Niue

Country Summary

Introduction

Background

Samoans settled Niue in about A.D. 900, followed by Tongans around 1500.  In 1889, tribal chiefs asked the UK for protectorate status, which was granted in 1900. In 1901, Niue was annexed to New Zealand as part of the Cook Islands. Niue became self-governing in 1974, in free association with New Zealand, which is responsible for its defense and foreign affairs.

Geography

Area

total: 260 sq km

land: 260 sq km

water: 0 sq km

Climate

tropical; modified by southeast trade winds

Natural resources

arable land, fish

People and Society

Population

2,000 (July 2022 est.)

Ethnic groups

Niuean 65.4%, part-Niuean 14%, non-Niuean 20.6% (2017 est.)

Languages

Niuean (official) 46% (a Polynesian language closely related to Tongan and Samoan), Niuean and English 32%, English (official) 11%, Niuean and others 5%, other 6% (2011 est.)

Religions

Ekalesia Niue (Congregational Christian Church of Niue - a Protestant church founded by missionaries from the London Missionary Society) 61.7%, Church of Jesus Christ 8.7%, Roman Catholic 8.4%, Jehovah's Witness 2.7%, Seventh Day Adventist 1.4%, other 8.2%, none 8.9% (2017 est.)

Population growth rate

-0.03% (2021 est.)

Government

Government type

parliamentary democracy

Capital

name: Alofi

Executive branch

chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor-General of New Zealand Cindy KIRO (since 21 October 2021); the UK and New Zealand are represented by New Zealand High Commissioner Helen TUNNAH (since July 2020)

head of government: Premier Dalton TAGELAGI (since 10 June 2020)

Legislative branch

description: unicameral Assembly or Fono Ekepule (20 seats; 14 members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote and 6 directly elected from the National Register or "common roll" by majority vote; members serve 3-year terms)

Economy

Economic overview

upper-middle-income self-governing New Zealand territorial economy; massive emigration; postage stamps, small-scale agricultural processing, and subsistence farming; depends on New Zealand subsidies; EU preferential market access not utilized

Real GDP (purchasing power parity)

$10.01 million (2003 est.)

Real GDP per capita

$5,800 (2003 est.)

Agricultural products

coconuts, taro, fruit, sweet potatoes, tropical fruit, yams, vegetables, lemons, limes, bananas

Industries

handicrafts, food processing

Exports

$201,400 (2004 est.)

Exports - partners

Indonesia 92%, South Korea 5% (2019)

Exports - commodities

tanker ships, fruit juice, thermostats, textiles, measurement devices/appliances (2019)

Imports

$9.038 million (2004 est.)

Imports - partners

New Zealand 43%, United Kingdom 30%, Japan 22% (2019)

Imports - commodities

hydraulic engines, ships, refined petroleum, cars, plastics (2019)


Page last updated: Friday, May 13, 2022