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USSR PETROS'YARrS, A. M., AMEKSANDROV, A. P., DOIZZZHAV, 14. A., and Lv-YPUNSn.:, A. I. (State Co=nittee an the Use of At;mTc__En_er_,gy`Tn 'the USSR) "Prospects for the Development of Nuclear Power in the USSR" Moscow, Atomnaya Energiya, Vol 31, No 4, Oc-t 71, PP 315-323 Abstract: According to a talk presented at the Fourth UN Conference on the Use of Atomic Energy for peaceful purposes, the USSR is well furnished with natural sources of energy, particularly in view of the new discoveries of coal, petroleum, and natural gas, but the location of sources of energy does not coincide with the location of industrial centers., the main users of power. With an anticipated increase in the rate of use of po-wrer of 7 to 8% per year, it is expected that such regions as the European or Central Ural part of the country will soon require additional sources of atomic power for producing electricity. It is anticipated that emphasis will be placed, in the first stage of development, on the reactors with thermal neutrons, followed later by reactors with fast neutrons, as the second stage of development. Reactors of two types are at present in existence and are being considered for future development: the tank-type and the canal-type reactors. 1/3 USSR PMOS'YANTS, A. M., Atomnaya Energiya, Vol 31, No 4, Oct 71, PP 315-323 The tank-type reactors, operating at present in Central Russia, Kola Peninsula, the Caucasus, and the Ukraine, have their main tanks and covIers built of steel. They operate on one and two circuits, with water brought to boiling in the active part and steam produced in steam generators. Canal-type reactors with graphite moderators were firr-t built in 1954. They now usually operate with super-heated steam. Their main advantages over the tank-type reactors consist in the use of zirconium instead of steel and in possessing higher unit pawer and a more efficient use of fuel up to 18,000 Mw-day/ton. They are aiso safer, as their active zone is split into individual channels. Their main disadvantage consists in greater size and consequently higher coat. These are the areas where improvement in anticipated. Canal-type reactors are better suited for adaptation to work with fast neutrons,, the main area of anticipated development of Soviet nuclear engineer- ing. An intensive research is now being conducted in this field, with some experimental reeLctors and srall pilot plants having already been built and operating. It is expected that after 1985 the whole European part of the country will have only the fast neutron type reactors. 2/3 - 82 - PETROS'YANTS) A. M., Atomnaya Energiya, Vol 31, No 4, Oct 71, PP 315-323 It is anticipated that from now to the year 2000 construction of new thermal power stations -will have stopped, with the main emphasis on the development of fast neutron reactors, while building of thermal neutron reactors will continue at a decreasing rate. It is also anticipated that the application of nuclear power will be extended beyond the production of elec- tricity to the production Df heating, refrigeration, chemicals, and finally, to desalinization of sea vater. 3/3 2 0 3 11 Wl C L S 5) 1 F I E 0 P F OCESS !`I~ DATE- T 0 L ",'!P -IT I uN FOR LO~, Ti-;'T~!l'c-:--~j'-.T!jRE ELECT kOLYT I C 3 Ui~'ON PL "I li~G -U-- IT H-)P,-(05 )-LY A KHOV I CHt L -S. , VOrl OSHN I N, L.G. , KARP ENKO, D.;' . IY - 1. .-N. DDL M ANOV 1 1: . V. ply OF It f --U bR 'q 1URCE-U.S.S.R. 261,086 ~FEREN'CE-'--OTKIRYTIYA, IZUBRE'r., PROM. OBRAZTSY, TOVAR'NYE MAKI 1970, JE PU6L I SPED-06JAN 70 BJECT AREAS-MATERIALS, MEGH., IND., CIVIL AND MARIINE ENGR IPIC TAGS--CHEMIICAL PATENT, ELECTR06YTE, -METAL PLATING, BORON'? LEAD OXIDEt BORON COMPOUND Ak K I '-'G NO RESTRICTIONS ONTROL OCUMiENT CLASS-UNCLASSIFIED I RCXY P.EEL/f:P.Al?%E--1994!Z00l STEP NU--UR/04,82/70/000/000/0000/0000 I p 2/2 - oss UNCLASSIFIED PROCFSSl"~'6 OATE--lc--,')CT70 IRC ACCESSION %10--AA0115800 BSTRACT/EXTf,A':T--((J) ',-P-0- AtiSTRACT. THE TITLE COMM. CO'IS[STED OF NA SU92 B SU34 0 SUB-i. 10H SU62 0 60-75 AND PBO 25-1,0 -AIT. PEf~CuO. FACILITY: BELGRUSSI11IN POLYTECFINIC INSTINTE. USSR 'UDC 546.799.94 ZVARA, 1., BELOV, V. Z., A%TQV_ V_ ~P_ , KOROTKIN, Yu. S. , CHE12NOKOV, L. P. , SHALAYEVSKIY, M. R., SHCHEGOLEEV, V. A. , and YUSSONNTUA, LM. "Chemical Isolation of Kurchatovium" Leningrad, Radiokhimiya, Vol 14, Vyp 1, 1972, pp 119-122 Abstract: Earlier it was shown that during the irradiation of 242pu with 22Ne ions with energies of 113-119 nev (for z = 104), a short-lived, spontaniously fissionable nuclide was detected whose chemical characteristics corresponded to the characteristics of ekahafnitin (Ku). The half lives of 259Ku and 260Ku are about 4.5 and 0.1 sec respectively. For these experiments the target film of plutonium oxide (95% 242pu) with a density of 0.8 mg/cm2 was irradiated with 22Ne ions with an energy of 119 mev. This produced a maximum yield for the reaction 242pu (22Ne, 5n) 259KU. Gaseous nitrogen was passed over the surface of the target then mixed with small amounts of TiC12 and SOCl?. The slightly volatile tetrachlorides of the radioactive products formed were separated on a chromatograph. A Ge-Li a-radiation detector was used to analyze the gas at different points along the column. The isotopes 170Hf, 171Hf. 114mSe (the latter the product of 22Ne reaction with the Al of the target base), 24?Cl-.1 and 246Cf (the latter two being products of a transfer reaction). It was 112 USSR ZBARA, I., et al., Rad:fokhimiya, Vol 14, Vyp 1, 1972, pp 119-124' found that Na, Cs, Ca, Sr, the lanthanides, Np, Pu, Ru, Rh, and Pd are adsorbed only at significantly higher temperatures than Uf (and also the ekahafnium Ku) whereas the chlorides of In, Sn, Nb, Mo, and Tc are adsorbed only at lCK'7er temperatures. Photographs of the expected area of Ku adsorption show tracks of fission products which must be those of the 259Ku with a t-1/2 = 4.5 sec. 2/2 - 49 - USSR UDC 543.01,546.76t546.681,546.19 ,J)%MNOVA, I..,F., BOrSHOVA, T. A., SHEMOVTSOVA, T. N., and PESRKOVA, V. M., Mos~o~t_ ~;_tfniversity imeni H. V. Lomonosov "Kinetic Method for Determining Chromium Traces in Gallium Arsenide" Moscow, Zhurnal Analiticheskoy Khimii, Vol 27, VYP 9, 1972, pp 1648-1851 Abstract3 Column extraction and ion exchange chromatography are used to separate traces of Cr frDm the major elements GaAsO 30 and a Cu-Co-Ni mixture. The sample is dissolved In nitric acid, oxidizing the arsenic to arsenic acid. The arsenic acid Is carried through the column while the Cr(III) is adsorbed. The Cr (III) :Is subsequently removed from the column with 3 11 NC1. Interferring Ions of Cu (II)o Co(II), and Ni(Il)--were removed from the acid solution by extraction with dithizone In CU for 20-30 min on a mechanical shaker. Concentrations of Cr(III)--as the 2thizonate in the aqueous phase-- were determined from the oxidation by H202 of 0-cUmethoxybenzidine if the con- centrations were greater than 10-3 micrograms/ml and of o-dimethoxybenzidine ;,Y-picoline for concentrations of 10-3 to 10-5. The reaction was followed a spectrophotometrically at ~ max m 350 nm. 1/1 76 0 96 /~- IX. MPLODIr-G WIRLIS 13tilt"miuv. K. 1. Ctirrent I%re%W d%Lr4mr el-tric "plosion Ja ~ir-. IAN klxb SSR. Ser. Itz. -mat. na.k, no. 1. 1972, 97-98. Characteristics of a current break were studied experimentaLly for discharge of two chpacitors across a thin tungsten or inalybdenu rn. w,re Current intensity was det~rrntned, by measuring voltage across a 0.0198 ohm rettl5tince in the circuit. D~rnlian I of the current break was mPamurcd as a function of discharge potential U . and uire length 1. diastieter d, mass m. and resistance R. The experimental plats &how thAt r rapidly decrcaae.4 with an increase of U [torn I to 3 kv for 15 miti. tungsten wires of 0. 