Country Summary

2023 population pyramid



In 1918, Slovenia became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, which was renamed Yugoslavia in 1929. After World War II, Slovenia joined the new Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. In 1991, Slovenia declared independence after a 10-day war with Serbia. Slovenia acceded to NATO and the EU in 2004 and joined the euro zone and the Schengen Area in 2007.



total: 20,273 sq km
land: 20,151 sq km
water: 122 sq km


Mediterranean climate on the coast, continental climate with mild to hot summers and cold winters in the plateaus and valleys to the east

Natural resources

lignite, lead, zinc, building stone, hydropower, forests

People and Society


total: 2,097,893
male: 1,051,044
female: 1,046,849 (2024 est.)

Ethnic groups

Slovene 83.1%, Serb 2%, Croat 1.8%, Bosniak 1.1%, other or unspecified 12% (2002 est.)


Slovene (official) 87.7%, Croatian 2.8%, Serbo-Croatian 1.8%, Bosnian 1.6%, Serbian 1.6%, Hungarian 0.4% (official, only in municipalities where Hungarian national communities reside), Italian 0.2% (official, only in municipalities where Italian national communities reside), other or unspecified 3.9% (2002 est.)


Catholic 69%, Orthodox 4%, Muslim 3%, Christian 1%, other 3%, atheist 14%, non-believer/agnostic 4%, refused to answer 2% (2019 est.)

Population growth rate

-0.1% (2024 est.)


Government type

parliamentary republic


name: Ljubljana

Executive branch

chief of state: President Natasa PIRC MUSAR (since 23 December 2022); note - PIRC MUSAR is Slovenia's first female president
head of government: Prime Minister Robert GOLOB (since 1 June 2022)

Legislative branch

description: bicameral Parliament consists of:
National Council (State Council)or Drzavni Svet (40 seats; members indirectly elected by an electoral college to serve 5-year terms); note - the Council is primarily an advisory body with limited legislative powers
National Assembly or Drzavni Zbor (90 seats; 88 members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by proportional representation vote and 2 directly elected in special constituencies for Italian and Hungarian minorities by simple majority vote; members serve 4-year terms)


Economic overview

high-income, fast-growing EU-member economy; high human capital; key health infrastructure investments; high government spending; key Croatian investments; high-technology and manufacturing sectors; growing financial hub

Real GDP (purchasing power parity)

$86.624 billion (2022 est.)
$84.543 billion (2021 est.)
$78.115 billion (2020 est.)

Real GDP per capita

$41,000 (2022 est.)
$40,100 (2021 est.)
$37,200 (2020 est.)

Agricultural products

milk, maize, wheat, barley, grapes, chicken, potatoes, apples, beef, pork (2022)


ferrous metallurgy and aluminum products, lead and zinc smelting; electronics (including military electronics), trucks, automobiles, electric power equipment, wood products, textiles, chemicals, machine tools


$56.51 billion (2022 est.)
$51.662 billion (2021 est.)
$41.855 billion (2020 est.)

Exports - partners

Switzerland 18%, Germany 14%, Italy 11%, Croatia 8%, Austria 7% (2022)

Exports - commodities

packaged medicine, cars, refined petroleum, electricity, vehicle parts/accessories (2022)


$55.158 billion (2022 est.)
$47.997 billion (2021 est.)
$37 billion (2020 est.)

Imports - partners

Switzerland 17%, China 11%, Italy 10%, Germany 10%, Austria 7% (2022)

Imports - commodities

packaged medicine, nitrogen compounds, refined petroleum, cars, electricity (2022)

Exchange rates

euros (EUR) per US dollar -
Exchange rates:
0.95 (2022 est.)
0.845 (2021 est.)
0.876 (2020 est.)
0.893 (2019 est.)
0.847 (2018 est.)

Page last updated: Wednesday, May 15, 2024