Cote d'Ivoire

Country Summary

2023 population pyramid

Introduction

Background

Close ties to France after independence in 1960, the development of cocoa production for export, and foreign investment have all made Cote d'Ivoire one of the most prosperous of the West African states. A series of coups and conflicts since the 1990s disrupted the country's political system, but stability returned with the 2021 elections.

Geography

Area

total: 322,463 sq km
land: 318,003 sq km
water: 4,460 sq km

Climate

tropical along coast, semiarid in far north; three seasons - warm and dry (November to March), hot and dry (March to May), hot and wet (June to October)

Natural resources

petroleum, natural gas, diamonds, manganese, iron ore, cobalt, bauxite, copper, gold, nickel, tantalum, silica sand, clay, cocoa beans, coffee, palm oil, hydropower

People and Society

Population

total: 29,981,758
male: 15,040,032
female: 14,941,726 (2024 est.)

Ethnic groups

Akan 38%, Voltaique or Gur 22%, Northern Mande 22%, Kru 9.1%, Southern Mande 8.6%, other 0.3% (2021 est.)

Languages

French (official), 60 native dialects of which Dioula is the most widely spoken

Religions

Muslim 42.9%, Catholic 17.2%, Evangelical 11.8%, Methodist 1.7%, other Christian 3.2%, animist 3.6%, other religion 0.5%, none 19.1% (2014 est.)

Population growth rate

2.13% (2024 est.)

Government

Government type

presidential republic

Capital

name: Yamoussoukro (legislative capital), Abidjan (administrative capital); note - although Yamoussoukro has been the official capital since 1983, Abidjan remains the administrative capital as well as the officially designated economic capital; the US, like other countries, maintains its Embassy in Abidjan

Executive branch

chief of state: President Alassane Dramane OUATTARA (since 4 December 2010); Vice President Tiémoko Meyliet KONE (since 19 April 2022); note - Vice President Tiémoko Meyliet KONE appointed by President Alassane Dramane OUATTARA before a Congressional meeting on 19 April 2022
head of government: Prime Minister Robert Beujre MAMBE (since 16 October 2023)

Legislative branch

description: bicameral Parliament consists of:
Senate or Senat (99 seats; 66 members indirectly elected by the National Assembly and members of municipal, autonomous districts, and regional councils, and 33 members appointed by the president; members serve 5-year terms)
National Assembly (255 seats - 254 for 2021-2026 term; members directly elected in single- and multi-seat constituencies by simple majority vote to serve 5-year terms)

Economy

Economic overview

one of West Africa’s most influential, stable, and rapidly developing economies; poverty declines in urban but increases in rural areas; strong construction sector and increasingly diverse economic portfolio; increasing but manageable public debt; large labor force in agriculture

Real GDP (purchasing power parity)

$155.935 billion (2022 est.)
$146.087 billion (2021 est.)
$136.53 billion (2020 est.)

Real GDP per capita

$5,500 (2022 est.)
$5,300 (2021 est.)
$5,100 (2020 est.)

Agricultural products

yams, cassava, oil palm fruit, cocoa beans, sugarcane, plantains, rice, rubber, maize, cashews (2022)

Industries

foodstuffs, beverages; wood products, oil refining, gold mining, truck and bus assembly, textiles, fertilizer, building materials, electricity

Exports

$16.23 billion (2021 est.)
$13.232 billion (2020 est.)
$13.791 billion (2019 est.)

Exports - partners

Switzerland 9%, Mali 8%, Netherlands 8%, US 6%, France 5% (2022)

Exports - commodities

cocoa beans, gold, rubber, refined petroleum, cocoa paste (2022)

Imports

$16.191 billion (2021 est.)
$12.66 billion (2020 est.)
$12.881 billion (2019 est.)

Imports - partners

China 18%, Nigeria 11%, France 8%, India 5%, Belgium 4% (2022)

Imports - commodities

crude petroleum, refined petroleum, ships, rice, fish (2022)

Exchange rates

Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF) per US dollar -
Exchange rates:
623.76 (2022 est.)
554.531 (2021 est.)
575.586 (2020 est.)
585.911 (2019 est.)
555.446 (2018 est.)


Page last updated: Wednesday, May 22, 2024