Dominica

Country Summary

Introduction

Background

Dominica was the last of the Caribbean islands to be colonized by Europeans due chiefly to the fierce resistance of the native Caribs. France ceded possession to Great Britain in 1763, which colonized the island in 1805. Independence came in 1978.

Geography

Area

total: 751 sq km
land: 751 sq km

Climate

tropical; moderated by northeast trade winds; heavy rainfall

Natural resources

timber, hydropower, arable land

People and Society

Population

74,656 (2023 est.)

Ethnic groups

African descent 84.5%, mixed 9%, Indigenous 3.8%, other 2.1%, unspecified 0.6% (2011 est.)

Languages

English (official), French patois

Religions

Roman Catholic 52.7%, Protestant 29.7% (includes Seventh Day Adventist 6.7%, Pentecostal 6.1%, Baptist 5.2%, Christian Union Church 3.9%, Methodist 2.6%, Gospel Mission 2.1%, other Protestant 3.1%), Jehovah's Witness 1.3%, Rastafarian 1.1%, other 4.3%, none 9.4%, unspecified 1.4% (2011 est.)

Population growth rate

0.02% (2023 est.)

Government

Government type

parliamentary republic

Capital

name: Roseau

Executive branch

chief of state: President Sylvanie BURTON (since 2 October 2023)
head of government: Prime Minister Roosevelt SKERRIT (since 8 January 2004)

Legislative branch

description: unicameral House of Assembly (32 seats; 21 representatives directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote, 9 senators appointed by the president - 5 on the advice of the prime minister, and 4 on the advice of the leader of the opposition party, plus 2 ex-officio members - the house speaker and the attorney general; members serve 5-year terms)

Economy

Economic overview

highly agrarian OECS island economy; ECCU-member state; large banana exporter; improved oversight of its citizenship-by-investment program; emerging ecotourism, information and communications, and education industries

Real GDP (purchasing power parity)

$787.7 million (2021 est.)
$738.364 million (2020 est.)
$885.38 million (2019 est.)

Real GDP per capita

$10,900 (2021 est.)
$10,300 (2020 est.)
$12,400 (2019 est.)

Agricultural products

bananas, yams, grapefruit, taro, milk, coconuts, oranges, yautia, plantains, sugar cane

Industries

soap, coconut oil, tourism, copra, furniture, cement blocks, shoes

Exports

$104.959 million (2021 est.)
$94.823 million (2020 est.)
$211.175 million (2019 est.)

Exports - partners

Saudi Arabia 28%, France 6%, United States 5%, Grenada 5%, China 4% (2021)

Exports - commodities

medical instruments, low-voltage protection equipment, sutures, soap, bandages (2021)

Imports

$302 million (2021 est.)
$279 million (2020 est.)
$415 million (2019 est.)

Imports - partners

United States 75%, China 5%, Trinidad and Tobago 4%, United Kingdom 2%, Italy 2% (2021)

Imports - commodities

refined petroleum, natural gas, crude petroleum, recreational boats, cars (2021)

Exchange rates

East Caribbean dollars (XCD) per US dollar -
Exchange rates:
2.7 (2021 est.)
2.7 (2020 est.)
2.7 (2019 est.)
2.7 (2018 est.)
2.7 (2017 est.)


Page last updated: Tuesday, February 20, 2024