2022 population pyramid



Saint Pierre and Miquelon Island were first settled by the French in the early 17th century. The islands attained the status of a French overseas collectivity in 2003.



total: 242 sq km

land: 242 sq km

water: 0 sq km


cold and wet, with considerable mist and fog; spring and autumn are often windy

Natural resources

fish, deepwater ports

People and Society


5,257 (2022 est.)

Ethnic groups

Basques and Bretons (French fishermen)


French (official)


Roman Catholic 99%, other 1%

Population growth rate

-1.2% (2022 est.)


Government type

parliamentary democracy (Territorial Council); overseas collectivity of France


name: Saint-Pierre

Executive branch

chief of state: President Emmanuel MACRON (since 14 May 2017); represented by Prefect Christian POUGET (since 6 January 2021)

head of government: President of Territorial Council Bernard BRIAND (since 13 October 2020)

Legislative branch

description: unicameral Territorial Council or Conseil Territorial (19 seats - Saint Pierre 15, Miquelon 4; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by absolute majority vote in 2 rounds if needed to serve 6-year terms);
Saint Pierre and Miquelon indirectly elects 1 senator to the French Senate by an electoral college to serve a 6-year term and directly elects 1 deputy to the French National Assembly by absolute majority vote to serve a 5-year term


Economic overview

high-income, French North American territorial economy; primarily fishing exports; substantial French Government support; highly seasonal labor force; euro user; increasing tourism and aquaculture investments

Real GDP (purchasing power parity)

$261.3 million (2015 est.)

Real GDP per capita

$46,200 (2006 est.)

Agricultural products

vegetables; poultry, cattle, sheep, pigs; fish


fish processing and supply base for fishing fleets; tourism


$6.641 million (2010 est.)

Exports - partners

Canada 79%, France 8%, Belgium 6% (2019)

Exports - commodities

crustaceans, fish, medical instruments, electrical parts, pasta (2019)


$95.35 million (2010 est.)

Imports - partners

France 69%, Canada 22% (2019)

Imports - commodities

food preparation, packaged medicines, low-voltage protection equipment, cars, computers, iron structures (2019)

Exchange rates

euros (EUR) per US dollar -

Page last updated: Friday, May 13, 2022