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December 12, 2016
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July 30, 1998
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February 28, 1967
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Approved For Releas. ~.RDP85GO0105R000100130029-9 28r_B19 r l 1o4 HC .: a y D i. Director ? Central L~.. -T~.i ECT . The Inspector General's Survey o~ Fo-:eig?. E 'c intelligence Col? ection Requirements P 1. i have read this -report with great care and interest. It is a significant achievement. and strongly sympathetic to what seem to me its most fundamental tae., eS: the I ~y and danger of the Av rnation Explosion, '--'-.e extremely limited usefulness of formal cratic systems, the por _~ce of maintaining a viii .l colle~.C_ consumer dialogue, the '~ c._.iy _nvit n pot n i l_~ies Of reC,"-I ^e:'= e:--.. tailored closely t ca~.abi. _ties. The ,points at - a`ke issa4 with the report are c:__ _iy t ."Lose at w Lich it seeps to lose co- t .ct W--, its own basic them ---s ~- ldnd of bureaucr C controls and recor d-keeping whit e--'se where deplores. It is not an inconsiderable quaky of t e re that its - excellent prose ma'-,es the study of a fundamentally 1d .. ec ]+n- finitely '.^ ore interesting. sias 2. For the Clandestine Services, endorse e--.- -7 emphasis on a rigorously pru'__ed and constantly upa?ea l co ect70_ ple7T?e .d by a wide variety of tailored "requirements and gL? iCa::C.._.. -must disse nt, however, on One I - darnental asp9,c; of _~ ~rop osa s on the 1-0C List, and I have discussed this point at so ne .eaag". in its proper place. I welcome the favorable co_, Men.s on the Clandestine Services' internal program of self -exam i';e tion, described in the r e p0 ri, as ''tale most useful evaluation program that we have noted. CT A ".- -and T aaim a_- xious to avoid any dilution of c ~:.ali ty . , _.ter this _-ne- oranduCY'i I shall respond specifically to air- repo 'mend S w ich ._ ec nl~ which call fo act on on Ciy .r7 2 and to a :'1LL of otheInS, . Gat i s e G~ =. The Services. These responses are lw: fa vOr thoul g: - ve had to wit hoId on curre:ice oin Iwo re 3r:. --n n d is: LCo cl n^.e.- to several others, , and p rO ,se ai!Fn:._.L':..S ;.""~.t~C;,-?.r ly wP.2re the need for collector rep-: eser.tation in various enterprises had beer". qq -' a Approved For Releasw-mj_ylj, ? -RDP85G00105ROO0100130029-91! Approved For Release 20 b Id-g- RDP85G00105R00010013002979 overlooked. 3. Before proceeding to the recommendations, I should like to make some general observations. First, with respect to the In- formation Explosion. As the report makes clear, the Clandestine Services. have been largely spared this explosion. The volume of our disseminations has been level for the past six years and is down 13 percent from the 1957-59 average. This is partly the result of our emphasis on quality above quantity in agent recruitment and field reporting. It is also due in part to our rejection or'avoidance of, a good many requirements, and to a certain capacity on the part of -our station chiefs for ignoring sc.e of the more unnecessary ones that have been accepted. Nevertheless, we have been scattering an exces- sive amount of effort that ought to have been concentrated; and we are taking a number of steps to correct this. I have recently called on the station chiefs to re-examine all their requirernentts, whether from Washington, from local customers, or self-generated, and to submit recommendation_s for cutting back marginal collection. Simultaneously, in the separate but related field of operational direction, we have been working out new and better ways of ensuring that all operational direc- tives call for maximum concentration on essential targets. 4. My second observation concerns the main thrust of the report with respect to the Clandestine Services. Here I agree that we have been too complaisant in accepting requirements without sufficiently rigorous attention to the crucial. question of whether they necessitate clandestine collection. I agree also that we need to go well beyond what we have thus far achieved in the use of the solicited requirement tailored to capabilities. As I have already said, I cannot go along fully with the proposals on the IPC List, though I favor making that document a much tighter instrument. Technically, what is done with. the IPC List will depend in part on what is done about the PINIOs and CI;IOs, but in essentials List can be improved under any form of National Intel - ligence Objectives. 