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APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000'1000'10026-1 . FOUO N0. 6i9 , iZ JANUARY i979 - , i OF -i APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 ~ ~OR OFFICIAL USF QNLY JPRS L/s2~9 12 January 1979 ? ~ ~ . TRANSLATIONS ON SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA FOUO ~(o, 6l9 U. S. JOINT PUBLICATIONS RESEARCH SERVICE F0~ OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 ~o~r~ ,1l~R5 publicntinn, c~nC~i.n in~~tmneion primarily ~rom fdreign newgp~pera, pertndiCUls tt?id books, buC ~?1so rrdm n~w~ ~grncy eransmiysinns and brondca~es. M~reri~ls frdm foreign-l~ngu~gc sources ~rc Cr~~nsl~C~d; those from Cnglish-l~nguage sourres ~re trttnscribed or reprinCed, wieh ehc original phr~7sin~ and oCh~r chMracreri~tics r~e~ined. He~dlines, editort~l reports, and mAeerixl ~nclosed in brACkees are s~~pplied by JpR5. Processing indiceCors such d5 [TexC] ~~r [~:ccerpt) in rhe first., line of ~ach iCem, or following the lttse line nf a brief, indicnCe how rhe original tnformarion was processed. Where no processing indic~tor is given, the infor- mation was summarized or exCracCed. Unf~miliar names rendered phoneCically or Cransliterated are enclosed in parentheses. Words or names preceded by a ques- tion mark and enclosed in parenCheses were not clear in the original bur hAVe been supplied asappropriate in context. OCher unattributed parenthetical notes within the body of an iCem originaCe with the source. Times wiChin iCems-are as given by source. The contenCS of this publicaCion in no way represent the poli- cies, views or attiCudes of the U.S. Government. . i;OPy'RIGEiT I.e~?WS AND REGULATIONS GOVERNING OWNERSHIP OF :~1TER L4LS REPRODUCED HEREIN REQUIRE THAT DISSEMINATION t)~' THIS PUBLICATION $E RESTRICTED FOROFFICIAL USE ONLY. � APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 , BIk3LI0GRAPHIC DATA ~~P~~t N~, 2, y, Heripicnt'+ ,~tcee~~un SHEET JPELS L/ 82 ~9 ~ iU~ ,~n 5u t~t e TRAN5LA'TION5 ON SUD-SAH~~AN A~RICA, F'OUO NO ,~~,g s' K~~'~r~ ~ 12 January 1,979 ~ 6, f Au~ho~(~1 tl, Nerl~rmii~ i`tKnnir,~i~~n I~rr~ Nc~, O. NeNnrmin~ UrKanuatinn Name rnd AJd~e� 10~ f~to~ect/1'aak,lt.,r~ L'n~~ _ Joine Publicationa Research S~rvice ~ 1000 North Clcbe Road 11~ Contrart!Gran~ vo, - Arlington~ Virginia 22201 ' lZ 5pon~orina OrR~nii~tion N~me and Addtess 1J. Type nf Repur~ bc Her~od ~ ~ Govered , A� ~bove ' i , ~ iS~ Suppiemenc~ry Notes _l 16. Abstr~ct~ 1 The report contains information from African and specialized West European ' publications and r~dio on poliCical, economic, and sociological d~velopments. ~ ~ lf. Kcy Wotd~ and Daument Analysii. l~o. Desc~iptora Political Science ~Inter-African Aff. X Ghana Rwanda Sociology ~Angola x_Guinea Sao Tome and Economics Benin x Guinea-Bissau Principe ! Culture (Social Botswana Ivory Coast x Senegal Sciences) Burundi Kenya Seychelles Technological Cameroon Lesotho Sierra Leone , Cape Verde Liberia Somalia Central African x Madagascar South Africa Empire Malawi Swaziland ~ ~ , Chad Mali Tanzania ~ Comoro Islands Mauritius X Togo ~ x Congo X Mozambique Uganda D~ibouti Namibia Upper Volta X Equatorfal Cuinea Niger Zaire ~ 17b� IJeni~l~ers/Open�l:nded Terms ~thiopia Nigeria 2ambia ~ Cabon Reunion Gambia Rhodesia 17c. Cd~Al'1 Field/Group 02 SD SC SK > > � 16. Availap~luy Statement 19. Seeuriiy Class (1 his 21. \o. o( f~ages i~e~lt UFFiC[AL USf: UNLY. I.imited Numher ol' RePore) 33 ~ c, Cunie~ ~\V:i I l.~hle F~KUf11 .1~~k5 2� eeuruy Ctass (This 22, p~~;~ Pa~e ?OAV MT/~.11 t~l[v. ~�rt~ U~rL,1S~~FIFD THIS fORW MAY BE REPRODUCED ~.s~o..w.oc �.oe:.o� APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 ~ ~'OI2 OFFICIAL USE ONLX JPRS L/8219 12 January 1979 ~ tRANSlATI01VS QN SUB~SAHARAN AFRI CA ~ FOUO No. 6i9 ~ CONTENTS PAGE INT~2-AFRICAN I~FF'AIRS Briefs IRG Loan BOAD 1 Ghana-Benin Trade Relations ~ - ANGOLA � Briefs , UNITA Ben~uela Control C1aim Denied 2 Belgian Technical Mission . 2 CONGO F1.iture Ecoaomic Prospects Said To Be Gloo~}r (Sophie Bessis~ JEUNE AFRIQUE, 29 Nov 78) 3 EQUATORIAL GUINEA ~ President Nla.cias~ Abuse of Population Detailed (cANIDIO 16, 12 Nov 78) 6 GHEWA , ~ $riefs � Gha.naian-British Trade 15 GUINEA Skeptlcism on Toure Overtures in the Wake of Party Congress ~ (Sennen Andriamirado; JEUNE AFRIQUE, 6 Dec 78) 16 - a - (III - NE & A- 122 FOUO] FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY . : _ _ _ APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 ~ l~'Ok U1~'l~ IG 1 r~L USL ONLY ' ~ i CO1V~.~NTS (Contiaued) Page Q~UZNEEI-~ rSSAU Popular Apal;hy, 'Bourgeois~ Tendencie~ Mar Developmen~ ; (F'rancois Soudan; JEUNE AFRIQUE, 6 nec 78) 18 , MA1)AGASCAI~ ~ Briefs , USSR Airplanes 21 ; M07.,AMBIQU~ Briefs ~979 Sugar Production Prospects 22 SENDGAL Opposition Leader Raps Sen~hor Government ~ (Abdoulaye Wade Interview; AFRIQUE-ASIE, ii-24 nec 7a) 23 TOGO Briefs Togolese Econorqy Index Rising 31 , ~ ~ r , - b - FOR O~FICIAL U5E ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 ~ ~~ntt nr~zcr~. Usc oNL~~ zNr~~-AFRICAN A~~~ni~s ~x~~~s I~EtC LOAN 'I'0 IiOAb��-Lome, 22 Doc (EtEUT~R)~-Under an ~greemenC signed on ThursdAy in Lome, the ~[tC bevelopment 5ocieCy, which is based in Cologne, granted a line oE credit of 6 million CCrman marks (approximately L..15 mit.lion CrA f.rancs) to Che WesC African llevelopment Bank (BOAD). The money is to he used to help finance industrial and agroindustrial pro3ects in Che member sCllCes of ttie WesC African MoneCary Union. (London 1t~UT~R - in French 1213 GMT 22 Dec 78 PA] GHANA-BENIN TRADE RELAT70NS--Trade between Ghana and Benin is on the upswing. Working within the joint coopera~ion commission, the two countries have frequently engaged in joir?t efforts over recent years. The Ghana State Transport Corporation began ope- rating ~n international highway transport service on 2 November 1977, with three dPpartures weekly from Cotonou (Tuesday, Thurs~ day, Saturdtty) and three from Accra (Monday, Wednesday, Friday). [Text~ Paris MARCf.ES mROPICAUX ET M~DITERRANEENS in French 1 Dec 78 p 32221 6182 - 1 FOR OFFICIAI. USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 F'Ok Ul~'1~'~CIAI, USl~: c1h1~1' ANGOId~ BRIEFS UNI'PA E3L'NGUELA CONTROL CLATM DENI~D--The charge d~ a~f~ires 1 in Lusaka, Mr Andre Miranda, flat~y denied rumors to ~he e�Fect ~ tha~ ~lie National Union for mo~a1 Independence for Angola UNTI'A ' controls large seCtions oE the Benguela rail 1ine. Replying to a nows report by a BBC TV crew which spent some 4 months in An- ' go1a, Mr Mir~nda stated ~hat '~these reports are no~hing but wes- ~ torn propag~nda; UNITA does not con~rol a centimeter or even a millime~er of the rail 1ine," he added. ~~rnsofar as T knuw, the ~ - railroad is runnin~ from Lobito to the Zaire border. arc: well organized and t�hPy will noL� allow something calledeople to control a single se~nen~ of the Bengu.ela 1ine. 1Kr Miranda _ also branded as "false" a report that UNITA leader Jonas Savimbi was in Angola, stating that "the Angolan people would not let Savimbi operate out of Angola.~~ Mr Miranda~s denial was addres- sed ~o reports by BBC T'J reporter Mike Nicholson, who arrived in Johannesbur6 on 2$ November and who claims to have spend 110 days with UNITA troops in southern Angola. [Text] [Paris MARCHES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERRANEENS in French 1. Dec ~8 p 3336] 6182' D~LGIAN TECHNICAL MISSION--A Belgian party of experts will spend ' ~hc week from 29 November to 6 December in Angola "to lay the ~roundwork for Belgian aid~~ to this country,~the Foreign Minis- ' try announced in Brussels. The idea, according to that source, i.s to provide the Firs;: concrete results of last September~s visit: therc by f3el~ium~s top diplomat, Mr Henri Simonnet. The mis~ion includes officials from the ministries o� Cooperation , and Forei6*n Affairs, as we11 as experts on roads and port instal- lation~. I3el~ium has already made a commitment to help Angola in Lhc: expansion of iLs ~or~ at Lobit~. [Text] Paris MARCHES TROPI- CAUX CT MF.DITERRANEE~iS ~n f'rench 1 Dec ~8 p 3336] 6132 i i i CSO: 44 QO 2 ~ FOk 4i~FtCIaC. L'S~ O~LY ~ ; APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 I~t)h c)I~I~ It:l~l, U`;I; c)VI.Y CUNGO I~'U7'UitL ~CUNOMIC 1.'ItOSPCCT5 SAIb TO l3L GLOOMY Paris JLUNL ACItIf2Ut: in T~'rencl~ 29 Nov 7$ pp 98, )9 CArticlc: by 5ophie l~essis, "7'lYe I'residenr Issues a Warning] [Text] ~cc~nomic difficulties become more and more worrisome. However, exhorting Che people Co work wi11 not solve the prnblems. "'1'l~e Congolesc countryside looks barren and deserCed," said President Yhombi Opango on 13 November after a Cour of the counCry's ma~or regions. He ~oas commenting once n~ain on rhe stagnntion of agricultural production. 'The problem I5 not a new one. Autl~oriCies in Brazzaville frequenrly bemoan Che Scriousne:~s oE thc situation in this vi~tal secCor of the economy; a secror wl~icl~ is even more important t~ecause prospects seem scarcely brighCer in mining, hydrocarb~ns and industry. Within the last few years, authorities have alre.