Country Summary

2023 population pyramid



Armenia is a landlocked country in Southwestern Asia or Eurasia. It is situated at the gateway between Western Asia and Eastern Europe and is bordered by Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, and Turkey. Located in the Lesser Caucasus Mountains, Armenia is a mountainous region with fast-flowing rivers.



total: 29,743 sq km
land: 28,203 sq km
water: 1,540 sq km


highland continental, hot summers, cold winters

Natural resources

small deposits of gold, copper, molybdenum, zinc, bauxite

People and Society


total: 2,976,765
male: 1,456,415
female: 1,520,350 (2024 est.)

Ethnic groups

Armenian 98.1%, Yezidi 1.1%, other 0.8% (2022 est.)


Armenian (official) 97.9%, Kurmanji (spoken by Yezidi minority) 1%, other 1.1%; note - Russian is widely spoken (2011 est.)


Armenian Apostolic Christian 95.2%, other Christian 1.6%, other 0.9%, none 0.6%, unspecified 1.7% (2022 est.)

Population growth rate

-0.42% (2024 est.)


Government type

parliamentary democracy; note - constitutional changes adopted in December 2015 transformed the government to a parliamentary system


name: Yerevan

Executive branch

chief of state: President Vahagn KHACHATURYAN (since 13 March 2022)
head of government: Prime Minister Nikol PASHINYAN (since 10 September 2021)

Legislative branch

description: unicameral National Assembly (Parliament) or Azgayin Zhoghov (minimum 101 seats, with additional seats allocated as necessary and generally changing with each parliamentary convocation; current - 107; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by closed party-list proportional representation vote; members serve 5-year terms; four mandates are reserved for national minorities; no more than 70% of the top membership of a party list can belong to the same sex; political parties must meet a 5% threshold and alliances a 7% threshold to win seats; at least three parties must be seated in the Parliament)


Economic overview

EEU-and CIS-member state but seeking more EU and US trade; business-friendly growth environments; stable monetary regime but vulnerable demand economy; key copper and gold exporter; persistent unemployment; large diaspora and remittances

Real GDP (purchasing power parity)

$44.646 billion (2022 est.)
$39.65 billion (2021 est.)
$37.476 billion (2020 est.)

Real GDP per capita

$16,100 (2022 est.)
$14,200 (2021 est.)
$13,400 (2020 est.)

Agricultural products

milk, potatoes, grapes, tomatoes, vegetables, wheat, watermelons, apricots, apples, barley (2022)


brandy, mining, diamond processing, metal-cutting machine tools, forging and pressing machines, electric motors, knitted wear, hosiery, shoes, silk fabric, chemicals, trucks, instruments, microelectronics, jewelry, software, food processing


$10.038 billion (2022 est.)
$5.012 billion (2021 est.)
$3.818 billion (2020 est.)

Exports - partners

Russia 41%, UAE 9%, China 7%, Georgia 4%, Switzerland 4% (2022)

Exports - commodities

copper ore, gold, diamonds, tobacco, iron alloys (2022)


$10.186 billion (2022 est.)
$6.12 billion (2021 est.)
$5.082 billion (2020 est.)

Imports - partners

Russia 23%, UAE 19%, China 10%, Georgia 5%, Iran 5% (2022)

Imports - commodities

postage stamps/documents, cars, broadcasting equipment, refined petroleum, natural gas (2022)

Exchange rates

drams (AMD) per US dollar -
Exchange rates:
435.666 (2022 est.)
503.77 (2021 est.)
489.009 (2020 est.)
480.445 (2019 est.)
482.988 (2018 est.)

Page last updated: Monday, June 10, 2024