5. My remaining observations concern the most serious defect which I find in the report. This is the treatment of the relationship between the Collection Guidance Staff and the Clandestine Services. I am not referring to the strictures against "tribalism"--a vice which I agree should be rebuked wherever it occurs--and it has. Nor aim I ob- jecting wholesale to the specific suggestions, many of which make good -2- Approved For Release 2002// EC. C Approved For Release 2002/06/18 CIh-DP85G00105R000100130029-9 sense. Least of all do I take any exception to the obviously sound position that the relationship in question should be cooperative, cordial, and productive. I refer ratite't V I consider a distorted picture of the actual and potential role of CGS in relation to Clandestine Serv- ices collection. I do not suggest that the distortion is deliberate. But the critical faculties so evident in other aspects of the report are sur- prisingly inactive in this one. 6. What I am describing appears more clearly in the text of the report than in the recommendations. By pervading the text, how- ever, it is certain to influence some interpretations of the recomrrenda- tions. Briefly, without ever denying that CGS is a component of the Directorate of Intelligence, with authority derived from, and certainly no broader than, that of the DD/I (or DD/S&T if certain proposed changes are made), the report nevertheless discusses the CGS role as if CGS were or should be an executive arm of the Director, with responsibili- ties extending into the Clandestine Services. This is done in a variety of ways, the effects of which are cur:u'ative: by writing "CIA" instead of "DD/I" or "DD/I and DD/S&T"; by writing "central" without saying central to what, and "sup ervision" without saying who is to be super- vised; by continually urging the ex nsion of CGS activities without indicating limits to that expansion; and, among other ways, by calling on "the upper management of CIA to do everything possible to fortif=y this function. ". The phrases quoted appear in context in t_ he following paragraphs from Chapter V. The underscoring is mine. "The establishment of CGS has provided a helpful central- izing force within CIA, and subsequent experience has shown the value of central supervision.... We believe that CGS shoula be given strong CIA saocort in its dual role as manager of re- quirelments and as broker for both the requesters and those who do the collecting." (VIII-4. ) "We have found a great deal of healthy self-examination al- ready going on in the technical collection fields, especially SIGINT. Similar scrutiny is being applied only in piecemeal fashion to human-source collection. We believe that CGS is uniquely equipped to apply it--with some autho:citcr in CAA and by persuasion and example in the rest of the community--but, it will need strong executive backing to do the Job. Now more than ever there is a oressina need for a, central requirements prove.d_ For Release 2002106/18 .: CIA-RDP85GQ01.05RQOQ.1Q0.13Q029Y9 Approved For Release 2006i/SI$1hA=RDP85G00105R000100130029-9 control mechanism. We conclude that the wager rnanaaernent of CIA should do everything IQ s_ible to fortify this function." (VIII-5.) -The foregoing passages, with their references to "the upper manage- ment of CIA, " to CGS as "a helpful central-izing force within CIA, " etc., are among a number which seem to suggest that CGS has a higher mis- sion which should not be affected by the established lines between the directorates. However, Recommendation No. 26, to which' the second of these paragraphs leads directly, is something of an anticlimax, since it merely calls on the Deputy Director for Intelligence to "furnish all necessary support" to CGS in certain of its major efforts. One is left uncertain whether the strong language quoted above from the text is to be taken as giving a meaning to Recommendation No. 26 beyond what the words of the recommendation itself would indicate. I shall allude to this question again in my comment on that recommendation. 