129 - 0. 200 mm. dia. and 40 mrn. molybden- usTi wires of 0. 10 - 0. 80 nirn. diA. In contrapt. at a cons taint U = Z. 5 or 3 ky, r increases with increased I and attains a very highvalue with a sufficiently long wire. To assess the effects of increased m and R simultaneous with an Increase in I. W anti Mo wires of varying m and n x 2.8 and 0.449 ohm. respetivety. tt,erc exploded. The experimental plots reveal that r Is directly proportional to m. i.e., 7 a 750 rn for W and 2. 250 nn for Mo. Wire* of different R. but a constant rn = 60. 36 x 10- 4 for W and 15. 76 x 10-4 g for Mo. were also explodod (Fig. 1). USSR UDC 62-1-3.14.26 V G. -, GRIGOR KEET, v. S., BESSAPAB-OV, G. V. , Zt=,', V. N. , Taganrog Radio Engineering Institute "A Converter of the Mean Frequency of a Random Pulse Train" Moscow, Otkrytiya, izobreteniya, promyshlennyye obraztsy, tovarnyye znaki, No 3, Jan 71, Author's Certificate No 291220, Division G, filed 4 Aug 069, published 6 Jan 71, p 124 Translation: This Author's Certificate introduces a converter of the mean frequency of a random pulse train. The device contains a flip-flop, switches, a shaper, two voltage sources of different polarityand an integrating amplifier. As a distinguishing feature of the patent, the reliability of the converter is improved by including a threshold device whose output is connected to the inputs of the shaper and flip-flop and to the controlling input of one of the switches, through which the input of the entire device is connected to the second input of the flip-flop. The sources of voltage of opposite polarity are connected through the corresponding switches to the inputs of the integrating amplifier. The output of the amplifier is con- nected to the input of the threshold device. 1/1 - 14 - 'USSR UDC 543.544.6:q46-831'185 DOLIAATOV, W. D.., BUINvINA., Z. I, and DOLMATOVA, M. Yu. I'Structure and Ion E"Xchansre ProDerties of Zirconil=. Phos-oh-a-Ite" Leningrad, Radiokhimiya, Vol 14, No 4, 1972, PP 530-534 Abstract: Stricturcil and ion-exchange properties of two &-vimies of zirconiur c_~ was obtained by precipitation with 11 'D OIL phosphate were investimited. ZrPC1 3 from a solution of ZrOC* -81H20. ZrPs sample was also precipitated with Ft 110 L2 Y 4. from a Zr(SOO',*'~IT20 solution. Both samnles aTiT)earecl to be 4dentical bv chera- cal and x-ray structiiral t_~naiysis- Data from the differential ther-ral analysis and thermogravinetric analysis shoved similarities in both ZrP samples, and some differences related. to the dinensions in their crystalline lattice: ZrPQ has a more precisely de-fined structure of crystals. The ion exchan:-e propelties were investi.-ated by the ability to separate Cs, Sr, and Crt ions. 'Inc differ- ancen. obuerveti in the soij)tion capacity at p1l 4 and 7 colild be related to the ystal structitre differences. ci- 1/1 Ion USSR uDc 66.074.7 PARTELEYEVA, A. P., DOMATOVA, M. YU., and.R.Wj&TQjj.YU. D. "Study of the Ion-Exchange Interaction of Bivalent Cations with Alginic Acid" Leningrad, Radiokhimiya, Vol XIV, No 5, 1972, pp 741-743 Abstracti New experimental data are presented on the interaction of alginio acid with metal cations as a function of the conditions of this process, and the problems of a specific nature of the interaction are discussed. Labora- tory samples of alginic acid (AlgH) and its calcium hydride form (AlgCaH) obtained by saturation of alginic acid with calcium ions under static conditions were used for the invostigation. The product obtained contained 24-27 mg of calcium per I gram of acid. A study was made of the exchange of 2+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 2+ 2+ -3 Mn . Ni . Co . Ca .Sr . r, u ions from 3.6-10 normal solutions of the chloride salts tagged by their radioactive isotopes (54 90 + 90 mvi, Sr Y, 631ii, 45Ca, 60CO). All of the experiments were performed under thermostated conditions using the experimental procedure and radiometric and chemical analyses introduced pn!viously (MI Yu, Dolmatova, et al., Radiokhimiya, Vol 10, No 3, 379, 19613). Inasmuch as in aqueous solutions at pH >5 a0dium alginate forms a colloidal solutiont the method of dialysis with ultrafil- tration was used to se-parate the phases at pH 5 (S. M. Puchkova, Can- 1/2 USSR PANTELEYEVAt A. P, , et al,, Radlokhiaiyat Vol XIV, No 5, 1972, pp 741-743 didate's Dissertation, Medical Institute, Chelyabinsk, 1969). The experi- mental data are presented in the form of the ion distribution coefficients during static soprtion. The possible mechanism of the observed effects connected with the structural features of the ion-exchange resins is proposed. 1 2/2 - 25 - 112 019 UNCLASSIFIED PROCESSING DATE--13SEP70 TITLE--STRUCTURE OF TITANIUM (IV) HYDROXIDE STUDHD IN RELATIOM TO C9NDITIONS OF ITS PREPARATION -U- AUTHOR-( 02)-02~~~~ D., SHEYNKMANJ COUNTRY OF INFO--USSR SOURCE--ZH. PRIKL. KHIM. I:LE-NINGRAD) 1970, 43(2), 249-52 DATE PUBLISHED ------- 70 SUBJECT AREAS--CHEMISTRY TOPIC TAGS--TITANIUM COMPOUND, HYDROXIDE, CRYSTALLIZATION, CRYSTAL STRUCTURE, HYDROLYSIS, SULFURIC ACID, HYDROCHLORIC ACID CCNTROL MARKI~iG--".U r-_:STRjCTIl],','S- DOCUMENT CLASS--UMCLASSIFIED PROXY REEL/FRAME--1987/08[i.8 STEP tJO--UR/008C/70/043/002/0249/,)252 1.! CIRC ACCESS10*1 Nil--AP0104;84 tFICLASS [FLED 212 019 UNCLASSIFIED PROCESSING DATE--18SEP70 CIRC ACCESSION NO--AP0104284 ABSTRACT/EXTRACT--(U) ','P-1)- ABsrRACT. THE X RAY AND THERMOGRAPHIC DATA OF SAMPLES OF TI HYDROXIDES OBTAINED BY ALK. AND THERMAL HYDROLYSIS OF H SU32 SO SUB4 AND HCL SOLNS. OF TI (IV) ARE PRESENTED.- ALK. HYDROLYSIS OF COLD, HCL SOLNS. OF "orl (IV) RESULTS IN THE FORMATION OF AMORPHOUS HYDROXIDES WHICH THEN CRYSTALLIZE INTO A MODIFICATION OF ANATASE AT 397-420DEGREES. AN EXOTHERMAL EFFECT IS OBSERVED UPON CRYSTN* SAMPLES WHICH ARE CALCINED AT 400DEGREES FOR 1 HR HAVE THE STRUCTURE OF ANATASE, I~HILE THOSE CALCINES AT 200DEGREES ARE AMORPHOUS. ALK. HYDROLYSIS OF COLD, H SUi32 SO SUB4 SOLNS. OF TI (IV) HAVE. THE ANATASE STRUCTUPE THERMAL HYDROLYSIS OF H(;L SOLNS. RESULTS IN THE RUTILE STRUCTURE CHILE CORRESPONDING HYDROLYSIS OF H SUB2 SO SUB4 SOLNS. RESULTS IN THE ANATASE STRUCTURE. UNC L A-SS i F I E D 112 035 UNCLASSIFIED PROCESSING DATE--20NOV70 --THERVUELECTRIC METI-CO FOR DETERV-IiNl!-;C- THE DEPTH OF AN ALUMINIZED TITLE LAYER -U- ALTHOR-(03)-SFADRUNCVA, A.,P., GINIYATULLIN, I.N., OOLMATOVA, A.A. CUNTRY OF INFU--LSSR SCURCE--ZAVCC. LAB. 1970, 36(3), 305-6 DATE PUELISHEC-----70 SUaJECT AREAS--MATERIALS, MECH., IND., CIVIL AND 14ARINE ENGR TOPIC TAGS--i4ETALLURGIC RESEARCH FACILITYr METAL TUBEP METALLOGRAPHY1 SOLID SOLUTION, IRON ALLOY, ALUMINUM ALLOY, INTERMETALLIC COMPOUND, METALLGGRAPHY, ALUMINIZING, METAL COATING, THERMOELECTROMOTIVE FORCE CCNTRCL MARKING-NO RESTRICTIONS DOCUMENT CLASS--UNCLASSIFIED PROXY REELIFRAME--3001/0529 STEP NO--UR/0032/701036/003/0305/0306 CIRC ACCESSICN NG--AP0126277 Ul'~C_' L A S S) I F I E D 212 035 UNCLASSIFIED PROCESSING DATE--20NOV70 CIRC ACCESSICN NJ--AP01261?77 ABSTRACT/EXTRACT--(U) GF-0- ABSTRACT. THE DEPMENCE OF THE THERMAL EMF. UPON THE AL CONTENT hAS USED FOR DETG. THE DEPTH OF ALUMINIZED LAYERS OF STEEL TUBFS. THE THERMAL EMF. HAS A MAX. AT THE SURFACE OF THE SAMPLEP PASSES THRGLGH A MIN., ThEN RISES TO A CONST. VALUE. THE ALUMINIZED LAYER ThILKNESS INDICATE-D BY METALLCGRAPHIC ANAL. COINCIDES WITH THE MIN* UF THE THERMAL EMF, AND CORRESPONDS TO THE LOCATION OF THE FE SUB3 AL PHASE, WHILE THE THERMOELEC. METHOD GIVES THE ACTUAL DEPTH (UP TO THE POINT WHERE T~E THERMAL EMF. BECaME5 CON5T*) THUS INCLUDING THE -)UL-ID SOLN. MAGNITOGORSK. THICKNESS OF THE ALPhA ' FACILITY: GURNOMENT. INST. IM. NOSUVA, MAGNITOGORSK, USSR. L A S S I F 1, E D TJSSR UDC 543).544.6:r-46-63_1 '185 D011.14TOV, YU. D., BU1AVIW,, Z. F., and D0114ATOVA., M. 1U. "Structure and Ion ExchanSe Properties of Zirconiu-m Phosphate" Leningrad, RadiokhiTniya, Vol 14, Wo 4, 1972, PD_ 530-534 Abstract: Structur--l and ion-exchange properties of tcwro samples of zirconium- h was obtained by precipitation with ff ?0 phosp ate were investigated. ZrPCl 3 4 from a solution of ZrOC'12-81120. ZrPs sample was also precipitated with 113D04 from a Zr(S04)2-1"~O solution. Both samples appeared to be identical b,,,r chemi- cal and x-ray st-rictural analysis. Data from the differential. thernal annalysis and the rmo!