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- ----- --- -- 112 UO U L A S I C-- 10' L C 70 IF il.9 .,T-l:TLL--PKG-PLR f I ~cj OF COtjALT li., A6 101 -r AtEo U), (,4AL,(jR(lff:" -U- UTHUR-tC2)-4AhTULI~,.'~=-fv.G., ;RYAbKl-'t GyT CUNTRY ijF INC-0--ussR StUACE--LH. PqIKL. KHIM. (LEN INGRfD) 1970P ~MOP -e25-31 ~64TE PUBLISHEi,------70 -S-UdiECT. AREAS-CHEMiSTRY TOPIC TAGS-C06ALT COMPOUND, HYDROXIDE'? X IDAI I ON, CH KINEI Gi~LLG101 ,,::-~PHYSKAL ChEMISTRY PRCPERTYi CHEMICAL PRECIPITATICIN CCNTkr-L I kE ST.-',, If- r liDN S -U 00CU11MEN47 CLASS-UNCLA -S 51 F Ii La_ 212 020 UNC 4. AS S I F xE D C. IRC ACCESSICIN Nt,--.AP0131';38 A S'frR,,AC. T I E X T F. AC U) G P - 0 -S T R A", T OM'fl. f'1:: SULNS . '6Y CL IN THE FkLSENCI'L d(: A, NEUT0,ALLif ING SUCh Nl"6i_lli, !jA ~su.13'2 Cu SUB3r -,R P,.A St;u3 SO SU64t' R J I'll F I ta I' VV PifiLLJ I.: 1"i -THAT THE FPfjCESS fS LO~~ALIIW AT GLUATC1, 1,161"ill's Oi- 1:1-"E 1t"~":br~"Aj_lz:[i'ij -AGENT WHEkf- THE OXIOAM' CONGPI. IS A MIN. 'THUS, Tfill.: CL 1-1 GP/(_S LESS r-OLLOIJAL GO;(OH) SU11-3 BUT 15 MORE .1.5EINSITIVE TO THF:! 4_u.%tFN fjF Tlil::, INEUTRALl ZING AGENT ANO TO 4 +lF OF fili: -.E TEMP. WATh L N. THE CULGIDAL PkOPERTI ES OF THE: PPT. DECREASE AND, lj~ I ri-o V_R F ASI N"'; U F: -,UF THE -INEUTRALI ZING AGENT LA~G,Ek LOLLOIDAL PP!rS.- IRE Fl:j,4jiEG. 'THE :OPTIMUM LLNOITHNS FGR COU.1h). SU'81 PPTs~. W*jrH SArisl:ACl'W*tY Sl.,'4fC-R#*k6lLITY RE-:: DET13- T: HL" VA A. P r. bms _'_-~%L 'Volttqge-Yrequon~!yl Conve', to rs o goVosibirsk, Avtometr~ya, Ro 5, 1971, pp 79-85 Abstract-. The operotion of a synchroni.-ed con.- verter is analyzed, and experimental data concorninl,,, its oper~-.ition is given. It nontains a passive RC inte6-riitur ~=,Llftor which~' acts as a comparator amplifier, and ;ta sensiti~vity iu deterv_~Lned by the amplifier driftt one of the P;~Isea of wl-~~,Lch is heatin-a Ln, the eircuitlo input transistor stages, A 10.oc4c~~diagvlun of the converter ie Civen. and its operation,explainod. The 1)asic cal-ces of the appearance of nonline,,~r phenomerla of' the 'Iaerml zone" tyPe are diacusrved. Since no reservations cone orni netf, the' `uqpo of power =ply for the circuit were made in tile ajuumptions on the analysis was bazed, '-he resulta of the latta~- in general valid for synchronized circulto of this type. R'Olijulta of experi- ments with the device, achievadin a.testing per:1od of 0.1 s, In- dicate that the synchronized eircuit'haB excelleatt. metrolo-sical characteristics. UNCLASSIFIED PROCESSING 9ATE--230C,'T( TITLE--MIXED ADSORPTION CATALYSTS FOR HYOKOGEN411m. XVI. RHODIUM PLATIhU: AND RHnoIUM PALLADIUM CATALYSTS ON SILICA GEL -U- AUTHOR-(03)-ALCHUDZHAN# A.A., YEDIGARYANt N*Zj MA?4TIKYANj M.Ao COUNTRY OF INFO--USSR 6 SOURCE--AR.14. KHIM. ZH. 1970t 23(1)t 3-8 DATE PUSL ISHED ------- 70 SUBJECT AREAS--CHEMISTRY TOPIC TAGS--AH0DIUM ALLOYv PLATINUM ALLOYi PALLADIUM ALLOY, CATALYSTt HYUROGENATION, ADSORPTION9 SILICA GEL CONTROL 14ARKING--NO RESTRICTIONS 00CUMENT CLASS--UNCLASSIFIED PROXY KEEL/FRAME--199711573 STEP NO--UR/0426170/023/001/000310008 CIRC ACCESSION NO--AP0120352 UNCLASSIFIED 212 015 UNCLASSIFIED PROCESSIUG DArE--23)Cr7 CIRC ACCESSION NO--AP0120352 AaSTRACT/EXTRACT--(U) GP-0- A3STRACT, THIS WORK llqVESYIGATED THE EF!:ECT OF PT AND PD ON THE CATALYTIC ACITIVITY OF kH ADSORBED UN A SIO SUB;' CARRIER. THE MIXED CATALYSTS CONTAINED 0.5 WT. PERCENT OF RH fJ,% it() SUB2 AND VARIOUS AMTS. OF PT AND PD, IN ADON. TO THESE RH PT-SIO SLIB2 AND RH PD-SIO SUB2 CATALYSTSv SINGLE CATALYSTS FILH-SIO SIJB2, PT-SIO SUB2 AND PD-SIO SUB2 WERE ALSO USED FOR COMPARISON. c4TALYTIC ACTIV[TY ~AS MEASURED FOR HYDROGENATION bF BENZENE AT 90DEGREESt WITH VOL. RATIO H SUB2:C SUB6 H SUB6 EQUALS 4:11 ANO RATE OF H SUBZ GAS STREAM SUPPLY 1.! AND 2.5~1.-HR. THE ACTIVITY WAS EXPRESSED IN PERCENT CONVERSION OF BENZENE INTO CYCLOHEXANE. EXPTL, RESULTS SHOWED THAT kH-PT-SIO SUB2 CATALYSTS E-XtilBIT GREATER ACTIVITY THAN THE kli-SID Sbf.12 CATALYSrS, A~40 THAT THE ACTIVITY INCREASES PROPORTIONALLY TO THE INCREASE OF THE CONTENT Of: PT-. THE ACTIVITY OF CONCURRENTLY DEPOSITED RH PT-SIO SUB;! CATALV-jf IS CONSIDERABLY LARGER THAN THE AUDIT!VE ACTIVITIES OF RH-SIO sk-lSt AND PT-sln SUB2 CATALYST~ r-UNIG. 1"~ ShRF Amlls. t~Fr RIA AND PT. VHE po WAS INTROOKED INTO ItAE Rvk-slu sul~z UJNLYSTI TIAEM'. 'ANS S%3%kE-. NOT 14FER PRONOUNCED .BUT UNMISTAKABLE REON, IN*THE CATALYTIC ACJIVITY. TRIS -TRONLC INTE CONIRASTIUG MkiNVIUIR IS NSCRXIL~ED T13 D'IFFERERT ELE'~ P14CTIONS NO PT, ANO Rli ANU P0# SINCE ELECTRONIC STRUCIURES OF PT A40 BETWEEN RH, A' -10-riEVER9 QUtTE POSS11LF THAT THE CARRIER SIll PQ ARE DIFFERENT. IT ISt I SUSZ tS-LARGELY RESPONSIBLE FOR THE EFFECT. FACILITY: EREVAN. POL11EKH'. INST. Im. mhRKSA, EREVAN* USSR. UNCLASSIFITED 77- 7 4 USSR LOC 620-193.4 L. A., kqJLYAKAYFV, L. 1M., DUB11,711, G. 111.1 DAMISOVI V. B., VPL~TOYARI`M I-TANTORQYA,_T. 11 , and RLIFER, A. A., hascou Aviation InstitUtO ilLnni '--Bergo Gxdzhrjrtil:iO--e "Corrosion Resistalice of Diffusion Chromo Plated Steel in~ Certain Yadlwas" Moscow, Zashchita Notallov, Vol 9, No I# Jan-Feb 73, PP 66-70 Abstracti A study vas ma-de of the corrosion of -)latc,,l stool!; In a series of induztrial aggrc~nsllve media. Specimeno of' carbon stecla (brand5 3,5 alicl 451 aill of CR,h,'.1!-,`T auntenttic-ferrD;ic, oli-;rj v:n- chromated accordirg to a techroloE;y devololed by the Chair of kv.-Uticn Scienco, of lNetals of 1-.0scow Aviation Ins-titute; theAr diffunion layer x-.~-ay- analyzed and its thiciu-tess and microhardness measured. Mrrosion rc--i--twnc.- curves of brand 45 n'clel before wid after di-"fuzion chra:.-,o p1laidn'; at 11W ~) for L*,fu~;ion chronating. protects brand 4-5 *t4lcl coz, ~:io, 10 Iza show that di 2:0 n n a 15,1' solution of tartaric acid and in a iolution o~ tab. c. s:Ll' , but, does not reliably pr-~)toct it in a co,.,1c,-,ntr,,,tcd frCon rohitlori vid.-oly t--c(l In refrigratinZ; plants at condi'vions of ~1010'~ aj-.dl, 60 at. 1),--.:;ullu-; of corrosion tests under indust-rlal conditions of up to t110 YtUAM of brand 35 --tcal and OKh".I;;5T ~tcolf chro,,~-~Ltvd wid not, 131-1011n, jc(~,Iod to the, autlon of i-n The corrorlon r,-.te of bxand -.,ub- 1/2 USSR HUYAKAY-EVt L. PI. et al. Zashchita, Metallov Val 9 No I#: Jaii-Peb 73, pp 66-70 medium for up to 6"72 h-.s with a diffusion coating is ton tirri-as lower than Witbout a coating uia approxJinately equal to the corrosion rate of CKh2l 1~5T taia-less cteel in thi-~ medium. The use of a chromatod 41iff "-Ion coatin'r, a to increase the corr"~ ion resistanco of OKh21iI5T proved to bee oil little effect. Two figures, two tablest five bibliographic refen-aces. 2/2 USSR IJDC ~TDDER: M. L., SUIPRYAGA, V. G., YAj,[T3,C)IrjCjj, V. ya., and, A. G., IT"M ", "t - iy' ~ - i~ Division of Epide;Aoloj-,%, and Prophylaxis of Malaria iti"'ITUb""t all" 0-1 tZ'- Hosogeography of Parasitic Tropical Diseases in Foreign of Medical Parasitology and of Tropical 14--~icine i-muni !Ie. 1. I,bxtsinovski-.'--~ Ministry of Healtil USSR, Moscmt "Susceptibility to Wimhereria bancrofti Cobbold of CuleX pipien!. riolesLus Forskal Tbsquitoes Occume-ins in Moscow" Ibscow, I,Ieditsinshaya Purazitolo;,iya i Paraziturnyyu Val 41, Fb 'ieP-Oct 7; 2 'Yo 599-601 -Abstract: Culex p1pioni; molcs.11iis I.-O."quitof r, th!~' Cit'y of were successfullY linfect-uld with t-h~cheruria bitncrmti CW:,'t -A,:'i ricroi'j. Lariiu ',~:j feeding then thrauCh a biological, mnbrane Ir'.315111Y rmuse) ~,,-ith venous blood of wuchQreriasis paticilto kolvi of E"j;'.- and another of Vietna-m) i:-dxed vith a physiola',-.tical Sal'im! mAution and at a temperature -< 50. 7he fi. bancrofti lartme ti;lie 17 days i"-"ter infection of th--~ ferinle nosquitoes, "Alick ""urea Xelut at and a relative htuAditY Of USSR UDC 576-895-77li6lo'.988.:?,5-0--106.2(5-11.63) FEDDERj M. L., REZ111K, YE. P., 11-VIVINSKIY, M. L., MANTU11MOV, A. G., anf~ TROTSKAYA, D. F., Institute of Nedicinal. Parasitol'~J~Y 'a-;'A'Tr6'~16al riedicirle imeal. Yo. 1. Hartsinovsklyp USSR Unistxy of Public Health, 1,1ascow; Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology, Vladivostok "Data of the Epidemiological Evaluation of Vatural Populmtions of Aedes togol. Thoobald. in -the Soviet Primorye" Moscow, Meditsinskaya Parazitologiya i Parazitarnyya B61oziii, Vol 40, No 3, 1hy/Jun 71, pp 301-307 Abstracti A. togoi, mosquitos axe carriers of' Japaneso encephalitls In a number of Southoast-Aslan cotintries and alt;o In the Primorskjy roglan of the Far Eutern WSR. DaUt on tho duration of tho. gonotiopUp cyc:Lo of A. tagol in the Xha&an rog-lon woro collected in July-Augiist 1()6~ ijt a number of P. Ints of the xegion; the cycle vas found to lasts seven to eight. days. Females,- which grew for two or more Conotrophic cyclesp were most dangerous, respect to Japanese encephalitis and wuchereriosis, th;-4t is 14-1b daq-old fena.Les for encephalitis and 21-24 day-old females for.wuchereriosis,, The age conpositioll Of aatuml populations was determined from autopsy of 2gJ23 Leiales. A total Of 3-1.5% of attacking oncephalitis-earry-ing mosquitos weyv feirsales# while FZ=R# It. L. Hedit-sinskaya. Parazitologiya i PaxazitarrW,e Bolessni Vol 40, No 3t flay/Jun ?It pp 301-307 only 2.9% of the wuchoreriosIs-carrjIng attacUng mosquitos wate female. At pea activity, there nere 9.8 females per hour attacMng one panon anong the encephalitis-carxying zosquitoes, while only 3.3 fema:),~s per hour attacked one petson a mong the wuchereriosis-carrying mosquitoes. 2/2 --112 c 2 Co d L I ,I - AS S I F I E.0 Tj TL L--PRIjP,'- Fl T U u 1, 1. yy L) EP E I P11* Al L- L~ 1. t,lk IL-U- UTBUIR- i 02 AN rUL IN FRY ALIKIJG T -'CCU(vTRY UF INFO--USS R iURCE--LP,. PqIKL. KHIM. (LENM~~RAD) 19701 43 Id 72!'5 ... 31 ,.DATE-,PUBLISHEO ------- 70 ECT AREAS-CHEMISTVY -~.TOOJC TAGS-CLIOALT CaMPGlJ%D, HYDRIQXIDE~ OXIDATM., CHI-O~ PtE, CUU6107 -RTY 'HEMICAL PAECHITATIUN PHYSICAL C11CMISTkY PRCPl C ~`CICNTRC- LmAk K I h G-- N C, A E s T RI 101,11 s -NT c cumt -LASS--UNCl.A-,Slf Ift) u :,-.PRtJXV kECL/FRAklL--3C,04#/053 STEP C 1A CACCESSICN NC--AP0131538 'L4 Wit, ~,.'S If LED 212 020 UNCL A S IF I P6 Pli GCE!;~!, I',, 1- 17: - --.1 1 C I C CIRC ACCESSIC-N "46-AP01-3-1536 GF-0- ABSTRACT. f o E. OX I ON F C (I P I A 1: 2 P 1 V T F F. P R i- S 1: N C L o F A iN E UT k A L I Z I '~ -.1; "'A ~~;, .. SUNS. J3Y CL 1IN G A SUS 2 Cd SUE 3 , CX NA S-J6 3 ~J S J G-ft I UI F f viik ~ F-t-)m ri.i.,lir JV HY T H At T T f I E P P, 'j C E S S I -' L 6 C A L I Z C- D A T C L` %, A T C T f) L I N1 S -:i I: ~ T 11 i: AGENT ~-.IIERE THE. 13XMX.%T CUNC14. [S. i1 MIN. T HU 5 , rij I, C L. 11 X I -X, . I YL S L COLLOIL)AL CLj(CJfi) SWi3 BUT I S I E s I *r I v, E y o, r ii I, jr !j-ir NEUTRALIZiNG AGENT F ; A1W TO ]1-.E 11 1 ~,.C L. A S I I', T f-W. 6- Itli* 1i L N. .''THE CULGIDAL P~GPEKTIES OF Th~z-- PPY. DECKI:ASE AND NITH INCREASINS S 1 21' f: OF THE. NEUTRAL I Z ING AG EW t LARGER ~ICLLOJOAL PP TS . MZ E I~ C r,16 o . THE 'M .3 T -OPTIM11J. LGN01TIGNS FOR CO(UH) SUa PPTS WITH SArvir:j~cr Y Sl~,~ EIZ tj., 'T I~ A 'Ll Y WERE 0 ETC. U114L LA ss I F f 1; D USSR UDC: 621-314 KASPEROVICH9 A. IT., o PROKOITM4), V. 'I "Operation of Synchronized 'Volta e-Jimquene' Conv-orters" Novosibirsk, Avtometriya, No 5P 197li-pp 79-85 Abstract: The operi:-tion of a synchronized voltage-Trequency ccn- verter is analy2;ed, and experimental data conaesrning its operatlion is given. It contains a 'passive RC integrator 11"rM.1ifter ol-hiolh acts as a comparator ampli :fier, rind its sensit:Lvity is detterwil--,Qd by the amplifier drift, one of the causene of wj,.ich 'La; heatin~~,, in the circuit's input trt~rj-siq-'tor stagee. A dii-ilgram of tbo converter ii:, 1~j.von and ita operation explninodf Thn? I)Iujic Cr.1u,".ie", of the appoarance of xiaiilinear phonomena oX tho- "dc.,rA Zone" are discussed. Since no reserimti6ns ooricoraiYja the type of power supp-ly for the circuit were made in the on iihileh the arialysic xrvs bouied, the results of the latter are in Cexitwal valid for sync.1-ronize-d circuits of thin type. Results of experi- ments the device, achieved in a testinG peiriod. of 0.1 s, in- d�cate that the synchronized circuit has excellont L*,,et.-0106icall characteristics, f USSR La) C.