7. In any case the heavy emphasis on extending the role of the Collection Guidance Staff is inconsistent with principles which the re- port itself declares basic. The "Principal Findings" state: ? "There is too little useful communication between originators of requirements and those whose fa _ction it is to satisfy -,hem. " (Page 2.) Yet it has. been our observation that by intervening between analyst and collector the CGS tends to inhibit, not increase, useful communication. Again from the "Principal Findings": "We find the gradually growing ability of CIA to tailor such guidance to the capabilities of human sources to be far more valuable than any aspect of the formal requirements process as currently managed. " Agreed that the tai uiloring of guidance to capa- bilities is more valuable than twhe formal requirements process; what the sentence does not say is t, at it is CGS which manages whatever is most formal in the requirements process (including the "A-2 acceptance" ridiculed in the report), whereas it is not CGS but the collectors (in direct cooperation with consumers) who have produced the best tailored guidance. Where CGS has ostensibly produced such guidance, it has usually served only as an unnecessary middleman. 8. I note that D/DCI/NIPD, in his rnemorandum of comment addressed to you and dated 10 February 1967, follows generally the position of the IG report in stating: "The Collection Guidance Staff of DD/I was designed to fill the need for an instrumentality to bridge the gap between busy analysts and busy collectors. " That a gap existed at one time between certain elements of OSI and the CS collectors, and Approved For Release 2002/Cff .. A=1P85G00105R000100130029-9 Approved For Release 2002/06/19: CIA-RDP85GO0105R000100130029-9 between certain eler.nents of DD/I (with the notable exception of CCI) and the CS collectors, cannot be denied. It is my strong belief that the efforts we have made in!recer -years have indeed narrowed these- gaps and eliminated some of them. It may be also that the ef- forts of the Collection Guidance Staff have aided in this process. 1 wish to point out, however, that as the gaps narrow and close, there is no room for a middleman. 9. There arc really two inconc:.tcncicc here. Onc is betL?wcn the desire for a consumer-collector dialogue untrammeled by "pompo s. and sterile correspondence" and the idea that there must be a ~r''Oker" between consumer and collector; In an effort to harmonize these ideas, the report comes up with the preposition that the broker will actually foster the dialogue. In practice ibis is not what happens. The dialogue flourishes best when. the broker is absent. For the Clandestine Serv- ices, at least, a broker is unnecessary and even a hindrance, not only in dealing with consumers outside the Agency but often in dealing with those inside as well. The Second, related inconsistency is be- tween the desire for informali r and the supposed need of formal con- trols. As remarked above, the report finds in the Clandestine Serv- ices "the most useful evaluation: program that we have noted within CIA. " (IV-2c.) This program involves a direct and effective collector- consumer dialogue. The report, however, reflects concern that "nei- ther the method nor the result, in terms- of cos' ection guidance -to 1.*`^1e field, has any systematic re]atipns1h-ip to the maiaa.ged develop relent, and expression by substantive offices of intelligence needs and priorities. (IV-29. ). It proposes (a) that each DD/i and DD/S&T division chief "ensure that informal requirements and evaluation requests are re- corded as soon as possible fo-r purposes of managerial control" (VI1Z.. -2); (b) 1-that CGS should be, informed of all requests by the r'1 Staff for evaluations by CIA analysts" (IV-30); and (c) that the 1 Staff provide CGS with the intelligence gap s and guidance derived from its reporting assessment, (Recommendation No. 15). These proposals trouble me for two reasons. One is that this massive paperwork may kill the program. The other is'that the merits of a simple, limited program, which actually improves collection will have been sacrificed in the interests of the mere conpePt of "managed develop -nnent... of needs and priorities. " 10. I do not think it is appropriate in this memorandum to go into minute detail concerning the wide range of statements made in Approved For Release 2002/004 ' -'F P85GO01.05R0001001.30029-9 Approved For Release 206! G#-184 6lA-RDP85G00105R000100130029-9 the report about the Collection Guidance Staff. Suffice it to say that there has been some misunderstanding on the part of the writers of the report with respect to CGS's real role and actor piish_nents. 