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December 15, 2016
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March 24, 2004
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July 9, 1959
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Approved Foy Release 2004/07/08: CIA-RDP82R00,9R000100020004-4 MILITARY ATTACHE TIRAK WIT,,,, I, Prepared By The Interdepartmental Intelligence Conference July 9, 1959 review(s) completed. Approved For Release 2004/07/08 : CIA-RDP82R00129R000100020004-4 Approved For Release 2004/07/08: CIA-RDP82R0 1Q,9R000100020004-4 TABLE OF CONTENTS Face I. INTRODUCTION...................... a ............ I II. UNITED STATES POLICY..... . e ? .................. e 2 III. S'UMMARY....??.... ...e.......?? 4 IV. INCIDENTS ...................................... 7 EXHIBIT A - TRAVEL PERFORMED WITHIN THE USSR BY U. S. MILITARY ATTACHE PERSONNEL BETWEEN APRIL Is 1958, AND MARCH 31, 1959 EXHIBIT BVEL WITHIN THE USSR REQUESTED BY U. S. MILITARY ATTACHE PERSONNEL BETWEEN APRIL 1, 1958, AND MARCH 31, 1959, BUT DENIED BY THE SOVIET GOVERNMENT EXHIBIT C - TRAVEL WITHIN THE UNITED STATES BY REPRESENTATIVES OF THE OFFICE OF SOVIET MILITARY, NAVAL, AND AIR ATTACHES, WASHINGTON, D. Co EXHIBIT D - INCIDENTS SURROUNDING TRIP WITHIN USSR, JANUARY 24 TO 31, 1959 Approved For Release 2004/07/08 : CIA-RDP82R00129R000100020004-4 Approved F, or Release 2004/07/08 : CIA-RDP82R0Q9R000100020004-4 SECRET Mn ITARp ATT_? CH 1 VEL WITHIN TL W UNITED STATES HE SOVIET UNION I. INTROD UCTION Several recent incidents have served to focus the attention of the members of the Interdepartmental Intelligence Conference upon the circumstances surrounding the travel of United States Military Attaches within the Soviet Union as compared with the manner in which Soviet Military Attaches are permitted to travel within the United States. This review of Military Attache travel has, therefore, been prepared for the use of the IIC members and presents a compilation of the facts concerning the travel in question as reported by representatives of the three military services and the Federal Bureau of Investigation. No effort has been made to assess the intelligence value of U.S. Military Attache travel in the USSR or of the Soviet Military Attache travel in the United States. On June 22,, 1.959, the United States Army Attache at Moscow was called, as the senior United States Attache, to the Office of the Chief of the Otdel Vneshnikh Snoshenti, the Soviet office which handles liaison between foreign military representatives and Soviet ministries, and informed that the Soviet Union was contemplating action to place Attache travel within the USSR on a trip-for-trip basis under which the Soviets would approve a trip for United States Attaches only after a trip had been approved for Soviet Attaches within the United States. He was informed that this action was contemplated because of changes which had been made by the United States in two trips which had been requested by Soviet Attaches. (Details concerning these changes appear hereunder in paragraph two, page seven.) The Military Attache was told that he would be advised when and how this "reciprocity" would be established. While at first glance it might appear that reciprocity would be achieved by establishment of a "trip-for-trip" requirement, the facts developed by the IIC members demonstrate that a vast difference exists between Attache travel in the Soviet Union and that in the United States. The Soviet police state not only permits but appears to encourage rough treatment of United States personnel by the Russian "militia, " including physical detention, 'strip searches, " confiscation of cameras, film and personal possessions, and local, last-minute changes in itinerary forced by dental of hotel and travel accom- modations or of access to nominally open areas. Approved For Release 2004/07Cb84 CTA-RDP82R00129R000100020004-4 SECRET Approved Fly- Release 2004/07/08 : CIA-RDP82ROQ129R000100020004-4 II. UNITED STATES POLICY Currently applicable policy was established by the National Security Council and approved by the President on July 19, 1954. This requires: "Restrictions should be placed upon diplomatic and official representatives of Soviet bloc countries in the United States on the basis of strict reciprocity for restrictions placed upon U. S. representatives in each Soviet bloc country; as determined to be feasible by a group composed of representatives of the Departments of State, Defense, Justice, and of 0DM and CIA. " (The Office of Defense Mobilization has been replaced by the Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization.) The group established under this policy has designated certain areas of the United States as closed to travel by all Soviet citizens except Soviet employees of the United Nations Secretariat. These areas are not closed to travel by representatives of other Soviet bloc countries. (An approximately equal area of the Soviet Union is closed to travel by all foreigners.) it is thus apparent that Soviet Military Attaches can use representatives of the cooperative Soviet bloc governments to travel within United States closed areas for the