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CHEFICHP I.B. Granioplasty in large osseous trepanation defect of the skull ulth organic glass Voen.-med. zhur. no.6.,82 Je Y61. (HIRA 14~:8) iSKIJLI~ZURGEHY) (PLUIGLAS-THERAPEUTIC USENI EAUSTINGp Ye*A.; L37Wp I.Mo; SABIXEVp M.F.1 IMSfZX9TSKrY0 V.I.; ,1.; Primim3i uchastiyes FIKULIN, S.A.; PHEAW4 M NONSTAMINOVA$ T.A.1 KOVAL', F.Ya.; KRYZH&POLlSKAYAg.:, P.P.; SHULIGAO Ye.A.; NIKITIN., V.N.; DOROFEYEVA, A.N. From practices of producing 19G steel at the Komna skiy Metallurgical Plant, Stall 22 no,2:155-159 F 162. (MIRA 15:2) 1. TSentrallM nauchno-issledovatelvaldy institut chexmoy metallurgii i Kommmrskiy metaIlurgicheshy mod, (Ko=marokiy--Steel alloys-Metallurgy) (Rolling - jMetalwork) ) ~TIMDFEM, D.I.; .!~~ M.P. . - ,! SABIYEV, Effsot of defeats in side and end edges of vlaba on the quality of the sheet. Met. i gornorud. proz. no.3&36- 37 Itr-Je 164. (MIRA 17g10) KHOROSHILOVI N.M.;.CHERIJER,,. M.I..; LOXTIONOV, P.Ya. Effect of the rolling scheme on plate steel quality. Stall 24 no.6:524-527 Je 164. (KRA 17:9) 1. Kommunarskiy-notallurgicheskiy zavod. SEMEYEV~ YU.V.,- ANTONOVICH, V.I.; POrtal pressure in acute experimental lasion of the liver. Trudy Inst. kraev. med. Ali Tadzh. SSR no.D164-177 162, (MIRA 17.5) NIKOLkYHVj, V.A.,-.C NEFEDOVY A.A. Regularities of advance changing in grooves for the rolling of angles, Izv,k vys, ucheb, zav.; chern. met. 6 n0-4:83-87-1.63. .(MIRA 1615) 1.4 Dneprodzerzhinsldy motaIlurgich k' zavod-vtuz. es (Rqlling (Mpt,alwo NEFEDOV~ A.A., kand,tekhn.nauk;_CHERNETA, A.P., inzh.; DZIGVASHVILI, G.A., insh.; ZASLAVSKIY, G,P., inzh. Inte'rnal ..'tures in'low'-carbon steel pipe billets. Stall 23 no.5:441- 2 W *163. (MIRA 16:5) 1. Dneprodzerzhinakiy metallurgichaskiy zavod-vtuz i Zakavkazskiy metallurgioheskiy zavod. I (Rolling (Metalwork)) (Steel ingots-Defects) BESEDIN, P.T.; SOROKIN, A.A.; FILONOV, I.G.; KARPUNIN, A.M.; CHEPELEV, P.M.; SHCHERBINA, P.A.; AVDEYEV, M.G.; KUTSENKO, A.D.; TSELYUYO, V.I.; CHERNEVICH, Ye.M.; ORGIYAN, V.S.; CHERNETA, Z.A. Improving the technology of the heat treatment of rails at the Dzerzhinskii Plant for the purpose of increasing their durability in tracks. Stall 24 no.5:445-448 My 164. (MIRA 17:12) 1. Dneprovskiy metallurgicheskiy zavod im. Dzerzhinskogo i Ukrainskiy nauchno-issledovateliskiy institut metallov. KATS, M.E., inzh.; CHERZTENKO, B.N., inzb, Experimental industrial production of two-layer ceramics. SteU.i ker. 22 no*10%30-33 0 165. (MIRA 18:12) 1. Kombinat stroitellnykh materialov "Fobedalle I COMTRY WO-i ivrit L r t h--i T, I f I 1z nre .-N!,skmelort ~W-vi4ards Far~,-l I.', Z 1 Gui:3' . ia. tr 111'.1- iln- 4 Gjioj~%- jjt~-I~atar,, iurv(,y nii 1-1vi of'- i2ne-a-". ar,,~ ul--,ganic thlo - w- I ' T ,;~'vity of 1,110.)tllm 'ea. ~lucoivxodatlr,ns jr Oho -u e Li and llotutoe,,~,. 0 D D I - RATS, IM.E. G 1 i i~E IE; NK, 1, delays the adopt-lon of the mani"facture of caot fitiirling tiles. mat. 11 no.5:3 My 165. 0-11"A 18:9) 1. T)irtaktor Leningradskogo komb*a'u!A stroitellrrjkh riatar~.rmlc,,V "Pobc-dall (for Chernetenko). 2. GlLvny-,f inzhener Leningrad,-kc-C., korpbinata stroitellnylch iraterialav "Pobedall (fcr Kats). DREVICH-SVIRIDYUK, L.S.; OWMICTS, A.N. Shelterbelto. Put' J putakhoss 4 no.3:44 Mr 160. (MIR& 13:5) 1. Nachallnik distantali rashchitufth lesomoazhaeay,Brest (for Drovich-Sviriayuk). 2. Nachallnik proizvocletvannogo uchastka zaabehitnykh lesonaeazbdeniy.-stantsiy-a Spue-Damansk, Kalininakoy, dorog-I (for Chernets). (Windbreaks. shelterbelts. etc.) ACCMSIDF NRK AP5D,')5 268 AUTHORt Yeru, 1. 1. ; Pesk-matakiy, S. TITLE: Sr)lri latti~_-e r-e-laxation of Fe_A_ a stures MIRCE, Ftzika trer-dogo tela., V. 7, n., TOPIC TACS, spi,,~ rebLxation, t relaxation prob&billity ABSTRACT., !Tv-,P investigqtion irp made perature interv&I 1.4--'F. Fit-54 ionI6 they can yleld the necessaxy lata on sition probabilities, avlnZ to the lax~ vw ure.,i vith thYee crygt&la rrce diff; I to 10 W. It is concluded frm the ence of the relaxation nn the field a---- r1', rt 7 1~ theories of spin-lattice relaxation. ca ~j 1/2 ,Q ACCESSION ni the spin-lattice relaxatlxi probabilitl' nd so that rio other possible me-chanigm o' ch&ag~- pr.,,rs or po~kets~ '1_vP-C,1tLy axle- for suppllyllng the r-.vr-tCo amu' nngiiieo, ASS,&~7 'LATN nst~ --it. e- Rad,' lcii iturid AN UI.TS- ca--~,tr= 0C-L. 0 F-FF ISOV 4- I-IMA- 0, "N'114 S/18 b W~/004/003/01 5/04 5 L;~00 BI 02YB11 04 q 0 0 AUT12s: Peskovatskiyj S. A., and Chernets, A .N TITLE: Spin-lattice relaxation in gadolinium ethyl sulfate PERIODICAL. Fizika tverdogo tela., v~.*~4, no. 31 1962, 657-664' TMT: In view of the contradictory results published up to now, the relaxa- tion processes in gadolinium ethyl sulfate (gee) were studied i- detail. From theoretical considerations it follows that the observed relaxation time.will in all cases be greater than the real one by a factor P = (I-x)/(1-xy); x - 6n/,an01 y = nf/nfol nf . (exp(hV/kT-1))-1; An is the difference of the spin level population density, 6no is the same for thermal equilibrium. An estimate showe that in ges with & Gd concentration of 0.56,,-' and x --:~ 0, the frequency band width of the oscillators is between 70 and 100 Mc/sec, which is far from band overlapping. At 9000 Mc/sec the peculiarities of the spin-lattice relaxation of gee were studied experimentally. The measurements were made at helium temperature with pulse durations of 400-500 9sec and a maximum error of V- It was found that in general.,the relaxation curves were not exponential. The curves have Card 1/2 S/18 62/004/003/015/045 Spin-lattice relaxation in B102YB104 not one but two characteristic times T 0.65 and 4-5 msec, and can be approximated by' 4n 4n, 11 0.5 0XP Hd 675 0.5 OXI) A special study shows that heating of the lattice oscillators has virtually no effect on the relaxation rate. En&ineer 0. M. Blagyy and Technician Yu. G.'Zvegintsev are,thanked There are 4.figure;, 1 table, and 7 non-Soviet references. The four most recent references to English- langua~e` -publications read as follows: N. Bloembergen. Phys. Rev. j_01! 2209, 1958il- P- Bowern, W. B. Mime. Phys. Rev. =, 285, 1959; Quantum Electronics, Columbia University Press, New York' 1960; G. V. Marr, P.,~ Swarup. Canad. Journ.-of-Physical ~_By 4959 1960. ASSOCIATIONz Inatitut-radiofiziki-i elektroniki AN USSR Khar1kov (Institute of Radiophysice-and Electronics AS UkrSSR, Xharikov) J, ~6UBMITTBD: October 27, -'1'961 Card 2/2 - 1 36476 01) S/1 81 /62/004/1003/016/045 B1 17/B 108 AUTHORS: Peskovatskiy, S. A., and Chernets, A. N. TITLE: Dependence of the'relaxa-tion time in gadolinium ethyl sulfate on the concentration at helium temporatures PERIODICAL: Fizika tverdogo tela, v. 4, no. 3, 1962, 665 - 667 TEXT: The authors studied the dependence of the paramagnetic relaxation time of gadolinium ions in lanthanum ethyl sulfate -(les) on the concentration of gadolinium ethyl sulfate (ges) and cerium ethyl sulfate (ces) impurities at liquid-helium temperatures and a frequency of 9000 Mcps by the pulse method on crystals grown from solutions. In most cases, the relaxat *ion curves showed a cour5c divergina from the exponential law. This became par- ticularly evident when the concentration increased, particularly in the middle of the spectral range. The curves showed a rapid decrease of satura- tion at the beginning.which became slower toward the end. The rate of decrease of the fast components of the relaxation curves was independent of temperature which is indicative of cross relaxation. A change in the ges concentration from 0-5 to 0.25% slowed down these components which were Card 1/3 S11 81 /62/004/003/016/45 Dependence of the relaxation ... B117/BlO8 no longer observed at a concentration of 0.1%. The time of spin-lattice relaxation is inversely proportional to the power 2 + 0.5 of the overall ges and ces concentration. Cerium impurities (up to 0.27,) had a uniform effect on all the lines of the electron paramagnetic resonance spectrum if the difference between'the resonant frequencies of the Gd and Ce lines did not exceed 300-400 iAcps. The results obtained have not confirmed the hypothesis of "exchange pockets" (Ref. 1, see below) explaining spin-lattice relaxation at low temperatures. Conclusions: In spite of their strongly different magnetic and relaxation properties, Gd3+ and Ce3+ ions have tiie same effect on the mOB.xetion~rate. The ratio of the relaxation time-- of transitions m 4---> m + I and m t ~- (m+l) is only slightly influenced by changes in temperature which lead to a redistribution of the paramagnetic ions. This behavior is consistent with the assumption of lattice defects due to impuri- t;~es taking a great part in relaxation. This assumption was treated theo- retically by B. I. Kochelayev (DAN SSSR, L-1, -1053, 1960). There are 2 figures, 2 tables, and 3 references: 2 Soviet and 1 non'Soviat. The refer- ence to the English-language publication reads as followsi Ref. 1t Quantum Electronics, Columbia University Press, Nwe York, 1960, Card 2/3 S/18 62/004/003/016/045 Dependence of the relaxation ... B117XB108 ASSOCIATIOR: Institut radiofiziki i olektroniki AN USSR, Khar1kov (Institute of Radiophysics and Electronics AS UkrSSR, Khar1kov) SUBMITTED: October 27, 1961 r Card 3/3 35095 S/185/62/007/001/003/01-' ")209/D302 AUTHO]'S: ",PyesIcovatsIkyyt S.A., Q -4"gts'. A.E., llostohvax~dl, H.I., Sheyina, T.H., and Oliynyk, I.El. TITL:`,: tirowing of lanth-_nnum ethyl sul4late single crystals viit*:i 0 gadolinium- end cerium ethyl sui-fate impurituies and some of their physical properties PBRIODICAL: U-Krayinslkyy fizychnyy zhurnall V. 7, 1,0. 