~dy encountered ~eemingly insurmountable problems. The currene president announced his intention r.o bring relief to the economic picture when he took office after the rfarch 1977 assassination of Marien ~S'Gouabi. Although severnl sCeps have been taken, sucli as the creation in October of a sCabilization fund for agr~cultural and forestry products, Chey t~ave produced no tangible results. There is sCill a deficit in the trade balance in 1978. P'ood imports are increasing at an alarming rate. In 1977 " they re:tclied 1U billion francs CP~\, or 20 percent of the total purchases from ~ furel~;~~ cc~untrLeS. '1'his wa5 ~1 serious drain on Che country's .reserve cash. Potav:~ium liati nu~ becn mined since July 1977 because of the disastrous floods. Thc development of petrolcum, which was supposed to solve al? these problems, lias be~en :i disappointment. In the early seventies good prospects created a sensc oC cu~~hort:?: in 1972-73 the simultaneous rise in production and in ~:rt~c:; liinted at possibilities of development on a grand scale and an am~itiuuti ~~lan w;i~ developed. By 1975, however, production had diminished. U1:~illusionment grew year after year. Anticipated investments were revised d~wnwarJ :~nd uutl~orities w~re confronted with the hard realities which they I~,~d moment.nrily for~otten bec~lusc of the mirage of petroleum manna. In 1977 ti~~~ vulumc of export climinisl~ed Uy 32 percent and development by 25 percent tn comparition with 19~6. ~ . I~UK Ui~rICIAL USC ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 ~~�~i~ c~t~i~ [CTAL US~ ONLY i~avnrable C1im~~Cc ' Neverthelegs, tl~e Con~o is fAr frnm being ehe leasr fortunate country on the conCinettt. Climac~ic cond~.tions are relatively favor~nble for a~riculture. ForcyCs, which cover 60 percenC of rtle land, are an importanC resnurcet caood prodtiction, which tiad r~ached 500,000 cubic meters in 1977, cou~d easily aCCaiit 2 million cubic meters a year. The country has gond roads, which wi].1 be imprnved by Che rea~.ittement of C}~e Conbo-Ocean r~ilroad. The percentage o� peo~~le receiving educ;~rion is the highesC in black Africa. Whst, then, is ehe c~use of this app~rently irremedi~ble s~.ump7 In truCh, everyone has known Cor a long Cime ~usl what Che impedimenCS to Che economy are. 5ince the m~gic spell of peCroleum has losC iCs power, Chese problems h~ive come to tl~e lor~front ~gain. Becnuse agriculture has been the "poor relation" in every dc:velopmenC plan since independence, Chere is now a growing sl~ortage of food and ngricultural exporCs. After having been almosC entirely ne~;lucted, agriculCure was hoiseed Co a priority pos3Cion among other priori- ties in 1975. liowever, this sector has so deteriora.c~:u years of - neglect that a reversal ot� this trend is almosC impossible. ~ Cloomy E'uture ' "13udg~t-devouring" public officials have put development expenses on a short allowance. Also, iC is common knowledge that a disastrousl.y inefficient financial administra tion of national enterprises has monopolized a large part o~ public finances. In the area of agriculture, where the government holds 45 percent of ttie cultivated land, reorganizaCion is promised regularly, year ~ after year, yet diligence and efficiency have noC yet been imposed. Une of the best examples of this siruation is Che SIA-CONGO, a sugar-pro3ucing comp.le;c with a 150,000 ton capacity. Present production barely manages to fluctuaCe around 25,~~~ tons a year. Curre.nt repair needs now require some six billion francs CFA and the governmenC has asked for forsign aid to start the repairs. , Otlier types of agricultural exports have decreased over the last few years. Tl~c situation was slightly improved in 1977: the volume of coffee exports incr~~ased by 23 percent over the 1976 figure, sugar exports inereased 14 per- cent, on tlic ott~er l~and cacao exports remained at the same level, but the ~~?~ormouti rise in wnrld prices caused them to double in value. Woud production seems also to have goCten out of its rut and has shown pro- ; bress in tlie first tialf of 1978. '1~I14 mining and industrial sector, by its own admission, continues to decline. Unless there are new discoveries, petroleum production will not exceed 2.5 ~ million tons per year from now until 1982. ~1lthougl~ there are a few timid signs of improvecrient, future prospects are gloomy. In spite of predictions that rhe Congo would produce all its own food by 1978, Che goal is srill far off even though several large projects have ~ ' FOR i)'rFICTt~~. i;S~ 0:~:.Y APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 , . ~ ~~~c~it c~~~~~ ~c;~n~, u;;~~; ~~N~,Y - been ~cC in ntol-ion, 7'licsc ~('fc~rts are I~ampcred by existing structures, ltmtted tnve:~Cmenl� I.n rural sc:c~ory (mo~t Eoreign investmcn~ is concenerated in mines ~nd rransportation) ~nd 1~ck oC qualified Administrators. Wlien wL11 there be a real r~vers~l in the economy? For tihe moment we musr wait until the authorieies dn someeliing more rhan declare inCeneions and , issue exhorCutions. The people, wno do not see an improvement in the3r Einancial siCuation c�r ini Che qualiCy of their daily lives, are not eager to respond to suc}~ governmenC directives. CUPYRICHT: .Jeune AErique CRUPJIA ].978 , 9161 ~ CSO: 4G00 5 � I~0[t UI~rICIAL US~ ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 COVi.l~NMrNT USL ONI~Y EQUATOItIAL GUINEA , i ~ ; i PItESI17ENT MACIAS~ A$USE OF POPULATION DETAILED Madricl CAMBIO 16 in Spanish 12 Nov 78 pp 59-64 , /TexC/ Son, what would you do if I gave you my gun? ~ ~I would shoot King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofia three times. Then I would rip their hear~s ou~ and leave their bodies in the jungle to be eaten by ~ a17. Che predatory animals. ~ ' . With thi~ unusual conversation with two of his sons, according to Spanish ' teacher Teodoro del Valle., Macias Nguema, president for life of'Guinea, began a few months ago one of his classes on ~~political instruction'~ for all of the children in the country. These required classes are given every SaCurday of the year by the Gt.~inean Chief of State. . The Guinean dictator's insults a~ainsr Spain and its highesC institutions ~ are invariably the leitmotif of all of his public statements. Meanwhile, ; Che Madrid Government appears to be turning the other cheek with its efforts to renew cooperat~on agreements with~the Macias Government~that expired on the lst of November. If this is accomplished, it would mean that the Equatorial Guinea ; dicta~or would receive some 800 million pesetas in aid. The money would ~ be used ~o repair the Bata airport runway and to acquire three C-~K2 Aviocar ' from Spain to replace all of the Equatorial Guinea Ai.r Lines~(LAGE) planes-- ~ Chree ~~C~nvers'~~-given to them by Spain 10 years ago and which are completely ~ unscrviceable today. ; i Of course, this time Macias will have to wait. This is what a special mis- sion from the Forei~ri Affairs Ministry told him last week. The graup was ~ sent on an ur~ent and di;ficult mission to Bata to explain to the ~ Equ~zL�orial Guinea leader that Spain could not send the airplanes nor pave ~ thc runways aC Bata and rialabo by l,vo~~mber; the date on which the ~ previous cooperarion ~greement exr~ired. Spain t~ow has a P arliament and ! any expenditures are controlled by it. . 6 GOVERNMENT USE ONLY ! APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 C1UV1;ltNMI;N7' IJSI~; UNI,Y The specill v'tsi~ to Cuinea Uy L�he cliplotnaCs led ~he Dcl:cnse Dlinistry Co dust o~~' l:he old plans Cor evacuatin~ Spaniards from the Pormer nolony. Accordin~ to Fotiei~~1 MinisCry sources, Ghere was a very real danger thaC Macias would kidnap the diplomats or take some kind of reprisal agains~ Chc: 50 - odd Spani~rds living there when he learned that LAGE would have to srop.i~s flighCs, because o~ the exis~ing dangersy un~il Spain completely renovated the airplanes and resurfaced the runways at the Bata and Malabo airports. ' PSOE OpposiCian ri'or Che laCter reasons cited~above, Spain's Iberian Air Lines, whose weeEcly fli~;ht to C uinea constituted Che former, colony~s only tie with the WesC, was abou~ to sCop all flights to Guinea in early November. "If we con~inue the fli~hts,~~ a company oft'icial Cold CAMBIO 16, ~~iC is because Che Spanish Government is paying this airline's huge deficit, it is overlooking the unpaid bills lef t by Macias' ministers and they have assured us Chat the runways will be resurfaced.'~ The Forei~n Ministry~s special mission, however, did not tell Macias that the vote in the Chamber o~F Deputies on assistance to Guinea will be very controversial, even though in Che end it will be approved because the UCD /Aemocr.atic C~nter Union/ and the AP ~opular Alliance/ have a majority in Parliament. The PSQE /Spanish SocialisC Workers Party7 a few weeks ago _ was recommending tha~ diplomatic relations with Macias' Guinea be severed "since any aid that Spain might give that country is not helping to improve our relaCions, it will not reach the people and, on the contrary, iC helps ~o maintain a tyrant in power." The socialists are right according to Amnesty International, the HumaY: Rights League and the Council of Churches Ecumenical Council, urganizatio~s _ that are tired of preparing reports on the constant violation of human rights by the Equatorial Guinean dic~ator. This situation has converted the former colony into an extremely poor and deserted country. In the opinion of Guinean writer ponato Ndongo, �~10 years of absolute power by Macias have led to a decrease in cacao production of _ from 50,000 tons Co 3,000, to a decrease in coffee productio n of from 8,000 tons Co 1,000 tons, to the departure o� 160,000 Guineans, to tlie jailin~; of 4, 000 people and to tl~e forced labor of 30, 000 others." Of Che ncarly 400,000 inhabitants the former Spanish colony at ~he end of 1968 (the date it gained its independence), the most optimistic estimates indicate Chat the,combined total of people lef t on the mainland (Rio Muni) and on the island (Fer.nando Poo) is no more than 80,000. "Entire cities on Rio Muni have disappeared,'~ says Jose Maria Odena, another priest who was expelled after 8 years in Guinea, "because the inhabitants have left everythin~ and fled to Gabon and Carrieroon." "Those who have stayed bchincl,~~ aclds physician Sanchez Salvador, "have become Macias' slaves." 