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December 19, 2016
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June 2, 2005
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September 27, 1972
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Approved For Release 2005/06/08 : CIA-RDP85T00875R000300050039-8 Confidential FBIS TRENDS In Communist Propaganda STATSPEC Confidential Approved For Release 2005/06/08: CIA-RDP85TOO 27 SEPTEMBER 1972 ~75R00 D500L8, NO. 39) Approved For Release 2005/06/08 : CIA-RDP85T00875R000300050039-8 I.:UNFI1)ENTIA.1.. This propaganda analysis report is based exclusively on matarial carried in foreign broadcast and press media. It is published by FBIS without coordination with other U.S. Government components. STATSPEC NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION Unauthorized disclosure subject to criminal sanctions Approved For Release 2na %P 85T00875R000300050039-8 Approved For Release 2005/06/08 : CIA-RDP85T00875R000300050039-8 CONFIDENTIAL FBIS TRENDS 27 SEPTEMBER 1972 CONTENTS Topics and Evento Given Major Attention . . . . . . . . . . . i DRV, Front Press for Agreement Not to Impose Regime in Saigon . 1 Moscow Gives PRG Proposal on Settlement Pro Forma Support . . . 5 Hanoi Derides U.S. Official Reaction to Release of POW's . . . 7 DRV Sustains Charges of Strikes at Dikes, Schools, Churches . . 9 Hanoi Commentator "Chien Thang" Agaia Lauds Southern Offensive. 14 DRV, PRG Cite Military Action in Quang Ngai Province . . . . . 15 SINO-SOVIiT RELATIONS Moscow Says Chinese Have Failed to Accept Soviet Proposals . . 16 KOREA Pyongyang Criticizes Pak, Warns ROK Against Impediag Talks . . 19 CHINA-JAPAN Peking Expects Tanaka Visit to Achieve "Complete Success" . . . 22 DISARMAMENT Gromyko Elaborates, Comment Defends Nonuse of Force Proposal . 25 MIDDLE EAST Gromyko Supports Palestinian Cause,, Deplores "Terrorist Acts" . 27 AFRICA Moscow Welcomes OAU, Somali Moves to Settle Uganda Conflict . . 31 USSR INTERNAL AFFAIRS Central Controls Over Cultural Agencies Are Tightened . . . . 33 Approved For Release 2005/06/08 : CIA-RDP85T00875R000300050039-8 Approved For Release 2005/06/08 : CIA-RDP85T00875R000300050039-8 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY FB I S TRENDS 27 SEPTEMBER 1972 Moscow 2703 items) Feking (1426 items) Supreme Soviet Session (1%) 14% Domestic Issues (36%) 40% [Kirillin, Kapitonov (--) 4%] Iranian Empress in PRC (--) 11% Speeches UNGA Session (0.1%) 7% UNGA Session (1%) 8% Japanese LDP Delegation (--) 6% (Disarmament (lx) 6%] in PRC Israeli Attacks on Lebanon (9%) 5% Zambian Vice President (0.4%) 5% & Syria Indochina (8%) 6% in PRC Indochina (12%) 4% China (3%) 4% Chile National Day (--) 4% Iraqi President al-Bakr (4%) 3% Mali National Day (--) 4% in USSR These statistics are based on the voicecast commentary output of the Moscow and Peking domestic and international radio services. The term "commentary" is used to denote the lengthy item-radio talk, speech, press article or editorial, govern- ment or party statement, or diplomatic note. Items of extensive reportage are counted as commentaries. Topics and events given major attention in terms of volume are not always discussed in the body of the Trends. Some may have been covered in prior issues; in other cases the propaganda content may be routine or of minor signifl.^.ance. Approved For Release 2005/06/08 : CIA-RDP85T00875R000300050039-8 Approved For Release 2005/06/08 : CIA-RDP85T00875R000300050039-8 CONFIDENTIAL FBIS TRENDS 27 SEPTEMBER 1972 INDOCHINA Hanoi has taken steps in the past few days to dramatize the portrayal of the Vietnamese communist stand on a settlement of the war as serious and reasonable. Following PRG Foreign Minister Binh's rebuttal of U.S. charges at Paris that the PRG proposal would result in communist control of a tripartite provisional government, a 25 September NHAN DAN Commentator article went beyond the 11 September PRG statement to broach the issue of guarantees of an agreement that neither side would impose a regime in the South. On the 27th, VNA took the unprecedented step of transmitting the text of an unsigned article in the September issue of the DRV party theoretical journal HOC TAP which sets out the positions