purpose of intelligence collection, although no similar opportunity is afforded United States Attaches within the Soviet Union. The IlC members have received information from an unimpeachable source that the Soviet Union is utilizing the services of the Military Attaches of other Soviet bloc countries in connection with its intelligence collection effort in the United States. In addition to the geographical restrictions imposed as a result of the policy quoted above, Military Attache personnel of both the United States and the USSR are required to file an itinerary concerning any proposed travel outside the Metropolitan Washington or Moscow areas. United States Attaches in Moscow must inform the Soviet Government by letter concerning proposed travel 48 hours in advance of departure. (The period from noon, Saturday, to 8:00 a.m., Monday, is not included.) The letter must include the names of the travelers, an exact itinerary including the cities and specific points outside city limits to be visited, the dates of the visits, and the mode of travel. If an - 2 - SECRET Approved For Release 2004/07/08 : CIA-RDP82R00129R000100020004-4 Approved Ur Release 2004/07/08 : CIA-RDP82ROU29R000100020004-4 SECRET automobile is to be used, the license number must be furnished. The Soviet Foreign Liaison Office has frequently denied proposed travel in whole or in part as late as one hour before departure. On occasion, changes have been received after departure of the travelers. In contrast, Soviet Attaches in the United States have, until very recently, been permitted to indicate that their travel would include a certain period of time and to then list the cities to be visited and the routes to be utilized without designating the dates on which individual cities would be visited or the means of transportation to be used. The Soviet travelers are further accustomed to tour freely within a twenty-five mile radius of the cities on their itinerary, The freedom with which Soviet Attaches travel in the United States is indicated in the details of the Soviet visit to Texas during April, 1958, set forth within Exhibit C. Restrictions and harassments in force by the Soviet Government which have no counterpart in the United States include the following: (1) All tickets for distant travel must be purchased from a central point, (Trips may be unofficially denied by refusal to sell tickets or by statement that transportation is not available,) (2) Travelers are normally restricted to "city limits." These are flexible and imposed by local "militia" who, on occasion, have established limits within one block of the hotel at which U.S. Attaches were stopping. Local authorities will refuse to define restricted areas or to provide maps, and travelers find "city limits" by encountering militia roadblocks. Brief visits to areas of interest along the route of travel are often denied by militia who force the travelers to detour around points of interest or to use alternate travel routes, Approved For Release 2004/07/08 : CIA-RDP82R00129R000100020004-4 Approved o - Release 2004/07/08: CIA-RDP82ROU229R000100020004-4 III. 8&WA Between April 1, 1958, and March 31, 1959, United States military attaches in Russia requested permission to make 140 trips outside the Metropolitan Moscow area. Twenty-nine requests were made by Army Attache personnel, 48 by Navy, and 40 by Air Force. An additional 23 requests were made jointly by a com- bination of the military services. The Soviet 0YS (Foreign Liaison Office) denied permission for 43 of these trips or 30.7 per cent. The details concerning the requests which were denied and the reasons which were furnished for the denials are set forth in Exhibit B. A review of Exhibit B will reflect the frequency with which cities are "temporarily closed." It is noted that the city of Vorkuta, reportedly an administrative center for labor camps, was thus five times refused although located within territory nominally open to foreign travel.. United States Attache personnel actually made 97 trips during the period in question. Twenty-two of these were made by Army personnel, 36 by Navy, 32 by Air Force, and 7 by a combination of two or three of the services. Details concerning United States travel in Russia are set forth in Exhibit A. Exhibit A reflects not only the dates and places of U.S. travel within Russia but also,, in abbreviated form, comments by the travelers concerning unusual harassment or, in some instances, actual physical uiolence, encountered during the trips. These comments reflect such matters as the deliberate icing of train windows to prevent observation,;, the denial of hotel accommodations; detention by the "militia'" and the deliberate obstruction or restriction of movement by the Soviet surveilling officers. In contrast, Soviet Attache personnel in the United States requested, during the period in question, permission to make 33 trips outside the Metropolitan Washington area. All of these were granted. Nineteen of these involved travel to New York and four others to Philadelphia or Baltimore. The Soviet Attaches asked to make 10 extended trips, averaging two weeks in duration, and details concerning these are set