7 COVERNMENT USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 , ~ ~dV~ttNhtCN~t' t1sL oNU~' On oth~r ncc~gidn~ ~ta~iaa N~;uem~' ~ mi7.iei.~ have ~xpellLd Ch~ pc:opln. ~~A ye~~~ ~~;n wh~n Dunndi, rh~ clireeenr u~ Ch~: C~ntr~l Bank c~f Guin~a, ate~:mpeed rn f1~o eo Swi.t7~r1~1nd with th~ na~io~t~ revenues," Teodoro del Va11~~ recalls, "Ma~it~~ ,~~ii~d him firse ~nd ehr~n ~x~cu~~d him~ Not ~~tisfi~d, days lar~r hf;~ miliCi~men w~re ~aidin~ ehe tiown wher~ Buendi lived, bui�ning hom~s ~~nd kiliin~ thosr. whn could nne ~~c~p~~~~ Pregn,~ne, Nn Lcss: '!he Gutnenn l~aclet~ nbs~ssion wirh ru].in~ a 1~r~e pnpulatiion has l~d him to ehe fncredible ~xtrcm~s n~ prnm~tin~ prnseiCu~ion amc~ng his p~ople, includin~ ynun~ ~ir1s lt~ and 11 year~ old. ~~5inc~ Ch~ peopl~ ~r~ leavin~," ~~id th~ ruc~nCly Cxpall~d t~aehe~, ~~1ast y~ar h~ said Chat he did not wan~ tn s~~ an,y wnmari nu~r ehe ~~e o� 11 who wa~ noC pr~gnanti. Gove~cnm~nC o~~ici~is ~nd m~mb~rg o~' eh~ ~ans Crib~, Co which th~ pr~sid~nt belongs, have taken advane~~e of rhis staremenr eo have sexual r~laeions wiCh ~ wam~n of the remainin~ Crib~s.~~ rlissionc:ry Jase Maria Odena r~call~ simi].ar ~pis~des. ~~Not long ago,~~ he said, ~~he p:irad~d a group of pregnanC c.�omen through the streets nf SanCa Iyablc~ and on anoCher occasion he said thaC any woman who worked in Che - r;overnment but di~ noC want to geC marri~d was a whore. Male government emplnyees werc ordered Co have s~veral wives so that they could increase thcir numbcr nf children.~~ - I,uis Baguena b~liev~s ehat the radic~l drop in ~griculture production cannot b~ expl~ined witllout keapin~ in mind Ch~ ~xpulsion of th~ Nigerians. ~~When Spain colonized Guinca,~~ he expalined, ~~ther~ was no work force so ~ thaC Ni~erians had to bc hired. In 196$ when Guinea gained its independence, there were on ~ernando Poa 40,000 Nigerians as opposed to 20,000 natives. iNacias, who is no fool, realized that they could organize an uprising so he made life miserable for them until th~y left.~~ , Slave Gan~s ~~'Co r~place Chem,~~ we were told by a Guinean who did not wish to be icicntii ieci, ~~rlacias Nguema converted Guinea into a concentration camp and h~ sent his miliCia and the National Guard to arrest 30,000 Guineans on thc mainland so thaC Chc:y could work as slaves." `~since many oF ~hem di~l not want to leave their homes and wives in Rio Mur?i and move to ~c:rnando Pou to cultivate cacao,~~ Jose Maria Vinas ~ oontinucs, ~~~he Natiorial Cuard arre:~ted aC machine gun point, loaded Chem , uc~ L-rucks arid without allowing them to say goodby to their families they wcre s~~nt to Che island." ~ Sir~cc tt~e c~untry is still bankru~t, the Equatorial Guine~diotator has ~ insLit~~tec1 forced labor so that everyone works in the fields. ~'On certain Jays,'� Jose Maria Odena sCates, "the post office, the telegraph office, ~ the various ministries and even ~olice headquarters are empty because Macias t~as orderc~d the workers inio the fields to clear stubble with machetes.~~ ; _ 3 J GOVERDII~IENT U5E ONLY . , APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 GdVi:Etiv'MI;N'i' t15L UNLY Nnt c:v~n hi~ CLd5n5C dc~V~.5Cr5 ~r~ immun~ ~rnm ehig C~~eaCm~ne~ ~~Wh~n h~ calls a minigt~!r in for a buginesg m~~eing,~~ Jos~ Mari~ Odena C~11~ us, ~~Ch~ ~f~icinl is r~quir~d tn wurlc for ~ hourg on his �arm b~�or~ h~ mades with him. Any minist~r, militury of~icc~r.~ or hi~;h l~v~l goveriunenC offiCial who f~11s ir~m ~raCe has an ~v~n worge tiime of ie bacause 1?fanias, befo~~ hx~~utih~ Ch~rti o~ ~@1~~~ing ~h~m, ha~~ eh~m con[in~d for s~v~ra1 mottths workir?~ withouC pay on one c,f his privat~ �~rm~.t~ Thc ~arbiddun City Nis ~nti-pcdple ~nd anti-midd~.c: c'luss policy h~s ~nra~onfz~d ~v~ryon~~ Macias N~uema, ~ccnrdin~ to ~11 th~ ~ourC~s coil~ulC~d by thi~ ma~azin~, has no �ri~nd~ in ~h~ counCry. ~vpn his own ministers hati~ him and many o~ Chcm ar~ only waitin~ for an opporeuniey eo ~1~~ Cha diet~tor's ~ra~p ds the Minisecr of La~bor rc~cc~nely did when h~ fl~d to Cameroon. , "'Those who h~ve not lasC u bro~h~r, hav~ lost a�riend, Cheir moCher or ~aCh~r or hav~ b~en publinally humilia~ed," a Guinean ~xile who did not wish to b~ id~nCi�ied Cold us Co summa~ize Lhe situation o~ ti~rror and hat~. ~~We liv~:d beeC~r und~r King Mal~bo~s rule 50 y~~r$ ago.~~ ~ "His persnnal guard is composed o� rel~tives trained by Senen Ochoa, one of thc principal Cuban military advisers in Guinea,~' Teodoro dsl Valle told CAMBIO 16, ~~b~caus~ MaCias does'not trust anyone.~' ~~Since he alwnys ~xpecCs tio be atCacked,~~ Manuel Amilibia adds, "h~ has fnrced farmnrs r.o cuC d~wn er~~s alor~~ a 30 meter stretch next to th~ roads he tr~vels on. He has taken all rifles from th~ homQS and h~ has ~lso ~akc~n all wc~pons away fram his oWn militia ahom he does nat trusC.~~ Thc: oddes~ aspect of all o~ Chis is, however, the ~'forbidden city" of Santa Isabel. "Since his �ear of being killed is almost a viceral reaction,~~ says Teodoro del Valle, "he has evacuated two-thirds of the city of Santa Isab~l near the presidential palace and has built a forCress around it. Only Macias and his Fan supporte~s are permitted inside the forbidden city.~~ ` invasion of ~'crnando Poo since an a~tempt has already been made by a~;roup oC fools, Presici~nt Macias has not set foot on the island for 4 years. ~'lli:: homc," continues Teodoro del Valle, " is an enormous bunker that was buit~ in Malambo, his hometown, by Che Spanish ~mpany of Escuder ar~cl Galiana. To reach th~: home from Bata, one must go through 17 police check~~oints and the areas surroundin~ the Palace extending for several kilomeCers a~ound it have been evacuated under proCest." Money ticrp~ in Wardrotx? Macia:;, 5ays ;nissionary Josc Maria Vinas, like .~11 Fans belongs to the Society oE the l.eopard and other similar sects. �'These ind~viduals," he cx~~lains, ~~tend to dress in leopard skins and they use the claws to destroy 9 COVEEtI~IlNENT US~ ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 C~C)Vl~~1tNMt,N'P lJ~h. UNLY ~ - ~h~it~ hwnan vic~imy which arc~ Gh~;7~+t1 f~r ~heir inCell~c~u~l abilSty at ehcir dc~xCcri~y ~nd ~kills~ Unca rh~ir vi@~ims ~r~ du~d ?:h~y ~ati soma of eh~ir orguns in eh~ b~1i~~ eh~t ~h~y thus ~equire Cha vi~tims ~pLri~ ~ ~rtd ttis virtueg." r~~~i;~~ ~1~o k~~ps his w~alth and p~re nf th~ et~~~gury in M~lambo. ~~Sine~ Guinc~ Ct~ntr~~1 Han~c bir~etnr Uutndi ~eG~mp~~~l to �1t~~ Ch~ eounet~y with Lh~ n~C{nn5 r~v~nu~s, th~ Equ~eori~l Guin~andie~aeo~ k~~ps Ch~m in hi~ hom~ wher~ he h~g nrcl~rcd th~G ~il 10d, 5dd and 1,U00 ~ku~l~ bi11~ (tih~ ~kue].~ is wnrGh as much ~s eh~ rc~~C~) b~ y~ne tio his hom~,~~ Manu~l Amilibia ~aid. dnly coins w~re 1~fG ae Che n~nk r~f Guin~a and th~t is why wh~n Spaniards want to Cash ~ ch~ck thay Cak~ s~veral ba~~ along. ~~On most occa~ions,~~ says Ami.tibi~, "he r~tu~~g wieh ~mpty sacks b~caus~ th~ bank, on Macia~' erd~~c~, do~s ~~o~ m~kc p~y~n~nC ~ven though th~ ~ku~1e is no~ worth anythin~ ~u~sid~ eh~ country.~~ ~ Tiierc:for~, to ~void beint; ~obbed by th~ Pr~$ident of Guin~a, many Spaniards living th~re--who dn not ~v~n numbe~ 60 according tio th~2 mosti v~ri~d sourc~s from thae country--pr~fer tio keep their money at home. ~~iberian Airlin~s, for ~xampl~,~~ says FaCher Jos~ Maria Vinas, ~~when w~ le~e GuinQa was be~inning eo r~fuse Ch~cks drawn on the Central Bank and it kept its money in a wardrobe in iCS main off ice.~~ ~'ood BroughC by Colonists ` OE' course th~ Guin~ans do not miss ehe money. After their independence, Macias Ngu~ma prohiUitcd eh~ cbnsumption of ~~food brought by the colonists'~ including milk and brcad .3nd he sug~e~t~d that the penple eat what had been eaten centuries beforps ~~yucca, dogbane and frfed plantains." T h e President does not exactly practice what he preaches and, according r.o T~odoro del Valle, ~~he is adicted to all the vices and food of colonist society, as he calls them, and from time to time he asks Spanish � compaines th3C still mainCain ties with Guinea to buy for him Ro1ex, ~ ~;old pens and the latest European styled suits and shoes.~~ When he visit~d China a year a~o, where he equated Spain aith a shoe," Manuel Amilibia s~id, ~~he ordered Bolo, his official tailor, to make him 24 suits that he could Wear at receptions and official ceremonies.~~ However, thc ban on food introduced by the colonisCS is a real one throu~hout the country. This ban has given rise to a huge black market for r_ssential ~oods. Those who profit f~om thi.s trade are basically the ~;overnment minist~rs and the Spanish businessmen With ties to Macias. ~ r1 bottle oC Tres Cepas coGnac, for example, sells for 60 pesetas in the ~ C:u~ary Islands Whilr in thc former Spanish colony it sells for 5,000 ekueles. ~~'Ch~ salc: of onc of ehese bottles,'~ says Teodoro del Valle, ~~allows a St,ar~ish campany to pay a Cuinean uorker, who earn~ 3,000 ekueles, and still have moncy left over.~' 10 COVEEtI~Il~t~h'T USE ~JLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 ciUVI~kNMi;N7' tf~l; ONGY Thr; 5~?nni~h buf~inc?