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KORACHXT-SUT, I.A.t RtIRNOT, B,X,,) otv,,rod,g WZN]M,, A.S,, ss.Toftyushchijr rvdi's&T-ar,-0G=, L.K... t4khu,rode CUkLiforst tim and pay standards; for congtraetton, assembly. and repair operations in 1960,1 Zdiny* noriW i-ratteenki, a& strai- teltnye, montashnys L remoutno-stroitel'Ve. raboty, 1960 go KoskTa, Gos.lsd-va, lit-rT PO strott., arkhtt. i atroit.,naterialam. SborzLilc 3. [Kasour7 workJ Kamenuxe rabotr. Ko,.Z (Stone bridgst and pipeal' Kawnuy* mosty E truby. 1960. 1Z V. (KIRL 13:6) 1. RussLAL (1923- U.S.S.R.) Goaudarstyennyy kouitot po delaw stroitellatm, Z, TSentrallnore norsw t Vmo-isalsdovatel 0 sIrcys byaro; OOrgtranostroyK MnisterctTa transportnogo atroitellatira (for Norachayekly). (Waos) (Bridas, Stone) XCRACUTBUT, N.A.; SAM(13Y. T.1o.; RIXMj, T.B.Ir; PXVZJOM, A.S., red.lsd-vag TOMIU. Ts.L.t~ CUWOrK tiw& and pV at& adarda for constractiont, assemblyo, and repair operationa LIX 196c], Minys mormy L rauttianki n& atroitall- aye. sontashnjv t remontuo-stroitaLtuyv; rabotre 1960 c. Koskma, Got. isd-va lit-r7 postroit., arkhLto i ttroit.materialas. Sbornik IZ. (Pilo trivincl $vainyt robAty. 1960. 28 p. (KIU 13 t 64 1. Rmasia (1923- V.S.B.R.J, GosudaretTeaW kositot pa delan stroi- taltatTa. 2. Mntraltnoys normatiTno-EssledoTatellskoys byura (Orgtransatro,T) MuLaterstya transportnogo, stroitslOstva (for Kcra- Che4TSkir, G&TOIlYST), (Wages) (Pilinc (CiTil ansinsevirz)) FLIVIII;, Vl~hmil lzrailcvich~ 1-c d. for englnee.-,3; a recc:merp~erd lIrt of literattl~-' L A z Unnomika d-lia iilztencrov; :-ekcrzndatal'nyi iI'I- terntury. Lenivxrad, l)64. 102 p. (F-T f~o 1. , 17%E) MDRACI"SKIY, t. U.. ML. NAUC~W. sovw. TsckTa&Lf"v OvAUCIWO- ISSILCDCVJLVCL @SKIT INSTITUT PftO#4VSf4LC#ONYKN SOOKUDICKIT (TSUIPS) IEUCKCJIIVC OCTST109TC000Y IkESIKOSVI I PROCHOOSTO SOPltT*ff4CI(9T OALOK 6 ACOLGOM&444 V *AmmfK" ally(MAKNO PA4C 34. SO$ S*Q$t#(IK ANWTAT191V kAUCKM)-lSStOC*V&TCLtSKIKlQ RJkG*V PO S'fltGITCLISTVU* 40scow. 0950 t., "OFACW~5my" T. u. 'Experimental Tnvestigation or 'he RiviVty or Joints In Steel 7ramevorks or !-'ultiatory Puflding-.11 Sub 19 Jun 51, l'oreaw Order of the labor "ed gan.ner Construct ion Fnginecrinr inat I=cni V. V. Kuyb.vallev Diffninrtationa rresentr,d ror setence and enfrBeerirr, derre-c In SC.' Sur. Yo. 4`0, c) YOY 55 _IIQ~AqMSKIT, ?area likolay'STich, kand.t9kIm.nauk,-,. POPOT. S.A.. kand. I-Q-Ei-.-nauk, -jaucFny~yrq TIOMTA, K.O.. red.izd-va; KZDTIMKT. Ljas, tokhn,red.; GILUSOX, PA., tak-hn.rods [Voing slumimm alloya in. making. construction. elemental, Pri- Menenie slinninlevfth splavor v stroitelinykh konstruktaiiakh. Ko~kT,q.. Gosigd-vo lit-rjr po strolt., arkhit. i stroit.mate- rialan. 1959. I)0 p. (KIRA 1W) Wnulmua alloys) (Aluidimm, Structural) KIRSAYOT, Malay, Mikhallcmicht LISSIG, T*JF, imnd.tokArz, nauk, rationtemt; OJUT, Ir.l., kmad.t#kha.n&vk., rateenstat MON,94" , -, TOLKOT,.A.a.e .:-, 1w -va, MAO (or#*@ tak~fmda Min& aluxiam altoyg in coustmation; rotund of a lecture] Primnsuia alludzievykh splayoy v stroitelcatm; konspekt loictaLio Toronesht Ivi-vo Toronazhskoga univ,, 1960. 55 p. (KIRA 13:61 (Aluninum Alloya) ACCESSION NAr AT010742. $/2839/63/060/002/001/0047 AUTHOR: horachev, 5kly, T. N. (Candidate of t*chn1csI.scI*nc*s) TITLE: Study of the strength properties of the aluminum al loys AV-TI AD33-TI 0641 and V92-T under rhigh speeds of load application SOURCE: ASIA SSSR. InstItut stroltel.Iny*kh konstruktsly. Stroltollny*ye konstruktsil 1z alyuminlyevy*kh splavov, no. 2, 1963, 41-47 TOPIC TAGS.w alumtnum alloy, aluminum alloy tensile strength, aluminum alloy bond- Ing strength, AV-TI alloy, A033-TI alloy, D16-T alloy, V92-T alloy, alloy strength load speed dependence, Kater pendu'lum ABSTRACT: The observed mechanical strength of materials Is a function of the speed of appilcation of the load. information In the