photograph in a velocities is briefly described. direction opposite to the floe of the stream died ascale satis- approXimstely 500 ft. to the inch is recomme factory. 92 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 ' F. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 In hydrography 303 Galkina, E. A., S. S. Gilev, N. P. Golovin, and K. E. Ivanov. [APPLICATION OF AERIAL SURVEY DATA TO HYDROc APHICAL STUDIES OF SWAMPS] Primenenie materialov aeros"emki dlia gidrografi- cheskogo 1zuchenil uolot. Ak d. Nauk SSSR, Oat. Biol. Nauk., Refer. Nauch.-Issled, rabot [for 1945], 1947, p. 13. 9E3O1 .A357 The report presents & brief review of aerial photo-surveying of swamp areas conducted in the northwestern USSR, outlines the basis for interpretation of aerial photographs, and discusses the basic features of the hydrographical network of the investi- gated regions. 3011. Gams, 11. [AERIAL Piioioar& y m m STUDY OF LAKES AND MARSHES] Das Luftbild in der Seen- and Moorforschung. Zeitschr. Gesell. Erdkunde (Berlin), v. 1943 (7-10), 19k3: 3+5-351. G13.c5 The appliceticn of aerial photography to studies of lakes and swamps is briefly discussed and the advances in this field made since the end of World War I are pointed out. The use oP color and infrared photography for the identification of bog types and certain plant species is also mentioned. [32 refa. ] 305 Gaveman, A. V. [APPLICATION OF AERIAL PHOTOGRAPiiC SURVEY TO HU$OGRAPKIC WORK ni TIIE SOVIET ARCTIC] Prim nenie aerofotos"enki dl{a gidro- graficheskikh rabot v Save tskot Arktlke. [English swumary] Izvest. Akad. Nauk SSSR, ser. Geogr. Geofiz., v. k (1') 1940: 133-152, incl. maps, tables. AS262.A6216 Results of the investigation, carried out by the Aero- Survey Commission of the State Geographic Society, are summa- rized. Methods employed in the aerial photographic survey of the mouth of Olenek River are described. Three different maps of the same area were plotted using either aerial photography alone, aerial photography covpled with ground survey, or.ground. survey only. Lest results were obtained using the combined aerial and ground survey method.' 306 photos, maps, diagrs., tables. G593 .K3 Karelin, D. B. [ICE RECONNAISSANCE FROM ~ AIR] Ledovaia aviatsionnaia raz . vedka. Moskva-Leningrad, Glavsevmorput', 1916. 152 p., incl. -93- Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Photo interpretation 308 307 Melton, F. A. AN F~FIRICAL CLASSIFICATION OF FLOOD-PLAIN STREAMS. Geogr. Rev. (New York), v. 26, Oct. 1936: 593-609, incl. photos, diagrs. G1.G35 Eleven aerial photographs of meandering flood-plain streams are presented. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 A brief history of ice reconnaissance end equipment used is presented. Ice reconnaissance from the air was carried out to determine ice conditions. Various factors affecting the ice, the actual organization of flights, methods of reconnaissance, and geo~Traphical and seasonal ice conditions are discussed in detail. Visual observation was considered unreliable and the use of photography is recommended. (SIPRE Abstr.) The paper reports the development of techniques for com- piling drainage maps of fine detail from aerial photographs of the several counties in Indiana. 309 Parvis, M. DRAl3A E PAS k SIGNIFICANCE LEI AL~PROTO ID ~ICATION OF SOILS AND RiIDRC KS. ~'P.hetogrP. Eng., v. 1., ' 6, J.. _ 1950. 387-409, incl. illus., maps. TA593.A2'5 The analyses of drainage patterns for their use in the identification of regional soils ana bedrocks by means of air- photos is reported. The relative ease dth which stream sys- tems can be observed on aerial photographs facilitates the r'cognition of drainage patterns. It has been accepted that certain basic drainage patterns such as the dentritic, trellis, radical, parallel, annular, and rectangular are asso^.iated with specific land surface materials. Airphoto interpretation re- vealed several modifications of the basic drainage patterns such as reticuiar, phantom, and lacunate. Drainage patterns traced from representative airphotos of various physiographic regions throughout the U.S. are presented as illustrations of patterns which develop in the soils and bedrocks typical of the regions. Drainage patterns in regions where the rocks are bare or are covered only with shallow soils are decidedly dif- ferent from those in regions of deep glacial drift. Drainage Parvis, M. DEVELOPMENT OF DRAINAGF MAPS FROM AERLAL PBOTOGRAPBS. Proc. Nat Res. Council, sigh. a y Res. Board, v. 26, 1946 151-163, incl. photos, diagrs., table. TE1.N 5 % Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107/07: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 patterns develop differently in horizontal rocks than in tilted rocks. A conclusion is made that surface drainage i]tternsbed- be relied upon in the airphoto identification rocks on a regional basis. 310 Parvis, M. DRAINAGE PATTERN SIGNIFICANCE IN kIRPHOTO SIGNIFICANCE OF SOIL ~ ~r~,~ Mm BEDRCCKS? Bull. NAt._ tses. Cuu;lCli, Ha~g1i..v Re a . Board, ITo. 28, Nov. 1950: 36-62, incl.. photos, cps, dia 8s. at.~erns in various physiographic regions in the rainag P+ B United States are analyzed. The drainage patterns are classi- fled according to basic or modified types and are i ou actor by photographs. Rock structure is sho~rn~ be a ~paiortfa in the developunt of these types. identified in aerial photographs can be utilized in the air- photo identification of soils ? 3- rocks because of area the~cdlits correlation between the soils and bedrock of drainage pattern. [26 refs./ 311 Predtechenskii, I. P. TIOi1J rtdrologi- [A SPECIAL PURPOSE HYDROT LOGICAL ' cheskoe deshj-frirovania `lii + shifrirovaniiuth t sele aerosni~ . nkov. In Ed.. ~~? by Nauk S5SR. F~a,~`,,erialy po de A. E. Fersman. [Sbo'nik. Sverdlovsk2J, Iydatel'stvo Aka3. Nauk TA593.F4 5S~, 1912 , p , 50-71, incl . i11us . thode employed in photo interpretation of streams, rivers, lakes, sea shorelines, river outlets, ,~ and. other reviewed nand Ten aerial resulting from the presence of photographs are included in the text, and a disiusionf is variou hydrographic features recognized on photos pre sented. See also items 10, 71, 160, 189. 2472, 495. 7, Soil classification In hydrograPhy 312 Baldxin, M. Photogramm. THE USE OF AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHS IN SOIL MAPPING593?5 Eng., v. 13 (i+), Dec. 1947: 532-536? -95- Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 I Photo interpretation A rev, hotographic soil surveying since World ~,, ~w of aerial p ocesses and tech- War I, and a summary of presently employed processes niques are presen adi.on~is indicated. hip (2 refs. between the terrain features and vege 313 Belcher, D. J. U WAR-TIC SOILS r'1G?RT~G, Roads USE OF AERIAL PROTO(~A.P~ And Streets, v. 85, July 1912: 35-7: incl. illus. T 1.R7 Aerial photographs are used by soil engineers to d teh ne and the physical features cnd ton. hySoilsedeveloped,undPr soil conditions by interpretation. sjmilar conditions are considered to have similacehar c air photo- istic appearances and engineering properties. aphs are used to illustrate this method of soil idwntificat on. 314 Belcher, D. J. emrrj~ RTf T /\T.7 ~-,Tr_ f''RAC1?-,I~ y,,u BY T~ DL~~'~tl~Ob ...,,,L'`IlvG SOIL -- 122 p jLafayette, inQ.I 1943 USE OF AERIAL pBOTOGRAPHS. fables. Thesis -- Purdue Univ. plates, maps, incl. photos, LP no. 1033 itions Pedology is used in a soil survey to map soil cond sneering purp"^?"""' The use of aerial photographs for eng by the engineer to anticipate soil conditions, and to locate sand an c. gravel deposits is described. (129 refs. 315 Belcher, D. J. E~GINE`ERflJG APPLICATIONS OF AERIAL RECOT IAISS NCE d us., ~.c~ Geol. Soc. Amer., v. 57, Aug. 19+6: 72T-733, thcl. tables; plates. The application . of photo interpretation to engineering evidence shows that most work is br{~efly reviewed. bs Y Assemble patterns regard- soils can be distinguish d less r'pn,T.?GT,~1~ distribution. Photographs illustrate less of t l,~l. o~~~--r-- +~,t data are presented to hermit the similarity of patterns, the evaluation of interpretation. 316 Belcher, D. J. AERIAL rOTOGRAPHS. DE T,~1ATIOPt OF SOIL CONDITIONS ?? FROM 482-88 ~ incl . illua. Photografl . Fng., v. 1~+, Dec. l948 TA593?A2P5 _96- Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 :1 In soil classification iected to careful analysis produce Aerial photographs suu,, c ound water condi- evidence of soil texture, soil ~xJimate depth below the surface, bons, type of rock and its appro and the character of the vegetative provide cover. These data pr iziformation for e: oinePr~'?g use. (1) Soil proper- the following Atterberg limits and coiupaction requirements tors, fills; including approxi' bearing capacity or general road reguire- for ~ rent in soil or rock; - eq'{ P ~,,,menns for excavation arid embw .~ ;i or rock; remerlts for excavation and emb nn; (4) rotational ?+ r ? (3) influence of weather on c,,. problems; (5) a ._ ' of construction R requirements; (6) sources ~.ra ~~na~?e " The identification of the land-form isconsidristics.a mater f the evaluation of engineerin8 cn prey?qui uisitE o.r the .. FUUB OF MINERAL PROSPECTING. 317 Belcher, D. d? ment Board, TEF.RAItd TNTELLIGECE ANA E and Geogr?, Res. and Develop In Co1~. on Geophys? 4iashingt0u, D. C , , sEC11 PAPERS ON PHOTOGEOLOGY AD PH ; t no GG 209/1 ..` ~ 453, p. 103-107' (Rep IN~t'p~TION, Apr. 1, [TID-L475J Unclassified) AD 81990 Methods and means employed in analysis of aerial photo- for identification of soil textures and rock types graphs are briefly described. 31A Davis, M. ri? INDIANA MORAINE, ENGIT~~G EVAI'LA'iIO~I OF NOR Ind. J PATTERNS. [L~ayette, ,m SAND DUNE AIRPHO LACVS'ixur~, u ~'D DU' s, tables. Thesis -- 1949, 91p,, incl. photos, maps, diagr , LP no. 11489 puxdue Uni`r. rais study of the.compleY soil patterns in the ValaXaiSo In a ~ tion regarding geology, (Indiana) Moraine area, informs ground patterns detected on and drainage r,~as correlated with of the areaSig- aerial photographs to construct a base map oftos was astab. " nificance of the patterns seen on the air p ;litate differen- '1 field studJ', and eemapoofaPorter County, tiatio cofou~ A drainag nation of soil tnineering soils map of the moraine area were Indiana, and an eng constructed from the assembled data. [65 refs.] 319 Dawson, P. K. 'qN INDIANA SAN?TO S 109 IJ incl. photos, AIRPHOTO STUDY AND MAPPING OF SOUTEEAT SHALE MATERIALS. [Lafayette, Ind.] 19~, . maps, diagrs,, tables. Thesis -- Purdue Univ. LP no. 11490 -97- Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 __- Photo interpretation A drainage map of Jackson County, Indiana, was prepared and areas containing Mississippian sandstone-shale materials in the state delimited by means of a detailed analysis of aerial photographs. Minor areas of slightly different materials within the sandstone-shale regions were likewise located. Descriptions and illustrations are preented to assist in the identification of airphoto patterns, composite images formed fw' rn.,~ +L,n ?C. 1 ? - ,_ n? nr..nn4. ? 1 n...74...+... 7....f < . .n C., i. 4. -. , ,., 4 -- ..--- -.--.. . vllV n iii G:1G.f1w li V.u ? +.: >. w+v. ..., : w1aLC: :. t/'.i J w? 11, b7 :i+ color tone, vegetation, gully shapes and erosion scars, and man-made features. An engineering soils map of the Missis- sippian sandstone-shale region in southeastern Indiana on a county basis was prepared by identification of airphoto pat- terns. Soil and rock predictions, made from analysis of the airphoto patterns, were correlated with actual field condi- tions. The investigation involved a study of airphoto inter- pretation technique and such background sciences as physiog- raphy, geomorphology, geology, and pedology. 320 Frost, R. B. ALRPHOTO PAT_TEk S OF SOUTHERN flDL4NA SOILS. [Lafayette, Lid.) 19+6, 269 p., irel. photos, maps. Thesis -- Purdue Univ. LP no. 10716 Soil type identification and mapping from aerial photo- graphs is accomplished by utilizing principles of the earth sciences, and an analysis of terrain patterns characteristic of sells derived from the several types of parent material found in southern Indiana. Ground views are given to illus- trate such components of the photographic patterns as land- form, soil tone, vegetation, drainage pattern, and land occupancy. Aerial photographs are given to show details of the various patterns in stereo vision. (20 refs.1 321 Fro st, R. E . , and J. D. Mollard. 1M GLACIAL FEATt~tES IDE?Y BY AIPPHOTOS IN 6011 MAPPING PROGRAM. Proc. Nat. Res. Council, Highway Res, Board, v. 26, 19+6: 562-576, hid. uvto6, Regional soil mapping from aerial photographs is dis- cussed. The common bedrock and glacial patterns are de- scribed and illustrated. Complex soil patterns and associated glacial features are also described and illustrated by air and ground photographs. 98 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 ?r Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 In soil classification 322 Frost, R. E., and K. B. Woods. UNITED STATES [,~S ALRPHOTO PATER,' S OF SOILS OF THE WESTERN y APPLICABLE TO AIRPORT E-~GflEERING). Washington, U. S. GOY. printing Office, 19+8, 76 p. 6599 ?U5F7 terns The report describes the foi llowin airphoto pat g (te aeolian North Dakota and Montana, m:tztlai~ of and. (l) gi&Ci31 : ~n1,~n~ iia y^ and. a soils pr imai ~.L,r :. ~ the to , Plateau, (3) sandstone ~ .- (~~ igneeo,.~5 shale materials of Montana and Wyoming; the basalts from and m. (b) ?fy soils states of in filled the Northwest, in particula c he asap f the Columbia Plateau; (5) Great Plains tout hewWilla~tte and o valleys includ-tng nine gz.o~,d and air the Great Valley of California. Ninety- photos are included. 323 Hills G. A. ING SOIL SITES . Forestry ; TILE USE OF AERIAL PFOTOGR INiAPHY MAPP iuc19 ~agz? s , tables Chronicle, v. 26 (i), Mar. 1950: 37, ~_99.8F7623 fable . A ro osed soil site classification scut hotsitable oable isr use in p the p mapping of soil sites from aerial p gr resented. Geomorphic features and cover patterns recog- nizable p in aerial photographs and their use in the interPre- the photographs are described. The factors aer t the ac of the the ial of the interpretation of soil ; ites ac photographs are discussed. [4o refa.J and K. B. goads ?. 324 Jenkins, D. S., D. J. Belcher, L. E. Gregg, TR3 TYi ION, AND AIFPfOTO IDEi~IFICATION OFA THE ORIGIN , DIS STATES SOILS WITH SPECIAL ~ NCE TO AIRPORT A~ UI Aeronaut. EIVGIlVEERING. Washing UNITD ton, U. S. Dept. Com>~ 202 p., incl. photos, diagrs?, Administration 11946a 2v.; 'V. l~ 5599.)]4.5. tables; maps; v. 2, 63 P Methods of studying soil through application of the prin- uea for ci les of pedology are combined with aehstec~egtechfoques are p soils from aerial photogr p identifying and soil science. The use of aerial partially based on geology photo mapping techniques is described. 