-, ravirietric analysir, showed sirdlarities in both 'lei? samples, a-nd some differences related to the dimensions in their mystralline lattice: ZrPS has a more precisely defined structure of crystals. 11he ior exchanE;e proreities were investigated by the ability to separate Cs, Sr, and Ca ions. The differ- ences observed in the so-q)tion ccapacity at p1[ 4 and 7 could br-- related to the crystal st-r-acture differences. 1/1 USSR Loc 606-074-7 PANTFJZY-SVA, A. P. , 10 IVAt 14. YU.I_and DOLMATOV, YU. D. .~E-.!&T "Study of the Ion-Excharge Interaction of Bivalent Cations with Alginic Acid!' IRningrad, Radiokhlmlya, Vol XIV, No 5, 1972, pp 7411-743 Abstracti lNew experimental data axe presented on the interaction of algirlic acid with zetal cation,; as a function of the conditions of this process, and the problens of a specific nature of the interaction are discussed. Labora- tory samples of alginic acid (AlgH) and its calcium hydride form (AlgCaH) obtained by saturation of alginic acid with calcium ions under static conditions were used for the investigation. The product obtained contained 24-27 mg of calcium per I gram of acid, A sttAy was made of the exchange of Mn 2+ , Hi 2+ , Co 2+ , Ca zt , Sr Z+ , CU Z+ ions from 3.0-10-3 normal solutions of the chloride salts tagged by their radioactive Isotopes (54 90 + 90 Mn, Sr Y, 631,j, 45ca, 60CO) . All of the experiments were performed under thern-ostated conditions using the experimental procedure and rad-iometric and chemical analyses introduced previously (M, Yu. Dolmatova, et al., Badiokbimiya, Vol 10, No 3, 379, 1968). Inasmuch as in aqueous solutions at pF :~, 5 sodium alginate forms a colloidal solution, the method of dialysis with ultrafil- tration was used to separate the phases at pH - 7.5 (S. P1. Puchkova, Can- 1/2 USSR S PAINT-MMENA, A. P-, et al-, Radiokh1miYa, Vol XIV, No 5, 1972, PP 741-743 didate's Dissertation, Redical Institute, Chelyabinsk, 1969). The experi- mental data are presented In the form of the ion distribution coefficients during static soprtion. The possible mechanism of the observed effects connected with the stnicturdl features of the ion-exchange resins is proposed. 2 25 - 112 025 UNCLASSIFIED PROCESS[.NG, t)ATE--090CT70 TITLE--EFFECT OF ALGINIC ACIO ON THE DEPOSITION (IF SR PRIME90 AND ~A PRIME4 IN THE BODY IN CASE OF THEIR LONG INTAKE -U- AUTHOR-(02)-COLMATUVA, M.YU., UUaROVINA, Z.V. COUNTRY OF INFO--USSR .,SOURCE-GIGIYCNA 1 SANITARIYA9 1970, NK 39 PP 40-43 .DATE PUBLISHAED ------- 70 SUBJECT AREAS--B IULOG I CAL AP40 MEDICAL SCIENCES TOPIC TAGS--STROlNTIj.'-', ISCIT61PE, CALCIUIl ISOMIPEv RAVIATI"]IN BICLOGiC EFFECT, RADiiiric-N PROPHYLAXIS, RAl', 6RO-wli ALGAL, UAGAINIC ACID CUNIR01. DOCUMENT CLASS-UNCLASSIF:IED PROXY REEL/FkAME--1962'/0t)53 STEP CIRC AMt-SSILN S 1 F I F U 212 025 U-NIC L AS S I F I E D p R 0 c E s s I IN, (71 0 A r F- - - 0 9 a c T 7 c CIRC ACCESSIJr, %ti-AP0052IL13 A3STRACl/EXlRACT--(lj) GP-Q- Ab 5 T i-,k% CT A LOING TL-1~11,1 EXPEPIM.E%r (-ARI~IED OUT OVEi< ADULT RATS SiQ;iED ALGINIC ACID. TO HAVE A LIGH EFFECT AGAINST THE ACTIOIN OF RADIOACTIVE STRONITIUM. HJhEVER, THIS EFFECT 0011NISHED EVENTUALLY. ALGINIC ACID WAS NOTED TO Af:f--C'CI- SELELFIVELY RADIOACTIVE STRONTIUM IN COMPARISON 141TH CALCIUM. -D uNCLASSIFLE USSR UDC 613.6t615-187-5-012 AYZUSHTAD, V. S., DOLMATOVA-GUSE-VA, E. G., PERMMIOVA, V. P., SMUEM-WI, A. V. , 7BDCOI1ODDVA,' L. X. , and NERUAY, 5 - I-11. , Institute of Hygiene, Kuybyshev "labor Hygiene and the State of the Workers' Health in the L"lalathion Industry" Koscowp Gigiyena truda i professionaJ-nyye zabolevaniya, No 3, Mar 71, pp 49-51 Abstract: In the reactor section of a large malathion T)lant, the atmosphore was found -to contain -.g-lene, hydrogen sulfide, naleic anhydr-ide, methanol, ethanol$ malathion, as well as dimethyl dithiophosphoric acid, and diethyl raleate. I-lore than 3,500 air samples were analyzed for the above compounds and the results re-oorted -in tabuL;x form or the vzxious process stages. it was established that contanination of the air in the plant waz due to in- sufficient automation, the use of manual labor in the handling of r-oisonou3 materials, imperfect Control devicest and so forth. Time studies showed that laboratory workers were. in con-tact with poisons for 59-9255, of their Working tine. Yalathion was detected in irashings from the h=-ds and in the work clothes. It was established that launderilig of the work clothes in a 1%; caustic soda solution is 10 times as effective as tbee sbdium tripolyphosphate 1/2 - 70 - USSR AYZEh'SHTADP V. S., et al,p Gigiyena truda i professiorainyye zabolevaniya, No 3t 11ar 71t PP 49-51 wash used in the plant, It was recommended that plant ventilation be im- proved Irj installation of suction filtration devices at all points of high pesticide concentrations in the air. Also, the state of health of the workers was studied: 18 people had dermtitis and conjunctivitis, 'the number of cases of nervous systert disorders increased from 10 to 38 over a 1 1/2 year period. Gastrointestinal disturbances Increased from 5 to 23 cases over the same period. Rapid introduction of sanitaxy-hygienic neasures was recommended plus repeated checks of the work conditions after their introduction. UDC 0"21.396-6-181-5 H-7 P. -S. R ~Q-'YSI 7., 'e. V, E. iUDIIYASHOV, G. the ~'J~Iiabilitv of Mo-untin- 'Si-licon Microcircui~s" Eie-~tron. -~rom-st' . '14--auchno-tekhn. sb. (The Electronics Indus!-.11.7. Technical Collection), 197(j', No 1, -pp 100-102 (from 70, Abstract "'To IOV170) I-ransla~~ion :The authors discuss the basic factors which detemdn~~ ~-I~ o,' con-uacLs DrOduced by mearis of interlayers of low-tempe,--ature alloys cal].y Au-Ge and Au-"- eutectics made by electrochein-ical gold-plat.lni~ s a~~ - inc 'S C),,' Ili-con crystalz. The requirements for the inTerl ~4 -, co F ayers a. areas of the housing are discussed. Three illustrations, bi-~--Iiography of two F. S. 7.8/4 USSR DOL'NIKOV, V. L. "One Problem in Coloring" Sib. Mat. Zh. [Siberian Mathei,~iatics Journal], 1972, Vol 13, No 6, J)p 1272-12817 (Translated from Referativnyy Zhurnal Kiberne-tika, No 4, 1973, Ab,-;tract No 4V426, by V. t4atyushkov). Translation: We will state that a family of set has tho (1), q)-p1-opCrC.v if in each sulifamily of the p sets there are q sets with non-empty inter5ecLioll. For example, graph G has the (p, (1) property if an\' SUbj!r'aph 1) poinr5 C011- tains an empty (1-point subgraph. The full class of ordinary graphs is class L, having the fcllot~:ing property. together vzil,h grapli G6 L. 1, ilso includes all subur;iphs of G. We represont by IN(j). 