literature, however, con- cerning the changes In strength of aluminum alloys under various load apptication speeds Is very limited. Consequently, the author investigated the strength pro- pertles :of certain aluminum alloys designed for use In construction (AV-TI , AD33- TI, D16-T and V92-T). The V92-T alloy samples were In the form of 20-mm thick sheets; the others'were In the form of pressed shapes with a beam thickness of more than .14 mm. Tensile strength tests were performed c-t cylindrical samples 5 mm in diametpr &nd 50 mm In length; bond tests 'were mada, on prismattc: samples with a Card 1/6 f A.CCESSION NR: AT4010742 IOXIO mm cross section with a 2.X2 am Incision and distance between supports of 50 mm. ' A total of 130 samples were tested, of which three.-fourths were shock-tested, whilethe remainder were studied under slow application of load. The dynamic tests were made on.a type PSVD-1000 pendulum-type test Instrument (Kater pendulum) (Figure 1),%blebbro-TWierchangeable devices for tonsile-tests of cylindrical .samples and bend.tests of prismatic samples at not less than two different lCad (stress) speeds within the limits of the possible rate of fall of the pendulum .(2 to 5 meters/second). . The test results were recorded according to the final pendulum position, Indicating ~the effort expended on the destruction of the sample, with simultaneous photography of the oscillograms reproducing the breakdown pro- cess. FIgures 2 and 3 of the Enclosure show characteristic oscillogr&ms obtained with the old of this test arrangement. Static tests for tensile strength were con- ducted an an IM-AM machine with a deformation rate of 1.3 mm/min and with Inechani- cal recording of the force-deformat Ion. dl agram. Static bond tests were made on a .Zpl.f ' (East German) device having a deformation speed of 0.6 w1min and mechanical recording of the force-deformation diagram. It was found that under shock loads (stresses) the strength propertles.of aluminum alloys of different types change dl (forent ly. When test Ing the samples for tensl Is strength, a maximum Increase In the safety factor (ks) was obtained for alloys of medium strength AV-TI and AD33- T I , for wh I ch ks 4W I . 25 at f (time elapsing from the beginning of the applica- t Ion. of Q)o load to the moment"tt reaches its greatest Va lug) 1-3-1-5 micro- Coid ACC;*-3SICff Im it AT4=742 ceicondB. yor ! higlIi-strength alloy D10-T and 5GU-h&rdMdUg alloy V92-T, the .4 at r.. " 1,4.2.1 microseconds stren5th incresse factor vu emaiderablY lower, ar is only 1.03-1&0'). The ka factors cbtained on the basis of the bend-test results were close to those for tensile strength tests. The yield point factors ky, charactarizind the increase in the yield point limit under shook load$, in the case of the AV-Tl and AD3~-Tl alloys had values close to the k. for these some alloys; for D16-T and V92-T, the ky factors vere found to be high- er than the ks (1.15 and 1.36, respectively). Original article has- 2 tables and 6 figures. ASSOCTATIONt Institut'stroitellny*kh kmatruktsly, ASIA SM (Institute of Building Constrwtion, Acadaq of Constr-wtion.and Architecture# SUR- sma=Mv 00 DATE ACQi 17J&n64 ENCLi 03 W"M CCDRi IS NO FEF BCV: 000 OMM: ODO Card 3/6 TOSZUUUXIT, A.I.C NMCM"Sllr. T.0.; NIZARMT, T.Ta, Use of drr Lee for clout dispers&I in tho. Arctic. Frobt. ArIct. no.2:133-139 t57* (MIRL, litiz) tDrr ice) (Arctic recions-Weather control) t- , "-IF . f. 14 ~ 4 i" t - 5 ~' ;' f , V-1, SN-elc-516-9-14142 V:T HOR t Sht&l*, V.K., Candidate cf Georraphical Sciercesi 4"g,&;hPvs- kLy_,~V.G. . Canlidate of ~-hyallco-Vathematlca, Sciences (Lenin- 14 grad) TITLER An Active Influonce Upon the Weather (Aktivnoye vozdeystviye n& pagody) PERIODICA-Le Priroda, 1958,"'Nr 9, pp 85-8B (USSP) ABSTRACT& A, aurvey is given of American, French ant Japanese expert- menta and