325 Lowdermilk, W. SE OF AERIAL MAPPING IN SOIL CONSERVATION. Civil Brig .,. V. 8 (9), Sept. 1938: 605-607, incl. photos. TAl.C1152 99 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Photo interpretation The employment of aerial photographs by the U. S. Soil Conservation Service in its soil conservation program is described.. The methods and techniques developed in the course of mapping approximately 1.O",OOO sz= mi. of land. from the air are discussed. The improvements in soil mapping through photo interpretation, since its first use by the Soil Conservation Service in 19337'are shown. 326 McCullough, C. R. A OTO IITIRPRETATION OF SOILS AND DRAINAGE OF RU3fl COUNTY, INDIAtlA. [Lafayette, Ind. 19` ', 65 p., incl. photos, maps; maps. Thesis -- Purdue Univ. LP-no. 11071 A study vas made of the complex glacial soil patterns in Rush County, Indiana, which contains a variety of moralnie patterns and is situated adjacent to the border of the Wisconsin and Illinoian glaciers. Drainage and engineering soils maps (1:62,500) of Rush County were prepared through correlation of data derived from aerial photographs, perti- nent literate, and field work. The engineering soils map is considered useful in the regional design of highways to indicate areas havthb favorable soil characteristics and to locate construction materials. [29 refs.) 327 McLerran; J. H. AIRHOTO STUDY AND BOUNDARY DELINEATION OF SOUTHWESTERN INDIANA SHALE-SANLS'IDNE SOIL MATERIALS. [Lafayette, Ind. 1952, 100 p., incl. photos, maps, diagrs., tables; maps. Thesis -- Purdue Univ. LB-no. 13110 This portion of Indiana, known locally as the Wabash Lowland, lies mainly in the Aggraded Valley Section of the Interior Low P.Lsteau, a maturely dissected area with alluvial filled valleys. The residual soil mantle, overlying alternating shales and sandstones or massive sandstone of Pennsylvanian age, is predominantly silt and is frequently characterized b?r poor internal drainage. The study was made through the use of aerial photography combined with field work which was supplemented and facilitated by use of available agricultural and geological reports and maps. A detectable difference was found in the airphoto patterns produced by aeolian silt overlying shale and sandstone, and by the residual soils of the shale and sandstone. The shale- sandstone materials of southwestern Indiana were found to produce a smooth, rounded landform, and to have ragged, V- shaped gullies (appearing white on the photos) and dendritic - 100 - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 In soil classification drainage with some structure control; strip-mining scars are apparent. The landforfi and erosion-gully features are the most signifjeant Pattern elements of shale-sandstone topography. Soil textures were found nearly consistent over the entirc area mapped as shale-standstone materials. Hence the same engi- neering problems, associated with silt soils (pumping, subgrade failure, erosion, landslide, lack of granular construction materials) ray be anticipated throughout the area. The text provides a number of illustrations to aid identification of the various airphoto patterns produced by the elerrats of landforn, drainage, erosion, soil tones, and man-made features. Ground views are also included to sh~ow landi'orm and structural ele- ments. !daps developed by the study should provide reliable and useful data for engineering projects within the study area. It is concluded that use of airphoto interpretation is a valuable and. economical method of mapping soils for engineering purposes. For such purposes in such as area photography on a scale larger than 1/20,000 is considered helpful. A basic knowledge of the fundamentals c.f physiography, geology, and pedology is con- sidered essential for the photo interpreter. [14.3 refs.] 328 Miles, R. D. PROCEURE FOR _M_J(ING PRr'LLiiINARY SOILS AND T AINAGE SURVEYS FROM AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHS. [Lafayette, Ind.] 1951, 65 p.3 table, incl. photos, maps, diagrs., tables. Thesis -- Purdue Univ. LP-no. 12803 Methods and procedures are given for preliminary engi- neering surveys of soils and drainage, conducted by means of interpretation of aerial photography (1:20,000) of proposed highway routes. 329 Moessner, K. E. PHOTO CLASSIFICATION OF FOREST SOILS. Proc. Soc. Amer. Foresters, v. 191+9: 27$-291? 51)1.6612 The classification system for soil groups used in this study was developed originally for civil engineers having only a general knowledge of soils. An illustration is given of an ;. h_oto analysis chart which illustrates by means of sketches the landform, d aj ri ?e, erosion, and color characteristics of major soils groups found in the U.S.A. Forest site variations are considered as largely caused by basic differences in topography and soils, and photo interpreters can readily classify forest areas into sites based on topographic position and soil groups. Neasurements made in the field showed -101- Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Photo interpretation ath and quality on sites thus significant differences in gro cies identificaon is diffi- claasified from photos. since sge cult ana subject to change, and site classification managers making re1atiV Y eas and core stable, the latter is re~cO I to; fore (Forestry Y aerial surveys in haz' MONTGOM 330 Mollard, J. D. ~OTO n~PRETATION OF SOILS AND DRAINAGE OF s 1Y , mCOUYTY, I:11rDTAl`;A, [L,,.f ayettedue Ind.Univ]., 19+7, 97 pLc.-, no . x. incl photos 077$ aps, maps. Thesis -- Pur is given of techniquee. and methods used to A description ~ineeriag soils map of Montgomery compile a drainage and an ens i drair~.age was found to Country, Indiana. The method of mapp ng rmit tentative be s.ifficiently accurate ~d? d~talow coat Several neK air- th?a flestimates to be n'-a field photo soil patterns were revealed while~c0re1aaergiai photo inYestigstic~ns of surface materials vi their characteristic9. 331 Montano, P. A]RPROTO PATTS OF iTRTE ~nrGru~fRldG SI(~tIFICMiCE OF TUE' Ind.] 19, 160 p., incl. ,, .~.,,. ~,.._ ?~ORT'~ INDIANA SOILS. [Lafayette esis -- Purdue Univ. photos, maps, d-~ ag7's ? , tables. LP-no. 10696 the air photo interpretation of the soilsof - A tudy of to evaluate the engineering p op northersn Indiana was made a relative Sue' porting ties of these values, soil use s in as ?onrelatistruCtion materials, and other The study includes an analysi s of the la airm-s characteristics. ~~ laciological features as till p s photo patterns of s mid l~,e ~~. moraines, outwash pl ing , ZNG OF IIr'DIAItiA FROM AIPPgOTOS. Photogra~? 332 Montano, P. E~1GINEFRING SOILS M.~2, l, incl . photos, maps, ~~'s ? gig,, v. l8, Sept. 195 71-9-73 TA593?A2P5 is resented concerning the Procedures and tech- A report i pre ess made in soil mapping from airiihotos. niqu,es used, and progr [7 refs. -102 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 ^ Z ti 3 In soil classification 333 Parvis, 14. A]RPHOTO INTERPRETAiI0i1 OF SOILS AND DRAINAGE OF ParxF O INDLnuq lLaf33etT?e, Ind. J 1946 20$ -~ C_ iN'].7, ma s. Thesis -- ~ P?, incl. photos, maps; p s. Univ. LP-no. 10697 report is ;nad~ of the research used. in develo i piques and methods for ccm P ng tech- piling a fine-detail drainage map and a general en Rinceri,ncJ coil p mo of Parke C u., [20 ref s. j - "r Parke vwi i;J', Indiana. 3311. Pollard, W. S,, Jr. AIRPHOTO T'REL'ATION OF SOILS AND IN'DIAYA. [Lafayette Ind, ~~INAGE OF AENRY COUNTY, ~~'S.; maps. Thesis -_ ] 1948, 65 P?, incl. photos, maps, Purdue Univ. LP-no. 11073 A description is given of procedures followed in the ro- duction of an engineering soil map and a detailed drainage p of Henry County, Indiana. Aerial photographs were stud map stereoscopically to determine drainage features. Sou areas were differentiated and limited through a study of the soil patterns resulting from such factors as drainage, landform, soil tone, vegetation, and land use. Particular attention was given to discernment of patterns produced by granular and semi_granulaY. morainic deposits, of engineering value due to their gravel content. [0 refs,) 335 Rourke, j, D., and M. E. Austin. THE USE OF AIR-PHOTOS FOR SO]L, CLASSIFICATION AND MAPPING IN ~ FIELD. Photog amm. Ebg., vt 17, Dec. 1931; 738- 4 illus., maps. 7 7, incl. TA593?A2P5 The use cf aerial photos in deters and in ~jg the soil types preparation of soil maps, and the use of . single-lens vertical aerial photos in field mapping are briefly discussed. 336 Stevens, J. C. AIRPHOTO Il P: ATIOt~ OF ThE u.LINOIAN GLACIAL DRIFT SOILS IN SOu "LEAS INDIANA. [Lafayette, Ind. photos, maps, diagrs?, tables; maps. Thesis l-- Pur p'' incl. due Univ. LP-no. 11491 A drainage map of Clark County, Indiana, and a soil map of the Illinoian glacial-drift region of southeastern Indiana were developed by means of photo interpretation of aerial pho?t graphs of the area. Soil textures were predicted b tation of the composite pattern produced on the~aeri 1 -103- Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 } i 1 i I i 1 s t Photo interpretation 1 shape by land-form, soil color tone, -land use ~ .Y S87 g s dPnt, vege ta,tion, and various man ma ~d ~,r?a e refs.] 337 Van Til, C. J. CENTRAL INDIAN A~PHOTO ~~{,PRETATION MD MAPPING 0~! SOUTH -p ?' incl . photos, ~L fayette, Ind. ] x~,a,. LIMESTONE SOILS A l y?. 1 ? cps ? - Purdue ~L tables, Thesis - 358 de of the drainage system and soils ain the draiflae A study was ~ d~~g which south-czntral limestone area of Indiana, soils map Count Y, I diuna, and an engineering A back - ground. :'ion"~ C.,..._~ ~ hct~~r~PhY w the use of aerial P were prepared thro eoiogy, puysiogiaphY: dology are ~d } ~owledge of g the interpretation of airphoto p considered essential and atterns to soil color . which are edand gra such dient, factors as 1anvegetation,dform, land use, and man- tone, sully y Y shap shapz made features. tom- refs.) the and R. E. Frost. 33& Woods, K. ., ? , . ~ . 'pN B~~N u JT F FHO''~'b C-~Ap~-, 1N T~ CO f? ~99P', A'R incl. USE OF AERIAL OST i neCr, v. 40' Nov. 1949: 9Z- i AND SQII,S? 2~i--it. ~~ photos, P. the relationship bet~en soil Data of a study covering annd nermafY'oat as ositiou, Yeb tation, arctic and aub-+tures, oil cate1 by airpho o patterns of materials from - arctic Y are Presented. Results shOV that aerial photo arctic regions of ona sapha can `ae used to identi~M~ oc,st ~, in these acterized gby P yg ated ~ { Note pattern of the The a~rp h numerous elongated lakes and elong ande-~lg flat aerial hOtographe of typical permafrost &rid ridge S. Four ur areas are included. 339 Yang, S. T. ApggHOTO NATION OF DRAfIAGE AfDSOILS OF FOtJWFA1Ilhotos, mci. Ind. / i9 7, ! 7 r . , ~ [Lafayette, imps , ~ Purdue Univ. 12_no? 10782 maps; maps. Thesis -- e and soils of Fount o- Astudy was 'r'R~ of Stop nterpretation of aerial p County, Indiana, by man sneering ch~?acteristics graphs. The drainage system and the eng A d_scription d in the course of stud.I? of the soil were mapPe hOto pattern of each soil type with its is given of the s observed on the airphoto and in the field. characteristic E as Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107/07: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 In soil classification See also items 11, 18, 71, 219, 252, 254, 257, 271, 284, 309, 310, 37`7, 1478. 8. Forestry 3140 Boutin, J. USE OF AERIAL PHirTOGRAPES ] Notions [ GEi ERAL IDEAS ON T_ scrimire s sur l' enploi des photographie s ae rienne s. Rev. Forestiere Fran9., v. 5 (11) , Nov. 1953: 727-734, incl. diagrs.; plate. DA-99.88329 The use and availability of aerial photographs for forestry purposes in France and. Its colonies are discussed. Interpretation techn~.ques are described. A new 1:20,000-scale aerial map of France is reconmended as an aid in photointerpre- tation. 341 Burwell, R. W. THE APPLICATION OF PHOTOGRA2T2iE1Y TO FORESTRY. Photo?ramm. Eng., v. 8, Jan.-Mar. 1942: 18-21. A593.A2P5 The uses of aerial maps in forest fire prevention, typing of timber stands, plain ing of roads and trails, and estimating of ti'nber voles are briefly reviewed. 342 Chabrol, P. [ SORE USES OF AERIAL PHOTOGRAPEY IN 1 IE RESTORATION OF OU NOUNTAfl LAND] Quelques emplois d- la photographie service de restauration des terrains en montagne. Rev. Forestiere Franc., v. 5 (I), Nov. 1953: 767-773. AA-99.88329 The use of aerial photography in reforestation projects in the Central Pyrenees Mountains is discussed. Aerial pho- tography was utilized for the study of erosion, glaciers, snowfall, flood prevention, and for agricultural mapping and planning. 343 Champion, F. W. AIR-SURVEY OF FORESTS. Indian Forester, v. 59 (1) , Jan. 1933: plate s . SD]. .13 12-21; maps - 10- Sanitized Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 I IL Photo interpretation of low lying The results are given of an aerial survey dh India, carried out in Febr-~'y 1931 ' Ltd. P. sCrieS of piiotc~aphs, alluvial forests in ~ , by the iilditul Air Surve'y' Company, d shapes n '.rhich Indian trees of different sizes, shades, ai i ~ r~?luder3 are identified, are -- Clason, M. AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHS TRY otogz'af ier i PHOTOGRAPHS 11 fT ANERICAN FOPS.-- ) Fly a tay 1953' ' G,,Indus. v. 7 ~ 5), fl,Y,Prikansk skogbruk. Norsk Skog ~.."~ #.ables. 152-161, incl. photos, map, ul,-==> TS58OO,N78 A report is given on a tour of the United States ch in was made to study the use of aerial photegr'aFhs the Cenforest rtates ns by r . Sta. research. The use of aerial p;zotogzap P States Exile fir, Sta. in Coltmbus, Ohio, ~oftstand eights, crown is described. The determination +~ereoscopic diameter and density, and stand ;ol~ thfv, s "6h of the photographs is discussed. d t y u s REPORT of 715 T PEOTOCRA-PUY 1O FORS] ~tY . [~E APPLICATION OF A}~ y TSE COs^?ffTT~ Oil FOREST POTO~e EtYK Flomy-mitten figbilden r i skog skogs- brukets tj lig ' n g fotograzinGtri. st. Be+ StockhoL de avgiv i togrammetri]~ ~?u ( Kommitte fOr skogl DA 325 1951, 1951, 196 p., incl. tables. concerning the application of aerial A review is presented and Canada, forestry in the U.S., Ge Y, photography in Finland, with a survey of current photogr.81LItfletric activity in ee of success attained in the idetreeication etrden . e The tion of crown diameter, of tree species, determ ~ of ~'~a d o ae f rial stem vol? and. cl~ ~a.,.., ctand density, and star limits are ~2 _,?-__-~ ~." VD J U J ll J l~ J l - i - O expending I. use ~o~unocu. pD l ? are expbred. pi otography Swedish fcrestry Skogs~i.gar'en, T NAPS FROM T AIn) Skogska'tor fran luften. 3 ( V. 25 (8), Aug. 199: 156-158, incl. photo, map. for forestry p~'poses in The use of aerial photography Canada, New Ze reviewed. Details alard and Sweden is briefly , are discussed. revealed by the use of a stereoscope T SERVICE. Photogremm? 31+7 -A , R. D. TIO11 BY TSE FORES AERIAL pg~IO-Ilyi'EEtPRETA 117-120. TA593 ?