Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
December 19, 2016
Document Release Date: 
October 18, 2005
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
December 29, 1983
Content Type: 
PDF icon CIA-RDP91-00901R000400060001-0.pdf1.64 MB
Approved For Release 2005/11/28: CIA-RDP91-00901 ROO ON ?AGE /~-= BOSTON GLOBE FR 1.p;~11 '"')C-/ 29 December 1983 How to' be the hit of the New Year's Eve party ART BUCHWALD WASHINGTON - It's New Year's Eve Fand you're speechless. Stick this in your wallet or purse and become the hit of the party. - "My daughter gave up her Cabbage Patch doll for adoption." "If Ed Meese thought Scrooge was the victim of a bad press, remember what they did to Count Dracula." "I don't see how,you.people can cele- brate New Year's Eve when Premier, Na- kasone lost 36 seats in the Japanese elec- tions last week." "1 always cry at the end of 'Love Boat."' "George makes spare parts for the Pentagon." "Would anyone like to come over to our house after dinner :and see a video- tape of 'The Day After'?" "Try this cheese. We got It standing in lint at a government warehouse." "My kid. managed to break into the Chrysler computer and ordered it to ship 1000 trucks, to Lee lacocca's house for Christmas." "1 don't see why you have to have 'The Right Stuff to be an astronaut." "If you want to know what the Ger- mans really think of us, read 'Hitler's Diaries."' "You'll never get a nuclear arms trea- ty with the Soviets by sitting down and talking to them." "1. wish Ronald Reagan would grow a beard." - "Does anyone know if Andropov's health is improving?" "Shall we all drink a toast to Australia for winning the America's Cup?" "If I marry Joanna Carson, she'll nev- er get $50,000 a month out of me." "I'd rather have my 'kid learn how to play. football than worry about whether he was getting an education or not." "I think the media are doing one het- luva job, and I hope they keep it up." "Does anyone want to bet that George McGovern will be our next President?" "Can any of you remember where you were the exact moment James Watt re- tired as Secretary of the interior?" "I'd rather be nouveau riche than not "My son is suing his female boss for 11 sexual harassment." "We just got into a tax shelter with William Casev, director of the CIA" "Every time we buy land underneath a volcano In Hawaii, the damn thing blows up." "Did you hear the latest about Zsa Zsa Gabor?" "Allan put a dump truck in front of our driveway to stop terrorists, so now we. have to park our car in the.street." "No. Sidney didn't come tonight. He got drunk at his Christmas office party, and they called for a volunteer driver from the Safe Holiday Motor Pool, and she took him home to her apartment, and now they're living together." "I figure flying must. be safe or the Moonies wouldn't hang out at airports." "I got bored playing golf and tennis ed to become a lady barber." "I'll bet you there isn't a person in this room who knows how much I paid for this watch." "If everyone will shut up for one mo- ment, we'll tell you what our four-year- old grandchild said to us on Christmas Eve." "I'll show you my American Express card, if you show me yours.". "'Woody had a triple heart bypass be- fore the doctors discovered he was allergic to Orlon underwear." "I'd rather have a gender gap than a missile gap." . "Hey, everybody, it's midnight. Would you all loin me in singing the Grenada National Anthem?" Art Buchwald is a syndicated colurn- Approved For Release 2005/11/28 : CIA-RDP91-00901 R000400060001-0 Approved For. Releas , 0S1G1. f : RDP91-00901 R000 22 December 1983 ED Yp...kars der JTK-Khrush~h~v, tuba accord haunts U.S. policy By Ted Aore5 proceeds with modernizing its Nevertheless, Mr Reagan re- V"HiNG70N TIMES STAFF The Reagan administration, faced with a growing threat of So- viet missiles being deployed 10 minutes from the U.S. coast,-may be forced to decide soon whether agreements made 21 years ago with th e Russians are valid.- This assessment is based on se- cret documents obtained from the State Department and interviews with policymakers in the adminis- tration and Congress. At issue is the Kennedy-Khrush- chev agreement, in which the Sovi- ets promised to. remove their. offensive weapons from Cuba in re- turn for an American pledge to lift its blockade of the island and not to invade. The agreement also has been contingent upon the Soviet -Union not using Cuba to export in- surrection in the region. . The understanding has been a cornerstone of U.S. defense policy since the two leaders made the agreement in October 1962. But closely held documents, among some 2,400 pages locked in State Department files; reveal widely varying opinions held by U.S. officials over the years as to whether the Soviets have kept their part of the agreement. . Now concern is growing among senior government officials that the Reagan administration is.un sure how it should respond to new Soviet threats and activities in this hemisphere. Three Republican senators, James McClure and Steve Symms of Idaho and Jesse Helms of North Carolina, want President Reagan to disavow the Kennedy-Khrushchev agreement based upon Sovietabro- gation of it. They are lirging Mr. Reagan to use the disavowal as legal justification for whatever military action may be required to protect U.S. interests in the hemisphere. . For several months, Soviet offi- cials have been warning that they would deploy nuclear missiles off the coast of the U t d St nt c medium-range nuclear missile framed from invoking the forces in Europe, targeted on Soviet Kennedy-Khrushchev agreement bases and cities. in justifying the U.S. military ac- Installation of these cruise and , tion in Grenada. Instead, he cited Pershing II missiles began last concern for the safety of U.S. Sri. month, and the Soviets have since dents on the island and the request walked out of arms control nego- for assistance from West Indian is- tiations in Geneva, land states. One recent Soviet threat was de- Mr. Reagan has since incurred livered by Gen. Nikolai Chervov, criticism from many quarters for who warned that Soviet missiles this rationale, despite his wide sup- would be deployed within "10 min- port from the American public. utes" flying time of the United Secret documents relating to the States, most certainly based in the 1962 Kennedy-Khrushchev agree- hemisphere. ment obtained by The Washington Soviet spokesmen subsequently Times are part of some 500 doc- denied that Cuba would be used to uments, totaling 2,400 pages, se- base these missiles, but U.S. offi- questered in locked State Depart- cials are not convinced. Nor is the ment files. possible use of Soviet facilities in But neither the National other Latin American countries, in- Security Council, the U.S. ambassa- cluding Guyana, being dismissed. dor to the United Nations, the Joint President Reagan has twice pub- Chiefs of Staff, the Arms Control licly accused the Soviets of "abro- and Disarmaent Agency nor gating" the agreement, citing the members of the Senate have been introduction of "offensive weap-- allowed recent access to the doc- ons" in Cuba counter to the under- uments. standing. Reasons are murky. Richard Other senior officials, including Burt, assistant secretary of state CIA irector William Casey an for European affairs, who is said to Undersecretary oDefense P red be controlling access, did not re- Ikle have likewise charged the turn repeated calls to his office for accords have been vio aced and comment. "eroded away to nothing" due to So- The documents withheld from viet non-compliance. U.S. policymakers outline the vary- I'heSoviets arereported tohave ing interpretations of the on Cuba some .40 MG-23 and agreement during the past 21 MG-27"Flogger" fighter bombers years. Indeed, a secret legal analy- with nuclear capability, 12 TU-95 sis by the Carter State Department "Bear" heavy-bombers, nine air- in November 1978 concluded that fields to accommodate these and the Kennedy-Khrushchev "under- other bombers; a strategic nuclear standing ... has not been treated as submarine base at Cienfuegos and an international -agreement binding a Soviet combat brigade. in law" In all, the Soviets have about 52 The Reagan administration ana- operational nuclear. delivery sys- lysis, done for then-Secretary of tems in Cuba, nearly twice the num- State Alexander Haig in January ber they had in 1962. 