American Samoa

Country Summary

2023 population pyramid



Settled as early as 1000 B.C., Samoa was not reached by European explorers until the 18th century. International rivalries in the latter half of the 19th century were settled by an 1899 treaty in which Germany and the US divided the Samoan archipelago. The US formally occupied its portion - a smaller group of eastern islands with the excellent harbor of Pago Pago - the following year.



total: 224 sq km
land: 224 sq km
water: 0 sq km


tropical marine, moderated by southeast trade winds; annual rainfall averages about 3 m; rainy season (November to April), dry season (May to October); little seasonal temperature variation

Natural resources

pumice, pumicite

People and Society


total: 43,895
male: 21,804
female: 22,091 (2024 est.)

Ethnic groups

Pacific Islander 88.7% (includes Samoan 83.2%, Tongan 2.2%, other 3.3%), Asian 5.8% (includes Filipino 3.4%, other 2.4%), mixed 4.4%, other 1.1% (2020 est.)


Samoan 87.9% (closely related to Hawaiian and other Polynesian languages), English 3.3%, Tongan 2.1%, other Pacific Islander 4.1%, Asian languages 2.1%, other 0.5% (2020 est.)


Christian 98.3%, other <1%, unaffiliated <1% (2020 est.)

Population growth rate

-1.54% (2024 est.)


Government type

unincorporated, unorganized Territory of the US with local self-government; republican form of territorial government with separate executive, legislative, and judicial branches


name: Pago Pago

Executive branch

chief of state: President Joseph R. BIDEN Jr. (since 20 January 2021); Vice President Kamala D. HARRIS (since 20 January 2021)
head of government: Governor Lemanu Peleti MAUGA (since 3 January 2021)

Legislative branch

description: bicameral Legislature or Fono consists of:
Senate (18 seats; members indirectly selected by regional governing councils to serve 4-year terms)
House of Representatives (21 seats; 20 members in single- and multi-seat constituencies directly elected by simple majority popular vote and 1 decided by public meeting on Swains Island; members serve 2-year terms)


Economic overview

tourism, tuna, and government services-based territorial economy; sustained economic decline; vulnerable tuna canning industry; large territorial government presence; minimum wage increases to rise to federal standards by 2036

Real GDP (purchasing power parity)

$658 million (2016 est.)
$674.9 million (2015 est.)
$666.9 billion (2014 est.)

Real GDP per capita

$11,200 (2016 est.)
$11,300 (2015 est.)
$11,200 (2014 est.)

Agricultural products

bananas, coconuts, vegetables, taro, breadfruit, yams, copra, pineapples, papayas; dairy products, livestock


tuna canneries (largely supplied by foreign fishing vessels), handicrafts


$409 million (2022 est.)
$332 million (2021 est.)
$427 million (2020 est.)

Exports - partners

Australia 33%, South Korea 16%, Taiwan 8%, Kuwait 8%, Senegal 5% (2022)

Exports - commodities

animal meal, packaged medicine, machinery, refined petroleum, insulated wire (2022)


$677 million (2022 est.)
$694 million (2021 est.)
$686 million (2020 est.)

Imports - partners

Malaysia 27%, Singapore 24%, Fiji 12%, South Korea 9%, Taiwan 9% (2022)

Imports - commodities

refined petroleum, fish, cars, paper containers, wood (2022)

Page last updated: Tuesday, June 18, 2024