~5 fig . ,v. 19, Merch 1973 . ' -lob zati+:a. 4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 in forestry 318 3'Y9 The use of aerial pheth"' ~ and maps and the application ~graP -l is interpretation to some of the activities of of pjlu~ograph the Forest Service arc briefly discussed. Giersig, W? EST ;,'R'~'E`l~ Ttbilder OM TgE AUSTRIAN FOF 0T0(~~ FR tDIAL 1~i Wal.dstandsaufnahme. Internat. holzm _~g?81In$2 der iSsterreichischen DA No. 5; Mar. 13, 1927-28, incl. map. The rue thods and procedures employed in the Austrian !a- ti Forest Survey are described. Problems edc ? scuased. PnRurvey, including weather and terrain, are r R F(1RFST OFFICERS. Indian Forester Griffith; A. L. F0 ,., Rr O~.~CE . ~ttiA V. 72 (5), 19+6: 207-209; Plates. SD1.13 of an s nateU' attempt at air reconnaissance an4 Account ^hoto8aFhy during a fairly extensive te~resented which shy of the mar dese ~` of Sind is presented. 111ustrations ~P useful to a forester, that can be obtained from the detail, oblique photographY? (Forestry Abstr. in part) S ON AIIAL RECOp~;AISSANCE FOR FOREST OFFICERS. Griffith, A. L"'F FURTER j101 Indian r ore ster, v. 73 (6), 19#7: 237-24; plates. SD1.13 An aerial Photographic reconnaissance over the Ama Chllas- Gilgit Catchment area of the L?dueaS1isrbrieflyCdescribed, ground inspection of the above photographs taken d~'~S the Notes are given concerning night. Y1 351 Guislain, A. [AERIAL PHOTO AIVD pTION IN TEE SERVICES OF F~ ~~ La photographie aerienne et 1`aviation au service des rorestiers. Rev. E='~ Forets, v? 6 (6), June 1938: X8-92 54SD1,R4 ] ~ plates, 2 maps. s made by aerial The merits and limitations oafsc idered most useful in photography are discussed ; they re noun h^us coiimtry. Cooperation between forest and ther services s concerned with aerial photograPhY is suggeSt and aviation in insect and fire control are indicated. the uses of hs and 2 maps are appended. (F ~ ores Four aerial photograp Abstr. in part) - 107 - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Photo interpretation 352 Hansen, V. H. [THE APPLICATION OF PHOTOGRAM tE'TRY Tfl FORESTRY) FotogrFJmr trien i Skovbrugets tjeneste. Dansk Skovfor. Tidsskr., v. 20 (4), Apr. 1935: 210-228, incl. photos, map. DA-99.8~3 The uses and techniques of aerial photography in forest i.anagemeu L fti' ui lc i iy i e r je kC i. iiic of e s try uses di scuts beI include the determination of forested areas, tree counts, tree heights, crown diameters, canopy height, and of vegetation profiles. [9 refs.] 353 Howlett, L. E., and P. D. Carman. PHOTOGRAPHY FOR FORESTRY PURPOSES. Nat. Res. Council Canad., Phys. Div. (Ottawa), Mar. 1949, 5 p? (N.R.C. No. 1907) TR81o.K67 Information considered as being not readily available in ordinary photographic texts is sturinarized. Data are presented on resolution, shutters, scale, filters, haze, stray light, mounting, winter photography, negative processing, and prints. 3514 Johansson, F. [ m; TECHNIQUE OF AERIAL PHOTOc APHY IN FORESTRY; Fl ygb ildsteknik i skogsbruket. Skogs~garen, r. 28 (3), 14ar. 1952: 60-62, incl. photo. DA-99.8Sk55 The formation of a "Committee for Forest Photogramznetry" supported by the Ind for Forest Research in Sweden is reported. The Committee is conducting a research program to obtain the best available photographs for forestry purposes. Resides instruments and other aids the following research topics are noted: identification of tree species and tree stands, ground slope, soil fertility, tree height, tree crcr n diameter, and stem volume. 355 Kehutanan, P. (AERIAL PHOTO LNTRPRETATION FOR THE EXPLOITATION OF FORESTS ON TI ISLANDS OUTSIDE JAVA) Pemakaian potret udara untuk membuka hutan didaerah Luar Djawa. [English slrTrmary] Rimba Indonesia, v, 2 (3), Mar. 1953: 87-983 plate. DA-99.8816 The photo interpretation methods and techniques employed by the Indonesian Forest Service are described. Scale, identi- fication of tree species, measurement of crown density, and cor- relation between crown diameter and the length and diameter of the trunk are discussed. -108 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 t in forestry 356 357 In Neud~r rorstliche PhotO a ?gt2'e. I ? p? 1~1-b FOREST B. [FORES PHOTOGRAM~R b S Newnann, fcrstlich ^~ne o~ .ehrbuc Pu , ? h. N= hoto). r ..~ L-- N~ r SD371. inc1. pTiotCS, m p: LLiagi s.; j.ate [P c 1 a ciples . ,1 ,. discussed: gene~_..~G rv, The fallowing P ral prin to iss are Ui 1 l hoto?"a 1etry, use sof rial photogrP cal forestry and topo~aphic of P p lat ion s i al maps, constfaof s1c?h si1v icu1tural elements Ss imp ae eas , ~terhe craven diameteT, c~culation try of s b are tree height end i hotogY' olume, and the use of terrestryal P v [g refs.l ..?. ~i2a~rents BASIC FOREST MAP] Die RATg Lmdkarte . e steUt FOIE For std barer, W ? AvootJRACY OF PHOTOG METRIC [~ hatcrgre'etrisch berg genauigkeit d>rr P F7723 Forstarch V. 23 (9-10), Nov. 15, 1952: 195197. . DA-99 ., A compative study is P resenshower that seasonably ar repared from base maps for forestry cses can be P Purp area and of accurate hs. Comp'ativc measurements of terrain: were trial ph'aprman forest districts with varying distance in o~n $ ~ study. used as the basis of the stu Lee B. C. AgOD FOR FUG TYPE MAPPING ? Jour ? 358 _ , vOC~ June 19+1: 531-533 mci. ~' 663 Fore es stryy, v ? 39 and Aerial photclassi- +oaP used as a basis for locay which are " suppc_emented by field factors affecting the develCOnd fuel ~y- ps , are na and acted to dctermiIlc ; u21"tj'~ial.thSsr facdous conditions, coed s p went of crown fires, spe. Ste ~tabe.ed to gain a first"hand e h~ e of of surve the y to countryobtain more pe taKen to ?xt_nd t1is i information are noted. e sbru'~et ? [Ge S;R1 Fotoksrtor for soagsb et 193 359 Lindeberg, E. [PgOTO MAPS FOR FOREog svardsfbr. Tidskr., v. D36 (1), ' -99 . summarY~ Svens~ rman 29-52, incl. photos. . 109 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107/07: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 i Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Photo interpretation The use of serial photographs for forestry purposes and in of Sweden are discussed. the rrc,duction of an ^eC0r2?rnic map show differences between coniferous ands' a dinwood photographs tree stands as well as other details which can be studyit1g forest re sources . 360 TDfstr~n, K. G. &s IN FI.I~IvISH FOF,FSTRY USE OF '(R P;i0T0 C [English sY~ .. proc. World I .. , ~l.., ~i..,t. ~ 199); ~ r 1950? id forestry Congr., ~d, `nC,...~, . 9 3v 1A 17-152, incl. photos, disgrs., tables. rial photo graphs for forestry p poses is The use ,, of a.e brieflY ,-eviewed. Special methods of horizond ontroa,osc p been measure ent Practically without use of gr'o have ce 128 . The main species of trees in Finland, pine, used sin 9 spruce , and birch, can be distir~uis...... and the ueightB of elY individual trees can be measured to an c Alsoy of the n app~ber of 1 m. on photographs gof a 1:20,000 scale. A a in re ed sanple s can be counted, the cry with 9~' tree measured, and the crows density of stands~eatima d. withaph8 reasonable accuracy. Voles' estimni F~3;ai~,es p~- is still in an experimental stage of air ~. z inve stigation to deterffiine the accuracy Seated from ,~ r.. r .. estimation are not re garde d. as conclusive. 361 Marcelo, H. B. 5, ~ ~ By, Fore stn ' Leave s, v ? OTES ON AERIAL Nl Sept . 1951 . ~ DA-99 . 532 hotog?aphy in forest inventory The application of aerial p ineb is discussed. The end land-use survey in the Philipp problem of identification of species in a rain forest is briefly noted.. [3 refs.) 362 Meyer, J. FORESTS OF (P [ TE FIRST FORESTRY STUDY-FLIGHT OVER THE fiber die Wilder G,CoF~`~`J~deu,~t ,,i] Der erste forstliche studienflug ~ A . 1 1939 sc~..lands. Forstarch., v. 15 (15-16) u8 J DA_99.8F7723 315-319? 3n,rflight over the forests of Greater eII Yteristic A st 14.0 ~~ professional foresters isvic~.especies are features of forest stands and of in discussed. -110- Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107/07: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 363 Mlguet, J. 4. v AT REUNION] (APPLICATIOS OF AERIAL PHOTOGRAFEY TO FORESTRY Applications forestieres des photographies aeriennes R la Reunion. Rev. Forestiere Frans., v. 5 (11), Nov. 1953: DA-99.88329 764-766; plate. of Reuiaion Island in 1949 and 1950 is An aerial survey described. Tropical forests of Tarnarindu and Acacia were dictinguished. An aerial photograph considered representative of a part of the area is inciui d. 36;+ Moe ssner, K. E. PRINCIPAL USES OF AIR PHOTOS BY TE FONT SERVICE 2Py togramm. V. 16, June 1950: 301-304. 59 .A Air photographs are used- for the red in photo interpre- tation substitutes in the field and. office, retry. Black and often supplemented by stereo-r.-c - ~' white photographs taken with a vertical camera oonnppa c1 omfattiic oi]..m are used. in general evaluation. Nodifie ? is occasionallY use l for t1 r + surveys becauEe ~i its greater Various wchniques of photo tone ra ,ge in coniferous stands. interpretation and. stereo examination that asSiisd. forest fire prevention and better fire control are discuus The tatse of o stereo pat s hermits a compar-son of topography, ve~ soil, site, and- enables the selection and classificatioatof samples by their photo characteristics. berb~h ae~~lished of tiirber stands into volume classes by three simple photo measurements. 365 Olenius, L. lmskuvat (AERIAL FHOTOGR~S IN THE FORESTRY OF NORTh r Iir fish summaz'YI N[~tgat,3.lC'1- Pohjois-Suo n wets.taloudessa. (Eta!3 map, tabl?. dellinen aikakauslehti, 1951 (l)' 25-26, incl. -99.9F#9 The use of aerial photographs for forestry purposes in North Finland is reviewed and the possible applications for vo1ui estimation, for forest inventories, and for forest adi nistration are discussed. 366 Pikalkin, V. M. [Th:E USE OF A DIRIGIBLE IN FOREST INDUSTRY] yeheniev. 5, dirizuablia v les;no~ promysh1ennosti. Oct.-Dec. 1945: 5-8, incl. illus., tables. SD1.L387 es of use or a dirigible over an airplane for The advantag taxonomic work are reviewed. -111- Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Photo interpretation 367 Reid, E. H., and G. D. Pickford. AN APPRAISAL OF RANGE SURVEY ?? MODS. Jour. Forestry, v. 42, July 1944; 471-479; il~cl. illus., maps, table. SD1. 663 Results of 20 separate surveys of a range area in eastern Oregon, during which the square-foot-dens >ry and recotiuiaiSSanC~ methods were used, are reviewed. Comparisons of dependability of forage estimates and of relative costs, as well as a dis- cussion of grid and aerial photograph mapping procedures, are presented. 368 Rey, P. [AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY AND FOREST PROBLEMS] Photographie a&ienne et probleme s forestiers. Rev. Forestiere Frans., v. 5 (n), Nov. 1953: 735-7453 plates. DA-99.88329 The organized mapping of vegetation, including photo interpretation, in France is discussed. The system of photo interpretation employed is described under the following topics: principles of eleiicntary identification, elementary identifi- cation classes, and complex identification. The potentialities and limitations of forest photo interpretation are stated. 369 Rogers, E. J. Ar IAL PHOTOGRADKKS IN TIMBER ESTIMATITG. Jour . Fore stry, v. 40, Nay 1942: 430-432. SD1.S63 A proposal to establish in the United States a central clearing office for all information pertaining to the use of aerial photographs in forestry enterprises is discussed. 370 Salverda, Z. [ EXPLORATION FROM Th AIR . (i iPoRT BASED ON PRACTICAL PIECE IN NEW GUINEA)] Exploratie van uit de lucht. (Rapport naar aanleiding van practijkervaringen op Nieuw-Guinea). Tectona (Bogor), v. 32, 1939: 772-786? DA-99.8B65 A general review of the usefulness and limitations of aerial reconnaissance and photographic surveys for forestry purposes in the tropics is presented. Simple reconnaissance, especially if supplemented by photographs taken with an ordinary hand camera, can be extremely useful in simplifying and speeding up the exploration of unknown territory. While systematic mapping by aerial photography is too costly and technical a procedure for ordinary purposes, such photography Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 In forestry can be used to advantage if available. Aerial reconnaissance greatly reduces the amount of work necessary by facilitating, although not entirely replacing ground surveys. An annotated series of aerial photographs taken with an ordinary camera is included. (Forestry Abstr. in part) 371 Seely; H. E. [SYP~OLS FOR DESCRIPTION OF Q~OWING STOCK ON MAPS OR AIR PHOTOS]. Forestry Chronicle, v. 25 (1), 191+9: 62-65. DA-99.8F7623 The Committee of Surveys Research of the Canadian Society of Forest Engineers, has recommended the use of the following symbols. Type to be represented by the letters H for hardwood, S for softwood, and M for nixed. f~rabic numerals for height classes, starting with 1 for 0.5 ft., 2 for 6-15 ft. and. then by 10-ft. intervals. If 5-ft. classes are required, the use of subscripts is advocated. Density to be shown by capital letters, A ^ 6-l5, B - 16-25%, and so on to J = 86-100,; age classes by ro.n n n T~era1s I = 0-15 yrs., II 16-25 yrs., etc. For site, symbols as follows: U = ridge top, V * upper slope, W = lower slope, X - moist flat, Y ^ dry flat, and Z = wet flat. (Forestry Abstr.) 372 Seely, H. E. TECHNICAL DEVLOPMENTS II1 AIR SURVEYS AND INTERPRETATION OF FORESTRY DATA. Brit. Columbia Lumberman, v. 33 (II), Nov. 1949: 59-60, 108-111. HD4764.C+B74 The application of aerial photography to forestry is discussed. Special forest air photography methods are de- scribed. The accuracy and cost of air photograph and of ground estimates of timber quantities are c oared. Special problems discussed include species identification, site classification, height in relation to age, composition of the tree stand, de- fects, and related conditions. [6 refs.] 373 Seely, H. E. AIR PHOTOGRAPHY AND ITS APPLICATION TO FORS IY. Photogr'i. Erig., v. 15, Dec. 1949: 5148-5514. TA593.A2P5 The application of aerial photography to forestry is dis- cussed in relation to types of air photography, mapping methods, photographic detail, seasonal conditions; &J d photographic opera- tions. The construction of a base map from the air photographs is briefly reviewed. Sor.,e aspects of tri-camera use in forest -113- Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Photo interpretation photography is described. Quantitative estimates of timber stands together with the qualitative information regarding the species, site, height in relation to age, compcsition ? the st.Euad, and defects are discussed. 1 371+ Skappel, V. (THE USE OF AERIAL MAPPING IN FORESTRY] Luftkartleg}ingen i skogsbrukets tjeneste. Tld3skr. Skogbruk, v. 5 , Sept. 196: 277-293, incl. photos. DA-99.8T432 The uses and techniques of aerial photography for forestry purposes in Denmark are briefly reviewed. The use of the 1-r~oscopc it brIngng cut details of special interest to strC cowy~. .?..+ ... ru forestry is discussed. These details include identification of tree species, distribution of species in mixed stands, determination of tree.heights, and identification of new tree growth. 375 Spurr, S. H. DEVELOPS TS IN AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY AS RELAX TO FORESTRY EDUCATION. Proc. Soc. Amer. Foresters, v. 191+7: 38-12. SD1. 