~ytn~n whn havc~ M,~c:in~?' bic~y~in~s nne ~n1y d~t~y ehae Cti~y 3r~ m.~kin~; inority dn eh~ 61.uGk rnyrk~t~ buC th~y ~1g~ mainenin, ~C l~ast ~om~ of ~h~m, eha~ th~y ur~ f~d up wieh Maei~s ~s w~ll as with eh~ Faraign AfEair~ Minimt~y which has not had fuil dipiomotiic r~lation~ wieh Guin~~ for n yQ~tr~ '~Th~ ForQi~n Aifairs Ministry,~~ Sd~d ~n ~mploy~~ and rQla~ive of ~ne of th~ oWn~rg of ~seud~r ~nd Ca1i~?na, ~~Cddt~y do@s noC provid~ any proCeQeidn for us her@ in Guin~a much l~ss ~'or ~ha ~~p~CriB~ion of our prop~~ty if Ch~e tim~ ~vr~r ~om~~. Macias knowg thi~ ar~d h~ ~~~s~~ us ~bout i~. H@ cdngid~rg u~ ta b~ his b~ys, his s~rv~nr~ whom h~ h~r~ca~~~s ~very chane~ h~ ~~Cs." Th~rc~ ara al~o Ches~ who ~ay th~~ eh~ Equ~torial Guinean df~eator i~ noe short o~ r~~gong sin~~ eh~ 5p~ni.~h Governmene h~~ noe compii~d wieh any of th~ e~nn~mic u~r~~m~nt~ it gigndd with its fnrmer colony. N~v~reh~l~~~, M~cia~ has u very p~culi~r w~y o~ ~illin~ hi~ naCior~~~ coff~rs, whieh ar~ nctually riis personnl prnp~rGy. H~ kidnaps Sp~niard~ and th~n asks for c~ ransom und hc also impo~~~ ~rbitrary fin~s. To date Ch~ Poreign Ministry has donc noChin~ tn curt~i.l eh~sc aCtiviti~~. Navin~ hnd ~nou~h of Maci~s, at ~h~ ~nd of July the lase six missionari~s in Cuin~a ~rrived in ~pain. Amon~ th~m Wa~ Jose Maria Odena. They had b~~n in prison rr~~ks befor~ and th~ir r~ligious order had to pay 4 million ~ku~lcs so Chat ehcy could leave th~ cuunCry. "The char~es which led to our imprisnnment,~~ Jose M~ria dd~n~ says, ~~alleged that we Were Spanish spies and that r,�~ took advancag~ of the naCive~' confessions to obtain Cuinca~s gecr~ts.~~ ' A month earlicr the last ~roup of nun~ wa~ repatriated. In this case Macias' reason ~ar imprisoninp them and as~king for a ransom was that they were spying for Spain under orders from Queen Sofia. The teach~rs sene to Guin~3 by the ~orei~n Ministry under a cooperation program found th~mselv~~ in a similar situatian. Macias, Who saW spies ~veryuhere, ~rould time to Cime suggest t~ his students of "politica~ instruction~~ th~t th~y aatch th~ GE~ChCr5 buC not ~tta~k them. If th~ t~achE~rs w~re caught in some ~rrongdoin~, it was to b~ rEported ro him and hc~ Wnuld be respon~ibl~ fer secinC that ~~justice" Was done. The Wron~doing Which Macias N~~ lookin~ for occurr~d ahen teacher Rafael Gueri attempted to h~lp a U~nish Woman whom Gabones~ authorities had given permission to cnter thrir coun~ry. ~~ThaC is Why,~~ Cueri r~calls, "I Was put in jail for 41 days. ~vcn chfldren Z years old Kere Chrnwn in jail and beaten until thcy died. I aas relea~ed only afcer the Spanish Govercu~enc paid '3 million ekueles." C~lonist~ Namc~s ~ather Josc Maria Vinas ~ound himself in ~ similar situation several years 1r,o. Ne Was throun in j~il, ha told CAMBIO 16, beCause he was baptizin~ 1L c:OV~aNM~h"1' t15~ a~LY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 envrr~rm~rH~~ usr, c~Ni.v n~tivc~ wi~h n~m~g u~ucl t~y Chc c~lnnises~ H~ wou~.d h~v~ Co p~y 1.S ~ku~l~~ to ~U~ain hig r~l~~~g. n~~sin~~~m~.n-~armur Mnnu~1 Amilibia w~~ fin@d, according ~o hi~ ~~ot{y, "b~e~u~~ h~ m~t with en~ nf M~oi~s~ mini~e~r~ wiehaue ~~ie ~lthdu~h he hdd bc!~n uorkin~ ori /Maci~s~ f~rm.~~ How~v~~, ~ f~w month~ ~~o anoCh~r busin~~~m~h raccivcd nn ~vc~a ~~cat~r ~urprig~ when h~ a~s fin~~i 2dU,000 ~ku~l~~ ert hig arriv~i ae ~h~ M~LaUa ~i~pore b~cau~~ he wgs c~,~rryin~; :~hnc~s wr~ppc~d in n n~wypap~~. ~~To M~~ia~' peli~ical polic~," ;z~~ld Chu bu~inc:~~nian wh~ prpf~r~c~d Gn kc~p hig id~ntiity ~ secr~ti, ~~th~ Cnrpus d~l~rti wny th~ newsp~pcr in whi~h Ch~ gho~s a~r~ wr~pp~d b~cause chey saw it ~s clanda~tini~ 5pani~h propggand~ b~ing ~mu~gl~d into th~ counC~y." Elowever, th~ Spaniard~ ~r~ lu~ky b~e~u~a thcy can complain~ Thos~ who c~nnet dn ~o, ~acordin~ to th~ Anti-Maci~7 ~ronti (FAM), are tha 10,000 whn hav~ b~an ki,ll~d or h~v~ disapp~a~ad during the ld-y~ar r~gim~ of th~ Equetdrial Cuine~~n dicCator. The ~AM~s 1at~st r~porC, madc public on 12 O~tober, Che lOth anniv~rsary of Gufn~a's ind~p~~dancc, ~eneain~ ~ li~~ of 53~ p~~ple for Whom there is ~v~ilable Concret~ proof Chat ehey aEr~ tortured and m~rdered by the regim~ of th~ form~:r Spanish Public Works employee, Macias Nquema. AmonG thog~ includ~d on th~ list are 29 ministe~rs and high level officials and the 1G0 ECB prof~~gors, r~porters, doctors and governm~nt uork~r~. 'thiK l~~ds u~ to eon~lud~ that r~pr~ssion primarily has baen aimed at etx~ n~t:ien's bc~:?C Craine~i p~op~e. ~~Th~ ].is~ is noe complcte,~~ says Manuel Amilibia Who liv~d in Guinea for 37 years and�is noW exiled in Spain. ~~My friends Who numbered over 500 ~r~ atl de~d 3hd ttIOSC OE their names do not appear on the FAM list.~~ In addition to everythir?g als~, the document contains 3 frightening sections the names of 37 children and itomen Who were tortured and killed by Macias' militia in reprisal for the all~ged crimes committed by their parents ahom th~ dicCator could not bring to "justice.~~ Beaten to ne;ith 'hi~ .~?ccount is rra~firm~d by the aetitude of a great number of the ~.~iin~an cxil~s in Spain uho r~fused co make any statemenr.s to CAMBIO 16 t~.~caus~~ thc:ir par~nts or brothcrs and sisters Were still in the former S,~.i:iish ~alony ~~cl "yaci~s tirould ur?1~a~N his itrath ~nd insac~i~y or? them.~~ T'~n ~m~l Cam~ ~or thc 10,000 people Whom some sources say died at the hands o~ M:icias not bc~fore a f irin~ squad or by hangi:~g but rather as a resulc ~ of bci~~ beat~n. ~~In Jun~ 1977~~' said Spanish priest Jose Maria Vinas who Wa: expr.lled from Cuinea several months ago, ~~I Was in a Macfas jafl for 5 r~ys. I meC seven palitical prisoners that were near death. Each day r.~c'i one Was beaten SO times with a stick.~~ ~ c,ov~~~rr vsE rnttY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 ~ovr~r~rrrr us~ a?r~.Y "IG is oniy natural," ~ay~ Luis B~gu~nCa, ~~tiha~ in Guinea the p~o~il~ no~ - only die becaus~ th~y ar~ b~a~~n bu~ also be~ause th@y a~~ hun~~y. _ B~cc~uyc~ wieho:~e ~ mi~imum of suppli~y, whieh Macias do~s not hav~, 4,Od~ hri.son~rs cannot ba kapC in ~~?il.~~ I~ih~th~r d~~th results fmm beatin~s or starva~ion, ~h~ killings in Guin~~ ar~ not a thir~~ of Che pase. On 12 O~~ob~r Macias N~uema ordered 32 C~ineans ~x~outQd to commemorae~ the lOth anniv~rsary of Chati country's ind~~endanec. Amonr ~hos~ who wE~~ ki.ll~d, according Go CAMBIO ].6~s sdurces, w~r~ Nationnl Guard Lt Jos~ Moro, form~r chief of the San Carlos (nnw Luba) military ourposC ~nd ~~port~r Sev~ro Motio who studied ati the Church of Madrid~s School of Journalism. ~ ThosR Who it~main 'Chin~y b~in~ as th~y ar~, it is noe unusual that a f~w mon~hs ago th~ ~'SOE ask~d on~ of itis deputi~s, Manu~l Marin eo b~ exact, Go co nduce a thotou~h inv~sti~aCion of the Guin~a probl~m so thae ehe sub~~ct eould~ be discussed in th~ Chamb~r of b~puti~s. Th~ government, which initially a~k~d Chat the m~eter be discussed b~hind closed doo~s " because of the possible r~pri~als u~ainse Spanigh citix~ns still in the former colony," f inally mana~~d ~a avoid a d~bat~ by i.~?v~kir~g ~~reasons of state.'~ Thc deons of 5pain~s dit~lomatic service fe1C that action of this nature by Spa~in could br inGerpr~ted by Ch~ young African nations, that are ~ sensitive abouC th~ former ~uropean colonialist powers, as a form of a~Cre~sion by Spain againsti a former colony, and it could undermine the gains made by Sp~in at thg Khartoum Summit with re~pect to Spanish control ov~r thc Canary Isic~nds. Despite everything, the opposition is poised and ready to fight because Che PSOE favors a radical curtailment of aid to Macias. ~~Everything that r~aches Gufnea,~~ says raacher Teodoro del Valle, ~~becomes Macias personal prop~rty. The Chin~s~ and tiussian food has m a d e its Way to Gabon and Cameroon in exchan~e for foreign currency. Teaching mat~rials donated by Spain huve found their aay to the ministers librarfes or are sold to Chr. public in stores owned by the President. The medicines donated by the Cnn~o, Lybia, Zairc and Spain havE becom~ the object of speculation by rnini~tcrs and othcr high Covcrnment officials." "Ntiil r_ hunCcc anci dis~as~ arc Caking thcir toll of the population,~~ c:Ot1C1U~1r.3 TCOdOrO dc:l V~ttr, the ~amma globulin donatcd by the European cnuntri~~ is sdtd fnr 2,OOd c:kucles on Fernando Poo and only on someone's r~COmmr.ndation.~' I,t Col. Luis Ba~uena also docs not understand. '~A month after we left Guinea, Mactias askrd for money to pay the National Guard and ue asked him to provide us with 3 bud~et.~~ 13 COVERMr1ENT U5E O~iLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 ti11VI,ItNMI~N'I' ll~~l: t~Nl,1' A~cnrdin~ tn Ch~� sourC~:~ conyule~d by CAMnIO 16, th~~~ axu no mr~r~ ehan 5U Spc~niards s~i1L leC~ on th~ �o~mc~r ~niony ~nd Chi.~ ~.nclud~s iberi~'s m~~in~~nanc~ cr~w~ ~nd th~ work~rg of ~h~ Egcud~r y Gali~n~,.Mallo, Tok, ~'1cit~~~, Sampalca, Cab1ni11a~ and S~n C~iseobal c~mp~ni~~, Gh~ only on~s ~ lefe in Guinen~ ~~I ~cc~~.1y do not know,~~ ~onclud~~ ~ather .~os~ M~ri.~ Od~n~, ~'why w~ a~~ ~C111 eher~. Unl~~s w~ have b~~n ord~r~d by tih~ Am~ri.can~ ro stay Chn~~ Co otf~~t eh~ communi~t influenc~ o~ tih~ Cuban~, Soviety~and ~ Chin~se ' COYYtiICHTs 1~7$ CAMgIO 16 8 S') ~ CSdt 4410 1!~ - . COVEit~v'~ffiNT USE 0`LY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 I~~~tt ~~i~i~ Ic.tnl, ti;~i~; nNt,Y Gt~ANA BRICFS GHANAIAN--B ~ITIS~1 TRADC..-.