Angola

Country Summary

2023 population pyramid

Introduction

Background

Angola was the site of multiple kingdoms through the mid-19th century, the most prominent being the Kongo and Ndongo. In the 16th century, Portugal began establishing a colony. Angola gained independence from Portugal in 1975. A 27-year civil war ended in 2002.


Geography

Area

total: 1,246,700 sq km
land: 1,246,700 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Climate

semiarid in south and along coast to Luanda; north has cool, dry season (May to October) and hot, rainy season (November to April)

Natural resources

petroleum, diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, copper, feldspar, gold, bauxite, uranium

People and Society

Population

total: 37,202,061
male: 18,196,058
female: 19,006,003 (2024 est.)

Ethnic groups

Ovimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, Mestico (mixed European and native African) 2%, European 1%, other 22%

Languages

Portuguese 71.2% (official), Umbundu 23%, Kikongo 8.2%, Kimbundu 7.8%, Chokwe 6.5%, Nhaneca 3.4%, Nganguela 3.1%, Fiote 2.4%, Kwanhama 2.3%, Muhumbi 2.1%, Luvale 1%, other 3.6%; note - data represent most widely spoken languages; shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census (2014 est.)

Religions

Roman Catholic 41.1%, Protestant 38.1%, other 8.6%, none 12.3% (2014 est.)

Population growth rate

3.33% (2024 est.)

Government

Government type

presidential republic

Capital

name: Luanda

Executive branch

chief of state: President Joao Manuel Goncalves LOURENCO (since 26 September 2017)
head of government: President Joao Manuel Goncalves LOURENCO 

Legislative branch

description: unicameral National Assembly or Assembleia Nacional (220 seats; members directly elected in a single national constituency and in multi-seat constituencies by closed list proportional representation vote; members serve 5-year terms)

Economy

Economic overview

middle-income, oil-dependent African economy; widespread poverty; rising inflation and currency depreciation; seeking diversification through agricultural production; significant corruption in public institutions; major infrastructure investments from China and US; exited OPEC in 2023

Real GDP (purchasing power parity)

$210.193 billion (2022 est.)
$203.981 billion (2021 est.)
$201.563 billion (2020 est.)

Real GDP per capita

$5,900 (2022 est.)
$5,900 (2021 est.)
$6,000 (2020 est.)

Agricultural products

cassava, bananas, maize, sweet potatoes, sugarcane, pineapples, tomatoes, onions, potatoes, citrus fruits (2022)

Industries

petroleum; diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, feldspar, bauxite, uranium, and gold; cement; basic metal products; fish processing; food processing, brewing, tobacco products, sugar; textiles; ship repair

Exports

$50.12 billion (2022 est.)
$33.675 billion (2021 est.)
$21.004 billion (2020 est.)

Exports - partners

China 40%, India 9%, Netherlands 7%, France 7%, UAE 7% (2022)

Exports - commodities

crude petroleum, natural gas, diamonds, ships, refined petroleum (2022)

Imports

$28.564 billion (2022 est.)
$18.845 billion (2021 est.)
$15.146 billion (2020 est.)

Imports - partners

China 24%, Portugal 10%, Netherlands 8%, UAE 5%, India 4% (2022)

Imports - commodities

refined petroleum, wheat, cars, poultry, palm oil (2022)

Exchange rates

kwanza (AOA) per US dollar -
Exchange rates:
460.568 (2022 est.)
631.442 (2021 est.)
578.259 (2020 est.)
364.826 (2019 est.)
252.856 (2018 est.)


Page last updated: Monday, July 08, 2024