Dominica

Country Summary

2023 population pyramid

Introduction

Background

Dominica was the last of the Caribbean islands to be colonized by Europeans, due chiefly to the fierce resistance of the native Caribs. France ceded possession to Britain in 1763, and Dominica was a British colony from 1805 until gaining independence in 1978.

Geography

Area

total: 751 sq km
land: 751 sq km

Climate

tropical; moderated by northeast trade winds; heavy rainfall

Natural resources

timber, hydropower, arable land

People and Society

Population

total: 74,661
male: 37,753
female: 36,908 (2024 est.)

Ethnic groups

African descent 84.5%, mixed 9%, Indigenous 3.8%, other 2.1%, unspecified 0.6% (2011 est.)

Languages

English (official), French patois

Religions

Roman Catholic 52.7%, Protestant 29.7% (includes Seventh Day Adventist 6.7%, Pentecostal 6.1%, Baptist 5.2%, Christian Union Church 3.9%, Methodist 2.6%, Gospel Mission 2.1%, other Protestant 3.1%), Jehovah's Witness 1.3%, Rastafarian 1.1%, other 4.3%, none 9.4%, unspecified 1.4% (2011 est.)

Population growth rate

-0.01% (2024 est.)

Government

Government type

parliamentary republic

Capital

name: Roseau

Executive branch

chief of state: President Sylvanie BURTON (since 2 October 2023)
head of government: Prime Minister Roosevelt SKERRIT (since 8 January 2004)

Legislative branch

description: unicameral House of Assembly (32 seats; 21 representatives directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote, 9 senators appointed by the president - 5 on the advice of the prime minister, and 4 on the advice of the leader of the opposition party, plus 2 ex-officio members - the house speaker and the attorney general; members serve 5-year terms)

Economy

Economic overview

highly agrarian OECS island economy; ECCU-member state; large banana exporter; improved oversight of its citizenship-by-investment program; emerging ecotourism, information and communications, and education industries

Real GDP (purchasing power parity)

$833.828 million (2022 est.)
$789.248 million (2021 est.)
$738.371 million (2020 est.)

Real GDP per capita

$11,500 (2022 est.)
$10,900 (2021 est.)
$10,300 (2020 est.)

Agricultural products

taro, grapefruits, yams, bananas, plantains, coconuts, milk, yautia, oranges, sugarcane (2022)

Industries

soap, coconut oil, tourism, copra, furniture, cement blocks, shoes

Exports

$192.278 million (2022 est.)
$123.36 million (2021 est.)
$95.366 million (2020 est.)

Exports - partners

Bahamas, The 12%, Guyana 8%, Antigua and Barbuda 7%, Dominican Republic 7%, Barbados 6% (2022)

Exports - commodities

power equipment, soap, raw iron bars, natural gas, tropical fruits (2022)

Imports

$349.052 million (2022 est.)
$307.79 million (2021 est.)
$303.326 million (2020 est.)

Imports - partners

US 51%, China 9%, Indonesia 4%, Trinidad and Tobago 4%, Italy 3% (2022)

Imports - commodities

refined petroleum, natural gas, crude petroleum, plastic products, cars (2022)

Exchange rates

East Caribbean dollars (XCD) per US dollar -
Exchange rates:
2.7 (2022 est.)
2.7 (2021 est.)
2.7 (2020 est.)
2.7 (2019 est.)
2.7 (2018 est.)


Page last updated: Tuesday, June 04, 2024