1982, takes a different tac It ad- But what analysts consider most mits that "we have in the pa %aken important is that abrogation of the the position, at least interns 'that Kennedy-Khrushchev agreement the 1962 U.S.-Soviet exchanges gives the United States a "legal were not legally binding right" to take military action "to agreements" prevent aggression in the hemi- But it concludes, "It would be ill- sphere" fomented by the Soviet- advised to continue to foster the Cuban axis - this according to a view that these exchanges are less a~ ges, tar secret 1982 legal memorandum by geted on major UApprove d or~2ele2WS$1aFFAeI'"E3P91 Man legally binding under- Sta -001 ' OV4, 00060001-0 ,.: g4~ Ii ~i 4W'~,LgStTREET A roved For Release 20 1~-1 0901 ROO CIA's Blind Eye to the Pope Plo By CLAIRE STERLING The order of arrest for Mehmet Ali Acca signed last night by Attorney General Achile Gallucci accuses the Turkish ter- rorist of "an attempt on the life of a head of state .. , in concourse with other per- sons who remain unknown. " This last "is not just a precaution; it is more than that, " he said. (Judge) Luciano Infelisi, the examining magistrate who signed the warrant, said more explicitly: "For us, there is docu- mentary proof that Mehmet Ali Agca did not act alone." -La Stampa of Turin. May 15, 1981 (datelined Rome) Police are convinced, according to gov- ernment sources, that Mr. Agco acted alone. -the New York Times, May 15, 1981 (datelined Rome) He did not act alone. We know that now, since he has said so himself and the Italian judiciary has confirmed it. If not for Agda's testimony, no amount of fragmen- tary evidence would have convinced the world that the Bulgarian secret service, acting on behalf of the Soviet Union's KGB, conspired to murder the head of the Roman Catholic Church. Much of the world still refuses to believe it: because it seems unbelievable, and because the Western public. deliberately deceived by its own leaders, was led to conclude that there never was a conspiracy at all. It took less than 48 hours to mount the deception. Pope John Paul 11-was shot and very nearly killed in St. Peter's Square on the afternoon of May 13, 1981. The first official falsehood showed up on the morn- ing of May 15, in the New York Times, as cited above, and elsewhere in the interna. tional press. Distorted Image Alive and in prison, Mehmet All Agca was a time bomb, ticking' away until the inevitable day when he would be induced to talk. So began a singular Western effort to discredit what Agca might say before he said it, suppress the supporting evidence, _ dismiss him as an incorrigible liar of un- balanced mind. Why the governments of free rations should have gone to such lengths to shield the Soviet Union is a long story, told only in part here, of ingenuous expectations and self-inflicted defeats. How they did it is easier for me to explain than why. When the first arrests were made on the strength of his confession, in late No- vember 1982, his image was so effectively distorted that hardly anybody was pre- pared to believe him. Those who might have been willing to listen were discour- aged by semiofficial leaks to the press. A spokesman for Whitehall in London warned against crediting "convicts who sing to get out of jail." German and Israeli secret ser- vices were quoted in the New York Times as blaming the arrests on "doubtful infor- mation or downright disinformation." The CIA's deputy director in Rome was quoted in the Italian press as telling the interior minister bluntly: "You have no proof"- this last while rumors were spreading through Europe that Agca had been told what to say, secretly, in his prison cell, by the CIA itself. The world was left with a somewhat confusing yet somehow comforting image of the pope's would-be assassin that would j never quite fade. He was a Turk: that was something people would always remember. It made him truly a stranger in Western eyes, coming from an alien and indistinct Islamic land, stirring hazy visions of fierce mustachioed Ottomans, starving Arme- nians, and Ambleresque Byzantine in- trigue. Personally and politically, Agca was held to be everything and its opposite. P.ianetwide headlines had made him out to be at once an unregenerate neo-Nazi and a Moslem fanatic consumed with hatred for the Christian West; a cold professional killer already convicted of murder at home, and an irrational crackpot; a mem- ber of Turkey's right-wing Gray Wolves, who presumably travel in packs, and a loner-above all, a loner. That suited a great many people at top- most international levels who feared-in- deed assumed-that the truth, if uncov- ered, would prove to be awkward, un- timely, impolitic, inexpedient, and thus un- acceptable. Much the same reasoning had contrib- uted greatly to the global expansion of in- ternational terrorism over the previous de- cade. The argument went that detente must not be endangered by exposing the Russians' peccadilloes, that scolding them in public would merely bring out the worst in them-in effect that the KGB would go away if we would only be nice to it. The results could be measured year by year in the rising levels of terrorist equip- ment and proficiency, assured by the Rus- sians.. directly or through their surrogates. By 1981, practically all Western -govern- ments had a lengthy record of denying in public what they knew in private to be the provenance of these terrorists' training and weapons. Bigger and bolder terrorist strikes,?which they might be said to have brought upon themselves, did not deter them from this course. Judging by experi- ence, the pope's assailants might logically count on their continuing indulgence. The operation was evidently planned to simulate the kind of mindless terrorist hit that has gradually been accorded a kind of numbed acceptance, a hit designed not so much to eliminate e victim as-to' r n the audience. In this instance, however, the purpose was not to frighten the audi- ence but to eliminate the victim. It was PO terrorist hit at all. The setting was ar, elab- orate ruse. The assassin had been hired, and paid. He had no passionate ideological commitments, nor did his eri,ployers. who were simply agents of a foreign state. Would Western govern men+s-whatever their past performance-help to keep a se- cret of such magnitude? They would, and did. Faced with a crime of the highest in- ternational order, against the supreme leader of the largest organized church on earth, a crime committed on Vatican soil by a Turkish citizen, whose trail crossed at least seven national frontiers, the Italians were essentially left to deal with it alone. Neither the six other countries implicated directly nor any of Italy's natural allies made an urgent point of gathering relevant information, still less of passing it on to Rome. The papal shooting was "not a mat-, ter of intense scrutiny" for the CIA. said one of its senior officials in Washington. "It is an Italian matter, and it would be inappropriate for us to intrude." Vital leads were frequently ignored. knowledge infrequently shired, indispens- able evidence withheld. An establishmen- tarian longing to keep the lid on was ap- parent wherever I went. "Come., now. Whatever makes you believe there was any such thing as an international plot? Our police in Germany really don't see the attack on the pope as the big operation you seem to think it was," I was told with a tolerant smile by a ranking functionary of West Germany's Bundeskriminalamt. Agca "did not come from nowhere," the Court of Assizes in Rome declared: "Hid- den minds" had sent him. He was no "de- lirious ideologue," felt "no personal hostil- ity" toward the pope, and "not a word of the proceedings" had shown him to be a religious crank. Far from being crazy, he had "uncommon gifts of mental equilib- rium." His "spirit of discipline, profes- sional commitment, and skill in the use of lethal weapons" had made him an ideal instrument for the operation in St. Peter's Square-just that, and no more. It, the court's opinion, Agca had "merely been used as a pawn." Yet the cult of disbelief died hard, sus- tained by the one source that should by rights have been above suspicion. If any- body ought to be seizing triumphantly on the