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Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
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Document Creation Date: 
December 19, 2016
Document Release Date: 
December 8, 2005
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Publication Date: 
July 15, 1966
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PDF icon CIA-RDP89B00980R000600040008-7.pdf562.42 KB
Approved For Release A 9-1) TOP SECRET 2005/12/MACCIDSFIDP8913009801410060U4k08-7 MEMORANDUM FOR THE NRP EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE SUBJECT: 1.1-2 Program July 15, 1966 The diminishing number of operationally available 1.1-2 aircraft has been a subject of continuous review for the past two years. Although the loss of four aircraft during the f:1 -it six months of this year has not signifiCantly influenced the overall aircraft attrition rate (see Tab 1), it has impacted seriously on the operational capability. On the basis of the past ten years of experience, the current world situation, and the expectations of world developments over the foreseeable future, it is reasonable to expect continuing requirements for U-2 photographic reconnaissance in a number of different areas of the world (see Tab 2). Our present U-2 inventory will provide a reasonably adequate capability to accomplish the required missions for li to 2 years. To do so, however, very close management control of the assets to provide efficient opera- tional utilization will be required. Beyond the two-year time period, we do not expect, because of the anticipated attrition rate, to have sufficient aircraft to conduct the expected operational missions. IDEALIST TOP SECRET Approved For Release 2005/12/23 : CIA-RDP89600980R000600040008-7 25X1 Approved For Release 2005/12/23 : CIA-RDP8913009805i600600040008-7 The present U-2 assets are: 1. Assigned to CIA 6 2. Assigned to SAC 8 3. Being Modified 2 4. Assigned to AFSC 4 (These aircraft are ?in various test configurations rather than operational configurations. Two aircraft are of the two-seat configuration.) Due to the limited number of operational aircraft, we have investigatqd the feasibility and 'desirability of bringing all aircraft under one operational management while still maintaining both CIA and SAC programs. There are serious constraints which militate against such a management arrange- ment. For example, due to the difference in operational environments, the CIA and SAC aircraft are not identical in basic payload and defensive systems-configurations. Also, serious problems would arise in the command and control and security aspects of that arrangement because of the overt and clandestine requirements. There are, however, actions which can be taken to optimize utilization of the operational aircraft. Some of these actions have been taken. Thus we modifying the SAC airplanes (see Tab 3) to tion (with the J-75 engine installation) to of aircraft between CIA and SAC when their are presently the 1J-2C configura- permit the exchange respective assets are insufficient to meet operational requirements. Additional measures in aircraft .modifications are being accomplished 2 Approved For Release 2005/12/23 : CIA-RDP89B00980R000600040008-7 Approved For 'Release 2005/12/23 : CIA-RDP8913009801a000600040008-7 which will provide a maximum interchangeability of these ? assets with improved flight safety. Because our total U-2 inventory is quite low even with a capability for maximum interchangeability of aircraft' between CIA and SAC, it is prudent to review the opera- tional requirements and to determine the allocation of aircraft consistent with these requirements and available assets. CIA has two primary missions: overflight coverage of COMOR targets in China and North Korea and maintaining a dual staging capability at Edwards AFB for world-Wide deployments as required. This dual staging capability requirement Includes the ability to operate the U-2 from aircraft carriers. To accomplish these missions, CIA has six U-2s (one of which is on bailment to Lockheed for a continuing test and product improvement program), and 14 pilots The SAC missions include the coverage of COMOR targets in Cuba; DIA, COMOR, and COMUSMACV targets in Southeast Asia; alert commitments for worldwide deployment; back-up of the Air Weather Service air sampling missions; and training of all new pilots being introduced into the U-2 program. SAC has eight available aircraft and 24 to 26 pilots to fulfill these missions. 