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Document Creation Date: 
December 22, 2016
Document Release Date: 
January 7, 2011
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Publication Date: 
December 2, 1982
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Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/01/07: CIA-RDP97M00248R000401050001-0 STAT Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/01/07: CIA-RDP97M00248R000401050001-0 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/01/07: CIA-RDP97M00248R000401050001-0 SUSPENSE Date. .. STAT x6 1 - Z ) EXECiJTIVE SECRETARIAT Routing Slip 6 DDA ?'~ 1_.7.ODO Comet. ; ,, D/EEO:- 0/Pers: .' . 1510/0 EA, , 16 C PAO/OEA 17 1S 19 6 December 1982 Dote Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/01/07: CIA-RDP97M00248R000401050001-0 .3 VDOS&T 'AINW 'ANNF- -Adompl- -AAWV-- -law'-71 , ~ Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/01/07: CIA-RDP97M00248R000401050001-0 CIA TS820360 Cy 2 No. NSDD 71 COPY 44 (CIA) NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL INFORMATION Notice The attached 'document contains classified National Security Council Information. It is to be read and discussed only by persons authorized by law. Your signature acknowledges you are such a person and you promise you will show or discuss information contained in the document only with persons who are authorized by law to have access to this document. Persons handling this document acknowledge he or she knows and understands the security law relating thereto and will cooperate fully with any lawful investigation by the United States Government into any unauthorized disclosure of classified information contained herein. Access List DATE PIAKAG DATE NAME 25X1, Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/01/07: CIA-RDP97M00248R000401050001-0 " Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/01/07: CIA-RDP97M00248R000401050001-0 r TAn Arnnrr UNCLNISSIFIED when blank-TOP SECRET when attached to Top Secret Document-Automatically downgraded or declassi- fied when filled in form is detached from controlled document. CONTROL AND COVER SHEET FOR TOP SECRET DOCUMENT DOCUMENT DESCRIPTION REGISTRY SOURCE NSC CIA CONTROL NO. 1%04mb~ DOC. NO. 90929 DATE DOCUMENT RECEIVED DOC. DATE Dec t$Z 6 Dec 82 COPY NO. ;is LOGGED BY NUMBER OF PAGES NUMBER OF ATTACHMENTS ATTENTION: This form will be placed on top of and attached to each Top Secret document received by the Central Intelligence Agency or classified Top Secret within the OCIA and will remain attached to the document until such time as it is downgraded, destroyed, or transmitted outside of CIA. Access to Top Secret matter is limited to Top Secret Control personnel and those individuals whose official duties relate to the matter. Top Secret Control Officers who receive and/or release the attached Top Secret material will sign this form and indicate period of custody in the left-hand columns provided. Each individual who sees the Top Secret document will sign and indicate the date of handling in the right-hand columns. REFERRED TO RECEIVED RELEASED SEEN BY OFFICE. SIGNATURE DATE TIME DATE TIME SIGNATURE OFFICE/DIV. DATE NOTICE OF DETACHMENT: When this form is detached from Top Secret material it shall be completed in the appropriate spaces below and transmitted to Central Top Secret Control for record. DOWNGRADED DESTROYED DISPATCHED (OUTSIDE CIA) TO BY (Signature) TO BY (Signature) WITNESSED BY (Signature) BY (Signature) OFFICE DATE OFFICE DATE OFFICE DATE FORM 26 use PRev,ous coItION6. 8-73 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/01/07: CIA-RDP97M00248R000401050001-0 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/01/07: CIA-RDP97M00248R000401050001-0 (%J IUP ~~ ~~~ SYSTEM II 90929 THE WHITE HOUSE December 2, 1982 MEMORANDUM FOR THE.HONORABLEGEORGE P. SHULTZ The Secretary of State. THE HONORABLE'CASPAR W. WEINBERGER The Secretary of Defense THE HONORABLE WILLIAM J. CASEY Director of Central Intelligence GENERAL JOHN W. VESSEY Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff SUBJECT: NSDD-71: U.S. Policy Toward Latin America in the Wake of the Falklands Crisis (S)- The President has approved National Security Decision Directive'?71 (NSDD-71), subject as above. A copy of the approved NSDD is attached. Please ensure special handling of this document to prevent unauthorized disclosure. (S) Attachment NSDD-71 TS 820360, CY Qe- of Cys TOP SECRET - A Of Declassify on: OADR Tf D Crrpu Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/01/07: CIA-RDP97M00248R000401050001-0 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/01/07: CIA-RDP97M00248R000401050001-0 TOP SECRET IW t K L 1 SYSTEM I I ~+ 90929 November 30, 1982 Nat ona.e Secun.ity Deems-Lon Di.nee ive 71 U.S. Policy Toward Latin America In the Wake of the Falklands Crisis (S) The Falklands crisis has strained relations with several Latin American countries and resulted in uncertainty regarding the long-range policy goals of the United States in the region. This in turn has increased the potential for instability in Central and South America. (C) U.S. national interests in Latin America and the region dictate policies that achieve the following objectives: ? a region free of Soviet-dominated or hostile governments; ? the development of stable and democratic political systems and institutions which promote respect for basic human rights; ? cooperative bilateral relations to deal with security and other issues flowing from geographic proximity; ? advancement of major U.S. trade and investment; ? access to raw materials; ? prevention of nuclear proliferation; ? maintenance of stable balances of power among the states in the region; and ? receptivity to U.S. leadership. (S) Achieving these objectives has been complicated by the Falklands crisis. Accordingly, our policy must be aimed at ameliorating the following specific problems: o Instability and irredentism in Argentina, which implies new opportunities for the USSR to gain access to a strategic position in the Southern Cone; ? Disillusionment with U.S. leadership in Venezuela and elsewhere, which provides tempting opportunities for Cuba to reduce its inter-American isolation; TOP SECRET Declassify on: OADR cy of . COP eS Tnn crc'nr CIA Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/01/07: CIA-RDP97M00248R000401050001-0 _ ( OW AW TOP SECRET IUN LURL1 ? The need to improve