11. I read with great interest the chapter entitled "Responsi- biLtieS of M nagemer?t, " and was surprised to find not a single word to suggest that the management of the Clandestine Services (or any other collection organization) has any responsibilities in the area touched on by the report. Clearly, the aa-Lhors of the report are not unaware of the general responsibilities of management in the Cla rides- tine Services. Yet the total blank on this subject suggests what their thoughts were not directed to it. Actually, I carne to the conclusion some time ago that on the collection as well as the production side, management has "inalienable responsibilities 11 in the field of rec uire- ments and collection guida nee. It is `=north recalli that there are many kinds of collection guidance, and that sonic of there are tightly interwoven with operational direction. This detailed, operationally oriented guidance can of necessity be done only within; the Clandesti e Services. It is the direct responsibility of the management of the Clandestine Services. To the extent that the Coll' action Guidance Staff predicates its relationship with the Clandestine Services upon a recognition of the responsibilities of that manageme t, I foresee no difficulty in developing a relationship of increasing mutual advan- tage. example, the report endorses an opinion expressed by officers of the 2. There are many items of interest in tee report which can- not be no re u,i ri d gy iy plo_ , ^ ^~. r' this _ _ e -c_ .. d- n. na - 'N+ ted y~_e~ _.out u:.~~~o-1 0 , . I have asked my staff to consider carefully each of the numerous suggestions scattered through the text. Occasionally the text anticipates a ne tive Clandestine Services response--some 7 C:1es without warrant. For that "many of the recuire'rnents addressed to the Clandestine Services should have gone first tol to determine 25X1A whether the job could be done faster and ::_Ore cheaply 'ON overt collec- tion" and that "the IPC List should be checked against IIcapa'oili ties. 11 25X1A (L-24.) The report continues: "Vie gather, however, that. the F1 Stan , ~ n i .~ t would regard this as an .. intrusion into L.e _^~e}l2twonSlip between '~ . and the customers for whom it provides c service of corr. pion concern. " Not so. While it is a Clandestine Services position that all ad hoc re- quirementls addressed to must come directly and without detour, there -6- Approved For Release 2002f8& 1'8':44l ac-I DP85G00105R000100130029-9 Approved For Release 2002/O/'fi$` 'CtA`RDP85G00105R0001001.30029-9 is no objection whatever to the s rnu?.,anecus routing of many of the 25X1A same requirements to 0:Gr~:e pose staiea, indeed, F i SL ~" has several tunes suggested to y CGS that. this be done. Nor have we ever indicated any objection to the sugges..on reported above on the fC. It would seem to me that the DD/ I representative on the !PC (who is also a member o-,.-- the Collection Gaida nce Stan) has a respon- sibility to check out, to the best o1 h1 biliLy) all draft ! PC seat ons submitted for his exa. n^iration, to deft":rn].f~?e whether any items can be acquired by oven collection of whic h has _.-nowledge (:,~0cr 25X1A - elsewhere) and may thus be recommended for exclusion from the List. It is firmly the position of the Cl .ndescine Services that whenever requirements can be satisfied overtly, -~~ere is rio justification for levying them on the Clandestine collector. Comments on the specific reGG__^n^a;;.datio_.s follow. Where amendments are suggested, y roposed a~ dtions a. e underscored and proposed deletions a- pear in square brackets. Recommendation No. 1 ',(a) The Deputy Director for Intelligence cra'r.a n ad hoc committee of 'senior representatives .. GdLiC- tiOn and collection components of CIA to develop a firm, authoritative CIA. position with respect to the proper con- tent ofDC No. 1/2, "Comprehensive Nat=ional Intelligence Objectives, SS and DCID No. 1/3, "Priority National Intelli- gence Objectives. 1: "(a) This co_~nm~ittee prey ate a -revision of DCED No. 1/3, for proposal by CIA to USE, which will Contain a short list of spec:-fic, unequivocal objectives defined as those questions upon which our national survival depends. 't(c) The committee prepare such a revision of DCID No. 1/,2, for proposal by CIA to USE, as will appropriately cover other sz'ojects of proper concern to intelligence which do not affect ou national survival. Approved For Release 200210"671 1A'-RDP85GO0105R000100130029-9 Approved For Release 29696W4 CiA-RDP85G00105R000100130029-9 Concur in General I strongly age ree gat, in ti e language of ^ accompanying LexL, Ll~e P _Os sl.ow~ co cer n L. e~' 1se:ves exclusively with national st vi gal. 11 And I agree with the ?taTemert that tiieiir value would lie in their emphatic exclusiveness; they would not. teach anybody anything he didn't already know, but would remind us all of the fundamental reason for our existence... Whether the second half of this recommendation--e.he proposed revision of the Corifore?