612 The position and subject content of aerial photography in the forestry curriculum is discussed. 376 USES OF ANAL PHOTOGRAPIii1N FOREST PROTECTIOit . ~Jo Jour . Fore stry, v. 1+9, Sept. 1951: 630-633. A list of abstracts of papers delivered during the panel discussion of the American Society of Photogrammetry meeting hetd in San Francisco on Dec. 5, 1950 includes: Uses of err Photographs in Control of Forest Diseases, by T. H. nc.~ ai Harris; Uses of Aerial Photographs in Control of Forest Fires, by K. Arnold; Uses of Aerial Photographs in Control of Forest Insects, by J. F. Wear and J. W. Bongberg. 377 Waldo, C. E. APrLICATION OF COLOR PHOTOGRAPHY. Photogranrm. Eng., Y. 16, June 1950: 327-328. TA553?A2P5 The use of vertical, as well as low and high angle oblique color photography by the Forest Service for the location of timber damaged by the tussock moth is evaluated. Practically every damaged tree could be detected in the vertical photos; the oblique photos clearly showed the Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 13 In forestry widespread areas affected. A continuation of the experiments using color photography is recommended. 378 Wan, Ran Lioe, and K. Paijmaxs, [ T , AEa: LAL PHHcY[oGItAP;iY SECTION OF TSE INDONESSTAN FOREST SER,ZOF] De afdeling "Luchtfotobewerking" van d,e Dienst van het Boswezen. [English sununaryj Tectona (Bogor), v. 59 (3), 1949: 237-251. ]1&-99.865 Methods, instruments, personnel trA ni ` for aerial photo interpretation by the Indonesian Forest Service are described, One of the principal functions of the Section is the interpre- tation of photographs of the forests of Borneo. Vertical photography is used in the operations; oblique photographs present too many difficulties in mapping and interpretation. [10 refs.] 379 Welander, E. [JLE USE OF PuOTOGRA1" EY IN FORESTRY] Fotogr=iiumetriens anvgndning i skogsbruket. Svenska Skogsvardsfsr. Tidskr. V. 14.5 (3), 191+7= 155-178, incl. photos. DA-99.8Sk5 ' The methods and. techniques of aerial photography developed in conjunction with the mapping of Sweden are reviewed. Photo interpretation and the differentiation of tree species are discussed. F`ffects of shadow, seasonal variations, and the photographic scale are analyzed. See also 323, items 2, 5, 38, 1+0, 43, 1+5, 1+6, 62, 67, 180, 197, 291, 329? 8a . Fore st surveys 380 AERIAL SURVEY. Empire Forestry Rev., v. 28 (3), 191+9: 212-214. SD1.E573 A progress report on aerial surveys carried out in the British Inpire is given. The report was issued at a meeting of the Technical Committee on Aerial Survey of Forests, set up on the recommendation of the Empire Forestry Conference cf 191+7. (Forestry Abstr. ) -115- Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Photo interpretation 381 tAy O~aiAISSPNrF OF COLONT~ FoBESTJ' ~,TION IIdpLGYF~D IN T'n ~ . Rev. internat. produits coloniaux (Paris), v. 13, 193$ Sp1.F66 224^2L6. ench Equator- Aerial French re `west connaissance oP~fo~e~tBainp has proved useful, w~s~ .. ?, a ah_ especially for prelimincrY su*VeyS. In French Africa, a ?ad + ~!9 ica; mi.l-nary air e a ~Q~-~~ ~.. where eurveys were carried out by the hour. (Forestry went the cost was only 250 ft . per fly Abstr.) [ G OF FvRE?s J ytf?t"AQPring av sko8. 382 Bakken, A. ~I~1L pgpTp~? ? ~.agr. ogbrukereIl, v. 26 (3), Feb. 1, 1951? l7r20DA-99. incl. Bsk 4 ~ The use of aerial hotoraPhY in a si V Y of forests in d. i ails in aerial P i parish in Norway is describe n+ iar with f the lrysi_. o The use of per s sonuel the anvil it1iar eta- photo~apha are discussed. terrain is recomm?nded for best result the tion of photog'aPha. Bott flbvra ul y Con& , 3 , and 1z. van , d Fore s 363 Boon , D. A., , IIESIA. Proc. Wore c769 FOREST Stkt,EY ~Il~ I1vD02 1950: 173-175? ~-~ 9 (gelsinki, 1949), ' DiviSsion in the d by the For. e st 'Ve Y Di survey l2A The methods employe hotographs and in p ~tergretation of aerial p maps are described. ~ Sept. FORES IN CA:~A ? Forestry Chronicle, rvv9. 181 7(3 (31) 384 Craig, S ?T D. '~tVEYB 1935: 26-32. yei-tical, Canacii~ use of aerial forest surveys is reviewed? The factors of and winter pilotograPhY are discussed. oblique, Ze are &tscusszd in relation to stand hci,ht and crown si e stimste s ? ~?~ A. B. A SHOD OF DETFRMT T ~' FROM ~~' ~~R _ 385 ' mi,IPtG FORE` Nov. 19 812-813. ' . 5' Jour. Forestry, v ]+3, 51)1.563 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107/07: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 In forest surveys 11 A short-cut method of using aerial Photographs to determine forest areas is described. The percent of area covered by tree ci i3 timated by observing the proportion of mechanically- spaced points which fall within forested areas on aerial 2hotO- graphs. 386 Fairbairn, W. A. 45: SOME NOTES ON AERIAL SURVEY. Farm and. Forest, r. ~6 (3), 194-5: 158-1:)9. ? SD1.F Conditions for aerial photo a hy in West Africa are con- ~~'fpP sidered to be pcr fcct before and a_ e rains. The periods of roor vi5ibiiit;~ during the Harmattaf in the forth, and. clouded r conditicnc ii the south, should be avoided. Pho ~,tM? P) h to tn ~ 8--10 A? flights should be made in~the early nr~o-n-n (8 based obtain satisfactory relief. A list of practIcal points s is presented. on the experience gained in recent aerial surrey (Forestry Abstr.) Mattison and S. Ruii~#sev. 387 Grigor'ev, K?, L. '~, Samolet v lesnom khoziaistve. Les Khoz. i I,eso~ksploat., Apr. 1937: 10-15, incl. tables. (AL3PLANE IN FOR.STfRY) SD1.L4 SunTnarY data on the 1931- achievements in photographing and mapping of forests in the USSR are present of Visu 22.5 over an survey was conducted from hhet~res of selected forest areas million hectares; 727,0 were photo-nipped, and. 4.14 niUion hectares of river beds were photographed. Ground survey covered an area of 608,000 hectares. 38 389 H baer N. AERIAL FFOTOGRAPH AS A FOREST MAP/ Flygbilden som ~, .~iar. 1-15, 1952 70-72, inc. skogskarta. ?~osen, v. 39 (3), ~_99.SSk51 photos, map. The use of aerial photo aPhY in forestry is discussed as ~' ed indoors or in a basis and framework for forest maps prepay the field, and as a forest map follo-vTing minor revision. Heske, F. IDEAS AND PROPOSALS FOR TEE UTILIZATION OF i I PHGE AREAS AS AN AID TO THE PLANNING AND STUDY OF FOIESTS OVER danken and Vorschl e zum Efnsatz des Luftbildes alts Hacks. mittel rorstiic'r~er Grossrau 0r5c and Planung mf__ 1943: 35137I# 3 Gesell. r3kunde (Berlin), v. l93 (7-10)' 913: plates -117- Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Photo interpretation The value of aerial photography to forest surveys and classification is discussed. An aeria1 survey alone is con- sidered i ns;'ficient to provide adequate information regarding the ground conditions. The aerial photographic survey, when supplemented by ground control, aprears to be the Host rapid and most economic method of stocktaking and evaluation of forest resources. Five aerial photographs of German forest areas are included in the text. [65 refs.] 390 Kondrat'ev, A. I. [JOINT UTILIZATION OF THE AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHIC SURVEY AND r-FFTIv:E-EN1F,ERATIVE EVALUATION L JRIhG INVEN'IORLES OF FOREST RESOURCES I Sovnicstnoe Ispoi' zovanie ae rofotos"emki i ,~ vyborochno-perechislitel'no taksat'sii pri inventarizatsii le snogo i le sose cbnogo f onda . Lea. Indus., Nov. 1935: ]+0-I.6, incl. tables. H119765.R88L'+ Experimental studies conducted in the vicinity of Petrozavodsk showed that an aerial photographic survey, which used a Zeiss 2 x I4v(C/I camera, was sufficiently adequate to evaluate the vegetation. The average error, as ascertained by a subsequent ground survey, was less than 10%. 391 Loomis, R. D. FOREST STRVE DG AND WORKING PLANS. Forestry Chronicle, v. 25 (3), 1949: 130-135. DA-99.8F7623 The relative roles and integration of photographic and ground. survey methods in the preparation of working plans are discussed. (Forestry Abstr. ) 392 Losee, S. T. B. AIR PHOTGGRAPES AND FOREST SI'1 E . I. MAPPING 4JmODS ILLUS- TRATED ON AN AREA OF THE PETAWAWA FOREST IXPERflE iT STATION. II4 APPLICATION OF AERIAL S1'E MAPPfIG MODS Td AREAS IN SATCUEFIAN AND QUEBEC. Forestry Chronicle, v. 18 (2), 1942: 129-1141+, 169-181. DA 99.8623 Aerial photographs can be used to study topography and vegetation after the topographic and vegetational charac- teristics noted in aerial photography are correlated with ground conditions determined by a survey of test sites. This method which permits classification and mapping of extencive forest areas by absolute site qualities can also be used in areas containing agricultural sites. Napping accuracy is - 118 - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 In forest surveys dependent on ecological conditions, type of photography, amount of field work possible, and degree of site classification desired. The greater the complexity of ecological factors and the higher the degree of classification, the more detailed must be the field and photographic information. (Forestry Abstr.) XOZ Tnene C m p ~,..~..-, :_: Sir. :r.p~ A!.N 5UrxE OF FOR))1~; LAr D. a' .p acaper z g. lraI12SC1., v. 't9 `6), nay 19!48: 98-100. T81080.P85 The required quality of photography, scale of maps, inter- pretation of photographs, and subsequent field work employed in forest surveys are discussed. (Forestry Abstre) 394 Fuson, B., Jr.,and K. B. Wood. A FORT SURVEY IN GUA E-"' . Pho tog a rnrii. Fag. , v. 18, March 1952: 140-143. TA593Pi2P5 Aerial photographic studies of Guatemala forests are briefly described. 395 Mottishaw, J. S. AERIAL FORT SURVEYS IN BRITISH COLUMBIA. Washington Univ. Forest Club Qt;art., v. 15 (3), Spring 191.1-1942: 18-21. ]1k-99.9W275Q The use of aerial photography by the British Columbia Fore st Service is discussed. The methods and techniques employed in the preparation of a forest type map are described. 396 Paijmans, K. ( INTERPRETATION OF AERIAL PHOTOGRAPUS IN A VIRGIN FOREST COMPL~C: MALILI, CII:EBES) Een voorbeeld van interpretatie van lucht- foto's van oervoud: het ldalili-complex op Celebes. [English surrimary] Tectona (Bogor), v. 41 (2), Oct. 1951: 111-136, incl. f diagr., tables. DA-99.8B6 A comparative study of aerial photographs of 5 sample virgin forest areas in Borneo is presented. The sample areas included upland forests of good and of poor quality, a low- land forest, and a transition area between hills and lowland. Anthocephal us macrophyllus in the lowlands and Carzpnospenna in the hills were the only tree species considered to be easily identifiable. Quality classes were roughly differentiated on the basis of crown density. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Photo ?ntArpretation 397 Parsons, H. H. NAPPTG AD TDEI1 IFY1NG TIMBER STANDS BYAE AL OB ERRVATIO, . Cansd. L,,nnbez?nan, v. 65 (12), June 15, 19115: r , , c DA-99 .SC~6 398 399 photos. The determination of age class of pulpwood stands in eastern Canada aid species identification are discussed. Eeight and crown shape are the principa.i jas~. :.. ffer ." or immature types. Species tiating mature, second growth, identification is based mainly upon different intensities or shadings of foliage, and upon crown shapes. Sarni ilovich, G. G. C SURVEY II3 TSE FOREST~?Y OF THE KUZtg ~A.ERTAL pHGTOGRAI'~ BASIN COAL DISTRICT) Aerofotos"e" v lesnom oz1ai6tve Huuua s ala . m Trudy Leeotekh. Akad. (Leningrad), 3, 193 li5 ~ ~~d,f ...- 263-300, incl. photos, maps, tables. SD1.L35 An aerial photographic survey was conducted in GornaYa Shoriya area between 52 ?3O' and 13 ?115 N. -at,ad between 87?OO' and 8900' E. Long., covering an area of 1,212,276 - 87 00 hectares. Results of the sur.'ey show that fir stands pre L ~a~ or mixed with spruce and- dominate, either as pure said.. juniper . Pine stands were noted along rocky banks of rivers and streams. One ground and 12 serial photographs of forest formations are included.. Semollovich, C=. G. INS OF MIDDLE [AERIAL l,-TIG!1`PIOi1 OF FORESTS ~~R~~y~ushnoe obsledo- APiD UPPER ~~~ OF THE TVdIS vanie lesov basseinov sr-ednikh i nizhnikh pritokov reki iseia. Izvest. Geogr, obshch. SSSR. (Moscow-Leningrad), V. T-1 (5), 1939: 730-739? G23.P6 A report is made of flights over the tributariessdoatthe Yenisei River, conducted at heights of 200-800 m., speeds of 120-190 km/hr, to determine the extent of forest cover as well as the percentage of cover of each species. In the Flogui basin 682, 720 he ctare s were suave re d, of which 73.5 were forests, 26.5* swamps and alluvial deposits. The spruce forests were ccmPosed of pine (311?9%), ) ' and and mixed fir fore (3(32.8*), birch (16.1,), junipe la 55~ rch of ). the I) 1,,348,0 i 5 r Taz basin and the Taz-Elogui watershed 5 10.3) ? In the uppehe ctare s surveyed were forests, ]5/ swamps. `~} ~ The fcreStS were composed of pine (50.1$), juniper (an1d~.f14~+*), sin larch spruce and rir (7%), birch (18 .2%) , larch h (8. -12O- Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 In fore st surveys forests (1.6%). Swamps occupied 6.3% of the 396,003 hectares surveyed in the lower reaches of the Nizhnaia T->argus'ka, Nizhnaia Letnaia, and Severnaia Rivers; inundated areas and forests 89.1+96. These were eomm-sed of 1Ar,ch (292), fir (19.70, and birch (21.8%). The survey of the Turukhan basin covered 398,880 hectares, of which swamps and inundated areas occupied 35.6%, the forests 6J#.1I%. Here the forest composi- tion was larch (15.8%), spruce and fir (10.2%), birch (36.2%) and flood lain forests 2 . In the Kureikaa basin 0~+0 hectares were surveyed, of which 53.1% were forests, 33.1% s1J nps, and 13.8 , inundated areas. The crests rcrc compc2 of larch (36.7%), juniper (21.80, spruce and fir (11.6%), birch (9.2%), and floodplain forests (20.7%). About 135 million hectares of the iser basin from the mouth of the Podkamennaia Tun,-uska to the mouth of the Kurefka were sur- veyed. Forests occupied 80%, swamps about 1$, inundated areas about 8%. The forest was composed of larch (25%), juniper (15%), spruce and fir (12%), and birch (1+8%) . i-00 Seely, H. E. DIFFERENT SURVEY MEIIODS OF LARGE AREAS: AERIAL FUOTOGRAPHY. [French suii ary] Proc. World rorebLry Congr., 3d, (Helsinki, 19!i9), v. 1, 1950: 53-60. DA-99.9C76912A A general discussion of the use of aerial photographs for forest survey purposes is presented. Forest maps and special forest photographic mapping methods are described. Sections are devoted to photographic detail, seasonal conditions, and the qualitative information which the air photograph shows in regard to species, site, height in relation to age, com- position of the stand, and related conditions. 