2; L) = Sup w1her.' -- C, , tZ111011 With I- CL -y(G) is the chromatic number of graphs G, whi I SLIJ~ j,; CSI)L' all G(-L having the (p, q) property. Relative to N(p, (1; 1,) it j-,-; prov,,Tl that: 1. 1 f 1) < 2q - 2, then N(p, q; L) < p - q 4- 1 . 2 . If 1, is a class of graphs such t4t N(j), (I; L) < 1)(1) 1)12 and for a cc.-r-Lain integor m 0 1) < C2 - c then N(j),-q; L) < P - (I + If 117(p, (I; L) doc's (14-mt I Irl+ I , m+ 2 not. exceed a line;11- function of* 1), there I'S ;~ (10S111-11 th;)t N(p, q; Ij - 1) - q fo i- a I 1 1) aud 2 Z, (il). 1l. 46 - USSR UDC 639-3-331.5 GZHEGOTSKIY., 14. 1., DDTL2EzM1UY_j S. L. and MARTYMM, N. V.1 L'Voy Medical Institute MMSM "Toxicity of Some Chlorine-Containing Herbicides for Fish" Moscow, Rybnoye Khozyaystvo, No 8, 1971, pp 27-28 Abstract: The toxic effects of chlorine-containing, herbicides acting on roots (propazin, piramin, tselatoks and alitsep) and of chlorine-containing carbamate herbicides (avadeks and karbin) were investir7ated on 370 carp and guppies. In concentrations of 0.1-10.0 mg per liter of water, the herbicides were nontoxic throughout the duration of the experiment (3 months). The minimum toxic dose ranged from 0.5-10-0 mg1le. The minimam toxic dose caused the death of several fishes, preceded by general irritability and loss of body weight. In the group exposed to the lethal concentration of 5-50 Rd,-e , all fish died writhin 2-5 hours to 30 days. Death was preceded by general irritabil- ity, periodic clonus, lateral position, and dyspnea. Internal organs emitted a faint odor of the herbicides. It was concluded that the herbicides investi- gated should be classified as highly toxic compounds able to produce acute and chronic poisoning in fish. 1/1 USSR UDC 612.791-5:632.954 GZHEGOTSKIY, Z11. I., and,;WW;~~ Chair of General Hygiene, Lvov Medical Institute "The Skin Resorption Effect of Herbicides" Kiev, Vrachebnoye Delo, No 11, 1971, pp 133-134 Abstract: The toxicity of several herbicides cominonly used In Lhe Ukraine was tested on rabbits, guinea pigs, and rats. After repeated avplication to dc- Dilated skin, trichloro propionitrile, sodium trichloroacetate, dicotex', -pyra- min, alicep, avadex, and carbin cause local skin irritation; some also induce necrosis. These compotiods are absorbed through the skin and induce neutro- philic leukocycosis, reduce erythrocyte and hemoglobin concentration, lower blood peroxidase and cholinesterase actLvity, increase blood sugar cGncentra- tion, prolong clotting time, and cause loss of body weight. V.1hen applied to the eyes, they induce ncute suppurative keratoconjunctiviti.s. Dichloralurea, ceratox, and pronazine zLre not absorbed through the skin. 1/1 1/2 019 UNCLASSIFIED PROCESSING DATE--27NOV70 TITLE--CORRELATION BETWEEN THE THERMAL STABILITY OF A VINYL IDENE CHLORIDE ACRYLON[TRILE COPOLYMER WITH ITS INTRAMOLECULAR STRUCTURE -U- AUTHOR-(Oft)-SEMCHIKOV# YU,.D.p SLAVNITSKAYA, N.N., RYABOV, A.V., DOLOSKOVA, LwM* CODIM-Y OF INr-O--USSR SOURCE--VYSOKOMOL. SOEDIN,.v SER. 8 1970, 12(5)t 1-28-9 DATE PUBLISHED ------- 70 SUBJECT AREAS--CHEMISTRY TOPIC TAGS--THERMAL STABILITYt ACRYLONITRILEr COPOLYMERIZATION, MOLECULAR STRUCTURE, CHLORINATION, VINYLIDENE RESIN CONTROL MARKING-NO RESTRICTIONS DOCUMENT CLASS--UNCLASSIFI.r-:D ,PROXY REELIFRAME--3006/1235 STEP NO--UR/0460/70/012/005/0328/0329 CIRC ACCESSION NO--AP0134909 ' I U NCLASS IF IEO 2/2 019 UNCLASSIFIED PROCESSING DATE--27NOV70 CIRC ACCESSION NO--AP0134909 ABSTRACT,r'EXTRACT--(U) GP-0- ABSTRACT. THERMAL DECOMP. OF RADICAL, BULK POLYMD. VINYLIDENE CHLORIDE (1) ACRYLONITRILE 111) COPOLYMERS (111) AT 170DEGREES IN VACUO GAVE A MAX. OF THE DEHYDROCHLORINATION RATE FOR III -CONTG. SIMILAR TO 33PERCENT It (OVERLAPPING WITH THE MAX. NO OF I I It TRIADS IN 1111 AND A MIN. AT 50-60PERCENT 11 FOR III PROBABLY CONTG. 11 I It TRIADS; WHEREAS SIMILAR DECOMPN. OF A MIXT. OF I AND 11 HOMOPOLYMERS SHOWED INCREASING DEHYDROCHLORINATION RATES APPROACHING THOSE OF III AT 11 CONCNS. GREATER THAN 60PERCENT. THUSt AT LESS THAN OR EQUAL TO 60PERCENT 11 CONTENT THERE WAS AN INTRAMOL, INFLUENCE BY 11 ON DEHYDROCHLORINATION OF I IN ILL; BUT AT GREATER THAN 60PERCENT It CONTENT, THE EFFECT WAS INTERMOL. USSR DOLOTOV, V. G. "Compact Representation of Messages in Information Systems" Tr. Mosk. Energ. In-ta [Works of Moscow Institute of Power Engineering], 1973, No 158, pp 126-130 (Translated from Referativnyy Zhurnal Kibernotika, No 6, 1973, Abstract No 6V636, from the Introduction). Translation: Streams of messages in information systems, as a rule, are significantly redundant. In order to reduce the redundancy, it is expedient to reduce data as they arc produced, transmitted, stored, processed and displayed. This article Studies a number of methods allowing redundancy to be reduced in messages. 1/1 USSR UDC: 621-398-08 DOLDTOY--V.-G.- Moscow "Order of Lenin" Power Engineering Institute "A Transmitter for a Telemetry Device" USSR Author's Certificate No 319954, filed 2 Jun 70, published 11 Jan 72 (from RM-Avtomatika, Telemekhanika i Vychislitel'naya Tekhnika-, No 7, - IT~~ Jul 72, Abstract No 7A22 P Translation: This patent covers a transmitter for a telemetry device. The transmitter contains an information selection block connected to the output of an adaptive quantizer and to the input of the output module. The unit also contains a block of adaptive quantizer settings and a timer. To improve reliability, the transmitter is made -with a data read rate analyzer whose inputs are connected to the outputs of the adaptive quantizer and timer., while the outputs of the data read rate analyzer are connected to the inputs of the block of adaptive quantizer settings and output module. One illustration. 1/1 Epidemiology USSR DOBROKE[OTOV, B. P., PESMCHERYAKWA, I. S.;__D A L_ A POMANISKAYA L. A.) ARSENIYEV, V. P., I-EVACHEVA, Z. A., PANINA, T. V., YATELEM., A. F. and MYASITIKOV, Yu. A., Institute of Epidemiology, and Microbiology imeni Ganaleya, Academy of Medical Sciences, and Tul'skaya Gb1ast. Sanitary-Epiderliological Station "Application of a New Method of Detecting Tularemia Epizootics Under Practical Conditions" Moscow, Zhurnal Milzrobiologii, Epidemiologii i InzaunotbioloGii, No 7, 1973, PP 105 -lW The timely detection, study, and prognostication of tularemia epizootics occupy an important place in the work of divisions of especially dantgerous infections of sanitary-epideriological stations inasmuch as this makes it pos- sible to plan and carry out prophylactic measures against this infection properly. However, methods employed at the present time for detecting epizoo- tics in nature are extremely labor-consum-Ang and require a great deal of time both for the collection of field material and for its laboratory e_xardration. It is practically irTossible to survey each year the entire territory serviced by the station; therefore it is expedient to conduct a detailed study of cir- cynstances in localities only after an approximate determination of the 1/10 USSR DOBROYMOTOV., B. P.) et al., Zhurnal Mikrobiologii, E'Didemiologii i Immunobiologli, No 7, 19-13, PP 105-108 probability of the presence of tularemia epizootics in any of their parts. For this preliminary estimate it was suggested that pellets of birds of prey be exmnined for the Dresence of the tularemia microbe antigen (1J. Results of the practical application of this rethod under the conditions of Tul'skaya Oblast are presented in this report. On the given territory, located in the Central Russian hiGhlands, foci of tularemia of the meadow--field type [21 are widely distributed, the principal carrier beijig, the ordinfLrj field mouse and 