Russo-Bulgarian conspiracy theory, it was the redoubtable CIA. Precisely be- cause it had come to be seen so widely as the world's primeval anti-communist force (and prime evildoer besides), its excep- Approved For Release 2005/11/28 : CIA-RDP91-00901 R000400060001 -0 TAT Approved For Release 2005/11/28: CIA-RDP91-00901R USA TODAY 20 December 1983 Topic: INSIDE THE CIA William Casey, 70, is director of the Central Intelligence Agency. He began his intelligence ca- reer in 'orld War II, and then served in a va- riety of public and pri- vate jobs, including a State Department post and as a partner in a New York City law firm. He was interviewed about the activities of the CIA for USA TODAY by free-lance writer Morgan Strong. Public has positive attitude about CIA USA TODAY: What are the CIA's chief functions? CASEY: The agency's chief function is to produce intelli- gence-on matters of national in- terest that are important to the policymaking and decision- making process. We collect in- formation through various means, including such techni- cal means as photography, then evaluate, analyze and syn- thesize this Information to reach judgments. USA TODAY: Is the CIA the coordinator of all the govern- ment's intelligence activities? CASEY: As director, I'm charged with coordinating the activities of the intelligence community, which is made up of a group of organizations in- cluding the CIA, the Defense Intelligence Agency, Army, Navy, Air Force, the FBI, the Departments of Energy, Trea- sury, and State. The CIA is the primary assembler of all sources of Intelligence. The CIA also has a collection role, acquiring information openly and clandestinely, other agen- cies also collect information. USA TODAY: Isn't there some competition among the agencies, though? . CASEY: There's deliberate competition. We believe in competitive analysis, in the sense that we encourage the components of the community to come up with their own judg- ments. Then we meet in the National Foreign Intelligence - Board to sort it out and recon- cile differences. What we can't reconcile, we flag for the atten- tion of the policymakers. In that sense, we encourage com- petition. USA TODAY: Is there any tension among the intelli- gence agencies? CASEY: Very little. Today, I'm going to meet -with the heads of the agencies. We'll spend a full day sorting out problems. We meet each week to approve National Intelli- - gence Estimates. We look for differences and if they are sig- nificant, we make clear that they exist The only turf I have to protect is our objectivity. USA TODAY: There were differing estimates of the strength of the defenders dur- ing the Grenada invasion. Do policymakers sometimes ig- nore or misinterpret informa- tion provided by the CIA? CASEY: I don't think the Grenada example is a good one. Although there were no CIA officials on the spot, we had a number of sources on the island providing 'information regularly. There was never a difference in the intelligence" community (regarding Cuban strength) of more than 200. In- telligence is not an exact sci- ence, and there will be differ. ences. That's why we try to bring out the significant areas of disagreement and deter- mine the rationale and reasons for them. There is a danger if intelligence is ignored, but we've done a lot to minimize that. CASEY: We brief principal officials in government every day. We've. increased the num- ber of National Intelligence Es- timates to about 50 a year, up from about 12 a year in the late .1970s. These estimates are on the table when decisions are made. Sometimes this intelli- gence isn't given sufficient weight by policymakers, but there is a good give and take that provides assurance that it will be looked at and under- stood. The best assurance ... rests in a good relationship be- tween the intelligence people and the policy people. Now-this relationship is very close. Approved For Release 2005/11/28: CIA-RDP91-00901 R000D DQg1 Q , ARTICLE A FA For Release 2W 5h1M8TIbf39SRDP91-00901R000 07, PAGE 16 December 1983 PARIS, Dec. 15 - For years now, U.S. foreign policy in Central Amer- ica has been undermined by private or semi-private U.S. groups encour- aging the extreme right to disregard official Washington warnings. A senior State Department official said not long ago that it must be dreadfully confusing for the local politicians. They are told publicly that the U.S. supports democracy and reforms, and opposes death squads and wanton murder of peasants. But then they hear whispers from Americans who seem influential that all this talk is for public consumption, and that the U.S. backs anyone who fights Communists. The contradiction is widely knoax, in Washington. The private activities probably vio- late the Logan Act, passed in 1799 and still on the books. It forbids unauthor- ized ~U.S. citizens to deal with foreign governments in an attempt to influence foreign policy, which well-placed peo- ple were already trying to do in the earliest days of the Republic. Aaron Burr was an example. The act is con. sidered virtually unenforceable now. But there are disturbing signs that private involvement in covert actions has substantially expanded well be- yond Political and economic meas- ures, exemplified by the I.. T. in Chile before the Pinochet cp, to paramilitary activities. Whether or not this subverts U.S. policy depends on what the policy really is. In any case, such involve- ment-shields participants from the legal,-oversight mandated for spe- cially cleared Congressional commit. tees. According to Adm. Stanfield Turner, former C.I.A. Director, it also, probably blocks CLA.. control once operations are launched, risking runaway disasters. There is an argument in Washing- ton about whether the Administration is deliberately disguising an attempt to overthrow the Sandinista Govern- ment-in Nicaragua and help the far FOREIGN AFFAIRS Left Hand, Right Hand By Flora Lewis right elsewhere, or whether it is lax in reining in its own supporters. John Carbaugh, the busy former aide to Senator Jesse Helms, said flatly that the C.I.A. was totally in charge, sometimes through private contracts or by Accepting "contributions." These seem to include planes and possibly U.S. mercenaries sent to perform sabo- tage. Mr. Carbaugh has intimate knowledge of devious moves in Central America, but be doesn't hide his con- tempt for what the C.I.A. Is doing.- Philip Taubman-and"ff Gerth of The New York Times recently tracked several privately owned American planes involved in secret operations, but they haven't been able to pinpoint the source of the orders or the money. Argentine soldiers helped train "con- tras" in Honduras and plan attacks in Nicaragua before the Falkland war, but they are no longer available, Con? gressional sources say. The U.S. military and paramilitary network is now expanding through the region.' The Administration says it endorses the efforts of the Latin Contadora group to demilitarize Cen- tral America and promote negotiated settlements. But U.S. actions cast doubt on the declarations, even as Henry Kissinger and his commission tour the area preparing to recom- mend hugef economic aid to evolve moderate regimes interested in negotiating. It is easier to'see the political un- derpinning for the conflicting drive to the right. There are conservative "think tanks" in the Washington area that make a point of having good rela- tions with such ultras as Salvador's Roberto D'Aubuisson and Guatema. la's Mario Sandoval Alarcon, who are officially shunned by the U.S. because of their murderous reputations. Among them are the Council on Inter-American Security, the Ameri- can Security Council, and the Na- tional Strategic Information Center, the last organized in the 1960's by Wil- liam Casey, now C.I.A. Director. Re- tired U.S. military officers and for- mer C.I.A. officials are among their active members. They travel to Central America, and arrange high-level meetings for their friends when they come to Washington. These sessions are then used by the Latins to spread word that they have confirmed secret U.S. Government backing, despite public denunciations. U.S. ambassadors have confided that they are powerless to reverse the impact. If the policy is what the Adminis- tration announces, to promote moder- ate, democratic regimes