U.S. relations with Brazil, recognizing Brazil's increased importance as a potential stabilizing. factor in South America at a time when mounting economic and financial difficulties are eroding our ties and influence there and in the region as a whole. ? The vulnerability of burgeoning free enterprise economies and. developing.pol.itical institutions to radical insurgent movements supported by the Soviet Union and/or its surrogates. - ? The interdiction threat to U.S. aerial and maritime routes in the Caribbean Basin by potentially hostile airbases and the introduction/augmentation of Soviet Bloc tactical aircraft and weaponry. (TS) In redressing these problems, the highest priority for the United States will continue to be the reduction -- and. eventual elimination -- of the influence and presence of the Soviet Union or states in our immediate environs -- Central America, its the client Caribbean and Mexico. This will be accomplished through a coordinated application of our diplomatic, economic, military, intelligence and informational resources in the Caribbean Basin and Central America. (TS) Our second priority is to restore and reassert United States in- fluence in South America. To this end we will: ? Maintain our diplomatic position on the fundamental Falklands issues as it existed prior to the crisis. Specifically: The U.S. will continue as a neutral on the question of sovereignty over the'islands and support negotiations, mediation or other peaceful efforts to resolve this dispute; ? Attempt to preserve a regional political and military balance, by seeking certification for Argentina and Chile, as eligible for U.S. military sales, jointly if possible, and as early in the new Congress as feasible. In order to progress on this initiative, the State Department will intensify efforts to resolve those issues that currently proscribe arms transfers to Chile and Argentina. ? Rebuild a close relationship with Brazil, through: increased Cabinet-level, government-to-government consultations renewed cooperation in economic trade and military training enhanced cooperation in science and technology (particularly space activities) a dialogue on-nuclear issues, and exploration, over time, of arms co-production agreements. TOP SECRET Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/01/07: CIA-RDP97M00248R000401050001-0 l 5 !!!0i l'rB?!R9 9 Cv Ot= W-C0P'c5 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/01/07: CIA-RDP97M00248R000401050001-0 _ mr1i C! TOP SECRET Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/01/07: CIA-RDP97M00248R000401050001-0 To develop this process, the U.S. will seek appropriate positive action by Brazil on the issue of nuclear non-proliferation (e.'g., restraint in exports to sensitive regions and progress in dis- cussions on the Treaty of Tlatelolco and safeguards). We will further attempt to resolve the matter of nuclear supply and permit resumed nuclear cooperation with Brazil. As contacts on these issues show progress, in order to encourage significant movement on non-proliferation concerns, consideration will be given to seeking waivers to the Glenn/Symington amendment, permitting enhanced military training cooperation. ? The U.S. will continue to seek prevention of regional arms races, to preserve sub-regional arms balances and to upgrade bilateral military ties. In order to support the legitimate security needs of democratic governments, the Department of State, in coordination with the Department of Defense, will use flexibility, within NSDD-5 guidelines, to respond promptly to arms transfer requests. Measures will.specifically be taken to reduce Peru's dependence on Soviet arms supplies. ? Within resource constraints, the U.S. will maintain assistance efforts in such economically weak states as Bolivia, Ecuador, and Paraguay. (S) The aforementioned program -- aimed first at the Caribbean Basin/. Central American region, and second at South America -- will be effected in concert with the following overall hemispheric actions: ? The United States will pursue more-active bilateral diplomatic contacts throughout the continent in order to stay efforts to alter the Inter-American System. We will use?a series of ad hoc bilateral cabinet-level meetings with substantial -- though not exclusive -- economic focus to show that dialogue with the U.S. is possible. Our Caribbean Basin Initiatives will serve as the framework for these discussions with the Central American States. In South America, the U.S. will lead with Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Venezuela, and then Argentina. Throughout, our goal is to support free enterprise economies and foster the investment and trade necessary to their growth. ? U.S. global sugar policy will be reviewed to assess its foreign and domestic impact on states in the region. If advantageous to our foreign policy goals, consideration will be given to establishing more flexible sugar import levels. ? We will use our influence through traditional diplomatic channels to promote development of democratic institutions and human rights in order to facilitate U.S. public support for expanded, closer relationships with the governments concerned. TOP SECRET rnP FCRET `?~I w Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/01/07: CIA-RDP97M00248R000401050001-0 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/01/07: CIA-RDP97M00248R000401050001-0 TOP'S SECRET -TOP SECRET o A concerted effort will be made to increase U.S. military influence in the hemisphere through promotion of U.S. military training and doctrine, greater use of small mobile training teams, expanded military personnel exchanges and increased International Military Education and Training (IMET) resources. To implement this program the Department of Defense, in cooperation with the Department of State and the Director of Central Intelligence will develop a comprehensive prioritized list of defense requirements, by country, and propose a strategy for implementation. ? ' In,order that we can take a pro-active stance in our relations with Central and South American states, the DCI will improve intelligence collection on and analysis of Soviet bloc and Cuban actions which may create internal instability or problems in bilateral relations with the U.S. (TS) TOP SECRET 5 r.? ,~S _V p Tnn erPnr7 cy e Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/01/07: CIA-RDP97M00248R000401050001-0