'the long-time preserver of the causative agent, the tick D. pictus. In spite of substantial changes which have taken place in the method of conductinG agriculture, these foci cont-inue to exist; although as a result of the mass vaccination of the population, inBtances of disease wnor4,r the people are extremely rare 131 - Daring 1963 to 19T regular or(!anized Zoolorric-parasitoloirical work was Vj carried out in the Oblast. A total of 25,832 traps were set up in the fields by workers in the Division of Especially Dangerous Infections during the time indicated; 4cj7 cubic meters of straw were displaced; 84 hectares of the control areas were dt4g, up and as a result 2,199 ordinar:,,r field mice were calLght. In the autumn of 1SI68 a large number of ordinar,,, field mice were obseri-ed i the southern rayons of the Ublast: more than 500 per hectare; and in the 2Y10 5 USSR WBROKHOTOV, B. P., et al., Zhurnal Mikrobiologii, Epidemiolo-ii i Immunobiologii, No 7, 1M, PP 105-108 north up to 1000-1500 ill some places. This led to a concentration of smill animals in the stacks (19 to 25% falling into the traps) and to the occurrence among them of tularemia epizootics. In December of 1968 and in January 1969 15 strains of the causative agent were isolated in Yurkinskiy and Shchekinskiy rayons of the Oblast: 5 from the carcasses of the field mice and 10 from the excrement'. In the course of the entire year 19059 the number of field mice was low and the next increase was not registered until in the auturm of 1970: on isolated fields (clover) up to 2000, and in Shchekinskiy and Odoyevskiy rayons, up to 5000 per hectare, In 1971 the number of ordinary field rdce in the enti-re Oblast was extrenely low. During these years negative results were obtained in bacteriological investigations of small animals; only one culture of the tularemia microbe was isolated in June 1970 from the ticks D. pictus col- lected from cows in Suvorovskiy Rayon. Thus from 3.968 to 1971 during an inten- sive inspection of the (Tola-st, the presence of tularemia was established by a bacteriological method in only three rayons -- Kurkinskiy, Shchekinskiy, and Suvorovskiy. During 1969 to 1971., 1490 pellets of birds of prey were collected and examined in the Oblast. Their collection took place primarily in the spring 3/10 USSR DOBROPMOTOV, B. P., et a1.1 Zhurnal I-likrobiologii, Epidemiologii i Imnunobiologii, No 7, 1973, PP 105-108 (April - May) at the tine of three -to -four-day field trips by automobile; a certain number was collected incidentally while other zoological work was beinZ carried out. The pellets were most frequently found near poles of electro- transmission and comm=ications lines, on stacks, and near other structures on the landscape. During the entire time in the collection of pellets approximately 30 man-days were used uhich comprised an extremely insignificant part of the time expended by the division for inspecting the Oblast. Unfortunately in Some of the 18 rayons covered by the Collection, an incufficient Yjurhcr of ncllctpi werQ found., which (lid not permit the positive detenrainati(in of an upizoatic condi- tion of the rodent population In their territory (See Dr_-vLnr--). Tho nienn'bar of pelletr, collected at any point was dircctly dependunt on the iiiini;er r)f ordinary field mice in a given locality: under an increas,_,d concciltration of there rodents mor~~ birds of prey ircre observed and it wric possible to lind more p'cllets. In the spring collectionfl pellets (which had 'been -orece-.-vad since autu.,.,m) of ordinarT and roi~_-h-leuge4 buzzards that vinter in tij- terr4torj prer~or.-`na-~-crl (more than 90F/0. A large rortion of the pellets of the lesser falcons had dis- inteerated by this time. In 88 to 9&,~o of the pellets the rc.-inains of ordinary IP/10 6 USSR DOBROKHOTGVP B. P., et al., Zhurnal ~Iikrobiologii, Epidemiologii i Tmmunobiologii, 110 7, 1STT3, PP 105-108 field mice were encountered; those of other kinds of mairvals (mice of plowed land, field mice, grey hamsters, gophers, weasels, shrews) and birds were rarely encountered. During a selective examination in 1969, the remains of 128 small stniTmls were detected in 85 pellets; in 1970, in 232 pellets, the remains of 356 small animals; and in 1971, the remains of 200 small aninals in 140 pellets, giving an average of 1-5 small animal per pellet. In this manner the 1490 pellets collected contained more small animals than those obtained in the fields during these years for investigation by all other methods. One should also keep in view that by consuming in nature pritrarily the weakened animals or their carcasses,, birds of prey ensure the selection out of the animal population of precisely those individuals which are desirable for bacteriological investigation. The presence of an antigen in the pellets positively confirmed the fact of an epizootic condition while through an analysis of the bone remains it was pos- sible to determine the kinds of mammals involved in the epizootic process. For the purpose of detecting the antigen the antUbody neutralization reac- tion was employed. The material was prepared and the reaction carried out by the method described earlier (1]. 5/10 USSR DOBROKHOTOVI B. P.,, ell, al., Zhurnal Pakrobiologii, Epidemiologii i Thmunobiologii, No 7, 1973, PP 105-108 The antigen of the tularemia microbe was detected in 173 pellets col- lected in the territory of 11 rayons of the Oblast. Only those results were considered positive in which there was a sharp delay in hemagglutination which was observed in titrations (from the initial dry weight of the pellet); 1:10 1:20 in 73 cases; 1-40 - 1:80 in 67 cases; 1:160 - 1:320 in 23 cases; 1:640 1:1280 in 12 cases (See Table). The number of sites where pellets were found containing an antigen was significantly greater t..-ian the number of sites where cultures were formed -- 21 against 4. This made it possible to establish with far greater precision the boundaries of epizootics that had transpired, and it testified to the fact that an epizootic situation with respect to tularemia still exists in a signif- icant part of the territory of Tullskaya Oblast. Moreover, the presence of epizootics was successf~Ally established for the years having a s.",_Iler r=j)e_r of ordinary field mice ,where it is impossible to detect the causative a,r,,-ent of tularemia by the usually applied methods. In such torpid epizootics the tularemia microbe aptiliren is detected only in 1 to 1-5% of the pellets. Cultures of the tularemia microbe from rodents can be isolated only at the time of sufficiently intensive epizootics, and in 6/1o 7 USSR DOBROKaOTOV, B. P., et al., Zhurnal Mikrobiolo.-ii, Epidemiolo.gii i Irmnunobio- logii, No 7, 1973, PP 105-108 such places more than 20% of the collected pellets contained the tularemia microbe antigen. In this way, results of an examination of pellets (by the antibody neutralization reaction) collected in early spring in meadow-field foci of tularemia can serve as a precise indication of the existence during the past winter of epizootic tularemia in the territory being surveyed and its ragnitude. The re,!elation of thin fact is extremely important in determining the enzootic- ity of the territory for the purpose of conducting prophylactic measures, the first and foremost being systematic vaccinations. Necessarily in a suspect territory a more thorough collection of material must be achieved for the pur- pose of isolating the causative agent of tularemia by ordinary bacteriological methods. Conclusions 1. Examination of Dellets of birds of prey collected in sprin_~-time in meadow-field foci of tularemia for the presence of the tularemia microbe antigen mak-es it possible quickly and with a small expenditure of work to establish the pant winter's epizootics of this infection and their intensity over extensive areas. 