achieTements in rain-making, weather modification and the warding-off of hail. The effect of the explosion of hydrogen bombs on the weather is doubtedt as the speed of the explosion prevents any influence on the teather rjroces~ beyond an area, of 50 square kn- in the. case of a single bomb. The ef- fect of remaining ionized dust and other fall-out has not yet been sufficiently studied. Soviet researih and experiments in weather modification for the benefit of tgriculture and aviation is, centered mainly in the JLeningradskiy instittit ekffparimen- taVnoy mateorclogii /L1FM/ (Le'ningrad Institute of Experi- mental Weteorology), the Glaynay& geofizichaskaya, observato- riya, i=. Voyeykova IGG01 (Vain Geophysictl observatory i=i. Card 112 Toyeykov), the Tsentrallnaya aerologicheffkaya observatoriy&/ An Active Influence Upon the Weather SOT-26-56-?-14/42 TsAG/ (Central Aerological Observatory), the Goauda,ratyenryy r.& Grazhdanskogo vozdushnogo flota, (State Scientific Research Institutt of the Commercisl Air Lines) and other organizations. In 1~49, Nikandrov, V.Ya. with his group succeeded in producing rain from cumulus and stratc-cumulua clouds in 11 out of 15 trials. The methods employed are based on the artificial formation of crystalli- zation; nuclat by the spraying of' Co AgJ and other agents into clouds to effect & dinintegr&tio"n of the cloud. Dry ice for crystallization nualei is used mostly. The prevention of hail formation was successfully tried in 1956. There are 5 photos and 8 references, 3 of which are Soviet. 1. Artifiela! precipitation 41. Mete-orcioa Card 212 85904 S/169/60PCC/t 11/t 1,9tj 16 AOO5/A0O1 Translation fromg Rererativnyy zhurnal, Geofizlka, 1960, No. 11, PP. 171 - 172P f 144W AMHORSt Morachevskiy, V.G., Nilrandrov, V,Y&. TrIME: The Effectiveness of C02-Partieles and Agj-ftme for the Dispersion of Supercooled Lower Clouds and Fogt tp.- PERIOD Tr. Arkt. i ant&rkt. n.-i. in-t&, 1959, Vol. 228, pp. 13r--145 TE=: The authors report briefly on the mechanigm cf the artificial crystal- liza.tion of asupercooled droplet cloud or fog bry means of dry, carbcn dioxide ice and Agl-fume. The appearance of crystals In the c,* causes the diffusion of the, walter vapor from the droplets to the crystals and leads to rapid growth o&~ the latt,er, which causes the dispersion process of the cloud and fog. Twenty-five research flights; were carried out for clarifying some questions of the application method of AgI and dry C02 during treatment the cloudg and fogs with them, the flights aerv~d to determining the optimum expenditure of the reagent. The teats were, perfermed in the Arctic- region of Tadibe-Y&khi. The equipment and facilities Card 1/~ A005/.,l The Effectiveness or C02-Partittes e-nd Agl-Pume for the Dispersic~n of Supercccled Lower Clouds and Fogs are described which.were installed in the aircraft for produlaing the dry C02- granules, the AZT-fume, and for ph~t,:,graphing the clcud3 treated. Uniform inter- ne.1 clouda with the vertical thicknesa up, t,:- 500 m were treated. The achemes are presented ef sounding and flight d-uring the action, and the, r_',~urse or maneuvering of the aircraft according to the scheme mentioned is described. A ,ompil&t!on table or the action results from 20 testa la addede On the basis cf the d&4& CL. tained, the authors conclude as follows; 1) the action of dry C02 upen clTuda &-,d fogs is ineffective at the temperature of the lsttterhi~her than _4'C- 2) the; ver~tcal rriaxi== thickness of the cloud capable of being dispersed ty spreading C02 from one level amounts ';0L 600 M. It Is pointed out that under arctic condi- tiontr an accelerated process of phase transformations in the clouds. ia, observed in comparison with other regional this Ls explained by the lower water content of the clouds. Data are presented which characterize the cloud transformation