1,1962, 22 - 29 T-r,'XT: The method of preparation, growinco., technique and measurement of the dielectrical constants of lanthantua ethyl-sulfate with Cado- linium- and cerium eihyl-sulfate impurities, is 6escribed. These Cry stals are paranagneTic substances by- means of which ultva-hi-h fre- LD quencies can be amplified. The salts of the rare-earth elements of ethylsulfuric acid were prepared by mixing equivalent al:iounts of t1ne rare-eari;h element sulfate and barium ethylsulfiate in a solution. Tha single crystals were grown by gradually cooling the saiurated soiu- tion, over a period of 10 - 12 days; the crystals vrere 15 - 20 ,Im. Card 1/3 3/165/62/007/001/003/04 Growing of lanthanua,, ethyl sui-fate ... D299/D302 long and 12 - 15 mn tnick. It is important ,o properiy selecT, the rate of temperature decrease, as at hi-h rates an opaque solution is formed and the ccystal becomes inhomogeneous. The shape of the cl-y- stuals depends on the concentration of the solution; t-~us, some of the crystals viere hexagonal prisms and (with higher gadolinium-ethy- sulfate concentration) others were hexagonal double-p,,rramids.. The crystals grown from pure solutions were stable in air and ina va- cuum, during repeated cooling from room teviperature to t'lat of 11- quid helium, followed by heating to the original temperature. The Lelectric constants (permittivity &I and the tangens of the dielec!- t-irc-loss angle tg 6 = were measured at a freauency f of 9000 11c, over a temperature range of 290 - 4.20K. In--'U-he literaturE!, no'such data were previously given. The method of measurement was based on the perturbation of the resonator through introducing- ~niali- size specimens into its high--f-recraency field. This pernitted neasu---- ing at each temperature point the perturbed and unperturbed values of the natural frequency and Q-factor of the reson,:~tor by simply mcu- ving the specimen from the region with maximum 'Lield-strength to that where the field practically vanishes. The permittivity z' va- Gard 2/3 S/185/62/007/001/"!03/014 Growing of lanthanum ethyl sllfate ... D2 9 9/ D3 0 2 ried from 3.4 (at, 200 C) to 2.7 (at liquid-hel'Jur ten-peratire): iaeasux,ement error did not exceed 3 ~;. The CU-Ave of -tg 6 showed that 'ug o decreas-es -ELj-,Jy rature, 8-10 2 (at, room temDerature) to 1.5 2-10-3 at 1 i buid- helium '5emperature). There are 5 figures and 9 refe-rences: 5 So-~-?iet- u bloc and 'A non-Soviet-bloc (includins, 1 translation). T1ie re-feren- ces to the Bnglish-language public~-tions r,~~ad as follov-,,: R.77 -'I- C, - I ~--' UC Grass~ B.O. Schulz-DuBoisi 11.2-D. Scovil, Bell Sys-,- T-e--hun., 33, J 305, 1959; J-H. Sine-er, Ph.D. , "Masers", NeviYor'--, London, ','C'5,- ASSOCIATION: instytUt radio'Lizy-ky -.-a elektroniky AN U--,"S.R ( In s t i ti ~1 'te .p ~ of Hadiophysics and Electronics of the AS UlkrRSR) Kharkiv SUB',-7ITTED: I-elarch 14, 1961 Card 3,13 33990 S/056/62/042/001/002/048 j4 71 /419 2-) B125/BlOB AUTHORS: Ganapollskiy, Ye. M., Chernets, A. N. TITLE; Excitation of hypersound in quartz PERIODICAL: Zhurnal eksperimentalinoy i teoreticheskoy fiziki, v. 42, no. 1, 1962, 12 - 15 TEXT: The coaxial resonator with inhomogeneous h.f. electric field (Fig.1) can simultaneously produce longitudinal and transverse hypersound waves If 10 10 cps. The hypersound was excited in a helium cryostat at 4.20K to reduce attenuation. The generator produced 0.8psec-pulses, the receiver had a sensitivity of 5-10- 13 watts, the transmission band was 6 Mcps. The longitudinal and transverse deformation components, resulting from the action of the v.h.f. electric field, produce one longitudinal and two LY coupled transverse waves which propagate in the x-direction of the quartz, The velocities of these waves agree aside from a measuring error of 5~;, with the velocities calculated from the elastic constants for quartz. Liquid helium was supplied by the FTI AN USSR for which B. G,. Lazarev, Card 1/3 33990 S/056/62/042/001/002/048 Excitation of hypersound in quartz B125/~108 Academician AS UkrSSR, is thanked. There are 3 figures and 5 referencess 1 Soviet and 4 non-Soviet. The four references to English-language publica- tions read as followss E. H. Jakobsen. Phys, Ilev. Lett,, 2, 249i 1959; E. H. Jakobsen. Proceedings of the International Conference on ~Juantum Electronics, September, 1959. Columbia University Prk-,cs, Iflew York, 1960; H. E. BO"mmel, K. Dransfeld. Phys. Rev., ja, 1245, 1960; i~ E, Borgnis. Phys. Rev., 98, 1000, 1955- ASSOCIATIONt Institut radiofiziki i elektroniki Akademii nauk 'Ukrainskoy SSR (Institute of Radiophysics and Electronics of the Academy of Sciences Ukrain8kaya SSR) SUBMITTED: May 27, 1961 Fig. 1 . Resonator. Legendt (1) Cone, (2)thin diaphragm, (3) quartz, (4) metal screen-, (5) waveguide, (6) coincident quarter-wave transformer, (7) co=ecting hole, (A,B) quartz surfaces. Cakd 2/3 0 Excitation of hypersound in quartz Figi I 33990 S/056/62/642/00t/:002/048 B125/BIOB 0~ .; L-lem M Gard 3/3 M KOVATSKIY~ S.A. [Fieskovatolkyi, S.A.]; CHER N Chernets'. A,N,]; POSTOGVARD, G.l.'[Postohyard R.I. ; SHEINA, T.G. Sheina, T.H.1; OIZYNIK, I.R. [Oliinyk, I.M.1 Growing lanthanum ethyl sulfate single crystals with gadolinium and cerium ethyl sulfate impurities and their physical properties. Ukr.fiz.zhur. 7 no.1:22-30 Ja 162. (MIRA 15:11) 1. Inatitilt radiofiziki i Olektroniki AN UkrSSR, Khar1kov. (Crystalo-Growth) (Ethanol) TEXT: The minimum observed value of the imaginary component of magnetic susceptibility of a paramagnetic sample situated in the resonator of a radiospectroscope is given by:(J.G. Foher Bell Syst. Techn.J., 36, 449, 1957): - 1 'a "" V --T ( 2P" 0 where y 4PQ Al + P) 2V44) for a reflecting resonator, P)2V Y 4PQ V2(10 + 2 for a transmission resonator, 0 A certain type of .... E192/E382 1 2 V* = H 0- H dy , where H is the magnetic field, P is the V coupling parameter and Q 0 is the quality factor of the resonator without load; the other symbols are: T - noise temperature, A-j - operating bandwidth, P - power of the signal Itlystron, V s volume of the sampleo V - volume of the resonator and V~~14 effective volume of the resonator. _(l). show;s_that-the scns:Ltivity of the spectroscope increases va th`izicreasing* the -sensitivity-, can -be increased b y increasing Q 0 0ii them other hand, can be increased by concentrating the high-frequency magnetic field in a small volume. This can be done in coaxial or strip resonators bu-~ in such systems the effective volume is still comparatively large. !'his difficulty is overcome in the resonators represented in Fig. 1, -Where the electromagnetic field is concentr*ated in a narrow slot fomied by the wide wall of a waveguide in a rect- qn-lular step inside it. Such a system behaves as a resonator and can be referred to as a Uslot resonator". It can be iri the form Card 2/3 _65/666/06VO18/018 Cc rak E192/E382 of a transmission~_reso2x'ai~'Or, as shown in Fig. IS, or a reflection resonator Ps in Fig. lae The quality factor of such resonators is 100 to 300* This is exproBsed as Q = h/6 , xthere h is the width of the slot and 6 is the dep?h of the skin-affect layer. Since such resonators have a comparatively low Qo , .he frequencies of the signal and local oscillator klystrons do not have to be particularly stable. Thero are 2 figures and I table. -aktronikj-.