- '621*3 -e.?)j KAZAKOV, S. X., HAIMSH, T. N., SURITEL'NOV, V. N., Nov-osibirsk "Designing High-Speed Phase-Sensitive Frequency-Range I~Otectorsll Novosibirsk, A-,rto-metriya, 140 3, 1970, pp 48-53 zing transfer c,'Ylstant Abstract; The article deals with the problem of stabili, of ititel7ratina phase-sensitive detectors for a continuous frcci~ency rangel L~T proper selection of the integration tine. The possibility of improvin- ~2-.; metrological characteristics of the integrating detecturs hetiwielve3 is I~rief'iy ~Oha authors describe their %in circuit fur a discussed. with integration ul a whole number of half-periods. )~ block iiia[;ran of the device is given. The detector operates satisfactorily in a fr4iquency raigo fror. a faw lozen iiz, to 100 kAz. The error in ln~ication of a 90o I;Iiift varies fruji a tenths of a degree to a few d0grues at the end of the sejale, Ithich is accepr-IO.Le even for nigh precision digital bridges. Tho authors thank candidate of tec"Inicall sciences K. Al. 3obolevskiy for his consideration and for his assistance in pro- paring this article. USSR BEKHTEREVA, N. P., Director, Institute of Experimental 3odicine, Corresponding K-.mber, Academy of Sciences, USSR, PPIRRM, K., Stanford Univer5fty, WALTER, G., Burden Neurological Institute, Bristol, and RANLTHAROVA~ Ye. "On the Eve of Discovery" Moscow, Nedelya, No 29, 17-23 Jul 72, p 8 Abstract: The human brain is a product of its environminit. It is preeminently social. The frontal lobes of the brain, where- planning and eecision-Making functions are perfcrmed, are well-developed in humans, but poorly developed in animals. Experiments on animals' higher mental activities and on herd animals may be more analogous to human brain functions. Two (juii.3stions are presented: 1(cw has the complexity of the human brain, largely uneverclsi.~d, been maintained for centuries? Will the braln continue to be abl~t to cbpo_ wLth the increasing loads required of ft? That the brain exercises tiuiny kinmeeded twitclils %dien It confronts the unknown is one hypothesis for the preservation of iLL; Complexity. The brain has marty codes, co!rparable to the Varlou"; HIM in"id-d;.11o tallgwag,(13. These codes may be different for each individital. Scw.o:nf iprcepttons and dram. tin electrical motor functions may operate on the principle of a holog signal, generated by input such as an overheard word, ~-cts up a biochemical 1/2 - 59 - Abstractt In Leningrad -this surname is as popular as that of Paton In Kiev or Curie in Paris. Gelieration after generatlon, again an(i a&.qln, they bacome known for their scientific achlevenents. Thus it is with multi stave rockets reaching for outer spacel having escaped the pull of gralitty tha fir-st stage transfers its dxiving force to the second stage which galkis further nozentun, and imDarts it to thij third stage, which proceeds at an accelerated pace toward its ecientific goal. Natallya Pat-roviia rrT)-xvsents the thirti generation of a tiLlen'led faully. The outatanding ftychoneuroiogical Inatituto in Ldningrexi Is namod after her E- an&f_1ther Academician Vladinir UkMylovich Buhtemy. -kid w) is the street -the Institue Is located. on whIch Documents which reprozent his life are carefully preserund at the Bechterey Ruseum. And even todaly legends al;~,zuzid in the 0'ty about this great which. affe -physician. They dea3L with Us bypnotic pivers dted even Vhe ram- lyzed subjects who would i1ze ar.6 w4lk (Uese were cases ~f aw-Ugnant arid old hy6terias~ 0 the accuracy of his diagnoses on fIrst moetin6 the patients, and 1115 MR7- YANUCHALROVA, YE., Redelya, Russian, i4-20 Jan 74# pp 18-'19 with the relief of suffers an first talking with him. But the -oower of the healer, V~e ability to create new itethod3 and new therapeutic drugs (Bechterev drops, Bechterev tablets) wexi? only the reavate of his prinary attributes: he was a genius in brain research. Ho was a neuro- logist, anatordst, psychiatrist, and yedagoy,.-Ue, lie fouz,4ed now Institutes in Russlai the Brain Institute ani the Fsychoneuroloqical lie headei: the Military Medical Acadeny, Fe apaned the first psychology laboratory in Russia. He also founded the first nnurosurgical clinic Iii the world. lie wrote over 700 scientific papers. Today his najor works :Vorm the fourdation of physiology and psychology; at that time they were ar excux-3ion into the unknown. His colleagues used to say with exasperation and nappet "Only God and Bethterev truly know the anatomy of the brain." Nevertheless, anatomy alone was not his goal. It va.3 a means for an objective understanding of personality. The human buing with Us happinoes, health,,,and sDiritua-1 confort, represented the genuine concerns of Becheterev. To unaerstand Mant What a anat achievementl" bachter-4,v ueed to say. He Saif this as the task of the now f~~ychoneurologjcal Institute. He wrote, 2A5 55 USSR WTUCHAROVA, YE., Nedelya, Russian, 14-20 Jan 74-,. pp 18-19 "All of our higher schools follow to a large extebmt utIll-tarian or professional objectives. They train jurists, mathematicians, aaturalists, physicians, architects, railroad engireers, and so- on. [hit all of this over- looks the fact that the first object that must be considemd in the hunan being and that in addition to professionals the state and:sociaty need individuals who understand the nature of man, what axe tho law.9 that govern his psychic development and how the latter may be boat protected froa abnormal development; one must be concerned vith the optimum utillitation ol' human school agge for educational purposes. how to pratea t-the et).,~plex personality of an individual from intellectural stagnation and adverse attitv4es, prevention of degeneration of the population, and the means which should lie employed to assure the self-reliance of people and prevent the deviolopment of passivity which can be so damaging to the community." Bechterev's texts prosent a daneer to the journali;A i3ince they ara so. welL written that there is a tendency- not to Ante~rruDV them vith one's own w, an&:;Iw ;7- rekv,. to turn -page afte'r pW I ait ner4 tion of Nar is ex4.!*..eI7 be pointed cut that tfie~ mo damaging to an infa-nt's health... The helpless child Is 4y hits very -Ature fearful and constrainei. It is necessary to use all available means to Impart to him a sense of cou age and even boldnessp and to indic;~te only in case of 3/15 USSR I-ajkTUc'4ARVA, V-7. , Nedelya, Russian, 14-20 Jan 74, pp 1e#-19 need that care should be exercised. It is also imperative t1nat self-rellanca in the child be encouraged... to orEanize those activitles in which the child has some inderendence ard in which he can e press his k~towlo(ip,- and creativity." Historians have little knowledge on his backgrot~,nd, However, ot~e fact stands outj hin mother was not an ordinary persons FindinLq he:rself alorze without a husband in a provincial town (which VysLka wa;s at that time) with three children on her hands, she saw to It that the nost prt).1&sing one received an education. He learned to rvad fr"m a politicztlly ttxlled. Pole who was staying in their home. At the ago of sixteen Viaaintlr alone r4:.cLe his way to Petersburg and, as was his great ambition, entered ths hilitary Surgical Academy. It seemn thit his childhood left a GlIplificant, Impritat on him. Once he entered the field of science he began a detailAd uWay o;~ tbe development of man from his earliest agep and wrote nuch on the faotors whLch cLovolop and affect a child's personality and will. K~i applied'his, convictions to his C.M.Laron. And the rvaults uare excellent. Fyotr Via-21almr.1ch vlocted nis own life's woril.- he did rot become a physician or a biologist. He was an expert on the internal combustion engine. He was intere*ted.!~i applying new feclj~jlque~j ljl/ 15 56 14A. VIA NUCIM" YE., Nedelyat Russi&n, 14-20 Jan 74, le-19 PP to tho national toonomy, To that end lie wrota his Wok-A, On tho Con*truction of a Diesel Enrine and Canerzal Application of Tractor-3, 1141 also publishail. specialized studies on theoretIcal =eobanics. His engineering technology in general. Vational defense was his chosen filed of work -- on both offensive and defensive tasks. As in the case of his father, Pyotr 71adimirovich ailso e,Adenced the unique combination of practical talents and theo:mtical tboughta, and just as acutely was alert to what is now. He was an inventor -- in the classical Russian understanding of this word. He did,not resemble tits fathxe closely and exceeded hin in hoight. But tbore was -the isame powexful head of hair. The same dark eyes (now grayp, now blue)# The hands which coulil do a4ything~. Love of work for the sake of work* No fear,of life or tho secMts of nature. The Bechterev genes# it appears, woro dr-mina-at. lrli,m grandchildren followed in grandfather's footutepe, particularly a girl irlion Pyotr Vladiml- rovich loved more than the otherz. He wes pleaaed by her resemblance to himself and her grandfather# the eame eyes# hair, ouriomity, wid vitality, He was not disa7 -pointed that technology did not intere-st her. 'There was fatherly talk, music (batasha sang beautifully, just like her father did), books, and self study (mathematics and chemistry). Since her early child- hood she never lacked tiae for dolls# other notivitlest Od school. 5115 USSR WUCHAROVA,, YE. Nedelyal Rusalan, 14-20 Jan 74, pp 1&-19 Her father recognized that she lu~d a clear cut view of hor goals and that she was not afraid of manual work or poverty# Sbe herself :mgmrdod herself as a kitten; should she fr.11 she'll rise again, softly, on all fours, The true strength of her chaxacter became appireal; vihea true misfo:Aune befell her. They lost their father wvr~ N&U.,sha. with her brotber and nister found themselves In an orphanage. At that 'Llime she was attend.:Uig the sixth class, From the first months of World Wax 11 ohe worked In a hospital. During the time of the blockadoo when the bambaxdement waU its 'worst, she studied nursing courses and the first coux~ss at the Medical t-,iatttvt-n, Sao did not become a mathematician or a chajaist as abe IntAnded :Ln litar cUldhood. The war turnea her life arouna ana made her a phyalclaz, D""tially she felt that this was just temporary, She went throu6h her internship at an acceleratO paco but wa.,i not attracted to this type of work; what gained liar iriterest wera experimenta with animals. She was attracted to a study of the braine -thin centxj.%j 1jer-jous system, and to help nian In this manner. 57 USSR 20ANUCHAROVA, Y.E., Nedelya, Russian, 14-20 Jan 74, pp 11~49 Rer goals were coming closer to the goals of her 41xandfather. How- ever, the technical means and methods at her disposal entirely different. Natal'ya Petrovna works vith deep, fine eleCtr='0* Whicli enable her to pinpoint regions related to a given dsease. Stimulating or Inhibiting these cells electrically she may eradica+.a the case of a disiase such as hyperkinesia. (involuntary tremores oP the extremitles), or epilepsy. ly recording biopotertials from a brain (inpuLse activity of neurons aW neuran assemblica) she car, deterNine which cells or relgions of the brain are responsible for a given function. That Is to say, she is involved in studytng brain structure at the fine and not the .-ross level. If all of her works were cited the list would lndveA be Impressive. Furthermore, It should be mentioned that In the majority of cast-s completely new results were obtainad, unorhodox methods and approachim.; wertBUilized, and new answers were obtained to old questions. (Had old Ivp-drotiches been relied on, extraordinary amount of onerey and time wou14 ha-,ve been required and the results would havo beeii equivocal). The physiology of brain has been enriched by sevexaJ, signal contributions of Bachtereva for which she ha3 received worldwide recognition. The best known authorities in brain rezearch (Delgado, Przibram, Walter) visit the 7/15 USSR WrUCHAROVA, Nedelya, RussiaiL, 14-20 Jan 74, pp 18-19 Institute to see for themaelves the resukt,_- which Topreo;ent the forefront in this branch of science. It is appropripte to mention sozae of her acconplIshmenti. Let -,is con.- sider her work on im,~nory. In her case it is a well- c antrollad study of the intracerrebral appaxatuz concerned vrith optirdzinE meaarjr. 3tudles Were; ;tlao conducted on izproving nemory and on for,ratfianesti. As has Leon demunstmted at this Institute of ExPerimental 411'edicine 'both are nedl!4,4;:~ari for a cuxe in a given situation. Wberi a person is uzable -to free hiias%M' or a cer-tain e'tperi- ence (forget it) he cannot a-Lools be cured. In tbat cWs,, the disease atate tecomes a constant pathologic state" -- a conception Introdw-etl b.7 Becht-areva. Having adapted to a diseased state, "renembering, it," tho ftinctions ot' the syntemn in the or8anlsiis are rectified with difficulty even when the wider- lying cause has been corrocted or 011minatod, Cella have been ideatifled In the cerobral atipialati.;:3 j.1oqo.,t:;1b1e for optimizzing memory which specialize in emitting d1atre-,im oiermlls when erroro occur in the brairi. Thw~ copiDare instantly our (ivory tmrtlon with the ideal behaviour stored in ze'~ory. If they detect djfferO11cO$ tetwoen actual acti~)n and what should occur Luidar ideal circumstances, they erfect intracerebral 8/15 58 USSR MANUCHAROVA, YE., Nedelya, Russian, 14-20 Jar- 74, pp 18-19 corrections by issuing orders for general cell mobilizilLtion. This appai-atu.