process %mtil full destruction due to dry C02 treatment under various meteorolcgi- c&l conditions. A graph Is given of the dependence of tha.dry- Coaexpenditure per 1-km flight on the cloud thickness when treatnent is, performed from one It-iel. Card 2/> 85904 5/169/60/)W/'~) 11/0 13/016 A005A001 The Effectiveness of CO~2-ftrtlcles and Agr-i-,%=e for the Dispersion of Supercooled Lower Cloudu and Pbgs, A table is presented of the specific CO dosages applied by varfoue Investigators In dependence on the cloud thickness. &e results of two tests are described In detail, which were performed In the Chelyuskin Cape,region, and ccnelusicna are drawn from the results or all other tests. One of the tests cn 1~he action of A&I upor, layered clouds in the Tadibe-Y&khi region Iff described more In detail. Micro- phot,ugraphs are presented of the Ice cr-jatal sawnples in a layered clcud after the treatment of & supercooled cloud with Agl-fume. V.A. Sorochan Translatorts note: This is the full translation of the original Russian abstract. Card 3/3 859C6 51169100-rM13 I 1/-j.! 4tj 16 (k4ol /o A005/A001 Translation fromt Referativnyy zhurnal, Geof izika, 10-60, No. 11, p. 112 , f 145rio AUMORSC Voskresenskiy, Aj., Morachevskiy, V.,G. TITIEt The Equipment for the Treatment of Supercoo e louds and Fogs From an Aircraft PERIODICAL: Tr. Arkt. I. ant&rkt. n.-i. in-ta, 1959, Vol. 226, PP. 155-161 LX MrL z An aircraft fume-genemtor and the! unit producing dry- CC~-grarajles trm-.ediately from balloons, installed in the %ircraft are described. In an intro- duction, the present generators for sublimating AgI and the units for granulatinE dry C02 are reviewed. Their dicadvantages and the requirements are considered which must be met by the modern units. The Agl-rume generator developed by +J-,e authors In 1956 is described in detail. The rundamental schematic diagraxi and the technical data of the generator are presented as well as tht thermal bilax-ce of thot device And the abailut& values of- the, heat consumption In kcal/lincur. The operational principle Is described or the unit for producing granulen of dry CC,~ -directly from liouid C02 by throttling the Utter through & delivery throttling Card 11-~d 8590f s/16q/6qpm/U i i/,~ i 4-/U 16 A005/AOOI The Equipment for the Treatment of Supercooled Clouds and Fogs From an Aircraft ring with continuous pressure drop In the diffusar. which leads to the formation of a solid-p&rticle stream out of the aircraft; the particles are, sphere-shaped trAinly with a radius or 0.4 - 0.6 cm. The size distribution curve is addel of the C02-granulea obtained frotr the airborne unit, and the uritt operation, duraLtItor, If, t~tlxted depending. on the out;pit *.nd the quantity of' the balloons With 11q-,:td' C02 engaged stmiltaneously. The authors a-sa,-me tl-,&t it is expedi,?nt to install tht developed aircraft fume-generator and the airborne unit for productng dry C02_ granules In the &4 rcraft or ice survey for the purpose of dispersing the lower clouds and fogs in the Arctic region. V.A. Sorochan TZ'anslator's note: This Is the full translation of the original RUssian abstract. Card 212 a/010/60/000/01/012/027 9201/1191 AUTHORSt Dergach, L.L. . Zabrodskiy,, G.K. . and Kora,chevsK~bl _T_G_ TITUT ;he Results of Combined ravostigations of the St-S,~ r!