Grenada

Country Summary

2022 population pyramid

Introduction

Background

Carib Indians inhabited Grenada when Christopher COLUMBUS landed on the island in 1498, but it remained uncolonized for more than a century. The French settled Grenada in the 17th century and Britain took the island in 1762 establishing sugar, cacao, and then nutmeg plantations. Independence was attained in 1974, making Grenada one of the smallest independent countries in the Western Hemisphere.

Geography

Area

total: 344 sq km

land: 344 sq km

water: 0 sq km

Climate

tropical; tempered by northeast trade winds

Natural resources

timber, tropical fruit

People and Society

Population

113,949 (2022 est.)

Ethnic groups

African descent 82.4%, mixed 13.3%, East Indian 2.2%, other 1.3%, unspecified 0.9% (2011 est.)

Languages

English (official), French patois

Religions

Protestant 49.2% (includes Pentecostal 17.2%, Seventh Day Adventist 13.2%, Anglican 8.5%, Baptist 3.2%, Church of God 2.4%, Evangelical 1.9%, Methodist 1.6%, other 1.2%), Roman Catholic 36%, Jehovah's Witness 1.2%, Rastafarian 1.2%, other 5.5%, none 5.7%, unspecified 1.3% (2011 est.)

Population growth rate

0.32% (2022 est.)

Government

Government type

parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realm

Capital

name: Saint George's

Executive branch

chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Cecile LA GRENADE (since 7 May 2013)

head of government: Prime Minister Keith MITCHELL (since 20 February 2013)

Legislative branch

description: bicameral Parliament consists of:
Senate (13 seats; members appointed by the governor general - 10 on the advice of the prime minister and 3 on the advice of the leader of the opposition party; members serve 5-year terms)
House of Representatives (15 seats; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote to serve 5-year terms)

Economy

Economic overview

small OECS service-based economy; large tourism, construction, transportation, and education sectors; major spice exporter; shrinking but still high public debt; vulnerable to hurricanes; declining remittances

Real GDP (purchasing power parity)

$1.7 billion (2020 est.)

Real GDP per capita

$15,100 (2020 est.)

Agricultural products

bananas, watermelons, sweet potatoes, sugar cane, tomatoes, plantains, coconuts, melons, cucumbers, cabbages

Industries

food and beverages, textiles, light assembly operations, tourism, construction, education, call-center operations

Exports

$650 million (2018 est.)

Exports - partners

United States 40%, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7%, Saint Lucia 7%, France 6%, Netherlands 5%, Germany 5%, Ireland 5%, Antigua and Barbuda 5% (2019)

Exports - commodities

fish, nutmeg, cocoa beans, fruits, wheat, toilet paper (2019)

Imports

$640 million (2018 est.)

Imports - partners

United States 35%, Canada 24%, China 5% (2019)

Imports - commodities

aircraft, poultry meat, cars, refined petroleum, food preparation materials (2019)


Page last updated: Tuesday, May 17, 2022