-_AN -USSR- ON t1tU41~-YaCT: ~-~Jr al eG crS!;R)- suBmrrTED: )iay i9, 3.962 Card 3/3 Bi&. 1:1 ------- PODGAYETSKIY . V. M. ; CHIMNETS,#. A. N. Spectrophotcaetric study of the and IFK-2000 pulsed tubes. Opt. (Electron tubes) radiation energy distribution in IFK-2000 i spektr. 14 no-3:424-426 Mr t63. (MLU 16:4) (SFectrophotometry) TEXTs Since the.*uBual raethod of produoin8 hypereound, based on the pi.ezo- effect in thin quartz rods or bars plRced in the electric field of a cavity resonator, has met with serious difficulties above 2.4-10 10 cps, mainly arising due to a reduction in dimensions and quality of the resonator, the hypersound excitation by Blow electromagnctic surface waves is of great interest. It is very effective and ca-Akea it possible to reach higher fre- quencies (> 10 10 cps). The present paper gives a theoretics! analysis of this method. A quartz single crystal 13 placed in the field (frequency w, -wave number h) so that the coordinate systea, coincides with the crystallo- graphic directions (X,Y,Z) and x C) forms the surface plane at which the au du du 3U boundary condi ions X x + ~V - 2 L:L - 2 t ax )r, , l "X Oy dx r2 2 1 EX ax .2 3 1 FY are assumed to holds The kinetic equations are solved in first approximatim 1/4 5/020/63/149/001/006/023 Hypervound excitation by slow ... B102/B186 with respect to the small parameterj,,=h/k1 V(')/,e9 the ratio of sonic a velocity in the quartz to the propagation rate of the electromagnetic sur- face wave. The solution reads u, = u,, P, + 0 OL) P, 4- 0 01) P, + P. PA; UY - 0 (P) PI + OUGI P2 + PUDI P3 + PARA, 4), where 0 (A P1 + PUOM PS - (LUI)ZP3 + P.A. P, i = 1, 2, 3; P, aD + 02 U U , u are the projections of the deformation vector, X Is the Y iklm tengor of the elastic moduli, Pl,ik; rl,ik acre the piezoelectric tensors 2 2 '2 (Al,ik Q the density of the quartzi p . h _K, k 0 . C i~6' nn mn, ik 0 ~61v(i)' V(i) is the sonic velocity alol.~; X; e-velocity of light; k A a, PE112)2 4-- (X"~" The hypersonic 'wave amplitudes are' no ard C 2/,j J 0- S/020/63/149/0 bbibi~ Hypersound excitation, by slow... B102/Ble6 L"; UOY~Utw alnl+0701 UOS Orma -arm UGz Till k, a, + Of (6) and the p-oomponents, are eiven by PS PP P P, = P (7). In the Case of t-0 three types of pure sonic waves are exciteds a longitu- dinal one (V(1~1 (2), (5) a ), and tvo crossed transverse ones (V a vB The powers of these waves are - i X Ts E3 v(,')S, W" - -2 MIS + P72n I ~40' ) N21ill + + ~1213r) Us 03)) 2 Card 3/4 0 zi-9 (L121%A2 - )-1.1.4 + )12134') V1 W- -2. s/020/63/149/001/008/023 B102/B186 Hypersound excitation by slow... where 5 is the cross-sectional area of the hypersonic ray. The power ratio bet,ween the longitudinal wave and the electromagnetic wave is >' 1W2 In i/w e X11,11 111 2 2 Where Xs is the hypersonic wave length, 71A C e e a VVC,.L is the length of the crystal along y. This method was used for exciting hypersonic waves in a quartz rod at 4.20K. The frequency reached was 4-10 10 cps and the power ratio agreed with the theoretical one 2 W --,I (R.) . (P-)~C),6 n t1 t2 h h There are 2 figures. ASSOCIATIONt Institut radiofiziki i elektroniki Akademii nauk 'K_c_'R (institute of Radiophysics and Electronics of the Acsdem,~ of UkrSSR) PRESEFTFD; September 12t 1962) by N. IN. AyAreyev, S UB M 1T T/L D t':~epteinber 12, 19oc L_ Card 4/4 ACCESSION NR: AP4032871 S/0051A/016/004/0674/067 6 O.G. AUDIOR: Fodgayetskiy, V-14.; Cho T1921M, : Sane characteristics of a ruby laser with two reflecting prisms SOURCE: Optika i spolctroskopiya,, v. 16, no. -4,, 1964, 674-676 TOPIC TAGS: larer,- ruby.laser, laser reflector, reflecting prism laser, laser emission polarization ABSTRhCT: Recently V. Bernstein, 1-1. and Shu3nan (Proc-IRE,50,1835,i962; Electronics, No. 9,14,1953) and IN. Bertolotti, L. Musii, and.D. Sette (Nuovo cimento, 26, 401, 1962) proposed the use of total internal reClection priGms as the reflectors in lasers and pe3~foracd scme preliminary experiments. How- ever, the characteristics.of such syctemc are still inadequately imawa. Accord- in.crly, the present work was devoted to investigation of the lvrfomance of a ruby ro& laser with two exten-ial triGonal glass prisms in the arrangenent dia- gramea in Fig. I of the Enclosure, 7he ruby rod (about 0.05ri', Cr203) (3 in the figure) w;Ls 8.5 = in diameter and~120 mm long; the angle between the geanetric and optical axes of the rod was Lbout 70* - The distance between the prisma (2) ~Card 1/4 ACCESSIM WH: AP11032871 was about one meter. The results as regards variation in the intenbity ratio of the beams (indications of the intensity detecting; ,knhotocells) as a function of the angle of the analyzer are shown in FiG. 2. The ex-parimental data intUcate that in the case of reflection fran the side of the crystal (Fig. 2ya) the main part of the radiation has virtually plane polarization, whereas in the case of reflection fr'a-4i the side of the prism 21b) the polarization of ~he main Part of Vhe radiation is ncar4 circular. A posdible explanation is suggested. The laser output varies with rotation of the ruby rod about its gecmetric axis. The investigated laser set-up with the pump' power 10 to 30,ja above threshold yielded a radiation line width of 0.1-0.2 cm and a divergence angle of 10 to 30 min. Origs art. has: 2 figures. ASSOCIATIOM ncne SMMTTM: O~J=63 NO REP SOV4. 001 Card 2A, ENCL: 02 SUB CCDE: OP OTW 003 ACCLWION NRt Ap4032ap. ENGLOSUREs. 01 Via. I, Experbnental laser set-up. Pard 3/4 I - Pwition of plate for measure- ments in the right axm of the system; 1.1 - position ot plate for measure- ments in the lef"t am. ENCLOSURE% A00FISSIM M Ap4o32871 02 CL Fig. 2. Variation of the intensity ratio of the beams a3 a functim of the analyzer anGle: a - plate (FiG.1) reflecting frcm W. W- v- the side of the prism; b -~plate 4 1.00- A reflecting from the side of the crystal; 1 - main part of the emis- 0.15. ars sion 1 2 - part of the eMiGoion having a polarization different from Thai of 040- the main-part. W -Its -89 Ir -4r V 0 4r W 80, Card 4/4 GANAPOLISKIYP Ye.M.; CHERIIETS, A.N. -- ----- e- - Resonance absorption of hypersound of frequency 1010 cps in ruby. Zhur. eksp. i teor. fiz. 47 no-5:1677-1682 N 164. (MIRA 18:2) 1. Institut radiofiziki i elektroniki AN UkrSSR. YMU, LI.; PESKI'VATSM, S.A.; ~',HERNETS A.N. zpin."Iattine relaxatinn of Ft,3r ions in natural andalusita at low temperatures, Fly,. tver. tcla 7 nD.2:363-366 F 165. (MIRA 1818) 1. Institut radioftzlki i. eaektruniki A' UkrS~'-R., n2arlkcv. L :L5982 66. EEC (k)-2/V.VA(h)/EWP(k)/.EWT (1)/E'kVT(m)/FBD/T/VJP(e) SCIT-33/1JP(c) ACC NR: Ap6oo4415 WG/10 SOURCE CODE: UR/0051/66/0'20/001/0138/0142 AUTHOR: Podgayetskiy, V. M.; Korneyeva, 0. G.; Che~e~ ~,A_ ORG: none TITLE: The angular distribution of the ager radiation ener 'SOURCE: Optika i spektroskopiya, v. 20, no. 1, 1966, 138-142 TOPIC TAGS: angular distribution, ruby laser, laser energy, laser beam ABSTRACT: The authors measured the angular distribution of the radiation energy in a ruby laser with several types of resonators with external reflectors (either two plane mirrors with 20% and 2% transmission or two 900 total-internal-reflection prisms with various orientations relative to the electric vector). A rose-ruby_j,,, ~crystal rod 45 mm.long and 6 mm in diameter was used, the optical and geomit-ric axes being at an '820 angle. The pumping was dmelcyWo IFK-2000 lamps, placed ~against the-rod and the forced air-was used for cooling. The setup used for the :plane mirrors is shown in Fig. 1, and that used for the prisms was described by -,the authors elsewhere (Opt. i spek1r. v. 16, 6741 -1964). rhe angular distribution iwas measured by a standard photometric techniques. The widths of the directivity Card 1/3 UDC; 62.1-375-9:535 7 ~. I ~.Card 2/3 ..- - - I . - - --.. - - -- ~. . . I ~ .