~rr~de betwe~n Gh~na attd Bri~~in �or ~ha t~rs~ ~hre~ qu~rter~ o~ 1q~8 c~?m~ tio ~.73� ~ m31.13.on pound~. Bri- ~~in bou~h~ 9'l.3 m3.113.on pounds worth o� goods �rom GhanA~ and ~~ld Ghung $x.4 m3~.lion wortih, thus putti3ng Ghan~ 1.0,9 mi113.on in bhe b1~ck. Cacao h~~ded the li~t o~ ~ritain~~ buys ab 77.8 million pounds wor~h. Ghana's purch~aes from Br3b~3.n consis- ~~:d primaril.y o~ m~ch~n~ry nnd tir~nsport equ~.pment (~42. x m3l~ion puund~ wortih~ ls.$ million oF ~3na~ for h3ghway vQhicles), sp~- ci~lized machin~s (10.g million) and miscellaneous otiher equ3.p- m~nt (3.1 m31~.3.on). ~Toxti] [p~ris MARCHES TROPICAUX ET MEDITER- RANEENS 3n French D~c p 33~x~ 6182 C50: 4400 ~ 15 rVlt ttrFZCIr11. t.'SE cl\LY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 I~c)It UI~'1~ 1 G I AI. U;~I: 11NI,Y GUtN~A ~ SiCEP~'ICISM ON TOUR~ OVER'~URE3 IN TH~ WAKE OF PARTY CONGRESS pari~ ~~t1N~ A~i2iQtJ~ in ~'Y~nch No 935~ 6 L~c 78 pp 110-112 Inrticle by Sennen Andriamirado: "Thare~Nas Seen No Ovarture"~ IExcerptg] No surprise in the 11th Congress of the Demccratic Party af Guinea. The r2gime continuas as is. Rap~rochement with France is confirmed. "Whe~n a person i~ a dictator, h~, continu~s to be one." This terribl~ of- statement was made by an African head of state after the PDG ~Demo- cratic Party of Guinea~ congress, which closed in Conakry on 22 November 1978. One of several ways of noting the timidity characterizinq Presidan~ Ahmed Sekou Toure's decisions with reqard to political prisoners. if there wer~ any r~eleases, they were accomplishec~ under cover, secretily, ati random stops by thos~ military trucks that were said to have released a few name- less prisoners on the streets of Conaksy at niqht. About 60, accordinq to somQ sourcest about 20, accordinq to otihers. ' Nevertheless, that PDG congress had given rise to hopes. Scheduled for ~ S~ptember and postponed until November (from 17 to 22 November), it co- ~ fncided this year with the celebra*.ion of a memory: the attack by Portu- qu~se merc~naries and Guine$n oppositioe members agafnst Conakry, on one certain 22 November 1970. Especiaily the diplomatic overture initiate8 by Ahmed Sekou Toure on 18 March 1978, at Monrqvia, on occasion of his ' sp~ctacular reconciliation witYi his peers Leopold Sedar Senghor (Seneqal) ~ and ~elix Nouphouet-Boigny (ivory Coast) should find its cons8cration, this tinxa, f~i a liberstixation of the regime, accordinq to assurances. ; SeEore the conqress, gome friends, men i.n the confidence of Presifl~nt Se- ~ kou Zbure, told us: "You npwsmen are the ones who brinq up a bit of scan- dal rach time and thus prevent Sekou from takinq positive decisionsl By degcribinq him as a dictator, you enclose him in a trap. Sekou,lbure is not a man to bend before the wishes of newsmen." Others addeds "You shall ` see. 5ekou Toure cannot make decisions all by himself. He has pronounced ' condemnatio~ by associating the peopls and the party in them. He can 1G ~OR t~r F:C t~~. L'S� d\;.Y . APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 ~o~ n~~t~�ICIAL USC ONLY pronounce ~unn~~ricg only by s~~ociating th~ p~ople ~nd ~ha p~rtiy in ~h~m. 't'hQ 11 th pUr, Congr~~g wi 11 b~ eh~ o~pe~~euni ~y fc+r th~t App~ ~t1y ~ th~ apportunity w~s ?ni~sed. 'rhe most spec~acular deeisions did nox ~ven atren~~th- ~n the diplomatic overtiur~, witih th~ ~xeep~3on of s~me kind wor8g for Frar~c~a who~~ pr~gid~nti w111 b~ in Conakry from 18 ~0 23 Dec~mber. Moreovez, tih~ 11th PDG Congre~s pl~ased the Guinean presifl~nt's datiraetiore mar~ tih~n it rcasgured hi~ old f~~i~ndg. ~v~n tihe ~'oreign ~b8ervers h~d to b~ g~tisfied with bging given an ovati.on in the 28 Saptamber S~adium, in Conakry. ~dgard ~'aur~~ th~ p~r~onal ~nvoy of the French head of gtatie, wss honor~d by ~he accolad~ of Pregid~nt Sekou Toure, hut he could a@e in hig hogt only the "in�laxibl~ h~ro" of tha first yaars of independence. Andrew Young, who was ~ent by ehg Amarican preeident, left Washington on 19 Novembar, according to th~ White Nouse communique, "ro representi nig counery in the f~gtivities marking th~ 20th ~nniversary of Guinea'8 in- d~p~nd~nc~." Whi1~, officially, thg Conakry f~stivities were the "com- memorativ~ ~xpr~sgions of the great victory of the peopie ove;c the act of imp~rialige and PoreuguesQ aggregsion on 22 November 1970." American c~igcretion or diplomatic blund~r, tha~ kind of incongruity in concern seems to limit still more the underst~ndfng that may be had abroad of President S~kou 'Toure'~ "diplomatic of~ensive." COpYRIGtiT: J~ut~e Af:.~tque GI2UPJIA 1978 10,042 CSO: 44b0 17 ~~71t t'.:'F:Ct~?. L',L' A~~Y APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 FOtt O~~ICIAL U5~ ONLY ; i ~ GUINEA-BISSA[1 ~ ~ ~ PnPULAit APATHY, ' ~OUFtG~0I5' 'I'END~NCI~S MAtt DEV~LOP(~4ENT Paris ~EUN~ A~RSQt1E in Fr~nch No 935~ 6 Dec 78 pp 109, 110 (Artiiale by Francois Soudan: "Old Wounds"~ ' (Text~ The success o� the socialist experiment in the land of Lufs Cabral does not rule out divisions. The resumption of activity by the arnted opposition has come a~ong to emphasize this. ' On Saturday 18 November, while leafing through the few pages of the the daily nawapeper NO PiNTCFIA, officials and membexs of the PAIGC (Africar? Independenre party of Guinea and CapP Verdej had the impression of re- living a bad dream. A communique issued by the political bureau of the party announced,.in fact, that for the first tiime since 1976, violent con- � frontations had just put FARP ~People's Armed Revolutionazy Forces) soldfers face to face with "groups of armed rebels" fn the Bissalanca region, not fr~r from Bissau. it is true that these uncontrolled elements, for the most part former Gui- nean auxiliaries of the Portuguese Arn?y who had been re-forminq secre~ly in ' ~authwest~rn Senegal since 1974 and who were violently hostile to the PAIGC, h~d attempted frequent raids just to the beginning of 1976. Since then, following the agreements entered upon between Dakar and Bissau, it was believed that Seneqal had put an end to their activities. T'he Sene- qalese Army had even arrested almost 300 of those opponents and FLING (Front for th~ Struqqle for the National Independence of Guinea) (a rival nationalist ~iberation front of the PAiGC) had to close its~offices in Dakar and dismantle its traininq camps on the border. "Angoleniz~tion" in E~ct~ the reqion of the Casamance R~ver, between 2iguinchor ar~d Kolda, ~ in southern Seneqal,where several hundred of the 20,000 Guinean auxiliaries had taken refuge, is difficult to control, because it is covered with bush ~ 18 FOR G~'FZCIAc. i.tS~ 0\LY ~ ~ _ - 's APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 ~'OCt U~'~YCTAL US~ ONLY th~t is v~ry dansn ~e tiim~a. There~~r~, sm~~ll group~ oE diehdrds w~rQ ablo ro fnrm up again and tn m~ake r.~ids ~yain, ~t~fir.i:inr~ in S~ptietnbc~r 1978, bgains~ tha border pnstis hold by th~ FAEtP. The prublem of rehabilita~inq the soldiars uaed by the colonial ~rmy is also one of th~ mosti critical obs~acles thati the young republic has had to ~~,~k~~~ After disarming them, tihe Guinean authori~ies have preferred, up to now, to orqanize tihem and to incarporatie th~m "under supervision" in economic acti- viey by meang of agricultural production coopera~ives. Undoubtedly the ~AiGC has some reasons for bQing on its guard. The miscarried attemp~ at a military coup d'etiat on 11 March 1975 aga3nst President LUis Cabral (in coordtnation with tihe attempt by Gen Antionio de Spinola, in Portugual) w~s instigated by African former noncommiss3oned officers of the elite com- mandos of Che colonial army. ~ 'rhen, is Guinea-Bissau going tio be talke9 abou~ again in terms of insecur3tiy ru?d underground movemc3nts? Can it be that this small country with 560,000 inhabitants is slowly in ~he process of becoming "Angolaniz~d"? For sev- aral years now, we had become so accustomed to seeing, in those 36,000 square kilometers of islands, of tall grass and of intermingled swamps the site of an experimenti, of an original model of socialist developmant, fas- cinating and reRSSUring, that thQ du11 crackling of �3rearms produces some- wh~t the effect of a cold shower. But there is no country free from con- flicts and divisions. Why would Guin~a-Bissau not follow the rule? At this yearend and in spiee of these border skirmishes, Bissau is calm. So calm ~ven tihat ~ pronounc~d feelinq of boredom fSoats along the broad mango-lined avenues. Everything seems to be plunged in lethargy. This prolonged slumber of the 60,U00 inhabitants of the capital stems, however, from a sfmple explanation: passive resistance. That is the second problem up against which the PAIGC leaders have been runninq for the last 4 years. Although it is, in fact, true that, before 19 Octiober 1974, the party con- trolled almost three-fouxths of the country, it was vQry far from having mobilized the majority of the urban population. W~it-and-See Polfcy Marked as much by the severe repression of the Portuguese as by the status of "assisted" to which they were reduced by the economic repercussions of thc presence of the colonial army, the inhabit~nts of Bissau, just like the inhabitants of Bula or Bafata, have taken refuge in a complete wait-and- see policy, mixed with fear and distrust. This reticence is less evident at present than i?ranediately after independence. But it is still there and the PAIGC which, fortunately, has not chosen a violent solution of the conflicts is counting greatly on the tireless activity of its rank-and- file committees (the Tabancas) to succeed in overcoming them. 