Comoros

Country Summary

Introduction

Background

The archipelago of the Comoros in the Indian Ocean, composed of the islands of Anjouan, Moheli, and Grande Comore, declared independence from France on 6 July 1975.

Geography

Area

total: 2,235 sq km
land: 2,235 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Climate

tropical marine; rainy season (November to May)

Natural resources

fish

People and Society

Population

888,378 (2023 est.)

Ethnic groups

Antalote, Cafre, Makoa, Oimatsaha, Sakalava

Languages

Arabic (official), French (official), Shikomoro (official; similar to Swahili) (Comorian)

Religions

Muslim 98.1% (overwhelmingly Sunni Muslim, small Shia Muslim and Ahmadiyya Muslim populations), ethnic religionist 1.1%, Christian 0.6%, other 0.3% (2020 est.)

Population growth rate

1.34% (2023 est.)

Government

Government type

federal presidential republic

Capital

name: Moroni

Executive branch

chief of state: President AZALI Assoumani (since 26 May 2016); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government
head of government: President AZALI Assoumani (since 26 May 2016)

Legislative branch

description: unicameral Assembly of the Union (33 seats; 24 members directly elected by absolute majority vote in 2 rounds if needed and 9 members indirectly elected by the 3 island assemblies; members serve 5-year terms)

Economy

Economic overview

small trade-based island economy; declining remittances; new structural and fiscal reforms; adverse cyclone and COVID-19 impacts; manageable debts; fragile liquidity environment; large foreign direct investment; state-owned enterprises suffering

Real GDP (purchasing power parity)

$2.716 billion (2022 est.)
$2.653 billion (2021 est.)
$2.598 billion (2020 est.)

Real GDP per capita

$3,200 (2022 est.)
$3,200 (2021 est.)
$3,200 (2020 est.)

Agricultural products

coconuts, cassava, rice, bananas, pulses nes, milk, taro, sweet potatoes, maize, cloves

Industries

fishing, tourism, perfume distillation

Exports

$165.347 million (2022 est.)
$128.331 million (2021 est.)
$68.937 million (2020 est.)

Exports - partners

France 32%, India 23%, Germany 10%, Turkey 9%, Madagascar 7% (2019)

Exports - commodities

cloves, tug boats, essential oils, scrap vessels, vanilla (2021)

Imports

$479.94 million (2022 est.)
$415.965 million (2021 est.)
$343.608 million (2020 est.)

Imports - partners

China 22%, United Arab Emirates 16%, France 11%, Pakistan 9%, India 6% (2019)

Imports - commodities

rice, chicken products, refined petroleum, cement, cars (2019)

Exchange rates

Comoran francs (KMF) per US dollar -
Exchange rates:
467.184 (2022 est.)
415.956 (2021 est.)
430.721 (2020 est.)
439.463 (2019 est.)
416.585 (2018 est.)


Page last updated: Tuesday, April 09, 2024