Saint Lucia

Country Summary



The island, with its fine natural harbor at Castries and burgeoning sugar industry, was contested by England and France throughout the 17th and early 18th centuries (changing possession 14 times). It was finally ceded to the UK in 1814. Saint Lucia joined the West Indies Federation (1958-1962) and in 1967 became one of the six members of the West Indies Associated States. In 1979, Saint Lucia gained full independence.



total: 616 sq km
land: 606 sq km
water: 10 sq km


tropical, moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season January to April, rainy season May to August

Natural resources

forests, sandy beaches, minerals (pumice), mineral springs, geothermal potential

People and Society


167,591 (2023 est.)

Ethnic groups

Black/African descent 85.3%, mixed 10.9%, East Indian 2.2%, other 1.6%, unspecified 0.1% (2010 est.)


English (official), Saint Lucian Creole


Roman Catholic 61.5%, Protestant 25.5% (includes Seventh Day Adventist 10.4%, Pentecostal 8.9%, Baptist 2.2%, Anglican 1.6%, Church of God 1.5%, other Protestant 0.9%), other Christian 3.4% (includes Evangelical 2.3% and Jehovah's Witness 1.1%), Rastafarian 1.9%, other 0.4%, none 5.9%, unspecified 1.4% (2010 est.)

Population growth rate

0.27% (2023 est.)


Government type

parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realm


name: Castries

Executive branch

chief of state: King CHARLES III (since 8 September 2022); represented by Acting Governor General Errol CHARLES (since 11 November 2021)
head of government: Prime Minister Philip J. PIERRE (since 28 July 2021)

Legislative branch

description: bicameral Houses of Parliament consists of:
Senate (11 seats; all members appointed by the governor general; 6 on the advice of the prime minister, 3 on the advice of the leader of the opposition, and 2 upon consultation with religious, economic, and social groups; members serve 5-year terms)
House of Assembly (18 seats; 17 members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote and the speaker, designated from outside the Parliament; members serve 5-year terms)


Economic overview

upper middle-income, tourism-based Caribbean island economy; environmentally fragile; energy import-dependent; major banana producer; well-educated labor force; key infrastructure, IT, and communications investments

Real GDP (purchasing power parity)

$2.344 billion (2021 est.)
$2.088 billion (2020 est.)
$2.761 billion (2019 est.)

Real GDP per capita

$13,000 (2021 est.)
$11,700 (2020 est.)
$15,500 (2019 est.)

Agricultural products

bananas, coconuts, fruit, tropical fruit, plantains, roots/tubers, cassava, poultry, vegetables, mangoes/guavas


tourism; clothing, assembly of electronic components, beverages, corrugated cardboard boxes, lime processing, coconut processing


3.7% of GDP (2021 est.)
3.93% of GDP (2020 est.)
2.06% of GDP (2019 est.)


$890.724 million (2021 est.)
$445.965 million (2020 est.)
$1.209 billion (2019 est.)

Exports - partners

Brazil 98% (2021)

Exports - commodities

crude petroleum, fertilizers, refined petroleum, polymers, aluminum (2021)


$846.484 million (2021 est.)
$672.769 million (2020 est.)
$968.174 million (2019 est.)

Imports - partners

Brazil 64%, United States 14%, Russia 8%, Colombia 7%, Trinidad and Tobago 2% (2021)

Imports - commodities

crude petroleum, poultry, sugar, refined petroleum, soybeans, beef, corn, wheat (2021)

Exchange rates

East Caribbean dollars (XCD) per US dollar -
Exchange rates:
2.7 (2021 est.)
2.7 (2020 est.)
2.7 (2019 est.)
2.7 (2018 est.)
2.7 (2017 est.)

Page last updated: Tuesday, November 14, 2023