- - I I . L 15982-66 ACC NR: Ap6ooh415 .patterns at half-intensity level in the E and H planes varied very liitid~-Jith the type of resonator or with the operating mode of the laser (from 2.5 to 7 min- utes of angle). A difference was observed, however', in the nature of the dis- tribution of the intensity when mirrors and prisms were used as reflectors. When prisms with parallel right-oxgle edges are used, the photographs show an inter- :ference-fringe structure which depends on the laser operating mode. Orig. art. has: 4 figures, 4 formulas, and 1 table. [021 SUB CODE: 20/ SUBM DATE: 2IOct64/ ORIG REF: 0031 OTH REF: 005/ ATD PRESS: 2, ~Card 3/3 70-66 EVIT (1)/EIVT (m)/EVIP (k)/T/MP(e)/E1VP (w) IJP(c) "AM NR_-_AP603l43O SOURCE CODE: UR/0056/66/051/002/0383/0393 AUTHOR. GanaRol'skiy. Ye. M ; Chernatil N_ (3 ORG; Institute of Radiophysics and Electronics. Academy of Sci (Institut radofiziki i elektroniki Akademii nauk UkrainsRoy SSR TITLE: Hypersound absorption in quart nd rystals SOURCE: Zh eksper i teor fiz* v. 51, no. 2, 1966, 383-393 Ukrainian SSR TOPIC TAGS: hypersound, hypersound absorptioq quartz crystal. ruby crystal. hypersonic wave ABSTRACT: The frequency-temperature dependences f absorption coefficients of a longitudinal and two transverse hyperso - 11 1, irected along the binary x-axis of a quartz crystal have been measured at temperatures between 10 and 300F, at a frequen, of 109-cps and between 10 and 40K at frequencies of 9.4-109 and 4-1010 cps. Absorp- tion of a longitudinal hypersonic wave was measured along the trigonal. Z-axis of quartz and ruby at frequencies of 109 and 9.4-109 cps. It was found that three-phoni scattering of longitudinal and transverse external bypersonic phonons on correspondt longitudinal and transverse thermal phonons, are responsible for hypersound absorptii at low temperatures. This process can be used in explaining the fan-shaped frequenc: temperature variation of the hypersound absorption coefficient. Orig. art. has: 10 formulas, 4 figures, and I table. ICS] SUB CODE: 20/ SUIM DATE: 25Feb66/ ORIG REF: 004/ OTR REF; 014/ ATD PRESS: :ard I/, hS 5083 24(0); 5(4); 6(2) rWE I BOOK EXPLOITATION 307/2215 Vsenoyuznyy nauchno-lealedovatellakly inatitut metrologii Imeni . D.1. Mendeloyeva . Reforaty nauchno-ineledovatollaklkh robot; abornik No.2 (Sclent-Irld Research Abstracts; Collection of Articles, Xr 2) Moscow. 3tandartgiz, 1958. 139 p. 1,000 copies printed. Additional Sponsoring Agencyt USSR. Koaltot standArtav, mer I izmaritellnykh priborov. Zd.s 3. V. Reshotina; Tech. Fd.t M. A. Kond:ratlyev&. PURPOSEs These reports are Intended for scientists, researchers, and engineers engaged in developing standards# seaSurta, and gages for the various Industries. COVERAGEt The volume contains 128 reports on otaM&rds of measure- ment and control. The reports were prepared by scientists of Institutes of the Koositet standartov, ner I lZoneritolInykh prIborov pri Sovete Ministrov SSSR (Comodsolon on Standardap Measures, and Measuring Instruments under the USSR Council of Ministers). The participating Instltutez aret VVIIN - Voonoyuznyy nauchno-inaledovatal-skly metroloat Intent D.I. Mendeleyeva (All-Union Scientific Research Inazitule of met- rology Imeni D.I.-Mandeleycv) In Uningrad; Sverdlovsk branch f this Institute; VNIIX - Voenoyuznyy nauchno-IssledoTatellskly ~.tltut Komiteta otand&rtov, ser 1 Lzmeriteltr3ykh prLoorev Z (All-Union Scientific Research Institute of the Commission an Standards, Xemsurea~ and Measuring instruments), created from M0IMZP - Moskovskly go3udarstvannyy 1notitut nor I i=eritellnykh prlboroy (Moscow State Institute of Measures and Measuring Instruments) October 1, 1,955; VNIIPTRI - Vaesoyuznyy nauchno-laBledovatellakiy Institut flzlko-takhni- chask.tkh I radlotakhnIcho5kikh L=ereniy (All-UnIon Scientirle Research Institute of Physicotechnlcal and Radlo-onglneering Measurements) in Moscow, KhOIMIP 7 Kh&r'k0vck1y gosuda"tvennyy institut mer I I=eriteltnykh pr1borov (Khartkoy State Institute of Measures and Measuring Instruments); and XGZMIP - Hovosi- birskiy gosudarstvenry Institut mer I icneritellrykh prlborov (Novosibirsk State Inatitute or Measures and Measuring Xnatru- s~eLitq). No personalities are mentioned. There are no references. 00;=!gfonand A 5 3 It ru IQ a 0JrAR-b1_n'gn2sY_ooVf1nffr (Nl'vezPr0m)- Studying the Reason& Scales Mark9-L-A-and S N 26 WoRd for Chao , __ . C e!:9 h n:rt6~(Kh"M1p)- Developing a Simplified XG VNIIM IX to Used In Analysis 2S in 'Z~uhd a' IThermostatic Apparatus for Metrological nd 301 d Density M ... urazents 'Time and 29 .dldAtO Or Vrequency Measurements (T"ch1iPr0chko, 3.3., FALtor. Can Tochn1dal Spionoeaj Tkhorzhavskly, O.A., Candidate or Tochvio&l Solonaeli) Toych C1661'51 ~-theg-ta~jcn(P,','.Mn; Studying A.,tr,,n .. Ic,l Pendulum Thai,,- Dally not. and Reducing the Varlatlons prom to 4 0-003 Seconds -aQlQX-'--_Z A 32 . _ __ (VNIIM). Temperature Studios of Astronomical Pendulum Clocks or the AChH Type Card 7/27 33 0 % LITVININKO, L.M.; POLYAKOV. V.P.; GREKOV, A.P.; CHERNBMAYA.A.M. Analysis of aminoantipyrine in t8Bting aminopyrine production.*. 11 no.1:46-4B Ja 157. (MLRA 10:2) 1. Kafedra organicheakoy khimii kharlkovskogo univerviteta imeni A.M.Gorlkogo i TSentrallnaya laboratoriya Eharlkovskogo khimiko- farmatoevticheakogo savoda mKrasnaya zvezdam (PYWIDOM) (ANT IPYRIW USSR /Analytical Chemistry. E-3 ill Analysis of Organic Substances. Abs Jour: Ref. Zhur - Khimiya No. 2, 1958, 4358 Author Litvinenko, L.M., Polakov, V.P., Grekov, A,P., ,Czernetska Title Analysis of the Chloranhydride of Acetylsalicylic Acid. Orig Pub: Med. prom-st SSSR,, 1957,,\No. 4, 42-43 Abstract: The method consists of the mixing of the chlor- anhydride of acetylsalicylic acid solution (1) in 78 with a benzene solution of C6H5NH2; the amount 0 6H NH exce Ieds by- 3 times (in a mol. ratio) that oP (i). The excess of C611c5NH2 is backtitrated potentiometrically with a solut"'on of NaN02 using a Pt indicator electrode. The presence of the N-phenylamide of acetylsalicylic acid in the mix- C ard lp2 CHMETSKAYA, M. ~ . 400 1.. ork of oar geographical group. Geog. v shkole 21 no. 4:61 Jl-Ag '58. (MIRA 11:7) 1. Shkols Ilo. 2 g. Razanke. (Geography--Study and teaching) KORS&KOVA, A.S.; CIMRNETSKAYA, S.G. .1al-W Duration of excretion of dysentery bacteriophage in children in preventive administration of the phage. Zhur.nikrobiol.epid.i immun. no.2:70 F '54. (MIRA 7:3) 1. Iz Instituta apidemiologii i mikrobiologii im. Gamalei Akademii meditsinakikh nauk SSSR. (Dysentery) (Bacteriophage) C!rMMSKAYA,-U,--- MM - - See the now. SOT.foto 17 no.5:28 Mv. 157. (MIRA 1e: 7) (Photoigra,ohy, Journalistic) C I iLll i 4-1 T,3,,:AYA p Z . .~ . 511.iycoflora of the Forests of North Ossetia and Their Phytopatholooi-c-rd Condition," DnevnEI.Vgcsoiuzno.,,,o Slgzda- 3otanikov, 1923, pp. 13~-lZc). (31.11.i. Translation 2135) 30: SIRA, SI 90-~3, 15 December 1953 CHERIZ MUYA., ::. .3. "The Fun,;?us Diplodia pinea (Desm.) Y~irks as a Dan,lerous Parasite on Pine," - j I C :p. 24-23 464-:~! R r2xv~ I-Aterialy r,o Eikolo.--~ii i Fitopatolo~:U, vol. 5, no. 2, 192', 1 60: jUlk, 61 90-53, 15 Doccraber 1953 CHMMETSKArA, Z. S. CHERMMAIA, Z. S. "Diseases of Maize," Nauchpye Trudy Gol:slcQi Zonaltnoi KI&uruzm-Soevo-Kartofellnoi C?Dytnoi Stantsii Seriia 1, no. 4, 1932, pp. 6-78. 106 G682. SO: SIRA - SI - 90 - 53t 15 Dec. 1953o Name: CHWJIRTSKIr., A. 1. Dissertation: Main problems in the cultivation of buckwheat in northern steppe districts of the Ukraine east of the Dnieper Degree: Cand Agr Sci ~ Min Agriculture USSR, Belaya Tserkov' Agricultural Inat Defense Date, Place: 1956, Belaya Tserkov' Source: Knizbnaya letopis', Wo 2, 1957 Auth6r-s h9o 7z;eded Dltcharo in a Magnetic Field Za He Reikhrudel U4080RO for a Special Configurifl-C-n-O-f%'Tw- Ig V* Vasileva Disobarge Gap I A. V. CbernetskW, 2h. Te3ch. pis., Vol 22, 17o..12, 2. M. RIO-=ME pq 2954--,1966, 1952 Scuroev Index Jk9r*=ut1a=jq Vol 11, No* 12, December, 1955, p 111~e' .) . I ~ - RZTKHRUI13L',.B.X.,; GHKRNNMKIT, A.Y.; XIMMVIOH, V.V.; VASIL'YEVA, I.A. Mechanism of discharge in a magnetic ionized manometer. Vest.Mook.un. 8 no.8;87-100 Ag '53. (MIU 6:11) 1. Fisicheekly fakulltet. (Sleatric discharges through gases) (Manometer) a! e 1 14. tam. -r- ~,"Tn ut higb inteawy (up us~ of tmj,A~ it-eding mtsu the maic -t~, A ; ~!q , r 1~ -.