forth in Exhibit Co Soviet Attache travel frequently involved personnel from Approved For Release 2004/07/08 : CIA-RDP82R00129R000100020004-4 Approved For Release 2004/07/08 : CIA-RDP82ROW9R000100020004-4 more than one military service. Red Army personnel participated in 23 trips, Navy in 6, and Air Force in 19'. In connection with travel by the Soviet Air Attache accompanied by an Adjutant to the Soviet Military Attache in October, 1958, permission to enter two counties in Nebraska and two counties in Iowa was denied by the Air Force in reciprocity for a similar denial of travel on the part of the Air Force Attache in the Soviet Union. The balance of the trip was taken by the Soviets. A careful review of United States and Soviet Military Attache travel reflects the following; (1) During the 12-month period under review, Soviet Attaches asked to make 33 trips and all were granted with a minor change in the itinerary of one. U.S. Attaches asked to make 140 trips of which.43 were denied and alterations were made in many of the remainder. (2) U.S. Attaches are subject to harassment, including physical Viollnce, detention, and confiscation of effects. No Soviet Attache has been subjected to any obstruction in his travel by physical or other means. Soviet Attaches have, on'occasion, been stopped by local or state police for speeding Or other traffic violation but have been permitted to continue immediately upon demonstration of identity. (3) U.S. Attaches are normally not permitted to explore beyond `'city limits" which are flexible and established by local "militia" to suit the circumstances. These limits are learned by U.S. travelers when they encounter roadblocks set up especially for them. No Soviet Attache has, within the knowledge of the IIC members, been impeded in any way in his travel other than by the geographical restrictions which exist in both countries. (4) U.S. travelers cannot obtain maps of the cities which they visit. Soviet travelers pick up maps at every stop, visiting Chambers of Commerce, bookstores, libraries, and newsstands in this connection. 5 SECRET Approved For Release 2004/07/08 : CIA-RDP82R00129R000100020004-4 Approved Ejr Release 2004/07/08 : CIA-RDP82R0Q9R000100020004-4 (5) U.S. Attaches must file precise itineraries with exact dates and details concerning method of travel, and travel tickets must be secured from a central point. Soviet Attaches have been permitted to file more general itineraries and are free to secure travel accommodations in the same manner as the general public. (6) U.S. travelers frequently are unable to secure even a taxi for limited local travel. Soviet travelers rent automobiles frequently and use them to drive around military and air bases and to permit observation of activities of intelligence interest. Approved For Release 2004/07/08 : CIA-RDP82R00129R000100020004-4 Approved - Release 2004/07/08: CIA-RDP82R0Q,U,29R000100020004-4 IV. INCIDENTS Although no Soviet travel request was denied during the 12-month period studied, two recent efforts by United States Armed Forces to achieve a closer approach to reciprocity 'have' apparently resulted in the Soviet threat to establish a "trip-for-trip" standard: On May 20, 1959, Soviet Attache personnel informed United States Foreign Liaison Offices that representatives of each of the three services planned to travel in California and Nevada between May 25 and June 15, 1959. In concerted action, the military services informed the Soviet Attache Office that the travel would be permitted but that it must be accomplished in commercial transportation media. This restriction was designed to prevent the use of rented automobiles and the observation of the numerous military facilities located on the route which the Soviets proposed to take, The Soviet Attache Office was also asked to furnish the exact dates on which they would visit the various points listed in their proposed itinerary follow this practice in the future, The Russians did not make this trip. On June 11, 1959, the United States Army Foreign Liaison Office was advised that an Assistant Soviet Military Attache, his wife, and an aide proposed to travel between June 15 and June 27, 1959, in Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky, Indiana, Illinois, Ohio,, and West Virginia. The proposed itinerary indicated that the travel route had been chosen so as to permit observation of Fort Bragg and Fort Knox. The Soviet Attache Office was advised that the itinerary should be amended so as to detour around both of these installations. The trip was not made. It will be noted that in neither of these instances was the Soviet travel denied and in the second instance only a minor change in itinerary was required. The Russian threat of retaliation for these two changes was made in the face of the fact that during the preceding 12-month period 43 American requests for travel had been flatly denied while during the same period no Soviet request had been denied, Soviet harassment of United States travelers is not limited to military personnel. During latter May, 1959, Richard H, Davis, Minister-Counsellor of the American Embassy at Moscow, reported that during April