capable of social and economic development that will head off Communist ad- vance, then it is being flouted by its servants and friends. If that is only lip service, it is not only deceiving the country and wasting a lot of money, it is compounding the danger. The jungle of intrigue, undercover attacks and provocation has helped make Central America the mess it Is. There have been no successes, More militarization, in collusion with cor- porations, covert or open with U.S. troops, diminishes the prospects of both security and freedom. Mr. Kis- singer should take the hidden side into account in his report. - STAT Approved For Release 2005/11/28 : CIA-RDP91-00901 R000400060001-0 UNITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL SA'~ FRANCI S C O Approved For Release 20OS/1r1 2 il6IA-R@ 1-00901R000 ADMINISTRATION EXEMPT FROM NEUTRALITY ACT, GOVERNMENT SAYS BY SUSAN GOLDFARB The U.S. Justice Department, claiming the Neutrality Act does not apply to the administration, says the Attorney General has the authority to decide whether the President broke the law in telling the CIA to conduct covert activities in Nicaragua. Attorney David Anderson of Washington D.C. asked a U.S. District jud e g Thursday to revoke his court order requiring the Attorney General to investigate whether Reagan violated the Neutrality Act. The federal lawyer said he would appeal to a higher court if the judge denies the request. Anderson argued that the Attorney General -- not the court -- has the discretion to decide whether or not to prosecute, even before any investigation is conducted. ''The department's judgment on the law of the Neutrality Act is that it does not apply to executive officials conducting foreign policy on behalf of the United States,'' Anderson said. U.S. District Judge Stanley A. Weigel said he would consider the matter and issue a ruling later. Anderson said he would.appeal to a higher court if Judge Weigel rules against him. Judge Weigel issued a ruling Nov. 3 ordering criminal investigation of the President and other high government officials in a case brought by Rep. Ronald Dellums, D-Oakland, and two other plaintiffs. If found guilty, the President and his -key advisers face up to three years in prison and fines of $3,000 each. The suit alleged President Reagan, Secretary of State George Shultz, CIA Director William Casey, Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger and other high government violated the Neutrality Act, which prohibits training civilians to overthrow a government with which the United States is not at war., Dellums earlier had asked Attorney General William French Smith to investigate the President for criminal activity but Smith refused, and Dellums went to court.' ''We assumed the Attorney General would conduct a good faith investigation,'' said Dellums' attorney, Jules Label. ''He has refused to do that. Instead, the government argues the President is not subject to the Neutrality Act, that he is above the law.' The United States has been conducting military training of Nicaraguan exiles in Florida since 1980, the lawsuit claims. Nicaragua is not a declared enemy of'the United States. According to Dellums, the plan provided at least $19 million -to 'finance covert paramilitary operations against the people of Nicaragua; train armies of ;10,000 to 15,000 Nicaraguan exiles in the United States and Honduras; conduct CIA intelligence activity and send hundreds of CIA agents and government officials to Hunduras" to assist in attempts to overthrow the Nicaraguan government. Approved For Release 2005/11/28 : CIA-RDP91-00901 R000400066001-0 STA ARTICLE tpE REOpplkoved For Release 20051f*AMM E -l 91-00O 1 iq~ 0 P~Z ~~, ._~ 15 December 1983 U U ` -. Utl sta probers run ' Hearin s k1)SeS But re set case cans have been interviewed, thou- sands f d i h 1 t of Carter papers By Nancy J. Schwerzler Washington Bureau of The Sun Washington A'House subcom- mittee investigating how Carter ad- ministration documents. ended up in the Reagan campaign is faced with a series of memory lapses by witnesses and. suggestions of partisan bickering over the way hearings next month on the panel's findings will be conducted. After nearly six months of investi- gation that began in a flurry of pub- licity laat summer, the House Human Resources Subcommittee, under Chairman Donald J. Albosta (D, Mich.), is near the end of its inquiries and is scheduled to hold hearings be- ginning January 26. The work of the subcommittee, which oversees ethics laws covering government employees and is prima- rily concerned with how those stan- s ' ocumen ave accumu a - .'ed from the campaign .and .personal files of top Reagan administration of- .ficials, and conflicting versions of paign official, and Paul Corbin, a events and conversations have been Democrat with ties to the Kennedy =uncovered. -family who was paid for some cam- one of Mr. Albosta's main con paign work for the Reagan organiza- ,cerns is that there may have,beenun won. Mr. Albosta, however, said he Authorized disclosure of sensitive ?na `mentioned the Corbin-Casey link pri- tibfial security data rluring theranr m closed di nl b it h b _ a y ecause as een s ,.an crisis that could have jeopardized .previously in media reports and that the safety-of American hostages. It>was, simply one of many matters Richard V. Allen, -President Rea-, 'being examined. gan's former national security advis- ._Mr. Corbin has been cited by some er and a former Reagan campaign of- 'witnesses as claiming credit for ob- ficial, has said publicly that he found taming the Carter briefing book, but in his files excerpts of material pre- he has denied it. Mr. Casey has denied pared by the Carter National Security !';receiving the briefing book from any- Council staff, but he has character- hone, but-other Reagan aides have said ized the material as "innocuous" and the briefing book came to the--cam- unclassified. .. . However, Zbigniew Brzezinski, the Mr. Albosta said one of the prob- -former Carter security adviser, has , lems investigators have faced is claimed that the staff reports usually memory lapses by witnesses. "I don't -contained highly.sensitive and classi- know really how you resolve it," he fled data, especially at a-time when said One of the functions of the hear- hill, who has participated in the start interviews of witnesses, acknowl- edged that he is not privy to the ma- jority staff's discussions. Mr. Albosta also said that investi- gators were looking into possible links between William Casey, the CIA dards might be improved, could be the Carter admnistration was con- tngs will be to highlight the "con- overshadowed, however, regardless sumed with the -hostage situation in flicts"between witnesses' versions of probe conducted by the FBI. 'The'FBI Reagan :campaign 'officials have - them. has-not yet released the findings of its also acknowledged that they were ex- Reagan administration officials investigation, although' it is believed tremely-concerned about what they - have often displayed detailed "memo-' to be near completion. called an October surprise" - a ry capacity" in other matters, he "We're not going to oversell it," sudden -step by President Carter,tosaid, but "all of a sudden they can't Micah Green, staff director of the win the freedom of-the American hos- remember something as important as subcommittee, says of the forthcom- tages and thus ride to reelection on a this." ing hearings. "We don't want to make crest of popular support The Repub- Although both sides say they are a mountain out of a molehill." --lican officals have maintained there not trying to turn the probe or next "I think it will prove to have much were no improper efforts to obtain se less interest to the press and public cret information, however. - thin when it began," Steve Hemphill, -` Mr. Albosta -said in an interview .counsel to the panel's Republicans that -his investigation was examining who has been monitoring the probe, whether unauthorized disclosures of said of the subcommittee investiga- sensitive security materials "could tion. have endangered the lives of the -hos- Those associated with the panel's tages?" investigation are reluctant to discuss "We're looking at that very, very or draw conclusions about the sub- "closely," he .said. "The public would stance of