Travel Facts

US State Dept Travel Advisory

The US Department of State currently recommends US citizens reconsider travel to Nicaragua due to arbitrary enforcement of laws, the risk of wrongful detention, and limited healthcare availability. Exercise increased caution in Nicaragua due to crime.

Passport/Visa Requirements

For the latest passport and visa requirements for this country, please consult the U.S. State Department’s “Learn About Your Destination” search tool, available through the link below.

US Embassy/Consulate

+(505) 2252-7100; US Embassy Managua, Km 5 ½ Carretera Sur, Managua, Nicaragua;;

LGBTQIA+ Travelers

Telephone Code


Local Emergency Phone

Ambulance: 128; Fire: 115, 911; Police: 118


The CDC and WHO recommend the following vaccinations for Nicaragua: hepatitis A, hepatitis B, typhoid, yellow fever, rabies, meningitis, polio, measles, mumps and rubella (MMR), Tdap (tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis), chickenpox, shingles, pneumonia, COVID-19, and influenza.


Tropical in lowlands, cooler in highlands

Currency (Code)

Cordobas (NIO)

Electricity/Voltage/Plug Type(s)

120 V / 60 Hz / plug types(s): A, B

Plug Type APlug Type B

Major Languages

Spanish, Miskito, Mestizo

Major Religions

Roman Catholic, Evangelical

Time Difference

UTC-6 (1 hour behind Washington, DC, during Standard Time)

Potable Water

Yes, but some opt for bottled water

International Driving Permit

Suggested; additionally, if you plan to drive in Nicaragua, you will need an Inter-American Driving Permit issued by the AAA

Road Driving Side


Tourist Destinations

Somoto Canyon; Masaya Volcano National Park; Cerro Mogotón; Isla Ometepe; Cerro Negro; Pearl Cays; Bosawas Biosphere Reserve

Major Sports

Soccer, baseball, boxing

Cultural Practices

Pointing is accomplished with the lips - pucker the lips and raise the chin briefly in the direction you are pointing to.

Tipping Guidelines

Most Nicaraguans don’t tip and taxi drivers don’t expect a tip. Some restaurants add 10 to 15% but you don't have to pay it.


Pottery, hand-woven hammocks, gold jewelry, leather goods, rum, cigars, coffee

Traditional Cuisine

Gallo Pinto — red (kidney) beans and cooked stale rice sautéed in oil with onions and garlic

Please visit the following links to find further information about your desired destination.

World Health Organization (WHO) - To learn what vaccines and health precautions to take while visiting your destination.

US State Dept Travel Information - Overall information about foreign travel for US citizens.

To obtain an international driving permit (IDP). Only two organizations in the US issue IDPs:
American Automobile Association (AAA) and American Automobile Touring Alliance (AATA)

How to get help in an emergency? 
Contact the nearest US embassy or consulate, or call one of these numbers:
from the US or Canada - 1-888-407-4747 or from Overseas - +1 202-501-4444

Page last updated: Thursday, May 09, 2024