$ has been termed "error-detecto,.r." This terminology ham entered the world scientific literature. The Americans have reported it in tUs fashion3 "Ext-reitely important data haVe come from the USSR, Doctor Natal'ya Bechterev (as the Academy of Sciences has reported) has detected by me"s of fine gold eloctrodeZ in the brain a detector which corrects errors and has localirea~ this niechanism. If a patient is requested to memorize a number of words and them to repeat. them and he errs, then a certain region evidence electrical a~.Itlvit~y -- the ragion. of the detector. This applies even to cases In which tho patient does rot possess an adequate comprehenzion of his error and cannot corvict it. Bachterava herself Is not certain as to how this reFion funationst but It appammitly nobilizes the brain to correct an erTor. This mechanism ts intimetely related to a feeling of orientation -xd is related to a sense of d1rection." In 1973 this communication was reported widely, in foreign nesispape-;.-s and magazine:S. At the last international symposium which I attenUft fore ixn guests frequently spoke of the advan!7erents made in the world of tici~erae followin,-, presentations by the staff of the Institute of Experimental Pedicine. When- ever you learn of a bold sciontific discovery you are always afraid that the 9/15 ,7-.7 USSR MANUCHAROVA, YE., Nedelya, Russian, 14-20 Jan 74, pp IB-19 priority of idear. may be forSotten and aost to our country. It is always a cause for happiness when the discoveries of our scientists are widely echoed. Discovery of the "detector" is of tremendous pmetical significance. Huaan activities do not always proceed under its controrl. Sonetimes r--gula- tion is not required when nev activities are based an compa-rioon. with Iapriated characteristics, However, crepantivity would be Impo5sible without correction of errors by the detector, at least partially. But thIs Is a rare case. Irequently thines turn out differently and with more profound consequences. Tranquilizers (calming tablets) inhibit the error detectors a-nd neziory L-i the brain. Disease may alter the error detectors in such a ranner that they have an opposite effect, i.e., serve as source of errors. Silu[UeS JLt the Institute of Experimental Nedicine indicate th"t it may be possible to direct memory. It seezs within the realm of possibility of ntimulating-the detectors directly and thereby affecting long term and short tern memory. It mrAy also be possible in this way to influence informatian transfer from immutlate memory to aistant memory. It is Qf interest to note how far the youne Bech-tereva, Ms advanced from her- great graandfatFer. It is no lear, Interr-astirig to roLa how close he was to moderii science. In reading his books one gets a. bettor understanding !0/ 59 USSR MiUCHAROVA, YE., Nedelya, Russian, 14-20 Jan 74, pp 18~49 of the exDression of Natal'ya Petrovna that we must look back to those Who led us forward. Vladimir Ukhaylovich Bechterev expressed ideas which in his century could not be understood. He stated that consciousness exists where memory is and that this forms the txisis for a personel.1ty. In this Pt~chterev sau first and basic eXDressions of consciousness, At that time this was merely the rumination of a 1!;enlus. Today we have accurate data on this ratter. The young Bechterev and her collaborators have demonstrated this and the nanner in which a personality its formted, arA in which collections of neuror-, memory necbanisms work. Her ,j~thods have nade It possible to determine which collections of cells are 1mrortant and electricall. more active when the bxain is involved In wbat we call menor y r the course of nev Information can be traced, enforced, ad a reslonse can te obtained which in Indicative of consciousness, Lat us quote Vladimir Mikhayloivch once nore, Th3s Is Tron his 1907- 1912 book Objective Perzonality Studies. "Verbal synbols give a aDecial alleviation of nervous and psychic activities, since they ;~ajze It p-casiblo for us to generalize oxtextal stlauli, which are accompanied by subjective nlEnao by a aimple 40.8-n -- the word. It 11A5 LISSR MANUCHAROVA, YEE., Nedelya, Russian, 14-20 Jan 74, pp 18-19 propeeLies and may bo roj~al%lva an an al-a- has both objective and subject, ~3 b--aic sign -which make3 it easier to maninu-1ate the Aradaiie.4i-lza a_-Ithzetical signs which represent perception and tneir corresponding refl-axes. Since we must alnit that the subjective Is Iiisepaxable 'fron the physio- chemical processes occurring in our brains, then we see that it represent8, so Va say, two sides of one and the same process. Conseque.,,itly, the relaticn- ships between the subjective symbols correspond to the n-lati un,~J hips of the physioochenical processes in the brain." Thus, Bechtereir concluded that In addition to the custoria-mr study of the patient's words, one aust consider the corresponding objective changea in -the ner,/ous system ami the underlying changes in reflexes. However, It is an axiom of oclence that to exproija an Idea a bit too -xpressing it a bit too late, Re wonle of oarly can 'be as dan-;oroiia as o, C, Biechterev appeared 'to hia coatuaporiLries Itot only to be:fientioless, but even damag S It appeared to thea that he iras Wdng aomethlnf, thn.t wan apiritual a d r n yc~ ic with fine ramification* and attempting to aj)nly 1grosa nechanlutle processes to It. This ingenous idea was ;fbrg;tten for 4-lorw time. 12/15 60 USSR 11M HAROV, YE., Nedelya, Russian, 14-20 Jan 74, pp IP,19 In the ear of the scientific ard technical revolution every-Ithing began to change. Electrodes -- which are a product of the scientific -revolution -- have brought for Natal'ta Petrovna a Oenuime materialistic victory and, -~ikhay simulta:neously# this was a victory for the predictions of Vladimir 11 - lovich.- He was not a mere mechanistically orionted person. Science at that time simply did not have at its d1sposal these fine and powerful 1.istiuments. The name of the young Bechtereva is recognized the worla over in con:leation with the solution of the "psychic code." This Is what it is. Each word has its pecific eloctrIcia activity in the brain. This activity is hiGhly specific, Whenevqj-- a person pronounces a word (or thinks it), waves appear which are charitcteril-itic of this word. Another word or thought elicits a different wave recording. 'Ph-e latter ia also specific. Furthermora, fine analysis of the electrical Ifaves, by neaivi of electrical leads from the brain yields. definite for.13 of activities for various sounds (phoonemes -- portiona of wcxds). Biocurrents have shown how and where this acoustlc cc&e in the brain is transformed into a different secondary codel a dire,6ting code which aissures a proper verbal response. This means that Bachtexeva was correct in his essential assunptions that in.,3tead of words no irAy -study "chanps in the nervous substance," 13/13 USSR XMIUCHAROVA, YE., Nedelya, Russian, 14-20 Jan 74, pp 18-19 I asked Natal'ya Petroviia if a miracle happened aj-A as an adult and an acknowledged scientist she saw her grandfather, what kird of question-$ she would put to him. Her response was that zhe would ask hin about isomething that minot be found in any book. Includin.-I his books. The question would Pertain to the nature of diagnosis. About, his extraordinary aoniis about the bra-in and about adisease. A physician either possessor. this qv.Uity or he aces not (as. for instance an engineer either has a feeling for his work or he does not). Diagnosis is a talent enhanced by exporience. But a -talent Is always 4ore wide-rangine than the woek In any one profession. Bei.~~hterev had written that logeneralization does not take placo until enough prac-14cal typerience has been accumulated." At the different staiFes of a pbysiclazOu life such correlations demand different anounts of experimental data. When he begins his prnctice generalizations are barbed on the maximun of proven data tha:t he has available, and this is as it should 'rxg, Later he may base his Oa~,noBls on the basis of a minimum of information but this In Nasible only for the talented indiv.1duals. 1hose were tho types of hagnosis that $achterev mLda.iLnd RhIch looked like miracles. 14/15 - 61 USSR VANUCFAROVA, YE., Nedelya, Russian, 14-20 Jan 74, pp le-19 And what do you think he t4ould ask you? He might ask what "wo3:ds in the brain" means, This would 1,ave interested him more than anything else. We succeeded in bringini-!, togf.1ther the subjective and the objective. Now one can clearly ece how Inconvact were the Dositions of s=6 scientists even Telatively recently. We had Wen warned that even should we find only one bioelectric and i1hysicochemicil.1 praci~ss in different heads, then various psychic processes would corTesnoncL to this cne material process. However, such was not the case. lie can expOct thAt in the near future we will be able to see ( in the material proceases a the brain, in the electrical code) how phrases look, We can- alroady appre-clate how the brain correlates various concepts. There Is no end to research. Follouing the diocovez-f of the vord code, research Is now being conducted to uncover generalize4 thoul.-ht code. ThIs, naturally, will lead to the fact that an answer to this auelition will Itself become a question later on, Hoscow, Nedelya, No 12, 11-10 ~hr 72, pp 6-7 ..' .1 Abstracti A populax account Is presented of some az-.T~ects of ne urophysiole A Cal research in the Soviet Union and Its p-ractical applications In uzriderstandin,~ and treating the mntally ill. The min tool is the eal:wpha.1oirra-ph which recoxds the electrical activity of the brain through imp],~.nted electrodes. Electrodes are also used to stimtaate certain calls avd, thus aid in the recovery from such moz~t)id conditions as phantom pain in the ex-ti-valties. It is evident from the brief roview of soze.of tho reseaxch undor way at the Institute of aperizental Medicine, Institute of llsyc."atry,, and other centers, that the first major steps In deciphering t1w psyehic oode huve laready been taken. Coatinued computer-assisted study of the braiw.~th3,thms, will eventualzy meveal how mwn thinks. USSR un c 621.3T5.82 KAZARY0, R. A., MANUCHARYAN, R. G., GASPARYAlt, S. S. "Calculating and Measuring the P~,obability of Frrors In a Bintry Optical Communications Channel W4th Polarization Modulation of Laser Emission" Moscow, Kvant. elektronika--sbornik (Quantum Electronics--col:Lertion of works), jZ '7 a Eo 1(13), "Sov. radio", 1973, pp 90-95 (from RZh-Fizika, No 8, A, 13, t- stract No BD1170 by the authors) Translation: The total error probability Per is calculated for an optica.1 communications channel in the case of light polarization modlLilation. A general expression is found for Per from which an expret.,,Uion for Per with nodulation of light intensity is derived an a special case. Veasur~--nients are made Of Per in cases of mdulation of, polarization or Intensity. It is shown that the threshold value whieb ensures a minir-ur- error III polaxization modulation is constant and equal to --rero rogrardless- of the inte,asity of the laser and backgroUnd radiati~)n, wheilft1l.11 vit'lli intensity modulation the taresl:cld is tracking (sic) in tj-;j! cjj!;v 1-t ~[,s also shown that the laser emission intensity whic*- bility of the overall error in the case of polaritation, moOulqtdon I s "T times less than for intensity modulation. Bibliograpb), of B titli:~,. 20 -USSR UDC 53 5 X, v~ I., G VARTANYAN, E. G., VARTIA14YAIT, E. S., KAZARYAN, R. A., Mill, 2--r-1. YA R "Amplitude Distributions of Lasear Radiation Pass!Dg Through a Turbulent Arino-rchere" Uch. zap. Yerevan. un-t. Yestestv. n. (Scientific Note,5 of Yerevan Universi~-Y. Natural Sciences), 1970, No 3(115), pp 140-142 (from R4ih-Fi-_Uca, No 7, jul 71, Abstract No 7D884) Translation: Measurements of the energy fluctuations aC laser radli-.tion prcpa7~-r- ing through a turbulent atmosphere were miasured on a U,ack of lengzh 25 ~m for diameters of the recei,,ing objective from 30 to 50 cm, aild avevag,;ng 2, 10, 30, 60, and 120 sec. The m.-~asuromentT, were couductqiJ in the t.;p-ring fro:2 2C-~CC 2400 hrs. On -he. bas;.