1+0J. Shillinglow, A. W. THE MILITARY SURVEY OF THE FOREST RESOURCES OF THE COMMON- EALTH TERRr1'OFt Austral . Timber Jour ., v. 11 (12 ), 196: 613-619 t .SD'r30.A8 An account of the forest survey conducted by the army in New Guinea is presented. From a study of aerial photographs, areas are classified into distinct vegetation types and the boundaries of each type transferred to a 1-in. map. Aerial photographs were u,wd in tropical areas principally for rapid elimination of those areas which are unimportant for timber. (Forestry Abstr. in part) -121 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 iT Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Photo interpretation 402 Shul'ts, V. E. [~2cPERTtTTAL CALCULATION OF FORT RESOURCES USL G A COIiBINA- TION OF METODS] Opyt ucheta lesnogo Fonda konbinirovannym metodorn . Les. Indus., July 1937: %2-59, incl. tables. ED9765.R881ii Ground taxonomic survey combined with an aerial photographic survey of the White & a-Rultic Cana' (Belomorsko-Baltiyskiy Kanal) area of 386,000 hectares shoved: pine forests to occupy 161,500 hectares; spruce, 49,700 hectares; birch, 1300 hectares; a?ricu1t' a1 arec.,1000 hectares; water bodies 14 600 hectares; mar she s, i4, 600 he c tare s; and other s, 3300 he ctare a. 4c3 Spurr, S. AERIAL PEOT4GRA.PHY. Unasylva, v. 2, July-Aug. 19148: 183-1914., inc]. photos. SD1.U5 The use of aerial photography in the field of forestry, particularly in making vegetation and land-use surveys and forest invertoriec, is described and evaluated. The s1gn1l?i. canoe of such factors as date or season, tim` of day, focal length of cai.?ra, file and filter combination used, and scale are discussed. Vertical photographs of recent date, taken during the reriod of normal coloration of the foliage by the rodifled infrared technim , are re commended. A scale of 1:12,000 and 1:18,000 is judged desirable. Repre senta- tive area photographs from the E.prvard Forest are included.. 404 est-Nielsen, G. [I PPTG FRO.f 'jj4 :fit] Kort1 egning fra luften. Dansk Skovfor. ds,~kr ., v. 35 (5), 1 ay 1950: 271-280, incl. photos, tables. Al ,o in Redeselskabets Tidsskr., v. 71, 1950: 16-23. DA-99.8i3 Details are given on the photographic survey of 3 Danish plantation areas with ;,-crying terrain and forest coverage. Survey accuracy vas found to decrease in accordance with the ru& dness of the terrain. Three photographs show stands of Sitka spruce, Austrian fir, Scotch pine, and white pine. 405 Wilson, R. C. FRELn Ir ARY Ilr STUCTIONS FOR VEGLATION TYPE MhP AND CULTIyATF n LAirD CLASSIFICATION fI CALIFORNIA FOREST SURVEY. In Proc. of Se: iinar of Aerial Photography :r. you,. Control Survey, Deer 6-8, 1939. Washington, U. S. Dept. of Agric., Flood Control Ath sory Comm. [1939], Appendix B (6 p.) DA-1.915F2p91i 122 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 I I j I _J In forest surreys Office and f field .. for the P- ocedures Aid forest ts ed nee , o f tierso el FErt tec~iq, s are ation of cor.Th instructions eiappli the Calif ter_ scale, The mac t t print eeri , applicable to Lrnia ty~ rote it1 uc ~lcr? .. ~ PhU okra the inter_ over h on ~ y, ste rPretA?ion ~ pre :2O,000 e the maP of interrretatio tj0 Proce Prior to the See from photo P ; u sue 150. 1 56, 157, 175, 201, 202 71, 72' 96. 122, 12 ,329. 7, 14, l~, L)o, Forest inventor-y- 406 Clason, ?.f? ~cT0 skc$bPfiS ~1 CAI',ADI,~M FOPS 7 (9)Sept. 1953 2~ish ~v]2Ry~ rlyloto6z'af1 er i 95-301, incl. Phot^yorsk OSindus vo, Y, 4, ~s?, table, Th The aerial 5800.178 measure,nt me Photo { "rFre to t ,ion Re d?' and of the ~ r of the Abitibi p~ d field invent? and of s over s' Forestry ~S~ uY Sreticu, ~ P.tmen Pap Oozy, classes types' of d,ensit ' a'~ described, t of Mines and condi ~,.is discussed, Y classes The identification tyJns The effe an of tree hei ~~ s~abilitY and cts of fi ~t duction ..speed qualit . [17 refs.) "`-1 goes of the Y, 1_3ht laue on the u.?ity of the phhoto 'and rePro- ~7 Crom~r, D. A. N, aph are ~~? 'and d? OF N0R0 D. Aitken. . 82-87,4ND PINE. Austr ? al Fo restr die re source s ~. T ~-99.8Au7t~ y' eye hated from air o1 Norfolk Island e With v 8,25-x? lePsotoaphs taken at excelsa were in 9Oo cry. Since the o givi~ aPPrexiWp titude of 0 ft. n- ?xn-diameter'o>aa, isolated Photo scale of measureme ratio,, a ,, s nt of cro . graph >as c "5ttuee were inconstant m as e+.ed vi t widths and stem ?--~ ~rc': - -h photo es of ed Resm 8r??und tern, ~?~ trees, alts [4 refs,1 - 123 11 11 11 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 I 1 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 - In forest surveys steps in the mapp3J of ~r " See al so items 17, 514, 59, 66, 71, 72, 96, 122, 127, 145, .mac , -~ 1T5. 201, 202, 329? 1'7V : 1 f?V! -'-dip ocedures end techniq'1s are presented Office and f rsonnel participatirl~ in the California for the guidance ~o ~1d ?- ~ ,,,.b inter- on to a the e inter- forest survey. The instructions are applicable pretation of contact print photoaP pretation e.erial scale. The prior to the p i.. ns t =.,t~ -LLCti0 cover the preparation p ~. ~ rocedures, and the type interpretation, type interp etatlon p a h ~- c=d types from photogr P " 8b. Forest inventory t ,~ FOP.ESTRY ] F lyi otograf ier i 4O6 Clason, M. S f1 CAtIADS [AERIAL P C,yI'0APg , v] Norsk Skagtndus., v. *~pdisk sk.ogbruk. [English s,cmar,, table. 7 (9), Sept. 1953: 295-301, incl. photos, dia&s5,. l The aerial photo intei`pretatlon and field tnveCtmpanY, arid ~An of Mines and measurement methods of the Abitibi power Ltd.., and of the Air Survey c ton, Depar"orestry Rr~cb, are dcribed. The identification Resources, r classes, and of tree height of cover types, of density quality, light classes is discussed. The effects of film lane and repro- ? j , ~ stability and speed of the airp , h are shown. ,,ctns, r ity of the photogap duct_ion ~ch^iqueS on the q~l - te j i7 refs. 1 N, and J. D. Aitken. 1}p7 Cramer, D. A ? , " F oI,K ISLAI~ID PINE. Austral. o stry, AN A zAt, u~EroRY or AN OF 1r0:~.. DA 99 v. 12 (2), 19: $2-87. The resources of l,o,folk Island in Arau~~ t dex0f190 per an e1 ~._ p O0 ft. evaluated from air photographs taken at ~a photo scale of lens, giving an approxite with an 8.25-in. n- orn, isolated trees were inc~~nstant 1:13,OOp? Since the ope ~' in ~ _.?..~? construct ,ed from ground meascruroxne-diameter ratio, a graph " t of crOvf idths and stem diameter5?4 refs esu1tS were g correlated with photo imaes of knoti+n tees. t -123- . t t c E } L k t Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Photo interpretation b08 Cromer, D. A. N. AERikL a TION fl~ AUSTF~AI,I~st FORESTRY. SURVEY A1~D PHOTO Lt, A xd (gelsi.rki, [ nglish surnnaryj Prot. World Forestry Congr~-99'9C6str 19~9), v. 3, 1950: 1~3-1~6. ~~ficulties of detaiied photo interpretation of the The ~`j hotspapps a`ilable in Australia a1:19,0- and 1:3+,0"0-scale p photo interpreter's stereo- scope for a are discusses. r .? o'; ~~"" in identiiieuvl~- v~ forest is briefly described. Problems Y roblems ~de~taken in Western e .rid species in s~~. jYforest type- ? _ l T~Jand are Australia, Tasmania, flew South w~-eS, edathermost difficult reported. The rain forest s . in Au tralia. [6 refs. j vegetative ty2e to interpret 32- O9 ,, (,' Dimbleb;~, C. r.,r?ar AIR FHOT(.xsHAYHS AD rv 1( 11. f 12) , 19+9 : 3 ~i~?~ci . Wood. ~ v -~9 ~ w855 33~+, 370-372' DA ? The articles present dat.a on mapping, mensuration, and interpretation of forests. 110 Ferguson, J. H. A. (FOREST SURVEY AERIAL pgOTOGp,AFH,S) Boschinventarisatie en 1K ' ? 37 (5-, yJune 197 : EnD 133i rY] Tectona (flogor1, v. 37 0 ,..~~~vfoto s. [ ~ nc1. table. DA-99 i' May-+-11~ i+ hotographic interpretation and The combination of aerial p is discussed. Through field work for forest invG species to aroses species group and the photo interpretation, the ass may be determined, the crown clcc~a~ai- broad site tree heights and crown d.ianeters mated, and the [7 refs.] VEY BY AIR ... pgOTOGRAPflY Acv PgiiTOGp~Y' ll A FORESTRY S'JR May 199: 33-37, chiefly photos and maps. Timber Canad., v? 9 (9)~ SD1.T57 A pictorial account of the steps involved in a typical P conducted by the P~otoa Company, gr Phic Survey hoto analysis Ltd. forest of Canada is presented. A representative p data table is included. _ . Fore stry, v ? ~ x+12 Garver, R. D. AERIAL PIiOTO~'ftAPHS fl FORT ~~rgyg . Jour 6D1.3 . l9: 1p1+-1O6. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107/07: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 In forest inventory The author discusses the status of current activities and new developments in the use of aerial photography in forestry. While aerial photographic methods have produced a great change in forest inventory techniques, ground surrey meth o3s viii not be completely eliminated. Ground surveys are expected to serve as a check and supplement to aerial photo interpretation to produce complete and accurate forest surveys. Aerial photog- t . a. _ , ~. Ca1G. 'v ,.., j..ars to be most suitable for 1C~!l11J' (.w v+ ~r.J O... ,.OO appears this work. While uanchrornatic film is most widely used, other .by...{ned . ... { . v types bILl'.h as infrared ~. ~+ cou * th a ^iinus-blue filter a. considered to have possibilities in forestry. 1+13 Grinnbine, A. A. AERIAL PHOTO TfCRUISf;G. Southern Lunberman, v. 191}6, Dec. ly, 1916: 221'-222, incl. rhot.os, maps: TS8O0.s7 An account of methods and egaiprnt is presented in general terms, illustrated by 2 sets of stereo pairs. Sketch cps and classification by forest type, form, size and density derived from Anal ysai of the photographs are given. claEsez 14114. Aennibal, L. W. AERIAL FORT PHOTO B 'tPRETATION fl INDONESIA. Rimba Indonesia, v. 2 (14), Apr. 1953: 139-163; maps, plate.. DA-99. Photo interpretation methods employed an inveennt ry of tropical mixed hardwood stands in Gele.les de scrid Identification of species in mangrove forests, marshland forests, and dryland forests is discussed. [16 refs./ 415 Heurnwings, W. D. - USE OF AFMAL PHOTOG APES IN FORESTRY IN T A ''SANIA ? Austral. Timber Jour., v. 15 (4), 1949: 256-259, 261, 263, 26. 30? The successful use of aerial photographic methods employed by the Ta=snian Fore s try Department in sizrveyyina the Ta been fliACf- forests are described. Identificate~~ rf species 12 ft. was in- cessful within limits. An average _ curred in measuring tree heights on 1:16,000-scale photographs. Density clasp: c were determined by tree counts under the - stereoscope. The methods used in preparing planimetric and topographic maps from airphotos are 3e scribed. -125- Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 0 Photo interpretation NOR iH~N KOC~ , 41.6 Hodge, W. C. S'vyEYS 2; ].i117 AIR PHOTO ~gODS FOR TIt?~v . 26 (3) , A~ ? 195 North 6t Sci., D72 ?VS. MOUNTAS? incl. table. hotog='aF"Y l~?tatious si P The possibilities and of aer.. forest surY work in the Northern Rocky Mountain region d size star - in er ion g~ n r Pre, rtat..Ofe; u : Qfor Mountain ,ocfo disc ,Seed. A photo it2 CYQ .. 1J.aJV ~~ b ul VL1r Itv+ - classes and species vJ'P~ region is presented in a table. AND AN AF~IAL PN.~~~IC A ~ROUND~~ 417 Busch, B. A C01TARISON B~ ~, Thesis, i3ew York state Coil. Foret.TEODstryOF ~'~~ StH?VE`-NJ? Abstract in Jour. Forestry, `~ ? ~ Svra~1se, N? Y. t al.S63 . , JulY 97: 91). 1 >} mot s was - , - -~ E,er ial P'' o3ap com from vertlc~i of a typical A timer sur~Y pond timber survey hic and type pf with conventional h d j ~0pO -ell thods? ,..opograP ei meanS SAdp~l arondRCk ter e sti northern hard~OOd were f 5t st A pre ty by f s of a mate aerial phet?g`'aphs 31t map and maps Were prepared ~ fron Contour-Finder, ana by radil plot, the Abramy ~co:.LL series of m~'ps the -reflecting P rojectar. the ...~..., a hic asurem r~ vas based on the photogrp ~ h;, to~ timber estir nt~o ~ eri te visible cr _. ameters of irld~-victual treesvaiiable, k relief viaihlehic coiK,..s_ ~~re pre ed usin~3 hic ibevolume tables c ?^.d topo~ a e a tical :eco~niz p of own cent the the eifP.. photo~cLbaPu AsuremenL ~s of ~~ ~- s,12 ` r- re disp ris0so nt were then ~tween the resultS of t I Compa d ns crawn ired tires for all se s of the 2 P timber hoto~aphic veys~ The Re qu,,. method of aerial pfications to increase the proved Ys re feasible. entirely accuracY are s,iggested. v. 7 (g), peril . Canal. Surveyor, 1+18 ~ e '~T-?W cTmy~ IN LAR~.ADOR TA`'1 ? C3 j A TL- T. 191+2 2_15J incl. photos, map. n of an serial forest sirminof the An accost is given underta~n to dete 1500_sq? ~, area in Ira volume of available pulp 00d' S photogra~? A Y AF,RIAi' , 1+19 J. G. Kelley, CO?OIL B incl. illus. . -Dec. 1937 : 1~-6, TA593.A2P5 v. 3 _126- 4 E i t 1 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107/07: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 In forest inventory ?oipas.. (strip) lines are run p? ral.lel at regular intervals ~,,, and s&inple plots are taken at specified points along the strip me lines. The timber volume and the species presence are asured accurately in these sample plots and factors such as drainage, condition of the soil, and presence of fungi and insects are noted. Frog, a compilation of the sample plots, en accurate picture of the area may be drawn and future prospects antici- pated. 420 Kondrat'ev, A. I. ( JO NT USE OF AERIAL PHO TOGRNPHT G AND SELECTIVE COUNT A LIMBER ESTf,ATTG 2.1ET30D IN MAKIidG IINEN.LORY OF TnE STAND AND ih??E-? FUFm.s) Sovr!estnoe ispol,zovanie aerofotos"ernki i vyborochno- peree hislitei'noi taksatsi.i pri inventarizatsii es 6oi~auch.- lesosechnogo fondov. [English sUuImary] Trudy j , Issled. Inst. Les. Khoz. Narkon-lesa SSSR, v. 1, 1936: 5-49, K~+ incl. tables. Sul . The study presents an attempt to combine aerial photo- graphic surveys with a ground tree count in order to obtain more accurate estimates of the timber resources. 1x21 Kramer, P. R., and E. E. Sturgeon. 1,nA1~S ,,,.Tfl T T AREA FROM AERIAL PROTO- r~T h~'HOD Or r~rL~:.ATI1tG FOREST ? ~u apg QDEX SII.r S . Jour . Forestry, V . I+O, Sept . 19+2: sDl. s63 the 693-696, incl. tables. A method of transecting is reported. for eindex extent of various land-use areas from aerial photograph aced sheets. Linear measurements are made along uniformly sp lr_sc,ct l ine~ superimposed on the photographs by use of a ~~ ~ ,.~_ ~ celluloid guide . The be reasurementd are then showed totalled and the converted to figures for ground area. Tes transect method is at least equal to planimetering in accu- racy and about 3.5 times as rapid. 422 j(rueger, T. ROCKY nTmr USE OF AERLaL PIJOTOS FOR TIMBER SU TEYa Di T E iOUN illus. REGION. Jour. Forestry, v. 39, Nov. 1941.922-92, mci. SD1.S63 The survey method, which incorporates use of aerial pho- tography, is considered especially adapted regions pole stands forcot type' are distinct and where mature timber, p , open parks,~etc. can be distinguished on photos by the survey- 127 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Photo interpretation crew. The mapper observes type boundaries from vantage points in the field, checking these by stereoscopic exaiination of the photos, and draws the type lines on the photos, also locating all survey corners found in the field. h?3 Loetsch. F. -1 ( 7H:E USE OF AERIAL PIIOTOG HS AS }{i BASIS O SiiD iii V - TORIES IN '11HE U.S.A. ) Die Anwendung des Luftbildes als Grundlage von Vorratsinventuren in den USA. [English surirnary] Forstarch., v. 24 (1/3), Mar. 15, 1953: 75-85, incl. diagr. D'A-99.8F7?23 A review is pre sented of he use of aerial photography in conjunction with mathematical statistical methods in the field of forest inventory, forest management, and forest aerial surveys. The stud;; includes a discussion of the statistical principles involved in saurpling, the classification of forests according to characteristic features, or indicators appearing on aerial photos, the technique of photo interpretation, as well as inventories of timber stock and increments based on photo interpretation with ground control. A bibliography of 50 items is cluded. 