- hensive National Intelligence Objectives--will serve an equally useful purpose is a point on which I have still to be convinced, but I do not object to the effort's being made. I should add that my interest in the PN'IOs is largely related to my concern with the L?C List, discussed under Recommendation No. 3.. Recommendation No. 2 "The Agency position include, for presentation to USE, proposals that .SID rescind its rec-i.cement for a strict annual schedule for revising DC :,:,D No. 1/3, and that IJSIR abolish the quarterly supplements to DCID No. 1/3 as serving no necessary or even useful purp ose. i' Conc~rc.;on No. 3 The Deputy Di rector for Plans a. Direct the Chief of t hie FI Staff to prepai^e and co-- ordinate within CIA a draft revision of DCID No. 5/5 suitable for proposal to USD by its CIA member, to the end -"-at the IPC can be made into a satisfactory ~ echa:~ism for stating the needs of the community for clandestine collection by CIA. b. Direct the Chief of the F! Staff, as Chairman of the IPC, to revise jPC procedures in ways which will make t.:em responsive to the instructions of the new DCID and the needs of the Clandestine Services. c. Direct the assignment of sufficient manpower to the IPC secretariat to make possible the early completion Approved For Release 2002/01 8":'1ClA FkD 85G00105R000100130029-9 Approved For Release 2002/06/18 CIA-RDP85G00105R000100130029-9 of the List and to ensure that it is thenceforth kept co a- plete and to exclusion o d- .: r~cies s ' e land es e~Ween cla~:es~ ~~e and of'ne r systems Of COT cti_ and sus; e:? d all other nor "l. al operations of t .e Clandestine Services' re u 'e-rne nts system, except the development of reoui;r en nts tailored to known reporting. sources, until this is accomplished. Nonconcu^. I take this position With great regret, since I found the chapter on the !PC List full of stimulating,- and valuable ideas, and since I agree with much of the cr iticism in it. To e c lain Why I a unable to concur it is -necessary to g O past the language of the recom- mendation itself--which, in effect, -merely says that the charter and procedures of the EPC s'.^_ouid'cc revised--to tie passages in the text Which tell to W'_n_at end t: at revision S^_Ould be d ected, Let me say at once that I am not defending the _'?C List as it stands or t: .e theory on which it has, for some yea: rS, been constructed, Rather, i am offering r y own idea of how it should be ref."rmed, as an alter na- tive to the proposaiS in the repo=rt. If anything, ' Wou d fault the report for accepting, ru her t'r_an challenging, a position ~?I iCh we :'lave--in my opinion; ergo eo~,sly- been develop i^g in the Clandestine Services: namely, that the L?C List should be ''the basic mechanism for stating the needs of the co munity fOr^ clandestine collection (ice-1~ j. 1 v believe the List should be somet~rling much more restricted. The essence of the post-on taken in the reportt is expressed in this passe ge: 'With a tCO.,,__.;n.;II With 11 these sl ip"r gs does the any List se:.rve any purpose which justifies its retention? We say yes, .. , because it fulfills the useful bureaucratic fl!!Iction Of guiding outside requirements pressures upon the C l an dest'_ .e Services into channels which can be kept under reasonable control, its prin- cipal utility is to keep Within wornkable bonds the col. mu lity's levying of individual ad '^ oc rcau .rernents...; wit^_out t;^. e List the indiscri"mrLinate, conflicting, and unrealistic press xes could gat out of hand. " (1L?-9. ) F(-Y/1 . on Z 2 .1.:i on of the ~~ .St,the report From tl_ s c~.~ce'~~ o the ~u.'hc~_ o~ ~:.,. proceeds 10-,- cally to the conclusion that the word "Prio"rities" should be dropped from the name of the committee (L-4) and what: -9- Approved For Release 2002/06 bfA~R6P85G00105R000100130029-9 Approved For Release 2002lO6i !-A -J2DP85G00105R000100130029-9 At" "A new DCIID- No. 5/5 ought to recognize the List as an ernbodin~ie~:. not of "he 7 ; .Qs but of taa Cornprenens .ve National y~ltelligence Objectives (DCD No. 1!2) as they apply to the Clandestine Services. " (=-5.) short, the List is to be "tile proper vehicle for carrying most of the collection requirements to be acted upon by the Clandestine Ser- vices. _' (=-30.) Finding that -L-. -.e List, by this standard, is i nCOrr.:glete and that large parts of it are always out of date, the report proposes strenuous efforts to make and keep it "comolete, accurate, and cur- rent. " These efforts, Of course, would require personnel. Of the secretariat, the report states: s'We are pressed by their battle against overwhelming odds, but this is Clearly not enough nia-n00w to accomplish all that doin " e job, in the name of the DC I) US s and the DDP recur es. " (E.