Country Summary

2022 population pyramid



Once the seat of Viking raiders and later a major north European power, Denmark has evolved into a modern, prosperous nation that is participating in the general political and economic integration of Europe.



total: 43,094 sq km

land: 42,434 sq km

water: 660 sq km


temperate; humid and overcast; mild, windy winters and cool summers

Natural resources

petroleum, natural gas, fish, arable land, salt, limestone, chalk, stone, gravel and sand

People and Society


5,920,767 (2022 est.)

Ethnic groups

Danish (includes Greenlandic (who are predominantly Inuit) and Faroese) 85.6%, Turkish 1.1%, other 13.3% (largest groups are Polish, Syrian, Romanian, German, and Iraqi) (2022 est.)


Danish, Faroese, Greenlandic (an Inuit dialect), German (small minority); note - English is the predominant second language


Evangelical Lutheran (official) 74.7%, Muslim 5.5%, other/none/unspecified (denominations of less than 1% each in descending order of size include Roman Catholic, Jehovah's Witness, Serbian Orthodox Christian, Jewish, Baptist, Buddhist, Church of Jesus Christ, Pentecostal, and nondenominational Christian) 19.8% (2019 est.)

Population growth rate

0.44% (2022 est.)


Government type

parliamentary constitutional monarchy


name: Copenhagen

Executive branch

chief of state: Queen MARGRETHE II (since 14 January 1972); Heir Apparent Crown Prince FREDERIK (elder son of the monarch, born on 26 May 1968)

head of government: Prime Minister Mette FREDERIKSEN (since 27 June 2019)

Legislative branch

description: unicameral People's Assembly or Folketing (179 seats, including 2 each representing Greenland and the Faroe Islands; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by party-list proportional representation vote; members serve 4-year terms unless the Folketing is dissolved earlier)


Economic overview

longstanding EU leader; global environmental regulatory innovator; diversified trade-based economy, dominated by its services sector; increased government spending but retaining budget surpluses; increasing taxes and innovating emissions tax incentives

Real GDP (purchasing power parity)

$326.2 billion (2020 est.)

Real GDP per capita

$55,900 (2020 est.)

Agricultural products

milk, wheat, barley, potatoes, sugar beets, pork, rye, rapeseed, oats, poultry


wind turbines, pharmaceuticals, medical equipment, shipbuilding and refurbishment, iron, steel, nonferrous metals, chemicals, food processing, machinery and transportation equipment, textiles and clothing, electronics, construction, furniture and other wood products


$191.53 billion (2020 est.)

Exports - partners

Germany 14%, United States 11%, Sweden 10%, United Kingdom 7%, Norway 6%, Netherlands 5%, China 5% (2019)

Exports - commodities

packaged medicines, electric generators, pork, refined petroleum, medical cultures/vaccines (2019)


$170.33 billion (2020 est.)

Imports - partners

Germany 21%, Sweden 11%, Netherlands 8%, China 7% (2019)

Imports - commodities

cars, refined petroleum, packaged medicines, crude petroleum, broadcasting equipment (2019)

Exchange rates

Danish kroner (DKK) per US dollar -

Page last updated: Tuesday, December 13, 2022