This is a study of the CIA’s relationship with Congress. It encompasses the period from the creation of the Agency until 2004—the era of the DCIs. When Congress created a new position in December 2004—the director of national intelligence—to supersede the director of central intelligence (DCI) as head of the US Intelligence Community, it necessarily changed the dynamic between the CIA and the Congress. While the director of the Agency would continue to represent its interests on Capitol Hill, he or she would no longer speak as the head of US intelligence. While 2008 is too early to assess how this change will affect the Agency’s relationship with Congress, it is safe to say it will never be quite the same.
This study is not organized as one might expect. It does not describe what occurred between the Agency and Congress in chronological order nor does it purport to describe every interaction that occurred over the period encompassed by the study. Rather it attempts to describe what the relationship was like over time and then look at what it produced in seven discrete areas in 11 chapters:
- The Nature of the Relationship, 1946–76
- The Relationship, 1976–2004
- Intelligence Sharing and Other Interaction
- Organizational Arrangements at CIA
- Program and Budget
- Oversight of Analysis
- Oversight of Collection
- Oversight of Covert Action
- Oversight of Security and Personnel Matters
- The Senate Confirmation Process
Mr. Snider is a graduate of Davidson College and the University of Virginia School of Law.