-_G) It goes o- to say that "some perlea- r_ent increase the se,-,re-Lariat is necessary---as i deed it would be, to accomplish wha iS proposed. This statement does not appear in the forma recta _~_endatio~l. Except for this omission, the discussion and recommendation_ hang together well if the purpose of the LpC List is accepted as ssthe useful bureaucratic function'' of channeling outside pressures. in my view, the r=-rose of the PC List should be suite different. In the phrase previously quoted on the PNIOs, it should be to 'remind us all /in this case the Clandestine Services/ of the fundamental reason for o1 i L' e _istence. " I believe therefore that the new !PC List should be keyed to the new Priority (not Com rehenslve) National intelligence Objectives and that it Sho"u"ld consist exclusively of req. urementS necessitating clandestine collection on I natters affeCti nu the national S': vival? This narrow delilitation which 1 pro_oose for w.e !PC List will be a further step in pry program for focussing the efforts of the Clandestine Services intensively on the "gut" issues of. national sur- vival for which any clandestine intelligence service exists. If the course I prep ose is make , it is obvious that Certain Of the ot'_ e con- cerns of the report wEl fall away: there will no longer be any great difficulty in keeping the List (within. its new--j and narrowly defined limits) complete, acc"arate, Current, and confined to subjects n eces- Sitat .n) Clandestine Coll ectaon. Nor will it be necessary to add per- sonnel in of der to do this, 1 grant that My proposal will not accomplish everything that the Proposal in the report is intended to accomplish. It would not pretend -10- Approved For Release 2002/6~ l P85GO0105R000100130029-9 Approved For Release 2002/06/18 : CIA-RDP85G00105R000100130029-9 to "'give the managers a better feel f o_ the tot. , al scope of the Clan- des-Line Services: wo^'-y `, . ? it. would n yV4 cvide a place f-_or the proposed r evu 2enlents on ' aye -~T_,~ . t Eac i as a. il,.'_co'_J..;a c ~?1 in r Ii car t'ral A rica, racial coa2Licts in scut. Bern Africa. or c- in they problems Caribbean, the Arab world etc. Q not . LL _r proposition t at ~t2 complete List could be madee a good deal shorter than the incomplete one we have now, and would be much easier to revise, However, in the report. these points are all subordinated to the "prir_c nal 1 tiiityc~ of :Le List , he uusef l bureaucratic : unction" Cited above. I will there-fore adder ess myself to t. at' point. It may well be that a List of Lne tye p_ oosed in the repor' P- ing at completeness and c? re. _cy, would indeed :-,aide outside reajaire- rrents pressures :-I-- :c_-arm., w _ .. 15 which Can e -em %' reasonable control. ti it ccu d `'lot of co"-'-s e b ^eal y^ ~~ r _^ _^ , , e ah zt co 1 ~ie~~ _ ea2ly tea... re.~. useful ' itical rec- e. Ls a_ n i , 1V_OSt 'C~% _^??:' ^:.:^L.^eivc^:L1.1:`::'O _ ~'y or Cev2iO~J2Ci a~_ internally. T try as t e secretariat 'O p .~~,-: s al , L:. Gig :.heft" Maus, , these reCuii'e",_e~: S wou- r s'ta , - _eC , 3.n? _ ,~~` nejTC:~~c..: C: st~.l Icn~ ~o be ca~~ the ~C Lis:, alive. Still, wi,. he e: j sere nuous ?' ~'~ a xp de ~' G_ , S 07 n e _ stair, 1 grant t at. it woild be possible to have a List which wou d be much -shore Co_~:._J_ete and I O i n' ' ^ r2 , c ,i ur.~-n ' ' - U... eihi. Shan any Svc have ilad POSS wle; to some ex e ht u. , se_ ' S--41'noL worth the c Gri:. r' , S lea 1 y t a2 L. at wi-t 0ut 6::e T ist ---e 11:diSCr ="n raze, -0 I M c' a::d u, ea.iSLic :C_ezs- eS cO'iuiQ get Out G= rand"?. b_ -r ~ - ,, - 1 Ca_n_.~^ _CW =1ng Z_hyse! i to cenevc sO. No count ,.here _`hay e some resistance w ~_'1i11 the !PC itself to lane nar--owir G L e Lis . 1 o Q.oub- also there will oa a ende cy _n he com t Lo r ' . ewc~ to tie nay..cwin;; of the List by prol-grating a~^ ;i;^, ~mbei'e r cure- t on s- Jects excluded from u- dou~te.J ~._ -hese develo- _an ~: , , r_u s ,ri^..e vexi .: - ai.c time-co%surn ng, but i cL est-io.- wvhe:'ie'.; it w_il ba any more O a task to cope wit them di.^ec-;.1,sj T than to iaa.rQ ^ ,, a.yaihSt T,ileill by C-reating a Great tlha 1G, ._ GI ar. Gla:?geG. =-C LiSL. i believe it xnay be necessary for t_he A^encJ ~ y and the ? ~ Clanaest_:ha Services tO take a stand on certw~_ ain home . .. ~1 s. Gale is ~.