of the two sides in detail. Like other propaganda, HOC TAP takes issue with "sowing of illusions" by the United States that a solution may be near and stresses that "the key opposing point" lies in the question of the future administration in South Vietnam. Gromyko's remarks at the UN General Assemb'.y followed other pro forma expressions of Soviet support for the 11 September PRG proposal. Routine Moscow comment continues to focus on the question of a tripartite provisional government in the South. An apparently harmonious exchange of views took place between the DRV ambassador and Kosygin and Podgornyy on 25 and 26 September, respectively. Maintaining an unusually low posture in its treatment of the PRG's 11 September statement, Peking has confined its coverage of Vietnam developments to edited replays of Vietnamese communist statements and low-level reportage. There are no current reports of meetings between DRV and Chinese officials, but NCNA on the 25th announced that the PRC ambassador had a talk with the French premier that day. Neither Hanoi nor Peking has mentioned that the route home of the three American pilots released by the DRV was by air through China. Hanoi has made fairly extensive efforts to denigrate the U.S. official attitude toward the prisoner rctease, embellishing charges that the Administration had plotted to "intercept and brazenly kidnap" the pilots in Laos in pursuit of war-related "schemes." DRV, FRONT PRESS FOR AGREEMENT NOT TO IMPOSE REGIME IN SAIGON Vietnamese communist propaganda since the 31 August NHAN DAN Commentator article, which was the first substantial comment on negotiations since last winter, has been notable for its serious tone and its effort to present the communist stand as reasonable but firm. Since he release CONFIDENTIAL Approved For Release 2005/06/08 : CIA-RDP85T00875R000300050039-8 Approved For Release 2005/06/08 : CIA-RDP85T00875R000300050039-8 CONFIDENTIAL FBIS TRENDS 27 SEPTEMBER 1972 of the 11 September PRG statement there has been continued stress on the demand that the United States recognize the "reality" in South Vietnam--that is, that there are two administrations, two armies, and other political forces--and reach an agreement that neither side will impose a government on the other. Hanoi and the Front have countered U.S. charges regarding the PRG's intent to try to control a South Vietnamese government by charging that it is the United States which has imposed the Thieu "lackey" regime and which, through its eight-point proposal, wants to liquidate the PRG and the PLAF. This line was pursued in the NHAN DAN Commentator article on the 25th, which asked if the United States "dared, together with the parties concerned, to set forth and implement necessary measures for insuring that none of the parties will control the political life in South Vietnam during the transition period." VNA's unusual release of the HOC TAP article* takes on added interest coinciding as it does with the Kissinger-Le Duc Tho meetings in Paris on the 26th and 27th. Consistent with its recent practice, Hanoi has not mentioned the meetings. There is no way of determining precisely when the article was written, but it clearly postdates the release of the 11 September PRG statement, to which it refers in setting out the opposing positions. The article resembles the 31 August NHAN DAN Commentator article in taking issue with U.S. officials, including the President and Secretary Rogers, for suggesting that a settlement might be reached soon. It declares that the negotiating stands of the two sides must be analyzed "to clartfy this question." NHAN DAN'S COMMENTATOR The NHAN DAN Commentator article of the 25th pursued the line of the 16 September NHAN DAN editorial in contrasting the PRG's "reasonable" proposal for a South Vietnamese tripartite provisional government of national concord with U.S. "maintenance" of the Thieu regime. The article set out to demonstrate that it is the United States, not the communist side, that wants to impose a government in South Vietnam and charged that the Paris talks have been stalemated because the United States "demands the 1a.quidation of the adversary" and opposes the setting up of a provisional government of three