Country Summary

2023 population pyramids



From the 11th to the 16th centuries, various ethnic groups settled the Togo region. After World War I, colonial rule over Togo was transferred from Germany to France. French Togoland became Togo upon independence in 1960.



total: 56,785 sq km
land: 54,385 sq km
water: 2,400 sq km


tropical; hot, humid in south; semiarid in north

Natural resources

phosphates, limestone, marble, arable land

People and Society


total: 8,917,994
male: 4,395,271
female: 4,522,723 (2024 est.)

Ethnic groups

Adja-Ewe/Mina 42.4%, Kabye/Tem 25.9%, Para-Gourma/Akan 17.1%, Akposso/Akebu 4.1%, Ana-Ife 3.2%, other Togolese 1.7%, foreigners 5.2%, no response 0.4% (2013-14 est.)


French (official, the language of commerce), Ewe and Mina (the two major African languages in the south), Kabye (sometimes spelled Kabiye) and Dagomba (the two major African languages in the north)


Christian 42.3%, folk religion 36.9%, Muslim 14%, Hindu <1%, Buddhist <1%, Jewish <1%, other <1%, none 6.2% (2020 est.)

Population growth rate

2.41% (2024 est.)


Government type

presidential republic


name: Lome

Executive branch

chief of state: President Faure GNASSINGBE (since 4 May 2005)
head of government: Prime Minister Victoire Tomegah DOGBE (since 28 September 2020) note: on 21 May 2024 Prime Minister DOGBE and her government resigned following the 29 April 2024 elections, but will remain to ensure the transition from a presidential system to a parliamentary system

Legislative branch

description: unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (113 seats; members directly elected in multi-seat constituencies by closed, party-list proportional representation vote to serve 5-year terms); party lists are required to contain equal numbers of men and women


Economic overview

low-income West African economy; primarily agrarian economy; has a deep-water port; growing international shipping locale; improving privatization and public budgeting transparency; key phosphate mining industry; extremely high rural poverty

Real GDP (purchasing power parity)

$19.491 billion (2022 est.)
$18.421 billion (2021 est.)
$17.38 billion (2020 est.)

Real GDP per capita

$2,200 (2022 est.)
$2,100 (2021 est.)
$2,100 (2020 est.)

Agricultural products

cassava, yams, maize, oil palm fruit, sorghum, soybeans, beans, rice, vegetables, cotton (2022)


phosphate mining, agricultural processing, cement, handicrafts, textiles, beverages


$1.722 billion (2020 est.)
$1.665 billion (2019 est.)
$1.703 billion (2018 est.)

Exports - partners

UAE 26%, India 11%, Cote d'Ivoire 11%, South Africa 6%, Burkina Faso 6% (2022)

Exports - commodities

gold, refined petroleum, phosphates, soybeans, plastic products (2022)


$2.389 billion (2020 est.)
$2.261 billion (2019 est.)
$2.329 billion (2018 est.)

Imports - partners

India 30%, China 16%, South Korea 13%, Nigeria 4%, Taiwan 4% (2022)

Imports - commodities

refined petroleum, crude petroleum, motorcycles and cycles, garments, rice (2022)

Exchange rates

Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF) per US dollar -
Exchange rates:
623.76 (2022 est.)
554.531 (2021 est.)
575.586 (2020 est.)
585.911 (2019 est.)
555.446 (2018 est.)

Page last updated: Wednesday, May 22, 2024