Cambodia

Country Summary

Introduction

Background

Most Cambodians consider themselves to be Khmers, descendants of the Angkor Empire that extended over much of Southeast Asia and reached its zenith between the 10th and 13th centuries. Following Japanese occupation in World War II, Cambodia gained full independence from France in 1953.

Geography

Area

total: 181,035 sq km
land: 176,515 sq km
water: 4,520 sq km

Climate

tropical; rainy, monsoon season (May to November); dry season (December to April); little seasonal temperature variation

Natural resources

oil and gas, timber, gemstones, iron ore, manganese, phosphates, hydropower potential, arable land

People and Society

Population

16,891,245 (2023 est.)

Ethnic groups

Khmer 95.4%, Cham 2.4%, Chinese 1.5%, other 0.7% (2019-20 est.)

Languages

Khmer (official) 95.8%, minority languages 2.9%, Chinese 0.6%, Vietnamese 0.5%, other 0.2% (2019 est.)

Religions

Buddhist (official) 97.1%, Muslim 2%, Christian 0.3%, other 0.5% (2019 est.)

Population growth rate

1.04% (2023 est.)

Government

Government type

parliamentary constitutional monarchy

Capital

name: Phnom Penh

Executive branch

chief of state: King Norodom SIHAMONI (since 29 October 2004)
head of government: Prime Minister HUN MANET (since 22 August 2023); note - MANET succeeded his father, HUN SEN, who had been prime minister since 1985

Legislative branch

description: bicameral Parliament of Cambodia consists of:
Senate (62 seats; 58 indirectly elected by parliamentarians and commune councils, 2 indirectly elected by the National Assembly, and 2 appointed by the monarch; members serve 6-year terms)

National Assembly (125 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote; members serve 5-year terms)

Economy

Economic overview

one of the fastest growing economies; tourism and clothing exports; substantial manufacturing and construction sectors; COVID-19 declines and the suspension of EU market preferential access; massive reductions in poverty, but rural areas remain disproportionately poor

Real GDP (purchasing power parity)

$72.238 billion (2021 est.)
$70.116 billion (2020 est.)
$72.356 billion (2019 est.)

Real GDP per capita

$4,400 (2021 est.)
$4,300 (2020 est.)
$4,500 (2019 est.)

Agricultural products

cassava, rice, maize, vegetables, sugar cane, soybeans, rubber, oil palm fruit, bananas, pork

Industries

tourism, garments, construction, rice milling, fishing, wood and wood products, rubber, cement, gem mining, textiles

Remittances

4.28% of GDP (2021 est.)
4.92% of GDP (2020 est.)
5.63% of GDP (2019 est.)

Exports

$20.126 billion (2021 est.)
$20.29 billion (2020 est.)
$21.072 billion (2019 est.)

Exports - partners

United States 35%, China 7%, Germany 7%, Vietnam 7%, Japan 6% (2021)

Exports - commodities

clothing and footwear, trunks and cases, rice, rubber, light fixtures (2021)

Imports

$32.83 billion (2021 est.)
$23.091 billion (2020 est.)
$25.516 billion (2019 est.)

Imports - partners

China 27%, Thailand 25%, Vietnam 15%, Singapore 8% (2019)

Imports - commodities

refined petroleum, clothing, gold, cars, flavored water (2019)

Exchange rates

riels (KHR) per US dollar -
Exchange rates:
4,098.723 (2021 est.)
4,092.783 (2020 est.)
4,061.149 (2019 est.)
4,051.167 (2018 est.)
4,050.58 (2017 est.)


Page last updated: Tuesday, February 13, 2024