2022 population pyramid



Resistance by native Caribs prevented colonization on Saint Vincent until 1719. Disputed by France and the UK for most of the 18th century, the island was ceded to Brittan in 1783. Between 1960 and 1962, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines was a separate administrative unit of the Federation of the West Indies. Autonomy was granted in 1969 and independence in 1979.



total: 389 sq km
land: 389 sq km
water: 0 sq km


tropical; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November)

Natural resources

hydropower, arable land

People and Society


100,804 (2023 est.)

Ethnic groups

African descent 71.2%, mixed 23%, Indigenous 3%, East Indian/Indian 1.1%, European 1.5%, other 0.2% (2012 est.)


English, Vincentian Creole English, French patois


Protestant 75% (Pentecostal 27.6%, Anglican 13.9%, Seventh Day Adventist 11.6%,  Baptist 8.9%, Methodist 8.7%, Evangelical 3.8%, Salvation Army 0.3%, Presbyterian/Congregational 0.3%), Roman Catholic 6.3%,  Rastafarian 1.1%, Jehovah's Witness 0.8%, other 4.7%, none 7.5%, unspecified 4.7% (2012 est.)

Population growth rate

-0.16% (2023 est.)


Government type

parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy; a Commonwealth realm


name: Kingstown

Executive branch

chief of state: King CHARLES III (since 8 September 2022); represented by Governor General Susan DOUGAN (since 1 August 2019)
head of government: Prime Minister Ralph E. GONSALVES (since 29 March 2001)

Legislative branch

description: unicameral House of Assembly (23 seats; 15 representatives directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote, 6 senators appointed by the governor general, and 2 ex officio members - the speaker of the house and the attorney general; members serve 5-year terms)


Economic overview

upper middle-income Caribbean island economy; key agriculture and tourism sectors; environmentally fragile; major banana and arrowroot exporter; CARICOM member and US Caribbean Basin Initiative beneficiary

Real GDP (purchasing power parity)

$1.429 billion (2021 est.)

Real GDP per capita

$13,700 (2021 est.)

Agricultural products

bananas, sugar cane, roots/tubers, plantains, vegetables, fruit, coconuts, sweet potatoes, yams, mangoes/guavas


tourism; food processing, cement, furniture, clothing, starch


$125.777 million (2021 est.)

Exports - partners

Jordan 39%, Singapore 14% (2019)

Exports - commodities

natural gas, drilling platforms and ships, recreational boats, collector's items, eddoes and dasheen (taro), arrowroot starch (2019)


$415.725 million (2021 est.)

Imports - partners

United States 30%, Trinidad and Tobago 12%, China 8%, United Kingdom 6% (2019)

Imports - commodities

refined petroleum, ships, poultry meats, tug boats, recreational boats (2019)

Exchange rates

East Caribbean dollars (XCD) per US dollar -
2.7 (2021 est.)

Page last updated: Wednesday, February 22, 2023