^la~ the Clan- destine Servi-as are not a ^ o -r , rr_a -O_~:cr _ S,Oi 2, Cv.__^_@,.;,, t h ,O il-`'irlg, all or Qer S. ~. 0 e:: iS that eur essen t r esponslb~;;t_2S are del'.':ed for us tti~ough COfnr^a:: w chan_^_e's, a d t at so--called ~'recufre- :' ..e' tS channels ?' axe merely a suppl e:n entary %vay of obtai ing detailed raid- a nce, to enable us to carry out more precisely a:nd eficiently the -11- P85G001 Approved For Release 2002/U6/'r8 C~a=RD05R000100130029-9 Approved For Release 2002/06/18 : CIA-RDP85G00105R000100130029-9 general collection .: es_co -:1-Lies a___ ead~r inn-posed on .s. I s' ^ ?y Li Oni~ endorse w h a t . this report Sans = oui s h e Value solicited rec11' e- lert, ) 't s aa: I Ores tC CC l c , ^ . t ? C A b i4 i ,s. As for S colic- ted rec-'ii ^- ments, it will probably be necessary for the C'andestine Services to intensify their e .outs to Pores all, ` dissuade, and ae ect, and, nauct oftener t an in the _ ast, t0 reject out i~ t ~ ecu ^e r'~ s t'L?at, however :_enZ comforting to the analyst., are useless to the collector . Finally, i can say y it:? CC:iiidsnce that _.:O CS division chief or station chief lacks cla- _ty wit regard. tot e i Tpor tant re,cu-iren.ents, in the Sense of intelligence needs, on _.. s area any momnent. a Station Ch e: w re to yr _t for a -0oiitica' recL ire""nent to aUmear ithe List. IPC a Carman; _o_ ansy,\ er,n"- it ^_e wo'a.ld never satisfy a sin e s _C^ recui eni Z i th_e 'feed 'n ad gassed ormal re = = e nan s a :?e "use * iter ns nd on certain other Subjects--: ly scientific a-.,--,d tech.nic?l, so-met'"rnes military econ o--nic--where CS Ca paui'l-ity, res-o_nsfbf ity, and need for guidance are acknowle Ot:_er wise, they are unnecessary. f t; its state- ^ c -,s ~~? e~ i? t ;. n-'ct i n went be ~~ tr caNC:'1CJ~_N LO ~YYe aCC~.Otc u C J-:YG v' _nt L1C=i t:laL tr, _ e whole SLR v_ ~L~... e of intelligence needs =host be fully articulated in a Set Of related v: `vOrlS, t hen I plead guilty of such treason. Recomm_enC io^ No, c COnC'L i :r', Su'cjeCt to the a"r^enCiC-:^y-,S 1.'^1 C_C'c'i:CCQ, The Deputy D hector for l-.te igence ins :: act tie Col- lection Guidance S aff draft and coordinate Chair- '^an of the '?O and with all elements of w _ch produce clandestine LO_ ection re _aire r:~nts;. G. notice for Agency licatio l =ta, Describes /dof es/ t o f fiction and resoon- si'u hies Of the CIA ,hen nber of t hi :IPC. Describes /C,efinnes/ the function and scope of the 'C List and directs Agency originators of recuire- J rn 2rsS to CG? S"wt wrd cite 11 -t * i.n formulat-in~g Chair needs for clandestine collect-ion. -12- Approved For Release 2002/06/18 CIA-l DP85G00105R000100130029-9 Approved For Release 200Q QhtS :: jj417DP85G00105R000100130029-9 The r espons_bilities of the 100-C and its members can be defined only by USA and, within the n'rstimil' set by USIB, by the ?C itself. Coordination with the Cha_,_mac o lPe C will e sure that any descrip lion prepared by CGS will be consiste nt With tie established definitions. Recommendation No. 5 "The Deputy Dii ector for Plans d r^ect the Chief of r Staff to reject ad hoc collection which do not clearly sat_s y e criteria for clandestine coliect.:on established by LS tS in DOD No. 5/5; namely, that such rec"ements necessitate clandestine Collection and exclude subjects that can normally be covered by other methods. Con.-,---f,. with so -me rese:rvatio. as to =eas_o? if'V, 'This reco_n- mendati on is an - - u o: to a-,, oiy liter: ally and `inf ex bly ^i a ce_ pair 0 which have herto maided our accepts' ce and rejection o requirements in what I ac,i.. agree as been too easygoing a manner. We can tighten wo a great deal in these criteria to formal requirements. 3ut there is one real di._ic ty which the repot has not had to face: the fact that many valid recu cements cannot be se' with s' Ca.'-^^? ' pr eciSion _....,._ awe . '` .. into a pars Which is wholly coiiecta'oie over lily and a part which is solely collectable clandestinely. Reco me-_ dation No o Conc,c,r, s b;,ect to the a' ^endr^ent icated c e fn "The Deputy Dire.,~or lo-r Intelligence "ao Direct tie C ief, Collection G dance Staf- in cons-zl -,Lilo with -tee C of 4 oNe v'1 iLel!=0 e_ ce 52.1_ a_ - 'le 25X1A LIO revise Fo:=- 9$0. TO. Take measures to ensure that Fora 986, as re- vised, is correctly and consistently used by all CIA writers Of, collection reouirementS. ''c. Issue a notice instructi n` analysts and their y Supervisors on the p reioaration of rec'u. rer rents. -13- Approved For Release 2002/0 '/fi$ '6bA=RbP85G00105R000100130029-9 Approved For Release 29bO6/18 NCJA-RDP85G00105R000100130029-9 Since the form s io be used in levying recu:~en-'entS or. collectors, it seems reasonable that ect-ors be co-rnsulted. Recommendation No. 7 ,r, to the mend' __enL -indicated. Cdl,~ l~.