Dominica

Country Summary

2022 population pyramid

Introduction

Background

Dominica was the last of the Caribbean islands to be colonized by Europeans due chiefly to the fierce resistance of the native Caribs. France ceded possession to Great Britain in 1763, which colonized the island in 1805. Independence came in 1978.

Geography

Area

total: 751 sq km

land: 751 sq km

Climate

tropical; moderated by northeast trade winds; heavy rainfall

Natural resources

timber, hydropower, arable land

People and Society

Population

74,629 (2022 est.)

Ethnic groups

African descent 84.5%, mixed 9%, Indigenous 3.8%, other 2.1%, unspecified 0.6% (2011 est.)

Languages

English (official), French patois

Religions

Roman Catholic 52.7%, Protestant 29.7% (includes Seventh Day Adventist 6.7%, Pentecostal 6.1%, Baptist 5.2%, Christian Union Church 3.9%, Methodist 2.6%, Gospel Mission 2.1%, other Protestant 3.1%), Jehovah's Witness 1.3%, Rastafarian 1.1%, other 4.3%, none 9.4%, unspecified 1.4% (2011 est.)

Population growth rate

0.05% (2022 est.)

Government

Government type

parliamentary republic

Capital

name: Roseau

Executive branch

chief of state: President Charles A. SAVARIN (since 2 October 2013)

head of government: Prime Minister Roosevelt SKERRIT (since 8 January 2004)

Legislative branch

description: unicameral House of Assembly (32 seats; 21 representatives directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote, 9 senators appointed by the president - 5 on the advice of the prime minister, and 4 on the advice of the leader of the opposition party, plus 2 ex-officio members - the house speaker and the attorney general; members serve 5-year terms)

Economy

Economic overview

highly agrarian OECS island economy; ECCU-member state; large banana exporter; COVID-19- and Hurricane Maria-related public debt increases; improving government oversight of its very cheap citizenship-by-investment program

Real GDP (purchasing power parity)

$710 million (2020 est.)

Real GDP per capita

$9,900 (2020 est.)

Agricultural products

bananas, yams, grapefruit, taro, milk, coconuts, oranges, yautia, plantains, sugar cane

Industries

soap, coconut oil, tourism, copra, furniture, cement blocks, shoes

Exports

$160 million (2018 est.)

Exports - partners

Saudi Arabia 47%, Qatar 5% (2019)

Exports - commodities

medical instruments, pharmaceuticals, low-voltage protection equipment, tropical fruits, bandages (2019)

Imports

$430 million (2018 est.)

Imports - partners

United States 57%, Nigeria 11%, China 6%, Italy 5% (2019)

Imports - commodities

refined petroleum, natural gas, crude petroleum, recreational boats, cars (2019)


Page last updated: Monday, May 16, 2022