'i'here is also a complementary explanation for the wait-and-see policy of thc city-dwellers: the ties uniting the lower middle class in the cities 19 ~ok ,,?�r:Ci:~~. ~t~~ ~z~;.Y APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 rdTt 0~'C~CIAt, USL ONLY , ~o tihe PAIGC leaders mos~ of whom hav~ come from the same s~rial class. 5ome persons within thQ par~y are beginning to criticix~ this new leader- ahip caste, born of a mArger oE tihese ~wo c~roups. ~ buring the 'I'hird pAIGC Congress, in November 1977, the hardcore of the ~ar~y attacke d the "new masters." A delegate pofnted out that the watch- wnrd published as a l~rge headlin~ in NO PSNTCHA for 2S November 1975 "When a leade r begins to think about ensuring his future, he has lost his rQVOlutionary spirit" had hardly been followed actually. t)E course, Luis Cabral drives his black Peugeo~-504 himself and ~he minis- t~r~ ~ar.n officially only the equivalent of 2,500 French francs (125,000 CF'A (A�rican I'inancial Community) francs a mon~h, but there are many who bQlieve that ~11 the PA2GC cadres are far from being above all suspicion. The most violent critiicisms are expressed within the party's youth move- ' ment. Ttie Amilcar Cabral African Youth (JAAC) does not hesitate to s~ate ` that the middle class in office has found its "natural trends" again by opening up the country to the West economically and politically. The ~ ~ bete noire of' these young dissidents, Francisco Mendes, principal com- ; missioner (prime minister), was killed in an automobile accident on 7 July 1978. 'rhe members of the JAAC hope that his successor, Joao Bernado Vieira, fresh from a Cuban military academy, will know how to change the direction ' of what they call the "rightist course" of Guinea's policy. In fact, it does not seem likely that the hopes of these radicals can be ~ matierialized.~ An important turn was taken in 1977, when Guinea-Bissau , called for in ternational aid to relieve the dramatic effects of the Sahel drought. tiinety percent of this aid came from the West, especially from the Scandinavian countries and from the United States. Since then, there ~ has been a succession of Western and Arab investments. France, the United ; States, Brazi 1, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Portugal (140 Portuguese cooperation personnel are working in Guinea-Bissau) are participating in the country's reconstruction. Rural Population Support ~ The PAIGC leaders are counting greatly on the suppo?-t of the rural masses for the success of their experiment. Their success~ul achievements are un- i deniable in the field of rural development. For the first time since inde- ` pendence, Guinea-Bissau has met its rice needs. ~ i Armed opposition, int~rnal conflicts, wait-and-see policy of the city- ' dwellers: accordingly, Guinea-Bissau is not free from problems. Even ~ if the picture of a pilot laboratory and'of a courageous cooperative so- I ciety often drawn of this small country in the extreme west of Africa has ~ to suffer from this. ~ ~ COPYRICf(T: .Teune Afrique GRUPJIA 1978 ~ 10,042 (:50: 4400 20 ' FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY ~ ; ; - APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 . I~OIt O1~I~'ICIAL US~ ONLY MADAGA5C~lt � IIRI~I~5 U551t AIRPLANES--Anrananarivo, 26 Dec (REUTER)--TARATRA, the Malagasy informa- ' tion agency, reported on Tuesday that two "AnConov 12" cargo planes arrived � at Antan~narivo-Ivato InCernational Airport and tliat the planes will be placed ~t the disposal oE Malagasy ~fficials for 1 year, The agency staCed Chat each oE these planes can transport 12 tons of inerchandise. Observers believe thar the planes may primarily be used to relieve the crowding at the autonomous port oF Tamat~nve, the country's most important commerciaJ porC, where over 4,000 tons oE merchandise are reportedly waiCing Co be ' distributed. A"Yak 40" airplane, a Soviet gift to Malagasy President Didier RaCsiraka, was~ expecCed to arrive in Madagascar on Tuesday afternoon. [TextJ [I.ondon R~UTER in T~'rench 1340 GMT 26 Dec 78 PA] C50: 4400 21 - ; FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 ~ ' I~UIi ~11~'P' LG I AI~ ll;it. t1NI~Y i i ! MOZAM~IQUE ; ~ , ; gRI~i~S ~ ~ :Ly7~) 5(JGAk YItOnUC'r~ON pEtOSpEC~5-�-Mr Antion~.o Alme3.d~ M~ttos~ Mozam- biqun C~~.Y'CC~Ot' oC t~radc~~ s~y~ bha~~ th~ ou~look For h~.s r.oun~ry's ~u~~r crop ~.s bd~~c~r �o~ ig7~ ~h~n was ~or ig78. production quc~~~s for ~h~ currenti y~~r h~v~ be~n m~~ for ~~11 reE3nari~s ~xcept for Sene Sugar which would ind3c~b~ t;hat tih~y w3.11 be meb ~or 1979 ~?s wo1~. This means ~h~t Mozam- biquo w3.11 bQ ~b~.e bo boos~ 3.ts expor~~ tio nround 1.00~ 000 ton~. : The: 197$ pl~n quoti~? of 85~ OUO bans was no~ met~ since the Marrn- meu ~nd Sen~ Sub~r plant;s s~~od 3.dI~. [T~xt] [Pa~i~ MARCHES ml20PICAUX ~T MEDZT~RRANEENS 3n Fr~nch 1 Dec 7$ p 3336] 6182 CSU: 44Q0 ~ 4 ? , FOIt bt~'FLCIAI. t:5E ~`'LY ~ ' - ~ ~ , APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 . ~roK r~r~'iC t~1L U56 ~NLY 3 ENEGAt, OPPOSITION LEAD ~'R itAP5 SENGH(~R GOiI~RNMENT E~arig A~RIQUE-ASI~ in Fr~nch 11-24 D~c 7~ pp i9-22 ~ [int~rvi~a wieh S~n~g~~~ge Upmocrneie PnrCy leader Abdoul~ye Wade by Sam ~~sono~ (T~xt) [Quegtion] Th~ gituatidn pr~v~iling in your count~y, both on th~ economie end ~ha politie~l 1eve1, ie ~~ourc~ of eom~ concern for a11 S~n~galpse. Can you ~ive us your party'~ viea of thi~ aituacion? [An~uer] Thp eronomic and finenCi81 ~iruatihn of Senegel ig hardl~r bril- linne.- Already in 19~~-19~8, tr~asury difficu]ti~~ had c~uged th~ ~overn- ~ m~nt to block 20 p~rc~ent of tl~~ ~quipm~nt credit allocation ro each mini~try. Y~u cen ime~ine the repereus~~on~ on th~ functioning of public departmen~s. While the trad~ balance d~ficiC wn~ 25 billion in 1975 and 40 billion in I976~ it r~ached th~ rECOrd figure of 80 billion CFA �Ygncs thie year. As to che bnl~nc~ of peymcnts, the d~ficit was about 27 billion in 1977 and a Eigure nf ab~ut 60 bi~lion is rxpe~ted for 19~8. On the domestic level, We note a ve ry cl~ar ~rend toWard a drop in the grog~ national praduct, nbove a11 in the fnrm gector, and inflation ahich is a ~ource of concern in vieW of the ~eg~ frepzc~. All nf this. as you can in~gine. m~kas thr lif~ of the unrker~ nnd thc labaring masses difficult. Under thr~e condieinns, it i~ rn$y to under~t~nd ahy the budget presented tn u~ ghc~wg s~ ls~ck of sinc~rfty. Out ~f en rstimated equipment budget of 35 billinn francs, only 2 billidn w~r~ nllocated as An operations bud~~t. ~nd che cnunLry hnd to horroa ~3 billion---practically a11 td pay d~bt~, for of this sum, only S billion repregent ne~+ expenditure~. To this mugt be added n foreign indebtedne~g of 186 billion franca and fisral pressure d f n lmc~s c 20 perc~ent. A~ to the mr~gurrg desi~ned to' improvc the treas~~ry positian, not anly ~~e they unpapular but thcy are but a drop in a giant bucket: At moat they Would ytr1J three and n halE billion in a year Whilp the treasury needs 23 F'dlt i,r:~ tCtAt. Us~ ~~NI.Y APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 1~C~It c)H'f'It'~~11~ tl!{t~'. t1NL�r ~i.~ biliien ~v~ry mnn~h tn ~~~ty ~f1VpYft61@ft~ pmpi~y~~~, itg r~pr~~~ne~~~:v~~ ~.n eh~ pnr~~tate gp~tUt'~ ~nd obiig~ti~n~ f~l~ing du~. Th~ caner~dice~an i~ ih faGe in~elublg, binc~, e~kin~ other r~~aurc~~ inta ~ccoune, Eh~ m~nehly defieit ~~11~ 1ite1~ ~hd~E aE ~ billic~n ~nd ~ h~lf. ~n th~ haiitiagl i~v~i, ie ig noe ~x~g~~r~tiun ~ith~r eo s~y thgt th~ p~rty fn pda~r, th~ PS C3oeidli~e PerEyj i~ in d~clin~, ~nd i~ ~uppore~d Boieiy by eh~ p@r~en~lity af 5~n~ha~. Th~ eri~i~ ie ~xp~ri~ne~ng v~ry pr~found ~nd i~ i1lu~trat~d by th~ axpui~ion aE ~~b~e~r the form~r min~~e~r of ~in~n~~,~Who i~ ~h~rg~d with b~ing th~ e~u~~ of Eh~ pr~~@ne difficule~~~. `~n ~pedk th~ Eru~h, i~ i~ ~ m~ee~r af ~cho~~ of eh~ ~eruggi~ ~~~~nge eh~ ep- pa~itien~ in whieh B~b~c~r aa~ ~h~ m~in eooi, for wieh eh~ ~uppore of hi~ p~rey, h~ w~~ ~uppa~ed fo u~~ th~ ~t~c~ budg~t ~o eomUae u~. Th~r~ W~r~ thre~ sta~eg in thig g~ruggle. In 19~6, in an effore ~o haulz eh~ expansion ~E nur par~y ~nd pr~vene u~ Eram hoiding our f~Ctl~ COflg~~E99 ~n Kaol~ck~ th~ ~5 w~~~d a~o-e~li~d eamp~i~n ~f demoli~hm~nt Whieh eoee, iE i~ gaid, tw~ billidn francs. tn Ehf~ ~~nfl~ction, ~he ~p~e~ d~voe~d by eh~ only n~tion~i d~lly, th~ n~wgpap~r LE S~L~iL, eo chi,~ op~r~eion, wili r@m~in in ~li our m~meri~,~ for~ver. 'Th~n eh~ ~l~~tten~ a~r~ h@id, which co~t, on~ ~ugp~c~g, a~r~~t d~~l of mon~y. gut b~far~ th~t, th~ PS had ea purgu~ a~nodaill poiicy d~9ign~d to cr~ae~, o~ut of Whal~ ~rlaeh, c~ pe~lfitie~l-bu~ir~e~~ "baur~e~tsi~" $upp~ortin~ ~t~i~;: ~r~- , ~tm~e. An irony of fate--aith thp elections over, sotne of thos~ aho profited fr~m the ~ib~rei~gm ~f Babncer 8a to pur~ha~8 ~xp~n9ive bui~din~s dr v~h3c1~8 ~re ncn+ bein~ pucguad by thp e~u minigter of finance. Ic~~~c~tidn~ 11ov~ver~ thi~ ~conomic ~it~atfon has de~per caug~s. `ihat in your .virw er~ th~y? ~ (11nba~r~ dbvieugly, ehr p5 Wi11 t~11 you thst th~ droughE i~ the rause of ? all thca~ ills. tndc~d. it may hgve ptay~d a certain rol~, but a large part ~f chc c~gpon~ibility ther~in falig to a g~vernmeet wh~ch, ~fter ind~pendeece, n~vrr h~d a prpcisr nvervi~+ of our ecunomy, its po~~ntial ~nd the difficul- ti~~ t~hich might po~gibly ~pp~er 4n ic~ path. tn our pnrty's program, priority i~ given to an agricultural plan aith the dcvelopment of crdps degi~ned ~o ~chicve gelf-suffici~ncy in foodstuff~ r~~?idly. This presumes a Weter pali~y on ~ national 1eve1. If such an ~ c~rirntdtfan hnd been purgu~d, ae Would have been less dependent fnr food on foreign countrie~ today and thp eff~ctg of the drought vould have been le~~ hdr~h. 1'~~ thi:~ must be add~d the errora in planning. Can you iioagi~e th~t our de- v~tnpmrnt pi~~~ are implemented SO percent~ and in addition, their financing f~ rxtremcly preblrmaticgl. because it depends. to an av~rag~ extent of ~Im~�t 80 percent, on foreign funds, and thus on parameters beyond our con- tr~i. 24 :OR tlr`Nll.:~11. ilS~ i)~:L~' APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 1'~ri V~il' LULfW t1~7~ ol\L~ I knew v~ry w~l1 ~h~~ ~ numb~r d~ Afrl~at~ ~auheri~r~ ~r~ pur~uing mnr~e d~ 1~~~ ehi~ ~~m~ p~~h. 13u~ ~ dd ndt ghnr~ thi~ vi~ion ~f dav~iapm~n~. R~eh~r W~ ~r~ ~~~kin~ b~i~nr.