4214. Lowe, L. T. E. '"ASPECTS OF IPVEiTTORY SURVEYS FROM AERIAL PBDTOGRAPES. Forestry Chronicle, v. 25 (4), 1949: 250-256? DA-99 .3Y7623 A method of combining field and photographic data in use ~t Abitibi is described. The basic data for volun estimates aria: for species and diameter groups is obtained from ground work. Data from aerial photographs provide type boundaries, species composition by groups, height of stand, and density of stocking. (Forestry Abstr.) 425 Noe ssner, K. E. PHOTO li k RL TION IN FOREST flWEN1ORLES . Photogrmn n . Eng., v. 19, Jesse 1953: 496-507, incl. photos, table. TA593.A2P5 The history of the use of photo interpretation in forest inventories is briefly reviewed. Interpretation techniques used in forest inventories such as classification into rela- tively ho~~geneou$ areas, measurement of these areas, anal determination of per-acre volume are discussed. Sic aerial photographs are included in the study. [14 refs.] - 128 - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 ?1 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 In forest inventory X26 :E PLACE OF PiR SURVEY ii FORESTRY. Empire Forestry Rev., v. 26 (1), 197: 21+_29; Plates. SD1.E573 The IICe of aerial photography for forestry pu~poses by The - Hunt ing Aero surveys, Ltd. is discs se 1 ,.,..,~? The e tlundc Of survey are described; (i) combination of forest and topogz'aphical ? ~ it ~ e;.cisting maps .rum au rhot'= survey, (2) stoc..-niapp ~8 ~' u (3) sketching and by visual reconnaissance without map s. Color and granulation are discussed as aids in recog- nition of tree species. 1427 Robinson, J. M. l I -CAIwRA riB R PEOTOGRAPHY CU'S'S FONT fr'VE! TORY COSiS . 1~ Sept. 191+8: 3~65 , incl. illus. Jour. Forestry, v. SD1.S63 The econou}r in time and. cos, resulting from the use of , and the other two tilted, three eras, one mounted ds ussedi~ ~ A-dv~ta~s of winter in aerial ~,irping are oblique photographs, in which the profile outline s of the trees provides a major aid in the interpretation specie a, are outlined. 142E Rothery, J. E . Fpm;,;;' I~.APPu~G AND USE OF Vitt'' AERIAL PEOTO~~tIS 1935 ~ 587'589? DER ESTIMATING. Jour. Forestry, v. 33 June ~ Se 963 New developments in the use of vertical aeriialbphotoy graphs in forest mapping end timber estiina in$ are outlined. 1+29 Samoilovich, G. G. FROM AERIAL PSOTO- [ ON 'IBE DE~MIIyATION OF TE NtL~B r OF TRFIES rosnimkm. Les . GRAPHS] Ob opredelenii chisla d_r v ev P Khoz. (Moskva), Mar. 19 0: 27.30, incl. tables. sDi.L395 A review of tree-count studies on aerial photographs con- ducted by Krutu .- (i 925), Weisker (1937), Zieger( y11928)~ , (i924) ,. Newra~nn (1935), Jacobs (1932), and Hugershoff and is presented.. 129 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Photo interpretation 1430 Samoilovich, G. G. [INTERPRETATION OF AE.RI&L PHOTOGRAPHS OF FORESTS] Deshifrirovanie p0 aerosnimkam lesov. Li Akad. Nauk SSSR. Materialy po r- ? deshifrirovaniiu aeros nimov. Ed. by A. E. Fersman. [Sbornik. Sverdlovsk?], Izdatel's tvo Akad. Plauk SSSR, 191+2: 28-49, incl. i111is,, tables, diagrs. TA593.F4 Studies revealed that option photo interpretatiofl vas ci tpine frrn?t_ 1].5.;000 and 1:25,000 aerial photographs. The height of individual trees and of timber stands was obtained either by r.6su.+~. ~% of the ~h~do length; by visual estimate cn ~ the :.--. .-V . using a stereoscope, or by employing the parallax method. 1~easurements of crown width and length and e stimate s of the number of trees per emit area are described. The identifica- tion of conifer and deciduous forests on vertical and oblique aerial photographs of varying scale is discussed. Certain characteristic features of each type of the forest vegetation, as it appears on aerial photographs, are outlined. Methods of identifying forest fellings, turned out areas and ;rind falls are presented. 1+31 S . mss, R. [ THE fl!PORTMiCE OF FROTO r~. u;iI(Y I ; OUR FORES,`1 ECONOMY] Ilmavalokuwauksen nerkityksestd metsgtaloudessarane. [German summary] Silva fennica, No. 1+8, 1938: 1-1+5, inci. photos, diagrs. .SD1.S5 An aeccunt of the development of air survey for forestry purposes in Finland is presented. Photos on a scale of 1:10,000 were found best suited to sirveys in Southern Finland and photos on a scale of 1:20,000 in Northern F t nd. Satis- factory results are reported in the determination of porpor- tional distribution of tree species, tree count, dcninaat height, mean height, density, and vo] ~e count. [32 refs.] 1+32 Seely, H. E. AIR PEOTOGRAPRS AS USED BY THE DO1fi aON FOREST SERVICE. Jour. Forestry, v. 36, Oct. 1938: 1035-1038. SD1.563 Analyses of the detail available in aerial photography was extensively applied in mapping and estiniating forests. Vertical air photographs taken during winter flights provide an accurate height of the stand when the tree shadows are measured in mixed stands on level ground. The measurement of the tree's dis- placement, which often supplants the shadow zzethod in softwood stands is basically twice as strong as the method of stereoscopic -130- I Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 In forest inventory ocedures erloyed in vol~netric estimates, forest parallax. .ax' i'r lication of the ctoubie - - inventory requirements, and + ?he aFF vision projector are disc,~sd. x+33 Seely, H. E. SURVEYS Ai y ~`~'~T1 iTION TE~iYCAL DEvELOP~,~dT Ll AIR p sTY DATA TREFROM? Prot. United Nations Sci. Conf. Con- lion and Utilization of Resources (Lake Success, 199), serve DA_279 .gTJn32P v. 1951: 20-~~. eview of the use of aerial photography in the investi- A rf ,.=r,.,. rces is presented. Special forest gatiou ul ~~=r resources are described. qualitative photography and mapping hoto auks, garticuiailY ~cr-,ation derivable his discussed. 6 refs- ~ species identification, 14.311. Skappel, H AS'uRLn?G AND APPRAISING r PHOTOGRAPHY AS AN AID el middel vea ~~~ afiet og Potorga=etrien som ~ Fe FOREST] Luftfotogr sko ~,, ..,.,.. Skog ~~rybrJk~, V v. . L1L (11), skogtaksssdcn. Ti~s5k..5 g~~ og ~-8 Jan. 1936: , incl. photos. The value of aerial photcgraphy in relation to forest ..~ rocedes and techniques used are ~ey-s is The ortance of t~-rainin8 and exp~?rience briefly described. The ~ hasized. in photo jnterpret&tion is emp 1+35 Spurr, S. U. , and C? T. Br T' Jr. TREE EEIGHT FROM AI-AL PHOTO Jour. v, +, Oct . 19'6 : 716-721 ? S 1. S63 Fore strY, - ~ree heights may be iasured on high qamity aerial photo- graphs by either the shadow or Pte'a11ax method.. The former metered while the method is considerere to be be used in a Wider latter method is more variety or conditions. The accuracy of tree height meaion ength film of ei1s menu on nzr iai phoiogr`aP~ ~~nds upon (1) sal (1 lens, used, (2) scale of photography: (3 focal method of ~as~ement, ()+) tip of day of photograp Y, (5 of the tree being ~as- ured(6), anskilld of ,8) the ob character server, aof (7) shape o_ the forest being studied. The f stands stands observer o ou? d i able to classify forest 1:16,000 acusetely (into 10-ft, height classes when using ~ght classes when using acccura scale photographs, into 5-It? he. i ~ hoto by making use of high- 1;x,000 stale p graphs ~) seed type taken with a lens photographs of the fi.8d2 in. (Author's Shy) having a focal leng - 131 - F F Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107/07: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 I Spurr, S. K. UNITED STA_ 3 PER " :CE IN T R USE OF AIR SURVEYS IN FOREST IlVVENTORY. Proc. TJnited Nations Sc!. Conf. Conservation and Utilization of Resources (Lake Success, 1929), v. 5, 1951: 22-27. DA-279.9Un32P A short stn raary of current U. S. practices in aerial pho- tography for forestry purposes is presented. Studies and tests of photo interpretation techniques and deices are reviewed. The ecological basis of photo interpretation is discussed. [7 refs.] Standish, M. THE USE Or AERL"T PHOTOGRAPHS n FORESTRY. Jour. Forestry, v. 23, Apr. 1925: 252-257, incl. diagr. 51)1.663 A brief review of the use of aerial photographs with reference to type and scale of photographs, stereoscopy, and the influence of seasonal variations is presented. A detailed discussion of the application of aerial photographs in deter- mining timber voluzae is included. 238 Tho!i2son, A. P. T :ffir'ICAL DEVELOPMEINTS IN AIR SURVEY Al D THE INTBIRPRLkTION OF FORESTRY DATA mEREFROM -- NEW ZEALAND ExPERm CE. New Zealand Jour. Forestry, v. 6 (1), 1929: 39_1? DA-99.8C162 The contribution and use of aerial photography in New Zealand's National Forest Survey are described. The limi- tations of aerial photographs for making accurate measure- ments of either total height or cro'Mm diameter are indicated. The sub-tropical rain forests of New Zealand are so dense that ground level cannot be seen on the photographs. [5 refs.] 239 Thomson, A. P. TDCIIZICAL DEVELOPMENTS IN AIR SURVEY AND THE INTERPRETATION OF FORESTRY DATA ThEREFROM -- NEW ZEALAND EXPERLENCE. Proc. United Nations Sci. Conn. Conservation of Resources (Lake Success, 191+9) v. 5, 1951: 27-29. DA-279.9Un32P An account of the use of aerial photography for forest survey work in New Zealand is presented. The combination of an extensive ecological surrey with forest inventory in New Zealand is discussed. 15 refs.] Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 I I In fore st inventory 440 Trob;tz, H. K. USE OF A IAL PHOTOGRAPHS IN T k INV'ENIORY PHASE OF TWT FOREST 1LAN.?0=~ ^iT JOB. Photo~ramm. Eng., v. 16, June 1970: 32i-324. TA593.A2P5 Studies were conducted to determine the usefulness of a controlled mosAic in e''aiun.tng +h ?? ` v ll 1 - around w .~ ~ :~ M...+ r7 lC1i ~v: .7 Shelton. The equipment included a F4ultiscope, sterecompara- graph, and binocular stereoscopes. The greatest single aid furnished by aerial photos was their use as a basis for stratifying forest stands of similar characteristics. Forest stands were segregated on a basis of age, stocking, tree size, volume, and species. The stratification permitted a prepara- t'on of a mAT hcv nQ the location of stands of various charac- teristics. Factors as crown density, crown color, picture-tone, crown-size, relative stand-height, and slope and expose were used to name the individual stands. The accuracy of photo interpretation was checked wherever possible by known field classification from old typing surveys. A good correlation exists et-en aerial uhoto and ground classification methods. Wiesehuegel, E. G. RX &,0i v'CAL FORT I ; N , CORY Y " " Jour . Fore stry, v. Aug. l9-1: 672-676, incl. photo, uiap, table. 39, SD1.S63 A method is described for use in Areas where planin~tric maps or aerial mosaics are available, and where a complete system of secondary roads exists. In the forest inventory of the Tennessee Valley area described, a standard field crew of 2 men with a car was used in traversing the roads and noting type boundaries and gross mensurational data in code on plani- metrie maps of a scale of about 1:24,OOO. One-fifth-acre plots were established in represcntative stands c.s a check on estimates and to obtain stand-table, growth, and mortality data. An average of 31,000 acres was covered per crew day. 0`j_1 studies were made separately by special crews. The field code used makes possible analysis of field data by means of 8ollerith punch cards. The cost of this method of survey compares favorably with that of other methods. ( Fore ofr r ctr s in part ) Wilson, R. W. CONTROLLED FOREST T V TORY BY AERIAL PBOTOGGRAPHY. Timberrn n (Portland, Ore.), v. 51 ()4.), Feb. 1950: 42-43, 98, mci. photo, map, table. Kt975O.1T65 - 133 - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 photo interpretation in a sl~rveY of au ah SP ssed. made by ful.ness of aerial Pr1st~ p A usPy pine Oregon retell aerial e S from G rp area Do hs CoUNtY' i jeCtb0 (Jl i vinat tarp 1`1Ldpd. the Pro letric base is Photogrraph6 aphs t to a P Y ~umm~rxRAP~] Die st. $ N OF vT~JE FROM AL gem. or st 4I.3 Wodera, . ~Vn de . ~ se neitt l F or golzr~~ g Hach Luftbi , 59 (13/llis 15/16)' 19 DA-9953 Jl~wy.t . Zest, Th history of Austria and Ge~m is hoto87'aT~e Y ? P &ee stand vnlwne armed. the rnethos used reviewe'~; ~e aerial puot,o raph` a` amzn . ~lg ? i v . 19, E ^ ,~~ , ?~, photogr i~4 Young, ~ ? J'i cl .~ 1 table . coin oii1~~6, ~agrs?, TA593.A2P5 arch 1953 The report explore the lim is to the ~terpreta,tion of s e comb fib a different scale to etr~.luate Different filter the ens t of of photos o order racefir re8 wed ~ - r f the s re tions we hotos o P ~orma,tion on airP northeast1 o items 36, 1 +, 157, iO' 44i; )+69?, et BC. Forest ~~~ Forest Rec. Braith tte, J pffO~ FOR ~ _4h , 445 c~~ 1 i tore (;~elhi), V ? 19 ` ,-99.8I 5 [n.p,1, 6 il A report on particu > on its nt of aeriel photoaPh~ is the dew lopes forest map ~~, use and in ~ > from pre se mod' The author di scus se s the a nt nethods , presented. hotograPhY, of msP~aP technic used aerial me hods of maPP in a hs, the P a grF use antoofck auu s mapF analysis anda{, oblique rial hirining P PhotP? yertical in l,antations 'h ?~PPi~ of Mail from photo d sgraph map, he of +,,ransfer i3~4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107/07: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 II u Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 . In forest management forest corditicns as she~Tn by the photogra b, a made for the use of aerial Photography P e st~ons are Burma. (Forestry ~? forest management A'vs?r,) 1416 Campbell, R . 1K. USE OF AFRIAL PEO c y ON LARGE FORT G . Forestry, v. 48, Dec. 19Sp: 639_8 RSEIP. Jour, 9O? SD1.663 Aerial photograph utilization by the Scotch Lumber Co. in studying{large forest Properties in a conparsti:rely short time is descr~bed. 1+x+7 Choate, G. A. AERIAL PEOTOcmAPHS - AN FIO '~1T TOOL IN rLkNAG:. T PLAN Jour. Forestry, v. 17, Dec. 1 SURVEYS ~*9: 961-96, incl. diagr. SD1. s63 The background an 3 .eth;,us of an developed to met the present and probab e fu uret~y management re quirements are outlined. orest 148 Clason, H. S. i [Am PEo:o(mAPES IISZ OF SK\~ p I FORE flyf or krokikarter i skogbraket Er sh summ- fiorsk Sbogindus., v, 4 ;. [ ~gli su?mary] )~ 1950 17-21, incl. photos. -. ' .N7$ The nethods of a or~~gien fizz using air photo foreSt~-~ are described. [5 ref8. j BreP in 1a 9 Coleman, C? C. TTE Ai II PH c 4PHIC MAP - AS AN AID TO TEE LOGGER. T 8andbook, v. , 19~: 75-79, incl. photos. DA 99.76?cggers 76PL12La Te use of aerial photography in logging operations qua, Oregon, is described. The use of aerial photo hic 8 maps in the location of main haul E1aP ing roads o ~.nd in ?he p1annin of a logging transpor. t systen is discussed. Te a G to derived from the use of aerial photographs are brIefl B Ewflarized. y 1}50 Diznbleby, G. W. AIR Pu"Ioc~hAPE5 AhD FORESY. IDENT7YICATION COSTS. Wood, v. 15 (1), Jan. 1950: 11-13, tncihotoG Ai~D photos. LA-99.82W855 - 135 . Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 s 5 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Photo interpretation The problems of photo interpretation encounterea ir. the trcp Ca, rot-forests of the Gold Coast are discussed and i ~ ilustrated with photographs. Elght-r.-ei t per cent of the a_. trees 'Tere identified IL a British deciduous forest in a test involving over 500 trees of more than a dozen species. [2 refs,] )+51 Ehrhart, E. 0. , m:E USE OF AERIAL PH0T0?APHY IN FOREST AGnN kNT , PennsY1- vania Dept. Forests Waters Service Letter, v. 10 (3), Apr.- May 1939 35-39, incl. photo, map. DA-99.9P383 Forest A survey of timberland owned by the Arrnstrong Company on the AU cgheii Plateau is described : L1: and wait evergreens were distinguished, old growth and second but accurate data on species in mixed hardwood stands were not obtained. 4.52 Gier ZYD Ski, T. [TLLE APPLICATION OF PROTOC~~,A14:~, 'jttY fl FOREST W2L>I sn~'ch. Zastosouanie fo to,r ametrii przy urzadzaniu gospod-arstw Technicznogospodarcze. Wyd:wnictw-a Pomocnicze i Inst. gadaxczy Lash: paristvowyZh. S~arszava, No. 16, 191-8, 50 p. SD1.F66 The author describes the application of aerial photographs to forest sn Meying and stock- ?i rig . While gr'ou1 and aerial surveys should to looked upon as conrplementarY as regards stock- Wig, the writer rejects Tischendorf's opinion that the by aerial photog-amm~etry cannot be volute of stands c s. ~, ~gd refs. Forestry Abstx. ) considered accurate. [50 j ]+53 : a berg, N. sintielning. [E AIRPLAIIE IN FOREST W AGE ] Flygplan vid skog Skogen, v. ~4O (6-7), J''e 15, 1953: 76, incl. photos. DA-99 .B3kl photographic flights were conducted ataltiittUdEenof 60 50oto 300 in., 'with most flights at 100 m., at speeds 80 m.p.h. Photographs were taken with sever edsand using g combinations of filters and films, includin ar color. Results are ~,rmi rized. -136- Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 I In forest management Hallert, B. [ SOME G~L OBSERVATIONS ON PHOTOGRAM 2TRY Mfl) ITS USE IN FORESTRY] Nagra allmanna synpunkter pa fotogrammetrien ccb dess anvr~.ndning thorn skogsbruket. Skogen, v. 36 (22), Nov. 15, 1949: 302-303, incl. photo. DA-99.8Sk51 The uses of aerial photography in forest management in Sweden are discussed. Recommended techniwes are described. 455 Hudson, D. W. APPLICATION OF AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY TJ LOGGING OPERATIONS. Forestry Chronicle, v. 20 (3), 194+: 262-269. DA-99.8F7623 An evaluation is made of aerial photographs, used in con- nection with a stereoscope, to supply specific information to tiruet operators, to aid preparation of operating plans, and to locate motor, portage and hauling roads, timber cuts, dams, streams and stream improvements. (Forestry Abstr. in part) 46 Hyde, R. USE OF AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHS IN FOREST AGENT. Pennsylvania Forests Waters, v. 2 (5), Sept.-Oct. 1950: 106-107, 118, incl. photos. DA-99.8P38 The use of aerial photography by the Research Division of the Pennsylvania By eau of Forestb in conducting forest inven- tories is discussed. Information considered essential to the preparation of working plans for the State Forests includes data on areas, volumes, types, sites, stand conditions, growth, and reproduction. 457 Losee, S. T. B. TEE APPLICATIONS OF PHOTOGRAMl!E RY TO FORESTRY IN CANADA. Photogramm. Eng., v. 18, Sept. 1952: 742-753, incl. photos, maps. TA593.A2P5 The application of photogrammetry and photographic interpretation to forestry is discussed concerning such operations as surveys to determine wood volume, reforesta- tion surveys, cut-over surveys, ~amflo E1Lrveys, road location surveys, logging plans, and eater delivery systems. - 137 - L Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Photo interpretation 4 458 Luzu, G. FOREST MANAGr' r2r'T [THE UTILIZATION OF A.EE IAL PH TOGRAPAY By flEE SERVICE; ?itilisation de la ohotographie aerienne par le service forestier de ~estion. Rcv. Forestiere Franc., 99.5 (11)8R329, Nov. 1953: 755-763? Aerial photography is used by the Forest Manager nt Service of Coblenz to provide data concerning general orientation; description of stands including site, density, and idnttiifi? ration of individual species; measurement of distances area coverage; wood mensuration; and up -L'J-dw orkin,g knowledge of the forests. )+59 Mattison, L. [ FLOATII+G OF LTJHB n Air~D 'IIiE ROLE OF AVIATION] Lesosplav 1 aviatsiia. Leg. Indus., July 1937? X5-48, incl. photos, tables. . 11D9765.R88L4 Advr:.ntagC of using aerial observations and photographic move - survey to discover the most suitable waterways for the city of went of limber from the forest to p~nseof ~eplant discussed. Aerial work in the regiga s Lake, Pudozh, and the White Sea is briefly described. Three aerial photos of unidentified rivers and lakes are 460 Moessner, K. E. A~:FR Proc. TH FORT E VALUE OF AERIAL PROIOx"KSTO TAE photo, Soc. Amer. Foresters, v. 1947, 197: 377-384, SD1.S. p p tables. Various aspects of the usefulness of aerial photographs to the forester are enumerated and. discussed. An annotated photo map is included. [~+ ref&. 1+61 Moir, S. AIR SURVEYS IN LOGGING AND FORES73~Y. Loggers h handbook, 1945: 189-199, incl. photos, map. ~99 Three it thods of conducting aerial forest surveys are described: by sketching, by use of oblique photographs, and by use of vertical photographs. Other topics &iscusced include scale of photographs, overlap, stereoscope, ground control, cation. Repre- sentative cruising, seasonal factors, and road to photographs of timber stands and a forest cover end vc;etation type map are included. 138 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 i t I I Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 In forest management 1+62 Spurr, S. if. nm Eng., AERIAL PFOTOA EIC TECH1' I QUES Ii FORESTRY . 593 ra8 . V. i4-, Dec. 19B: 535-537. The use of photographs in forest mapping, in inventory, and in other phases of forest management is discussed. Photo interpretation techniques using panchromatic and infra-red films are reviewed. The possible use of large-scale con- tinuous-strip photography and low-altitude oblijues taken when the deciduous trees are leafless is suggested. 4-63 Stanley, G. W. USE OF AERIAL PHOTOS ul 1 NAGr~'lt +i PLPJ S ? Jour . Fore stry, v. 1+$, Sept. 19 O: 1W-2-143 ? SD1. 663 Advantages obtained through the use of photographic data on loaaing conditions, mill capacities, and present condition of timberlands for proper forest management and planning are briefly outlined. 464 Empire Forestry Rev., v. 31 (2), June 1952: 99-1021 SD1.E573 plate. The practices and procedures of Photographic S,iveys (Western) Ltd. in British Columbia are outlined. A 12-in. camera, either a Williamson-Ross Eagle IX or Fairchild, and the use of a 4 in. tc 1 mi. scale, are recd need fbest photo interpretItion rco:lts. Stereoscopic forest interpre- tation photographs are included which show identification o iLi? defined i. ,,u broad and detailed types, as '",' as t lte timber in ma or valleys and tributaries. 14.65 'fan Asch, u. P. D., and L. C. Wickett. DISCUSSION ON AERIAL SURVEYING IN ITS RELATION TO FOREST RECONNAISSANCE. New Zealand Join . Fore stry, v. 1 ( 1938: 141-11+7. DA-99 3)11 An aerial survey of a timber area in National Park con- ducted by the N. Z. Aerial Mapping, Ltd. is discussed. The interpretation of aerial photographs for the deerr (aeiond of quantity and quality of species is described. nonmillable species were distinguished. It was possible to identify tree species only occasionally; it was not possible -139- Tr orey, L. G. AERIAL SURVEY IN FOREST NA1dAGE: E T IN E PACIFIC COAST FORF2T Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Phcto Interpretation The selection to tell the quality of trees in the bush country. to stereo- of road routes and mi11 sites was facilitated thrQU&h scOFic study of the aerial pi otographs. 166 Wilcox, F. R. T.T r,~nrrr,~*onvuc `e~-n a1Fif.RaFT IN WOODS OPERATIOP~S. Iri.i li~.i5 OF tir.~C~1.HL ru~~.;.:.' `-~- ~ , nz a , l) ~cl, table . Also Jour. Forestry, v. 36, Oct. 1933: 1O~8-1C, nCl . l: l38-14-3 , _ ^rn O . . ~ in photograi>aa. Eng ? , v . a , July- Sept . 19 SDl. S63; X593 ? A2P5 i tables. The u.,.... __ uses o!' aircraft and aerial photography in Flap iuakthg, timber estimating, - sorest protection, forest iruvementsmp , logging cost estimating, and transportation are briefly dis cussed. It is considered possible, with the aid of an accurate p Y/IG of an area to leak, a timber type interirreta- t?ion s~, from L~~tric ...... p r aerial photographs taken at anseason other than midsummer. 4-57 Wilcox, F. B. POSSIBiL TIES OF S T_SP ;UnSTRATOSFri,E FHO'I'OGRAPIIY _ltATI~F A~ s _ _re stry, v. 37, IN TEE AIS~iIIiSTRATION OF FOB1ST LANDS. Jo_ Fn June 1939: 11-W incl. i:1us. Also in Photogranm., 6 Oct -De c k 19 40 i%-19 ? ____~ sDl.s63; T A93 A2P phy A proposal is made to use high altitude p lack otturabulent applicable to forest ~~ief~ec*.on~~ altitude photog- raphy currents has a favorable and. tilting of the tn:rougu the reduction of . tipping an aircraft. Tinber typiig can be executed satisfactorily for p ores provided the photograph .s carried out ~'P ~ inventory durin3 either spring or fall when contraSting foliage exist in the forest crown. iffiared phctcga=h; should be used in mids-1lTr1 r. X68 Wood, K. B. ? . OF AERIALp~P1NG PRACTICAL ANAL LOGGING ;GII`~DyG, REVIEW IN rs Handbook. ' v. 10, 1950: 55-6, THE LOGGING Itr~USTRY . ]~o@,ge Y DA-99 , 76P112La incl. photos, map. The development and use of aerial mapping in the operations of the Pacific Northwest logging industry is discussed. The rilent employed by several r~ppi~ ~tr^d~?~a i n+Jconductingntimber surveys arc described. " operating c~rr---- - in hic maps for he accuracy and limitsti~ons of aerial topographic timber estimating are reviexed. - l4A - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 sam:~ra~ d:r L4~ Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 - In forest managemerit 1469 Wood, K. B. v . 19, PHOTO It1TE PRETATI0N IN FORESTY. Photo' Eng Eng., V June 195: 14'r7_'#81. ~_ ~~+ 1 anr~ 1 ~i'~~~ tat lv.n . -- tec~'fl1. l,la2s as ap-nl~iea LU Photo ~-~r a~ _ special 6iiT"+Tey y1~hIPT"F, easu_rement, ?asurement of timber, and s ' are briefly outlined. See also itens 58, 61, 97, 105, .118, 168; 9. Engineering rnsfrost) (Includes references to pe ?ennir,ghoff, w. S. USE OF AERIAL PHOTGRA~rS FOk : - ?RAIti PPE iION BASED 0Q x+87-x+90, FIELD APPING. Photogr&~? Eng., v. 19, June T119993:~5 incl. photos. photographs during field studies of The use of aerial r permafrost in Alaska is discussed. x+71 Black, B. F. pOL!'GOIZAL PATTI'IS JD v ^RO'Jlm COIZDITIOIZS FROM pflOAP. Photogr811. Eng., v. 18, ;arch 1952: i23-134, mncl. photos. TA5a3 .'-2P5 The si ifieance of polygonal patterns in the photo inter- gn ion of ground conditions is appraised. l 1iO Pap of recent literature on polygonal soils and 10 aerial p refs.] recent [56 of such soi i s are included in the study. F A CtDCAL ANALYSIS OF AN AE1tI.L PHOTO 1.72 Fedcrovich, B. A. [THE SI~'ICADCE 0 FOR ~ Z,-~acnenie geograiacheskogo ~,~ITARY np~ATIp~(S IN DE..Il~TS ~ stvii v p ust Yniakh. In ? analiza aerosnimki dl~a boe~-yl~,h de i Nauk SSR . i aterjaly po deshifrirovaniiu aerrosnimkOY. Ed . by . back A. E. Fersman. lSt;orLik. n*erdlovsxc 1, TA593=F~ SSSR, 1952, p. 72-85, incl. illus., diagr. The use of aerial photography in deterXni- -' the water and general iydroiogical conditions, the t0af airast itY, supply the forage and fuel conditions, the availability Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Photo interpretation feasibility of engheering construction, the c od fl ? an o+,^n to landscape coriigu-E1ti0n, ce'rer ii al . r~y~ ~-~~- L 'esert are discussed. App location of conditions of the LLGDGS L +-*-~- ,s +i~I'8~ jQT,Y for i:17,O00-5ca1e aerial photos is consid:rCd a military purposes. - 3 Frost, R. E. DD.IT:' ICATION OF GRANULAR SI'T'S Di A",T.T ~t~ 1E?_. ~unmM,RAFHY. Proc. Nat. Res. Council, HighwaY Res. Board, v. 25, 1915: 116-129 , incl . photos. TEl.N 5 Techniques used to locate sand and gravel deposits by use of photographs are briefly discussed. 1711. Frost, R. F., and 0. W. Mintzer. OTO TrFICATION ~?,LL~a CE OF TO?OGRAPHIC . ~Re s OCoun cif , Highway Re s . u-n"d j OF PtIAr"ROS/T. Bull . N~cl. photos, diagrs? No. 28?, 19~~//' l(100-121, T'E7 eN2~ The use of aerial photographs to determine the presence r....A_:'?r or ab sence of de tr line ntal pe ? most is discussed. Permafrost and the factors a?'fecting its existence are discussed in rela- tion to climate and topographic positio. The types of i topvgrarptw y discussed include uplands, transition zones and. - valley fill, terrace s, and flood plains . The principal cr teria for the photo interpretation of perifrost are given. It is concluded that the influence of topographic position is the most important factor in identif icaiion of permafrost in subarctic regions. t31 refs.) 1#75 Fulton, W. Canad. TE USE OF A3 IAL PHOTOGRAP IN GAY SURVEYING. C3 5-veyor, v. $ (1k.), Apr. 194: 13-17. . The applica~l ~{on of aerial photography a by to highway planning in northern Ontario is discussed.. High Y location engineers years vet their own photos. A study were trained to in+,,erp tation and soil cba acteristics indicated that certain types of soil are peculiar to definite types of vegetation. Poplar cwth was reported to indicate dry, well-drained soil; Jack l formn~tion, a. so 11?~' tined; pine indicates sand and grave ....Ias __ dense growths of small size spruce an,-.~o ond to~--ark tSi?" indi- cate must,eg; large spruce indicate s fair terrain conditions, and alder and villou may be interpreted as indicating wet ground. -114.2 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 a i- 3 In engineering 476 Hittle, J. E. APPLICATION OF AERIAL STRIP PHOTOGRAYh'Y OF HIGHWAY AND, AIRPORT ENGIRINC. Proc. Nat. Res. Council, Highway Res. Board, v. 26, i96: 226-2~)i el. photos. TE1.N45 The study presents a method of gathering pavement per- formance data by the use of aerial strip hotoraphy. 1+77 Hittle, J: E. '~IALS. AIRFHO'IO ER ?FTATI ON OF ti GIiRIIuG SITES AtTD NA Photo Eng., v. i, L. l9t,9 . G in-6O~z1 ;nrl ; i1.1 uclin, j u `+ : ~?9 mn~ . A?P5 tables . photo~'-.auhS iv ccrsiderk to ~.e interpretation of aerial r.. be a progressive translation whose diagnostic feats. es include L__ z r_if- a : and erosion features, terrain, position, topogl~~pL~, ~ DD. ,. ~s feature a color tones, and vegetation-cl~.~ate effect. These have significance wien considered in terms of land-forms and pedologic concepts. The relation of soil and rock materials to lanciforms and peBology peraits the interpretation to be com- pleted. in te_rns of anticipated engineering problems. A brief description of the photo interpretation method and technique is presented, the limits of application are cited, and sor.