~l,t~ w'li..v~Gc L L L..~ Q._,_l.__u 11Tre Deputy D rector for Intelligence direct the C ief o the Collection Guidance Staff to Cleve l off, in collaboration with the Crie , 'ITSt-ff _ and ^_e 25X1A /recufren_ents o =ice-rs of the Clan c.est :e Services and ire 1 25X1A a means whereby the levying of new requirements upon CIA collectors by CI..^_ analysts is --preceded by an inc. y as to t _e asset- of Satisfy; S C a ^ E me with Current assets, tO the end that `o:Gl ao '_-C require- n- ~ l~ rn -aC , LO those 0 nrn nactica - 2. ne~ be . _ ~L 1L..:~CC G~ ~J_ G~. ,ca Va_ae S GOi- lecL_o ; ida__Ce. 11 This amendment is in t., i e interest. of nrec S;o iL - one Clandestine an S e. n -,i-n ~-me n~- n -n nn _n-',S. T Vices contain = ary _ cC: c___c.. S O~.T:.,c_ S in various CO:.100:c:_~:?@ responsibility in Cues ion belongs in the S:aZ . Recon? enda.'ic"? :~!o, 9 ttTlae Deputy Dt'ector ::or Intel_ fence, in coordi ia~ion ' i? r VT-.Z' .ri the T1 o ty Direc ~..,.v ^ r ?' r,a._:-.,_ ~.,~.,,~_ u,- - sourc^CS and v' ' rrese:: c;ui.1 a ~ n,v>i xt pe'? meat ~a,1 , ~ e~a ~%` _ .::. _or- ~e by o e at ,^ - _ _ : S"-^n ~~G._,:;,.~ CC_nl: e _??+c 1.l of CO-La e, ~1TC cannot. ~a lce ava, - :' - able. It is not _eas_o_5 O sa:~?12e t'_nese s:na_es exce t by y r e :ems ;,mg their r a_r f-":1 dam^_ s in co cise, ~~ereralized 7,0-'M.- s we shall be j d t pr ferg nn - r - ' ^ ?~1^ :11 -i'.^ ji `7. ; r the glad ~C GO. y_ e_ e v2 sO - a Le- _ u ene.. a ed , thJ recd .' ender ~_v= ndat o r No t: he ep t T L:= t C O~ C !rtel_i~. e:n_ce, coon : wt_o ii: a the between CO~J ~ .T a :ice :? - o e reo e ~S on _ e Fri L, ea ' rn?. niri-,gin, ~Fdcrl is .~ ed.~.~ceu tot e necessary Co Cl, `T -^ es e - _~`, ^ -r D dn at .'O_ j1e d Q for ^ ..>.:J...~... ~O by il n Ca_ ., __ bJ ^le 't lr e _Je :uty J_ eC o : o _ _ elli ence _ r__ J . all necessa,. y support to he Collectio Gaida ce Staff in its ef:o_ts o: -Io- Approved For Release 2002/061.18 "'trA-RBP85000105R000100130029-9 Approved For Release 2QOZ/,O 118 t IA-RDP85G00105R000100130029-9 :ta. l~riti ;ate the dele.erious effects of -..e i'^LC_^rla- - n r tian EXo' OSi '^: L..,.at are "o. Apply strict se :active crite-ri~ to all foreign intelligence -ne c" re-me ,ts Lei order- to peeve the In urination Explosio^ ~no_^ getting co_ pletely out of nand. IIc? introduce y regressively :pore order and system into human-so-,r%-1e s. is Comnmert. Taken "regard to its context, the !an,, Llage 0 this reco_mm^.endat_on is ~.e.,Cc_7 i0nab e, and its substance a_ pears to be confined to i atters within the co ^ cetence of the Deputy Director for 1genCe. :J_~ V_i.c _J 1Tltel - n.! -,,,.__,^c.: y the preceding discussion contains a good deal of Vague , a ti^J:~ _~. an C vel - e. U _. i is '~ n or the Collection G wid nce Staff T,F,ri-hout any re erence to the established responsibilities and au-:o it es of the _ a agars o co'ect_on. 1 have disc Llssed this po moi e _i f y in the first _Ja t o: th is mel oral d; _i. Suggest ~ 1 r = ~' ?? s -b - this ;r~ (~ ^ Jbe V._ -J ,,;V~.. l.l~~...t ~rz.___elnaLllVn ayes no'- s imply the assumption of responS_Jili~ies by CGS which would recuLe an extension o'_ rc___ erpret ~_v of _ s C '__o-Kam,,k ' such aJproposed) L..s.. w??v proposed) the proposa_ S~_O.t d be made in the ~'n ost ex elicit terms, and an o~ p or-- tunity should be afforded to examine it carefully. t~eCO'^_r'endatiOn T-,o 27 "The Deputy D- recto for ell ence~ in cocrd_ G iO" wit the DJen-w' ty Director SC 6:Ce and ! . d nCca' . 'C_-_ .v iOr~~.~ f and L~C De_u y D~ ector T_'O~n ~lw_.S~ arra_^ice 02_e~in s on the collection g aidance system for analysts in the r gencys intelligence _oro- dact_on offices. Concur In conclusion, i s ould l Lke to say great sincerity LSt a'_t o ~~'? so--!- .^-e of -:-qy comments may appear to d ea- cute sharply with some OT the nO-posalS in the re' Or t~ ! feel that the report has been a g --eat success Approved For Release 2002/l_?/j8 f iADP85G00105R000100130029-9 Approved For ReleascO002%O6/18 tIA-RDP85G00105R000100130029-9 in that, 1tr_roug_, its s^eer i a z is nt co ~~ _, . suc G i ry ro lem as L e oOI rmtai0:"! xplosion, it has ion ce^ managezenert? throug'hout, to -ac se '^-0' -,-s and -to iL-hY-,c about. then-L. J I5/ Desmond iF tzGera' d Deputy :)rector .-18- Approved For Release'OQ X6.9 ?:'CIA-RDP85G00105R000100130029-9