-z of the \2 criLerion for five degrees of freedcm, in L the opJiiion of ~ho authors~, Lhe distribution of fInctuaW.Lons in tho t Onargy received agreed with a norilial and norm-il law. - w7s found that,independent: of averaging time for dijulieters of the recaivir._g obj~_Cti-ee up to 15 Cza, the val.,:es of the -< were les's foi~i the ~ogarithndcally normal distributlon law than for the normal distribution Uu,aad for averaging e was less, for a ever an area of the objective of the diameter above 15 cn th 2 normal 1aw. A. A. YaPov1,`ev. 62 YE! pe tr 41 . l u I i t a -41 7.1 USSR PANUCPAROVA, Y.E., Nedelya, Russian, 14-20 Jimi 74., pp 18-19 "All of our higher schools follow to a large extent utUltarian or prciessional objectives. They train jurists, mathematicLuna, tiaturalists, physicians, architectm, railroad engrineers, and no on. Hitt n.11. of this over- looks the fact that the fir31; object, that must be considilired liss the human being and that in addition to professionals the state and SOCII~V need individuals who Lundezztand the nature of nan, what are Via lawn that -O'VerM his psychic development and how the latter Pay be bost probo(~ted fvon abnoinal development; one must be concerned with the optimum utlll~,atlor. of human athool age for educational purposeal J"w to protec We ewoplax jwzsorallty of an,.Indlvidual from intellectural stagnation aM adverse a4titaitts, prevention of degeneration of the population, and the Peans whiah should to employed to assure the self-reliance of people and provent tho deyolornmit of passirity wbich can be so dazaging to the community." Bechterev's texts Dresent a danger to Che Journallot si=e they are so Rell written that there is a tendency not to Interzupt then with -,,re'B own ara,~ysis and merely to turn page after pafa. "it need hardly te pointed out that the motion of Tear lis extremely daraging to an infant'a health, The helplesa child Is by him very nafta* feeaTul and constrained. It is neceasary to unit all availAble means to Inpart to him a sense of courage and even tolft?ss, wuL to itdiciite on' in case of USSR MUCHAROVA, YE., Nedelya, Russian, 14-20 Jan 74, pp 18-19 need that care should be exercised. It in also imperative that self-reliance in the child be encouraged... to oreanize those activiti-es in Which the child has sorae independence and In which he can o press his lrrLpwled~;e and creativity." Historians have little knovledge on his back6round-, Ifow-aver, one fact stands outt his mother was not an oi.~Jinary mrson. Firding hvrself alone without a husband In a provincial town (Which yyutka waze at that tire) with three children on her hands, she saw to it that the most promising one received an education. He learned to read f rom a politically exiled. Pole who was staying in their home. At the ape of sixteen Viaaiair alone jiaae his way to Petersburg ancl, as was his great ambItioni entered the 1,1111tAw-f Surgio4l Academy. It seem2 that his childhoocL left a algalfie=t in~pxlnt on him. Once he entered the field of acience he began 4 detailed stvdiy of thoo development of man from his earliest age, and wrote much on the facton i(hich cLevelop and affect a child's personality and will, Ile apliLied'h1a convictions to hie chl..Laren. And the results were excellent. Fyotr Vlaalm-trovich elected nis own 111'e's work. he did not become a physician or a biolo$lmt. jLe jias an expert on the internal combustion engine. He wau interested in -pplyiag new ta~rjyjlijuei V 15 --5 X&NUMUMIA, YE., Nedelyal Russianp 14-20 jan -,e4o t~"~19 n to the national eocnomy. To that end lie wrote hin botAs, On the Construction of a Diesel 13tigine aad Genoral Application Of Traeton34 He ml-so publitshed specialized studies on theoxetical mechanics. His englineering technology JA genexal. National defense was his chosen filed of worh' -- om both offotsivot and defensive -asks. As in the case of his father, Pyotr Vl&diiPirov-1i*,h alGo evidenced the unique combination of practical talents and theox,3tlml thoughts, and junt -~s acutely was alert to what is new. He was az Invitntor --- in the classical Russian underttanding of this word. He did not reser6b;Lu his fathre clrAely and exceeded him in height. But there wa.'s the same powetful head of hAr. The same d;ark eyes (now gray,, nov blue):, Tho hands wl~lch could do anything. Love of York for the uake of work, No fea.- of !ISO ox the r~vorets of nituro. The bachtcrev genROg It OpilearOf MOre domInant. The g-Vandchildro)n fol2awgd In grundfather's foo-tatepa, particularly a E11,11 0on, Pyotr Vladi,41- rovich loved more thim the othora. Ho sras pleased by kier roijetublance to himself and her grandfatheri the uaxe eyes, hair, cu:Ll4wity, and vitallty. He was not disappointed that technology did not intereut tier. There waa fatherly talk, music (Natasha nang beautifully, just like hsr father did), books, and self study ~mathematics and chemistry). Sipes her early child- hood she never lacked time for dolls, other activiticat and uchool. -5/15 Her father recognized that she had a clear cut view of hsr goala and that she was not afraid of manval work or poverty. She hersalf regarded herself as a kitten; should she fall she'll rise againp noftlyp on all foura. The true strmngth of her character bocame appirent whea -true misfartuns lAfell her. They lost their father and Vatasha with her txrothar and &later found themselves In an orphanage, At that time she was sittending the sixth clans. n-om the first months of World War 11 she woxked In a hospital. NrlnZ the time of the blockade, when the bombax-dement was its varst, she studied nursing courses and the first course at the Pedics.1 Inathitute. Dine did not become a mathematician or a choialat 9A ishe Intorided in hor childhood. Tha war turnea her life arouna ana made hor a physician, inAtially she felt that this was just temporary. She vent throuC-.h her Internship at an accelerated pace but was not attracted to this type of work; what gained her interest were oxperimenta with animals. She was attracted to a study of the brainp the,aentzal nervous system, and-to help man in this manner. 57 Her goals were coming closer to the goala of her ,!!rind-fv-ther- How- ever, the technical means and met-hods at tier disposUl wel!e ent1rely different. Natal'ya Petrovna works with deep, fine electrodes which enable hur to pinpoint regions related to a Biven dsease. Stinulating or inhibiting these cells electrically she may eradicate the case of a disea.,:ie such as hyperk-Inesia (involuntary tremores of the extremities), or epilepsy. ly recording biopotentials from a brain (impulse activity of neurons and neuron assemblies) she can determine which cells or regions of tho brain are responsible for a given function. That is to say, she is involved in studying brain structure at the fine and not the gross level. If all of her works were cited the list would indoed be impressive. Furthermore, It should be mentioned that in the majority of caaeB completely new results were obtained, unorthodox methods and a1,,prDa6,.e!i woreutilizid, and nev, anewors wero obtained to old questions. (Had DIA appro"CIIU3 lyeer' relied on, extraordinay-I amount of ener&Y and time iroald have been requi:r-ed and the results would havo been equivocal), The physiology of brain haM tDen enriched by sovexial silinal contrIbutions of Dochterova for which che has received worlditide xeco,1;nAtion Tho bast known authorities in bra-in research (Delgado, VrzIbxwi,1141teZ -visit the 7115 USSR MUCHAPOVA, Nedelyat Russian, 14-20 Jan 74, pp 16-19 Institute to see for thenselves the results which ropresent ths -forefront In this branch of 6ciance. It is appropriate to mention some of her accompliab1iianto. Let us con- elder her work on memory* in her case it is a well-cantzbllad,study of th3 intracerebral apparatus concerned with optimizing menoi7. Stwiles were alzu conducted on izproving. nei-wi7f mid oa forZetfulness. Az hms boe,,n demonstrated at this Institute of Experimental lNedicine both are neaeai5ary for a cure in a given zituation, When a paraon is wiable to free himself or a certain experi- ence (forget it) he cannot always be cured. In that case the disease state becomes a constant patholo-ic atate" -- a conception intr,.>-.1uco(1 by 1315chtereva. Having adapted to a diseast;d state, "remebibering It," the furictions of the zystems in the organisiis are rectified with difficulty evini whan the wider- lying cause has been corrected or eliminated. Cells have been Identified !it the cerebral appa_Tatus restponsible for optimizing memory which specialize In eiatting diatierso s~jijialj when Orreirp occur in the brain. The,t comDare iiwtantly our every actfton w1th the ideal behaviour stored in memoiy. If they aetect differences bAween actual action a2l what should occur tinder Ideal circumstances, they of ' 8 5 AIct int),acerebral ,8 USSR 11-UNLICHARVIA, rE., Nedelyaj Russian, 14-20 Jan 74f pp 18-i~ corx)ections by Issuing orders for Ceneral cell mobilizatli>n. This apparatus has beer. termed "error detector," This terminology ban entered the 4orle- scientific literature. The Americans have reported it in this fashionj "INtremely Important data haVe come f rom the USSR. Doctor Vatal'ya, Bechterev (as the Academy of Sciences has reported) has detected Ly means olf firo gold eleatrodes in the brain a detector whi~:h corrects errors and has looalized this neahanisa. If a,patient is reaurritod to memorize a number,of words and tien, to repeat theit and he errs, then a certain region evidence electrical a&.1vity --- the reglon of the detector. This applies even to cases in whioh -the yationt does nat possess an adequate comprehension of his error and oannot, vox7_,(jct It, Bachtenva hersehl is not certain as -to hoi4 this reglon functions, but it apparently Mobilizes the brain to correct an error, This nechaalsa 1,s intimately ralated to a feeliag of orientation and is related to a sense of -nyectton." In 19"13 th15 cowunlication vas reported widely in forelen neii*7papax-a and aigaLines. At the last inteimational symposium which I atteadMforall-,n, guests frequently spoke of the advancements mado in the world of~iscletica following presentations by the staff of the Institute of Experimpiltid !~ediaine. 4han- ever you learn of a bold scientific discove.-y you am- alwfLys afraid that the 9/15 USSR MANUCHAROVA, YE., Nedelya, Russian, 14-20 J-1n 74, PP 18-19 priority of ideas may be fo-1-otten and most to our country. V; Is always a cause for happiness ,.hen the discoveries of our scientist;s are widely echood. Discovery of the "detector" is of tremendous practical z4rnificance. Human activities do not always proceed under its co-ntrol. Sonetimes regula- tion is not required when neir activities are based on coa,plarison with imprinted chamcteristics. However, c,,xiatiir'j'.ty would be impossible t,ithout correction of errors by the detector, at least partially. But this Is a rare case. Frequently things turn out differently and with more profound consequences. Tranquilizers (calming tablets) inhibit the e--ror detectaxs and memory In the brain. Disease may alter the ea-ror detectors in such a ritumer that -they have an opposita affect# Le.v serve as source of errors,, StutLies at the Institute of Experimental Medicine Indicate that it may be possiblo Ila dArect memory. It seems within the realm of poaaibillty of etimulating tlx-! detectors dirertly and theraby affecting long torm alid short texr. memory. IL may also be possible in this way to influance information ~transfer from immediate mamorl to distant Memory It is of interest to note how far the young Bechteneva lima advanced from her great g=idfather. It Is no less interesting ta, note how close he was to modern science, In readAng his bookis: one Gots a I)ett-ex undetstandjjIg 10115 59 USSR V WMCFAROVA, YE., Nedelya, Russian, 14-20 Jan 74, pp, 1849 of the expression of Natal'ya Petrovna that we must look tack to those who led us forward. Vladimir 11likhaylovich Bechterev expressed ideas which In his century could not be understood. lie stated that consciousness exists where memory this Bechterev saii is and that this forms the basis for a personelity. In first and basic expressions of consciousness. At that time this was merely the rumination of a genltm. Today we havG accurate data on this matter. The young Bechterey mr-d her collaborators have demonstrated this and the manner in which a personality 113 formed, arA in which collections of neurons mezary work. her nothods haye made it possible to detornino which collectionu of cells are liiportant anti electrically mor~i active when the braia is involved in what -in call memorfl the course of new Information can be traced, enforced, wul a zenponse ran be obtained which Is Indicative of consciousness. -n h 7- Lot us quote VlarlImir Mikhaylolvah once mont. Th1v Is :f:rt 4 in 150 1912 book Objective Persorality Studies. "Verbal syrabols give a special alleviation of rzar,ious and rAychic activities, since they make It possible for us to 6eneralize oxternal stimuli, which are accompanied, by nubjective signs, by a simple sign - the word. It 11A5 USSR MMUCHAROVA, YE., Vedelya, Russian, 14-20 Jan 74, pp 18-10, has both objective and subjective propqrties and may b-3 xlqCan-led an an alLze- braic sign which nzt!ce3 it easier to manipulate the funda:iiontal axlthr:etical signs which represent perception and their carxesponding reflexes. Since we must adrait that the subjective is insepax-able from the physio- chemical Drocesses occurring In our brains, then we see -that it representu, so to say, two sides of one and the same process. Contsequehtly, the relation- ships between the subjective symbols correspond to the rt~latian*hips of the physioochenical processes In the brain." Thus, Bechteravr conclLAed that In addition to the customary study of the patient's words, one must consider the corresponding objective changes in the nervous system and the un;derlying changes in reflexes. Hoiiever, it is an axiom of science that to exprezi~ ar Idea a bit too early can be as danqeroU3 as expressing it a bit too latij, Thit words of bechteray appeared to his contlempQ= I u O'lfn Ica not only to be liensolaso b t damaging. It appeared to them that he was takLng aoutiathtnig, Oat wa.9 spiritual wu psychic with fina ramificationti ouid attempting to apply &ross mecbani:stic proc~ssea to it, This Ingenous Idea was forgotten for ailong time. 12/15 60 USSR HAROV, YE. , Nedelya, Russian, 14-20 Jan ?4, p.P 18-19 In the ear of the scientific anti technical revoliation PvDrything beg,". to chanCe. Electrodes -- which axe a product of the sr~ltantiflc revolution -- have brou-qht for Natal'ta Fetroviia a genuine materialistic vit.