El Salvador

Country Summary

2022 population pyramid

Introduction

Background

El Salvador achieved independence from Spain in 1821 and from the Central American Federation in 1839. A 12-year civil war was brought to a close in 1992 when the government and leftist rebels signed a treaty that provided for military and political reforms.

Geography

Area

total: 21,041 sq km

land: 20,721 sq km

water: 320 sq km

Climate

tropical; rainy season (May to October); dry season (November to April); tropical on coast; temperate in uplands

Natural resources

hydropower, geothermal power, petroleum, arable land

People and Society

Population

6,568,745 (2022 est.)

Ethnic groups

Mestizo 86.3%, White 12.7%, Amerindian 0.2% (includes Lenca, Kakawira, Nahua-Pipil), Black 0.1%, other 0.6% (2007 est.)

Languages

Spanish (official), Nawat (among some Amerindians)

Religions

Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 36%, other 2%, none 12% (2014 est.)

Population growth rate

0.57% (2022 est.)

Government

Government type

presidential republic

Capital

name: San Salvador

Executive branch

chief of state: President Nayib Armando BUKELE Ortez (since 1 June 2019); Vice President Felix Augusto Antonio ULLOA Garay (since 1 June 2019); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government

head of government: President Nayib Armando BUKELE Ortez (since 1 June 2019); Vice President Felix Augusto Antonio ULLOA Garay (since 1 June 2019)

Legislative branch

description: unicameral Legislative Assembly or Asamblea Legislativa (84 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies and a single nationwide constituency by proportional representation vote to serve 3-year terms)

Economy

Economic overview

growth-challenged Central American economy buttressed via remittances; dense labor force; fairly aggressive COVID-19 stimulus plan; new and lower banking reserve requirements; earthquake, tropical storm, and crime disruptions; widespread corruption

Real GDP (purchasing power parity)

$52.26 billion (2020 est.)

Real GDP per capita

$8,100 (2020 est.)

Agricultural products

sugar cane, maize, milk, poultry, sorghum, beans, coconuts, eggs, apples, oranges

Industries

food processing, beverages, petroleum, chemicals, fertilizer, textiles, furniture, light metals

Exports

$6.29 billion (2020 est.)

Exports - partners

United States 40%, Guatemala 15%, Honduras 15%, Nicaragua 6% (2019)

Exports - commodities

textiles and apparel, electrical capacitors, plastic lids, raw sugar, toilet paper (2019)

Imports

$10.82 billion (2020 est.)

Imports - partners

United States 30%, China 14%, Guatemala 13%, Mexico 8%, Honduras 6% (2019)

Imports - commodities

refined petroleum, packaged medicines, clothing, broadcasting equipment, natural gas (2019)


Page last updated: Monday, May 16, 2022