7/10 USSR DOBROPMOTOV, B. P.) et al., Zhurnal Mikrobiologii, EpiderioloCii i Imnunobio- logii, No 7, 1973, PP 105-108 2. In the course of the years 1969 to 1971, tularemia enzooticity was established by the indicated method in 11 rayons of Tullskaya, Oblast; whereas by the bacteriolo-ical method the causative agent wnao detected in on_"Y 3 re-yons. 3- With a sufficient anount of research material (100 to 200 pelle'l-.s from each point) it will be possible to successfully detect each year even torpid tularemia epizootics, given a reduced number of ordinai-y field nice per focus, 4. The suggested method is completely suitable for use in work of divi- sions of copecially dangerous infections of sculitary-epid(-r,-iiolo,, stations. BIBLIOGRAPHY 1. Dobrokhotov, B. P., Meshcheryakova, I. S., Zh. 14ikxobiol. (Journal of MicrogiolofWl, 196% No 12, 1) 38- 2. 14yasnikov, Yu. A., Prirodn,"L! Ochagi Talyareirdi Sredner1xsskcv Vovnrvch,~:nnosti ikh Epidemioloilicheskiye Osobennosti i Tularemia Sites of Central Russian Highlands, Their Epiderdological Features and Prophylactics), Thesis for Doctor of M., 1963- b '6 4. Olsuf'yev., N. G., Dobrok1lotov, B. P. et al., Zh. Mikro iol.) 1971), i~io P 117- 8/10 USSR DOBROKEIOTOV, B. P., et a1.1 Zhurnal Mikrobiologii, Epidemiologii i Immunobio- log", No 7, 1973, PP 105-108 MJ14BER OF PELLETS BY TEAR 3.969- 1970 1971 Total With Total With Total With RAYON Antigen Antigen Antigen Kurkinskiy 149 33 24 22 1 Yefremovskiy 58 23 40 14 -- Kamenskiy -- -- 14 40 1 Chernskiy -- -- 8 1-17 -- Teplo-Orarevskiy 27 4 24 -- -- Kireyevskiy -- -- 30 166 2 Ocloyevskiy 2 98 42 Dubenskiy -- 185 55 Leninskiy -- 22 -- 168 5 Venevskiy 2 67 2 -- -- Yasnogorskiy -- 23 3 -- -- Zaokskiy 4 -- 46 2 Aleksinskiy -- 12 30 -- Prochiye 8 -- 50 -- 32 Total 2W- 0 320 5 932 lob 9/10 USSR DOBROKHOTOV., B. P.., et al.) Zhurnal Mikrobiologii, Epidemiologii i Immunobio- logii, No 7Y 1973, PP 105-108 Drawing EXAMMTION OF PELLETS OF BIRDS OF P1E Y FOR IMLATO-IIA MROIE ANTIGE N CONTE, NT IN 1,EADOvl- FIELD FOCI OF TULISKAYA OBLhST 1. Sites of Forrztion of Cultures of Tularemia Microbe From the Srrmller I/ammals. Fron Their Excrement and L-Kodic Ticks 2. Collection Point of Pellets in 1969 3- Collection Point of Pellets in 1970 4. Collection Point of Pellets in 1971 Crosshatched symbols are points where the tularemia microbe antigen was found in pellets; dotted symbols are points at which more than 5 pellets were collected. Key: 1. Yasnogorsk 7- Kireyevsk 2. Venev 8. Odoyev 3. Tula 9. Teploye 4. Dubna 10. Kurkino 5. Suvorov 11. Yefremov 6. Shchekino 10/10 9 Heat Treatment USSR UDC 669.14-018.298: :621.78:621-17 DQLQT'OVA. T. S. I KUCHERYAVYYY, V. REIVY.ATINA, 0. K. g "MITUE',--S.S., SAC-IMOV, V. V-t and ULOYANOVA, N. V., Moscow Higher Technical School im-eni N. E. Bauman, All-Union Scienti-fic Research Institute of Aviation Materials 'IInfluence of the Conditions of Heat Treatment on the Pro-Perties of OOOK-h-111110,'-,12T Steel" Moscow, U-Tetallovedeniye i Termicheskaya Obrabotka No 12, 1973,, Pp 9-13 Abstract: The conditions develo7)ed for the heat treatment of,!2T steel medce it, -Doss-ible to -Droduce on the ,e-,-~rained metal properties close to the-so of oemi- initial larp finished rgoods of sm-all section aith lon teMDerat-ure at the end of hot de-.Eormation and possessing =.all r5rains and suffi- cient high plasticity and viscosity at up to -700C temperatures. J. After the heat 11reatment according to the schedule 12200C for 1/2 USSR DOLOTOVA, T. S., et al., Metallovedeniye i Termicheskaya Obrabotka MetallovP No 12, 1973, PP 9-13 2 hrt water + threefold'au-Stenitization at 1010+100C for 1-3 hr' water + 6000C for 15 hr, air + 8500C for 1 11r, nir + 5000C for 2 hr, the following sat', sfactory com-olex of mechamical nro-ner- Oc - te- -t=155 fcg ties could be obtained: at .20 nsile -trer--+h 6 '/W.1121 s-Decification yield point 6'oz=149.5 kevmm,~' re_,~Ii~dual relative narrowing elong, tion 61 =12;-, relative0 Y=56-5-~", impact ductility 2 -.m,/cn -7 C - G-L-=179 kg/mm2, 4'3-~j a=33- 5 kg. m/ a=5.5 kg , and at 0 Y~ cm Six figures, three bibliographic references. 2/2 USSIR UDC--612.-858+6126-- 886 ,TMW, L.- A..,. and DOLOTOVSKIY, A. H. , lm&boratory~ of Physiology of the Testibular Appardtus-~-Institute:-df Physiology imeni.J. P. Pavlov, Academy- of Sciences USSR,, Leningrad *Tb-- Influence ar tha Sezd:circul Canal~; -- on-.0-tolith. Reflexes" Leningrad,,. Fiziologichen-J-dy Zhurnal SSSR' Vol- 56 - No -11' Noy 70, PP 1546-1553 t I. I Abstracti, PiEeons were exposed to linear horizontal (0-359-0.397 G) and vertical (0.198-0.212 G) accelerations while on.a~four-perch swing. A caudal shift of the otoliths resulted in contraction of.the m. levator coccygis, wbT7 a rostral shift resulted in contraction of the m. depressor coccygis. The reaction ceased when the swinging was slowed-and the linear accelera- tim decreased to 0.2 G. The tonic reaction of the m. levator coccy6jils is thus a smecific otolith reflex arising in repsonse to a caudal shift of the otoliths. In. DiGeons with the serftcircular canals blocked this reaction remained quaLitatively unchanged but was quantitatively different frora -the zeaction JiL intact~ birds, This fact suggests that, in the latter, afferent lrqnLT ses fron - the- se-rdeimn.0 a canals inhibit the . otolith --eflex. Exclusion of the canals (through-Axans-ection), however, facilitates the reflex. 'A Acc. Nr. Ref. I Code: UR 0239 t4POO37017'~ PRIRARY SOURCE: Fiziologicheskiy Zhurnal SSSR, 1970, Vol 561 Nr 2, pp 2 119 - ;Z,3 I DIGITAL-ANALOGOUS TRANSFORMER FOR ANALYSIS OF THE UNIT A&IKITY Dolo-tovskiz, A. Lab. of Vestibular Apparatus, T'avlov";"l titute of Physiology, Acad: Sci. USSR. ,7Ld A.small transistori7ed device for the unit activity analysis is described. Results of the analvsis are transferred and fixed as ordinateson an ink-writing recorder. The ordinates s1low the number of spikes for a iven time. An olectronic trigger coutiter was used for obtaining the binary codes. Tito codes ara transformed into voltage and thus conveyed to a recording device. R E E L / F MMI E 9 1 72, 1 - 95) 3 g", L I ~N I S C I I I L I I cm r In,t Itut., ond Lab~,t-at- C." 11-~'. 1'r th Ill., 1000 1 r 5J k. Jet)., 1971, 115 p,g.s, :W;Q c.pi-, ~9 'k. S. A. AvkhIp,,,. Chet,orti~:!;~~'L I-! I In W-t.rvi SlberLiT. inst it, Department. N,vo% lb Ir s 1:, 19 ; I , 3J.' ~!O go -z I' i I . 1 r Bar,,n md 1. Ya. :7 A-1 111-1 ud.- r"m (rh.. Dent ...t 0, 11 it, R '.- F, I!, t k t t~ or HlOng i-ril A. A. Sk-chin,kly. ~th Ill., 2300 c,pl~..,, 74 k. morphous !)ubstltutionu In Crysi..,1~ ). Ct, II(- c' ~ii r,f Art 1. - It 1.1~' Ituo of Gr."nc-415try arid AnalytIcal Cli-,ktry V-nt V. 1. 1971. 232 1300 copl-, 2 r ) k. -Y I W- (Sea- N. D. Pustovoytov. Se-nn,--zImtt,- sonally Froton Soils and !heir Snil In%-,Ijtv 1:;vni 7. DoWchay.v. Hn~co., 1971, 232 p,%- Itti 1503 ..pi-, I r S* 11. SjvvIn. T.,~. Aklulov~. and v. r. :;-,~ov,k. cr~ .:%ic!ir%*~i- r-centy dlv~ SC, (C)j'J-ajC 4j7 'y "Id t and SQ. I Imt"tut. of G-ao- '~115tr yt It. . C~~-i.try Ivtni V. 1. Verrind skly. Mo&cnw, 1971. 192 pagos. 1Q00 coples, 61 k. N. N. Strakhav. vRn-il (T~.a Devel- opmnt of Lithngenetic P.eas In F-51a). G*PI~Ocril Irisritt4tff. Mo4cvw, 1971. 622 pages with ill., 1500 copies, 5 r 64 I~. al-logichl SeWnces Ye. L. Dolubov.