equal components. Otherwise, the article did not mention the Paris talks and thus did not acknowledge Ambassador Porter's charges that the communists hope in * There has been comment in HOC TAP on the Paris talks over the past few years, but these items have not been carried by VNA or the radio. Approved For Release 2005/06/08 : CIA-RDP85T00875R000300050039-8 Approved For Release 2005/06/08 : CIA-RDP85T00875R000300050039-8 CONFIDENTIAL FBIS TRENDS 27 SEPTEMBER 1972 fact t-, dominate the government. However, it did refer cryptically to Kissinger's remarks at his Washington press conference on the 16th--the day after he had met privately with Le Duc Tho and Yuan They. Commentator said Kissinger distorted the communists' stand by "declaring that the United States would reject any move that would impose a particular kind of government." The article went on to observe that judging from Kissinger's remarks, the Americans seem to fear that the PRG proposal would result in a certain form of government being forced upon the South. 'Calling this another "absurdity" of the U.S. stand, Commentator argued that if the United States wanted to negotiate seriously, "all sides would be able to agree on effective measures to dissipate that fear." The article then repeated the proposal that agreement be reached on neither side imposing a government and went on to interject the new element on guarantees: The U.S. Government can agree with the parties concerned on the necessary measures aimed at insuring that no party controls political life in South Vietnam.* PARIS SESSION Vietnamese communist media gave the usual sketchy account of the Paris session on the 21st, although there was at least a brief reference to the U.S. presentation by VNA, which had totally ignored the U.S. statement on the 14th. VNA said the U.S. delegate on the 21st "continued to use slanderous contentions to avoid responding positively to the fair and sensible proposals in the PRG's 11 September statement." Mme. Binh declared that i?.i its opposition to a provisional government, the U.S. delegation "has put forward several sophistries and distortions which should be rejected." She then repeated the * This statement is similar to Pham Van Dong's remark in reply to columnist Victor Zorza's giestion regarding provisions to insure the implementation of an agreement not to impose a regime on the South. Dong said: "Naturally, there should be necessary measures firmly guaranteeing the realization of the aforementioned proposal, and the parties concerned will agree with one another on these measures." The Dong exchange with Zorza was transmitted in VNA's service channel from Hanoi to Paris on 23 September but has not yet been carried in Hanoi media. Approved For Release 2005/06/08 : CIA-RDP85T00875R000300050039-8 Approved For Release 2005/06/08 : CIA-RDP85T00875R000300050039-8 CONFIDENTIAL FBIS TRENDS 27 SEPTEMBER 1972 denial--standard for months--that the PRG'9 aim is to impose a communist regime, and she bolstered her denial by quoting the passage in the PRG statement on readiness to reach agreement that neither side will impose a regime. As refutation of U.S. charges that the formula for a government of national concord is a formula "to seize power," she merely repeated the proposal on the formation of the provisional government--that the PRG and Saigon administration "without Thieu" would appoint their respective people and that the appointment of people to the third '.,omponent "will be made through consultations." To counter U.S. charges that the provisional government proposal was aimed at avoiding general elections, the PRG delegate insisted that only a national concord government could hold "truly free and democratic elections."