2022 population pyramid



The French colony of Ubangi-Shari became the Central African Republic upon independence in 1960. After three tumultuous decades of misrule - mostly by military governments - civilian rule was established in 1993 but lasted only a decade. Peace agreements signed in 2017 and 2019 between the government and armed factions have had little effect and armed groups operate openly.



total: 622,984 sq km

land: 622,984 sq km

water: 0 sq km


tropical; hot, dry winters; mild to hot, wet summers

Natural resources

diamonds, uranium, timber, gold, oil, hydropower

People and Society


5,454,533 (2022 est.)

Ethnic groups

Baya 28.8%, Banda 22.9%, Mandjia 9.9%, Sara 7.9%, M'Baka-Bantu 7.9%, Arab-Fulani (Peul) 6%, Mbum 6%, Ngbanki 5.5%, Zande-Nzakara 3%, other Central African Republic ethnic groups 2%, non-Central African Republic ethnic groups .1% (2003 est.)


French (official), Sangho (lingua franca and national language), tribal languages


Christian 89%, Muslim 9%, folk religion 1%, unaffiliated 1% (2020 est.)

Population growth rate

1.78% (2022 est.)


Government type

presidential republic


name: Bangui

Executive branch

chief of state: President Faustin-Archange TOUADERA (since 30 March 2016)

head of government: Prime Minister Felix MOLOUA (since 7 February 2022); note - Prime Minister Henri-Marie DONDRA resigned on 2 February 2022

Legislative branch

description: unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (140 seats; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by absolute majority vote with a second round if needed; members serve 5-year terms)


Economic overview

enormous natural resources; extreme poverty; weak public institutions and infrastructure; political and gender-based violence have led to displacement of roughly 25% of population; Bangui-Douala corridor blockade reduced activity and tax collection; strong agricultural performance offset COVID-19 downturn

Real GDP (purchasing power parity)

$4.483 billion (2019 est.)

Real GDP per capita

$900 (2020 est.)

Agricultural products

cassava, yams, groundnuts, taro, bananas, sugar cane, beef, maize, plantains, milk


gold and diamond mining, logging, brewing, sugar refining


$113.7 million (2017 est.)

Exports - partners

China 41%, United Arab Emirates 19%, France 7% (2019)

Exports - commodities

lumber, gold, diamonds, sea vessels, cocoa paste (2019)


$393.1 million (2017 est.)

Imports - partners

India 18%, France 12%, United States 11%, China 9%, Netherlands 7%, Belgium 7%, Malta 6% (2019)

Imports - commodities

refined petroleum, packaged medicines, natural gas, broadcasting equipment, second-hand clothing (2019)

Exchange rates

Cooperation Financiere en Afrique Centrale francs (XAF) per US dollar -

Page last updated: Wednesday, November 16, 2022