Country Summary

2023 population pyramid



The landlocked Principality of Andorra is one of the smallest states in Europe. Although not a member of the EU, Andorra enjoys a special relationship with the bloc that is governed by various customs and cooperation agreements; it uses the euro as its national currency.



total: 468 sq km
land: 468 sq km
water: 0 sq km


temperate; snowy, cold winters and warm, dry summers

Natural resources

hydropower, mineral water, timber, iron ore, lead

People and Society


total: 85,370
male: 43,652
female: 41,718 (2024 est.)

Ethnic groups

Spanish 34.3%, Andorran 32.1%, Portuguese 10%, French 5.6%, other 18% (2024 est.)


Catalan (official) 44.1%, Castilian 40.3%, Portuguese 13.5%, French 10%, English 3%, other 6.8% (2022 est.)


Christian (predominantly Roman Catholic) 89.5, other 8.8%, unaffiliated 1.7% (2020 est.)

Population growth rate

-0.12% (2024 est.)


Government type

parliamentary democracy (since March 1993) that retains its chiefs of state in the form of a co-principality; the two princes are the President of France and Bishop of Seu d'Urgell, Spain


name: Andorra la Vella

Executive branch

chief of state: Co-prince Emmanuel MACRON (since 14 May 2017); represented by Patrick STROZDA (since 14 May 2017); and Co-prince Archbishop Joan-Enric VIVES i Sicilia (since 12 May 2003); represented by Eduard Ibanez PULIDO (since 27 November 2023)
head of government: Prime Minister Xavier Espot ZAMORA (since 16 May 2019)

Legislative branch

description: unicameral General Council of the Valleys or Consell General de les Valls (28 seats; 14 members directly elected in two-seat constituencies (7 parishes) by simple majority vote and 14 directly elected in a single national constituency by proportional representation vote; members serve 4-year terms); note - voters cast two separate ballots - one for national election and one for their parish


Economic overview

high GDP; low unemployment; non-EU Euro user; co-principality duty-free area between Spain and France; tourist hub but hit hard by COVID-19; modern, non-tax haven financial sector; looking for big tech investments; new member of SEPA and IMF

Real GDP (purchasing power parity)

$3.327 billion (2015 est.)
$3.363 billion (2014 est.)
$3.273 billion (2013 est.)

Real GDP per capita

$49,900 (2015 est.)
$51,300 (2014 est.)
$50,300 (2013 est.)

Agricultural products

small quantities of rye, wheat, barley, oats, vegetables, tobacco, sheep, cattle


tourism (particularly skiing), banking, timber, furniture


$2.414 billion (2021 est.)
$1.842 billion (2020 est.)
$2.335 billion (2019 est.)

Exports - partners

Spain 73%, France 6%, UK 3%, US 2%, Germany 2% (2022)

Exports - commodities

paintings, integrated circuits, cars, orthopedic appliances, garments (2022)


$2.143 billion (2021 est.)
$1.727 billion (2020 est.)
$2.032 billion (2019 est.)

Imports - partners

Spain 66%, France 12%, Germany 4%, China 3%, Italy 3% (2022)

Imports - commodities

cars, refined petroleum, garments, electricity, beauty products (2022)

Exchange rates

euros (EUR) per US dollar -
Exchange rates:
0.951 (2022 est.)
0.845 (2021 est.)
0.885 (2017 est.)
0.903 (2016 est.)
0.921 (2015 est.)

Page last updated: Tuesday, June 18, 2024