&1 "us and of Fog in the Arctic, lic- PERIODICALt. IAvestiya AJmdamii nauk SSSRI, Beriya, geof1zicfxeskay&, 1960, No It PP 107-111t TEMTt k 1956 summer expedition to the Central kratica inroatigat*d, thq microphysical structure of clouds and.'fog'. The present paper reports. the results of simultaneous measurements of' the water content of atratus clouds and their humidity, temperature, transparency and the drop-size distribution. Seventy vertir;&l. soundings were carried out In St-Be Clouds and In fog and measurements of the drop size were Mfide at height intervals of 20, 50 and 1.00 m.. Some horizontal, measurements of' cloudiness were aigro carried out. An IL-12 aircraft made 37 f1ights over the shores and water area of the Karsk Sea,, Temperatures were measured by means: of & sareened thermometer in, the aircraft v1th an automatic. reaorder KL-LIA(thia instrument: was used also toT record the &Ir pressure.). Temperature was measured also (together with. humid-ttyl Card 1/3 WIN, i. a-/0-49/60/000/01/012/0c-7 JK20l/Sl9l Tho Results of Combined Investigations of, the St:.-Sc Clouds and of fog in the Arctic ;J using a thersohygrometer LO The; water content was found using za7tser(a instrument (ROM4 Drops were,measured by micro- photography (Refs 1. with a. magnMeation, of 300-'- A, new photoelectric Instrument kjk=.~'4(?jg 1) was used to mv&sure the transparency or clouds in the visible region. The Instrument SIP-3 measured the meteorological vistbUity range, between 26 and 500, a with an error not exceeding 20% (when its geometrical base was 13 m). The data obtained were: analysed and the resu-Its, are givea in Ti a 2-6. The vertical distribution of the water :ontent (q, X'3) and the visibility range (S. m) in fog are shown in Fig 2. Fig 3 gives the size histograms of the fog drops. The vertical distributions of the water content (q), the visibility range: (3) and temperature Ct, OC) for stratus clouds are given. In, Fig 4 and for strato-cumulus clouds in.Figs 5 and 6 (Fig, 5 inalules, also the effective dimensions of drops). IL, stratus and strato-cumulus clouds, whose vertical thickness was cf the, order Card 2/3 0/049/60/000/01/012ZG2-7 E20-1/9191 The Results of Combined Investigations of the St-Sa Clcuds and of fog in the kretie of 200-3.00: mp the drop dimensions were practically conEtant throughout thet clouds, It is pointed out that, since the aerosol traps, did not catch the smaller drops (especially In "rarefled" clouds), the quoted data for stratus clouds and for fog are less reliable than those for strato-cumulus clouds. There are 6 figures,. 1 t&bloand 7 rafirencest 6 Savi(,t and, 1 English. SUBMITTIM February 25, 1959 Card 3/3 red. - f,.Ya.,, prof Md (Problems in atmospharl,-- pijycjca) Fruble..- ry f'.Z!ki fery. No.2. 1963. ll,,O 1. Lerdr,-vil. Univervitct. I-ITYUMNO B.V.; fffj.~ElF-VLlKIY*--V.G.; MINA, F.H. Evaporation rate of droplets of aqueous solutions of aurface- active agents. Frobl. fiz. atm. no.2042-150 163. (K7PA- 170) ACCESSION MR: AT4011375 S12940161100010OZ/atst/0154 AUTHOR: Horacheysitty, Ve G.; Sh(nyayev, B. X. TITLE: Experimental investigation of the value of the evaporation coefficient for aqueous solutions of surface-active materials ,SOURCE: Leningrad. UnIveriltat. Froblemy* firiki atmosfery*, no. 2, 1963, 151-154 TOPIC TAGS: meteorotogy, surface-active material. atmospheric physics, evaporation .coefficient, cloud phyaLco, cloud dtgpersal. fog dLaparxal. cloud evaporatiom rate. chentcal cloud di~peraat ABSTRACT: tnvestigationof thekinaticsof evaporation and condensation of aqueopsl solutions of surface-active materials are of Interest because of thaLr posat- b 1e use as reagents for the dispersal of clouds and fogs. The authors have used the T. Alty method for daterm(nation of the evaporat(on rate of pure water (phi I. (rag, vat. 15, Ita. SZ, 1933; Froc. Roy. Soc,,, vot* 149, No. t04, 1935) (a an expert-i mental layestigat(on of the evaporatton coeffictenta of sayerct typet, of aqueout solutions of sur(tct-actIve materials. Descrtptfoo of the appar#tui used, whtch Involved a force pump, manometer,.and thermostat, Is limited to two. sentences and a photograph. -The flrgt stop fathe experlmrit was to detarmtne the coeff(crent of evaporation of' water. F(ve experiments, were madam 9[ving * Mean Yalue,of the C401-0 4 efftcient CL w 0-0368. wh(ch, agrees weft wIth Atty(t value -a w 0.037). rh[s was.