~ --'Illtl"l L, tV.1t ncr~sswy' ll;ilr '~d I ."t-f "fg oau .c tl~ Qd M.'i I ~-~wt:'p to u,- . - t~ i fS) The magrict,, thu, t~,ajq 11), catW anil, ilit W1, ',I)t ) c4 01~ t-lnt meat 0 lQw 1'-dylfl A V FD-67i USSR/Nuclear Physics - Ion sources Card 1/1 : pub. 129 - 6/25 Author : Reykbrudel', E. M.; and Chernetskiy, A. V. Title : Certain characteristics of a gas discharge source of ions Periodical : Vest. Mosk. un., Ser. fizikomat. i yest. nauk, Vol. 9, No S1_ 47-54, May 1954 Abstract : The authors describe a gas-discharge ion source in which the ions are obtained from a low-pressure impeded glow discharge under the action of an axially symmetric electric field, and in which use is made of a gap having a particular shape that brings about electron oscillations and hence effective ionization of the gas. The ions are emitted through an aperture in the cathode and are already directional in the discharge. The characteristics of the ion current as a function of the various parameters and the role of the electron-optical system are investigated. Refer to A. Guthrie and W. Wakerling's "Characteristic of electrical discharges in magnetic fields," Nat. Nuclear Energy Ser., 5, 1949 Institution : Chair of Electron Cptics Submitted : July 11, 1952 A (71,1el9AJ ~'t~3 AUTHORS: Vozneaen*aXiyjV-1-p Korotkikh, N.V., 53-4-9/1o Chernetskiy, A-V., Koporskiy A.S. Recording TITLE: Oscillographical Tubes for/Rapidly Occurring Processes (Ostsil- lograficheskiye trubki dlya zapisi bystroprotekayushchikh pro- tsessov) PERIODICAL: Uspekhi Fiz. Nauk, 1957, Vol. 62, Nr 4, PP. 497-522 (USSR) ABSTRACT: The present survey comprises the last decade; it comprises the main methods of oscillographics of processes taking place rapid- ly and also some characteristic problems on rapidly acting elec- tron-beam tubes (for instance for the production of a thin elec- tron-beam post-acceleration.,etc.). The survey is arranged as fol- lows; 1: The methods of velocity oscillo.-raphy. The deflecting systems, the limitations of the usual deflecting systems for high frequency. 2: The electron beam tubes with deflecting system in form of a line with two conductions. 3: The electron beam tubes for the investigation of phenomena taking place rapidly with high efficiency. 4: Microoscillographical tubes- 5: Tubes with a re- flecting system for a travelling wave. 6: The investigation of the ultrashort electronic blobs. 7: The diameter of the spot. 8: The velocity of registration. 91 The dependence of brightness on Card 1/2 current density and on the accelerati6.d voltage. lo: The constrast. Oscillographical Tubes for Rep6rdingRapidly Occuriing Frocessea 53-4-9/10 11: Photography. Summarized survey; Up to now the width of the band of the frequencies to be investigated was increased to loooo megacycles. Tubes with such a_band permit the investigation of processes of a duration of lo 9 see. Most of the tubes have a goud resolving power. The signal to be resolved must have at least 1 V. The registration velocity of 1010 cm/sec obtained for some tubes is in fact a realizable value for serial devices. Frequency distortions in deflecting systems, however, hitherto prevented the sufficiently accurate investigation of those transition pro- cesses the spectra of which exceeded looo megacycles. At present oscillographical tubes are needed by means pf-which transition processes of a duration of from 10-9 to 5A0--Lsec and with ampli- tudes of some tenths of a volt can be investigated. Accordinglyj improvements of the frequency characteristic of the deviations and the resolving power of the oscillographic tubes has to be aimed at when developing new tubes. There are 19 figures, 3 tab- les and 55 references, 13 of which are Slavic. AYAILA13LE.- Library of Congress Card 2/2 tj E TS K, ~ 4. V AUTHORS: Chernetskiy. A. V., Korotkikh, N. V., 53-4-6111 KonorsIdy, A. S.. . Voznesenskiy., V.-T. TITLE" The Electronic Methods of the Production of Ultrashort Pulses (Elektronnyya metody generatsii sverkhkorotkikh Impullsov)e PERIODICAL** Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk, 1957, Vol. 63, Nr 4, pp. 801-812 (USSR). ABSTRACT.,, The present survey is arranged as follows: Introduction., the pro- blems occurring in connection with the production of pulses by electronic methods (destruction of a "packet"*,excitation of the output device), the pulse generator of the klystron type, a tube with transversal deflection of the beam as generator for very short pulses, the combined generator, a pulse generator with magm netic deceleration; summary: The electron generators have a good future. Their main advantages are simplicity, stable operation, the possibility of producing very short pulses in a wide range of frequency* The fact that a present these devices are only rarely used may be explained by the novelty of the methods of electronic pulse production. They are still not known to a wide circle of specialists. Besides, the generators used at present are mostly of low efficiency and their applicability is limited. However , Card 1/2 . the development of the methods discussed here as well as of that The Electronic Methods of the Production of Ultrashort Pulses. 53-4-6/11 of methods still to come opens up,new possibilities for pulse technics. There are 7 figures, 1 table, and 9 references# 3 of which are Slavic. AVAILABLE: Library of Congress, Card 2/2 I CU,METSKIY,, A.V. _kard.- fiz.-mat. nauk., red.; LMIIZE, L.G., insh., AVDRETMKO, Z.D., red.; VLASOVA, W.A., tekhn. red. [Some problems of physical experimental technique in studying gas discharges] Nekotorye voprosy tekbnik-i fizicheskogo eksperi- ments. pri issledovanii gazovogo razriada; nauchno-tekhnicheskii sbornik, Moskvaj Gosatomizdate RoO. 1961. 120 (MPIRA 1515) (Electric discharges thropgh gases) S/i25/61/000/003/0011/008 AUTHORS: A-P-~ Zinov'yev, O.A , Cherne-tskiv, A.V T IT LE: ii~i,_rnwave method.-j for the a-easti-en"Ont oi electron, concclitra- on ;1~a~;Llla. SOURCE: Nckoto) Y%;!-, ~,,q;_rosy tekhmki iiz;. 3!~(~go eksj:-erinienla pri ..ssledovan"; ~?,a Z OV Og C, Z' Va da; nauc hno -i y s bo rn it-_ n o. 3. A. V . C h er - neLskiy C-:: L.,G. Lornize, eds. Mosc,,-~;, Ciosatomizdat, 1961, 3-30. TEXT: This is a state - of - Lhe- -art report on 'lit of microwave methods for the x-r-easurerrient of varl,)~-, -. parameters (elect-z-,A1 temperature, c fli~i7,-- en i? r g ylosses, etc.) ot' tlx~~ plas-cria, of a gaseous dischar~)e without introducing i.`- 6itional clectrojx~; an-3, hon~:c, perturbations into the. plzisn-ia. The primary ob,iect- ive of this paper is t.!,(. detern-iiniition by nwans of (1) micro- ,Y.!ave t ri-ris illurn i nation, and (11) by interferoryieLry. Macroscopic Maxwellian theory of electromagnetic waves in an ionized gas is expounded in conformity with Al'pert, Ya. L., Gir]-ZlAlrg, V. L., Feynbc-1--? Ye. L. Rasprotitran-niye radiovoln (RaO'oY--,jv& propagatiori). Moscow. Gosticldhi~-dat, t953. In the rc..;u1iing equition for the pru- pagation of' ;i normally in- iden.' plaiie olectrun,agnetic the dependence of the glo'bal -_puk.:ifi(_ .~,rln or the projwf-tivs of the plasl~na renlains C;k rd 1 /3 Some inicrowave nie-thods ~5/7.~'.---,1611'000/003/001/008 to be explored. This i,,i in term-,; ,-.1 the rati,_i between the in-plasma wavellength and thi, wiivclr~ngtil, 1) and of the absorption inclex, -y . The effect of elf, C-Xru _iii ionized gas, Whit-- ki Cause s the electrons ;o thf~ i -1 n ,! k~ct wave to foiloxv curvilinear trajeLLO-rlc~l the -A the Lorent... 1'.1rcu, is investigated, and it is con- cluded that the _,;r;E~c:f4C capacitance ..' in ioniLed gas is linearly dependent on the electron density 'iWz presence a:iil in the absence oi an e.-,-ternal mag- netic field. A ,ujn~ria Cl.,tioi~ oi the metho_-i js given with ~o v.--..A:.: :-_, 'Ool~~oy-'Savelyev, G.G., ZhETF, v.38. n-). 1~,&O, 39-1, 1 on -it,~ Pe, aceful Uses of Atomic EnercFN SoN -t papc--- 7 ;I, IWb8WI!_1, !~A~_,scow. Atornizdat, 1959, 8~;; Vvt- ~onov, f~, r%-~a~_ ' I Co-f . p. 1,13; Harding et al., ibid., foreign 3. 1. T.r~r p n, n ne -n. onzz c) e a r r ea Cti On S , P. also ct S -72 5 ~6 1 1 'Abst_ - I 003 /002 _!OM~) T In nri r ) () er ra 0 s rtaias r i lie ele ct c n c nc a L" n i- Srnal':el" 0.''1 ..~I -,!) the w,.~Lvt; 13,Y the t*.-.--iti~:;!',.t,,.-iii,,,a~~ic)ii . device) ci g ~,cLnce ceases b!~cause the refraction index and . and the :_-,!r0) than the criticall coric ent ration, but does n6t indicate it~, 1~:_J~S- T-lar&nq inultiple -frequency method is not viewed as advI--,I-. tmultaneous us,,- of several microwave Card Z/3 S0111t. MiCrOwavt~ Inothods ... S/ 1 /000/003/001 generators appears tw-diffictilt an Lo.OC practicable. Tht., of the adaptation of -neth-_),ds previoui;ly useu in opz~cs to th,.~ dett--rmination 01 microwave- propagation characteristic~i b,'.. -.71d .-kniplitude comparison is briefly reviewed and major attention is f-cused on the microwave Interferollieter described by Wharton, C.B., &, Slager.. D,*M., ir, IRE Trans.Nuci.Sci., v.NS-6, no.3, 1959, 20, and in J.Appl.Phys., v.31, nc-!, 1960, 428. This systeni, which comprises a ineastiring and a refe"el-1U., channel, serves well with relatively ~-it:ak discharges in a gas, but is iiicrvasingly affected by noise'at greater disk.h~,Lrvge in- tensities. The devIce proposed by Dropkin,H.A., IRENat.