~ siamificant applications and advantages are discussed. 14.7$ ?killer, S. Tit I;' JERSEY. EtSEY. Photo- Hm WAY LOCATIONS BY AERIAL FHQ1'4 "~ grarm. Esg., v. 13 (2), June l97: 231-233? mA593 . A2P5 The use or aerial photographs in highway engineering operations is bri' fly outli=ed and illustrf.ted with examples drawn rroi~ varihi gh:.a projects in New Jersey. Aerial ~~ -~- photo interpretation facilitates the study or a1ratiV tom' alignments as weir as the selection of preliminarY ment of a new route previous to the extensive stiu-veys and necessary plotting of topography; the study of secondary stages of design work (need of underpasses, overpasses, etc.); the at3Aption of Sys to the terrain and scenery (park- ' ys); the preparation of highway maps; and the preparation of soils data. 479 Pryor, W. T. AER7AL SURVEYING ON T .ALASKA ZIc2MAY, 19172. Public Roads, v. 24. Jann?-N'? 191+(: 275-290, incl. illus., tables, maps. TE23.P86 -143_ Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 7 t 1 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Photo interpretation The location of the Alaska Highway could not be established by ground survey because of harsh climite, difficult topography, alnd limited time . Aerial methods of surveyiir eliminated the difficulties of ground operations and enabled engineers to exomine unexplored territory quickly. During the fall of 19#1 the Army Air Corps took many serial oblique photographs at an average elevation of cv,OO - with ca era having a 6-in. focal length lens; generally the photos high-ob1ic1ue . The development of trimetrogen photography make it possible to take three UhotO aP'fl Ej ;1tane^usly producing a left and _a right high-oblique with a vertical between them. R II ..J ~ .u:.: were a,e with vertical photographs taken with a 6-in. lens camera 10,000 ft. altitude at a scale of about 4. in. per mile . Slides and drainae char1nels could be seen clearly. By st2 ecscopic study of aerial photographs it was possible to m..ake topu~raphic features fit into their proper eleva- tional position. The stereoscopic studies also served. to identify sobs and drainage conditions from their relation ~,o ?.egeta.ion aD.d. topography. ,, 480 Raup, H. 2d., and C. S. fl tiny. FLOiOfr9PR~: ATION OF T< + `~ER-+~ ALONG .L SO.mLE PART OF AL~\SKA EI~iWAY. BuL1. U. S. Geol. Survey, 963-D, 1950: 95-135, incl. photos, naps, diagrs., tables. DGS-G611+-290 T,P ec- bted data and methods of geology and botany were applied to the terrain interpretation in British Columbia and southeastern Yukon, both representative of the northern regions. The uses and limitations of tree species and asso- ciated shrubs as indicators of such or ground characteristics as soil texture, dra, naQe t pre senc v4 ri tre ff 1 cti i-lity etc zlescri c1. A key for the identification of the vegetation seen on aerial photo- graphs is given. [8 refs.] 14-81 Sager, R. C. ~dD . photo aux. AERIAL ANALYSIS OF PERt'A EEfl1Y FROZEN (COL. ~ :Eng., v. 17, Sept. 1951: 551-5717 incl. illus., map. TA593 ?A~.PS Closely associated geomcrphological, pedological, ecologi- cal, and cultural factors affecting the interpretability of permanently frozen ground are briefly reviewed. The polygons and related terrain features which serve as a valuable aid in aeriAi photographic interpretation are described and illustrated. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 In engineering 1{.82 Simonson, W. lt arCw ROLE OF ~F PHOTOGRAPHY. LiL Civil Eng ? , v. 15 (5), 4ay JI~J.~ 1wu+~ `~ 19: 223-226, incl. photos, maps, tables. TA1.C1+52 Arai xhotoV'apha are shown to be useful and economical in the surveying for, and design of highhwacombi The advantages of large-scale aerial photographs used. around surveys are cited. The study includes a table giving map scales for highway design use, and an analysis of map ~~-Ammetric maps. scales for aerial iLi vcgar~,,,~.,i ..,, pht'g -- 1}83 ham, P. I _ PRO3 TED ATLANTIC AIRPORT, LAKE NALM, MAPPED PHOTOGRPM- ?EThIC.uL+~YI P1 ~+nerade At1antflygfd.1tet "Ha asiav" fotogram- ru~uuvfs 3 , metriskt kartlagt. Globen, v. 25 (3), 196: 37ol,m el. photo, map. The use of aerial photographs in the planning of the Swedish international airport at Lake Balim is described. and The saving in time and money by t.iS method is stressed, the special problems encountered are discussed. 1431 Witenstein, M. M.T lv EGD1EER i PRL;C fl'L:Es OF APPLICATION CI oi l: . 31}9-3~5 J e 9 311- , I I r I un l n?TELIGENCE. Photogramm. Eng., v. 17, incl. maps. Reference standards or criteria are cae'tabid?Sntaffor aspects of engineer intelligence trhic these criteria a easily on aerial photographs. Rased upon system of photo study, comparative analysis, is developed. for highways is i 3 a An example of photo interpretation criter presented. See also items 169 182, 190, 201+, 237, 313-319, 322, 3214, 32328, 330-33, 336-335? 10. Military science .? T~ 1; 13 [ AN AERIAL-GEOGRAPHIC DESCRIPTION QF THE BAI ?~r C u'wrnT~ . VoL TilE F;ASl tN BJ,LKMI P ; NSULA] Luftgeographiache Beschreibung der gal nlader. 1 Rand: ost?-Balksn. Berlin, [Deutsche Luft- waffej, 1 v., incl. pnot~s, maps, diagrs., tables. DR10. G1+3 - l4- Sanitized Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 i i R Photo interpretation 210 ar~otated aerial The study presents a select~ion~of about maPJ of ?he most and ground photographs, and approl i..W.:ely 7 ,de;} hnrnhRum rea, to ortant geographic and military features ^ofc1L r B?1 garia, anEuropean Tur ~key. sta. are in l tic ct~n- important landforms, the vegetation cover, the clime ditions, and the location of airfields. ..._ ,.tU'U C&, i~,~ DFSCR.IP` T..ON OF :f'EE BALKAN COUNTRY. VOLUME 2: 'ur Jun ~-. ??~ ??- .? TEE g.OU '; LALKAid P fl SULA Luf tgeographi scLe Be scnre i nung d- r paj,anlnder. 2 Band: S`1 -Balkan. Berlin, [Deutsche Luft- waffeJ, incl. photos, xaaps, diagrs., tables. DR10. G1+3 The atudy presents a selection of & ont 3s - ti gdthe serial and ground photographs and about 90 maP P mozt important geographic and military features ofoA B iaria, the southern part of Yugoslavia; the ester part octant imp and. Gieece, Data are also ~cl" ed cn cathe nditions and loca- l ndf~s, vegetation cover, clipati tion of airfields. i.$7 p ~c A ^u AND p.1NAJIrG. London, Air U.NnistrAIR F:C"T1~PR~'~ Or'r,~ ~-,..,~~'I'IL,. incl. Gt. grit.), x. N.. Sta tonery Office, l90, [108 P.1, illus. , maps, tables, plats. ZR$lO.GB The mEtrua]- discusse s the purpose and value of aerial a ., ~ photoaphy, general and unit orgniZati.,.., ^ethods of photo- a hit flying including flying for air' survey Purposes,fo p training of personnel, and interpr - the Army and the Nary, a tion of aerial photographs. rJ 1488 Garb, ., pad R. R. Arnold. sneer, FROM ~ ~ ~ N1i.l it . Eng N* LIPJX USES OF PROTOGA'RY FR0~~ V. 33, Sept. 19+1: 357-362, incl. photos. p85 TAI. Various aspects of aerial photography, s yuch as mapping photo- graphs intelligence, are briefly reviewed. Four aerial p graphs are included. 19 Coleman; C. G. ?LOYAL Ffi0'n)GRAPHIC INTEftP. RETATIOIG. photog: amm. Eng., v. 18, TA593?~~ June 192: 1+86- . end scone of naval photographic interpre- The atruc tUre ., ...-- -- tation are briefly reviewed. I Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 In military science 490 Colwell, R. N. AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHIC INTERPRETATION OF VEGETATION FOR MILITARY PURPOSES. Photogramm. Eng., :r. 14, Dec 198: 472-481; incl. illus. TA593 ?A2P5 The recouni,tinn cf vegetation types o a rial pios Is based on the interpretation of such characteristics as size, shape, tone, texture, shadow, and topographic location. All the characteristics of any given vegetation element are not of equal value in its photo identification. Confirmatory characteristics must be used; there are usually 1 or 2 salient features of greatest diagncstic value in the identification of any given vegetation element. Aerial photography employing panchromatic film at scales smaller than 1:10,000 seldom per- mits adequate identification of individual species of vegeta- tion. An increase in scale to greater than 1:10;000 permits the use of a tree's branching characteristics and accentuates textural differences in foliage. Optimum results were obtained from black and white photography which accentuates tonal contrasts between species by capitalizing on differ- ences in their foliage reflectance spectra. 491 Conklin, G. N. INTERPRETING THE MILITARY AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH FOR TACTICAL USE. Photcg aiim. Eng., v. 20, June 1954: 5+9-55O. TA593.AZP5 Although background training in earth sciences and the use of photographic keys and coe*lplex instruments are of great value to photointerpreters, these are of secondary importance in tactical photo interpretation. The military value of the photo interpreter is based upon his facility to transmit in the minimum of time the immediately pertinent and required tactical information derived from a large volui of photo- graphs. The technique necessary to perform this function is gained through constant training and practice. [2 refs.] Metodiki deshifrirovariia aE rofotosni-'?" s bolotnykh massivov ~~ Akad' Nauk SSSR. Odt . Bio1. Nauk, ,, ~, j, ~ nP pri~re le snoi zony SSA.. ,+. r > i y ? Mauch.-ISSled, rabot [for 19.-19#, Q.U3, a1. A357 Information from a military man om phoh tt pr~tation of aerial photographs of marshes is summarized. 1497 Hack, J. T. .m, PROTO- vTt~ NATION 1 MU,ITAB GFALOGY. Phot gl"A2P Yng?, V. 11+, Dec. 19 8:i~33-196. a hs can furnish the following information Aerial photos p '- relative to military geology the prese:eP of geological : deposits (u r.plte, beach, m^raines, etc.), the topog-, ?y~.,. and. co~pieteness of drainage, the vegetation raprj~ ~ the pattern .. ~ An. n , of cultural patterns to and its patterns, and the Gdu5tix~._t the terrain. natural and cultivated vege t~~ c _aYsocia- reflects ground conditions. Certain plants plant _ GLL and delineated on ~ri~sPh~to~a~~rlrj 1. M tions, reccgs.?y~+iZC useful as j i catOrS of drainage con As e1a iOf5hips between rock for:1at1ons and kinds rock types n$ of F of vegetation are reviewed. 14.98 Hunt, C. B.p iication of Geology 1%1LITARY GEOLOGY. ^ In C-eol.Soc.AP[1`P~ York], 1950, t; ivineering practice, Berkey ~Jo ~. ~~3?s?6 p. 295-327, incl. maps, tableE; maps. mpc~rj Ques and uses of geology applicable to the solution . of are consided? }fap interpretation, nilata -?y proble.~s a.r _ especially and. interpreta- Q ge oo-- ~ n1 C aLd topographiCmp5 maps, o_ ~ tion of serial photog; arhs are briefly discussed= [1~+ refs. 499 fi ie de r he itmann, A. pfiaTO ,xaY ] Cur so elemental de Z . ELI'yARY COURSE Z AERIAL - [ ~ronautica Militar, foto~'affa area. Guatemala, C; po de ~ TRS10.N5 19133, 292 ie; incl. photos, diagrs. An ele entarY and general treatise on serial photography, designed primarily for use of the niiitary; is presented. Aspects or photo interp+e aLi0T are aiscusx -1149- Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 ?. -, it Photo interpretation 5uu Niel- rileit11anf, A. ' ~ Manual 7~ilitar de Y 501 . (AF14Y i4A JAL OF AF(LW PHOTOG Guatemala, Fuerza Area, 1949, 485 p., incl . fotogxaf~a a,erea. TR810.N52 photos, diagrs., tables. r r 5nd processes of aerial photography are dc- scribed briefly, and its application in map-maxiu ar.d a m::_._~raphi ~,,,'.nterarQ`.attoII~ rilitary :ntelltgence is outlined. 287-1. is discussed or. p. 1Qc.:ckenbush, B. S. Df.E SICNAL ;'E:IocR&PHY. In Amer? Soc. Photogramn. 1:anuai of rhotogra.~uetry. New Yore, Pig p1tshing Co., r-; F9n2 i9+, p. )21-326; incl. photos. TJJ?A63 The bgsic principle of vecto aphY, the process{hZ o! e ~' 1 stereograms, nnu oo.' military applications of vectography are briefly outlined. 502 Stepanov, N. N. PRf.Cfl:LES Q erI,AL PFOT. ~.,-z-Er] Ozn ~-o aerofotoe"emki. ( APfiIC Dun.~- In hi Ilizhen.. fa eodeziia, i'_oskva-Leningrad, Izdat. Na kc- oza s P~SFSR, Arno 1943~: g 282-308, in cl. photos, diagrs., tables; ;,- Tk545.S65 photo. g A discussion is presented cuucQrn ~_.--r the importance of aerial photographic reconnaissance to TM. .rt1itary operations, the materials required for such photographic work, general charac- teristics of the aerial photograph, and aerial surveying operations and. planning. The survey includes such topics as general principles of photo interpretation, topographic and tactical interpretation, per3pective, and other aspects of the mechanics of interpretation and mission handling. Six aerial photos are appended. 503 Stroh, R. ll (6) Dec. FEADDTG AERIAL PHOTOS. Popular photography, v. , 194.2: 22-23, 200-202, incl. photos. TR1?P8845 The use of w-. - ocriqi PhotortraFb5 in military intelligence *id - the work of the photo interpreter are eBcribed. D C. Dept. 504. TATION OF AIR PEO'I'OS. ? Washington , , TACTICAL IIF-of the Array, Tech. 1anua1 No. 34-246, Feb. 9,U19514, 71ied; plates. 1~0 - F Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 In nilita: Y science This manual covers the interpretation of maJ or items of military activity nonri lly encountered by Army photo interpreters in the field. It consists of 1013 photographs and figures arranged in a series of photo interpretation keys on specific subjects. A bibliography of 161 titles is included in the manual. O5 Talley, B. B. MAPPING BY TEE USE OF AERIAL PHOTOGRAPES. Milit. Engineer, _ v . 27, Sept..-Oct. 1937:: 357.36 , mdl ? photos, diagr. iAl.rvJ Various phases of mapping with the aid of aerial photog- raphy are discussed. 506 507 508 Thomas, H. H. R :CE: D OPMguTS IN AL PEOTGR n . Nature (London), v. 156, Oct. 6, 1945: 1O9-4U. Q1.N2 The article presents a general review of the use of aerial photography for intelligence work during the hear; some account is given of technical developfts. Various subjects investigated by aerial photography are irentiored, and. the interpretation of prints is described. [2 refs.] Trorey, L. G. HANDBOOK OF AERIAL MJ PPLNG AND Ce br; age [fig.] Univ. Press, 1952, 178 p., incl. photos, maps, diagrs., tables; plates. TA 593.i? Tai manual descr 1 aerie l mapping v:chziiqueD found practical during the World War II. Standard mapping pro- cedures of the Royal Canadian Engineers are briefly outlined. [19 refs.] Truesdell, P. E. RESEARCH ASPECTS OF MUITARY PEOTO Ii, ^~ATION. In Coma. on Geophys. and Geogr., Res. and Development Board, Washington, D. C . , SECT PAPERS ON PHOT~GEOLOGY AJ D P110W ffl 2PRETATION. Apr, 1953, p. 217-216. (Rept. no. GG 209/1; Unclassified) AD 81996 [ TID-L7~ ] The role of the Research and Analysis Division of the Naval Photographic Interpretation Center in investigating and developing photo interpretation techniques is briefly discussed.. -151- Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/07/07 : CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010107107: CIA-RDP81-01043R000500230003-4 Thoth interpretation 509 Whitnore, F. C., Jr. rrTrl Viii, O ?. M1iITARY PHOTO fl TERFflLeTION. Photog