Nauru

Country Summary

2023 population pyramid

Introduction

Background

Nauru was inhabited by Micronesian and Polynesian settlers by around 1000 B.C. In 1798, the British spotted the island. Germany annexed Nauru in 1888. Australia captured Nauru from Germany during World War I, and in 1919, it became a joint Australian-British-New Zealand mandate with Australian administration. Nauru opted for independence in 1968.

Geography

Area

total: 21 sq km
land: 21 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Climate

tropical with a monsoonal pattern; rainy season (November to February)

Natural resources

phosphates, fish

People and Society

Population

9,852 (2023 est.)

Ethnic groups

Nauruan 94.6%, I-Kiribati 2.2%, Fijian 1.3%, other 1.9% (2021 est.)

Languages

Nauruan 93% (official, a distinct Pacific Island language), English 2% (widely understood, spoken, and used for most government and commercial purposes), other 5% (includes Gilbertese 2% and Chinese 2%) (2011 est.)

Religions

Protestant 60.4% (Nauruan Congregational 34.7%, Assemblies of God 11.6%, Pacific Light House 6.3%, Nauru Independent 3.6%, Baptist 1.5, Seventh Day Adventist 1.3%, other Protestant 1.4%), Roman Catholic 33.9%, other 4.2%, none 1.3%, no answer 0.3% (2021 est.)

Population growth rate

0.42% (2023 est.)

Government

Government type

parliamentary republic

Capital

name: no official capital; government offices in the Yaren District

Executive branch

chief of state: President David ADEANG (since 30 October 2023); note - the president is both chief of state and head of government
head of government: President David ADEANG (since 30 October 2023)

Legislative branch

description: unicameral Parliament (19 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by majority vote using the "Dowdall" counting system by which voters rank candidates on their ballots; members serve 3-year terms)

Economy

Economic overview

upper-middle-income Pacific island country; phosphate resource exhaustion made island interior uninhabitable; licenses fishing rights; houses Australia’s Regional Processing Centre; former tax haven; largely dependent on foreign subsidies

Real GDP (purchasing power parity)

$139.656 million (2022 est.)
$137.491 million (2021 est.)
$133.161 million (2020 est.)

Real GDP per capita

$11,000 (2022 est.)
$11,000 (2021 est.)
$10,800 (2020 est.)

Agricultural products

coconuts, tropical fruit, vegetables, pork, eggs, pig offals, pig fat, poultry, papayas, cabbages

Industries

phosphate mining, offshore banking, coconut products

Exports

$187 million (2021 est.)
$105 million (2020 est.)
$32.7 million (2019 est.)

Exports - partners

Thailand 49%, Saudi Arabia 14%, Philippines 11%, South Korea 8%, India 7% (2021)

Exports - commodities

skipjack, calcium phosphates, tuna, cars, delivery trucks, low-voltage protection equipment (2021)

Imports

$94.2 million (2021 est.)
$103 million (2020 est.)
$88.2 million (2019 est.)

Imports - partners

Australia 36%, Taiwan 16%, China 12%, Japan 12%, Nigeria 7% (2021)

Imports - commodities

refined petroleum, tugboats, cigarettes, cars, construction vehicles (2021)

Exchange rates

Australian dollars (AUD) per US dollar -
Exchange rates:
1.442 (2022 est.)
1.331 (2021 est.)
1.453 (2020 est.)
1.439 (2019 est.)
1.338 (2018 est.)


Page last updated: Wednesday, April 24, 2024