-Gonv.Rec-, v.b, r10. 1, 1958, 57, which employs a frequency shifter, is described and terrrLed more! nois~- proof and more accurate. 'rhe inadequate tirne-resolving power of this devic_,2 is said to be overcome by the employment of auper-HF generato,.-S as propose-d by Thompson, M.G., &. Vetter,M.J.-, 1",ev,Scient.histrurn., %!.29, no.Z, 195'~' 1.1i" which is described in detail, and operational p-k-,~edureS speCif-led by Wharton, Howard, et al., in the Trans. Zd Internatl Gonf. aLc. , 1959, 67 5, are reported. There are I I figures and 23 references ( U, ~ viet, 7 Engli sh- language, and 9 English-language papers in their Russian 'ri ASSC-CIA"I Nione Card 3 /3 -7 S/725/61/0001!003/003/008 AUTHORS: Voznesenskiy, V.I., Chernetskiy, A. V., Sere~,riyskiy, I. N. TITLE: The blurring of electron clusters due to Coulomb forces under the c(-,2;,- pensating effect of an initial velocity modulation. SOURCE: Nekotoryye voprosy tekhniki fizicheskogo eksperimenta pri issledovanii gazovogo razryada; nauchno-telrhnicheskiy sbornik, no. 3. A. V. Chernetskiy & L.G.Lomize, eds. Moscow, Gosatornizdzit, 1961, 53-59. TEXT: This theoretical analysis of the changes occurring in short freely- moving electron clusters - whether monochromatic or initially velocity- scattered - is of value in the generation of electron clusters for the creation of ultra-short (10-9 to 10- 12 sec) pulse voltages with gr eat iteration frequency, attaining hundreds of mcps, which is useful in the generation of 'electromagnetic waves, in accelerator design, etc. It is important to know how rapidly the electron clusters will blur under the effect of their own space charge and to try to find a method for their conservation over a relatively long distance. Short-wave generation by means of the Vavilov-Cherenkov effect and transient or bremsstrahlen radiation (for non- relativistic beams) can produce a noticeable effect only if this problem is overcome. The Coulomb- force- produc ed blurring of electron clusters was investigated by Card 1/3 The blurring of electron clusters ... S/725/61/0001'003/0031008 GA. Zhi I eyl~,, (ZhT F, -~ 31, no.4, 1961, 508) for spherically shaped clusters, and the repulsive'lurces %4'cre found to be dxcleedingly significant for small cluster sizes. The present study examines the blurring of cylindrically- shaped clusters; in this case the repulsivo forces are found to be not overly great and are, in any event, finite even for infinitely small longitudinal cluster dimensions (for a given transverse size). The change of the spatial density of the cluster in the course of its motion is accounted for approximately. It is shown that the shape of a cluster may be regarded as invariable, so long as the longitudinal cluster diniension is considerably smaller than the transverse dimensions. For short cluster "durations" (ratios of the longitudinal dimension by its mean velocity), 10- 11 to 10- 12 sec. this requirement is satisfied (e. g., if v= 5- 109 cm/sec, the cluster length is 5 - 10-2 to 5 - 10-3cm with a diameter of a few mm). The influence of the metallic or dielect- ric walls is disregarded. This is justified for most practical applications, namely, in linear accelerators, electronic ultra-short pulse generators, etc., where the tube diameter is fairly large. The calculation comprises the determination of the longitudinal size of a cluster as a function of the space-charge density (assumed to be uniformly distributed over the cluster), the time, and the magnitude of the initial velocity scatter; the radial spread is assumed to be counteracted by a magnetic field. Cylindrical coordinates art: used, with the origin at the center of the cluster. The calculation (and grapluc representatio,i) of the timewise chan 'ge of the longitudi- nal dimensions of th.- cluster shows that, when the initial relative velocity is Card 2/3 The b!urein~, of clearon clusters ... S/7Z5/611 '000/00.i/00" /00b nonzero, the cluster initially shrinks to a certain inirilinal length anci then hef-"!~ to blur out. Thiti approximate calculation shows that Fi cyl-indric-a' -f cally very sniall dimensions is, in principle, achievable, since the replllsi"rt~ fc-l-ce rernains finite. A comparison of the caseii in -swhich the initial relative velo-ity is zero and no-azero, ri~Fpectively, shows that an initial velocity Modulation !7 lengthen the distance ovr-r which the cluster is conserved. There are 2 fligur-~-s --iriG 6 references~ including 3 recent Soviet references (Koporskiy, A.S., et al., Us~-~. fiz. nauk, 1957, 601; Zhileyko,G.I., Cand. Diss., Iri-t Radioelektr., AN SSSR. 1959, and ZhTF, v.31, no.4, 1961, 508) and 3 earlier English- language refe-~-Ciices (Enslein, Rev. Sci. Instrum., v.Z5, 1954, 574; Hastid, D., Phis. (sic!) Soc., 'Proc V.00? 1948, 340; and Grant, R., et al., J. Appl. Phys., v.25, 1954, 574). ASSOCIATION; None given. C-ard 3 /3 h2h55 S/7Z5/63 /000 ;W-)` AUTHOR: Ghernetskiy,,A, V, TITL.E: The high-voltage pillse regime of a Penning-type 1-wi sourct!. SOURCE: vopro-,y tekhrtiki fizicheskogo P"; ~11~JZ 10" Og,~) iazi-yada; nauchno-tekhnicheskiy sbornii-, no-5. A.V.Cht~r- ni-t~ikiv & -",.G.Lornize, eds. Moscow. Gos-,itom,zdat, 1961, 1-05-;~" T;. --the-art report, accompanttad hy exporiniental T f Is a Mate of On it) the development Of PUlSe-tyjW iOll SOUI-CCS. WiliCh a" pfAu,-iLi'-',7Z value in thermonuclear devices and accelerators. An-lon ther essentl 'koi as yet fulfilled is an irnpulse ion source easy nianufacture endl~w-d with (i~~siral (e operating characteristics. Much promise. is st~cn in tht'. lligh-v'-Atange palse-fed "Penning tube" (Penning, F., Physica, vA, 1937, 1190) was first t(-.sted by R. Keller (HeIv.Phys.Acta, v. ~"'. j?49. -((3; v. Z3, 1950, T[w nias~ylitm,i imi cori t~jits achieved were Z2 Illa. ITI 19~2 Ow present author atta i ne,d ion curre~its of 130 ma at a pressure of 10--~turr (nini Hg) and 0. 5 a at 9 10-` torr, vvitn a pull-ie duration of a few (appx. 5) fnici-csec and a repetition ratu i" 50 cps. CqllipTnent c-f R..N.Aeyer~rid and S.Brtj%vr~ The more recent experimental I v.30, 1959, 2) is criticized as incapablt~ of producing ion currenti:. grf,p_tcr than 20 to 30 ma and of operating at pressures below 10-3 Card I I'll T~f! lilgh-voltage pull,,e rf--girne of a Penning-type. 5/17Z5/61/000/00311007/00~,' The d0l.thOT ' S 195Z equipment is described in detail, including the rnanufacture of tht- Pczining tube (anode wire ring, two cathodes, all electrodes made of HF-dcaassed rnolybcl(muni, the tube itself of molybdenurn glass oven- annt.-aled at 4000C) and the accessorle,s Gin ion-beam focusing lens electrode, the extornal rnagnetic.-fieid coi"' and a pulse oscilloscope used for measurement. The physical phenon-iena occurring durin,2 the discharges within the Penning tube are des'crii)cd (cf. Reykhrudel' , E. M. et al., ZhTF, v. 12, no. 12, 1952; Smirnitskaya, G. V ., et 'Al., ZhTF, v. 29, no. 2. 19-59), includii)g the Jon - flow- aug menting effect of ;.~ pulhng fieW and tht~ beneficial effect of an e~'-ternal magnetic field. High-voltage pLikst: op(-3-tion was performed without application of a pulling field, since the ions .vere being accelerated sufficient- ly by the cathode poti_nttial drop of the discharge. lon-currvrit vs. pre9sure graphs show a sharp, current increase at higher pressures, tbiil, ,.tvt-n at pressurt-s- (10-1 to 10- torr) appreciable ion currents %vt-re at'ani~t(J with a tubt- voltagi-I of 6 (rnagnetic "ield stIrf.-rigth: 570 oe). The Penning tube, Operatco in a hici- vo!Lag-_- PLI15C reg.-'rnel as regardud as one of the mo!A effectivp. ~~Jd vet sim"Plest. io" sourc~_~_. The reasoli~.. are as follows: (1) The high ene!:~,v J -rie electrons and their effcc--jv~_ confinernent, iii the discharge space yields an inLtnse of the gas wlucri is hv secondary processes, such as 'he of electrc'ns in ti-e space and knoclking-out of electron8 froni Hitt s~,rfac.(!-' (, -ation t)f Z) loc the r-iost ation near the cathode.~; fZj(:jj.I,;kft- fGj'tj.jjji()jj; Card 2/3 The high-voltage pulse regime of a Penning-type. S""74'5/61 /G00/003 /007/008 (3) high- anode -voltage operations yield adequate flux at low ressur :--n-4 p e to 10-5 torr) without differential pumping; (4) at higher pressures (110- to 10 _torr) appreciable currents (up to 0. 