* She denied demanding the dismissal of all the leaders of the military and civilian machinery of the Saigon administration, saying that the demand is that "Thieu resign and the Saigon administration give up its polity of repression and terrorism." She concluded by saying public opinion has acclaimed the PRG's "correct 4tand and serious, practical and constructive attitude" while it has "sternly criticized the U.S. negative and non-constructive reaction." *)RV delegate Nguyen Minh Vy again expressed "unreserved support" for the PRG statement. Vy did not rehash all the points of the 11 September statement, but he echoed Mme. Binh in his portrayal of the generosity of the proposal. He said that the PRG, "for the sake of national concord," advocates that internal South Vietnamese affairs should be settled on the basis of a provisional government of three equal components even though the PRG "is the authentic representai:ive" and the Saigon administration "is created by the United States as an instrument of neocolonialist policy." * VNA's summary of Binh's."refutation of U.S. sophistries" cited only her remarks on general elections. Approved For Release 2005/06/08 : CIA-RDP85T00875R000300050039-8 Approved For Release 2005/06/08 : CIA-RDP85T00875R000300050039-8 CONFIDENTIAL FBIS TRENDS 27 SEPTEMBER 1972 MOSCOW GIVES PRG PROPOSAL ON SETTLEMENT PRO FORMA SUPPORT Moscow's continued pro forma support of the PRG's 11 September statement includes Gromyko's remarks in his UNGA address ca the 26th, statements by Soviet friendship committees, and an editorial in the weekly NOVOYE VREMYA. Radio Moscow reported briefly that PRAVDA's senior commentator Yuriy Zhukov, speaking on Moscow television en- the 21st, had characterized the PRG statement as an "important" docurent and reiterated Soviet support for the Vietnamese. Comment lauding the PRG statement has emphasized the theme that it shows t'.ie Vietnamese communists' good will and desire for a peaceful settlement. Moscow has observed that the proposal for an agreement that neither side will impose a regime or_ South Vietnam should F.llay U.S. fears of FRG intentions and remove any U.S. justification for pursuit of the war. An IZVESTIYA article by commentator Yevgeniy Vasilkov, summarized by TASS on 26 September, said the PRG's positiin that a Vietnam solution must be based on "the present actual situation in South Vietnam" is "principled and profoundly justified" from the viewpoint of both "international law and commonsense." Admission of these "realities" by the United States, Vasilkov said, would allow a start to be made on a solution of *the conflict. He assailed "groundless" U.S. attempts to present intensification of aggression as aimed at bringing the prisoners home, adding that their release can be brought about "only after the end of mill.tary operations." .soviet media at this yr icing have carried only sketchy accounts of Gromyko's remarks on Vietnam in his UNGA speech. A 26 September PASS summary in Russian reported him as saying that a way out of the war can be found, "but only through serious talks, a constructive basis for which is given by the well-known proposals of the PRG of 11 September and J the DRV Government on the 14th."* TASS' summary in English quoted him as asserting that the Vietnamese cannot be defeated "by heavier bombings, by blockades, or by attacks against their hydroelectric installations." Neither of the brief summaries mentioned his remarks excoriating U.S. * TASS' summary in English rendered this passage; A solution to the war can be found "only through serious negotiations on the basis of constructive proposals put forward by the PRG and DRV Government." Approved For Release 2005/06/08 : CIA-RDP85T00875R000300050039-8 Approved For Release 2005/06/08 : CIA-RDP85T00875R000300050039-8 CONFIDENTIAL FBIS TRENDS 27 SEPTEMBER 1972 "cruelty and inhumanity" and alleged efforts to "eliminate" the PRG and preserve the Thieu regime, or his support for the establishment of a tripartite provisional government. LEADERS' MEETINGS A harmonious exchange of views seemed WITH DRV AMBASSADOR indicated in brief TASS reports that the DRV ambassador was received by Kosygin on 25 September and by Podgornyy on the 26th for "warm" or "cordial" and friendly talks. The meetings take on added interest in view of the U.S. announcement on the 26th that Kissinger was meeting again with Le Duc Tho in Paris. Katushev had met the DRV ambassador on 15 September, presumably to brief him on Kissinger's consultations with Brezhnev and perhaps also to receive the 14 September DRV Government statement supporting the PRG's 11 September proposal. TASS' reports of the ambassador's meetings with Kosygin and Podgornyy did not indicate any of .he substance