-tory -and, -ginultaneouslyt this was a victoiy for the prelictions wF VladAmir iiikhaY6- lovich. - He was not a mere nechani-!:tically oriented person. 2 -:Lence at that time simply did not have at its disposal these fine and powerful instruments. The name of the younS Bechtexeva is recognized the worLI over in connection with the solution of the "psychic code." This Is what it is, Each word hau its neciftc eloctxl~~l activity in the brain. This activity is hi-hly apecifi;. 11henevi,-r a parson pronotuices a word (or thinks it), waves appeax which are characterJ,t;tic of thio word. Another word or thotiElit elicits a different wave racordij%&. 1he latter ia also specific. Furthermor3, fine analysia of the electrical itaves by zeans of electrical leada fron the brain yielda definite fonwof axtivities for various sounds (phoonenes -- portions of words). Biocurrents have shown how and where this acou.,st1(: codE] In the brain Is transferred into a different accondazy codel a code which azsureB a proper vertal resporse. This rwans that., Bechtereva uaili correct in his essential assunptions that instead of words we wvy study,"changes in the riervous substance." 13/15 I asked Natal'ya Petrovna if a miracle happened ..qrd as an adult and an acknowled-ged scientist she saw her grandfath9r, what Und of questions she would plit to him. Her response was that she would ask him about oomi.-thin!j that cannot be found in any book. Including his books. The questiom would perta-In t* the nature of diagnosis. About his extraordinDxy sense ibbout the brain atid about adisease. A physician either possesses this oqtmlity or ho does not. (as for instance an engineer either has a feeling for hits wou.-k or he doets not). Diagnosis is a talent enhanced by experiince. But a talont irs always more wide-ranging, than the work In any orle profession. Beclit(I-rev hiA written that to generalization does not take place until enotWh practir-vi.1 expsrience has been accumulated." At the different etages of a pb~yslcian's I.Ife smch correlations j. ou., Ais practice demand different e=unta of experlmental Uta, Whi-n tm 1; F-ins ~ generalizations are baved on the may1mum of proven data ~.hat ho has available, and this is as it should be. Later he may base hift dlaEiiosts on the basia of a minimum of information but this Is posSlble only for 4;be tattent-ed ind4viduale, Those were the types of hagnosis that bechtexev made and whicl-i looked like miracles. 14/15 USSR IMTCHAROVA, YE., Nedelya, Russian, 14-20~,Tan 74, pp 18-19 And what do you think he would ask you? He might ask what "words in the brbin" means, This would have Interested him more than anything else. We succeeded in bringing together the subjective and the objective. Now one can clearly see how incorreot were the positions of some scientists even relatively recently. We had betin warned that even should we find only one bloelectric and pki,vsii.~ocheipicall~w~oc..-ils in different heads, then various psychic processos would correspond to thin one material process. However, such was not the cate. We can expect that~in the near future we will be able to see ( in -the material processos of the brain, In the electrical code how rhrases look.. We can already appreciate how the brain corr6lates various concepts, There is no end to research. Following the discovery of the word code, research Is now being conducted to uncover generalized thoughb code. This, naturally, will lead to the fact that an answer to this question will itself become a question later on. 15115 US3R "How the Drain ThinW' Moscow, Nedelya, No 12, 13-19 Phr 72, pp 6-? Abstracti A popular account is presented of some aspectiB of nevrophysiolo-ical research Jii the Soviet Union and 1+-,3 practical applicallions In understanding and treatinp, the- mentally 1'-' 1. The main tool is the enpaphalogLaph which records the electrical activity of the brain through im;aanted 'alectrode'g. Electrodes are also used to stimulate certain'cells and thus aid In the recovery from such morbid conditions as phantom pain in the e):tYvmities, It is evident from the brief review of sorg 6f the --e:3eavh under i;ay at the Institute of Experimental Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, and. other cantexs, that the first major steps in deciphering,the,yoychic ccde have lazeady been taken. Continued computer-assisted. study of the bwain 3~,hythmn wil]. eventually reveal how maa thinks. USSR uD,.,: 621.375.82 KAZARYAN, R. A., 1VMCHARYAN, R., G., GASPMYfJl, S. S. "Calculating and Measuring the Probability of Errors in a, Binary Optical Communications Channel With Polarization Modulation of L"er Emission" Moscow, Kvant. elektronika--sbornik (k%,antum Electronics-,,ollection of works), No 1(13), "Sov. radio", 1973, pp 90-95 (from M-Fizika, No 8, Aug 73, ab- stract No 8D1170 by the authors) Translation., The total er-or probability Per is calculated far an optical communications channel. in the case of light polarizatiori~morlulation. A general expression is found for Per from which an expresnion for Per with modulation of light intersity is derived an a special cafic. Measurements are made of Per in cases of modulation of polarization or, Intensity. It is show-n-that the threshold value which ensurime aTSiniltUM overall error in polarization modulation is consta:nt ana equul to zero re4;ardless of the intensity of the laser and background radiation, whereas vith intensity .r,e.T+ is modulation the optimum threshold is trackir% (sic) in thil genrrxr-l Cp also shown that the laser emission intensity which ensunts idunticall pr-ribri- bility of the overall error in the case of polarizatioA modulation is F2 times less than for intensity modulation. Bibliography 6.1 8 titles. V1 MMW --d INN -don 00 USSR UDC 535 VARTANYAH, E. G., VPYTANYAN, E". S., KAZARTAN, R. A., IQ%W~'JCHARVAU, R. G. "Amplitude Distributions of Laser Padiation Passing Through a Turbulent Atmasph-~re" Uch. za2. Yerevan. un-t. Yestestv. n. (ScleotiEc Motes of Yevevan Universitv. Natural Sciences), 1970, ' 1~ No 3(115), pp 1k0-142 (from RZh-Fizila, No 7, -541 71, Abstract No 7D884) Translation: Measurements of the energy fluctuatioiis of las,~i, L-adiation pro~-a--.- ing through a turbulent atmosphere were mezsured on a ft%-ick of len,-,th 25 kir,i,:or diameters of the receiving objective from 30 to 50 cm anl avil,aging tirnwzj oi- 2, 10, 30, 60, and 120 sec. rhe mr-asnreients were coaducteid in the slar-ing from 2001C ~.a 2400 hrs. On the basis of the X criterion for five 41eigree's of fveedcill, in thS. opinion of -Lhe authors, the distribution. of fluctuutions ~n the enezZ7 -received agreed with ji i0gar-ithmically not6l atid. normal law. It tLn -f,,,r dLurp. teri, of the rec was found that, independent of the avfaagifiv t- e eiving objective up to 15 cm, the values of the x1- IiWe I f,%S.3 fc ir the It:)garlithmkCally nor%ial distribution law -than for the norml distribution law,and for averaging over an area of the objective of the diameter above 15'cm the X1 Dias less for a Tx)rmal law. A. A. Yakovl*ev. 1/1 62 oil IN _014,70 2: of~ UNCL A~ Pktl~FSSIAG DATE--ilSER70 TTLE~--'~_HANGES IN THE PHOTOCHEMICALACTIVITY OF CHLORQPLAST$ AND THEIR ,~,-_,-FRAGMENTS PROnUCED BY ENZYMIC HYDROLYSIS -U- :,-AUTHOR-OSTROVSKAYAP L.v MANUILSKAYA YAKOVENKO.? G.' t 'INFO WINTRY OF --USSR AKAO. NAUK SSSR 19701 468-71 _SOOCE 190(21f ,,DATE.PUBLISHED ------- 70 AREAS--BIOLOGICAL AND MEDICAL SCIENCES OPI't TAGSL--PLAN'T PHYSIOLOGYt ENZYMEY PHOTUCHEMISTRYi,t CHLCJRQPLAST C 0,4 T WO LMARKIPIG--Nt) RESTPICTIONS DOCUMENT CLASS--UNCLASSIFIED PROXY REEL/FRAME--19,'315/1799 STEP 3'4f)--Uq/0020/701190~002/0469/0471 _'CIRC -ACCESSION-NO--AT0101846 2/2 01.5 UNCLASSLI FIEG'~ PR0,CESSrNG DATE--11SED?O I;IRC A-~CE~`SION NO-AT0101846 ARSTRACT/EXTRACT-(U) GP-0- ABSTRACT. ISOLATED CHLOROPLASTS AND DIGITONIN FRAGMENTS OF 12-14 DAY SEEDLINGS OF PlEAS:WERE EXAMO. FOR -.PHnTOCHEM. ACTIVITY IN REDN,.OF NADP IN: THE PRES,,:NC!E Or- FLECTWIN DONORS AND FERRICYANIDE. RESULTS OF TREATMENT WITH PAPAIN, T.;lYPSIN', AND GALACTGLIPASE WERE ALSO EXAMD. THE REON,. OF NADP.VIAS MOST SENSITIVE TD THE ACTION.GF GALACTOLIPASE; TRYPSIN AFFECTED IT MUCH LESS, AND P~PAIN INSIGNIFICANTLY. AS TO FERRICYANIDE REDNer GALACTn0P4$E TREATMENT HAD ALMOST NO EFFECT# PAPAIN AND ESP* TRYP.SIN REDUCED T"IS ACTIVITY CONSIDERABLY. - THE--F-XPOSURE- OF THE ACfIVE.CENTFRS IN THE 2 PARTS OF THE PHOTOSYSTEM IS VERV DIFFERFNT FOR THE 2. KI.NDS -SF 4C*rlVI-TY CITE(J. EVI DENTLY THE t3ONDING OF LEUCINCI AND GLYCft4E 15 UNlitIODRYANT FOR TliE tjAD ACTIVE SYSTEM AND RELATIVELY MORE IMPOkTANT FOR THE FERRICYANIDE ACTIVE -:SYSTEM. E OF-- ...........I -mu oxacmin in 4 and 8 per.ceat soluflotisAJ,hurrian and boyino-i blood serum albumin were higher Dian thase- in: riative wurn, This all"Aits to state; that serum (unlike alburnin) possesses addlUonall factctnj ~OV-h incMuse.,antibi.olics fixaticn by serum albumin. REEL/FRAME 7' Acc. X Mf CoEle: UR 020 #0634411- PRIMARY SOURCE: Antibiotiki, 1970, Yal 15, Nr .2, ppj.Q4? -1,(31*1 TV RESIDUAL ACTL ITY OF PENICILLINS'llN NATWESERWICMD AL;BUMIN Grigortyeva, V. m.,* Man~ :~ ..4Al..1- ~, tL lil; Antibiotic Depa rtment of L. A. Ta-ra sev, C M, la.r I 6pt Ci 11stifille for Medical Bi luill Frepara Ron.% jL16.9,gLiv It was found that activity levels of pen"CiPins, such as benzy1pl:W611W, phenoqme-; thylpenmillin,ampicillin and oxacillin Irl 4 Ind a pler USSR UDC: 621.31'3:530.145.6 MANUILISKIY, A. D., ODULOV, S. G., SOSKIN, M. S. "A Nev Method of Studying Nonimiformly Broade--ed Spectra of Active Laser Media" V sb. Peredacha energii v kori dens i rovan. sredakh (Energy Transudssion in Co.ndensed Media--collection of works), Yerevan, 1970, pp 116-101 (from RZh- -Radiotekhn:ika, No 5, May 71, Abstract N,) 5D212) Translation: The authors studied emission of silicate and. phosphate gla-9seE! activated by trivalent neodymiu!n cat-ion in the 1.00' p rei.~ion. T'ile emission spectrum produced by these specinens over a wide temperatuxe ronre is typical of spectrally nonhomogeneous nedia. The teriperature depe-ridence of homogemeoul broadening of the spectrum of an individual ion is determined. It is shown that when the temerature falls, the uniform width of trar.1sitions of triyalent neodymium cations on the investigated segunnt of the freq3iency band of lumi- nescence does -not tend to zero. In the high-temperatUre regiC:1, the increase in. uniform broadening is accelerated. It was fouxrid that the Wiiform width of the spectrum in theue glasses is determined chiefly by interactions vith lattice vibrations. A. K. UDC 621.375.82 USSR MANUIL'SKIY, A. D., ODULOV, S. G., SOSKIN, M. S. "A New Method for Studying Heterogeneously Broadened Spectra of the Active Media of Lasers" V sb. Peredacha energii v kondensirovan. sredakh (Energy -Prani3fer in Condensed Media -- C-"I.ection of Works), Yerevan, 1970, pp 116-124 (frain RZ-h-Fizika, No 7, Jul 71, Al ract No 7DIO59) 7~ranslation: The generation of s1licate (LGS-24/2) and Dhasp'~~-Ote (KGZS-56) ~,lasse-z in a cavity resonator in which many excited internal irvooms aro clo.,,red to internal reflection from the: polished surfaces ot the s~imple ~is invest'gatc-d. Tt was observed that with a lowering of temperatia,e the total wj)"th of the spectra increases greatly. The dependence of the:magnitude of homogeneous broadening of litminescence in 'Che 1.06 p band on temperature in both ji;lasses was derived on the basis of temperature measurements of the width of the go-aeration spectrum. 