5 a) are achieved inore easily and in":xPk~11si".e1v tIL3-;;, for example, with arc sources; the construction of he Pennirig-tzbc~ de%,ice is practicable for any average laboratory; (5) tht'. Ievi f, 1'."' Suitable for 10119-tern) stable operation; (6) according to the Meycrilid Pi-,- p_ipei- th- Peiming pulse sources yield up to ;507o more atomic ions. (3 Soviet and 5 English- language). ASSOCIATION: None given. Card 3/3 ACCESSION URI AT4025310' 8/0000/63/000/000/0199/0211.' AUTHORSs Kozlove 0. V.1 Rodin, A. M.r Rusanov, V. D.# 8kablor We Aq Chernetskiye A. V. TITLEs Plasma diagnostics by atom and ion beams SOURCEt Diagnbstika plammy* (Plasma diacjnostics)l eb. statey. Moscow, Gosatomizdat, 1963, 199-211 TOPIC TAGS: plasma interaction, discharge plasma, gas discharge, magnetic analysis, charge exchange, plasma research, ion beam, atom beam ABSTRACT: Apparatus is described for the prcbing of a plasma of an oscillating diadbarge in gas by means of accelerated and focused ioji beams or by means of cbarge-exchanged atom beam . Formulas are derived for the'attenuation of ion beanas in gases and are fouiid to be in good agreement with eVerimente for the pairs Ae Ar. He* ACCESSION NR% AT4025310 He, H +-o, Hw, He+-v- Ar andothers. The discrepancy between the experimental'and calculated data becomes appreciable at high pres- sures. The limiting pressure amounted to (2--3) x 1015 cm-2 for the pair Ar+-.+ Ar with Ar+ energy 10 keV and about 1016 cm-2 for the H+ -,.H2 pair. Analogous results were obtained by measuring the broadening of the lines of the magnetic-analyzer spectrum. Mea- surements were also Made of the dependence of the ion density on the discharge current. Apparatus wag; developed for the study of magnetosonic resonance and used to measure the attenuation of atomic argon beams in a hydrogen plasma, atomic helium beams in a helium plasma, and atomic argon beams in helium plasma. It is concluded that in spite of certain dkfficulties, the method of determining plasma parameters by means of beams of fast particles is worthy of serious a-Ltention, since it has undisputed advantages (practical elimination,\of contacts, locality of probing, wide range of measured quantities,,and possibility of quantitative determination of the plasma composition), It in also concluded that atomic beams are ACCESSION URt AT4025310 more suitable for the determination of characteristics of charged particles. The operating speed of measurements with particle bemw can be made quite high# with a low resolution time* Orig. ari. has: 7 figures and 6 formulas. ASSOCIATIONs None SUBMITTEDs 190ct63 DATE ACQ t.16Apr64 ENCL: 02 BUD -.6iDE tME OR REP SM 00.4' 07FRi '004 _mo PION M:-AT400~~iO RNCLODSURR:,O InstAllation with, magnetic -analyzer M Y17 source, II focusing electrode'system, III -\ 'gas discharge chamber,, IV - magnetic analyzer V - oolleotorp VI vacuum pump unit 1-UMBSION NRs AT4025310 4 164 $FROM, 14 .0 Sounding of a plasma with a high-frequency pulsed Installation: 1 ion source, 2 charge exchange chambers 3 transition tube, 4 bellows connections 5.- gas discharge glass tube, 6 plasma pinch, 7 - screens 8 - magnetic core, 9 - bellows connection, 10 - deflecting platesp 11 collector units 12 -cathode followers 13 - to registration block, 14 - to pump, 15 - to leak valve, cow sA 16 to supply. block IWIV~PIP .- ~* " I -- 1-.1 - - ~ I, ~ 1. ------ - -- - E I'tt - , -!~ --, , .., j-,-. -.- ,lf, 3. L 1", MINE= -:., ...1.:- 1-1 ... 2 t-- .- - , J~ " i_ If ' 87/6 CC NRz AP6011913 SOURFE'CODE: UR/0141/96/009TO52/02 AUTHOR: Illin, S. D., Petrusev S. S., Che sk y, A., V. titut) Ell ORG: Moscow Aviation Institute(Mkakcvskiy aviatsionnn, ins TITIS: Separating device for multifrequency Slip plasma Probing SOURCE: 1VUZ.- Radipfizika, v. 9, no. 2, 1966, 287-291 TOPIC TAGS: superhigh frequency, frequency selection, plasma probe ABSTRACT: A powe.rdistribution system for simUltane`bim; multifrequency plasma prob ing is described. It operates over a wide frequency range and is provided with sequential separation of the channels for each frequency. The system (shown in Fig. 1) consists of a single mi-crowave track with frequency separator elements each I Fig. 1. Microwave signal separator I !5*' -j F consisting of one Cht7byshev bandpass filter and one high-pass filter. The filter arrangement is such, that the lower frequency spectrum is separated and branched out Card 1/2 UDC: 533.9-07 L, 22880-66 ACC NRs Ap6o-- 1913 of the-track as the signal progresses from element to element. Design f o mul as are given for calculating thenecessary, filter parameters of a sample system operating on. Table ncr Iter el/C- calc measured, calc. meas ed a3 ur 05 30 30 2 1.710 0,96 0,80 30 30 7 10 0,96 0,76 30 the 3-cm wavelength. A numNer of filters were ciesigned for frequencies covering the range of critical plasma paxticle con cent rat ,,,n from 1012 to 7 x 1013/cm3. The characteristics for three f'ilters are shrjw.,-. accompanying table. where rier is the critical electron concentration a: - /P: is the output to innzut power L ~n ratio -for a filter whose passband is w,, pllasma frequen-Y) _~Ln C;, th e attenuation of a particular signal 'n - n= ad~ a,-e,-,,, h ann e I s i-S 5 formulas and 5 figures. LBDJ, -)7 -A' H RE CK A77- _I'F nonc Cc;rd .i'ACC NW Ukhachev,V.M.; Petru3ev,8.9.;Clierrwtskt-vA.V_. Ano: T 1TIZ Location of moving plasmn bursts Irm a conxinl injector SO'Oj-LrE: Zhurnal tekhnichesltoy fiziki, v. 36, no. 1, 1966, 53-57 TOPIC TAGS: plasma diagnostics, plasma velocity, Doppler shift, microwave hydrogen plasma A ~~ ABSTRACT: The authors have employed a micrownve Doppler shift rada technique to m0a.913re III'-- yels~rktlea Q1 h-zdrPeeX1 nIn-mg htxrqt-; injected at velocities from 3.6 x 106 to 1.5 x 10' cm/sec into a 10 cm di=eter 130 cm long glass drift tube by a conical plnsma gun powered with a 6 RV 20 pF capacitor bank. The measurenents were undertaken to explore the possibilities of the Doppler shift technique. For control purposes the velocities of the plasma bursts were also measured with two microwave transmission cutoff setups located at different positions along the drift tube. microwaves in the 3 cm rnnge were employed for both the cutoff and the Doppler shift measurements. In the Doppler shift measurements a single dielectric antenna, coupled with n 10 db direc- tional coupler with a directionality of 25 db, was employed for both radiation and reception. In order to determine the influence of the fluctuations of the rellecting surface of the plasma burst on the frequency of the reflected signal, Doppler shift Card 1/2 UDCt 533.2 'ACC: 004078 R1 measurements were made at several angles .(up to 400) to the line of flight. Good agreement was obtained among all the velocity measurements, and it Is concluded that the Doppler shift technique can be used to measure the velocities of plasma bursts With further development the method will provide other data, Including the time varia- tion of the velocity, tho trajector# the direction of flight,-and information concern- ing the internal structure of the-plasma burst. The authors thank Professor M.S. Rnbipovich and the staff of the laboratory for valuable discussions, and A.N.Pa tvuBhi and G.I.Ochinnikov for assistance with the experiment. Orig. art. has: I formula, 5 ligureB and I table.- SUB CCDR: 20/ SUBM DATE: 25Jan65/ ORIG MW: 002 OnI REF: ODO 2/2 Ysr.' ACC NR: AM6023687 Monograph U-"/ .:-~,179hernetakiy,,.