- rpcul-t~li dvr7-'.r"% V .,f C~i:r,l Regulation In Ontogenesis). Moscow, 1971, c t, es, 90 k. K.sitskly. Tslvlllz~tsiv I -or C-, If kC N iliL-t I'm -nd the H-rt Moscow, 1971. 200 pages with Ill., 25,000 copteii. U 'K. LU CD :D _j USSR DOIMMMOVY I YI., Doctor, Engineering Sciences "Radio Communication on the Moon" ZNI-oscow, Radio, No. 12, 1970, pp 2-3 UDC: None Abstract: This short popular science article deals with the rela- tive advantages and disadvantages of radio communication on the moon's surface as compared to communication on the earth. Lunar communication is much more.complex because the moon has neither atmosphere nor ionosphere; consequently the long-distance recep- tion provided by these factors on earth is unavailable. Also, the soil of the moon's surface is such as to have low conductivity and high absorption to radio waves. Additional factors contributing to difficulties of lunar communication are the greater curvature of the moon's surface and the height of its mountain ranges, which exceeds that of the earth's mountains. Scientists have decided that wave lengths of -the order of 1000 meters, depending on the range of coverage desired, are optimal. There are factors, how- ever, in favor of radio reception on the moon. Atmospheric noise is absent, and long distance communication for narrow-band signals is thus possible -- i.e., over several hundred kilometers. The 4- beam process for communication over the moon's mountains is also explained. USSR UDC: 621-391.8 FSTC-HT-23-49-72 ARMY MATERIEL COMMAND U,S, ArWAY FOREIGN SCIENCE A14D TECHNOLOGY CENTER A r-MY FROM HILL111FITZ TO TIMWIERTZ: RADIo W1k,61ES P; K~Rl::F CO~i~W,ItCXULON Atm NAVICKrICIN (EXCERPTS) by C It. P. Dolukhanov USSR 7; ti a of the *g 'orei o r- gn text wit;20;'t any C.-. ytical cr co-..?nt. Approved for public TC62SC ~ distribution unlimited. If6 F z, c- e,7 S-Z: -72 8 I USSR mc: 621.317.7 DOLUnWTOV, M. P. , VOLOTOVSKAYA, N. K. , Leningrad Electrical Engineering unications "An Installation for Hydroacaustic Modeling" USSR Author's Certificatc, No 2592739 filed 27 Mar 68, pubti-11""d 214 Apr 70 (from RZh-Radiotekhnika, No 12, Dee 70, Abstract No 12A-',&') P) Translation: For experin~f--ntrjl. Investigation of' condi.tifiris or propap.,,ation of radio waves and radar reflection from marine targets on the bn-sis of hydro- acoustic models, an installation is used which contains a tank with a liquid in which a transmitter and receiver of ultrazionic oscillations are immersed. The surface of the tank is covered with a rigid curved plastic film whi ch simulates the curvature of the earth. A model of the screening barrier or target is placed on the film. The source of ultrasonic oscillations simulates a transmitting antenna. The object being ., studied produces secoridar%y emission 'which is picked up by the hydroacoustic receiver. The surface of the liquid has a convex shape with respect to the waves propagating in it, and therefore diffraction effects may be taken into account when setting tip an experiment. Three illustrations. A. 1. 1/1 1/2 026 TITLE--RADIO WAVES IN SEA AUTHCR--DOLUKIiANOV, M..P. COUNTRY OF l.4FO--USSR SOURCE--(UT MILLIGERTZ DO NAV I GIATS I I ) LEN I!,lGl AJ i DATE PUBLISHED ------- 70 UNCLASSIFIED PROCESSING OATE--13iNOV70 COMMUNICATION AND NAVIGATION -U- AMN TERAGERTZ. RADIOVOLNY V MORSKOY SVYAZI I SUDOSTRO YEN I YL p 1970 v 104 PP SUBJECT ARE4S--fqAVIGATION TOPIC TAGS--RAOtO WAYE Pk,"eAGATIONP 141LLIMETEk WAVE PKOPAGATION, MARINE NAVIGATION, MARITIME RADIO CONTROL MARKIING--NO RESTRICTIONS DOCUMENT CLA S S--UNCLA SS I F I ED PROXY REELIFRAME--300510271 STFP NO--UP/0000/70/000/000/0001/0104 CIRC ACCESSION N'0--A,1,1013~525 2/2 026 UNCLASSIFIED PROCESSING DATE--1311NOV70 CIRC ACCESSION NO--AMOL32525 ABSTRACT/EXTRACT--(U) GP-0- ABSTRACT. PREFACE 3. CHAPTER I GENERAL PROBLE MS IN RADIO WAVE PROPAGATIUN 5. 11 ELECTRIC CHARACTERISTICS OF EARTH SURFACE AND STRUCTURE OF ATMOSPHERE 26. 111 PROPAGATION OF RADIO WAVES OF VARIOUS RANGES, 53. IV PROPAGATION OF ULTRA SHD,~T CAVES 81* V PROPAGATION OF MILLIMETER WAVES AND OPTICAL ;~A NGE WAVES 99. IN AN EASY LANGUAGEr THE AUTHOR DISCUSSES THE CONTEMPORARY CONCEPTS ON THE MECHANISM AND CHARACTERISTICS OF PROPAGATION OF kADI0 WAVES. THE BOOKWAS WRITTEN FOR PEOPLE-[NTERESTEI) IN SHIP RADIO COMMUNICATIONY MARINE AND GROUND RAOAR AND RADIO NAVIGATION EQUIPME,,yr, AS 14ELL AS RADIO AMATEURS. -UNIC LASS I I'll' Acc. Nr.: Ref. Code: UR USLIM UDC: Nonb DO UIGJAI-K-41~ Doctor of Engineering Sciences "Underground Radio Wave Propagation" Xoscow,,R~~,dio, No. 1, 70, pp 42-43 Abstract: A new medium -for the propagation of radio waves has ap- peared recenzly to take its place alongside such well-known propa- gation media as surface, J-onosphere,-and troposphere. This new medium is to be found in the earth's core. The nature of the earth's core as well as its physical cliaracteris-Lics lending L.aem- selves to radio wave propagation is discussed in this article. Underrroiznd propagation its possible because of the structure of `Zhe core's upper thre~e layers. T'he uppermost is primarily of sedimentary rock, vh.-L'Ch has a relatively hi,-,,h conduciance. The third iayer consists of basalt, which at ordinary temperatures is a poo I-r- conductor. At the temperature of the earth! s interior, Reel/Frame AP0041185 however, its conductance is high. Between these two layers is the crystalline layer which is poorly conductive. In these two conductive layers separated by a nonconductive one, we have what ar-owats to a gigantic waveguide. This, in principle, c~~n be used -or long-distance radio communication. Three possible variarts of underground radio wave propagation are discussed. The first of these has been theoretically established by Ye. L. Feynberg and .1;. M. Brelrhovskiy and involves the Huygens theory. This mechanism specifies tAat the receiver antenna be shallowly placed under tune surf-Face of the -round. The second rneciianism, like the first, uses the side wave; it, however, requires that the antenna be buried -to a depth of several hundred meters in the crystalline layer. in the third mechanism, the antenna is several kilometers below -i;he surface. -Kn advantage of the underground communication met4hod is that the uDDer or sedimentary layer siiields the commu- nication channel- fro.m--a-,,mospheric noise. It is asserted -,,hat the .L _L -Cloreign press has specu-ated on the possibility of' using under- [--ound propagation for communications between submarines lying on -11he oceaals floor. 19750977 -4 -- /r, 4M*PL -1 S R Ov UDC: None z:p- -M. Doctor. Rnginearing Uciencea ,~=VES ~10y_ Communication on the Moon" Kracow, Radic. So. 12, 1970, pp 2-1 O~ztruet.- Thin ehort popular science article denle with the role- ziv~ advantuges and disadvantages of radio communication on the r~L-a*a aurfnc* &a compared to communication on the earth. Lunar ~,,=.unicaticz- 1-9 much more complex becauoe the moon has neither n'.nL-phere ncr --onoophere; consequently the long-distance recep- t,-:..