3 Approved For Release 2005/12/23 : CIA-RDP89600980R000600040008-7 Approved For .F4otease 2005/12/23 : CIA-RDP891300980g000600040008-7 As the result of a review of the mission requirements and available assets, the following comments are relevant: 1. SAC now has a minimum practical number (eight) of aircraft available for mission accomplishment. Two of these are for coverage of Southeast Asia in response to both theatre and Washington Headquarters requirements; one is maintained in operational readiness at Barksdale AFB and is used for coverage of Cuba in respo ,e to national requirements. The remaining five are at Davis Monthan AFB and are employed for rotation of aircraft in ,South Vietnam, support of Air Weather Service, air sampling missions, and for the training of new pilots being introduced into the program as well as for the main- tenance of proficiency of the SAC pilots assigned to the program. 2. CIA does not now possess an adequate aircraft inventory to maintain the entire as well as the dual staging capability at Edwards. One of the aircraft at Edwards is assigned to Lockheed for testing which is relevant to the improvement of both the CIA and SAC programs. There are three aircraft at Edwards which not only must be responsive to the requirement for dual staging capability, but also for use in continuing proficiency of 4 Approved For Release 2005/12/23 : CIA-RDP89600980R000600040008-7 25X1 25X1 25X1 25X1 Approved For keiease 2005/12/23 : CIA-RDP89B009801W0600040008-7 the CIA pilots In the past, there .has not been a demand to exercise dual staging. To be able to accomplish this would require a minimum of four aircraft' at Edwards. In view of the present low inventory of U-2s, it would seem essential to recognize history and to recon- sider whether the requirement for a second staging capability is valid. If such reconsideration proves the requirement to be valid, we must recognize that the capability does not exist with our present assets. Furthermore, consideration The Air Force Systems Command's four U-2's are a source for adding to the inventory for operational reconnaissance. AFSC has four U-2's engaged in high altitude test and research programs (see Tab 4). While it is recognized that these research programs play a significant role in the long range development of future systems, the need to augment the operational forces to the minimal acceptable level must be given priority. To provide AFSC the opportunity for program planning and maximum utilization of the test vehicles, trans- fer of the U-2's should be done on a scheduled basis rather than acquired at random to compensate for operational losses. Approved For Release 2005/12/235. CIA-RDP89600980R000600040008-7 25X1 Approved For'Release 2005/12/23 : CIA-RDP8913009801a000600040008-7 One of the four aircraft from AFSC should be turned over for modifications immediately. A second aircraft may be required at the end of the current modification line if attrition losses so dictate. It is anticipated that these aircraft can be replaced in two to three years with the .U-2C's,if a U-2R is built. The U-2C will provide improved performance characteristics over the increase the test capability at that U-2A's and, hence, time. 3. The present low inventory of. U-2's, the antici- pated need for the use of this aircraft, a continuation of present requirements, the possibility of new requirements in various parts of the world, and the increased hostility of certain operational environments strongly need for additional procurement now. Growth air defense suggests that any newly procured indicate the in the enemy's aircraft must have abetter performance and better survival potential. The Lockheed U-2R proposal offers the desired product improvement design and probably reaches the maximum per- formance envelope we can hope to obtain in a subsonic vehicle. If a decision is made to go ahead with the buy, the amount and the rate of procurement will have to be determined by a careful examination of available funds. This is the subject of a separate paper to be developed PFR1R in coordination with CIA and Alet0106. The determination of how to use the U-2R's as they come out of production and also how to employ the remaining inventory 6 Approved For Release 2005/12/23 : CIA-RDP89600980R000600040008-7 Approved For Release 2005/12/23 : CIA-RDP891300980141)00600040008-7 of U-2C's are questions which need not be addressed at this time and can, in fact, be better addressed some months hence. Conclusions. The diminishing inventory of operationally available U-2 aircraft requires the following re-adjustments and procedures: ? 