-.Alekep,ndrV g Anbto4lyevich; Kozlov, Oleg Uoillyevichi Zinov'Yev, Ole !Vasillyevich !AA Apparatus and methods for plasma,"ludies (Apparatura i metody plazmennykh issledovaniy) a *Moscow, Atomizdatj 65- .0363 P. illus., biblio, 3,190 copies printed. TOPIC TAGS: plasma measurement, plasma radiation, plasma research, plasma diagnostics PURPOSE AND COVERAGE: The techniques and equipment for investigating the basic ,paremeters of a plas le.g., charged particle density, particle temperature, degree of ionization, etc, are considered. After a brief discussion of the properties of a plasma, superhigh frequency techniques a-ad apparatus are described, including antenna, waveguide, and oscillator systems. Measurements of plasma radiation in the radio and submillimeter regions are discussed together with the instrumentation requirements. i The final section of the book is devoted to corpuecular properties of a plasma: neutral and charged particle flux, pressure, and composition of the plasma. The use of tritium, atomic, and molecular beams for probing plasmas is discussed'. The book concludes with two appendices; the first contains tables describing equipment used for plasma measurements, the second contains discharge and stripping cross section and energy tables. TABLE OF CONTENTS Za-bridged7: F -Card 113 UDGI 533-9-071 L 01999 6 7 _Acc'i4k~__kf6df36bf_ Foreword - - 3 Introduction - - 9 Section I. General problems of superhigh frequency diagnostics of plasma 13 Ch. 1. Electromagnetic properties of plaBma - - 13 Ch. 2. Basic superhigt. frequency units of diagnostic apparatus - -.21 Bibliography for Section I - - 46 Section II.. Superhigh frequency apparatus for active diagnostics of plasma 54 Ch. 3. Measurement of plasma parameters by the cutoff and "two-frequency" methods 54 Ch- 4- Measurement of plasma electron density by the resonator method 66 Ch- 5. Phase-measuring devices .,'or studying plasma parameters with carrier phase measurement 74 Ch. 6. Phase-measuring devices with frequency conversion 93 Ch- 7-- Plasma locators - - 131 Bibliography for Section II - - 142 Supplementary bibliography for Section 11 146 Section III. Apparatus for Measuring natural plasma radiation - - 149 Introduction 149 Ch. 8. Measurements in the radio region 154 Ch. 9. Measurements in the submillimeter region,- - 198 Bibliography for Section III - - 210 Section IV. Apparatus and methods of corpUBoular diagnostics of plasma 212 Ch. 10. Investigation of corpuscular fluxes of plasma 213 Card L 01999-67 ACC NR: AL"6025687 Ch. 11. Particle beam soundings of plasma - - 253 Ch. 12. Apparatus for investigating pressure and ga3 composition - - 316, Bibliography for Section IV 333 App~ndix 1 - - 344 Appendix 2 - - 353 SUB CODEs 20/- SUBM DATEs 25Nov65/ ORIG REP: 310/ OTH REFt 102 V, 1,4 Lard 3/3 CHERNLTSKn, F. [ChernetsIcyi, F.1 Pulse of the sever-year plan.-Znan; ta pratsia no;294-5 F.462. (MMA 15s2) (Kharkov-Turbines) I DEMIDYUK, F.; CtMMTSKIY, G.; BEMIS, A. In the struggle for the title of enterprise, shop, brigade, and shook worker of communist labor. Muk.--elev. prom. 28 no.7:22-24 JI 162. (MIRA 15:9) 1. Umanskaya realizatsionnaya baza Cherkasskoy oblasti (for Demidyuk, Chernetski , 2. Nizbnetagillskiy mellnichnyy Kambinat (for Neyms)~) (Grain handling) SIPITINER, Yu.B., inzh.; CHERNCTSKIY, Mop Inzhe Standardixed parts of founding equipment. Stroi.1 dor. mashinoetr. If n0-8:34-35 Ag 159- (MIR& 12:12) (Foundry machinery and suppllea) CIMMUETSKIY, G.I., inzb.; SIPITINER, Tu.B., inzh. 1. -1 .-1.: 4:. - , , ". Combination die for banding clampa. Stroi.i dor.mashinostr. n0-7:29-30 Jl 159. (MIRIL 121-11) (Dies(Mntalworking)) CHERIIETSKIY, I.G., inzh.; SIPITINFAR, YU.B., inzh. Universal device for gear milling designed at Voestanic" Plant. Stroi.i dor.mashinostr. 4 S '5 9. (Gear-cutting machinos) the "Lknvarskoe no-9:31-32 (141RA 12:11) GHW SKIY, Gol.; SIPITIMM. Yu.B. lathe operator and innovator. Yashinostroltall no.10:30-31 0 159. (Turd w -Technological innovations) (mu 13:2) CHERIMSKIY, G.I.; SIPITIIM, Yu.B.; SHVARTSBURD, Mo-P. Readjuxtable universal pneumatic attachments. Hashinstroitell no.8:27 Ag 160. (MIRA 13:9) (M4chine tools-Attachmente) SIPITINER, Yu.B., inzh. CHIUM~T 1~ ~., lnzh. Devices for turners-innovators. Stroi. i dor. mashinostr. 5 no.4:36-37 Ap 160. (MIRA 13:9) (2brnlA,-:,Technologleal innovations) 8/193/60/000/009/009/013 A004/AO01 AVEHORS: Sipitiner, Yu.B., Chernetskiy,_gj, TITLE: The K-401 Diesel-Electric Crane, A PERIODICAL: Byulleten' tekhniko-ekonomicheskoi informatsii, 196o, No. 9, pp. 43-45 TEXT- Based on the design of a team of designers of the OGK, the zavod (Plant) im. Yanvarskogo vosstaniya in 1959, manufactured a pilbt model and pre- pared the serial production of UFe 7K-401 diesel-electric crane on pneumatic tires, possessing a lifting capacity of 40 tons. The power equipment of the crane consists of a 100-hp KAM -100 (KDM-100) diesel engine and an a-c generator. The costs of the KDM-100 diesel engine are by 2.4 times lower than those of the 2A -6 (2D-6) diesel engines used on the K-252 and K-501 cranes. A serial reduce of the PM (RM) series is used for the drive of the main, bucket and jib winches. A new feature of this crane model is an additional jib of 10 m length which is mounted on the main jib of 25 m length. The jib projection is 14 m while the lifting height amounts to 30 m (at a lifting capacity of 5 tons). The author presents a description of the crane design and points out that the application Card 1/2 S1193160100010091009A13 The K-401 Diesel-Eleotric Crane Aoo4/Aooi of an electric a-cdrive, using standard big-series electric equipment, instead of a d-c drive, possible to decrease th6 cost of electric equipment by 30%, to reduce the'weight and overall dimensions of the electric equipment, to ensure the power supply of the electromotor from the 3-phase main*, to use the crane as a movable power station for the supply of the outdour mains and lighting network, to facilitate the replacement and repair of broken down electric equip- ment. Since the use of an a-c drive reduces the speed ;.egulation range of t-he motors, a dynamic-brake is provided for, which operates during the lowering of loads. The direct current necessary for the supply of two phases of the electro- motor during the braking process is obtained from selenium rectifiers fed through a steD-down transformer. The following technical data are given; longitudi- chassis base - 4,440 mm; height during transportation = 4,195 mm, maximum width of crane - 3,950 mm; radius described by the slewing part of crane = 4,250 mm, width of wheel track = 3,210 mm, wheel diameter - 1,220 mm; speeds: lift of maximum load = 5 m/min, load lift by auxiliary hook = 14 m/min, lift of loaded bucket = 28 m/min, turning of the slewing part = 0.5-1.5 rpm, travel = 6-14 km/ hour; weight of additional 10 m Jib = 450 kg, weight of crane with 15 m Jib and hook = 49,500 kg. There is 1 figure. Card 2/2 s/iq3/6o/6oo/oio/bli/bl5 AOO4/AOOl AUTHOR: Chernetskiy, G. I TITLE: The Pneumatic-Tyre K-124 Crane With Hydraulic Controls 14 PERIODICAL: Byulletent tekhniko-ekonomicheskoy informatsii, 1960,'No.!O,pp. 41-42 TEM The Odesskiy zavod im. Yanvarskogo vosstan~iya (.Odessa Plant im. Yan- varskoye vosstaniye) has designed and manufactured a pilot model of the new self- propelled full 'revolving K-124 crane with a lifting capacity of 12 tons, which is hydraulically controlled. The crane is intended for loading and unloading opera- tions, structural and mounting works and for the handling of loose material with the aid of a 1. 5 m3 grab bucket. For structural =d. mount ing operations the boom length can be extended from 10 m to 18 and 22 m by insertion pieces of 8 and 4 m length. For the handling of large-sized loads the crane is fitted with a tandem, having an operational boom of 2.2 m. The crane mechanisms are driven by the (SMD-7) diesel engine of 55 hp and a three-gear transmission box. The use of the diesel engine lowers the fuel consumption by 9 kg per shift. All units of the era crane are hydraulically controlled, except the brakes of tAie load and bucket winches. Control is effected with the aid of three handles and four pedals. The Card 1/4 s/193/6o/Ooo/bio/On/015 The Pneumatic-Tyre X-124 Crane With Hydraulic Controls A004/AO01 traveling mechanism of the crane is equipped with antifriction bearings mounted in the H-shaped lower frame with the aid of two barrels:. In this way t1he ground clearance of the crane and its passability are increased. The loading character- istics of the crane are shown ih the following table: rpy3oaast xapaitTepHcTnua xpatia A rpY3. M q.a AonojillIfTelth- joe3 AonomutTexh- BbzAeT. .9 :F BUCOTa noxbema' xplaxa, At Hux Onopax jiwx onop CTPCJIA AARNOR M .9 12,0 10.0 4,2 9.0 9.0 7.5 5 0 8.6 515 4.5 7:0 7.85 -3.0 2.5 10.0 4,6 CTpenft'AA11HOA 18 x (6e3 ryebtia) 5.15 5.0 6.0 4.0 3.0 8 0 2.0 .1.5 12:0 14.0 card ~/4 S/193/60/000/010/011/015 The Pneumatic-T)rre K-124 Crane With Hydraulic.Controls A004/AOOl Table continued: CTPCqa AAHaoA IS x (c ryebicom) 2,6 2,0 17 CTpeita MnioA 22 At MC3 ryCbKa) 3,6 3.0 7.0 20.1 115 1,2 12.0 19.0 17.0 0,7 M 15.0 0.4 0,3 20.0 11,5 CTpeits AAHnoil 22 x (c rycuvom) 1.5 21.2 A loading characteristics of the crane; B - load in 'tons; C - with additional props; D - without additional props; E.- boom in m; ;F - lifting height of hook in m; 1 - boom of 10 m length; 2 - boom of 18 m length (without tandem); 3 boom of 18 m length (with tandeml 4 - boom of 22 m length (without tandem) 5 - boom of 22 m length (with tandem). Card 3/4