7t was observed that with a lowering of temperature the homogeneous width does not tend to zero,but in the high-temperature region the homogeneawi expansion -;5 accelerated. In Dhosphate glass th--- dependence of the bomogdnaous broadening on temperature is considerably weaker than in silicate glaos. it is concluded that homogeneous broadening in glasses is determined bas:cally by direct interaction with fluctuations in the matrix,and the width observed Is related to broaden- ing of the final level of the transition. The change in tho ratQ of energy t--ar-.,sfer betueen Nd3+ at various temperatures is discussed. V. D1. '7h. USSR Editor Poroshkovaya metallurgiya (Powder Ifetallurgy) Yerevan, Trudy Yerevans kago Politekhnicheskogo Instituta, Vol 55, No;l, 1971, 214 pp Translation of Table of Contents., Page ARESHYAN, G. L., and TER-NIKRTCHYAN, K. A., "P,ref ace" 3 Chapter I. Production of Powders of Metals and Alloys~ 3, L. Ye:. KUUKYAN, N. V., and SARKISYL 'Investigatii .on of Processes of Ferritization and Kinetics. of the Rer,' luction of Complex Nickel-Iron Oxidasl 9 MANUKYAN, N. V., U11alEYEVA, 1. V. , and, MA TSAFANYAN: S. A., . "Roentgenometric Investigations Into th6 Producti6a of the Complex Oxide F004-Cr203" 19 ZURNLACIIYAN, M. K., and Sl%'LKANYAN, M.. 0., "Investigation of Heans of Production of Single Crystals. of Iron aad Composite Powder Alloys" 28 MANUKYAN, N. V., ZURNACHYAN, M. K., AYVA2YAN, V. T.P: VARTEVAINYAN, L, Ts., OSIPOVA, T. K., and HINATSAKAITYAN, S. A. ,"Txperimiental Tnvestigations Into the Prcduction'of Copper Powder From the ducts ofchlorf;prene Production" 41 USSR NUKYAN N. V., Editor, Poroslikovaya jretalturgiya, Yerevan, Trudy Yere- M vanskogo Politekhnicheskogo Instituta,, Vol 55, No 1P 1971, 214 pp KIPARISOV, S. S., LIBEUS~)N, G. A., TASRT.YYOV, A. M. AIDREASYADT, A. A., and BOTOV, V. M., "The Gaseous Atmosphere the Ln Supplementary Reduction of Iron Powder Usinj; Endoialls SAMSONOV, G. V. , DOROKHOVICH, V. P., and. ANDWwkSYAN~, R. G. "Investigation of the Kinetics of the Reduction of Solid Solutions Fe3o4fO03 Using Hydragen". MANUKYAN, N. V., GEDAKYAN, D. A., and MALKHASYAN, S. A.,,"The Mechanism of Reduction of Iron Oxideq Elsing CarLan in the Presence of Catalytic A4ditivns" KLUSHIN., D. N., ATABASIVYIL111, Ye. M., and LALAYEVA, B., "Sulfating Roasting of Copper Sulfide Concentrat0i in it Fluidized Bed" Chapter II: The Formatioa of Metallic Powders BAL'SHIN, M. Yu., and ZARKHARYAN, N. V., "The Cross-Extrusion of Powdered and Fibrous Materials" 2/5 Page 56 59 64 81 89 USSR MANITKYAN, N. V., Editor, Poroshkovaya metallurgiya, 7erevan, r-rudy Yere- vanskogo PolitekhnicheskogP Institkita, Vol 55, No 1, 1911., 21-4 pp ROMAN, 0. V., BAWAYAN, D. 0., WROSIMEVIC11, Ye. A., PILIPOSTAN, "Inves,tigation of tM Influence B. N., and ZHDAINOVICH, G. M.$: of High Velocities of Load Applications on Deformal)ility of Porous Bodies in the Cohditloqs- of Plo.~ed DIa HANUKYAN, N. V., -and SARKISYAN,:'Sh.; n of M.! F17 Distribution of Defformations During ~the Extrusion 1)f Porous Metallic 'Materials" 'TSEV, A. A., and ACADMAINOV, A. 14, `Mea- BABAYAN, D. 0., MAL surement of Stress During High-Spee-3 Deformation of Por6us Fodies BAWSHIN, M. Yu., and ZAKHARYM, N. V.:$ "tjaw Informatfon (ja Excess Pressure" BABAWN, D. 0., IX)ROSHKE'VIC11, Ye. A., ZF[DANOVIM, G. H., WMYAN, N. V., and ROMN, 0. V., "On the Question of Hie Dynamic Compression of Porous Bodies" Page 96 102 109 .114 119 Chapter III: Agglomeration and the Properties of Powdel-ed Materials and Articles IMNUKYAN, N. V., Editor, Poroshkovaya metal-lurgiya, Yerevan, rrudy Yere- -vanskogo Pol.itekhnicheskogo Instituta, Vol 55, No 1, 1071, 214 pp Page MRTIROSYAN, S. V., IMUKYAN, U. V., and MARTIROSYM, Zh. G., "Investigation of the SoundproofinG Properties of Porous ; Metalloceramic Haterials" 125 U.SIYAN, 1M. V., and ZADITSY&N. G. M., "The Influence of Poros- ity on the Workability of 'I'letalloceramic MaterialW' 133 MkUKYAN, U. V., and MATSAMNYAN, S.~ A., "Resea rchi on the Technological and Physicomechanical Properties of IrourChrome Powders" 138 ANDREASYAN, M. G., "Certain Propertit4s of Ferro nio lyb denun P(nrder and Stable Properties of the Agglonierated Produa" 145 ZURNACRYAH, M. K., ALAYAN, A. L.,.and MNUKYAN, 1. G., "Euvesti- gation of the Properties of Pure Iron Powder and Tron-Copper Powder Alloy and Agglomerated Examples Based an Ttiem" 152 KARAPETYM, G. Kh., ARMOrfAN, R. A., SHAMBAZYAN, :6. V., GEM11YAN, A. A., and MDREASYAN, M. G., "InvestiLption of Metalloceramic Antifriction Materials Based on Solid Dibricants" 159 4/5 USSR MANUMIN, N. 1r., Editor, Poroshkovaya metallurgiya, Ye-rt~van, Trudy Yere- vanskogo Politekhnicheskogo Instituta, Vol~55, No 1, 19T!, 214 pp Page MANUKY&N, N. V., KAILAPETYAN, C. Kh., "The: Developme-m! of Tech- nology for the Production of Z4etalloplastics:of ribrous, Constructionf 174 DANELYAN, A. D., PETROSYAN, Kh. L., and CAMOY3VA, M.. M., "Investigation of Tempering of Metallaceramic Material Ising Ultrasound" 180 ALAYAN, A. A., and ZMATORIN, M. I., "A Diagrau of: the Composi- tion of the System Nb-Ga" 186 MUNUMN, N. V., SOSYAN, 11. Ye., and SARK-ISYAN, Sit. N. "Thermomechanical Productiort -1 Metal-loceramic Car bon Steel" 192 MATORIN, M. I., and ALAY&N, A. A., "Properties of Niobiumr- Gallium Alloys" 197 KIPARISOV, S. S. INERSISYMI, R, Sh., OIX'JOV, Yu. lj';, SAKLWSKIY, V. V., and MOZIUNTIOT, R. V., "Production of Stru;2tural Metalloceramic Cc=,,-itients Based on Titanium" 203 MANUKYAN, N. V., and SARKISYMN, L. Ye., "The lnflu4awe of of Thermoprocessing on the Magnetic Propert Alloys of the Per-malloy Type" 200 5/5 '13 G*11 III X - EA S )LIM 2trIArM FFFECTS A0ar'y,,-. G. A., Q-d S. D. M.Anulran. '~r Varl;cIrs by a rnovinF_ 1A.Ar tocus, f-using front, or uttrashort laser pulse front ZhETF, v. 62. no. 6, 197Z. 7156 -ZIGO. An analysis Is given or several ways in -bich the higb~ nem gradient in a Uscr puls4 can be qo-~f to accelerate sWctron& or tons in a controlled fash:on. If the mean force exerted an a particle In an v-m field of asnptitude Eo (r) and rr~quency w it ez2rex",j a4 t: hen it can be shown that, for example. a neodymium laser j6eneratkag nanosecond pulses in the 30 Gw range will prod.ce an effective fietd Ear of approximately I "Ixrn, rite2ecand pilst, of I x to, C'. will yield 100 Mv /cm. Gradl~nts of this magnitude -hen gi~*n & controlled lateral displacement (swept beam) or axial d1spiacement. point ur hearn diYevrence) can in theory bt ised for selective particle acceleration. One inctho4 for doing this vrould be wave programmed refocusing of annular portion* of the User -froat. using torrusponding pvvrUn% at z locusing lvns'. axwMer vciuld be a programmed refocusing of the beam alcing a selected path. L. thz' !a-.or cast it is shown tLat a channtl with reduced nonlinear abtorption can z be gunnratoct fez charged particle motion. In the came at low Coulamb I attraction I et",en A mtronp aml 14ne, cloctrons would eloenticAUy be accelerated as It free. at sufficiently high coulomb forces an ton acceleration componentwould apptar. In conclusion the author& suggest that the moving-focus technique could he extended to provide macrvsc:c-- e. USSR UDC: 62i.375.8-535.21il.13 MANMAN Yu S DZRAGAROV, Yu. A., Thilisi Affiliate of the All-Union -U-4.1- !n f c Research Institute of Metrology imeni D. I. 16endeleyev "An Interference Modulator of Optical Emissicn" Moscow, Otkrytiya, I--obreteniya., Promyshlennyye Obrazt-,:~y, Tovarnyye Zrsu.Xi. No 10, Apr 73, Author's Certificate No 344790, Division, G, H., filed 23 Mar 70, published 8 Feb T3, p 195 Translation: This Authors Certificate introduces an interference modulator of optical emission which contains a laser and a double interferometer such as a Michelson interferometer. As a distinguishing fee4ture of the patent, in order to produce a pulse train with controllable duration and recurrence rate and to increase speed, the arns of $be Interferomelter ccntain optical delay lines and phase correctors a symbronaus control mechtinism. P -70 9 4(j -, DATE-04M 12 ~00 v S S UNCL A SS I F I E NC TIITLE-ESTIMATIMN OF ERRORS IN MEASURIN6 ottorompi(ists INIENSITY BV GAS NALYSI& U- A AUTHOR-.(031-GULY_AYEVj B.I., MANUILSKlY, V.]D.t OKANENK(l, A.:$. UNTRY'OF~-INFO--USSR "Y -:SOURCE--FIZ 10L.' B-IOKHTM . KULIT. 19701 2( 1 V11- 34-401 DATE PUBLISHED--------70 -SUBJECT AREAS--BIOLOGICAL ANO MEDICAL SCItNCES ,TOPIC TAGS--PHOTOSYNTHESISt GA,S ANALYZER# C~ARBION 1) 1 OX CONTROL '44RKING--NO RESTRICTIONS -.GOCUMENT CLASS--UNCLASSIFIED D70/605004/i-,08 STE. P NO--UR.t'065(t/-,'OJ4002,100-IfOO34/'00'~O ,-PROXY FICHE NO----F CIRCACCESSION NO--AP0139623 UNCLASS IF IE0 12 0 UNC1. ASS J:F I ED PROCESSCIIG 0ATE-----040EC70 C.IRC ACCESSION NO--AP0139623 ABSTRACT/EXTRACT--(U) GP-0- ABSTRAC"T THE USE Of` TMI IR ',,I S R RECOKMENDED FOR THE MOST ACCURATE DETIN. OF PHOT~ISI%THET!.': 1:!Jr-mt~Sl T' THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN CO SU82 CON1C.N. IN mc. l'C ANDI -,:OUTSIDE IT (DELTA CO SUB2) IS AS LOW AS 5~ PP4, I'HE I'.'j .114E UE-1.111. Dr PHOTOSYNTHETIC ACTIVITY DOES NOT EXCEED 15PERCENT. ~fl'HE 15 LESS -TH,".N 5PERCENT IF DELTA CO SU82 IS HIGHERI TON 5 PPINJ.~ FAL ILI I*Y: -INST* PLANT PHYSIOL.t KIEV, USSR* AIPA! '72 UDC 669.094.22:669.296 QLM~' ILISTIC FZATLYM OF vNMERAMOU OF ZIRCONIM DIOXIDE WITH C"JUOM AT RiCZ TiMCRATUU3 He tow Stool and kArticlo by Yu A Pavlov A Yp T. rklakhIn 3 - ~ - r & Allqys .1aaciju i a a. 0-.ezhovikIdz*, r K A. C a i , D*~a l's g ' U Itv t. vv I tuaya Metalluraiya, Russian, No 5. : ' v * 6 ! Hi ubfait b 19 ': ~ 9 I 7 L, ffi, , j , , In references 11, 21. a itudy was made sf rhs interaction of gircontom dioxide with carbon in the temperature -range of 2,000-21600 degrees uz&4&r dtf- !sramt contact conditions botwaan the reagents. It was established that the process of reducing ZrQ , by ~tazbou black with a ccc*ouant ratio according to 4 -equation ZrO, + 3C ZrC + 2CO. takvs placA predominantly in d-e kinetic ragion. Ott the other hando the incer- action of ZrO2ulth graphite with the contact Arrangauent of the proared v=- lea of srjkph*.' to *aide and tablets takes place in the 'kinetic region only aor- itift thd lGitial period, =-- after a 4ofined Ls!)thermal delay, diffusion in- h1bition ta;zov pXaae2 and cbA process to limited by diffusion of carbon through la~vazr of rbe rArbido pi%ist formed. -Tha romnun of the resetlen pro4uct tha film = the Llli~ 1E e.1 thm ltfuO-~ bin walls Indicates that the process of Lhfi Intarrttlen takes an the z.-r7feco of the reducing agent, This is cAuard by transfer of the zirconiu4 to Uva Yrodurl-n7sacut pr,~~nsly 14 rho form of Zro formed during the process of dia.cltio; of 'ZrO.Z J3, 4.7'. ei" of L" rc-duccr 4hould play a sig'aificant role in changing tto iiniting ztsze of zha itterac- tion process. In checking chi* &;~Aumption. experiments were performed with ra&,pact to with graphite powder the particles of which studying the interaction o! '.rO 2 had vrpLectahly greater size (~j me) than in the experiments with a finaly eizz-,c-sLd redq toe n&--t Ill. 14 - 77 -033- UNCLASSIF!nk). PRO ESSING DATE--30OCT70 :~~_TITLE-REACTIGN OF ZIRCONIUM DIOXIDE WITH CARBON -U- S.:AUTHOR-(04J-PAVLOVY YU.A.9 MANUKH A,,_~V., MELEKHIN# V.F.1 YELYUTINi VoP. ILI '.'MINTRY OF INFO--USSR ~~tbURCE-IZV. VVSSH. UCHE8. ZAVED., CHERN. MET. 1970, 13(l), 5-8 ~`.'OAT EPUBL ISHED--70 AREAS--MATERIALS, ChEMISTRY TAGS--ZIRCONIUM DIOXIDEt GRAPHITEr HIGH TEMPERATURE.HEAT TREATMENT, UM-CARBIDEt ACTIVATION ENE-RGY IRCCNI 4_ctNTRCL MARKING-NO RESTRICTIONS :DOCUMENT CLASS--UNCLASSIFIED PROXY:REEL/FRAME-2000/1546 STEP NO--UR/0148/70)'013/t)OL/000510008 CIRC ACCESSICN NO-AP0125172 ~~I~umm mm=F=m==q= 1721-2-- 033 UNCL ASS I Fl ED PACICESSING UATE-30OCT70 CIRC ALCESSION NO-AP0125172 tABSTRACT/EXTRACT- (U) GP-0- ABSTRACT. ZR0 SUB2 PELLETSr IN CONTACT WITH 'GRAPHITE PELLETS WEIRE HEATED AT 2200-600DEGREES AND FH~ WT. LOSS CF THE ZRO SUB2 WAS VETD. AS A FUNCTION OF JIME AT A COINST. TEMP. FOR 90 14114. THE WTe LOSS WAS CORRECTED FOR THE w HEATLO LOSS OBSD, WHENUO U82 AS 'ALONE. THE CORRECTED WT- LOSS* DELTA P,rRAMS,:COULjD BE~EXPRESSEUBY -DELTA P EQUALS A PLUS BT PRIMECNFHALF WHERE T ES TkE TIME IN MIN ANL) A EQUALS 0.02i (2200DEGREES) TO 0.039 (2660DEGREES) A'r,,D F, EQUALS 0.09 (2200DEGRE~_5) TO 0.019 (2600DEGREE-S). THE ACTIVATiON EN"ERGY WAS 60 _KCAL-MOLE. A FILM OF ZRC 14AS FORMED ON rHE OXIDE SORFACE AND THE' FILM THICKNESSo H (CM), CAN BE DERIVED AS A FUNCTION OF Dr-.LTA P AS WELL AS OF THE DIF;,~USICN CCNST., Do: H EQUAL 'S O.Z62 DELTA P:E!~UALS (20r) _PRlPEfilEJj.ALF. 0 CAN THUS BE EVALUATED: FROM A PLOt OF 11 VS. T PRIMFC,.NE!~ALF. THE DIFFUSIUN OF C THROUGH IRC. WAS 2.5 TIMES 10 PRIME -NEGATIVE6-CM PRIME2-SEC AT 22000EGREES AND 1*3 Tlm;ES LO PRIME NEGATIVE5 :,-CM PRI:ME2-SEC AT 2600DEGREES# WITH AN A~TIVATION fftr::IlGY :OF 60 KCAL-MOLE. FACILITY: MOSK. INST. STALI SPLAVOVt NOSCP~4p USSR. I V a IL u US3R YEUNTLi, V. N V., a;,4d I.L instituto of Steel and Alloys hInteraction of Zirconilin Dioxide i-i th Carbvn" Zoscojy, VIU". Cilornaya 1,~ 1W P1 ranslattlwa- The nalture of Of in the tomperan"Clure :Lntc-rval 220,~-26CCjc)C, at qontlct j Ll Z rat'r,-,)ds ave us!ad to Obt,10 2 tb~' ld- c -1 ~ el I ar.1, sCLD,_ ich terize the int- charact -racti-or- ~ Ocess ~1:.aT41 Y, the processes talldng nlace cn tho OP tho oxlle n aL;.