the inquiry how a brief- be very opposed to a group or individ- ing book intended. to prepare Presi- uals getting that type of information" dent Jimmy Carter for the October, and potentially using it for political date Ronald Reagan ended up in the possession of Mr. Reagan's campaign staff. The panel is also probing the apparent transfer of other materials from the Carter White House to the Reagan campaign organization. During the investigation, about 200 witnesses most of them Republi- a partisan battle, there are already signs of political tensions. Mr. Hemphill, the Republican counsel, has been keeping a tally of the political affiliations of the wit- nesses called .by the majority staff and says there have been twice as many Republican or Reagan-affiliat- ed witnesses as Democratic or Car- ter-affiliated witnesses. Mr. Albosta acknowledged that more Republicans had been inter-' sel for the subcommittee's .parent cause "that is where the statements Post Office and Civil Service Com- seem to be coming from." mittee, says that although the inquiry has focused on the hostage question, "I do not perceive it as being a very time-consuming portion of the inves- tigation." Nevertheless, Mr. Heinp- .OIV7r 47ED Approved For Release 2005/11/28 : CIA-RDP91-00901 R000400060001-0 Approved For Release 2005/11/28 : CIA-RDP91-00901 R000400060001-0 Mr. hlbosta said investigators had asked )MMr. Brzezinski and Jody Pow- ell, the former Carter administration press secretary, about "any leads they could give us on the Democratic side." He added, however, that "it's been very difficult at best to get any- thing from those people; I felt they really didn't know." "I don't see any gain for me or for the Democratic Party in this," the Michigan Democrat said of the probe. "Obviously, there is just as much fault in the Democratic camp for somebody to give out material as there is on the Republican side" to re- ceive it. Mr. Hemphill said Republicans were reserving the right to call their own witnesses at next month's hear- ings and that under committee rules they were entitled to at least a day of such testimony. The Democrats' wit- ness list has not yet been established. "I'll not turn this into a three-ring circus to please the minority," Mr. Albosta said. Although he hopes to work with Republicans in organizing the hearings, he said, he "will not yield to pressure" to turn them into a partisan event. "I think it strange they would consistently oppose this type of inves- tigation," Mr. Albosta said. Republi- cans on the panel have questioned the necessity of the probe, saying that if changes in ethics laws are truly the chairman's goal, they could be made by simply "assuming the worst" and rewriting the law accordingly,. -... Representative Donald J. Albosta (D, Mich.) has been working on probe for nearly six months. Assd.:.iatad Press/1980 CIA Director William Casey, for- mer Reagan campaign ride, has denied receiving Carter papers. Approved For Release 2005/11/28 : CIA-RDP91-00901 R000400060001-0 Approved For Release 2005/11/28 : CIA-RDP91-00901 R000400060001-0 Ak i ct,E - ON PAGE 'm % WASHINGTON TIMES 15 December 1983 'New York's super-social . by Democratic Rep. Bob Mrazek, has been brooding about taking another dive .at the twig. Well, dar- dings.' His last poll shows a 48 per cent "Negative" response, even. from His Kind of Folks. On the sunny side: Pals say this means that the adorable Larry Casey will take a shot at that very seat. Larry's not only an old Jack Kemp sidekick and a whizbang on the staff of Rep. George Wortley; he's also the nephew of CIA super- star Bill Casey who actually 'pitched for. that very seat back in ,'66, but never grabbed it. What aincredibly weeny world. Watch that space. Approved For Release 2005/11/28 : CIA-RDP91-00901 R000400060001-0 ARTICLE APPEA.I roved For Release 2209/lAgEgAA 591-00901R000 .ON PAGE 5 December 1983 Decision to Get Tougher Led to Bombing by T.S. By GEORGE SKELTON, Times Staff Writer orces, a White House official said. "No one in those meetings real- ized that, come Saturday morning, we would be faced with a classic attack on our forces," said the official, Robert B. Sims, public af- fairs director for the National Secu- rity Council. a" Reagan's decision to "generally toughen up the U.S. position" in .Lebanon, Sims noted, coincided WASHINGTON-The U.S. retal- Lebanese President Amin Gemayel. iatory attack on Syrian anti-aircraft ~'r? .ln his meeting with Gemayel, positions Sunday resulted from a Reagan urged that the Lebanese decision by President Reagan latex: become'more-aggressive and last week to get tough militarily in fake control of territory not occu- Lebanon in an effort to bolster the -pled by Muslim, Syrian or Israeli morale of the Lebanese government forces. This would assert Lebanese and army, Administration officials authority and help persuade the said. - ' Israelis that they could safely with- After having refrained for six draw their forces without having weeks from retaliating for the ter- territory near their northern border rorist bombing attack that killed 239 '.fall into the hands of pro-Syrian American servicemen at Beirut-air- elements, Reagan contended. port on Oct. 23, Reagan decided =, 'Here we were asking them to be during meetings Thursday and Fri- more forceful and we really hadn't day with his top security advisers tone 'very' much ourselves;' . said "to respond vigorously and prompt- one Administration official, who did IY" to the next assault on U.S. not want to be identified by name. "There was question of. our resolve by Gemayel and the Lebanese. The 'Lebanese probably are pleased now that we have taken decisive, con- crete action and shown we are not ina cut-and-run mood." 'Redouble Efforts' Sims said Reagan decided to "re- double our efforts in the spirit, of showing Gemayel.we are not giving up on Lebanon," He had also said that after an unsuccessful Nov. 17 attack on U.S. reconnaissance-planes, the Admin- istration had used diplomatic chan- nels to warn Syria "in forceful terms" that a similar future assault 'could prompt American retaliation. The U.S. representatives also told the Syrian government that the American planes will continue to fly reconnaissance missions, Sims said. The attack Saturday morning on two U.S. F-14 aircraft by Syrian anti-aircraft weapons, and 10 surface-to-air missiles, was stron- ger by far than any previous assault ,-on American planes in Lebanon, Sims said. Reagan's national security advis- er, Robert C. McFarlane, consulted with the Joint Chiefs of Staff and. Pentagon officials, and by late Sat- urday afternoon was ready with a retaliatory plan for Reagan's ap - proval. The President quickly ap- proved it. . McFarlane sat in on the Thursday and ay White House meetings, with Reagan, as;Bd Defense secre- ar Weinberger, ecre tary ? of State eor e - .' tz, Director William, J. Casey -an en.' ' John essev r., rmano e. to Joint hie sot A inistration officials said the' Israelis were neither consulted -nor advised about the retaliatory-attack. before it took place. Neither-did the Israelis consult with the United States before they hit Syrian targets Saturday, they said. The U.S. military, however, 'con suited in advance with the- Leba- nese and the other three nations represented in the multinational peacekeeping force Lebanon-ita- A Approved- For Release 2005/11/28 : CIA-RDP91-00901 R000400060001-0 7 Approved For Release 2005/11/28 : CIA-RDP91-00901R000 5 Decerber 1983 Air raids viewed as part of U.SAsraeli:acc~rci By Peter Almond WiSHW GTON TIMES STAFF LONDON - The Israeli and American air raids against Syrian targets in Lebanon are described here and in Israel as the first evi- dence of a U.S.