Antigua and Barbuda

Country Summary

2022 population pyramid



The Siboney were the first people to inhabit the islands in 2400 B.C., but Arawak Indians populated the islands when COLUMBUS landed on his second voyage in 1493. The islands became an independent state within the British Commonwealth of Nations in 1981.



total: 443 sq km

land: 443 sq km

water: 0 sq km


tropical maritime; little seasonal temperature variation

Natural resources

NEGL; pleasant climate fosters tourism

People and Society


100,335 (2022 est.)

Ethnic groups

African descent 87.3%, mixed 4.7%, Hispanic 2.7%, White 1.6%, other 2.7%, unspecified 0.9% (2011 est.)


English (official), Antiguan Creole (an English-based creole)


Protestant 68.3% (Anglican 17.6%, Seventh Day Adventist 12.4%, Pentecostal 12.2%, Moravian 8.3%, Methodist 5.6%, Wesleyan Holiness 4.5%, Church of God 4.1%, Baptist 3.6%), Roman Catholic 8.2%, other 12.2%, unspecified 5.5%, none 5.9% (2011 est.)

Population growth rate

1.15% (2022 est.)


Government type

parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realm


name: Saint John's

Executive branch

chief of state: King CHARLES III (since 8 September 2022); represented by Governor General Rodney WILLIAMS (since 14 August 2014)

head of government: Prime Minister Gaston BROWNE (since 13 June 2014)

Legislative branch

description: bicameral Parliament consists of:
Senate (17 seats; members appointed by the governor general)
House of Representatives (18 seats; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote to serve 5-year terms)


Economic overview

dual island-tourism and construction-driven economy; emerging “blue economy”; limited water supply and susceptibility to hurricanes limit activity; improving road infrastructure; friendly to foreign direct investment; looking at financial innovation in cryptocurrency and blockchain technologies

Real GDP (purchasing power parity)

$1.76 billion (2020 est.)

Real GDP per capita

$18,000 (2020 est.)

Agricultural products

tropical fruit, milk, mangoes/guavas, melons, tomatoes, pineapples, lemons, limes, eggplants, onions


tourism, construction, light manufacturing (clothing, alcohol, household appliances)


$1.15 billion (2018 est.)

Exports - partners

Poland 37%, Suriname 33%, United Arab Emirates 8% (2019)

Exports - commodities

ships, refined petroleum, precious/semi-precious metal scraps, rice, corn (2019)


$1.12 billion (2018 est.)

Imports - partners

United States 39%, Poland 16%, China 7% (2019)

Imports - commodities

refined petroleum, ships, cars, precious/semi-precious metals, recreational boats (2019)

Exchange rates

East Caribbean dollars (XCD) per US dollar -

Page last updated: Thursday, December 15, 2022