and May there had been 9 instances in which Embassy civilian personnel had been refused permission to visit nominally open areas. One of these involved the city of Vorkuta, Mr. Davit, in his report to the Department of State, after furnishing details concerning Approved For Release 2004/07LD87t GJA-RDP82R00129R000100020004-4 Approved ,.r Release 2004/07/08 : CIA-RDP82R0W9ROO0100020004-4 these instances, stated that they did not include military travel, where refusals, alterations, and harassments have all been even more onerous. He recommended that consideration be given by the Department of State to specific retaliation and that this be as nearly as reciprocal as possible. The T1'C has not been informed regarding the action, if any, taken by the Department of State in response to this recommenda- tion. Soviet harassment has been applied apparently impartially to Attache personnel of each of the three military services. This is evidenced by a review of the travel comments set forth in Exhibit A. An unusual situation arose during travel by Army personnel between August 11 and 20, 1958, when Captain Ulatoski, after eating a meal aboard an airplane en route from Omsk to Khabarovsk became violently ill. Upon arrival at Khabarovsk, an attempt was made by Soviet personnel to evacuate Ulatoski to a hospital, preventing his superior, Colonel McBride, from accompanying him. When Colonel McBride insisted that he accompany the patient, he was told this would be permitted if he would leave the rear of the ambulance and sit in the front seat. Colonel McBride agreed and got out of the rear. No sooner had he done so than the attendants attempted to lock the doors and drive away. Departure of the ambulance was prevented only by Colonel McBride placing himself in the right of way where the driver would have had to run him down. After an additional 20 minutes of argument, Colonel McBride was permitted to accompany Captain Ulatoski to the hospital. During the argument, Mrs. McBride and Mrs. Ulatoski were escorted by a courteous militia man to a taxi which took them to a hotel where an extremely hostile attendant, after a half-hour discussion, finally assigned them a room. After thorough examination, the Soviet physicians admitted that they were unable to find any cause for the attack. The United States Embassy doctor concurs in the theory that Captain Ulatoski was deliberately poisoned in an attempt to separate him from fellow travelers in order to administer a truth serum while he was in extreme pain or, at least, to bring the trip to a closes It is noted that Colonel McBride did not leave Captain Ulatoski until the latter had recovered sufficiently to be fully in possession of his faculties. - 8 SECRET Approved For Release 2004/07/08 : CIA-RDP82ROO129ROO0100020004-4 Approved For Release 2004/07/08 : CIA-RDP82R00129R000100020004-4 The trip was continued but, in spite of prior reservations for a separate compartment on the train from Chita to Irkutsk, the travelers were forced to accept other space and were separated, with Captain and Mrs. Ulatoski sharing a compartment with two other persons and Colonel and Mrs. McBride sharing another compartment with two persons. The actions of these persons indicate that they were "planted." On arrival at the hotel in Irkutsk, the travelers were told that no space was available and they were given the same story at the airport hotel although this was obviously untrue. The group thereupon decided to continue on to Yakutsk; At this point they, attempted to secure a taxi to travel around the city but waited one hour without receiving one although it had been promised. Return travel to Moscow had been scheduled to enable the travelers to pass a number of targets during daylight hours and the trip was purposely scheduled on a "puddle jumper" airplane to obtain maximuza intelligence value by frequent stops. On arrival at (husk, the travelers were informed that their plane would not continue due to bad weather but that there was a TU 104 which would take them directly to Moscow and that seats had been reserved for the group on this plane. Although the travelers indicated that they were willing to wait for better weather, they were informed that their plane would be delayed indefinitelye Recognizing that further 'resistance would be useless, the travelers returned to Moscow on the TU 104. A fully detailed account of travel performed by Naval personnel is set forth in Exhibit D. This recounts a number of efforts to involve the travelers in an "incident' and insistence that the travelers sign a statement containing fabricated charges. Approved For Release 2004/07/08 : CIA-RDP82R00129R000100020004-4 Approved For Release 2004*f lA-RDP82R00129R000100020004-4 TRAVEL PERFORMED WITHIN THE USSR BY U. S. MILITARY ATTACHE PERSONNEL BETWEEN APRIL 1, 1958, AND PARCH 31, 1959 Service aa Z Participatinri T dates of Places Visited Comments r , - _ March 18 - Tashkent - Termea Surveillance constant. April 5, 1958 Kabul Train windows erately iced. delib- Train attendant entered locked compartment with pass key during time of airfield observation. April 1-12, 1958 N April 4- 7, 1958 AT April 8-10, 2958 N April 13, 1958 AT