2023 population growth



The islands were part of the UK's Jamaican colony until 1962, when they assumed the status of a separate crown colony upon Jamaica's independence. The governor of The Bahamas oversaw affairs from 1965 to 1973. With Bahamian independence, the islands received a separate governor in 1973. Although independence was agreed upon for 1982, the policy was reversed, and the islands remain a British overseas territory.



total: 948 sq km
land: 948 sq km
water: 0 sq km


tropical; marine; moderated by trade winds; sunny and relatively dry

Natural resources

spiny lobster, conch

People and Society


total: 60,439
male: 30,389
female: 30,050 (2024 est.)

Ethnic groups

Black 87.6%, White 7.9%, mixed 2.5%, East Indian 1.3%, other 0.7% (2006 est.)


English (official)


Protestant 72.8% (Baptist 35.8%, Church of God 11.7%, Anglican 10%, Methodist 9.3%, Seventh Day Adventist 6%), Roman Catholic 11.4%, Jehovah's Witness 1.8%, other 14% (2006 est.)

Population growth rate

1.77% (2024 est.)


Government type

parliamentary democracy


name: Grand Turk (Cockburn Town)

Executive branch

chief of state: King CHARLES III (since 8 September 2022); represented by Governor Dileeni Daniel-SELVARATNAM (since 29 June 2023)
head of government: Premier Washington MISICK (since 19 February 2021)

Legislative branch

description: unicameral House of Assembly (21 seats; 15 members in multi-seat constituencies and a single all-islands constituency directly elected by simple majority vote, 1 member nominated by the premier and appointed by the governor, 1 nominated by the opposition party leader and appointed by the governor, and 2 from the Turks and Caicos Islands Civic Society directly appointed by the governor, and 2 ex-officio members; members serve 4-year terms)


Economic overview

British Caribbean island territorial economy; GDP and its tourism industry hit hard by COVID-19 disruptions; major biodiversity locale; US dollar user; fossil fuel dependent; negative trade balance; increasing unemployment

Real GDP (purchasing power parity)

$946.893 million (2022 est.)
$891.613 million (2021 est.)
$817.993 million (2020 est.)

Real GDP per capita

$20,700 (2022 est.)
$19,800 (2021 est.)
$18,500 (2020 est.)

Agricultural products

corn, beans, cassava (manioc, tapioca), citrus fruits; fish


tourism, offshore financial services


$826.824 million (2018 est.)
$602.581 million (2017 est.)
$741.173 million (2016 est.)

Exports - partners

Togo 61%, US 13%, Zimbabwe 6%, Democratic Republic of the Congo 3%, Central African Republic 2% (2022)

Exports - commodities

fertilizers, shellfish, plastics, sulfur, soybean oil (2022)


$544.219 million (2018 est.)
$484.842 million (2017 est.)
$438.041 million (2016 est.)

Imports - partners

US 75%, Dominican Republic 6%, Italy 3%, Switzerland 2%, China 2% (2022)

Imports - commodities

refined petroleum, cars, plastic products, furniture, aluminum structures (2022)

Page last updated: Friday, June 14, 2024