~unco of graphit-Q. CalctLlation;3 are nadt, ol changas of.' t1i,,, ovo--i li ciocrcaso ij, r,:-.55 of oxide and P-~r=hito de-pen.Jont on t-ho of -`r32 wita graphite in the contac,;~.-, zono, with tha isothemic lagr. '~'ljjj ~101-.onJAwcc c-f t~w- thickane--S of ullele car,04 a I'ver On ~110 ti:-Ho las!- arld I'S r usion Z?C at spccific tan diminislii~i~ --.ass o'L It ao-,,e-ar5 t,,at tha to o:ddo conversion of the qaz:~o~is phaso folln-ved by grapi-.!L,4%.Q zirconium monoxido. or t~o Vormation of carblide, the its a ction with ZRO is li;nit(~d by carbon dillusioll tlwou&~, -i 16,ve-- of Z"', z", USSR UDC 612.,01,12i-612.178 pSMKKOVA H. G., and Institute of Normal and Pathologi- calrhysiology, Academy of Merl~ al Scimaces USSR, and Institute of Develop- mental Biology, Academy of Sciences USSR, tfoscow "Dynamics of the Norepinephrine Concentration in the Rat Myocardium During HIgEL-Altitude, Hypoxia" Moscow, Doklady AkaJemii Nauk, SSSR, Vol 198, No 6, Jun 71., pp 1,474-1,477 Abstract; Rats were kept for 24 hours in a pressure chaniber ar, a simulated altitude of 2000 m after which tFe pressurevas gradually reduced for six days. Starting on the eighth day and until the end of the experiment on the 45th day, the animals were exposed to a simulated altitu& of 7000 m (eq-uiva- lent to an atmospheric pressure of 307 mm Hg). After the first 10 days oi hypoxia, the norepinepbrine concentrationidropTed to 61.91 of the baseline vaDje in the right ventricle and to 712 in the left. ftrLng the next 35 days the concentration of the zediator gradually increased until it was 80% of this control in the right vencricle and,at the control, level in the left. The. risturn to normal of the norepinephrine concent:ration ;aftetr the initial decrease is regarded as due to (i) activation of -:he reflynthesis of ca':e- cholamines or (ii) decrease in consumption of norepinephrine its a result of J~ Al _V -1de: A N 4&W*& C ..Ref. CL vice: lJR 0432 Abstracting Ser Soviet Inventions Illustrated, Saccion I Chemicill, Derwent, 7 SE:,,xKA1rJC.G MA"ERTAL TO 242991 MACHINE FOR EMENG ELE he=ical callY has each welding ~QDES of c 1chine, fitted 'With 8 unit in the n electrical canter at the sides of which are opring-Xoaded catchest~hich press the separating material (in~tape form to che edges of a longitudinal Slot -in a supporting pl;~te- The feed-in mechanism for the separation mattziul take& the form of a shaped templattfor tensiontnp the velded butt joint of two strips of separation m4tierfal. In slots of this template operated with recipro4wltimg motion, the shaped clamps of the transporter whic~i transfers the electrodes and separac;ion material. ~o the welding unit. 15.3.68. us L225550/Z4-7. RUVINSKII, L.G. MINN. M.N. FOLTANIN, V. Ya. tt ul (25.9-69) Bul, 16/5.3.69~ Class 21b, Int. CL. Ii 0"W). AUTHORS: Ruvinskiy L. G.; Kreynin, M. N.: Pol~raniTiz., V. Ya. Manukhin, S.J.; Guriijflikin V. V. Adamy~q,._R REEL/FR-*IE In90050A zm~ C7r1-=-*- =Ue USSR UDO 621.1385.188.~.052.002 KRASNOV, A.P., 14ANUKHIN-A.!-RtG- 'Erfect Of Technological Processes Cn Cathode Emisuion And Outpt Power Qf Titanium-Ceramic Microwave Tubes" Elektron.tekhnika. Nauch.-tekhn.ab. Elektron.SVCh (Electronics Technology. j Scientific-Technical Co'-lection. Microwave Electronics), 1972, Issue 4, pp 62-67 (from RZh:Elektroniks i yeye primeneniytj, No 9, Sept lgr4-j Abstract No 9AIC6) Translation: It is shown that the emi.9sion and dynamic parametars of titenium- ceramic tubes of the microwave band depend on the tempersture of the regimen of evacuation and soldering of the tubes and also on the prossure of the gases at the time of eintering of the nickel powderfor the cathotle bees. Burnmery. TISSR ~'49.29$t620.193.5~:1569.787 OZERYI WJKH WAYA, 1, N.j and SMIRKOV, H. V. "Influence of Oxygen on the Corrosion of Titdinium in Molun Carlionates of Alkali Metals" Tr. In-ta elektrokhimli Ural'skiy fil. AN SSSR (Works of -the Institute of Electrochemistry, Ural Branch of the Atademy of Scionces IISSR(, .1970, vyp. 15, pp 109-113 (from RZh-.'4etallurgiya. No 12, Dee 7Q, Abstract No 12 1828 by Ya. ULANOVSrIY) Translation: By measuring standard potentials the authorn sts~4ied the inter- action of Ti, obtained by the thermal decomposition of il;s io4jideo, with a molten eutectic mixture of Li, Na, and K carbonates undet: an atmosphere of a mixture of C02 and 02 in a ratia of 9 : 1.4 : 1.7 : 3 an(I air above the ualt at a temperature of 600". DurIng the first moment of thn; intoraction, elsc- trochemical reduction of C takes place, Ti: activity drorpili sipUicantly ouinq to the saturation of its surface wifji oxygen, which shariPly abifts the Ti potential in the direction of pqaitive values, and the r0luctfam of C 'coalleq. The introduction of 02 into the gaseous phosA promotesli;4thLft of the Ti potential in the direction of positive valuas. -The folitlixtionlof oxide phasea 1/2 /Z- 008 UNCLA~31F*IE ~ I PRD~VSSING DATE-O~DCt70 1~'~ME-CUPOLA FUEL FROM LEAN COALS f-ROM THE KUZNETS.K 11ASI.W.-u- AUTHOR-(05)-RYABICHENKO, A.0.01 DINELP VeMor MOSINY SoVv'Lf;VD1NR V.P.# COONTRY OF INFO--USSR SOURCE--LITEINOE PROIZVOD. 1970, t1l 38-9 DATE PUBLISHED--70 SUBJECT AREAS-MATERZALS JPIC TAGS--COALt SULFURt COKEv CAST IRON. CC%T~'L -1AkK1,NG--N6 RESTAICTEONS L'~' U; Is '4 TCLASS--Uf-t'CLASSIFIED REEL/FRAME--1986/0111 STEP NO--UR/0128170/DDOIOOL/0038/0339 CIRC ACCESSION NG--AP0102201 UKLASSIFIED u 008 UNCLASSIFIED PROCOESSINr, DATE-021CT70 ERC ACCESSIUN NO--AP0102201 iSTRAC.T/EXTRACT--(U) GP-0- ABSrRACT. COKE MADE BIT* SL-*)W Iql:ATINS _--F TH= TJrLE' COAL TO 1000DEGREES WAS EVALUATED ;IN A CUPOLA FVRNACE. T :PKUC;UCEO AN-INCREASE I.N CAS PERMEABILITY OF THE CHAA4'1~-, IN AN LNCREASE IN THE G4S TE.'-!P., A DE:RFAS' zGAS :PERf4E:,k8ILITY OF THE CHARGE, J SUB2, AN iMPROVED HEAT, EXCHANGEt A HIGRE~ METAL TEMP., -IN THE Cq~-Cf AND ~4A LOWER SCONTENT IN THE PRODUtT. UNCLASSIFIED 1 2 039 UNcL As's F Iff) I P R r) r, S SI G. D il T7 "NO E R L),' 0 T I V EEFF-picrs of: T.ITLE--INVEST [GAT ION OF DISSIdATIVE: 09, RADIATION -U- -ALTHfJR-f03)-BRAGINSKlYj V.B., 144=QNv A.B,.,t T I KH1,11110V M. 0. COUNTRY OF INFO--USSR EKSPERIMENTALINC)Y I TWWICHEESKOY F141KII 1970t VOL 5d, -Nq- 59 PP 1549-1552 OATE, PUBLISHED ------- 70 :SUBJECT AREAS--PHYSICS TOPIC TAGS--ELECTROMAGNETIC RAOIAT(ON, MECHAN(CAL VIBRWIONt ULTRAHTGH ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELOi . . . . . . . . . --NO RESTRICTIONS TR.L ~MARKING 14 E N TCLASS--UNCLASSIFIED EL/FRAME--3002/0011 STEP NO--UR/OG56/7(,)j'G:-)Hfo()5/1549/t,552 -f~M RE _,_C I RC ACCESS ION NO--AP0127661 " 5 1 F I A j PnAERFUL ELECT ROMAGNET I C F I ELD IN THE CAY IT Y I ELEU I RUMAUVIt I lt- UA"11' I I'lu EFFECT), THE COEFFICIENT OF Ell EC PIMMAGNCII.C DAIIPIN;Gt MTRODUCED INTO 141E v- ')ING ON HOW M=CHA fC.11. OSCILL4TOR AFFECTS THE 14AG'.11ITUDE il.ND Swrc 1) PON4 tfic CAVITY IS TUNED. THE MEASUKU VALUE~' OF THF DAM11;'NG (;OFFFICIENT AGREE WITH THE THEORUICA~ F.TIMAT- FAC(t.ary: -MOS'OVSKIY GOSUDARSTVEINNYY UNIVERSITUT. 112 ATE '1V 7 0 027 UINCLASSMEO OA L.-L3Ni -% G -E 1i TiTLE-KINETICS UF HYORCGEN NMI- AUS6kPFIGN Uf~j A r ii -U- STUOIEU BY A MLECULAR ['eA;4 ~IFJHOD AUTHOR-1ANUKOVA, L.A. COUNTRY'.1F INF0--USSR S5URCE-1H. FIL. KHIM. 19701 it4t3)i '129737), :DATE PU13LISHED ------- 70 .:SUBJECT AkEAS-CHEMISTRY TOPIC TAGS-ADSORPTION, HYuROCTE-Ni t41 T RUGEN TI TAM I U14 MULECULAP BEAM CCNTROL 14RAING-.140 kESTRIMONS. DOCUMENT CLASS-UNCLASSIFIE3 PR OXY RFEL/FRAME---300Z/1230 STEP Pi(]--Uti/0076/70;tl),riti/00~/072910733 1 11 Li, TM- wili i'i 1~1, mvii I" 212 039 UNCLASSIFIE0 PR(?Cj:5S ING DArE--2'1,1V3V70 .CIRC ACCESSION NO-AP0127661 ABSTRACT/EXTRACT--IU) GP-0- ABSTRACT, AN EXPER I PIENT. ~5 OESCRIBED 114 PH All LF 212 027 p Roli, -:SS ING 0ATE--L3NGV7) C,IRC ACCESSION NO-AP0 126t46 ABrTqACT/EXTkACT--(U) GP-0- A8)STKACT. ADHES loN, COEF;F-5. i.)ESCAI; ING THI: -3 ADSORPT (0' Ii OF 1-4, ti SUB2i A140 N SOB? ON T 11: LLM W Ello. EDE T J .FUk ViAR[Ous SUR.FAC,(L- CONCNS. OF AuSWWATE AT T7-3501)~EPRCESKi. TaE- ii toosoRprio,~i bias A MIN. AT 90-1101)ECPkEFSK. 3ELOW THIS TEMP., THE AC11-10SIO)l COFFF. INCkl-ASES DUE TO PHY5* AJ)SDRPTIOJ'Jl IrIILE- DIFFUSION (if, Hi 4DSL)H~F-El) IN AT- FOR-As INTO THE INTERIOR OF THE FILM IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE LNCREASI" AT 110-3500CIGREESK. THE AGPIESIGN COEFF, OF N SU152 OECINEASED IN THE ENTIRE RANGE. THE RETENTIO-' OF it SUB2 AND N ~ S U B 2' ADSORO~,D 'J4: 114 SU[t ESTD. FROM THE DESORPTION RATE, ~iAS 6-7 AND 110 - L 40 ~;SLC7 RESP. s s I E I F " D 1.14 - I -a v 89ZE110c)V--ON NCISS3:):)v -:)idl: d.31S Z4;EOA' 4661-3WVHA/!~i~[V AXOSc 091AJSSvl3Nn--SSVl3 iN-".J):)OC SNOIIDIbIS~b ON--VNlNhVW lObll4Z)-,' SVV VNINIVINOO IV13W 4NUlld*dQSOV SVO-..-.~~ '1%113W 9NINIVIN01 SV5 'AU11V WnN30VAlOW 'N3UUdllN lN3t)UliCAH--s5vl-:lldbll'f~ OL ------- 03H'~-J ZO-LLI '0L61 *WIHN '214 OH7-33MOS~' bSSn--D:INI dD. Ald.INDQ~i *V*l 'VAOAnNVW-l--~lf0tjln-v,~, -n- -S3,dni"3dW31 V41,NRIOAlOW NO IqOllldbOSOV N.300811N UNV N300WIAH :10 S311SPA i3VldVH:)--3-).Lj-lm,% O.'d~Sll--3.lV(J ONJSSa~!)D'e-d 031:1]SSV13N(l BIG Z/11. 3PA 2/2 ols UNCL ASS IF I ED PROCI~ISSItZ DATE--LISEP70- ..'CIRC ACCES.SION NO--AP0113268 ABSTRACT/EXTRACT--(U) GP-0- ABSTPACT. KINETICS OF ADS0i;PTION AND DESORPTION OF H AND N ON MO AT 77-300DEGREESK WAS INVTSTIGATED 3Y rH.~' MOL. F~FAM AND ISOTOPIC (D SUB? PLUS H SU.42 AND PRTHFL-4 14 SUP2 PLUS PRIME15 N SUB2) METHODS. AT 77-100DEGREESK, H IS A0:50R31-0 13Y 2 INDEPENDENT AND S14ULTANEOUSLY OPERATING MFCHANISMSv~,ONE 0f~ WHICH INVOLVES AT. AND 'rHE OTHER MOL. H.' ABOVE 100DEGREES~i',v H WAS ADSORBED BY THE AT. MECHANISM ONLY, N WAS ADS3ROED AND PESORBED 13Y THE ABOVE 2 MECHANISMS SIMULTANEOUSLY AT 77-200DEGREESKt AND BY THE AT. MECHANISM AT _-.HIGNEk TEOSO' - THE ADSORPTION COEFFS'.* OF H AND N STEA01tv- DECREASEDr-wtTH -,.:,-,INCREASING CONCN. OF.THE GASES ON THESURFACE OF 140. THE C0%lCN. OF AT. -ON JHIS SURFACE STEADILY INCREASED WITH DECREASING~ TEMP., WHEREAS THE OF AT. N REMAINED CONST. ~_z_z7_zzzzzzT_ UNc!-4SSfF[ED tblecular Blology USSR UDC 547.963-3 GALOYAN, A. A., ZAKHARYAN, R. A., KARAPETYIN, L. A. and MA-NUKY.24, E. B..,- Institute of Biochemistry, Armenian SSR Academy of "The~Aetion of Dexamethazone (16-,alDha-metl,,yl-9-r-lDlia-flia-,,rprednisolone) on the Nucleotide Composition of the N~cleolus-Chromosofrie RNA of the Brain" Yerevan, Doklady Akademii Nauk Armyanskoy SSR, Vol 56~ No 51 19731 pp 308- 311 Abstract: The changes in the nuckotide composition of 'the nLicleolils- chromosome MA of whole rat brains under the influence ol" the predr.-Isolonq analogue dexamethazone were studied. The rats were decapitated four hours after dexametazone introduction and the brain IWA was obta.;--ed by ther:-,-1 phenol fractionat-lor. The phenol-vater interface was u.-cd' to Gbt~,in the total nucl 'co-, us-chro.--io some MIA. It w-ir. observed that the coeffic.4cnt of specificity G+C/A+U was increased IfOr the exparimenLal ttni=ds, Which is !iaid to indicYLe a sharp lowerinC in thr. quantity. or DINA-liko rCO;.. These rcs~~- ts are considered to shcpj that, deyamethazone inhibits ONA-IJAe X111-1 oynthesis, acting on the genome level to delay the synthesis of -Irfcirr-ational MA responsible for the formation of a co.-ticotroplii-lib~-qrali~iil,,, harrione of a q ypoptide nattire. _J, Compounds, Academy of Sciences USSR. JAningr "The Mechanism of Genetic Recombination DuriAg Bacte~ial Conjugation. Ill. Clonal Analysis of the Meterogeneous Progeny of Exconjugats Bearing a System oL' Close Genetic Markers" Moscow. Genetika, Vol 6. No 8. Aug 70, pp 116-IY~ Abstract: During the conjugation of Eachorichia coli Hfr :arui If" cel-1s. merozy- gotes are formed which replicato as diploids,and segragato irecanbinants. The segregation process is compl---ted in 8-10 generations. Zoroi possIbilities of zygote formation may be assumed: J) tandem insertion of a ONA (ionor fragrrmnt into the recipient chromosome by a procesa similar to the Caxqi4mll muclianism; 2) paral- lel insertion, in wiLich the donor fragwnt remains in a 4;%iate ot' synapsis along the recipient chromosome. Specific predictions can bfj fornialatod for 00th L schemes. In experiaents on the conji4gation of Z. coI4 E11'r, and J` calls, five closely located genetic markers (t12Lreto propkiAge and two bai3tortil' were ouployed. All of the groups found in the clorAl analysis of 60 exconJugants wore in agree- moat with the predictions for the tam-tam Insiortion itacbmil!wi. $Uaco the at4tia- tical data were not extensive, the ooaolwionis r"ohod verio quAIII'LatIve. Housyer, 1/2 Ace. Kr.: A/ImO4037 Rmf. Code: UA q,1 AUTHOR- MANUKYAN CHA RMAN THE ARMEND&X-QMi= ON TAL URG CAN61DATE 5F TEC1011CAL SCIENCES, TITLE-- POWDER METALLURGY OF ARMENIA NEWSPAPER--- KOMMUNIST, JUNE lip 1970t P 31 COLS'1-3 ABSTRACT- THE ARMENIAN POWDER METALLURr.ICAL INDUSTRY WAS,LAUCHED IN 4&959.WHEN THE SKB OF SFMIC"DUCTORS-AND CERMET111 AND A PILOT PLANT ,,VERE FOUNDED IN YEREVAN, TODAY1 IN ADDITION TO THE SKB THE XEP~E!L /YERPI/, A SCIENTIFIC-RESEARCA MINING AND METALLURGICAL INSTIT".1TE /NIGMI/, AND THE ARMENI.AN _C-jEN1j,7 j _S..