~a :~ueh th~t b~~u~~n ~aad p~edu~~ian ~ad ~an~umpeian, i~d~n~ntipfl~~ in ehc fnuci ~rCthr ~or fr~mitie~, vili~~e~, end r~gien~, pradue- tiun hF nur h~u~in~ ut~h In~nt rr~aurC~~, ln~~rnd ef impor~ing ~v~ryEhin~ ~nd e~~king e~ r~buiid ~urc~p~ in Afrie~. bbviau~iy, ~il ~f ~hi~ ~ra~uumn~~ tnu~h ind~p~n~f+~n~~ ef ~~iri~ ~nd ~ r~vi~iafl th@ v~lu~ ~e~ira~. `Cu erhi~v~ ~ur geh1, ~h~ mu~t ~i~o ~p~~k eE i~?dEIEE. Yeu ~~n h~v~ na id~~ it~ ~~~p~ ~in~~ ~t1t~~~~+fltl~fl~~ a~g achi~v~d: Unr~~li~tie pra~~ce~ ~bure~d, gwindi~~ d~ ~v~ry kiad--aniy p~~~ibi~ eh~nk~ eo iftCAfip@E@flC~ ~fld ~ftt~S.~~@t`= ~nJ ~~?ilugidn aieh ~h~dy bu~in~g~m~n. Thi~ w~~E~ h~~ ec~~e u~ v@ry dp~r, nde eo m~ntion th~t it hag i~d ~o eh~ di~illu~ionm~ne of eh@ p~opl~ aha d~iiy rpc~iv~ prdmi~~~ ~f ~ob~ ~hd aha th~t neEhing cam@g af it. 'I'hu~ th~ r~gpon~ibili~y ~f th~ gnv~rnment ii@e at th~ b~~~ of eh~ Bituaei~n. ~i~~r~ ~c~ eaun~rip~ uhich h~v@ ~xppri~nc~d v~~eH@r probl~m~ comp~rabl~ E~ ~hng~ in S~en~g~l but eh~c h~g nc~e pr~v~nE~ed Eh~m from man~~ing v~ll, from b~ing Eere~ighe@d ~nd ~dvenein~ a1~ng the path of d~v~lopm@nt. [Que~tiun~ W~uid yau agr~~ vieh u~ Ehet in ord~r eo ~~h~ev~ thig, ~he e~untri~g in qu~g~ion med~ a ci~~r poli~icnl choic@, con~.i~tent With their n~tionai int~r~~~~? (A~~w~rt~ Y~r~~ ~ politie~i ehoi~c whf~h m~an~ ~fr$c o~ all r~lying on on~- ~hlf. N~ in ch~ PbS (S~n~~~i~g~ Dert~cratic Parry) have ebaolut~ly no in~en- tion eE bngin~ the develaprt~~t at our country on foreign aid, or what ha$ e~m~ tc~ b~ ~ell~d that. i nm ~rrtatnty not pr~~~hin~ n~tt~n~i ~eif-sufficiency, but 2 believe ~hae tt ig nec~~gary to co~t dn guch p~t~man~nt res~urc~s aa th~ l~bor force and, aiore g~nrrAlly, ldcel hum~n end ~thpr resourc~~. ~Quextion~ Nhcn it comes te the World ~ector, your party has sincp its ~~tablishment bF~n oriented in particular toWard the pensants. Yet your program rellg fc?r the EliminAtinn c:' ,,,b.::,.~~iion 8uch as th~ ONCAD [Nntional Offic~ nf Coopecation ~nd A~gist~nce for Developmeet). (Ansaer) Prom thc~ vic~+poinc nf the gov~rnment in 1960, the OCA, uhich b~e~me tf~~~ l~CAS~ At1d thhn ehe ANCJ?D, Wns surpos~d to take eh~ plgc~ of ~uch tr~ding rompnnir~ na chr SQOA [Wegt Africnn Trading Company~ or the CFAO ~French Cdmm~ny ot iJext Afrirnl to ~;u~rantee the digtribution of g~ain and thus ob- tnin thr profita formerly earned by thp old colonial companieb. Th~ con- rcpt of tl~e ofEic~ tl~us wag the re~ult of s~etaingly correct reasoning, but nnly x~cmtn~ly xo. 71u prtnr_ipnl critt~ixw wc wnuld m~k~ of ~h~ ONCAD ig that it ha~ b~come a ~echr~nism for e~l~iting the pet+sants. This body purchages peanute fro4 the pc~~sants ~t a vrry lov price in comparison to the world market, resells them and porkets tremendoug profits. which ~nables it to have a larger 25 F~k C:?'b'~f:srlL ifSE O:iLY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 1'~)I~ ~~~~I~ i~:+Ylls I~ot11 (~~\i~t t~ud~et ~hdn th~ ~tdt~ in ~odd h~~~v~~t y~dr~. 'rhi~ ~rpdil-, innt~ad cif ~~rvth~ d~ ~ ~un~ ~h~ ~t~bili~ing ~~a,~en~ in~d~~, ~a~~ i~ta ~h~e ~~nr~r~1 budg~E to p~y ~empiayer~. ~n eh~ fin~i ~n~ly~i~, ~ f~v~rabi~ in~~rn~~ianai pri~~ n~vcr b~n~~'it~ th~ p~~~aae bue th~ ~~v~rnmene ~mp1~y~~, far ehi~ v~st m.~ehth~ ~ropia~~ ~ multieude ~f ~~~ibbi~r~ paid 12 month~ ~f th~ y~~r, whii~ th~ p~~~nn~ @~rng hi~ fn~am~ aniy an~~ ~ ye~r, ~t h~cv~~e eim~. ~e w~g fl~e unEii 1~~E ~~ar, ~~~gui~ af ~ vi~ui~~e ~~t~p~i$~ W~$~d 6y eh~ PDS, eh~e the pri~~ ta th~ produ~hr in~r~d~~d. Thus th~ aNCAn i~ ~ m~~h~ni~m fnr ~xpioi~~fian ~nd ~rangf~r fr~fi on~ ~eci~i ~.~t~~hry ea anoth~er. What we w~n~ i~ ea r~~urn eo eh~ (l~~~dftE ~h~ pr~d~i~e of 1~ig lnhar. 'Mi~e ~limindtion df eh~ aNG1?D unuid b~ ~ brut~l m~ehad, ~nd in re,~lity th~cp i~ ne ryu~~ti~n ef eiiminueihn p~r~ ~nd ~impi~. id~ aauid ree~in tt~ tun~tian E~n nid ee eh~ p~a~dnery nnd Wauid ~l~o d~v~lop itg ral~ i~i thr dtKeributic~n ~~aEOr. tn faet, th~ pri~ce~ af can~um~r $o~ad~ in eh~ ine~riar ~r~ ~oo hi~h. Th~ cdgt d~ ~ g~~k o~ eem~n~ ~i~~t doubi~~ b~eew~~n D~ker and M~~~m or ~~k~i. k'~ ehink thdt in ehi~ ~onn~~eien ~h~ ONCAD ha~ a rai~ to piay, and eons~- ~uently, c~rtain fun~ei~ng af ehig b~dy ~ri~1 b~ r~tain~d ar ind~~d d~v~lop~d. Par~11~t vith thig, a~ mug~ algo pi~e~ ~er~~~ on th~ c~op~r~eiv~g, ~hich exfst et pr~g~nt oniy ie n~~~, pueein~ ~n end, nacur~iiy, to ~h~ p~incipl~ vf ,~oint lidbiiity fdr d~bts, Which i~ ~u~h tad~y that i� a peas~nt �a~l~ to r+epay adv~ne~g ed eh~ gt~e~, eh~ ~ntir~ e~op~rativ~ i~ r~quir~d to pay far him. Now tho~~ aith the h~avip~t d~ebts ~re u~ually the p~litic~l offici~l~ wha c~nnot be touched, vhu borrou and mak~ the p~agant~ pay for th~m. (+~ue~t~dh~ L~t u~ reeurn fa~ n mdro~ne ta th~ mor~ pr~gg3ng prdbl~m. Aft~r tt~c trangport work~rg' g~rike which eampi~tely paralyxcd th+~ councry for 74 hr,urg, hov dn y~u pxpl~in th~ 1oa~ of popularity th~ PS suff~r~d vieh thig soci~l stretum, Whieh has ala~y~ support~d the r~egiroe7 - (An~~r~r) it i$ true, until a atill very recent p~riod the trgnsport arorkerg ~+ere ~n effeetiv~ bulu~rk di th~ r~gime. Becnus~e of their mobility, they are indigp~nsnbl~ to th~ PS during th~ eiection~, ~inc~ they usually gee co thc transportacidn df party m~mber~ ta th~ polling place~ and, When on~ , reali~~g that gon~ aE the vilinges nr~ 10 er 20 kilom~t~rg from~these sites, ~n.~ ~nn cl~nrly understand ahat they must mean as a suppo~t for the party in p~aer. Tht~ ig the r~ason that ~r~dit farilitie~ for the purchase of vehicles a~~re nk~de availnbl~ by the forroer minigter of financ~, in o~der to build sup- rort for che PS. But this ap~ a shartgighted policy, for the tranaportation sector in a r~untry in the proc~rsg of developm~nt is extremely sen$itive and become$ ' g.1ttl~iltCd vcry qufrkly, as the long lin~s in front of the "seccos," the . f.7ctc~rtcg and ~the vnr~houses indicate. Thus today th~ transport vorkers . Find chrm~elves in difEicultie~, since the products transported have not in- ~ rc~�~ed ~t the s~mc r.yte of grouth. Transport Workers srho have tmde paynaents for ycnr~ nre ready to 1et their vehicles be repossesshd, for their paralysi~ _ 2G EC+li ~1} F it:Iai. US~ d\LY ` i ~ APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 . ~ f~Y)H t?I~ 1' I C I AI~ 11!;i~~ ItN1,Y ` eag~g d~~r, c~,~ r~~~ir~ ~ 7'hug yau ~~n ~urr~ntly buy r~ v~hicl~ whi~h r.a~t~ b~tr+~en 5~nd 10 militan ~aa nr th~~~ y~~r~ ~go far ~ Ehird af ie~ pric~~ Aft~r hevin~ r~pnpAa~g~d ~ number df v~lti~i~~, ehe i~ndiflg fiaanei~~ body, whieh Ea w~d it~plf in pa~~~~eion of ~nur~~~r~bl~ v~hi~l~~ of which i~ h~d n~ a~y nE di~poain~~ 3~ nov b@g~ing tr~n~p~re pereennel ro tak~ th~m beck on n~w t~ro~ contrace~. ~~r~ii~i to ehi~, ehpr~ ~r~ e~rtain prncric~g Wh~ch ~h~ eruck~r~ have con- dpmnpd, in p~rti~ul~r EH@ "a~eo rlinie." Th~~ ~g ~n ~~e~bli~hmene wh@r~ ~b~h oWn~r oE a v~hfci~ mu~~ ~ubmit ie e~ ~ t~chnic~l in~p~e~ion a~~in~~ ~~~?tU@flE of ~um~ r~n~in~ from 6 to 20 or` 30,0~0 f~r~ne~. 9ut in the vi~~+ of m~ny Sen~~~i~~r, thi~ i~ nothing bue ~ M~fia ~ff~ir, ~ n@w plot eo ~xpioi~ th~m~ ~dr th~ campnny pl~ying eh~ roi~ oE th~ "v~hicig doctor" wouid b~ ~ ~ugin~~~m~n in er cidgaly linked wieh th~ gov~rnm~nC. Th~y hav~ mar~ov~r g~e up v~hicl~ part~ ~hop~ be~id~ eha "ciini~~," ~e eh~t ~ho~~ rac~iv~n~ "ord~r~" Wiil ne~ have ea go t~r, an~1 th~r~ ia ~ven to b~ a d~partment fer purchd~in~ "~ancl~tan~ed" vehicl~~. ' C1n thp oeh~r hxind, ~h~ tr~ngpc~rt wurker~ fepl concernpd nnd involvpd aith the ~en~r~l ~ituation, which h~g gr~a~ly d~e~rior~t~d~ In any ca~e, th~~ ~trikp, which ~uccp~d~d 100 p~re~nt, r~presente a e~rioug indication for eh~ rtgime. (QuestionJ ~rom What you ~ay, iE one ~~g~sg~~ the situation, one could pr~- ~um~ that the oppo~ition ha~ a chnnce of ainning poaer. ~An~aer~ (~uite $d. (Qu~gtinn~ Under ~uch condieiong~ Wh~t ddp~ the PDS plan to do vith a view tn unity of the 1~fti~t fc~rc~~~ nnd what means ar~ aveilable to it for doing qo. i~ vi~r of the faet thae it ig ACCUg~d of r~preseneing a royal oppos~- tion7 ~Ansa~rj We ~muld obviously hnv~ likrd to achieve unity of all the leftiat f~rces for the building of ~ n~W Senegal~ but if we had waited for such unity, wr aould still b~ at th~ point df di~cug~ing th~ sex of th~ angels. ~or thig rrn~~?n, ae plunged into the ~tru~~l~ wh ile launching an appeal to other forcc~. gut ac nurture no illugions and w~ are not seeking unity for its own gake. We dc~ ndr think it aould b~ politically wise to e~tablish unity for thr ~ole purpo~e of digiodging the Socialist Party a~a ai~iain$ up the minisccrinl pogtg. 