-Israeli pact to force Syria to withdraw its troops from Lebanon. For the record, Israeli officials said yesterday they knew of no such pact, which would have been made by President Reagan and Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir in Washington last week. The Observer, a London Sunday newspaper, quoted "well-placed Western and Arab intelligence sources" as saying the United States and Israel have agreed to cut Syria down to size "by war if need ' be." The apparent political disarray caused by the mysterious illness of . Syrian President Hafez Assad has encouraged hawks in Israel and the United States to seize this moment to move against Syria, the news- paper says.. The Sunday Times quoted a "highly placed Middle East - source" as saying the new pact means the United ' States would come to Israel's aid in the event Moscow intervened in a Syrian- Israeli clash. The Sunday Times quoted its .source as sayin Secretary o State expand its authority outside Beirut days. Syria, he said, would receive and its suburbs increases the like- a "sharp blow." The Reagan-Shamir lihood of a nation permanently meeting, he said, would be critical divided between hostile religious for the. plan to go forward. factions. U.S. and Israeli planes hit Druze The illness of President Hafez positions in the Shouf mountains 10 . Assad of Syria compounds the and 11 days after that meeting. uncertainty with confusion. (Radio 'Moscow yesterday also Mr. Assad has not been seen in tied the escalation of U.S. and public since Nov 13, when he was Israeli air raids in Lebanon to said to have been taken into a hos- agreements purportedly reached pital for appendicitis surgery. But between the United States and sources in the Middle East say Mn Israel in Washington last week. Assad's appendix was removed in ("Observers connect the escala- Cairo in 1958, and that he may, in tion of the fighting by.the United fact, have suffered a serious heart States and Israel in Lebanon with attack. the new strategic agreements He appeared on Syrian television reached during the visit to Wash- last week, provoking such delight ington" of Mr. Shamir, the among his nervous supporters that Yesterday in Israel, the.newspa_ celebratory automatic gunfire, but per Ha'aretz reported a- similar the authenticity of his television version of a U.S.-Israeli agreement. appearance was doubted in Israel. Regardless of whether Israel and One Israeli source said the film, the United States actually signed a which did not record.his voice, also formal agreement last week in showed a senior Syrian military Washington, diplomatic and mili- official who was believed to be on tary sources said, .both nations military maneuvers elsewhere. could find several compelling rea- In London, The Observer said sons to act swiftly and decisively yesterday that Mr. Assad's condi- now against Syria: tion was serious enough that his ? For President Reagan, going family wanted to take him abroad into an election year, the continued for treatment - perhaps to Swit- presence of 1,600 U.S. Marines in zerland - but that the family had Beirut might be politically intoler- been unable to persuade Syrian able if there's no favorable end in intelligence experts, who fear he sight. The deaths of 239 Marines - may be assassinated. and now eight more, killed yester- Mr. Assad and his brother, Rifat, day - make the withdrawal of the his likely successor, are, hated by Marine contingent necessary. the' fundamentalist Moslem os d t - - - _ ? For Tcranl also exp e o atta k i d it c s an h ts than once to assassinate them. Mr. White House Chief of Staff James own dead to mourn, maintaining Assad crushed the Brotherhood's Baker III versuaded Dreg dear troops in southern Lebanon is uprising in Hama last year without Reagan to endorse the agreement becoming a liability as well. Israeli mercy. against the advice of Defense Sec- troops, digging into fortified posi ' The new fear of assassination retar for William Case ran CIA lions, have begun to assign respon abroad apparently stems from the sibility for their security to discovery last year that a group of The Sunday Times also reported Lebanese militiamen. As a result, British-based mercenaries had that the U.S.-Israeli agreement they are increasingly resented by been paid $15,000 to make a fea- lends credibility to remarks made Lebanese civilians. But they are'. sibility study of how to kill Rifat by a senior Israeli intelligence determined that Israeli soldiers Assad in Geneva, where he has a offical, to five leading Lebanese won't move back from the Awwali private home. Christian leaders whom he met'in River until Syria. withdraws its 'The same group of marksmen an Fast Beirut villa on Nov 23, that troops from Lebanon.. . _- _ _ also went to Damascus where they Israel would move against Syria in ? For Lebanon, to continue in the concluded that HafezAssad would the Shouf Mountains. in eight to 10 current situation invites disaster. b dff' 1 b h Damascus rang to the sound of e a t ICU t tar et ecause e Approved, For Re &` 1'Per, AJAR-Mb '1-0NQAMQ4~4 Q , 0le~copter. investment nese government's inability to Approved For Release 2005/11/28 CIA-RDP91-00901 R0004000 .ARTICLE APFLOM ON PAGE I Bobby Ray Inman Back in 1975, when was director of Naval Intelligence, he was invited by some Sen- ate staffers to come up to Capitol Hill and discuss the Soviet threat. The invitation :proved to be more compli cated than it appeared, as in- vitations to spies often do ... but let Inman tell the story himself: "After the , meeting, a staffer asked me to lunch. We went to a little restaurant on the back side of the Hill, and two characters slid into the seats next to us. They started talking to me, suggesting that if their companies got some contracts, they could be of great help to the Navy. I was just beginning to get incensed when one of them said, `By the way, I work for you."' Inman' was flabbergasted. The man -was -Edmund Wil- son, a hulking former CIA streaking between Washing- agent who belonged to the se- . ton and Austin. "The thought cret Naval Intelligence organ- crossed my mind," he says, ization known as Task Force gazing at his wan reflection in 157, whose members gathered the blackened window of the intelligence about harbors aircraft, "that Wilson might around the world. While try to do me harm." working for Task Force 157'. I - come a rich man, .owning a the director of a consor- Virginia horse farm, among tium of electronics and -~ known as MCC that is to procure illegal 'explosives . for Libyan terrorists and at- racing the Japanese toward tempt to have. some people the next generation of super- assassinated, but that's an- computers. When Inman. re= other story. tired last year as. deputy di- "I went back to the office," j rector of the Central Intelli- Inman ' says, ,and asked, gence Agency, he probably `Who is this guy?' That day I ' had more varied experience decided to terminate Wilson's in. analytical intelligence than contract." Inman had already yone. Though not a Naval decided to do away wit~ T kk Academy graduate Inman Force 157, to meet the irT6 s ed For Release 2065/11/28 WASHINGTON POST MAGAZINE 4 December 1983 BY JAMES CONAWAY E UL James Conaway is a staff writer for The Washington Post Magazine. budgetary requirements, but the meeting with Wilson con- vinced him that the decision was sound. "Later"-and Inman smiles the gap- toothed smile so familiar to congressional committees and intelligence operatives- "Wilson blamed me for a lot of his troubles." Inman was Wilson's an- tithesis,,principled to a fault, and so physically unassuming that as a child he was often beaten up in east Texas schools (until he helped two brawny classmates with their homework and learned the value of bodyguards).. Today Wilson is in prison and Inman is drinking Cali- fornia riesling in the first- class cabin of a Boeing 727 worked his way up through Naval Intelligence to become a four-star admiral, was named deputy director of the Defense Intelligence Agency in 1976 and then became the youngest director ever of the secretive, monolithic Na- tional Security Agency. He tried to retire in 1981, with 30 years of military ser- vice, but President Reagan personally asked him to take: the number - two job under CIA director William Casey. Inman agreed, but left the CIA a year later, to critical acclaim from congressmen and soldiers alike, some of whom feared that American intelligence was losing one of its most valuable assets. Inman resisted interview- ers while in government, but decided to talk about intelli- gence-gathering for the sim- ple reason that "it's an im- portant subject." His views on the men and the machines in the business are instruc- tive. Former CIA director William Colby says Inman "had all the jobs and never let the bureaucracy get in his way ... He respected the congressional prerogative, but was also concerned with keeping the