1. The assignment of an additional airplane to CIA to bring the complement 2. A reconsideration of the requirement for dual staging capability by CIA at Edwards. History suggests that this requirement may be excessive, or if it is not, the present inventory cannot support it. 4. CIA and AFIC10=-8 are already making every effort to insure the interchangeability of SAC and CIA aircraft through close consultation prior to making modifications designed to improve safety and survivability. This is important and should be continued. 5. One (perhaps two) of the 13-2's assigned to AFSC will be required in the operational units within the next year. Approved For Release 2005/12/2g: CIA-RDP89600980R000600040008-7 Approved For Rio lease 2005/12/23 : CIA-RDP891300980M00600040008-7 6. A new tr-2 buy should be initiated immediately. Recommendation. That the foregoing conclusions be approved. 8 Approved For Release 2005/12/23 : CIA-RDP89600980R000600040008-7 Approved For*I4elease 2005/12/23 : CIA-RDP891300980%100600040008-7 U-2 ATTRITION ATTRITION RATE YEAR AIRCRAFT LOST 1955 0 0.00 1956 4 2.83 1957 5 ..3.73 1958 4 3.81 1959 0 2.94 1960 2 2.87 1961 2 2.65 1962 4 2.83 1963 2 2.73 1964 5 2.97 1965 3 2.98 1966 (thru 30 June) 4 3.21 Approved For Release 2005/12/23 : CIA-RDP89600980R000600040008-7 1-1 IIM?11111111111111=MMIIIIIIMIll I 1_1 1 1 i 1 1 1 4 I 1 T 1 1 1 moor 1 II II 11 1 ? ,./111 t.' it f I 1 1 11 1 1, Ell. 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I I 179-1 1111M6 1 1 i MI = 14 II 41 II I 11 I III 1111 I 1 1114 I 1 1 1 1 I 1 1 I 1 I ILi 111 Ili Ill.4 I I 1 I 1 1 1 1 II 1 1 1 11 14 Ti It 1 1 I 1 III 11!1 I I 4 11 1 I I I i I I I I Ii I I 1If1 Ii I 11 111 I 1 4 I 1ii 1 III II i 1 I 1 1 1 114 I 1 , ammi III 14, I 1 I; 11 1'4 1 1 l 1 I 1 1 1 III lli I 11 1 1 11 141 li 1 11 I III I I 1 I II _III 1411 I Ii 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I II I 1 111 Ill 11 I T 1 1 1 I I 1 1 11 I I fl 1 II 1 11 11 III tIll Ii I I. 1 ? 1 TAB 2 e, Approved For Release 2005/12/23 : CIA-RDP89130098061000600040008-7 Extract from, NRO Paper to the President's Foreign Intelligenqg Advisory Board Submitted on February 4, 1966. On the basis of the past nine years of experience, the current world situation, and the expectations of world develop- ments over the foreseeable future (two-to-three years), it is reasonable to expect continuing requirements for U-2 photo- graphic reconnaissance under a number of different areas of the world. These requirements can be grouped into three general categories: (a) Strategic covert reconnaissance of areas not heavily defended by surface-to-air missiles. Included in this category are certain areas of Communitit China, the Sino-Indian border, 25X1 (b) Prompt coverage of criSis situations where de- fenses permit. Included in this category are situations previously Approved For Release 2005/12/23 : CIA-RDP89600980R000600040008-7 A Approved Forl4elease 2005/12/23 : CIA-RDP89130098014100600040008-7 experienced in areas such as Cyprus, India-Pakistan, and Cuba. Included in the crisis management program is the capability to monitor the course of developments on a fre- quent basis with rapid exploitation of the collected photo- graphic intelligence. (c) In support of tactical reconnaissance in situa- tions such as Laos and North Vietnam where the 13-2 can be used to get the basic photographic coverage, keep abreast of develop- 1'72. itiAM2007. ments, and provide intelligence support a;14,44.Q.maa;-a.a.gvreconnais- samce conducted by friendly forces actually engaged in tactical operations. Through long experience, the 13-2 has proven to be an economical means to obtain high resolution photographic re- connaissance on a prompt basis. Because of the aircraft alti- tude and range performance capabilities, it can, in certain situations, permit sufficient flexibility in flight planning to accommodate U.S. political restraints while still achieving the objective. In addition, the range of the aircraft and the flexibility of the ground support system, make it possible to conduct orderly reconnaissance on relatively short notice and with a minimum of political difficulties. Approved For Release 2005/12/23 : CIA-RDP89600980R000600040008-7 Approved ForRoalease 2005/12/23 : CIA-RDP89B00989a000600040008-7 11-2 MODIFICATION SCHEDULE ry 6, ,47 Y 6 7 I I y ?ef C Y 9 6 G 6 y fir,141 111111111 11111 ?1 I 1111111 liii . ..... 1 2. 11II 11 I I G, . I (a) 1 7, 8, I 9. 1111111 /0, 1/, I /a. . 11111111111 ab (a) AFS air (b) If e ui pr e to ?f set .:tt iti?n Approved For Release 2005/12/23 : CIA7RDP89B00980R000600040008-7