April 15-20, 1958 A April 20, 1958 April 20 - N May 2, 1958 April 29 - N May 2, 1958 April 29 - N May 2, 1958 Iharbarovsk, Irkutsk Leningrad Yaroslav l1, Rybinsk, Ugl ich, Rostov Zago rsk Stal ingrad Oslo, Leningrad Sukhumi, Foti Surveillance normal Surveillance constant but discreet Surveillance normal Denied exploring north outskirts of town by civil cans, later by militia. Confined to city limits. Surveillance close but indiscreet. Denied visit museum on north side of town by militiaman dropped off by surveillant car. Permission to travel Leningrad to Moscow by auto denied. Limits of Baku very narrow. Only center of Foti open to observers. Surveillance complete. Approved For Release 2004/07/08 : CIA-RDP82R00129R000100020004-4 Approved Fir Release 2004/0 p -RDP82R00 98000100020004-4 Service Dae.sof Travel ParttciDatin PlaceaIis?_ d May 8-14, 1958 AT Rostov- Simferopol Dnepropetrovsk Zaporoabye Kharkov May 12, 1958 Al May 18-21, 1958 N May 20 - June 10, 1958 Leningrad Kharkov Rostov Tbilisi Lake Se van Sukhumi Sochi Yalta Simferopol May 25-28, 1958 AT May 26-30, 2958 N Leningrad - Helsinki Dneprope tro oak, Kherson, Odessa SECRET Comments Travellers held 1 hour by surveillants near Rostov Aircraft Plant, charged with violation of forbidden zone. Travellers delayed 1 day on flight .Rostov- Simferopol. Denied hotel accommodation Simferopol, Zaporoabye, Dnepropetrovsk, Kharkov. Tula. Required to drive 25 hours without sleep. Surveillance extreme. Surveillance discreet. Additional portion of trip by boat to Belomorsk, Onega, Archangelsk, Yytcgra, denied. Delayed 2 days, failure to provide license number of Embassy auto and failure to specify points to be visited within 40 km radius Sochi and Yalta, Return via Lake Bevan, Tbilisi denied; forced return via Kazakh. Authority to travel by auto Simferopol-Kharkov rescinded. Trip requested by air. Tickets sold for non- existent fl tght. Travellers were required to go by train. Surveillance obvious on boats, discreet in Odessa. EXHIBIT A Approved For Release 2004/07/08 : CIA-RDP82R00129R000100020004-4 Approved For Release 20041071Q& RDP82R00129R000100020004-4 Dates g-f T avel Service Participating June 1-13, 1958 A June 7-12, 1958 AT June 9-11, 1958 N June 13-16, 2958 AT June 14-19, 1958 N June 25-30, 2958 AT Paces Visited Comments Adler Sochi Yalta Simferopol Kiev - Odessa - Kherson - Dnepropetrovsk Archangelsk, Nargan-Mar, landalaksha, Murmansk Leningrad Stalingrad, Rostov, Voronesh Tula, Stal inogorsk, Ryazan, Pensa, Kuybyshev, Kazan June 27-28, 1958 N Leningrad June 28-29, 1958 AT June 29 - N Gorkiy July 2, 1958 None indicated. Surveillance severe in Dnepropetrovsk. Travellers not permitted to exploit city. Only trip from Moscow to A rchangelsk permitted. Ship travel refused. Travellers misrouted by militia on several occasions. Police escort through Kuznetsk, and across dam at Stavropol. Detained by Soviet Army Troops at Kuybyshev, charged with transgressing closed area. Detained 3 times in city of Kazan, manhandled and threatened with shooting. Surveillance normal. Road blocks and detours to prevent observation of airfield. Surveillance normal. Approved For Release 2004/07/08 : CIA-RDP82R00129R000100020004-4 Approved For Release 2004/07/08 : CIA-RDP82R001R000100020004-4 SECRET Service gates of Travel arttotpatPlaces pisited July 5 - A Vya2ma August 5, 1958 Smolensk Minsk Brest Warsaw Germany July 9-23, 1958 N Stal ingrad, Astrakhan, Baku, Pahleui (Iran) Ju l y 12-14, 1958 AT Ugl ich - K4moy July 14-18, 1958 N-A Makhachkala, Baku, Mist., Odessa July 20-29, 2958 AT July 21 - AT August 2, 1958 July 23-24, 1958 N July 23-27, 1958 AT Tashkent, Samarkand, Tb ilia i, Sukhumi, Adler Comments Routine surveillance. Discreet surveillance. Some foot travel prevented in Baku. Surveillance discreet Trip completed as far as Tbilisi when travel- lers were informed they had to return to Moscow from Tbilisi on the first flight on July 18. Surveillance close but not unduly troublesome. Kharkov - Kiev - No harassments. Finn itsa - Minsk - Vitebsk - Pskov - Leningrad - Fyaama Travel shortened because air tickets not available for scheduled return. Sur- veillance believed almost nonexistent first d&y but corrected next day. R iga No harassments. SECRET EXHIBIT A Approved For Release 2004/07/08 : CIA-RDP82R00129R000100020004-4 Approved For Release 2004/OhIf & f4A-RDP82R001jR000100020004-4 Dates o_ Travel Service Par icip tiny Places Visit July 25-27, 1958 A Stalingrad July 25-29, 1958 N Rostov-on-Don Rostov, Novo roasiyak, July 27-28, 1958 A Tuaps e, Sal in in Sochi July 29 - A August 1, 1958 Minsk August 3-4, 1958 A-AT Hunting Lodge for Diplomatic Corps August 11-21, 1958 A Shabarousk Chita Irkutsk Yakuta August 12-14, 1958 AT Tashkent SECRET Comments Surveillance discreet; no incidents Discreet surveillance. Surveillance continuous but discreet; no incidents. Surveillance discreet; no incidents. Trip delayed one day due to inability to get tickets. Very severe - Possible deliberate food poisoning in meal served to Capt. Ulatosht Attempts to prevent McBride from accompanying Ulatoski to hospital and from visiting him while in hospital. Crude and rude overt surveillance; delays in providing