necessary se- crets." "He's a consummate pro- fessional and a highly moral individual," says George Carver, who was deputy of national intelligence in the d O 97 s CIA in the mi -1 now a finger while deflating some senior fellow at the George- CIBQ~OOltiens about spies and tech- International Studies. "Bobby Inman has always. been an extremely articulate and able advocate of the true net interests of whatever agency he represented. That is a fair description of a good spy. "Articles saying that I'm a master spy are pure garbage," Inman says. "I've never rub a clandestine. operation.' But I've been an avid user of what. they produce." Disputes over covert action were cited as the reason Inman left the CIA; however, differences between him and Casey reportedly arose.from personality conflicts, rather than philosophy, and the natural differences between generations. Casey was drop- ping spies into Nazi Germany when Inman was a Texas whiz kid. Computers are as es- sential to the govern- ment Inman worked for as they are funda- mental to his new en- deavor, in a world where pri- vate enterprise and govern- ment service often overlap. His competitors might well be uneasy, given the admi- ral's vita. Inman insists he is no .longer in the business: "I'm not using any clandestine or technical sources to deter- mine what the Japanese are doing. I do know that wher- ever I go to speak, there are substantial Japanese in at- tendance." He looks like the class vale- dictorian, twisting a Univer- sity of Texas ring around his AT Approved For Release 2005/11/28: CIA-RDP91-00901R1 ARTICLE AFFEAM ON PAGE-_~,: 1.L... BARRY RUBIN WASHINGTON TIMES 2 December 1983 Untangling the Middle East snarls The Lebanon crisis, President After all, as t e U. . elections Palestinian-Jordanian state includ- Reagan's main foreign policy prob- come closer, public impatience ing most of the territories occupied lem, has provoked some major with the Marines' presence in by Israel since 1967. But the debates within the administration. Lebanon is likely to increase, so Mr. Saudis, the PLO, and Jordan Since Syria refuses to reach a nego- Shultz's opportunity to face down, refused to cooperate, making Pres- tiated agreement for withdrawing Syria may last for a limited period. ident Reagan look foolish and leav- its troops, the problem threatens to Syria knows that the United States j ing the United States with few drag on indefinitely, with about will not fight over Lebanon; attractive options. 1,500 U.S. Marines remaining in Damascus can merely wait until Further, contrary to State Lebanon under periodic attack. the United States grows tired of the Department reports, the Syrians SSecretarv of State George contest and goes away. At that showed little interest in negotiating Shultz seconded by National Secu- point, Syria could renew its domi- their way out of 'Lebanon even if Advisor (and former Middle nation over Lebanon - or at least Israeli withdrawal was assured. st negotiator) Robert _ M_ cFar- the larger portion of the country A disillusioned Mr. Shultz lane wants to take a tough stand in outside Israeli occupation - at a ordered a shake-up in the State Qrder to pressure Syria into some much lower cost. Department's Near East bureau fort of compromise. Secretary of Since Syria can outwait the and called for better ties between' Defense Caspar Weinber, er SUP- United States, Washington must the United States and Israel. Mr. ported by C IA Dire ctor--Win give Damascus a reason to move ' McFarlane, the new national secu- f A ev favors find, ng the fastest possible pretext for pulling tie toward resolving the issue. ?One rity adviser, fresh from the frustra- ~RA ible out of 13f or Ming t e -way to do this might be to escalate lions of trying to negotiate with the es jqftnL the conflict. Former Secretary of Syrians in Lebanon, took a similar Reagan has decided in Mr. Shultz's State Henry Kissinger publicly stand. The resignation of Prime !avar ateeast for a time e in suggested that the United States Minister Menachem Begin, who and this choice wi set the course should encourage Israel to stage had poor personal relations with QI ithL&1iLX&=o13cv in operations against the Syrians-or President Reagan and other U.S. rho months leading tin to the 1984 should even itself launch some officials, also aided improved presidential elegy; military activities. Such ideas were bilateral ties. Thus the period of An accident of timing helped set- not taken completely seriously by friction that began during Israel's tle the matter. The terrorist truck- the administration itself, since the invasion of Lebanon in July 1982 bombing attack on Marine dangers of setting off a larger Mid- was quite over by the autumn of- barracks in Beirut, killing 239 U.S. die East war cannot be taken 1983. soldiers, took place shortly after lightly. There is still some hope in Wash- Congress agreed to allow 18 What Mr. Shultz wants to do, and ington that the Syrian-backed months for leaving peacekeeping this makes sense in diplomatic revolt against Yasser Arafat's lead- forces in Lebanon. If the incident terms. is to frighten the Syrians ership in the Palestine Liberation had happened before the legisla- Organ might ac ushhPales - Reagan, pressure from Capitol Hill embroiling the United States in P g Jor-tinia to remove them would have been fighting. A number of steps are danian leadership and the Reagan much greater. As it happened, involved in this effort: increased plan. New steps were also taken to leadership indigenous despite public horror at the heavy U.S. flights over Lebanon, height- encourage on the West ank whi hmight losses, he does not face a signifi ened cooperation with Israel, on the West B forward h might cant challenge at home over the U.S Israeli and French airstrikes talks. role in Lebanon. against the eastern Lebanon base Still, the United States is not will- The terrorist attack against the. used to launch bloody car-bomb the Marines was designed primarily by 4, attacks against the soldiers of all Arab-Israeli Iconflcrttswhend the Iranian forces in Lebanon and their three states. Arab states themselves are not small group of Lebanese sympa- In calling for the US. -Israel willin to make co cessions are take thizers as part of what they deem a cooperation in Lebanon, and in the sks f r emcee co ments thatce continuing war with the American region as a whole, Mr. Shultz has P gu "Great Satan, but the Syrians undergone a dramatic turnaround. United have little and act when the countenanced such actions as a At the beginning of his term as sec- P means of pressuring the United retary of state, in August 1982, he PLO itself is split and Arab regimes insisted that some quick solution to did relatively little to save Mr. Ara- States calls to to pull leave out the Lebanon. Marines Ironically,only the Palestinian problem was fat from a drubbing at Syrian hands. Re, s encourage the Syrians to permit or needed before progress could be PLO leaders ofttheir will ne nessto encourage more such assaults on made on any other question. g the U.S. forces. The secretary of state made a grant the d U.S.S.R. bases any the matter er b by developing the Rea- Palestinian state also effort to make progress inclines Washington toward a more the gan plan - calling for a federated pro-Israel position. Approved For Release 2005/11/28: CIA-RDP91-00901R00040006O00?117 T ARTICLE . PEARED A o i 2005/11 /2g4_A9 RR1 1 2 December 1983 PACK BUCHANAN STAT All the president's niensches "See how these Christians love one another." TertulIian, Apologeticus bserving from a distance as the warring factions, tribes and sects of central Lebanon beleaguer and ? butcher one another with near monotony - Palestine Liberation Organization "rebels;' Arafat loyalists, Shi'ites, Sunnis, Druze, Maronites, Syrians, Phalangists, etc. - the sentiment of more and more bewildered Americans seems ,to be settling down to this: Let Lebanon be Lebanon, and let's get out. Yet, imagine, if you will, some Druze chieftain, high in the Shouf Mountains, attempting to sort out what the Americans - with their carriers and gunboats just outside Beirut harbor - are up to, from his careful study of several weeks' reports on President Reagan's pal- ace guard. Several weeks back, Bill Clark, the president's confidant and .friend,. startled Washington by -resigning his national security office, to escape the bloody feuding 'inside the West Wing- Hard upon Mr. Clark's announce- ment, chief of staff James Baker, his adversary, attempted a West Wing coup, supported by allies .Michael Deaver and Richard Dar- man, in which, it is said,' the first lady was involved. Mr. Baker was to move to the National Security .Council; Mr. Deaver - the treacherous "Lord Chamberpot" in -the demonology of the New Right would become chief of staff; the "moderates" would control the pal- ace. Alerted. Mr. Clark rallied U.N. Ambassador Jeane Kirkpatrick. Defense Se r .tan' Ci spar Wein- er er and CIA Director William . C sev. who blocked the takeover advancing Mrs. Kirkpatrick ac Mr. Clark's successor. after a brief. fierce struggle, the position went to 4r. Clark's deputy. Bud McFarlane. ? Before leaving for the Interior Depai-tment, however, Mr. Clark set. a time. bomb ticking inside the locker of the moderates, whose bomb took the form of a criminal investigation -by .the FBI of a leak from the National Security Council which reported that Mr. McFarlane - then Mideast negotiator - had advanced the idea of U.S. air strikes on some of the very parties with whom he was negotiating, thereby threatening not only Mr. McFar- lane's mission, but his life. That the time bomb threatens the moderates would seem evident from the fact that Ed Meese, their old antagonist, is pressing the investigation, while the White House press corps, de facto allies of the Baker-Deaver-Darman clique, are dismissing the leak as insignificant. The moderates themselves how- ever, are no strangers to ar ThrouQ is affidavit to the A boats Committee, looking into the. pur- loined Carter briefing book. Mr. Baker - who received and handled the fruits of the breach of trust for the Reagan campaign - pointed the finger of suspicion directly at CIA Director Casey Casey as the source. Yet, Mr. Baker, who volunteered for a polygraph test in.. the briefing- book caper, seems less enthusiastic over the use of lie detectors in the NSC leak. Meanwhile, Communications Director David Gergen, who.leads the White House in threatened res- ignations (though the Kissinger record, like DiMaggio's 56-game hitting streak, %- will never be equaled), has threatened 'again, over the internal trashing he received for reportedly having "panicked" over the ABC film, The Day After. Seeing the film as poten- tial disaster for the administration, Mr. Gergen organized a public rela- tions counteroffensive which hyped ABC's rating; and then shoved Sec- retary of State George Shultz out in front of 100 million television view- ers to explain why President Rea- gan's nuclear buildup was just,the thing to prevent the Kansas City holocaust they had just seen sim- ulated on their screens. Mr. Gergen is also said to have been personally mortified by hav- ing been cut-out of the pre-Grenada loop and subsequently having been Speakes is likewise reported to have threatened resignation over Grenada, though his deputy; Les Janka, said to be responsible for said report, was either fired by Mr. Speakes or resigned on principle, depending on whose leak you trust. Last weekend came Mr. Meese's turn again. Saturday morning, in the always receptive Washington Post, the Baker-Deaver-Darman crowd dumped on the White House counselor for near-terminal incom- petence. "Civil rights. is our cham- ber of horrors;" a "White House official" was quoted: "As Pogo would say, we have met the enemy and he is us. The civil rights groups didn't beat us. Ed Meese made a mess of it" A related Monday story in The New York Times reported that "personal insults have become common" as a form of communica- tion in the president's official fam- ily. With Mr. Reagan's approval rating reaching, in one national survey, 65 percent - an astonish- ing, unrivaled figure for a modern president late in his third year - maybe the White House staff is less important than it pretends, less sig- nificant than the rest of us some- times make believe. aggressions had wearied him and given only scraps to feed a ravenous eventually driven him o P ~ Fo JId f 4 : CIA-RDP91-00901 R000400060001-0 Approved For Release 2005/11/28 CIA-RDP91-00901 WASHING IONIAN December 1983 God and Man at chair, author of The Marriage of Figaro and The Barber of Seville. It was Beaumarchais who persuaded a reluctant King Louis XVI to aid the American Revolution by making it ap- pear that the French funding came from private citizen Beaumarchais, not from the French government. In a persuasive letter to the king, which is in the CIA's Historical Intelligence Collection, the dramatist presented the moral case for covert action: "Generally speaking there is no doubt that any idea or project that violates jus- tice must be rejected by a man of integ- rity. But, Sire, State policy is not the same as private morality... . "If men were angels, we ought no -How Does an Intelligence Agent Reconcile A Religion? The CIA Has Thought a Lot About It, and Has Concluded That the Bible and God Are on Their Side. By Dale Van Atta After the cornerstone of the Cen- tral Intelligence Agency's head- quarters in Langley, Virginia, had been laid in 1959, CIA Director Al- len Dulles cast about for a suitable inscription. What message, he won- dered, would be most apropos to . grace the foyer of this $46 million monument to spying? Eventually Dulles settled on the Biblical quotation now carved in marble on one side of the entrance hall; "And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free. John ViII- XX3GI.,, ironic words, given that the CIA is the one American institution whose mission often demands distortion of the truth. The agency plants misinformation in newspapers, magazines, and books throughout the world; routinely its agents misrepresent themselves to gather the in- formational gold that is the currency of espionage; it once encouraged its em- ployees to he to Congress; and it has enshrined slippery former director Rich- ard Helms as the CIA soldier most wor- thy of emulation. That so many CIA em- ployees miss the irony of the Biblical inscription is testimony to the capacity of human beings to disregard a moral code when they're in the service of a cause or of a state. Most CIA employee recruits hear the "basic speech," during which instruc- tors, describing espionage as a worthy calling, proclaim that to be patriots they must work in silence and without ac- claim. The speech calls spying the world's second-oldest profession ("and just as honorable as the fast"), adding that God Himself founded the calling when Moses sent leaders of the twelve tribes to "spy out the, land of Canaan." doubt to despise or even detest politics. But if men were angels, they would have good among the wolves would soon be devoured along with his flock." The Frenchman's point that covert ac- tion-and intelligence itself-is a "nec- essary evil" is further emphasized by CIA instructors who eulogize one of his American contemporaries, Nathan Hale, the Revolutionary War hero who, posing as a Dutch schoolteacher behind British lines, was captured and hanged for spying. His statue stands outside CIA headquar- ters today, and his words have been so inspirational to some agents that one for- mer senior official carried this Hale speech in his wallet: "I wish to be useful, and every kind of service, necessary to the public good, becomes honorable. by being necessary. If the exigencies of my coun- try demand A peculiar service its l i_- c a In a less well-known reference, CIA or laws to govern them,. or soldiers to to F From Hale's day until the founding of officials like to note that America may subdue them, and the earth, instead of the CIA in 1947, this country had re- owe her existence to the covert action of being a living image of hell, would itself sisted establishing a full-time intelli- Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumar- be a region of heaven. But in the end we gence organization. Pearl Harbor and Date Van Atta is a lack tpp-s eahfor R~ b1 1f28kE RDR9li4) 90'1P&U QQQQ4iWever, overcame ape ng in national-security issues, including ng who one wished to be absolutely America's reluctance. Through public ap. the . CIA. just among the wicked and to remain proval of the CIA has never been whole-