Country Summary

2022 population pyramid



With a civilization that dates back thousands of years, Malta boasts some of the oldest megalithic sites in the world. A British colony since 1814, Malta gained its independence in 1964 and declared itself a republic ten years later. Since the mid-1980s, the island has transformed itself into a freight transshipment point, a financial center, and a tourist destination.



total: 316 sq km

land: 316 sq km

water: 0 sq km


Mediterranean; mild, rainy winters; hot, dry summers

Natural resources

limestone, salt, arable land

People and Society


464,186 (2022 est.)

Ethnic groups

Maltese (descendants of ancient Carthaginians and Phoenicians with strong elements of Italian and other Mediterranean stock)


Maltese (official) 90.1%, English (official) 6%, multilingual 3%, other 0.9% (2005 est.)


Roman Catholic (official) more than 90% (2006 est.)

Population growth rate

0.67% (2022 est.)


Government type

parliamentary republic


name: Valletta

Executive branch

chief of state: President George VELLA (since 4 April 2019)

head of government: Prime Minister Robert ABELA (13 January 2020)

Legislative branch

description: unicameral House of Representatives or Il-Kamra Tad-Deputati, a component of the Parliament of Malta (normally 65 seats but can include at-large members; members directly elected in 5 multi-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote; members serve 5-year terms); note - an additional two seats were added in 2016 by the Constitutional Court to correct for mistakes made in the 2013 vote-counting process


Economic overview

high-income, EU-member European economy; diversified portfolio; euro user; dependent on food and energy imports; strong tourism, trade, and manufacturing sectors; high North African immigration; large welfare system; educated workforce

Real GDP (purchasing power parity)

$20.6 billion (2020 est.)

Real GDP per capita

$39,200 (2020 est.)

Agricultural products

milk, tomatoes, potatoes, onions, cauliflowers, broccoli, eggplants, pork, cabbages, poultry


tourism, electronics, ship building and repair, construction, food and beverages, pharmaceuticals, footwear, clothing, tobacco, aviation services, financial services, information technology services


$19.04 billion (2020 est.)

Exports - partners

Germany 12%, France 9%, Italy 9% (2019)

Exports - commodities

integrated circuits, refined petroleum, packaged medicines, children's toys and stuffed animals, postage stamps  (2019)


$18.01 billion (2020 est.)

Imports - partners

Russia 22%, Italy 12%, United Kingdom 11%, Germany 6%, Turkey 5%, France 5%, China 5%, South Korea 5% (2019)

Imports - commodities

refined petroleum, recreational boats, ships, aircraft, coal tar oil (2019)

Page last updated: Wednesday, Jun 15, 2022