hotel and travel accommodations. Trip requested by rail but denied. Accona. pl iahed by air. One traveller separated from others, hands tied and taken to "sobering- up" station, was stripped, placed in cold shower, held several hours prior to release. EXHIBIT A Approved For Release 2004/07/08 : CIA-RDP82R00129R000100020004-4 Approved For Release 2004/07/08: CIA-RDP82R0019R000100020004-4 SECRET Service Dates of Travel Part is inatino Places Vie it d Comm August 23-27., 1958 N Astrakhan, Baku Discreet surveillance. Baku naval harbor closed by shore patrols. August 12-27, 1958 A August 23-19, 1958 N Tashkent, After dinner on Aug" 22 Samarkand., a group of ostensibly Bukhara, friendly Soviet citiae-as Mari attached themselves to the travellers. Portalup.64, who was accompanying Captain Dahiquist, became separated and was seized by two police- men who tied him hand and foot, searched him, photographed him, and held him for approxi- mately 4 hours. He refused to sign a statement that he had been found drunk on the street by a clean- ing woman who allegedly summoned police, and he refused to state that he had physically resisted the pol ice, and declined to identify himself. All charges except that of resistance were false. His camera, notebook, and personal effects were confiscated but returned the following day`. The travellers were unable to obtain tickets to Bukhara and returned to Moscow on August 14. Sukhumi, Foti, Surveillance constant Odessa but discreet. August 27, 2958 A Zvenigorod Obvious surveillance. EXHIBIT A Approved For Release 2004/07/08 : CIA-RDP82R00129R000100020004-4 Approved ForRelease 2004/07/08 : CIA-RDP82R00129R000100020004-4 SECRET Service Date's of Travel ?ar_ticinatinq ?hogs Visited Comments August 18-24, 1958 AT Leningrad - Travellers denied to Zharkou - Odessa exploit areas of Kharkov. Were turned back several times. No incident. August 21-24, 2958 August 22-29, 1958 N AT Nougorod, Leningrad Kirov - Kazan August 28 - A September 1, 1958 August 28 - AT Murmansk, September 1, 1958 Leningrad Sept. 3-6, 1958 N Murmansk, Archangel sk September 6 - A Orel, Kharkov, Sept. 13, 1958 Dnepropetrovsk, Yalta 7 - SECRET Return travel via Puskin not permitted by "tail" car. Constant surveillance. Trip postponed due to non-availability of tickets. Air travel Kazan-Moscow denied. Kazan city bus rerouted. Train attendants attempted to enter locked compartment while passing aircraft plant. Aircraft plant obscured from view by smoke generators. Surveillance was discreet throughout entire trip. Train attendants attempted to enter locked compartment. Travellers placed in aS*le seats on aircraft to prevent observation. Surveillance normal. Difficulty with car, possibly due to deliberate tampering. The route from Alushta to Sudak was blocked by a militiaman who claimed the road was under repair. EXHIBIT A Approved For Release 2004/07/08 : CIA-RDP82R00129R000100020004-4 Approved For Release 2004/07108 C7i -RDP82R00129R000100020004-4 Service Dates of Travel Partic iDatin Places Visited Sept. 10-12, 1958 AT Orel, Bryansk, Smolens, Vyaama Sept. 10>15, 1958 A-AF Sept. 13-14, 1958 Sept. 11-20, 1958 N Sept. 14 - October 2, 1958 N Sept. 22 - October 6, 1958 Sept. 26 - October 3, 1958 Sept. 28 - October 6, 1958 October 7-8., 1958 N Kursk, Kharkov, Kremenchug, lieu Leningrad Sukhumi, Po t i, Tskhaya, Tbl is to Baku, Astrakhan Odessa, Istanbul Convents Travellers detained near Orel, cameras taken, film processed. Travellers were separated. Surveillance severe. Surveillance close throughout the trip. Militia & Army personnel blocked travellers in eastern part of Kursk. Surveillance normal. Rail rather than taxi travel required Poti to Takhaya. Movement or observation restricted eleven times. Very light surveillance. Kharkov, Rostou-on-Don, Kraanedar, Sukhumi, Tbilisi, Ordzhonikidze., Makhachkala, Baku Tashkent, Samarkand Observation of airfields hampered by train attendants checking tickets, etc. Ka1 in in, Leningrad, Novgorod Leningrad Militia kept travellers moving along Embankment. Close surveillance. SECRET EXHIBIT A Approved For Release 2004/07/08 : CIA-RDP82R00129R000100020004-4 Approved Fo. tlease 2004/07/08 :CIA-RDP82R0012 000100020004-4 SECRET Service l artioiDatina I? of Trave X a to s 5. s Visited ~'~$~ ._ October 22, 1958 AT Zvenigorod October 17-21, 1958 N Gorkiy October 25-31, 1958 N Riga, Leningrad, Helsinki Nov. 6-8, 1958 N Leningrad Nov. 6-8, 1958 N Nov. 12-17, 1958 AT Nov. 16, 1959 N Nov. 20-24, 1958 AT Vitebsk, Gomel Zvenigorod L 'vov, Uingo ro d, Baronouichi, Minsk SECRET Comments Travellers denied access to normally "open" tourist attractions. Travellers separated on train and forced to share compartments with police representatives. Efforts to create incident foiled. Entire trip planned by auto but trip to Leningrad had to be by rail because highway "temporarily closed." Normal discreet surveillance except at all water front vantage points when shore patrol intervened. Rescheduling required by Soviets which prohibited views of installations during daylight. Surveillance normal. Travellers accused of violating frontier zone, though trip approved by Soviet Tore ign Liaison Office. Travellers later awakened