Intelligence Studies

Volume 64, No. 1

March 2020

Unclassified Extracts from Studies in Intelligence

Historical Perspectives

Lasting Wisdom of the Ancients

*Traditional Chinese Conceptions and Approaches to Secrecy, Denial, and Obfuscation

Ralph D. Sawyer

The linguist and scholar of classical Chinese literature on what would today be considered national security topics, explores the classics for understanding of the ways in which the ancients thought of secrecy, denial, and obfuscation. Much of their thinking continues to make sense today.

Countering Foreign Denial and Deception

*The Rise and Fall of an Intelligence Discipline and Its Uncertain Future

James B. Bruce

A former official responsible for analysis of the denial and deception techniques of modern adversaries, especially those of the Soviet Union, reviews the history of this unique analytical discipline and worries about its present state of effectiveness.

The Secret War in SE Asia

*Secret Warriors: Thai Forward Air Guides in the US War in Laos

Paul T. Carter


Capt. David Belt, USN (Ret.) is a retired Naval intelligence officer. He currently serves on the faculty of the National Intelligence University.

James B. Bruce served in various D&D assignments for half of his 24-year career. He has served in the National Intelligence Council, the CIA’s Directorates of Intelligence (Analysis) and Operations. He retired as a senior intelligence officer in 2005.

Paul T. Carter is a graduate student in history. He is a former Defense Intelligence Agency officer.

Leslie C. is an officer in CIA’s Directorate of Operations.

Kevin Davies holds a Master of Arts Degree in Defence Studies from the University of South Wales at the Australian Defence Force Academy.

Matthew D. Jacobs serves in the Office of the Director of National Intelligence.

John Kavanagh is a retired officer of the CIA’s Directorate for Operations.

J. E. Leonardson is the penname of an analyst in CIA’s Directorate of Analysis.

Hayden Peake has served in the CIA’s Directorates of Operations and Science and Technology.He has been compiling and writing reviews for the “Intelligence Officer’s Bookshelf”since December 2002.

Ralph D. Sawyer is an independent scholar and consultant specializing in Chinese military and intelligence issues who has extensive intelligence experience in Asia.