'Che PDS urges unity, but unity bbged on a program. In particular, we must rench n~rr~mcnt on d~mocracy. the multiparty system. and reapect for freP- daaL~, rtor Wr have ~ profound commitment to these chingg. Bec~us~ we do not Eavor the seizure of poWer by violence, but rather a drmor.r~tic advancp s~hich is parliamcntgry as well, we are ac~cu~ed, or rather wr aere nccuged before the electioes, of constituting a royal ~ z7 F'~K ~'h!!iCiAt. USL ~~LY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 c~~irtrrr~c, tiya: UNI,~ ~p~n~itinn. N~w exp~richc~ hd~ ~hdwn th~t w~ h~v~ ~h~n~pd m~ny ~hin~~ in S~ncgdl With~u~ ~ny bld~d br~in~ ~hpd~ In dur ~irc].~r~, w~ b~1~,@v~ eh~e 3~n~- g~i i~ eap~bl~ oE eljsng~ by eh~ d~m~er~eic m~thod. `Ch~r~ ~r~ Eho~~ whe da nne b~1i~v~ bec~u~~, th~y g~y, eh~r~ ig no ~eod f~i~h hn th~ part of th~ ~dv~r~ary. t~~~h i~ Enti~l~d e~ hi~ ~t~~iy~i~ ~nd tifld~r~e~nding ef th~ ~dv~r~~ry'~ maeir~~~~ And b~aiiev~ mp, w~ ~r~ no~ n~iv~. W~ knaw th~r h~d it bcen up eo ~h~ 3o~ieii~t Parey, aur~ wou~d n~v~r hav@ w~n j~ d~puti~~' in th~ iagt ~1~~tidn~, alehaugh ti~tg fi$ur~ de~~ n~e eru~y r~prQ~~nt eur ~trrngth. W~ p~rtirip~t~d tn eh~ ~lpc~inn~ ~nd w~ ~nmp~~~n~d hon~~eiy. H~d w@ won Eh~ el~atiang, a~ wau)~' hnve b~~n governin~ Sen~$~1 :~~tay. Now a~ far a~ I know, d"ruy~i e~pn~iei~,n" nr~v~r ~~~kg th wr~~t power frcm the eov~r~ign. A18o, i think rha~ thi~ ee11y h~~ ea dn with our p~rey'~ ~~r~y yeare, which w~e mi~- und~r~tood th~~~ i~ t~m to ~udg~ fr~m Wh~t rh~ variou~ oppositions eay noW. New if w~ air, pew~r, r~m~mb~r eh~t a~ n~v~r said thae ih~ PDS wduld ~overn 5enegc~l a11 .,,lon~. And furehermor~, if ie eome~ to cadre~, ~i,ongside ~~ch PS dEfici~l w~ ~an p1ec~ onp from thE PDS. Thoae who r~ad ahat we write know th:~t th~ PD~ plang to guid~ the country in con~uneeion with all comp~tent, hon~st gnd cc~annire~d Senegal~~e~ , (Q~p~tion] However, durin$ the r~cent electiong, you appeal~d to the votere to pgrticipate ~n ma~gp~ convinc~d thac you would be ebl~ to win th~ power ~hccording co th~ rules of tl~e d~mdcratic game. NoW the actual development~ gninsaid thi~ belief and ahow~d the srrpt~~th of an unofficial opposition. (AnRwhr~ W~ a~re entir~ty mistaken end w~ are Willing to admit it. But ydu g~e, I bpgin by crediting my interlocutors with good faith, even if I becom~ a victim ~gain. Md you can be certain that in the future we aill t~ke a11 precautions go thaC this doea not recur. � ((~uestionJ We would like to know at ahat stage your party i~, and above all wh~t your ~osition will be on the law on political movements in the course of the next parliamentary ges~ion. (M $wer~ Our pnrty h~g rompleted the recruitin$ stage and is in th~ organiza- ci~nnl stage. for the infiux of inemb~rg literally exceeded our cepacity in tt~ts ~ector. Currently, our basic problem is staffing, as well as setting ~~p th~ organizations affiliated ~ith the party, for young'people, women, ~nd the elderly. The serond goal will be making the militants aware of current problems. In particular we want them to understand what is at stake tn the questions soon to be discus$ed in the national assembly, and for them to know thnt Seneg~l is at a crossro~ds. This is the kind of support of pnrlibmentary action We will pursue in the weeks to come. C.nnc.ernin~ thr law on ideological trends, the PDS has from the outset voiced its e~ppoHition to the arbitrary limitation of the number of parties and the ldeA of arbttrarily labeling chem. Hovever, we believe that it is not ~ 26 FUR f,.~ r.C:A1. USE U1LY APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 r~t~k r~t~~rtr, r.~t, u~t~ at~v d~~irdb~~ ta ~11oa ~ multitud~a df p~r~i~~ ~a b~ ~~e~b~i~h~d~ ~n our viea, tW~ dr ~hr~~ p~rgi~~ ~uE~ie~a, bu~ W@ ~~y thut ae ehe b~~innin~ it i~ n~c~~- gary ta ~11nw ~11 ehe p~liei~~liy ~ignifieant group~ Eo ~,~eabii~h eh~m~e~v~~ ~a parti~~~ in the m~dium rang~, by m~~n~ of eh~ ~1e~tion~ whieh by eh~3r very n~tur~ polariae opini~~, a r~du~,e~on !,n th~ numb~r of par~~~~ wiil o~- ~ur o~ i~e oWn ac~ard ~nd m~r~~r~ wili mor~ev~r b~ f8e~~it~e~d. Upp~r Vo1e~ E'ound ~ m~thad invalvin~ i~Eein~ ~1~ ~he ~urtie~ compe~e in eh~ el~ceion~, ~iiawing oniy tho~~ provin~ mo~~ rQpre~pntaeiv~ eo eoeeinu~ to ~unce~on. Thi~ ir~ nn~ m~thod oue af many. iE mnr~bvee, yuu ~rQ g~~kin~ throu~h your qu~~~ian Co i~~rn wh~~ our ~eei- tud~ toward r~cag~itian ~f th~ RNU ;^,heikh Ant~ Diop'~ p~rty, eurr~aeiy uuei~u~d) wi11 b~, i u~uid x~~mind yeu that uur periodicai, tE DEMOC~AT~, h~~ dlwaya d~Fend~d it. ~'hh politicgi bur~au of ~he PDS has repeatedly voiced ~hi~ aupport anci m~mbrr~ af aur ~xesutive e~cree~riae even gigned ~he peLi- tion d~manding r~cognition of thp mov~meat. ~ut vh~n it com~~ noa td ~iving ~h~ poiieieal group~ a hearing, th~ re~liei~g urp there end f~cEg ~r~ ~tubborn. ~Qu~~tinn~ Sinee th~ ~habe affair, to ~peak of foreign policy, Senegal'e diplom~ti~ ig~lgtion ha9 becdmp greater. Zts position~ on th~ African ~c~n~ v,re incr~asing opposed by Vdt'~OUS ~taee~ [M gW~r] You ar~ righr. Sen~gal has ~xperi~nc@d ~oma diplomatic difficulties r~c~ntly. At the Kh~rtdum gummit m~eCing, Che S~n~galese position placed ug in a ~ minority. Just nft~r the t'aris statement on th~ interAfrican forc~, our party took a st~nd end condemned the ronc~pt of such a force outgide the OAU COrganization oE African Unityj. This opposition wag the subject of a reaolution passed by our political bureau, ahirh denounced the dangers of such a venture, more- over, which Would rigk launching an armaments rac~ in Africa. For if the grenc poWCrs ar~ not for examplp ready to combat drought, they are on the ochcr hand r~ndy to supply ug all kindg of wegpong, even most sophiaticated, .7nd even on cr~dir. After th~ ideological schism ahich divided Africa, Wp rould anly r~grpt our country's~ becoming th~ cause of a near one, atill more dnngerous. iJe ~lgo re~ected thc ideo of c:reneing a force to go to the aiC of govern- menta ~+hich have accounts to settle aith their peoples. All in all, We were hnppy to gee thgt the Khartoum summit meeting reached decision ronsigtent with our view. But s~s you know, despite the Neto-Mobutu reconcil.iation, Senegal~se soldiers ~re gtill in the Shab~. In n statement to the national assembly. our party protested the id~n of r~ending our sc~ldiers th~re. But the PS ma~ority 29 ~Ai: ~.1~'Ei~t!1t. U5E ~YL:' APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 ~'i~li tl~~'i~f111~ U~~; tlNLY w~n ~ut. ~a].iduifl~ Eh~ N~e~-~Mahu~u ~~eedn~iiia~ian, w~ ~~k~~! eh~~ ~u~ ~aldi~r~ be brdught hnm~ ~n~l ~hnt diplamatiC r~i~ei~n~ b~ pgeabli~h~d b~ew~~fl aur ~ounery and Ac~gaie, fc~r ie ig ~ p~r~dox far 9~nQg~~ eo bh i~g~~fl~ b~hind 'Lairc ~n~i ~v~n ~r~n~r dn ehi~ pdine. W~ Ehink eh~~ Eh@ ~~'~~@flGp af 3~neg~~- r~~ ~a1di~~~ in ehe Sh~b~ r~au ~on~ei~ut~~ ~ hind~an~e te th~ n~rmali~~~~~n c~l` Spn~g~1~~~-J1n~c~ldn rei~~i~n~. Ag~in ~n ~h~ ~ub~~e~ ~f eti~ i~oi~tion ef 9~n~~a1, ~h~r~ i~ ~h@ 9~h~r~ prab- lem. 9ee~u~~ of ie~ ~~e~r~phi~ i~~~~idn, S~n~~~1 ahouid h~v~ pl~y~d ~ k~y rdl~ in th~ s~~r~h for ~~oluEian. Ndt t~fl~~l a~~ ehi~ nae po~~ibi~, but our eauhtry i~ noe @v~n a mr~mb~r of eh~ aAU ~ommf~~iun af fiv~ wi~e tnen ent~usr~d ~itti bringin~ th~ p~reieg Eo~~Eh~r. Thig ~xciusio~ i~ ~ ch~li@n~~ to our dip~oroney. Nnw all of ehi~ i~ du~ eo eh~ f$et th~~ S~n~g~l W~~ eoo inv~iv~d in eh~ ean- ~ fliaf. Th~ 3en~~ei~~~ ~~v~rnm~nt ~uppor~~d eh~ Eh~e~g of eh~ "p~reici~ni~er~" in Mor~~~u ~nd M~urieani~ und~r ~h~ Ould Daddah r~~im~. 3ei11 mor~ ~eriou~, fhe f~eiliti~~ provid~d f~r ehe ~r~nch Jaguar~, Which couid have tak~n off fram U~ker to bomb Afri~~n p~~pi~~, had th~ re~uit of pl~c~ng aur country ~n th~ ~y~~ of the Afric~n pub~ia in ~h~ camp of the ~~gr~~~org ag~in8t th~ p~opl~ af the Sah~ra. I would r~mfnd you hou~v~r, thdt th~ PnS aa~ one of th~ fir~t African parti~~ - r~ ~uppnrt th~ Poli9ari~ Front. of its inr~ption, in it~ demand for inde- penden~e for th~ Sahara, and also to a~alcome E1 Ou~1i, it~ firet gecretary g~n~ral. Sinee then our positian on the matt~r has r~mained the ~ame, and therp is a r~gular exchang~ b~tWe~n our two organizatioea. CO~YRIGHT: 1978 Afriqu~-A~ie 5157 CSO: 4400 30 6'OK i)FE`:GIAI. U5~ ~:tLY ' APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 APPR~VED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1 ~~au a~~iClClf~ U~I1 ~~~Y TOGO BR~EPS . TOCOLE~E ~CONOMY INDEX R~~~N~--W~~h ~h~ eharp incr~~~~ ~n r~v~- nu~~ from ~xpor~,~ of pho~p}tdtc~~~ coff~~~ ~nd c~e~a~ ~~g~~,~ @c~- nomy k@~ping~ up M~~1tihy r~b~ of ~*row~h. f~~c~~ ~~7~, ~ti r~o1d i~,~,00 ton~ of co~fe~ (down 3,~00 ~on~), g,400 ~onr~ of ogcaa (down 3,~00 ~on~), ~,000 ~on~ of co~~onse~d (down x, ~00 tion~)~ 1, ~00 bon~ of k~?rib~ (dowrl 4, ~00 tion~ ~nd 1,3od ~on~ of ~~imi~t~ (down b,~00 tion~). Continu3~n~ ~xp~n~ion of indu~tri~l ~i~her3es w~~.~ k~~ furth~r~d by ~he ~dv~n~ o~ tih~ Arnb-Lyb3an-own~d Togo ~i~hnr3~a Corporatfon (STAP-PECHE)~ w~,~ found~d thi~ y~ar. Phogpha~~~ producbion in 1~~~ came ~o ~.9 mill~on tion~ (up O.g m~llion); export~s showed more diversif~- c~t~on, p~rticul~rly ~ho~e boward E~~ti Eurog~ean coun~r~es. In 3ndu,~~ry, ~~xti31~ plgnts increa~ed tih~fr oatput by 1~ percenti. The Togo C~menti Comp~ny doubled ~,ti~ producb~.on c~pacity to 300, 000 tionr~ yr~~rly ~o handl~ 3ncreg~~d axport~ to Niger, Upp~:r Vc~1t~?, M~1i~ nnd Nig~r~g. The Lome r~finery~ built to proce~g Nigerian cru~de, sstarted opQratiion~ 3n Septiember 1g~~. It has a yearly capacity of a million tona o~ crude. [Text~ Pari~ MARCHES TROPICAUX ET MEDITERttANEENS in French 1 D~c 7$ p 3313�331~ ti182 CSO: 4400 FrYD 31 FOR OF'F2Ct,1t. i!~~ ~~~L1' APPROVED FOR RELEASE: 2007/02/08: CIA-RDP82-00850R000100010026-1