and ordered to leave town on next train (35 minutes). EXHIBIT A Approved For Release 2004/07/08 : CIA-RDP82R00129R000100020004-4 Approved For Release 2004/07 CIA-RDP82RO01 'W' UCAT Service Dates of Travel Participating P lacse Visited Comments Dec. 2-10, 1958 AT Voronezh, Travellers removed Rostov, Tbilisi, from city bus in Baku, Stalingrad Tbilisi, accused of photography and taken to militia headquarters where it was necessary to surrender film. Denied visit civil airport, Baku. Sur- veillance severe throughout trip. Dec. 9-25, Dec. 11-18, 1958 1958 N A Khaborovak, Nakhodka, Japan, Stockholm Odessa, Kishinev, Kiev Dec. 14-26, 1958 N Leningrad Dec. 15-20, 1958 A-AT Kiev, Vinnitaa, Lrvou, Baranovichi, Minsk - 10 - SECRET Surveillance in Xhaborousk-Nakhodka close and constant. Train travel held to hours of darkness. In all tours travel was restricted to city 1 imits. Overt surveillance; possible attempt to provoke an incident. proceed. On train, windows intentionally blocked to deny views at defense installa- tions. Surveillance varied from discreet to close. Militiman entered trauellerta taxi at Minsk, and accompanied them throughout sightseeing trip. At Ltuov, denied observation of rail yards. At Baranovichi military troops were used throughout city to deny travellers to EXHIBIT A Approved For Release 2004/07/08 : CIA-RDP82R00129R000100020004-4 Approved For Release 2004/07/08: CIA-RDP82R0012,000100020004-4 SECRET Service Dates of Travel articciiaatina January 2-8, 1959 A Places Visited Leningrad, Catch ina, Petrodvorets, Zelenogorsk, Paulo vak Comments Trip performed without incident. January 7-11, 1959 AT-A January 7 - A February 13, 1959 January 6-l0, 1959 N January 14.16, 2959 N January 16-19, 1959 A Jan. 24-31, 1959 N (See Exhibit D for details of this trip) Yaroslavl, Kostrama, Ivanovo, Rostov Yyaina, Minsk, Warsaw, Brest Leningrad Leningrad Odessa, Tevpatoriya, ral ta, Novoroseisk, Krasnodar 12 SECRET Surveillance discreet. Surveillance and obstructions. Tails on several occasions tried to surprise travelers photographing targets, but were not successful. Surveillance unusually close and in greater strength than usual. Constant surveillance. Travellers stopped by militia at Zhdanov Shipyard. . Surveillance was close but not obstructive. Surveillance close and constant. Series of events, apparently intended to compromise travelers, of such consistent pattern that they could not be coincidences; an act alleging "hooliganism" drawn up against two travellers in Odessa based upon a poorly manufactured incident. EXHIBIT A Approved For Release 2004/07/08 : CIA-RDP82R00129R000100020004-4 Approved For Release 2004/O7IOP C - DP82R00129R000100020004-4 Service Dates of Travel Partic iaat_ Plac esVis it d Jan. 25-29, 1959 AT Jan. 27-29, 1959 N Feburary 3, 1959 A \ Go rk iy, Kirov, Kazan Leningrad Zven igo rod February 5-8., 1959 A Leningrad Feb. 16-18, 1959 A-N Vladimir, Suzdal, Vyazn iki Feb. 22-25, 1959 A-AT Pskov Feb. 25-26, 1959 N Leningrad March 3, 1959 AT Zuenigoird March 4--6, 2959 A Kaluga, Vy 2 a SECRET moments Travellers denied exploit Gorkiy to city limits. Trip modified to e1 iminate Kuybyshev by Soviet Foreign Liaison office. Surveillance normal. In Zuenigorod the travellers went to the Monastery Hill but were stopped by the tail car and told it was a closed area and had to turn around. Trip was made as scheduled. No incidents indicated. Trip was approved for Vladimir & Suadal only. Vya2niki was closed for reasons of a telporary nature. Trip tp Vladimir and Suadal made as scheduled. Restricted travellers to the city limits of Pskov. Clumsy attempt was made by an individual en route to examine Zenith Portable Padio and to determine contents of travellers pockets. Return by air prevented by "unavailability of tickets." Surveillance discreet. Routine surveillance; no inc tdents. EXHIBIT A Approved For Release 2004/07/08 : CIA-RDP82R00129R000100020004-4 Approved For,elease 2004/07/08 : CIA-RDP82R0012,9R000100020004-4 SECRET Dates of Travel Service FartioiDatin Places Visited March 7-10, March 9-11, March 9-13, March 15-18,, 1959 1959 1959 1959 AF AF A AF Kharkov, Kiev Kharkov, Dnepropetrovsk Minsk, Zh itomir, Kiev Leningrad March 18-20, 1959 N Len ingrad March 26-27, 1959 AT March 26-28, 1959 AF March 26-28, 1959 N Len ingrad Comae n is Surveillance discreet. Surveillance constant. Routine surveillance; no incidents. Attempts to visit normal tourist attractions on outskirts of Leningrad (Gatchina and Krasnoye Selo) were thwarted by Armed military man at 8 km marker from Leningrad. Very close surue illance. Surveillance discreet. Trip requested also to Rahev which was denied. Surveillance discreet. Surveillance normal. - 13 - SECRET EXHIBIT A Approved For Release 2004/07/08 : CIA-RDP82R00129R000100020004-4 Approvedjor Release 2004/07/08: CIA-RDP82ROO129R000100020004-4 SECRET TRAVEL WITHIN THE USSR REQUESTED BY U.S. MILITARY ATTACJ ' PERSONNEL BETWEEN APRIL 1, 1958, AND MARCH 31, 1959, BUT DENIED BY THE SOVIET GOVERNMENT Dates of j onoaed Travel April 1-3, 1958 April 3-7, 1958 .April 3-9, 1958 eta y 11-14, 1958 May 1-19, 1958 May 23-27, 1958 June 20, 1958 Tune 24-27, 1958 July 10-15, 1958 July 11, 1958 Service