=UStARC1j ~JjTyj; . .... PF efusnuh-NmN /ARMW-fi'M ARE' DOING RESEARCH IN THE Yl~ ZLI) OF POWDER METALLURGY. TO COORDINATE THIS PROGRAM, THE AR111T.101AN C011MITTEE ON POWDER METALLURGY WAS ESTABLISHED 'EARLY IN 1963 UIPER TuE BOARID OF THE SCIENTIFI-IC-TECHNICAL SOCIETY,:OF THE MAC14INE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY OF THE ARMENIAN REPUBLIC, __19, 194- IN CONCLUSION THE AUTROR DIRECTS HIS CRITICISM A:r THE ARMENIAN ACARMY OF SCIENCY-51 THE MINISTRY OF HIGHER ARID MIDDLE SPECIALIZED EDUCATION OF THE REPUBLIC THE ADMIN18TRATION OF FERROUS METALLURGY OF THE ARMENIAN OUBLIC ANDTTS COSPLAN FOR BEING 'INDIFFERENT TO THE NEEDS OF THE;PGVDEA META',LILURGICAL INDUSTRY. -R-E-E4, E M m E USSR IJDC: TJo:-.,e ASK&R Vill, G. A.'and j~~~M LAN "ro "Acceleration of Fartieles by a M'oviiirg Laser Foono, locu. inG r or Ultra-kffiort Laser Pulse" os-cow Zhurnal i Te!o!'etj.che--.-'-,--4:)v Fjjli'ki, Vol 62, 12E L No 6, 19'12, pp 2156-2160 stract: This paper discusses the possibilities of w3ii-ji2; the hiL.-h Ab gradient of a laser light J"ield to produce an aocelerotion j r d ie n 1; .Lor elect:cons. The authors visualise the moving- -LOC111, Of ]-~,ser ly while it-- focus is var-od as a beom sonnning transveroe U tudinally, with tisno, by a speci,~'.]. lesil's. They ,.. -;o oe th-e mcv.~-- ment of the focu3in:f-, front whon v,,,rioui~ rj-~I the are focusod at variou.,3 points o,," the bowr, axis difj'cr(~nt in -L coi-%dinr t-o -,. def-inite law. Th(-.~ coi.,idildozzi.,, fo- ss-u-~~)2-L ac c t -,~ .-I arc. C011- the p,-Lrticle, --ccelcr,~~,tion from small initind velc sidered, ditions 'or onev"!y on --nd the con J. part of the acce-lern'-d -`cles~ are (3 ',-,-rmi-ncd. It wcelox t.-On, that it is possible inject- thi], intc, -a -~.C!d by 1-'hr, nict:.".C."n Cd v ZI cloud o" olectron'~,3 ol. a Wxmlm -L -e the "aser or- El tarj7l I v it j..'l 110"m 'JI!r, Lht? o the focus c,---.n be -u,-eCk for izicr.easinc" .-t~c Cd., r UDD C I 'o n P- kSKA-R'Yl,-TT, G.. A., et al, 'Zhumal Fizil:j, vol 62, E-o 6, 1972, pp 2156-2lbU of macrosoopic particles as well. Flembers Of th~-t P. lebcCiov I Fbysics Dislitute, USSR licademy of ~cieaces, thi~,,~ cx-,~- e~,'s their grat-iWde to Prof. M. S. Rabinovich for hio co:a,,---.c-.nts. I IM II; I; I yl I I III I III 111i I HIV M I, M! I N-,l 1 11, If Rimu BiL 04. JPFG, - S57 66 24 April 1972 OPTIMM RECEMM .11 A! 10 SICUL 0*4 A BACKT=ND a-F WHU~ t tyl Lt~M 1A.'V.L WtLdle bmjas_j~-~mha and liv.%tLV. Vu- -Z-1- Radiockkt-1--irl., .0-V, Vol 4. 0. Z, D..mber 1971., p3l L50Z-15wi A srachenia was =zda of an optimum raa;o recoEvIns d"ice when the useful FM radio signal with a rL.S phase ij r".L"d an s i-ckaground of a marnial narrow-band a-,A 4its r4l"x~ A !~'.ovk diagram or RP, optiftiza rc,,iviur device is given and an inveatigattan isiule. of the ISIAtiouship Oar."A the varliAttoft -a( the ~quere ef the re- lative error and theL &Igoal to ne,ite, ratio for different modulation indLces. Data is given for an experimenzal inveatigation of a cr~ztoptt=l recaLvtr. Anumber of radio -1 carIng prrbL-- require the ~f T4* informational parftmter A (t) of the FM s"ns. an t1w background of a narrow1mind M signal and %fifte holes. An atitzePt is made in the folloOng to evaluate the error of Oaromatfir I (t) of am optimuni r4K*Lvlfta the circuit of which in found an the basis of the nonlinear filtrattoz- theory 4oveloped in 11 ' 2. .11. V* wi,11 #&4%me thae during acust intcrval of time (0, T) there to I ~Qived at the I~Pot of the receiving device arn --Wditive mixture of a useful FM signal with.& random phase, Ax inter- fareacam with a randan phase and a stationary white notes. k19 11 usSR - r1 loop USSR uDc 6n-396~669 BABAHOV, Yu. N., LAVROV, 14. A., GorIkiy State University imeni H. I. Lobachevs y "A Device for Suppressing Regular Literference in Reception of Wide-B-and Frequency-Modulated Signals" Moscow, Otkr-y-tiya, izobret~niya, prou7shlennrye obraztsy, tovarnyye znaki, No 15, May 71, Author's Certificate No 302836, Division H, Aled 4 jul 69, published 28 Apr 71, p, 203 Translation: This Author's Certificate introduces a detrice for suppressing regular interference in reception of vide-band frequericjr~-modiaeted siW_als. The de-vice contains two parallel channels: equipped vith~ filtevra and con- nected to a common load. liz a distinguishing feature o:C the.patent, the distortion when device in designed to provide reecaption without sIr several interferences act simultanr:,ously on the input. ' The cihannel filters are signal-tracking filters which are detuned with reapi!ct to the resor-ance frequency and relative to one another by an =ount whidi is Ponstant in time and,vhieb is several times the bandwidth of the acctive~,spectrum of the useful signal, and the filter passbands are selected t6 be identical and equal to the width of the active spectrum of the useful isignal, a delay line being connected in one of the channels. a ONN 0' `777-i 77= USSR UDC: 621.391:519~2 BABANOV, Yu. N., Kul 'Increasing the Interference Resistance of Radio Systens With Grouped Signal Transmission in the case of a Frequency-Modulated Carrier" V sb. Metody uomekhoustoychivogo priyema 0-all _i FM (Metlnods of Intcrfercnce- Free F14 and PM Reception-collection of works), Moscow, 11S~rr. rad'o", 1970, PP 221-230 (from RZh-Fadiotekhnika, No .12, Dee .70, Absiract; ~Vo 1203) Translation: Pie authors consider a radio cogimunications s,,I~tems ;n which selectivity is increaced in relationaillip -to signals from extrareojis radio systems whose frequency spectra aro within the range -)f th,! ~passbiind of the radio, system. The group method of a3f.trnall trari5mis,,ion is in combination with frequency inodulation of the carri,iir. It iu Oiawn titil, the i!:tft-~ct Qf regulax extraneous interf~.,rence E-iM1nJL!5 hW1 a~periijdlc puliwi aetl.on. droilp transmission makes it posnible in receiving ei signal wtth 1`14 cza-r:!er to sprq!iLd out the pulse energy of the irteri~erence signals over time .4.,egmexits much greater than the duration of each interference pulse. In al'idition 1.0 protec- tion by the d--.*.z-ect dispersa-I of interference enerLw, the compi~nsuting d-_-vice of a receiver with FM carrier offers possibilities for additional protection by compensating interference oscillations through the use of information on the interference entering the i-f amplifier from the -.iac,l c~ftannCL Resume'. 29: low" 6.62:621 376.321-758.3-1 USSR UDC [621.391.82-~621.39 NUKM S. G. "ll.-fethod of Noise Compensation with an FI-11-Carrier" Gor~kovs'.. un-C (Scientific 1;oCas of Gorkiy Univulir:'it)), 1970, vyp. Uch. z~~, 105, pp 27-30 (from RZh-Rad'otelidinika, No 9,~ Sep 70, Abstriict No 9A118) Translat~on: Application of the compensation method for pi:utec:ion of re- ceivers from. regular interfering signals (from forei,,f-,n radlos) Is possible as a result of the short-term effect of the noise. In a s:,-sterl V.71Lh 'a'l Le c. r3er -carrier it is possible to use the property of variatfpn. olf t- frequency with timiL for noise f~uppression aq.d to selt:,ct ;-L --h,,anM!l a d1_-l;iyed ijAI)Ut 1.11.XtUrt! W! OW ilityllfary chanaol, IWL',IYJ.111~i; 01(~ 11CIA[aLloap; for goopen.wmicni in f-Aw. ')~I In t1W. porMlLr OW W e a i 'Yfj to 1,11pul. chanael tu be received. In the prop(nt;od 's 'a 1:11L 11-D cor,,es to the second frequency Converter via.the 41elay ]Aj:Lq., aw! 11V the 41--sr. converter without a delay, The.- carrier t, useful signal will be differenc as a result of pasi;age of: 01-10 ot, Ger:l through the delay line. S-ignal and nLise oscillations -0-11 be obiiervud in the first channel at the output of t'he intermediate f ri!iquency ;31npii, f ier, De and only noise oscillations will Le obsarked in the i;econd ci,,zinnal. I pending on the delay line titne con.,itant a ell.I!ferant jihaw,. ahif V will tie NMI j USSR MN71KYAN, S. G. , Gork-ovsk. un-t (Scientific No.tos of Corkiy Uni- versity), 1970, vyp. 105, pp 27-30 from RZji~Radiotekhnlka, No q, Sep 70, Abstract No 9AI18) observed between the noise oscillations in the *A-i 17 B Ccwtad iieconq When feeding the oscillations from tILe first and second clwjnnel~; to tile subtractor rwise condensation is realized. The results oT exparimental testing of the proposed method of noise compensption are r,resentc-'.d. 2/2 USSR LTDC 621.391,t$2:6LI.396.62:621.376.3.~)21.317.743 Y KHRUILEVA, N. S. , PLA,ro.,;ovj v. i. ll ~171 Z "Statistical Characteristics of" Noise fto-m Regular Sou)~cii,-~ 'Zhen Receiving an M Type Signal Superimposed on an FX Carrier" Uch. zap. Corkovsk. un-t (Scieatific Notes of Gorkiy Univarsicy), 1970, vyp. 105, pp 31-32 (from RZh-Ra'iote!~.hnika. No 9, Sep 70i Abstract Xo 9A107) Tra-7slation: The effect o~' in,-errering signals on a receiver in colnxiunica- tion systems with an RI-carrier is of the nature of ~IiorL pul-stis. This ar:Lses from the fact that the heterodyqe follows the frequency variatA f tile ul3e- ful signal only, and the effects of tile intcrfering signaLs ara exhibited only in. the time intervals when the frequency components of tjw! accivo spectrui-nof the signal and noise coincit-ie, To determine the distriburion law of instan- taneous values of the noise at th-I receiver output, research was periormed. By statistical processing of the outtut voitage oscA.I.lograms for two types of modulating voltagc (noise vibration in the 2~il)-3,500 hertz fre- quency band and sinusoidal oscillation wirhia frequenp-y of, two Itiloliertz), the distribution curves for tile instantaneous values cj-!~ tl~e noLlie were ob-- tained. For the first type of modulating voltage, the disit:ribuLion law ob- tained is close to normal., and for the second type of modtlintiiq, voltage, tile 1/2 USSR ML&NIXYM, S. G. et al. Uch. zap.-Gorkovsk. un-t (Scientific tiates of Gorkiy University), 1970, vyp. 105, pp 31-32' Ufio-m~Z-h-Rad iotekhai Ica, No 9, Sep 70, Astract No 9A107) deviation from the normal law is more significant. 'rhe greatest variance ~from normal distribution is observed for values close to zi~ro. 2/2 ip- UD USS, C 615-3;~:636 MA, KIA~i ~1. A Yerevan '11; o oveterinary ins.1tute USIAN, A. V., and "The 5timulatinz Effect of Eleutherocoacus on Cattle. 111 giche5kiy Zhurnal A-rmunii, Vol 23, ~No 8, Aug '~'O, PP 1.07-108 Yerevan, Biolo. dL Abz';ract: 11,,-16 i~onth old bulls were used in the iuvestj~ja,tion to ostaiu- 11sa the and minimizi dosa.; oif an 0.),trilet of 1 11 R. at X., when uzed for t1he therapy of gastrolntu.,itinal disurder;:4 Li cattle. 11~,o a" c~ o' the preoaratioii h -F n - J. 10 %, ~ I C-n the Clinical ~nd hexn-.,Itologic~al indices of the u:r a A-a was also d~ -er~~L-,ued. The practioaL do!-;o of ti:;) pmparal,,Aon whori administored intralmu5cularly wa~; ostablishod as 0.001 T,,iu ardinalit wori.:t exDmined prior %10 a,,;d 1, ), 0" , a n~i 24 hou.r.,; aftor injoction 0' Wao tjxtrac`~,. Elo; "1:41orococcul; woxe LhQrapeutically offoatIva. 4r~i pro-dwed m) riogialvo CIjilie'll rusults. The o=raet has a stimulati-ng affrict on the orgarul am at-A Increases tr,.e W quanti%y of leukoc~rtus in the blood (in particular, neu~roj*lls),, an important I-C.or in control of infections. The stimuUting effect oC the ;Eloutherocoocus prepara-rion is mainly due zo its A-Pawrable, effect on the hemAtopvietic organx. ... UNIZEN USSR um: 621.374-32 ROGAVA, S. Ye. MANUK-YANVI K. S., ROGAVA, Z. Ye., Tbilisi Affiliate of t;"~~- ~Monljculentific 'Research Institute or Metrology imeni D. 1. Mendeleyev "A Binary Pulse Counter" Moscow, Gtkry-tiya, izobreteniya, proryshlennyye obraztsy, tovaray1re znaki, No 10, ApZ 71, Author's Certificate No 298073, Division 11,,riled. 27 Sep 69, published 11 Mar 71, p 193 .:-ranslation: Thi~, Author's Certificate introduces a binary pulse cowiter which contains the binary flip-flop counter proper with a ripple-throud) carry net based on AND elements, and also OR el(-raents, delay elements and a half-adder. AE; a distinguishing feature of the patent, tht.- device is desif,7ped for detection of malfinictioris, simplification and increadeil cowit:lng speed. The zero-output terminals of the fhp-flaps for till digita;'i njacl-_Ii are co!l- nected to inputs of the co rre s pon ding AND elewrits, which tire coniected iri series and forr-i an auxiliary ripple-tbrough earry net whost! inpat is connecter.-I through a delay element to the counter input, The outputs of the AND cir- cuits of the auxiliary ripple-through carry net are connected through an OR 1/2 KL