of the talks, but VNA gave more detail. The Vi.atnamese agency quoted Kosygin as pledging continued Soviet support and assistance to the Vietnamese people's struggle "against the U.S. imperialist aggressors" until "complete victory" and the DRV ambassador as expressing gratitude for the USSR's "great and precious assistance." According to VNA, Podgornyy called the 11 September PRG statement "a very fair and reasonable proposal" which the USSR "fully supports." VNA said Podgornyy also pledged Soviet support and assistance "until complete victory," promising that the Soviet Union would fulfill its "international obligation." VNA did not report the DRV ambassador's remarks to Podgornyy, but a Hanoi domestic service broadcast noted that he thanked the USSR for its "great and precious assistance." Neither VNA report mentioned the atmosphere of the talks, although the Hanoi radio report on the meeting with Podgornyy--but not on the talks with Kosygin--echoed Moscow's description of the "cordial and friendly atmosphere." Moscow's description of the atmosphere of the DRV ambassador's meetings with both Kosygin and Podgornyy contrasts sharply with its portrayal of an atmosphere of "comradely frankness" in talks between the ambassador and Kosygin on 11 February. Moscow's report of that meeting, clearly indicative of strains and never acknowledged by Hanoi, was publicized only hours before the release of a belated Soviet Government statement supporting the PRG's 2 February "elaboration" of its seven-point proposal. The PRG and DRV ambassadors had informed Kosygin of the 2 February elaboration and the DRV's support of it at a 4 February meeting marked by "friendship and cordiality"; Moscow's subsequent delay in coming out with an official endorsement may well have prompted the meeting with Kosygin on the 11th. Approved For Release 2005/06/08 : CIA-RDP85T00875R000300050039-8 CONFIDENTIAL Approved For Release 2005/06/08 : CIA-RDP85T00875R000300050039-8 CONFIDENTIAL FBIS TRENDS 27 SEPTEMBER 1972 HANOI DERIDES U,S, OFFICIAL REACTION TO RELEASE OF POW'S Hanoi comment on the release of Lieutenants Gartley and Charles and Major Elias stresses the "lenient" and "humane" nature of DRV policies toward American POW's and criticizes the U.S. Administration's attitude toward the release. A 27 September Hanoi broadcast reported that the prisoners had "left for home" on the 25th but did not mention that the route was via China. Earlier the media had suggested that there would be a problem in sending them out on a plane which would stop in Laos. A broadcast on the 20th cited the Western press for reports that U.S. embassy officials in Vientiane planned to board the prisoners' plane and subject them to a military debriefing or medical examination. The radio labeled such a plan an "evil plot" of the Nixon Administration to "intercept and brazenly kidnap" the pilots in the hope of using them again to implement "vile and dirty schemes" in pursuit of the war. VNA on the 22d carried the text of the telegram to President Nixon in which members of the escort delegation set forth four conditions they wanted met "in the best interests of the remaining pilots and their families"--letting the pilots return home in the company of the escort delegation, granting them 30 days of leave if they so desired, permitting them to undergo medical examinations at hospitals of their choice, and exempting them from the need to do anything further "to promote the American war effort in Indochina." VNA also carried, on the 24th, the text of the prisoners' message to the President requesting that they be allowed to return to New York with the escort delegation and spend a few days with their families, as well as a message from Mrs. Charles and Mrs. Gartley assuring the President that the pilots are in excellent health and spirits and another from Major Elias to his wife. A 25 September Hanoi broadcast scoring Secretary Laird's remarks in his "Meet the Press" television interview the previous day said the Secretary demanded that the United States reject the four conditions proposed by the escort delegation, that he "indirectly threatened" the pilots' families, and that he "lied" in saying Hanoi was using the pilots as propaganda