Places To Reguestina Bg Ft$tted N. Kharkov Stalingrad A. A. -N. N. N. N. As-No N. N. A. -N. Vorkuta Gorki Leningrad Rostov Simferopol Yalta Kirov Kaaon Rybinsk Che re p ove is Vyte gra Lent ngrad Archangeisk Mezen Yakutsk Ti ks i Reasons for Dental "Temporarily closed," Temporarily impossible; no reason given. Temporari/ impossible; no reason"given.. Alternate trip was suggested, but was not acceptable to travelers. Not possible for several days. Boat travel not allowed on ground Soviet Attache to Washington not allowed to travel on Southern Coast, USA. Air tickets reported not available, Travel by boat to Leningrad denied. Could go by air or rail. Remainder of itinerary not authorized. Trip cancelled because of these restrictions. Denied at time requested, Tickets reported unavailable. The only portion of the trip which could be made was by air from Moscow to Yakutsk and return, No reason given for not allowing remainder of trip, Trip cancelled. EXHIBIT B Approved For Release 2004/07/08 : CIA-RDP82R00129R000100020004-4 Approved For4elease 2004/07/08 : CIA-RDP82R00126R000100020004-4 SECRET Dates of Service Places To Proaosed Travel Recuestina Be Visited July, 12-140 2958 A,. Ugl i oh Kimry Savyolovo July 21-August 2., A. July 23-28, 1958 N. July 27-August 2, 1958 N. July 31-August 50 A. -N. 1958 Kharkov Kiev Zhitomir Vinnitsa Gomel Yi nak Pskov Leningrad Odessa Sukhumi Poti Sukhumi Poti Odessa Odessa Ismael Ye opatosi ya Simferopol Reasons for De_nial Travelers were informed that under no circum- stances could they buy tickets at the ticket office. They should get them through Burobin or Intourist. There was no time to make the purchase so trip was cancelled. Trip could not be registered due to "conditions of a temporary nature," Would not state which portion of the trip would be permitted. Series of harassments regarding tickets 'and hotel reservations. Only air trip to Sukhumi and return permitted; remainderl 'dented for "reasons of a temporary nature." Trip cancelled. On July 300 the Soviet .Foreign Liaison Office called to say that the Odessa-Ismael trip could not be made because Ismael is temporarily closed., " however., the rest of the trip could be made provided the steamship "Lensovyet" departing Odessa on August 2 (in place of the "Rossiya" departing August 4) was v*f,iaed. An immediate telegram for reservations was sent to Odessa; the reply: No tickets, Since the purpose of the trip was to ply the Black Sea, the trip was not made. Approved For Release 2004/07 8C 1 -RDP82R00129R000100020%Od4B BIT B Approved Foelease 2004/WQIA-RDP82R001R000100020004-4 Dates of Pro2osed Travel Service Places To ___ fes tfi_ Be flit' teA August 5-7, 1958 N. August 5-11, 1958 A.F. August 14-19, 1958 A. -.k'. August, 1958 N. (No specific date) September 20-30, 1958 A.F. October 15-22, 1958 A.-A.F. October 20-22, 1958 A. -A. F. December 8-13, 2958 A. January 5-11, 1959 A.-N. Alma Ata Odessa Kishinev Karul Arkhangelsk Dilcs on Tiksi Tashkent Samarkand Bukhara Stalinabad Dahankoy Kherson Dnepropetrovsk Khorkov Voroneyh Kars k Kalinin Rzhe v Vyazma Vorkuta Reasons for Denial No ticketa before August 8. Press announced completion of maneuvers on August 7. Denied due planned mode of travel. Trip denied for reasons of a temporary nature. Steamship tickets reported sold. Denied "reasons of temporary nature. " The Soviet Foreign Liaison Office stated the route requested was temporarily closed but that travelers could make a trip to that general area as follows: Moscow-Sim1feropol-by rail, Simferopol-Zaporoyhe- Dnepropetrovsk-Khorkov- Kurak-Tula Moscow by auto. Itinerary not accepted and was mildly protested for not being allowed to travel in a supposedly open area. Trip denied by auto- mobile but allowed the trip by rail. Trip cancelled. Denied for reasons of a temporary nature. Temporarily closed. SECRET EXHIBIT B Approved For Release 2004/07/08 : CIA-RDP82R00129R000100020004-4 Approved Fq Release 2004/07/08: CIA-RDP82R001tUR000100020004-4 SECRET Dates of Proposed, .ravel January 13-17, 1959 January 13-17, 1959 A. Service Places To Be sues na Be 7i s A.F. Riga Pskov Riga Pskov Bob gee January 18-24, 1959 A.-N,&.F. Vorkuta Salekhard January 21-25, 1959 A.F. Rostov Tazavrog February 12-13, 1959 A.F. February 16-18, 1959 N. February 16-20, 1959 A. -A.F. February 19-23, 1959 A.-A.F. March 3-6, 1959 March 4-10, 1959 A. -A, F, A. Dne?apetrovsk Starista Vyazniki Korov Novgorod Pskov Op oohka 7itelsk Smolensk Vyazma Minsk Baranovichi Bobruyak Portaluppi Arkhangelsk Solombaba Reasons for Denial Trip as planned denied but permitted if itinerary reversed. Soviet Foreign Liaison Office informed that trip was not registered but that the travelers could make the trip "in reverse." This was found impractical and the trip was called off. Area temporarily closed. Denied. No reason stated. Denied. No reason stated. Closed for temporary reasons. The travelers were to go by train and were to confine their activities in Fekov to the city limits. The trip was not made due to the restric- tions imposed. The trip was registered., it must be made by train, and travelers must stay within city limits of town. Trip was not made due to restrictions imposed. Reasons