Country Summary

2022 population pyramid



The archipelago of the Comoros in the Indian Ocean, composed of the islands of Anjouan, Moheli, and Grande Comore declared independence from France on 6 July 1975.



total: 2,235 sq km

land: 2,235 sq km

water: 0 sq km


tropical marine; rainy season (November to May)

Natural resources


People and Society


876,437 (2022 est.)

Ethnic groups

Antalote, Cafre, Makoa, Oimatsaha, Sakalava


Arabic (official), French (official), Shikomoro (official; a blend of Swahili and Arabic) (Comorian)


Sunni Muslim 98%, other (including Shia Muslim, Roman Catholic, Jehovah's Witness, Protestant) 2%

Population growth rate

1.37% (2022 est.)


Government type

federal presidential republic


name: Moroni

Executive branch

chief of state: President AZALI Assoumani (since 26 May 2016); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government; note - AZALI takes oath of office 2 June 2019 after 24 March 2019 reelection (2019)

head of government: President AZALI Assoumani (since 26 May 2016)

Legislative branch

description: unicameral Assembly of the Union (33 seats; 24 members directly elected by absolute majority vote in 2 rounds if needed and 9 members indirectly elected by the 3 island assemblies; members serve 5-year terms) (2017)


Economic overview

Colombia was one of the three countries that emerged after the dissolution of Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others are Ecuador and Venezuela). Colombia maintains relatively strong democratic institutions characterized by peaceful, transparent elections and the protection of civil liberties.

Real GDP (purchasing power parity)

$2.73 billion (2020 est.)

Real GDP per capita

$3,100 (2020 est.)

Agricultural products

coconuts, cassava, rice, bananas, pulses nes, milk, taro, sweet potatoes, maize, cloves


fishing, tourism, perfume distillation


$140 million (2019 est.)

Exports - partners

France 32%, India 23%, Germany 10%, Turkey 9%, Madagascar 7% (2019)

Exports - commodities

cloves, essential oils, vacuum flask, vanilla, scrap vessels (2019)


$350 million (2019 est.)

Imports - partners

China 22%, United Arab Emirates 16%, France 11%, Pakistan 9%, India 6% (2019)

Imports - commodities

rice, chicken products, refined petroleum, cement, cars (2019)

Page last updated: Wednesday, Jun 15, 2022