tools. Calling his remarks "spiteful" and "insolent," the broadcast asserted that they reflected the anger and embarrassment of "leading cliques in the White House and Pentagon" over the release. Likening Laird's remarks to the "vile" plans of U.S. Embassy officials in Laos, the broadcast concluded that they constitute "proof that all of the Nixon clique's noisy statements about its concern for the CONFIDENTIAL Approved For Release 2005/06/08 : CIA-RDP85T00875R000300050039-8 Approved For Release 2005/06/08 : CIA-RDP85T00875R000300050039-8 CONFIDENTIAL FBIS TRENDS 27 SEPTEMBER 1972 U.S. POW's have been deceits aimed at concealing its dark scheme of taking advantage of the POW's as a pretext to prolong and step up the war of aggression in Vietnam." A 26 September QUAN DOI NHAN DAN coma~::ntary on Laird's TV interview again brought rip the charge of efforts to "kidnap" the pilots in Vientiane, in this context quoting Senator McGovern as saying that the Administration is "playing politics" with the released pilots and that "no clause of the Geneva convention requires that these three men report to U.S. Army officers for questioning."* The paper was at pains to rebut Laird's charge that Hanoi was violating the Geneva conventions by "parading around" prisoners it had promised to release but had not actually freed. The article said that the pilots were living "freely and comfortably" in a hotel and had walked around Hanoi on their own on 18 September, and it observed that strolling around a lake in Hanoi did not constitute being "paraded around." Recalling earlier remarks by Secretary Laird about "inhumane treatment" of POW's, the broadcast rejoined that released prisoners and visitors to the DRV have "repeatedly affirmed that these captured U.S. militarymen have been treated very humanely." A Hanoi radio commentary on the 26th noted Laird's statement that the Administration nad advised the pilots' relatives against going to North Vietnam. This move, it charged, revealed that "the Nixon clique does not want the wives and mothers and these POW's themselves to witness and tell freely the truth about the savage crimes" which the United States has committed by bombing North Vietnam. The 27 September Hanoi broadcast announcing the departure of the prisoners reported that the escort delegation had "recently" been received by Premier Pham Van Dong and that he had "talked intimately" with them. The broadcast also noted that the delegation had met with the Commission for the Investigation of U.S. War Crimes in Vietnam, called on the PRG's special representation in Hanoi, and visited victims of U.S. attacks and areas raided by U.S. planes. Earlier, Hanoi had given selective publicity to the activities of the delegates, the pilots, and their relatives. * An AP report of Senator McGovern's statement was also picked up by Hanoi radio in two short broadcasts on 25 and 26 September; the one of the 26th also reported Ramsey Clark's statement on 24 September that "the U.S. military authorities are not allowed to lay a hand on these pilots." CONFIDENTIAL Approved For Release 2005/06/08 : CIA-RDP85T00875R000300050039-8 Approved For Release 2005/06/08 : CIA-RDP85T00875R000300050039-8 CONFIDENTIAL FBIS TRENDS 27 SEPTEMBER 1972 VNA on 20 September recounted a trip made on the 19th and 20th to Nam Ha and Ninh Binh provinces, where they reportedly viewed the destruction caused by U.S. bombs in Nam Dinh city and in the Phat Diem cathedral area. The report said the trip had deeply impreoaed the visitors, especially with regard to the extent of the bombing, the fact that the local population was antinuing its daily activities, and the warm reception allegedly given the visitors wherever they went. A Hanoi broadcast in English to Southeast Asia, also on the 20th, provided a transcript of state- ments purportedly made by the Americans concerning their trip, expressing compassion for the suffering of the Vietnamese people and hope that the war will end soon. DRV SUSTAINS CHARGES OF STRIKES AT DIKES, SCH00LS. CHURCHES In addition to continuing routine DRV Foreign Ministry spokesman's protests against U.S. bombings, a statement by the Water Conservancy Ministry spokesman on 21 September denounced alleged U.S. strikes at hydrn