Country Summary

2022 population pyramid



Carib Indians inhabited Grenada when Christopher COLUMBUS landed on the island in 1498, but it remained uncolonized for more than a century. The French settled Grenada in the 17th century and Britain took the island in 1762 establishing sugar, cacao, and then nutmeg plantations. Independence was attained in 1974, making Grenada one of the smallest independent countries in the Western Hemisphere.



total: 344 sq km
land: 344 sq km
water: 0 sq km


tropical; tempered by northeast trade winds

Natural resources

timber, tropical fruit

People and Society


114,299 (2023 est.)

Ethnic groups

African descent 82.4%, mixed 13.3%, East Indian 2.2%, other 1.3%, unspecified 0.9% (2011 est.)


English (official), French patois


Protestant 49.2% (includes Pentecostal 17.2%, Seventh Day Adventist 13.2%, Anglican 8.5%, Baptist 3.2%, Church of God 2.4%, Evangelical 1.9%, Methodist 1.6%, other 1.2%), Roman Catholic 36%, Jehovah's Witness 1.2%, Rastafarian 1.2%, other 5.5%, none 5.7%, unspecified 1.3% (2011 est.)

Population growth rate

0.29% (2023 est.)


Government type

parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realm


name: Saint George's

Executive branch

chief of state: King CHARLES III (since 8 September 2022); represented by Governor General Cecile LA GRENADE (since 7 May 2013)
head of government: Prime Minister Keith MITCHELL (since 20 February 2013)

Legislative branch

description: bicameral Parliament consists of:
Senate (13 seats; members appointed by the governor general - 10 on the advice of the prime minister and 3 on the advice of the leader of the opposition party; members serve 5-year terms)
House of Representatives (15 seats; members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote to serve 5-year terms)


Economic overview

small OECS service-based economy; large tourism, construction, transportation, and education sectors; major spice exporter; shrinking but still high public debt; vulnerable to hurricanes; declining remittances

Real GDP (purchasing power parity)

$1.706 billion (2021 est.)

Real GDP per capita

$13,700 (2021 est.)

Agricultural products

bananas, watermelons, sweet potatoes, sugar cane, tomatoes, plantains, coconuts, melons, cucumbers, cabbages


food and beverages, textiles, light assembly operations, tourism, construction, education, call-center operations


$393.766 million (2021 est.)

Exports - partners

United States 40%, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7%, Saint Lucia 7%, France 6%, Netherlands 5%, Germany 5%, Ireland 5%, Antigua and Barbuda 5% (2019)

Exports - commodities

fish, nutmeg, cocoa beans, fruits, wheat, toilet paper (2019)


$650 million (2021 est.)

Imports - partners

United States 35%, Canada 24%, China 5% (2019)

Imports - commodities

aircraft, poultry meat, cars, refined petroleum, food preparation materials (2019)

Exchange rates

East Caribbean dollars (XCD) per US dollar -
2.7 (2021 est.)

Page last updated: Wednesday, February 22, 2023