Bahamas, The

Country Summary

2022 population pyramid



Lucayan Indians inhabited the islands when Christopher COLUMBUS first set foot in the New World on San Salvador in 1492. British settlement of the islands began in 1647. The islands became a colony in 1783. Since attaining independence from the UK in 1973, The Bahamas has prospered through tourism, international banking, and investment management.



total: 13,880 sq km
land: 10,010 sq km
water: 3,870 sq km


tropical marine; moderated by warm waters of Gulf Stream

Natural resources

salt, aragonite, timber, arable land

People and Society


358,508 (2023 est.)

Ethnic groups

African descent 90.6%, White 4.7%, mixed 2.1%, other 1.9%, unspecified 0.7% (2010 est.)


English (official), Creole (among Haitian immigrants)


Protestant 69.9% (includes Baptist 34.9%, Anglican 13.7%, Pentecostal 8.9% Seventh Day Adventist 4.4%, Methodist 3.6%, Church of God 1.9%, Brethren 1.6%, other Protestant .9%), Roman Catholic 12%, other Christian 13% (includes Jehovah's Witness 1.1%), other 0.6%, none 1.9%, unspecified 2.6% (2010 est.)

Population growth rate

0.8% (2023 est.)


Government type

parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realm


name: Nassau

Executive branch

chief of state: King CHARLES III (since 8 September 2022); represented by Governor General Cornelius A. SMITH (since 28 June 2019)
head of government: Prime Minister Philip DAVIS (since 17 September 2021)

Legislative branch

description: bicameral Parliament consists of:
Senate (16 seats; members appointed by the governor general - 9 selected on the advice of the prime minister, 4 on the advice of the leader of the opposition party, and 3 on the advice of the prime minister in consultation with the opposition leader; members serve 5-year terms)
House of Assembly (39 seats; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote to serve 5-year terms)


Economic overview

high-income tourism and financial services economy; strong US bilateral relations; US supplies the vast majority of imports; struggling to recover from Hurricane Dorian and COVID-19 disruptions; recently introduced special economic recovery zones

Real GDP (purchasing power parity)

$12.323 billion (2021 est.)

Real GDP per capita

$30,200 (2021 est.)

Agricultural products

sugar cane, grapefruit, vegetables, bananas, tomatoes, poultry, tropical fruit, oranges, coconuts, mangoes/guavas


tourism, banking, oil bunkering, maritime industries, transshipment and logistics, salt, aragonite, pharmaceuticals


$3.202 billion (2021 est.)

Exports - partners

Singapore 16%, US 16%, Poland 13%, Germany 12%, Ecuador 10% (2020)

Exports - commodities

refined petroleum, ships, raw aluminum, nitrogen compounds, styrene polymers (2020)


$4.924 billion (2021 est.)

Imports - partners

US 47%, Germany 11%, South Korea 8%, China 5%, Poland 4% (2020)

Imports - commodities

refined petroleum, ships, crude petroleum, cars, aircraft (2020)

Exchange rates

Bahamian dollars (BSD) per US dollar -
1 (2021 est.)

Page last updated: Wednesday, February 22, 2023