- provided %,y these factors on earth is unava.L,bla. Also. the of the =c-ozlm surface is ouch an to have low conductivity and abaort5ti,:z to radic, waves. Additioral factors contributing _1:.fficuit1_.s of lurar communication are the greater curvature ci.' .h,! moon's surfoca and the height of its mountain ranges, which ,i~c~~cdo that of tho earth's mountains. Scientists have decided ,1_~Rt wave le--gths of the order of 1000 meters, depending on the vitnge of coveraeo desired, are optimal. There are factors, how- In farc- of radio reception on the moon. Atzo:ph!ric noise absent, ~=! long distance communication for narro -b ad signals *.hue poasilt;'.e -- i.e., over several hundred k"lomaters. The 4- :I,t;L= procoss for co=unication over the moon's -mountains is also qxplained. z SR L~S. UDC; 621.391.8 71'rJK, V. Y*. "d MIF-HAYLENRO, V. S. ~171s-.Izatiag t--e R:ffectiveneas of Preemphasis for Improving the .,I-, *-as immun-Ity of FM Graphic Information Transmission" izvest-'re VUz - Redioelektronika. Vol. 13, 11o. 9, 1970, 1107-1112 ,Ijt5tract: The system envisaged in this article is one of facitmile 11ransmioaion to an electronic computer, a process which demands qt..gli receiver noise i=unity to maintain the clarlty of the trana- :Titted line drawings. Since preamphasia has beer. considered in q--r,zection wtth improving the noise immunity of Aly, signals, this 1~-tllcle Is dwrotod to the possible role of preemphanin in noise- i=ar.IzIrLg :'X signals, particu.1arly I-- connection with facsimile 4 -!L=:=ias4 oz. Expressions are obtained for thu uIgnal voltage at ~:ie receiver izyut with preemphaalls, and the effectiveness of tho t~mphusla ey!~tem is*eatimated from the aignal/noine rutlo at receive- input for a conatnnt average signal power at the in- to the cz~~=Ioatlon channel of tha rocaiver. The voltage of 1-ponza lo pils, noimo at tho output of tho 4-imphitAia cir- ~t_it is determined un4er the assumption that thc nc.1se can be dv- ,~~:rlbed by tm-* Dirac ~.Unctioa. The authors co'n'clude thAt the UDO ~:f prcamphaa:~s does Improve the noise '-=unity of facsimile images that %he method they describe can be used in projected as well ~~z exiatinz lacaimile equipment. 112 028 -UNCLASSIFIED PROCESSINS OATE--11SEP70 .TITLE--RAOTO WAVES IN SEA COMMUNICATION AND NAVIGATION -U- AUTHOR--DOLUKHANOVj_M_._P_. COUINTPY OF T.IIFO--USSR SOURCE--FRGM MTLLIHERTZ TO TERAHERTZ. RADIO WAVES IN SEA COMNIUNICATION AND NAVIGATION (OT 4ILLTGERTZ TO TER4GERTZ. kADIOVOLNY V MORSKOY SVYAZI I DATE PUBLISHED ------- 70 SUBJECT AREAS--NAVIGATION, PHYSICS TOPIC TAGS--RADIO WAVE PROPAGATION, MARINE NAVIGATION, MARITIME RAQTq, ATMOSPHERIC ELECTRIC PHENOMENON C!aNTPOL 14APKIN"_'?--kvl0 RESTRICTIONS OOCUMFNT CL&SS--UNCLASSIFIED PROXY REEL/FRAME--1988/0492 STEP NO--UR/0000/70/000/000/0301/010? CIRC ACCESSION NO--AM0105477 I A 2/2 028 UNCLASSIFIED PROCESSINI, DATE--llSEPi70 CIRC ACCESSION N9--AM01054-77 ABSTRACT/EXTRACT--~U) GP-0- ABSTRACT. TABLE OF CONTENTS: DREPACE 3. CHAPTER 1. GENE AL PROBLEMS IN RADIO WAVE PROPAGATION 5. 11. ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF FARTH SURFACE AND STRUCT'.)PE OF 4TMnSPy=_R;_ 26. 111. PROPAGATION OF RADIO-WAVES OF VARIOUS BANOS 53. TV. PROPAGATION OF ULTRASHORT WAVES 81. V. PROPAGATION OF MILLI-METEQ WAVES AND OPTICAL BAND WAVFS 99. THE AUTHOR PRESENTS IN AN EASY FORI THE CONTEMPORARY CONCEPTS ON THE MECHANISMS-AND CHARACTERISTICS OF PROPAGAT16N OF RADIO WAVES (IF VARIOUS BANDS.' THE BOOK WAS WRITTEN FOR PEOPE5 INTEKESTLD 'IN SHIP -RADIO COMMUNICATibN,.- MARINE AND UROUND RADIO NAVIGATION EQUIPMENT. IT WILL BE VERY USEFUL TO RAD-10 AHATEURS. F_ I E: u 112 027 UNCLASSIFIED TITLE--ELECTRONIC APPARATUS FOR THE RAPID PARTICLES -U- - AUTHOR-(02)-DiJLVA, G.P., TUTUBALINt A.I. Ift ------------ COUNTRY OF INFO--USSR 50URCE-PRID- TEKH. EKSP. 1970, 1, 112-15 .DATE PUBLISHED ------- 70 PROCESSING DATE--lbOCT7u IDENTIFICATION OF CHARGED SUBJECT AREAS---PHYSICS, NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY TOPIC TAGS--CHARGED PARTICLE, KINETIC ENERGY, SCINTILLATION COUNrER, PROPORTIONAL COUNTER, PULSE HEIGHT ANALYZERt COUNTING CIRCUIT CONTROL MARKING--NO RESTRICTIONS, DOCUMENT CLASS--UNCLASSIFIED PROXY REEL/FRAME-1994/12~5 STEP NO--UR/0120/70/001/000/0112/0115 CIRC ACCESSILIN' NL-)--AP0115264" UNCLASSIFIF0 212 027 UNCLASSIFIED PROCESSING OATE--lbOCT70 CIRC ACCESSION ND--AP0115262 ABSTRACT/EXTRACT--(U) GP-13- ABSTRACT. THE PRINCIPAL SCHE;4E IS GIVEN OF AN ELECTROINIC DEVICE WHICH FORMS THE FUNCTION F IS SI,141 LAR TO LOG 1.5( t E PLUS E SU30 PLUS KIDELTAE-DELTAX)) DELTAE-DELTAX) /12HERE E IS THE RESIDUAL EiNERGY LiF THE PARTICLE AFTER I rs PASSA-GE THKOUGH THE uETECToR WITH A THICKNESS DELTAE-DELTAXt AND E SUBO AND K AkE VARYI.-NG CONTS. THE ENERGY PROFILE OF FUNCTION F WAS DETED. FOR ALPF14 PARTICLES IN THE RANGE 5-24 MEV AND FOR P AT 1-14.7 MEV. THE PARTICLES wEi~E REGISTERED t3Y A TELESCOPE OF 2 PROPORTIONAL AND I SCINTILLATIOIN COUNTERS. THE USE OF THE TELESCOPE IN CONJENCTION WITH THE ELECTRONIC DEVICE ALLOWS DISCRIMINATION OF ALPHA PARTICLES FROM THE NOISE UF OTHER CHARGto PARTICLES. FACILITY: FIZ. TEKH. INST., KHARKGV, USSR. l4q f- I A c ~~ T ;-- 1 ~- F USSR UDC: 543-51 SHKURDODA, V. F., Candidate of Technical Sciences; SA150BROD, V. V., ANDRUSEITIM, A. A., and DO.LYA, V. 11. , Engineers "A Manufactured 1--ioncipolar Type I-M-7301 Spectrometer" Moscow, Pribory i sistemy uDravleniya, I-To 6, 1972, pp 42-43 Abstract; The Sumy Plant for Electronic Microscopes has desigiled a monopolar mass spectrometer, type I-M-'j 'iOl, fo_-~ Biass -produc- tion. N. N. Ba-grov, A. A. Guslyakov, and A. G. ]Curmanskiy were the men primarily responsible for the design of the industrial version of this instrument'., which was constructed for dealing with problems involving the analysis of residwal gases in vacuum systems, gas separation and the determination of leakages in high vacuum, the eff iciency of evacuation in systems, the control of residual gases in technical procedures such as vacuum. sputterinE of thin films, vacuum alloying, and the like. A block diagram and a photograph of the instrument are presented together a list of its technical characteristics and a sample mass spectro- graph of residual gases. The instrument itself is discussed -nd its theory explained. The device has both automatic and m.,:inual scanning, and its rc!,-:jolving power and meSs ranLe can be varl(_-~'k 1--lithiii certain limit;-.. 112 - USSR UDC 8.74 -MTVATQWfi&6M& . POBM-OVSIKIY, 74., VILLYAR, ZH. ClAutomated Transmission Program in COBOL" V sh. TeoriZa i prahtika mash. obrabotki inform. (Theory and Practice of Ma- chine 5ata Processing - collection of works), Ro:;tov-na-Donu, 1971, pp 6-15 (from RZh-Kibernetika, No 7, Jul 72, Abstract No 7V637) No abstract 1/1 IUSSR UDC 577.4 DQIIY -- V A "Statements of Tvi Problems of Optimization of Pattern Layout" V sb. Teoriya i praltilka mash. obr-aboCr.i infor-m. (Theory and Practice of 'Ta- chine -Lata Processing -- collection of works), Rostov-na-Donu, 19 71, Pp 7~-74 (from RZIl-idbernetika. No 7$ Jul 72, Abstract Nlo 7V478) Translation: Linear prograraidne, models, are described for two versions of tile roll layout problevi. ill US S R U 1,1 C7 .DO-IYATOVS-1-M, V. A. "Training of Specialists in Inforriliatics in France" V sb. 'Teoriya i praktika inform.. (Theory ancl, Practice of %acil- ine Data ~Procussing -- collectiun of works) , Rostov-uz-Donu, 1971, pp 91'~'-110 I! (from Uh-Kibernetika. Jo 7, jul 72, Abstract ~.o 7V551) No abstract 59 - USSR. UDG 6.74 DOLYATOVSKIY, V. A. "Progran for Automatic Thesaurus Construction" V --b. Teoriva. i prahtilp. mash. obrabotki infcm. (Theory and Practice of ',!a- chine Data Processing -- collection of works), Rostov-nr-Donu, 1971, pp (from. RZh-17I:Cbcrnetika, '.,-,o 7, Jul 72, Abstract No 7V537) No abstract USSR OLYATOVSKTY- Y. A. qww~ I I UDC: 8.74 "Concerning an Algorithm and a Device for Recognizing Sound Patterns" V sb. Teoriya i praktika mash. abrabotki inform. (Theory and Practice in Compu Processing of Information-collection of works), Rost ov-na-Do- nu, 1971, PP 74-89 (from RZh-Kibernetika, No 6, Jun 72, abstract Yo 6V576) [No abstract] 65 - DO'LYATD\/S/